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• 4^ 


The Four. Years 


O F 

C^p^George Roberts; 


SERIES of Uncommon EYEl^rS, 

Which befell him 

In a Voyage to thclflandsofthe Canaries, Cape de 
Verde, and Barb adoes, from whence he was bound 
to the Coafl of Guiney. 

The Manner of his being taken by Three Pyrate Ships, 
commanded by Low, Rufell, and Sfriggs, who, after hav- 
ing plundered him, and detained him^ lo Days, put him 
aboard his own Sloop, without Provifions, Water, &c. 
and with only two Boys, one of Eighteen, and the other 
of Eight Years of Age. 

The Hardfhips he endur'd for above 20 Days, 'till he arriv'di 
at the Ifland of St. Nicholas, from whence he was blown 
off to Sea (before he could get any Suftenance) without 
his Boat and biggeft Boy, whom he had fent aihore ; and 
after Four Days of Difficulty and Diftrefs, was Ship- 
wreck'd on the Unfrequented Ifland of St. Johtty where, 
after he had remained near two Years, he built a Vefiel 
to bring himfelf ofF. 

With a particular and curious Defcription and Draught of 
th^ Cape deVerd l^viAs*^ their Roads, Anchoring Places, 
Nature and Production of the Soils ; The Kindnefs and 
Hofpitality of the Natives to Strangers, their Religion, 
Manners, G«j|prmd| and Superftitions, &c. 

Together with Obfervations on the Minerals, Mineial Waters, Metals, and 
Salts, aiipf the Nitre with which fome of thefeDlands abound. 


And interfpers'd with many Pleafant and Profitable Remarks, very inftru- 
6tive for all thofe who life this Trade, or who may have the Misfortune 
to meet with any of the like Diftref&s either by Pyracy or Shipwreck. 

Adorn'd with feveral COPPER PLATES. 

LO NT^ N: 

Printed for A. Bettesworth, at the Red Lyon^ in 

- fPater-NgJier-Row, knd J. Osborn, at the Sfcif, at 

& Jifviour's 2)ock'Eeadi near Hor[€ly-1)Qixn^ ili6i 

^ Jh- 

sf ~v 





To my ffighly Efteemed pRiENb 


O F 

GORLESrOWN in the County 
of SUFFOLK, Gent. 

Worthy SIR, 

much the more Criminal, as 
it lies in emery Man's Vcfwer, 
to he, at leap. Thankful for 
Benefits receiv'd, if he has not thi 
^ower to return them. 

The unmerited Obligations you have 
laid me under, require my mop grateful 
jicknowledgments ; and it is becaufe I 
defpair of ever having the Opportunity 
to return them in Kind, that I lay hold 
of this Oaajion, in a Vuhlick Manner, 
io exprefs my Gratitude : And as I know, 
A i tlsat 

^-*i "^.^rhv'J Re* 

,. > • V c:.;-'.\ s^ i\is this 
';. .-.-.Y^ ci^c> ^;> ^,:!l I can 

.^ . : V '.:t:vns jj Others j 

X. . . * , . A.-ic //«; Reajon to 

. . .: -.^.t i it'jtr.-^ ihff more Cau^^ 

^ ^ .\ > ii* * V by: 41 itKefsofthe 

J .>.....;• r^X^.tJ^'.re the World may 
- ., .: x^M^rAi :tmy'F€rfo77al Mh* 
• -.o ..'ii.> . uKY,i:i:!reSy at Jeajt^ I bopCy 
^/\uf:/>noi: if the Cape dc \'erd 
i.^Js^ t\ir ^IroiUiity Mamifa6iiire5y 
. *;,,T -'V (/ L(e to 7iiy Cottntrxmeu 
\h»ji tbitb<r ; And J f&'ijh I had kad 


papaeityj as well as Opportunity, to fir u* 
tinize more exa£ily than I was able to do^ 
into the Salts, Mmerals, ^c, of the fifoef 
fdl Iflands : But as I was far from thinh' 
ing to ifpear in ^rint {that being owing 
to a tedious Fit ofSicknefi, which incor 
pacitated me for any thing elfe) fo had I 
taken no Notes but what were in confufed 
Scraps of Taper, having no Book to Vf- 
gijter them regularly 5 To which MisfoT' 
tune is owing a great deal of that indi' 
gejled form in which this Treatifi ap^ 
pears. Ha^ I thought ofpuhlijhing my Ad" 
fventures, 1 had, doubtlejfs, been more curi^ 
ous and exa£i 5 but my Friends would per' 
fuade me, that I had experienced a jiiffi'' 
dent Variety of uncommon Events topleafi 
the Curious World, and to afford Matter 
of Inftru£iion for Mariners obliged to fail 
to thofe Tarts ^ and, as If aid, my IIU 
nefs contributing Leifure to their Tern 
fuafions, I gave into it ^ and commencd, 
pefhaps, no' lefs to your Surpriz^e, than 
my own, an Author. 

Tou, Sir, will have the Goodnefi to eX" 
. ifufe all Defers, and I hope the World will 
not have Jo much lU^ature, as to cenfure 
. tb© 



4he ^trfovmance of a ^erfon twhofe Pro* 
fifflon and Opportuntties have not given 
43m tbofe Aavantages fwhicb others may 
ioaji 5 hut that they willy on the Score of 
fTruth and Faithfulne/s, pardon the In' 
fJegance, Sec. ofthisunpoliJh'dEjfay. It 
is fnyfirp Produ£iion of this Kind, and 
'tis very likely may he the la fit, Andean" 
not give me, come what will, any great 
^iJfatisfaBion, Jtnce, at the farm Time, 
it affords me the Pleajure of acknowledg' 
ing your Favours, and to ajfure yo^, I hat 
itjball always he my Players, that God 
will, for many Tears, continue p you th0 
Blejings you at prejent enjoy^: and, ^ 
length, tranjlate you to Everlajltng Hap^ 
pinefs. Be pleafed, dear Sir, kindly ta 
accept thefejincere Wijhes, from 

Your AfFe<5tionate Friend, and 

Obliged Humble Servant^ 

• « 

July nth* 

George Roberts^ 

: • 









cf all III, 

de VerH Iflaiuls, 

h, ihr TIain Ckart . 

C •! 


T O T H E 

Cape de Ferd Iflands, ©"c. 

[IN the Year of our Lord 1721, on 
I the 14th Day of Sepember, I made 
I a ContraA *ith Mr. Dermis La?3g- 
ton. Merchant artd Goldfinith, liv- 
ing at the iVbeatJheaf in Lombard- 
fireet, Mr. U^tHiam Ady^ Packer, 
living in the Houfe that was Sheriff Cl!r«(/&'s 
near Blackwell-Hatl-Gate, and Captain Andreia 
Scott, living then oti Little ^ower-Hill, to go to 
Virgiata^ and take Pofleffibn of a Sloop there 
call d the Dolphin ; and there to buy a Cargo to 
flave with on the Coaft of Guinea ; and from 
thence to proceed to Virginia or Barhadoes, as I 
found would be moft to the Gentlemens Advan* 
tage who were concern^ with me ; from thence 
to load or take Freight to London : To which the 
before-mentioned Gentlemen fign'd an Obligation 
fcr the Payment of their Dividcnds,both for Sloop 

and Cargo 5 and by their Order I ftiipp'd a Clii- 
rurgc on to go from London to Virginia for hatf 
Pay, and from thence to be in whole Pay 'till ar- 
ri\ted in the fbames. Captain Andrew Scott at 
the fame time being Commander of the King So* 
gwmjre, a Ship of twenty two Guns, and bound 
ftoat the Thames J to touch at the liland of Ma^ 
deray at the Cape de Verd Iflands, at the Ifland 
of Barbadoesy from thence to Virginia^ and from 
Virginia J upon the Coaft of Guinea^ &c. And I 
agreed with Captain Scotty by Confent of the 
ocher Owners, who were to be concerned witb 
ne in the above-mentioned Sloop and Cargo, 
to go his Chief Mate in the King Sagamore ^ 
till we arrived at Virginia^ and then and there 
to be dilcharged, to t:S:e Pofleffion of the before- 
mentioned Sloop y and accordingly I went on 
Boards as alio my Chirurgeon, for whofe Paflage 
I conrraAcd to Virginia , alio the Cheft of Me- 
dicines was put on Board by the afore-mention'd 
Gentlemen, to be delivered to me at our Arri- 
val in Virginia. We piDceeded on our Voyage 
according to Appointment, but in the Channel 
meeting "with contrary Winds, we were obligM 
to put into Plyntoatby a very commodious Har- 
bour for Shipping, lying in the County of D^- 
•ypw, where we were forc'd to lie for a fair Wind 
near two Months. We happen^ to be there at 
that time when my Lord Belbaven was going 
Governor to Barbaaoes in the Royal Anne Galley 
Man of War , who put into this Port a few 
Days after us ; and the Wind fhortly afterprefent- 
ing fair, tho* the Weather look'd very unftttled, 
and the Wind not like to ftand, the Man ot 
War in which his Lordfhip was, failed, and 
had not been long out before they met with hard 
anjl contrary Gales of Wind, which (as was liip- 
pofed by the Rafhneis of their Lieutenant) oc- 



cafioned that lad Tragedy of their Lives whici) 
is not unknown to moft People in England. Cag^ 
tain Scott was inclinable to fail at the fame tkhe 
that the Man of War did, but I perfwaded him 
to wait a little till he faw the Wind and Weather 
better fettled, at leaft, not to go out now it was 
almoft Night, and would be Night before we 
could have got the Ship unmoorM ; and, as I told 
him, if the Wind continued till next Mom- 
ii^, then in God's Name to proceed ; which Ad- 
vice Captain Scott took, and the more willing, 
becaufe he had given Orders the Day before, to 
kill fome Beef tor the Voyage, which we could 
not have till the next Day, which proving but 
nntowaM Weather, as well as a foul Wind, obli- 
ged us to lie there near a Month after my 
Lord Belhaven fail'd out in the Man of War j 
during which time we heard from Falmoutby that 
my Lord and almoft all the Souls that were in 
the Man of War, were caft awa^ on the Stagg 
Rocks off the Lizard. After we had lain Wind- 
bound a confiderable time, it pleafed God to fend 
moderate Weather, with an indifferent fair WincL 
which Opportunity thus offered, we laid hold of^ 
and faiPd , and met with nothing worth no-^ 
ting, ^till we arrived near the Latitude of Md^ 
dera^ at which time Captain Scott altering his 
Mind, or, at leaft, it was the firft Difcovcry of 
the altering of his Mind or Owners Orders, he 
would not touch at Madera^ but refolvM to touch 
at the Ifland of feneriff^ it being one of the Ca^ 
nary Iflands, and indeed, for Traffick the beft 
of them ; which accordingly we did, and an- 
chored in the Road of Oratava^ where Captain 
Scott baner'd fome Goods for Wine. We 
were forced out of the Roads by reafon of a 
Nortb'IVeft Wind coming, which all Ships there, 
when thofe Winds come, are obliged to do. We 


jflipp'^d our Moorings, and put to Sea, leaving 
Captain Scott afliore on the Ifland, as often hap-* 
pens to jCammanders of Ships who trade there ; 
for there is no fending the Boat for them, nor 
waiting for them to come off, for as foon as ever 
a North-ITeJi is perceived, which moft times is 
fore-fhewed by a Nortb^lVefi Swell rouling in, 
they are oblig d to flip their Moorings, for which 
Keafon they have always Ship-Buoys ready bent : 
Seldom, or never, any Ships that are forc'd from 
thence by thefe Winds, ftay to take up their An- 
chors, for if they fliould, they might run a great 
Hazard of lofing the Ship and their Lives too. 
But that Nortb'lVeJi that forced us out, did not 
prove fo bad as we expeded ; fo that the fecond. 
Day after we flipped our Cables, we got into the 
Koad, and took in our Moorings again > and as 
ibon as we got our Wihe in, which was ^bout 
forty Pipes, we failed, having been about ten 
l)ays at this Ifland ^ and altho' there are man] 
Things remarkable about and on this Iflan<' 
not vulgarly known, which might be Matter ol 
Profit as well as Delight to know, (among which 

• may be ranked the great Coral-Tree, which, 
perhaps, is the largeft of that Kind yet known 
m the World ^ alio the Gold Mine within Point 
de NagoSy on account of which a poor Man, be-i 
ing more hafty to get rich than his Neighbours, 
was taken on one of thofe golden Mountains, 
with fuch Tools or Inftruments about him, as 
plainly fhew'd what he had been a hunting for ; 
they found alfo fome Gold about him, for which 
they hanged him but a few Days before we ar- 
rived here ^ ) yet by reafon it is an Ifland pretty 
much reforted to by our Shipping, I ftiall wave 
giving any further Defer iption of it, (only that 

» on thefe Iflands is made the moft generous W^"^ 
that is made, I think, in the Univerfe) and left 

in . 

I ftiould feem to fbme (as the Proverb goes) to 
light a Candle to fee the Day, I fhall proceed on 
5n my Narration of our farther Proceedings. 
We failed from the Ifland of ^eneriff in the Even- 
ing with a light Gale of Wind about the North-- 
Eaft and by Nortb^ but after we had got an 
Offing firom the Ifland, the Galefreflicn'd up and 
continued, we had Sight of the Pike of ieneriff 
([which is a high peeked Mountain, by fbme fup- 
pofed to be the highefl Mountain in the World) 
all the next Dav, till Night , and altho' we then 
rccfkonM <5urfelves to be little ^lefs than forty 
Leagues diflant fi'om the Pike, yet we could fee 
it very plain. We met with nothing very re- 
markable all the Paflage, 'till we made the Ifland 
of Sal^ which is one of the Windwardmofl of 
the C%e de Verd Iflands, for which Reafbn I 
alwaysendeavour'd to make that Ifland firfl, ^en 
bound to touch at any of the Gipe de Verd 
Iflands : We made this Ifland of Sal in the 
Morning, and I, by the Captain's Order, went 
afliore with the Pinnace and fix Men arm'd, in a 
Bay caird Palmer a^ to fee what we could obferve : 
At our Landing, we found fbme Huts, which were 
in good Repair, and feem'd by the Grafs which 
was in them, that fbme People had lately been 
there, which made me fufped: that there might 
be fbme Turtle-catchers here fince the lafl Tur* 
tie Seafbn, or they might be Men fliipwreck'd, 
or by other Accid&its left there, as by Pirates, 
&c. After I had gone a little farther towards 
the Palm-Trees, I faw two Fire-Places, which, 
by the Freflinefs of the Aflies, feem'd to have 
been but lately made 9 and fbme rfeaps of Fifli- 
Bones lying by the Fire-Places, which were not 
thoroughly dry 5 the under Part of them, as alio 
the Middle of the Heap being moift, which I 
t»m*d up on Purpofc j thefe Keafons, \ fay, fer* 

B 3 >3»t 


^er confirmed my Opinion that there were fbmc 
People upon the Ifland, the Certainty of which 
I was willing to be iatisfied in ^ for which Cauie 
I divided mv Men into two Companies, refolvr 
ing, if poffiole, to difcover whether there was 
any People on the Ifland, or not : We walk'd 
and fearch'd as high up as the Middle of the 
Ifland, without difcovering any Creature of hur- 
inane Kind ^ we faw abundance of fmall Land 
Birds, Afles, ^c. And Captain Scott fearing that 
Jbme Accident might have befallen us, made a 
Signal for us to come on Board, which I did a$ 
Jbon as I could get the Men together. We got on 
Board about Eight a Clock at Night, and 
brought off with us fome Land-Crabs, Dates, 
and three or four of the wild bitter Gourds, 
whereof there is great Plenty there ; (with 
which the Natives in thofe Iflands commonly 
purge themfelves , as we do here , under the 
Name of Coloquintidum or Albandat) thefe were 
all we found there that was remarkable, at this 
Time. As foon as we came on Board, and got 
the Boat in, we made Sail for the Ifland of Bond 
Vfftj it being the Iflapd refolv'd upon to make a 
Cargo of Salt, and the next Day we arrived at 
Bona Vifty and anchored in the EngUjh Road, as 
they call it, under the little Ifland, about ten a 
Clock at Night, in about five Fathom Water, 
clear fandy Ground within the fiinken Rock. 
: Next Day I went alhore with Captain Scott ^ to 
agree with the Inhabitants for their AlEftance to 
bring the Salt from the Salt-Ponds down to the 
Water-fide ^ as alfo to ftttle the Prizes of our 
Goods, and alfo of their Horfes, AlTes, ^c for 
we were to take in Horfes and Afles after we had 
got our Salt on Board. Captain Scott being an 
utter Stranger to all thefe Iflands, as well as the Ca^ 
^^r^ Iflands^ both as to their Language and Trade, 

- en 

Men think if they can but, get their Ship loaden, 
that's enough. Sometimes when a Ship's Com- 
pany is but few, the Matters arc forc'd to hire 
feme of the Natives to work in the Salt-Ponds 
while the Salt is making, and alfp to work in the 
fliipping the Salt off I advifed Captain Scott, as 
he had brought but little Hay with him out of 
England foe his live Cargo, to get the Blacks to 
bring feme down every Day while we were ma- 
king the Salt 5 but he depended on the Blacks 
Words, who told hipi, they would fupply him 
with Hay enough in one Day, for his Voyage, 
which made him think it needleft to provide 
Hav bejfbre-hand, tho' I knew to the contrary, 
as naving experienced them before ^ but yet. 
Captain Scott ^depended on their Words, which 
in the End had like to have been the Lofi of all 
our live CargQ ; and as it was, it fpoil'd the Sale 
of them at Bmiadoes, as you will find in the Se- 
oucl of the Story. No Ship being here but our- 
lelves, we had all the Salt-Ponds, to pick and 
chufe the bcft, and had but little Trouble to 
make our Salt, to what it is fbmetimes, as I have 
ftcn when Ships have been forced to wait three 
Weeks or a Month* for a Birth, to make Salt in 
^c Ponds- and then be forcM to take up with, 
perhaps, luch ordinary Ponds, that ten or a do- 
ze^ Ponds in that poor Ground might not yield 
much more than one or two Ponds would yield 
where it is a rich Salt Soil , and yet have as 
much Labour, in a manner, with thofe Ponds, 
as you would have in tending the beft Ponds ; 
but we in the making our Cargo, had little more 
to do but to rake the Salt out of the Ponds, ind 
wheel it out to the Heap. While we lay here, 
came in a Sloop belonging to Philadelphia, but 
laft jfrom Santa Cruz, on the Ifland of Tenerifj 
and bound to Jamaica j he hinder'd us almoft a 


Day^s Work ; for we not knowing tut it might 
be a Pirate, got all our Hands on Board, and 
fe kept oiu&i^ in Readinefs to receive him, 'till 
he fent l^is Boat on Board, which we commanded, 
and fati^fied us what he was. Now Captain Scott 
having bought more AfTcs by far than he could 
ftow on Board, and it being all in the Sloop's 
Way, they agreed, that the Sloop (hould take in 
as many Afles as (he could ftow, at fb much per 
Head, to be delivered at Barbadoes. After we 
got our Salt all on Board, we took in Horfei and 
Afles, as many as we could ftow, aijd alio pu( 
as many Afles on Board the Sloop as (he coul4 
ftow J after which, we were fbrc'd to flay twenty*- 
fbur Hours for Grafs and Hay, and then nei- 
ther, we could not get half enough for the Voy- 
age 'y but our Water alfb being almoft expended^ 
we could tarry no longer ; for you mufl know^ 
that the Ifland of Bona Vifi has no drinking Wa-r* 
rer but what lies a long Way up in the Country, 
and thofe Ships that come there only to make 
Salt 5 muft bring frcfh Water enough with then^ 
to ferve while they are making and fhipping off 
their Salt, or they muft pay dear for that Water 
that muft be brought down out of the Country 
by the Natives, on Afles Backs ^ but thofe that 
^ome here to buy Cattle, if they do not bring 
Water with them, it is next kin to an Impoffibin 
lity, at leaft, it would be fb chargeable, as well as 
tedious, to have their Water brought out of the 
Country, that it would coft more than the Be^fls ; 
neither could you ever get a Stock of Water this 
Way, for your Cattle wOuld drink it, in a man- 
ner, as faft as it could be brought down. So ha- 
ving got in all that we could get, wc and the 
Sloop fail'd in Company together, and touched at 

the Iflc of May^ where wc met With five Sail of 


Chips loading there with Salt for the -B^^-Coun- 
try, up the Baltick Sea, among whom we got 
fome Water, and alfb Tobacco", the Want of 
which had aknoft brought a fTeJi'Country Famine 
on us, as the Sailors ufed to term it. W^ took 
in fix Caws to carry down to St. JagOj ^d'one 
5vas given to Captain Scott for Freight. We ftay'd 
ione Night at the Ifle of May^ and the next Morn- 
ing wcigh'd for St. Jago^ which was the Place 
we defign'd to take in Water, IJay, and Wood 
fer the Voyage, the Sloop alio being in our Com- 
pany. Captain Scott being ambitious to keep a- 
head of the Sloop, who went very well, as did 
we in the Ship alfb, crouded all his imall Sails, 
and would not (horten Sail before we came the 
Length of the Port of Villa de Praya^ and it 
blowing a frefli Gale of Wind, and generally 6S 
the high Land, and in the Bay there comes off 
very hard Flaws of Wind ^ fo that ftanding with 
all our Sail out 'till wc brought the Bay open, 
before we could hand our fmall Sails, and take a 
Reef in each Top-fail, to Luff into the Bay, we 
were drove to Leeward of the Road, ^nd it 
holding fiich taut Gales, and our Decks being 
clutterM with the Cattle, that we could not work 
the Ship io well as we otherwife might, it was 
three Days before we could get into the Road ; 
in which Time feveral of our Affe^ died, and the 
refl were fo difpirited, that they never recovered 
during the Voyage. The Sloop got into Villa 
de Praya the Evening after we came from the Ifl« 
of ikfey, and by the Time that we got into the 
Bay, he had got all his Water on Board for the 
Voyage : As foon as we got in, and were moor'd. 
Captain Scott went on Snore to buy Hay and 
Wood, and to work we went with all our Boats 
to Water. After we had watered, wooded, and 
got as much Hay, green Cocoa*Nuts, ^c. for the 

. Cattle 

C •« 3 

Cattle, as could be gotten, we unmoored and 
weighed from thence with the Sloop in Com- 
pany, and fteercd away for the Ifland ofBarbadoesj 
meeting with little remarkable in our Faflage 
down, Civing that we met with a dead Whale about 9 
the middle of the Paflage, having an innumera- 
ble Quantity of Fowls about it, notwithftanding it 
could not be lefs than 3ooLeaguesfrom any Land* 
We had moftly light Winds all the Paflage 
down till we arrived at the Ifland of Barbadoes^ 
which was on the latter Part of Marcb^ in the 
Year 1722. The firfl: we did was to get our live 
Cargo out, which we did as fbon as we had Li- 
berty from the Governor and Cuftom-houfe, but 
both Horles and Aijes were fb weak and poor, 
that none of the Horles, and very few of the Afles, 
were fold while we lay here • lb that if a Coun- 
try Genleman had not given Captain Scott the feed- 
ing of his Horfes and AflTcs in the Country gratis ^ 
after he faw he could not fell them, the cheapefl: 
way would have been to have knocked them all 
on the Head, for they would have coft more to 
have put them in a Market Cafe than they would 
fell for : And likewife the Wine did not go off ve- 
ry well ; for the Inhabitants of this Ifland, as 
likewife all our Iflands in the IVeft^Indies^ being « 
for the mofl: part ufed to Madera Wine, they 
did not feem to like fo well our Canary Wine ; 
nay, moft of them were afraid to buy it, think- 
ing it was not good, becaufe different in Flavour 
from that of the Ifland of Madera^ their accul- 
tomed Wine, though the Wine which we brought, 
as it coft almoft double the Price which Wine com- 
monly cofts mMadera^ fo it was of twice the Good- 
Jiels of any Wine commonly brought from that 
Ifland, tho' it rather fold here under the Price of 
conunon Madera Wine. Thefe Difappointments 
in the Cattle, Wine, ^c. and fome other Rec^ 
£yns which lihall ibrtw^ar mentioning Vvwt^m^^^ 

r 'O 

tain Scott entirely decline, and" fully refblve of 
not proceeding to Viryrinia^ notwitnftanding the 
Scheme of the Voyage was to have proceeded 
there diredfcly from Barbadocs^ as alfo were his Or- 
ders and lnftru6kions from his- Owners ; however, 
relblved he was not to go to Virginia^ but to con- 
trive or lay a Scheme to proceed fbme other Way, 
"whidi new Refolutions of his, did not only fur- 
prize me at the prefent, but likewife diflatisfiedme 
very much, and I could not refblve .with my felf 
whatCourfeto take in this unexpededDifappoint- 
ment 5 but it being in vain to fit unrefblved what 
to do, I at lafl fix d my Refblution, which was 
thus ^ To make up my Account with Captain 
Scott ^ and caufehinito pay me theBallance, andfb 
to return home to give the Gentlemen an Account 
how finely they and I were deluded, they by ha- 
ving fiich a Partner concerned with them, and I 
by having fiich an Owner as Captain Scott was. 
Now you muft know that I had lent Captain Scott 
ibme Money at feveral Times before our Departure 
from London^ t6 be repay*d me at our Arrival at 
Virginia^ which, with the Wages that were due to 
me onboard the King Sagamore^ came to near Nine- 
ty Pounds, which I demanded of him 5 on which 
his Anfwer to me was. That he could not raifc 
that Money at prefent, by reafbrf he could not 
difpofe of his Efied^s, but if I thought well of 
it, he WOUI4 buy ^ Sloop in his own Name, for 
which ' he could have Credit on his Bfleds till 
they were fold, and would make a Bill of Sale 
to me, to hold a Part in the Sloop proportionable 
to the Debt ; and I confidering how difficult it 
would be for mc to recover my Money of him 
there, if not impofBble, refblv u to accept pf hi« 
OfKr 'y for tho' he was reputed at London to have 
confiderable E&AsinMarylandj yet when I came 
fo Barbadoes^ I underfibood by u^e Mailers of 


[ 'J ] 

Veflels that came from, and belonged to the Place 
where he pretended his Effeds lay, that he was 
lb &T from having any Effeds there, that it was 
the Reverie y for they believed that he was fbmuch 
in Debt there, that jthey thought for that Reafbn 
he did net much care to come there ; wherefore I 
was after a fort, as it were^ neceiEtatol to accept of 
his Propofals, for fear 'of^ entirely loiing my Mo- 
ney y tho' I believe I had obliged my Friends more^ 
and eipecially thofe Gentlemen who were to be 
concerned with me, had we proceeded to Virginiaj 
and I am furedone my fclf more Service to have 
run the Hazard of loiing my Money, and come 
h(Mne I as the Sequel hath fully made manifeft. 

Accordingly we pitched upon a Sloop that was 
to be fold there 3 1 forget the Gentleman's Name 
at prefent that own'd hdr, neither is it much ma«* 
terial. She was then call'd the Margaret^ and the 
then Matter's Name was jilex under K/ber^ flie was 
about 60 Tun of Cask, indifferently well found 
for thofe Parts, and by the Regifter (he was be- 
tween 4 and 5 Years old, and was an extraordi- 
nary Penny-worth. I was difcHarg'd by Captain 
Scott firom the King Sagamore April the 24th, 
1722, and the fame Day took Pofleffion of the 
Sloop 5 and being obliged to regifler her anew, 
the old Regifter Certificate being pretty much torn, 
and the Property now altered, accordingly a new 
Regifter Certificate was taken out in Captain Scott^% 
Name, andalfb thatof Mr. George John fon^ a Mer- 
chant who then lived at Barbadoes; after which, 
I (hipped Hands and began to get things ready 
as faft as I could ; but found Captain Scott very 
backward to fiimifli nve with Money towards the 
fitting of her out, or for a Cargo 5 however I 
made (hift to rub along, and what I could not have 
of Captain Scott j I pieced out with the little Mo- 
ney I railed there. I often asked him to come 


to an Account) ' that We might fettle our Affairs j 
but he ftiil put me off from time to time with one 
Excufe or another : However we concluded and 
agreed uponthe Voyage which was for me to go to 
Guinea^ and thence to the Cape de Verd Iflands 
to trade, or only to the Cap de Verd Iflands, as I 
thought proper i but the Cargo was all that re- 
mained in Difpute: However Captain Scott^ did 
put in a fmall Quota namely 30 Buflielsof Maizj 
4 Hogfheads of Rum, and then he fell fick, and got 
up in the Country : However I made fliift as well 
as I could, and had fbme Corn, Rice, Flower, ^c. 
put on board of me by fbme Gentlemen who» 
rather than I Ihould be baulkM, were refblved to 
venture with me; and I was to make them fuch 
Returns, if I fucceeded, as I thought might be 
reafbnable. I likewife purchafed what Rum I was 
able, as alfb Sugar, Tobacco, ^c. and in fhort, 
one way or another, I got together a pretty Car- 
go, fufficient to .haveanfwered my Defign, if it 
had pleafed God that I had efcaped the Pirates^ as 
* in the Sequel of the Story you fliall hear. 

By this time Captain Scoffs Ship was ready for 
failing, and he underftanding what Goods I had on 
board, offered to barter fbme of his Goods that 
would anfwer at the Canaries ^in lieu of fbme of my 
Goods which would anfwer where he was intend- 
ed to go ; provided I wdbld alter my Voyage and 
go to the Canaries^ which I did not approve of^ 
and fb there was no more faid on that Head. We 
were both ready to fail, and I urged him to come 
to an Account, which he faid was then impoffible ; 
but as we had agreed to keep Company together 
till we came in the Latitude of the Cape de Verd 
Iflands, fb we fliould have time enough to fettle 
before we parted; and abundance of fuch 'like 
Difcourfes : Belideshe&id, he could not yet hold 
a Fen in his Hand by means of his late Sicknefs. 


m that Squall, which continued *till duskifli. We 
were then got Clear of the Iflands, and Captain 
Scott ^ as I iuppofe, concluded that he wa^ deaf 
of the Pirates, which we had had an Account of 
at Barhadoes 5 which, with ibme other Reafons, 
I believe, might be the Caufe why he did not 
Ihorten Sail for me when my Main-mil fplit, but 
made the beft of his Way 5 neither was I much 
concerned then, not doubting but I fhould meet 
with him at fome of the Cape de Verd Iflands, 
where he defign'd to Trade, and, as I lupposM, 
might be another Reafbn of his making the befl: 
of his Way to .get to the Iflands before me ; for 
he knew tlrat.I had Goods in for thefe Iflands, tho^ 
my Defign-was, if Winds and Weather permit- 
ted, to touch on the Windward Part of the Coaft 
of Guinea^ about the. Kio^ Grande ^ before I came 
to the Iflands, and did not much doubt but to 
have been at the Iflands time enough to have 
done my Bufinefs with Captain Scott before he 
left the Iflands ^ my Sloop failing much better 
than his Ship, efpecially on a Wind, which, in 
croffing the Trade, is a great Advantage : But 
my lUnefs encrealed after I came out to Sea, 
which was contrary to what I expected, as well 
as to the Opinion of the Dodors ; infbmuch^ 
that after ffaruggling with it as much and as long 
as I could, I was at lafl forced to keep my Bed 
ten Days with a Fever, accompanied with excefl 
five cold, clanmiy Sweats, with Paintings i after 
which, growing better, as foon as I was able to 
keep an Account of the Veflers Way, I demand-* 
ed of my Mate the Latitude and Longitude we 
we were got into by his Account, which he gave 
me ^ which, upon Pefufal, made me conjedure 
that we were not got fo fer to the Eaftward as 
his Account made o^t ; wherefore I required his 
• Lqg»BooIc» to fee how &r that might agree with 


f Ms general Account , for fbntietimes the beft of' 
1 Men may make a Miftake, either in tranfcribing 
their Day's Work, by milplacingof a Figure, or 
even by an Error of Miftake in the Working j 
all thefe Miftakes a Man jnay be overtaken with, 
and any one of them may lead one fofer out of the 
Truth, as may not only be a Diiappointment to 
his Expedation, but of evil Confequence to Ship, 
Cargo, and even our very Lives ^ by which it ii 
cafy to guefs, how careful and circumfpedt that 
Man ought to be^ that takes upon him the 
Charge of navigating a Ship at Sea, when (he 
onJv mifpiacing of one Figure, may put the Ship 
ana Cargo in cknger of I^ing loft, as well as the 
Livei of all thofe who at the lame Time are oh' 

I took the Fains . to work every Day's Work ♦ 
apart, and made .Allowance, as idual, ibr what 
I found Diurnally noted in his Logg-Book ^ 
v/hich although it be not fo exa<% 2Ls a Man could 
account for^ were ht Daily to obferve the feverail 
Occurrence^ as they then happen, and allow for, 
and rectify according to his Judgment, while they 
are frelh in Mind ; yet it is fomething more fatis- 
fadory, than to take a general and fummed up 
Account J as any Man who has had the Expe- 
rience of keeping an Account of a Sliip^s Way^ 
can eafily perceive : There were about 14 Leagues 
Difference between what I ma4e out, as I took it 
out of his Ldgg-Book, and the general Accoimt 
he firft gave me, he being fo much to the Eaft- 
ward or what he made out by his Logg-Book i 
which farther confirmed me in my Opinion, that 
we were not fo far to the Eaftward, as he reekon'd 
we were. 

We had light Gales^^ and fometimes Calmy, 
after we were got to the Northward of the Trader, 
Irith heavy Showers of Rain, which is ufual ^ 

C ^^^^ 

[ '8 ] 

tiiat Time of the Year in thefe Latitudes ; we 
ftood as far to the Northward as 3 1 Degrees of 
Latitude, and then I bent my Gourfe Souther- 
ly, and to the Eaftward withal, till we got into 
tne Trade again : My Sufpicion, as I obferv'd to 
you before, that we were not fo far to the Eaft- 
ward as our Reckoning made us, cauied me to run 
about 80 Leagues to the Eafltward of the Me- 
ridian of the Iflands, before I came into the 
Latitude of them, and the Winds after we got 
into the Trade, holding from the Eaft to the 
Eaft-South-Eaft, I could not poffibly, without 
lofing a great deal of Time, get hold of the 
Coaft of Guiney^ fo far to windward as I had at 
firft refolved ; therefore, I concluded to run di- 
redWy for the Cape de Verd Iflands, and defign-^ 
ing to make the Ifle of Sal firft, it being the 
Windwardmoft of the Cape de Verd Iflands, I 
ftretched to the Southward till 1 got into the 
Latitude of it, and then, by our Account, we 
were between 60 and 70 Leagues to the Eaft- 
ward of it 5 but my Mate was very pofitive, that 
the Veflel was confiderably farther to the Eaft- 
ward than our Reckoning made Her. After we 
were in the Latitude, I run down Weft by Day^. 
and lay to by Night ; for though I had a good 
Obfervation two or three Times every 24 Hours' 
by the Starsj and fometimes a Meridian Obfer- 
vation by tlie Sun, yet I would not venture ta 
run in the Night, for fear of miffing the Ifland, 
by reafon the Weather was fometimes hazy^ 
fometimcs overcaft, and a taut Gale of Wind 
firom the Eaft-South-Eaft, to the South-Eaft, 
and South-South-Eaft. I run down about 100 
Leagues Weft, without making any of the Iflands ; 
and then concluding, as good Reafon I had, that 
we were to the Welhvard of the Iflands, I had 
no other Remedy left, but to ftand to the North- 

» . ■ ■ » . 

ward again, till out of the Trade, to get into i 
yariabJe Wind's way, and fo to get to the Eaft- 
ward, and that Way to gain the Iflands ; for the 
Time of the Rains being almoft come, I did 
hot much care then for touching on the Coaft of 
Guiney^ as I had before propoled ; fo made the 
beft of my Way for the Iflands, which by the Ig- 
norance or Carelef heft, or both, of my Mate, we 
had mifltd. I ftood to the Northward with a 
very hard Gale of Wind at S6uth-South-Eaft,= 
with Rain and a very deep hollow Sea, which 
hcW for about four Days ; after which the Wea- 
ther being more moderate, I ftood to 31 Degrees 
JO Minutes of North Latitude, and then run my 
Eafting out, and fo bent my Courfe to the South- 
ivard, till we got into the Latitude of the Ifle of 
Sal again, widioiit meeting with any Thing 
worth noting hcf c : I then bore away Weft till 
we made the Ifland, and it being green Trutle 
Seafon, I ftretchcd in, and anchored in a Road 
under the Weft-fide of the Ifland called P aimer a^ 
I (uppofe fo called, from the Date-trees growing 
there, in the Valley in the Southermoft Bay: 
The Road of Palmer a m fome Places is very foul 
and rocky, but if you turn up into the Northermoflf 
Bay, you may anchor there in three or four 
fathom Water, in clear fandy Ground ^ and with- 
out that Depth, it is all foul and rocky Ground, 
You may likewife anchor in the Southwardmoft: 
Bay, in four, five, or fix fathom Water, bring- 
ing the Palm-trees Eaft-and-by-North from you • 
but without thofe Depths it is uncertain Ground, 
in fome Places clear, in others foul. 

After we came to an Anchor I font my Boat 
aihore, to foe if there were any Signs of the 
Turtle landing, or if any People were there ^ 
Turtling, and if fo, and they had any frefli caught, 
to bring one on Board ; for the French oken- 

limes come there, to make a Turtle- Voyage, fak- 
ing their Turtle on the Shore, and drying it^ 
much after the fanie Manner as they do Cod at 
iJewfoundland^ of which and the Oil, they make 
good Markets at theirlflands in the JVefi-hdies ^ they 
Kiving the Shell for the French Market, where it 
generally yields a better Price than with us in 
Englandy efpecially the Shell of that Turtle 
caught about thefe Iflands, which is of the thinneft 
Sort, and extraordinary clear, as well as finely 
clouded ^ beiides, there are ofirentimes found 
greater Quantities of Ambergreefe at this Ifland^ 
than at any of the Cape de Verd Iflands, and were 
it not for the \yild Cats that eat it (as aUb does 
the green Turtle) there would be much more 
found than there is« 

In about two Hours after the Boat went afhore, 
fhe came off^ and brought a green Turtle which 
might weigh, I believe, between Two and Three 
hundred Weight, and alfb a Black, being a Native 
of St. Nicholases Ifland, who told me, that his 
Companions afhore fent me that Turtle which 
the Boat brought ofi^ as a Present ^ and that 
there were about 60 Perfbns Natives of the Ifland 
•of St. Nicholas^ who were brought hither in a 
Sloop belonging to a Place^ the Name of which he 
could not remember. I ask'd him if he was an 
Englijhman ? and he told me Yes ^ fb I named 
•feverai Places in Englaftdy but he flili faid No ; 
till at lall, among other Places, I named Ber- 
mudasj and then he faid he was a Bermudian. I 
asked him, If he was fiire of it ? and hefaid Tes^ 
he was certain that the Mafler told him he be>- 
longed to Bermudas^ and that he brought them 
from S. Nicholases hither, to catch and cure Turtle, 
and that about i o Weeks ago he failed from hence, 
and told the Blacks he would go to Bona Pifty 
aad take in fbme Salt, and then ftretch over to 


f 2. ] 

iBt. Nicholas^ to take in fbme Provifions for them, 
andpromifed them, without fei], to be with them 
in lo Days at fartheft ; but they had heard no- 
thing of him fince, and therefore they had given 
him over, and believed that he was either loft, 
or had altei^'d his Mind, and was gone fome other 
Voyage, and offered me half their . Turtle, Oil, 
Shell, Ambergreefe, i^c. to cranfport them with 
the other half to the Ifland of St. Nicholas. I 
told him I was bound down to St. Nicholas^ and 
if any of them had a Mind to go, I would give 
them their Paflage for nothing ^. but I likewife 
told him, I would carry none of the Efk&s off 
the Ifland, until I knew the Right of the Matter, 
which I fiippofed I might when I arrived at St. 
Nicholas^ and according as I found how it was, I 
did not know but I might come back again to the 
Ifle of Sal. He defiredme to let the Boat put him 
afhore, that he might go and tell his G>mpanions, 
which accordingly I did, and gave him two Bot- 
tles of Rum, and his Hat full of Indian Corn, to 
drink and eat with his Companions, when he 
came on Shore: He was very thankful; and I 
ordered the Boat to put afhore, which accord- 

, ingly was done : And in about an Hour's time it 
came off again, and brought an Old Man and a 
Woman, who begged that i would give them 
their PaflTage to St. Nicholas^ adding, that they 
had nothing to pay me for it, but the Turtle, Oil, 
and Shell which they had made here, and if I 
pleafed to accept of that, they v/ould freely give 
all t;hat thev had, rather than to ftav here ; for 
they feid tney were almoft ftarved, having no-? 

thing to eat but the Fifh that they catched. I 

told them I would confider of it, and it being al- 
moft Night, I font them afhore, alid told them I 

would come afhore in the Morning and talk with 

C ^ ^^^^ 

E "] 

Next Morning I went aftiore, and they al| 
came about n^e that were in the Bay, which were 
eight Men and two Women, one of them having 
a young Child; for when they began to be out 
of hopes of the Sloop's coming again, they fepa- 
rated into Companies, and each Cotnpany went 
to a feveral Bay, for the greater Conveniency of 
living y for were they all to ftay in one Place, 
they could not fb well fupply their Wants, all 
their Food being then what Fifh they daily 
catched. There being, as I obferved before, 1 1 
Souls at this Bay of P aimer a^ they begg'd that I 
would give them aPaflagc to St. Nicholas^ and they 
would give me all their Shell, Oil, and part of 
their dry'd Turtle, to carry them and the other 
Part ot their dry'd Turtle, to St. Nicholas. I 
anfwerM, as the Day before, that I would meddle 
with none of the Goods till I had been at St. Ni^ 
cbolas^ to underftand the Right of the Story ; and 
if in cale that the Sloop whi<:h brought them 
hither was gone, or had come to any Difafter, a$ 
it was very likely, we fhould hear Ibmething of it 
there, and they need not much fear, but that I 
fhould come up again to the Ifle of Sal^ and 
cany them down to St. Nicholas y but then I 
fhould exped: as they had offered me now ; to wit, 
all the Turtle, Oil, Turtle-fhell, and half thedry'd 
Turtle. They faid, they were fure every-body 
would be very glad to agree to that now, without 
givingmyfelf any farther Trouble. ButI notknow- 
ing upon what Terms they were fent there, and 
what might be the Reafon of the Sloop's tarrying 
fo long, and not being willing to difappoint any 
Man, not knowing what Charges the Man might? 
have be^ at in relation to them, and the little Credit 
that is to be given to any Thing that thofe Blacks 
^y, made me refcrfve not to meddle with any 
Tning till I heard fartjier of the Bufinefs j ,ajad ^ 

Si ^ 

Itoldthem, ifany of them wanted to go down to St. 
Nicholas^ I would carry them for nothing^ but would 
not carry oiFanyoftheEfFe6ls ^ and that I wasre- 
fblved to fail that Evening : upon which they told 
me, that they (hould not have Time to fend to 
their Comrades who were in the other Bays ; but 
if Ipleaied to give them their Paflage, and Liberty 
to carry a little dryM Turtle with them for Food, 
they Ihould be very thankful : Which I granted, 
and fo /ix Men and the two Women, and a little 
Child, agreed to go, and two Old Menftaycd on 
the Ifland, and promifed to fend the reft Word 
as fbon as they could, of what had happened, 
and the great Likelihood of their good Fortune to 
get Home in a fhort Time, &c. I ordered 
thofe who defigned to go with me to St. Nicholas^ 
to get themfelves ready, and alfb to bring the 
Turtle they defigned to carry with them for 
the Voyage, down to the Water-fide, that it 
might be put on board : This they readily com- 
ply'd with, and brought down as much as the 
Boat could carry at twice, which I ordered on 
board, and they would have brought more, but 
I would not permit them , So on board I came, 
and brought off with me a live green Turtle, which 
the Blacks had catched the Night before , and after 
Dinner I fent my Boat afliore to bring them ofl^ 
which they immediately did to the Number of fix 
Men, two Women, and a fucking Infant. About 
7 a Clock in the Afternoon we weighed from 
Palmer a^ and fteer'd away for the Ifland of St. Ni- 
4:holas ; and after we got clear from under the Lee 
of the Land, which might be about i o a Clock 
at Night, we had a pleafant frefh Gale, and by 
Day-dawning we were off of the Eaft-Point of the 
Ifland of St. Nicholas s but after we got under the 
JLee of the Ifland, it being high fteep Land, with 
» great mtoy deep Gullies, we met with fuch hard 

• ,^ • C4 sq^^u*' 


Squalls of Wind coming down thofe Gullies, that 
it was 9 at Night before I could get to an An- 
chor ; which I did in a Road at the Weft-End o£- 
the Ifland, called Trefall Koad^ in about 6 Fathom 

Next IVIoming the Prieft, who was a Native of* 
Portugal^ came down from their Town, and I 
lent the Boat afliore for him : Who told me, when 
he came on board. That he had lent the Sloop to' 
the lile of Sal with the Blacks y and that the 
Sloop was all his own, he having bought her from 
the Mafter, whole Name was James Peevy living 
at Briftol ^ and that he had lent her to the Ifle of 
Sal with the Blacks to make Turtle, fome of 
which were his own Slaves, the reft being hired, 
Ibme at two Dollars, Ibme three, and other fome 
at four lioUars per Month y and that all the 
Turtle, Oil, Shell, ^c. that they had made, was 
intirely his ; and that his Sloop had been here at 
St. Nicholas^ fince fhe came laft from the Ifle of 
Saly and he had lent her to trade at St. Jago^ 
and the other Iflands to the Leeward, and that 
flie was to be back again in three Weeks or a 
Month at fartheft : That it was now almoft 3 
Months fince he lent her away, and, therefore, 
v/as afraid Ihe was come to fome Accident, or;' 
elfe blown off from the Iflands, they. having had 
two or three bravadoes fince flie went. He alfo 
offered to freight me to the Ifle of *fo/, to bring 
off the Effect and Men, the Turtle Seafon being 
in a manner over, and their remaining upon that 
Ifland, being now only an Expenceto him, without 
any farther View of making much more Profit this 
Seafon. He added, that he did not much fear his 
Sloop's being fafe ^ but as it might poflSbly be 
fome time before flie could arrive to tran^ort 
his People from the Ifle of aS^Z, he would gladly 
agree on ceafonable Terms to freight me thithcti 
^^ • and 

E»5 3 - 

and if not, he muft e'en wait the coming of his 
Qwn Sloop. I told him, if I undertook the Mat- 
ter, I would not be unreafbnable ; but as yet I 
was not refolv'd whether to go to the Ifle oi Saly 
or not s but was deligned in the Evening, or the 
next Morning, if the Weather proved moderate, 
to weigh my Anchor, and turn up into Paragbeefi 
Road, and then I would relblve him. 

Now the Blacks which I had brought from the 
Ifle of Sal told me, that the Ifland of St. Nifbo^ 
las, as alfb all the Windward Iflands of the (Cape 
de Vend, were in^reat Wantof Povifions 3 and that 
the Famine had raged fb at this Ifland, in particu- 
lar, that \yithin the lafl: 12 Months, there died no 
lefs than 500 Souls purely for want of Food, the 
Famine having b^en for ftveral Years paft at the 
otherWindward Iflands i butaltho' St. Nicbolash^id 
groaned under it but one Year, yet it was vifited 
thefevereft of all the Iflands during the Time that 
it held. Now this was the Reafbn why I re- 
folved for Paragbeefi, becaufe it was nigher their 
Town, and for the moft part a level Way 
(which is very rare in thofe Iflands, they being 
generally very fteep and rocky) my Intent being 
fo truck or barter away fbme of my Com, Rice, 
iSc. with the Inhabitants, in Exchange for G)t- 
ton-Cloths (fiich as we trade with on the Coaft 
of Gisiney, called by the Portuguefe, and from 
them by the Blacks, Barrafoofs^ .lil^^wife for 
Ambergreefe, Dragons-blood, Money, £^r. 
the Road of ^refall where I lay, not being fo 
convenient for Trading, by reafon of its Diftancc 
from the Town, which was about 1 6 or 1 8 Miles, 
and that being a rocky Way, with very high and 
fteep Afcents and Defcents. 

The Prieft went aftiore in the Afternoon, as alfb 
did fome of the Blacks which I brought from the, 
Ifle o^ SaL and went up to Town ; and undcrt. 


[ ^<-3 

landing that I defigned for Paragheefi^ they dcr 
fired that I would let their Turtle remain brti 
board tiU the Veflel came there, which I did. 

Next Morning I weighed from Trefall^ and got up 
to iParajrheefi about 9 a Clock that Forenoon, and 
Anchored in the Old Road in 6 fethom Water 5 the 
Reaibn why I did not go into Paragheefi^^ was, be- 
caufe the Blacks I had on Board, informed me, that 
If I went iji there (it being a little narrow Gut be- 
tween 2 Rocky Points ; and tho' there was Water 
enough for any Ship, infomuch that Veflels might 
moor clofe to the Rock with one Anchor off^ 
and might even moor by Shore-fafts without any 
Anchor out, yet it lying fo clofe to the Rock, 
that you might ftep from that on board, and from 
on board to Shore) I fhouldbe fo pefier'd with the 
Inhabitants, when they came to hear I hadProvi- 
fions to fell, that I fhould never be able keep my 
Veflel clear of them ; and, perhaps, the greateft 
Number of them that would flock on board, 
would be poor, and unable to do any Thing but 
beg or fleal ^ whereas, as I lay off at an Anchor, 
there could none come on Board but fuch as I 
thought fit to bring off in my Boat, and then I 
need not be troubled with any, but thofe who 
brought fomething with them to trade. 

I approved and made ufe of their Advice ; 
however, few w none came down befides the 
Priefl, and thofe who waited upon him, or were 
his Followers , whether it was becaufe I did not 
moor in the Harbour, or that the Priefl prevented 
them, for fear it fhould hinder my agreeing with 
him to go to the Ifle of Sal^ I am not able to de- 
termine ; however, I was willing to lay hold of 
the Frieght oiFered, for fear his Sloop fhould 
come, being fatisfied I fhould have Time enough 
to make my Market at St. Nicholas^ after my Re- 
turn from the Ifle of SaU which would not take 


Up above a Week's time if no Accident happened ; 
jbefides I did not fear any Veflcl coming with 
Provifi9ns to Ipoil my Market, by reafbn it was 
fhe wrong Time of the Year, being the Seafbn 
for (hifting Winds, andCapt. Scott ^ as I heard, had 
been there about loD^ys before my Arrival, but 
could fupply them but with very little Provifions, 
which was the only Thing they then wanted ; 
and that Captain Scott was gone %o Bona Vift^ 
and {6 from thence to trade among the Leeward 
Iflands. * So the Prieft and I agreed for me to fail 
to the Ifle of Sal^ and bring off all the People 
and Effeds that belonged to him, or on his Ac- 
count, and he was to pay me too. Dollars, and a 
lufly ftout found Man Slave, ^bout 30 Years of 
Age i to be paid and delivered at our Return to 
the Ifland of St. Nicholas^ before any of the Ef- 
feds brought from the Ifle of Sal were landed ; 
the Priefl alfo engaging himfelf to go along with 
me, to make the better Difpatch in embarquing 
fhe Goods from that Ifland. 

So I concluded to weigh Anchor from Para-- 
gbeefi next Morning, and turn up to Carrifal^ a 
Road lying on the South-Eaft fide of the Ifland, 
being very commodious for Watering ; the frefh 
Water running down to the Sea ; where I re- 
iblved to recruit my Store of Water and Wood, 
which was almofl fpent ^ the Pnefl: promifing to 
meet me there the next Morning, with fome Blacks 
to aflifl my Men in that Work. Accordingly next 
Morning I weighed before Day, and got up and 
Anchored in Currifal Koad before Noon j where, 
according to Promife, the Priefl met me with 
four Blacks. We were not long a Watering, the 
Water being, as I obforved fo nigh the Seafide ; 
but the Wood was a long Way to fetch, and over 
fteep Rocks, fo that if it had not been for the 
Blacks Afliftance, I believe my own Mei;i would 

» .» 

[18 3 

not have been able to have found It, or to get it 
down when found. The laft Turn of Wood wc 
got on board about 1 1 a Clock at Night, and it 
prbvingCalminthe Road, Icouldnot weigh An-^ 
chor that Night as I defigned. The Prieft, with his 
4 Blacks, being Sea^fick, lay afhore on the Sand all 
Night according to their Defire 9 and if I law an 
Opportunity ot weighing, I was to fend the Boat 
for them. He had fent fbme other Blacks while 
we were Wooding and Watering, to hunt for wild 
Goats, who brought in two, whereof he fent mc 
one on board. 

Next Morning, about Dawning, as It was my 
niual Cuftom, I turned out, it continuing ftill 
Calm ; and as the Day broke out, looking about, 
I efpy'd three Sail of Ships off the Bay, one Ship 
to the Eaftward, another Ship to the Weftward, 
and the Third right off the Middle of the Bay ^ 
the firft of them that I made plain with my Glaft 
was the Eaft wardmoft Ship, which feemed to be a 
fiill-built and loaden Ship, and I took the reft to 
be the faijie, and of her Company, and imagined 
thaf^ perhaps, they might want Water, &c. 
Tney had but very little Wind in the Offing, and 
it continued ftill Calm in the Bay. I faw them 
bring to, then edge away, but could not perceive 
any Signals made by them ; and feeing them aft 
thus, I ftill continued in my firft Opinion, that they 
wanted to touch at the Ifland for Wood, Water, 
&c. but that, perhaps, they might be unac- 
■ quainted with the Roads or Harbours of the 
Ifland i infomuch that I was almoft of the Mind to 
fend my Mate off with the Boat to conduft them 
in. ^ 

As fbon as the Day broke up clear, that they 
made me, the Middlemoft of the three ftood 
right in for me, and as the Sun rol?, the Wind 
frefliencd and backed more to the Eaftward^ as is 

C 19 1 

tifu^l there after calm Nights. As (he drew nigh- 
er, I made her with my Glafs to be a Scooner, 
and full of Hands, all in their white Shirts, and 
likewife I faw a whole Tier of Great Guns ^ and 
then, indeed, I began to fulpeft what they 
were : But I had no Remedy but patiently to . 
wait the Event, for I could cIo nothing, except 
I put the Veflel afliore, which would have been 
tneer Madnefs to have done, altho' I had been 
iure they were Pirates 5 and I was fo fiirrounded 
by them, that there was no PofHbility of efcaping 
from them, and efpecially, it holding calm within 
the Bay^ and they coming in with the Day- 
Breeze, came in as faft as the Wind. He came 
in under an Englijh Enfign, Jack, and Pendant, 
and as fbon as I perceivM his Colours, I hoifted 
my Enlign ; he had eight Guns, and fix Patte- 
reroes, and fcventy Men. He ftretch*d a-head 
of us, and haled us ; I anfwer^d him : He ask'd. 
Where the Sloop belong d to ? I anfwer'd, STo Lon- 
don. He ask'd. From whence we came ? I told 
him. From Barbadoes. He faid. It was <very 
well i he knew that 3 and fo brought to a-head of 
us, and bid me lend my Boat on Board of 
him y which accordingly I did, with' two Hands 
in her, and I my lelf kept walking on the Deck. 
The Captain of the Scooner, whofe Name was 
John Lopez^ a Portuguefe (as I was told after- 
wards 5 but then went by the Name ofjohn Kufi^ 
fel^ pretending, tho' fallcly, that he was bom in 
the Northern Parts of England) ask'd the People 
who came on Board of him with the Boat, 
Where the Mafier of the Sloop was ? who an{wer*d, 
^hat he was on Boards and fent them with the Boat 
to know what they wanted. He ask'd them, Which 
was the Mafter of the Sloop ? So they (hew'd me 
to him as I was walking the Sloop's Deck, and 
then he immediately call'd to me^ faying, Tm 

£^jf^^ fUtScnefaB ! you ffecJded-Sbirt Bogl 

(jfi i nad a fpccklcd Holland Shirt on, and was • 
Sup-^ioc'd^ and without Stockings, being juft as 
I ntra'd out of my Cabin) So he ftill continued 
caiiiog in that IVlanner, and I confidering what 
Hands I was fallen into, and that it would be 
cafie for them, to fend a Ball through me for my 
Silence, which, perhaps, they might deem Con- 
tempt of them, as indeed it was, I thought it 
was the lafeft and wifeft Courfe, to anfwer, ac- 
cording to the Proverb, IVbm your Hand is in 
the. Lions Mouthy get it out as eafie as you catty 
and not, in the leaft, to leem to relent any thing; 
that they faid, or did to me, bw tndeai\x>ur to 
iiibmit, if not with a witUosr M&ni. m with a 
feeming PatiencC;^ as^ m rrcitJu I ogM do no 
otherwiie, except 1 wvNdkl^ with ji fooliih Raflmefs, 
{)rovoke them to be my iixecudoners ; and, God 
knows, a iinaU Provocation, nay, if they do but 
conceit it^ fev will occafion rfie taking any honeft 
Man's lii^ ^way. So I anfwer'dhim. Ho lo : He 
iaid, To^ Dtigy yauy zs^j&tt did not you come on Board 
mth ti^ Bour^y ytm Son of a jB— — ? I wili drub you^ 
jm D^ wtirbiTi tm Sncb of your Life^ and that 
Jkcb toa. 1 made him Anfwer,- ^hat be only com" 
ntandim^ tde Boat on Boards I did not think he re- 
quired ^y km if be pleafed to fend the Boat^ t 
woulJ owftr and 'xait upon bim on Board. He an- 
iwer*d, ^^y, you Dog^ and I will teach you letter 
Manors. Upon this, he order'd fome of the 
Pirates into my Boat, to fetch me^ as alio eight 
or ten more of them, to take Pofleffion of the 
Sloop mean while ^ which accordingly was done^ 
and I came along Side of the Scooner. The 
Captain of her ftill continued to threaten me 
with drubbing, to teach me better Manners tbanfo 
to iiffrottt biffi. I anfwerM, / did not dejigft to of" 
froitt hifHy or any cf the Company. D^n yoUj yoti 


Dog, faid he, do not fiant there to chatter ^ 
come on ^oard. So np the Side I came, this giib^ 
tongu'd Captain ftanding at the £ntring-place, 
with his Cutlafti ready drawn in his Hand, to 
receive me. The leaft I expeded was a found 
drubbing Bout, and I had abundance of Reaibn 
to apprehend even worfe than that, he ftill con- 
tinuing to threaten what he would do to me when 
I came in : Jiut a Man in a Gold Laced Hat, 
whom afterwards I imderftood to be the Gunner, 
looked over the Side^ as I was coming up, and faid. 
Come up^ Mafter^ youjhall not he abufed. After I 
got in, the Captain up with his Cutlafh, as tho' 
he was going to cleave me down, and faid, Tou 
Dogj youy what was the Keafon you did not come on 
hoard when the Boat firji came ? IVhat do you think 
you d0 feme ? I anfwered. If I bad done amifs^ it was 
throu^ ignorance^ n^ndfor want of knowing better j 
and hoped that he would excufe this fny Faulty I not 
knowingwho or what they were. Then he rapped out 
an Oath, with a Damn yoUj you Dog, wbat^ or 
who do you think we are r I paufed a while, not 
well knowing what Anfwer to make, for fear 
of offending them again , for one difpleafing 
Word is as much as the beft Man in the World's 
Life is worth, while in their Clutches. How- 
ever^ after a little Paiife, I told him, / belie-ved 
they were Gentlemen of Fortune beloJiging to the Sea. 

At which he anf\vered and faid, Ton lie hy G ^ 

we are Pirates^ by G^ . Then I anfU'cred 

again, and faid, IVell^ Gentlemen^ how I know 
who you are^ but 7tot before^ and am forry I ha^e 
mt carried myfelf as I floould ^ but, as I had told 
them before, I faid. It was my Iffiorance^ newr 
halving been taken byfuch Gentlemen as they before^ 
and^ therefore^ did not know the Way of behaving 
myfelf to them^ as they might have expeSfed^ had I 
leen acquainted with their Ways or Cufioms j (tho* 

t j» 3 

1 had been once taken by Pirates before, cdifiing 
ftoih Newfoundland^ when I was a Youth, but I 
did not then think it proper to take notice of it to 
them, but the Revtrfei and thought it the fafHt 
Courfe at f>relcnt, to pretefid Ignorance, as the 
only Way to appeafe his unmerited, though dan- 
gerous and threatning Wrath.) So after he had 
hedored and bounced thus a \^hile, he asked me^ 
in a gaming Way, IH^y I hadnot ptit on my befi 
Chatbsy when J cams a ^fifing fucb Gentlemen as 
tbcy were ? I told him, i'bat that was the com^ 
nUm Drefs which I wore on Board my own Vejfel in 
a Mornings and did not know that IJhould have paid 
a Fifft to jiich GentUmen as they were^ when I 
drejfed myfelf. Befides^ when he called me to come 
en Board of him^ be threatned me fo^ that I came 
from on hoard my own Vejfel as it were in a Ftight^ 
that made me have but very little thought ^ dr 
Stbmdch either^ to change my prefent Drefs j but if 
he pleafcd to let me go on board the Sloops and grant 
me the Liberty^ it would not be too late yet^ to drefs 
myfelf in better Cloathi. No^ damn you^ faid he, 
now it is too late : IVhat Cloatbs we took you in^ 
youfhall keep : But your Sloops and what is in her^ 
is ours. I told him, / perceived it was^ but Jiill 
hoped^ as I wholly lay at his Mercy ^ he would be 
fo generous as to take only what they had Occajion 
for^ and leave me the reft. He anfwered. As to 
tbat^ he could fay nothing as yet^ that being a Com" 
pany-bujinefs to decide^ and withal demanded of 
me, an Account of every Thing that was on 
board of the Sloop, particularly of the Cargo, 
and what Money I had, or knew to be on board; 
and if I did not give a true and exaA Account, 
and difcover to him every Thing ; and if upon 
their Rummaging, they found the leaft Thing on 
board which I did not difcover, they would fet the 
Sloop on fire, and me in her. He added, That He 


had a full Account of what Cargo 1 brought out 
&om Bariadoes ^ and, therefore, if I had touch'd 
anywhere^, and difpofed of any of it, I muft not 
conceal the Moneys for if I did, I Ihould fdfethe 
worie. All the reft of the Johns that were 
ftanding by, in a feeming ftienoly Manner, told 
me, that it would be much better '^for me, to 
make a full and true Difcovery of every Things 
e&ecially of Moneys Arms, and Ammunition, 
which, 2U they faid, were the principal Things 
they fought after ^ for it was their Manner to 
puniih Liars and Concealers, efpecialiy of thofe 
Things they had now mention^, in a very fe- 
vere Manner. I told them, I would give them 
an Account qf every Thin^ on board, as exa<% 
as my Memory would fufier me, ivhich accord- 
lilgiy I then did 3 and withal told them. That if 
I Billed in giving them an exad: Account of 
every Things that it was not with a Defign to 
conceal any Thing from them, but meerty the 
Fault of my Memory, for which, if any hap- 
pened, I hoped they would excufe me, and not 
puniih me, as culpable for that, which was not 
a wilful or defigned Omi/fioii. But^ faid I, ;/ 
you pleafe^ Gentlemen^ to give me Liberty to go on 
hoatd of tb^ Sloop for my Papers^ and to perufi 
tbem^ Ijhall then he able to ginw you a very i^xa£t 
Inventory^ I tbink^ I may fay of every i'bing on 
hoards except what prdperly belonged to my Men. 
But Capuin Ru/fel told me No^ and as for my 
Papersy be wouid take Care of tbem^ and if any 
S^bing was found on boards more than I bad given 
an Account of^ I mufi ft and clear. 

All this while the Pirates were Rommaging 
on board the Sloop, which, when they had done« 
I fiippofe, as much as they thought fit, fbme of 
them came on board, with an Account of what 
ihey had found or feen there, which was nothing 

C J4 3 

more than what I had told them of bdbre, 
laving a Ring, and my filver Buckles, which 
really I had forgotten, otherwife 1 fbould have 
mentioned them : However, they were lb gene* 
rous as to keep them. 

By this Time the Priefts and the Blacks, raifr 
trufting how the Game went, were got a J>retty 
Way up the Rocks, in order to elcape into the 
Mountains, which the Pirates dblerving, Cajptain 
Kujfel asked me, If I knew who tbofe Pecjji^ 
were F I not knowing but the lame Queftioft 
might have been asked of Ibme of my recfplc^ 
and that, perhaps, they might have told thefiv 
and not being willing, and, indeed, I ma;y lay^^ 
not daring, to be caught in a Ly^ ingenuoufly 
told them the Truth, and laid, ^ey were the 
Priefts and fome Blacks with bim^ wba were Uf 
have gone with me to the Ifle of &il, if I b^ not 
tbus met with them. He then asked. What W9 
were to bave done at tbe Ijleof Sa\? Sol told ban 
the Occafion, and alfo of the Bargam which I 
had made with him on that Head. He laid, itbe 
Priefi would never fee bis Sloop more. I asked 
him. If be beard any tbing of ber ? He laid TeSy 
they had taken ber^ and their own Gangj that tbey 
bad put on board of ber^ ran away witb ber^ with 
a Boety of Eight hundred Pounds in Money^ befides 
other Goods h ^nd alio he laid. He bad an Account 
of me^ and what Cargo I brought out of Barba- 
does, and thatyin all Probability ^ I was then ar^ 
rived at St. Nicholas ; which Information^ and 
alfo that the Priefi and Governor of St. Nicholas 
had a pretty large Bag of Dollars ^ which each of 
them had hoarded up^ was the only Occafion of their 
coming here : otherwife^ if they bad not receiwd 
this Inj^rmation^ they were defigned to have gone 
direCfly from tbe Ifiand of Bona Vift, after they 


had cleaned and fitted their Vepls^ on their intends 
ed Enterprize. 

I told him, I could not imagine who could giie 
him that Information of me^ for that I bad hardly 
communicated my Defign of touching at tbefe IJlands 
to any^ that I thought was oi" could he liable to fall 
into their Hands^ except one Perfon. He told me, 
h was one that came out in.Cbmpany with me from 
Barbadoes ^ and to be Ihort, faid, it was Captain' 
Scot told themj and how that all the Sloop was bis^ 
and he had filled my Hold full of Sugar^ Rjum^ &c. 
and that he was fure Iwas^ hy this STsme^ arri'ved 
0t the IJland of iSSr. Nicholas; St. Antonia^ orfome 
flf the fyindward IJlands^ unlefs I was run ofuoay 
ioith his Shop and Cargo ; and likewife that he bai 
feen^ when he was lafl a trading at St. Ni- 
choias, both the Priefts and Governors Money^ 
whicby as be reported to them^ be was certain^ 
neither of them could have lefs than 1600, or 2000 
• Dollars apiece. S6 1 asked them, H(m it was with 
Captain Scot ? They told mc. He was but indif^ 
ferent yet^ they thought he was better than be de* 
ferved ^ and told me bow they bad burnt his Ship^ 
and that be had been put ajhore by them at Bona 
Vift, where they believed be at prcfent was. 

Kujfel ftill eyeing the Prieft and Blacks, asked 
inc. If I thought it was poffible to go ajhore and 
catch them ? I told him, / thought not. He 
asked me, IVhy ? For^ he had Men on board could 
out-^alk or out-^un them^ he was fure. I told 
him, / believed not ; for before bis Boat could put 
ajhore^ they would be got two or three Miles up i>u- 
to the Country^ and that the Way there was fo fteep 
and rocky ^ that I was fure his Men could not climb 
up^ much lefs pretend to catch them. He anfwer- 
ed, // did not fi^ify much 3 for he would have 
him, meaning the Prieft^ and fome more of tbem^ 
before this Tme to-morrow ; and iuked me, IVhicb 

D 2 W« 

9ts tie fuglt^ AMcbaring'flace to the 9vwnf. 
And alfb jran ^bicb ylmchorMf^lace was the. 
fmcetiei Path cr Read ttpto it ?1 tdd him, I did 
nt: hica: fcr certain ; neither was I anj'Ways acr^ 
^ifaintii on the Ifland^ hansing neuer been half a 
.Quarter cf a Mile up fnnn the Sea-fide^ on any 
Part of it. He laid, I might have heard from tha 
Jnbabftants. I told him^ / J^d hear fme of tba 
Inldbltants fay^ that the Rood of Par^heefi was 
the nigbeft Axcboring-flace to the 3own^ of all the 
Rxads idfout the I/land^ but what fort if Path^ 
ucy it was up to ^own^ I had not fo exactly in^ 
quired^ as to be able to fatisfy him in that. Well^ 
fays Kvffely we will go to Paragheefi ; and^ &ys he 
to mc, you fhall pilot us thither. I told him, / 
never bad been there ^ and did not know, but there 
tnigbt be funken Rocks in the Way ; andy therefore^ 
thoti^t myfelf n:ery unqualified to take Charge of 
the veffel thither s but^ I told him, there were, 
two Blacks on board the Sloops both Native's and 
Ftjhermen of tbatlfiand ^ and that one of them was 
my Pilots and m^t be^ as far as I knewj wry 
capable to pilot their Veffel into the Road ^ ot^ 
perhaps^ might difcover to them fome more emiye-' 
nient Place to anchor or land at. Upon this, he 
{wore and damn'd, faying, IVhat ! do you think 
J wilt let a Negro pilot me ? No^ no s but fwore 
Jfhould pilot the Vejfel into an Anchor ing^lace^ and 
fiand clear if the kaft Accident happened to bet. I 
told him, / would do as well as I could^ and that I 
had acquainted him already of my little Knowledge of 
jtbe Ijland. IVell^ fays he, do as well as you can : 
Do as you would do^ was it your own Veffel. I 
told him / would : IVell^ faid he, we defire you 
to do no more 3 and immediately he gave Orders 
to make the beft of* our Way down to Para-^ 
ftheefi^ which accordingly was done ; and the Pi- 
'Ijtes on board my Sloop flipped the Cable, be- 



E 37 ] 

caufe they would not take the Pains to welsh the 
Anchor^ and fb, through Sloth and Lazinels, left* 
a good Cable and Anchor behind. 

All this Tiine^ the other two Ships lay too in 
the OflSng, but as fbon us they {aw us make fail 
down to Leeward, the Kofe Pink^ having 36 Guns 
mounted, commanded by Edward Loe^ who was 
then Conunodore of them, edged in towards us, 
upon which we edged ofF towards him, and (poke 
with him, and Kujfel gave him an Account of 
what had palled, and of his Defign of landing 
tthat Evening upon the Ifland of St. Nicholas^ in 
order to take the Prieft and Governor, if he ap- 
proved of their RdK>lution. Which the Commo- 
dore faid he did, and immediately ordered his 
great Launch to be mann'd, and (fent (bme more 
of his Ship's Company to join and reinferce the 
Scooner's Crew, and to go afliore with them in 
the Expedition ; which was accordingly done. 

Then we haled in for the Shore again, and 
when we were got the Length of Porto Lappa^ 
which is a Road, or Bay, lying about Mid- 
way, or a little more, between Currifal and Pa- 
ragbeefi ; one of the Scooner's Company raps 
out a great Oath, That that was the befi Place 
to land at^ and the nigbefi to the Town ^ upon 
which Capuin Kuffel^ whom I underftood then 
to be, not only Captain of the Scooner, but alio 
Quarter-Mafter-General of all the Companies, 
asked me. If it was as the Fellow faid ^ I told 
him, / could not tell > it might be Jo as far as I 
knew i for all the Knowledge I bad as to tbat^ was 
only by tbe Relation of the Inhabitants^ and tbere^ 
fore could not be certain myfelf^ not knowing but 
they might deceive me in tbe Relations they made 
we. 'Hie Fellow Iwore, That he knew tbe Place 
perfedly well 5 and that be bad landed there be* 
fpre^ and was acquainted with tbe Way up to the 

D 3 • ^()iPliX 

9own : Upon which. Captain Ruffel ordered to 
bftand in tor the Bay of Porto Lappa^ and lik<ewife 
direded the Gang, that was to go aihore, to 
have their Arms niady, and every Man to pre* 
pare fb many Rounds of Cartridges, both for 
Fiftols and Pieces, and to be in a Readinels to 
cmbarque in the Boats, as fbon as we fhould be 
got nigh enough to the Land. When we cam? 
within about half a League of the Shore, the 
Boats were maim'd by Kuffef$ Order, who 
alio went afhore, and headed them, to the Nunl* 
ber of 35, befides thofe which went in the Boats 
to bring them off again. We were ordered by 
Kuffely as fbon as the Boats were put off, to make 
the beft of our Way down to Paragbeefi^ and 
come to an Anchor, and ftay there till farther 
Orders, and the Boats were to follow us down to 
the Bay, after they had landed the Men at Porto 

All this was accordingly perfbrmM, and we 
caft Anchor in the Old Koad^ where I had an- 
chored before in the Sloop •" and the Boats, after 
they had landed the Men, alfo came down, and 
got' on board of us about 6 a-Clock that Evening; 
the two Ships keeping plying ofi^ and on, open 
with where we lay. 

Here we rid all Night, during which, the 
Commodore kept out a Light, as we alfb did to 
aniwer him ^ and next Day Captain Kujfelj with 
all his Company, came down to Paragbeeji^ and 
brought with them as Prifbncrs, the Prieft, and 
the old Governor's Son, with five or fix Men- 
blacks y and upon their haling the Scooner, the 
Boats were mann'd and fent aibore for them, 
and they were all brought off together. It was 
about one a-Clock in the Afternoon when th^ 
came on board, and immediately, we weighed, 
and ftood off to the Ships, which were thai ly« 

• inz 


ing too in the Offing ; and when we were come 

within Call of the Q)mmodore, he haled us, and 

asked. How all fared? Aid what Luck? And was 

anfwcrcd by Ruffelj 3'bat be would wait on bim on 

hardj andgirue bim a full and particular Account. 

Accordingly the Launch was forthwith manned, 

4nd the Men lent from the Conunodore, to join 

the Scooners Men, for the Shore Expedition, 

vrere ordered to embarque in her, to go on board 

their own Ship ; which being done, I was order* 

cd al/b to get into her, to prefent myfeli^ and 

pay my R^eds to the great Captain Loe^ their 

Commodore : Accordingly I went into the 

launch, and Kuffel followed us in his own Boat, 

with the Prieft, and the other Prifoners, which 

they had brought off the Ifland of St. Nicbolas. 

When I came on board the Rofe Pink^ the 
Company welcomed me on board, and faid, I'hey 
were forry for my Lofs ; hut told me^ I muft go to 
pay my KefpeSts to tbe Captain^ wbo was in the 
Cahbin^ and waited for me. I was ufliercd in by 
an Officer, who, I think, was their Gunner, and 
who, by his Deportment, afted as though he had 
been Mafter of the Ceremonies 3 tho* I do not 
remember to have heard of iuch an Officer or 
Office mentioned among them, neither do I 
know whether they are always {o formal on Board 
their Commodore, at the firft Reception of their 
captivated Mafters of Veflels. When I came 
into the Cabbin, the Officer who conduded mc 
thither, after paying his Refpeds to the Commo- 
dore, told him, Uhat I was the Mafter of the- 
Sloop which they had taken the Day before^ and 
then withdrew out of the Cabbin, leaving us 
two alone. 

Captain Loe^ with the ufual Compliment, wel- 
comed me on board, and told me. He was wry 
forryfor my hofs^ and that it was not his Defire to 

D 4 ^'^^^^ 

[4°] ■ 

tneef with any of his Country-men^ hut rather with 
Foreigners^ excepting fome few that he wanted to 
cbaftifefor their Kogueifhnefs^ as he call'd it: But 
however^ fays he, fince Fortune has ordered H foj 
that you have fallen into our Hands j I would have 
you to be of good Cheer ^ and not to be cafi down. 
I told him, S'hat J alfo was very forry^ that it 
was my Chance to fall into their JVay ; but ft ill en^ 
couraged myfelf in the Hopes ^ that I was in the 
Hands of Gentlemen of Honour and Generofity ; #^ 
heingftill in their Power whether to make this their 
Capture of me^ a Misfortune or not. He iaid, R 
did not lie in bis particular Power ^ for he was but 
one Man^ and all Bufinefs of this Nature ^ muft be 
done in Puhlick^ and by a Majority of Votes by the 
whole Company ^ and though neither he^ nor^ be 
helievedj any of the Company^ defired to meet with 
any of their ^ own Nation (except fome few Perfons 
for the Reafons before-mentiot^d) yet when they did^ 
it could not well be avoided^ but that they muft take 
as their own what Providence fent them : And as 
they were Gentlemen^ who entirely depended upon 
Fortune^ they durft not be fo ungrateful to her^ as 
to refufe any y*hing which Jhe put into their Way ; 
for if theyjhould defpife any of her Favours^ the* 
never fo mean^ they might offend ber^ and thereby 
caufe her to withdraw her Hand from them i and 
. fo^ perhaps^ they might perijh for want of thofe 
^hingSy which in their rajh Folly they jlighted. 
He men, in a very obliging Tone, defired me 
to fit down, he himfelf all this Time not once 
moving from his Seat, which was one of the 
great Guns, though there were Chairs enough in 
the Cabbin ; but I fiippofe, he thought he (hould 
not appear fb martial, or Hero-like^ if he lat on 
a Chair, as he did on a great Gun. 

After I had lat down, he asked me^ IVhat I 
would drink ? I thank'd him, and told him^ I did 


C 41 ] 

not much Care for drinking ^ hut out of a Senfe of 
the Honour he did me in askings I would drink any 
S^bing with him which he f leafed to drink. He 
told me. It would not avail me any fhing to he caft 
down : It was Fortune of Ifdr^ and grieving or 
njexing myfelf^ might he of no good Confequence in 
refpeB to my Health ^ hejides^ it would be more 
takings he iaid, with the Company^ to appear brisk, 
lively, and with as little Concern as I could. And 
come, fays he, you may, atui I hope you will, have 
hetter Fortune hereafter. So ringing the Cabbin- 
bell, and one of his Valet de Chambres, or rather 
Valet de Cabins, appearing, he commanded him 
to make a Bowl of Punch, in the great Bowl^ 
which was a rich filver one, and held, I believe, 
about two Gallons ^ which being done, 'he order- 
ed likewife fbme Wine to be itt on the Table, 
and accordingly two Bottles of Claret were 
brought ; and then he took the Bowl and drank 
to me in Punch ^ but bid me pledge him in which 
I liked beft , which I did in Wine. He told me, 
^iat what he could favour me in, he would, and 
wifhed that it bad been my Fortune to have been 
taken by them ten Days or a Fortnight fooner ; for 
then, he faid, they had abundance of good Commodi' 
ties, which they took in z Portugueze ouiwardrhouni 
Brafile Msn, viz. Cloth, as well Linens as U^ool- 
lens, both fine andcoarfe. Hats of all forts, Stlk, 
Iron, and other rich Goods in abundance, and be- 
lieved, he could have prevailed with the Company 
even to have loaded my Sloop. But now they had 
m Goods at all, he believed, having difpofed of 
them all, either by giving them to other Prizes, &c. 
or heaving the reji into David Jones's JLocker (i.e. 
the Sea) ; hut did not know, but it might be his 
Lot, perhaps, to meet with me again, when it 
might lie in his Way to make me a Ketaliation for 
my prefent Lofs , and he did ajfure me, that when 



fuch an OccafiMj as he was hut now ^ff^aiing tf^ 
offered^ I might defend he would not he wanting to 
ferve me in any i'hing that might tum to mj Ai^ 
vantage J as far as his Power or Intereft could 
reach. I coiUd do no lefi, in ccmimon Civility, 
and the Truth is, I dared do no lefi, than thank 

Dy this Time, word was broi^ht into Ac 
Cabbin, that the Qiiarter^Mafter-Ckneral Kuffet 
was come on board, with thePrieft and the oditr 
Friibners, which they had brought o£f from the 
Ifland of St. Nicholas. Captain Loe ordered Cap- 
tain Rjiffely the Frieft, and the Governor's Son of 
St. Nicholas^ to be cdled into the great CabbiQ, 
and accordingly they came, and the Cabbin was 
immediately fiU'd with Officers, and fbme others 
of the principal Firates, who, I fiippofe, by their 
long ftanding, or their Adivity in Villainy, had 
iignaliz'd themfelves for Principals of the Crew 5 
out of whom, as Occafion &rved, they alio 
choie their Officers, i^c. The Cabbin having 
been thi's filled, Loe^ after Compliments palled, 
bid KuJlfel and the Frifbners fit down, and then 
asked Kujfel, IVbat News ? And how the Game 
went ? Upon which, Rajfel began his Relation, 
in thefe Words, as near as I can remember. 

^ According to our laft Agreement in Gmiul* 
^ tation, fays he, we landed with 35 Men, on 
' the Ifland of St. Nicholas^ Yefterday in the Af^ 
^ temoon, as fbon as poffibly we could after 

* the taking the Sloop, and putting Things in 

* fiich Order as was proper ; and immediately 
^ after our landing, we apprehended two Blacks 
^ of the Natives, who were come down to know 
^ who we were, and what Account we were up- 
^ on, that they might go and acquaint the Go- 

* vernor of us, as they faid. But we retarded 
' their Journey, by making them our Guides, to 

C 45 3 ' 

direft and (hew us the Way to the Town ; and 
it was well we happened to meet them, for 
Night coming on, we ftiould never have tound 
the Way ; and befides, if we had, we fhould 
not have been able, in the Dark, to know whc^ 
tiier we were going right or wrong, the Way 
being, moreover,, very rocky, ftony , and there 
being fome very fteep, as well as high Aicents 
and Defcencs ^ fo that if we had hot had a 
Guide^ we fhould have been fo difcouraged, as 
to defer our Journey till the lucceeding Day, 
which would have balKed us ; for if we had 
not got up to Town laft Night, before we were 
difcovered, the Rumour otour coming, would, 
I believe, have frightened all the Inhabitants 
out of the Town, and cauied them to fly to 
the Mountains, and then we fhould have thought 
that there was a Booty, but that our being dif^ 
covered, gave them an Opportunity of con-* 
veying it away. But by our taking thofe Men, 
we prevented any Rumour or Notice of our 
coming, and fo were affured there was no Booty 
there, but what we found. We got to Town 
about 9 a-CIock at Night, and, by Eftimation, 
from the Place of our landing to the Town, 
was about 12 Miles. We went diredtly to the 
Governor's Houfe, and having fet a Guard 
there, to prevent any Body's going out, or in, 
that there might be no Opportunity of con- 
veying any Thing out of the Houle, I took 
fome Hands with me, and went to the Prieft*s 
Houfe, whom we found not to have been long 
come home, from Currifal^ and had not the 
lead Thought of our {o fudden Arrival here, 
believing it was impoflible that we could reach 
the Town till the Day following, if we were 
defigned to come up , neither had he any No- 
tice of our Arrival before, till his own Eyes 

cotvftivxv di 


amfirm'd it. But, however, he did not (eem to 
be macfa iiirpriz'd. I fet a Gnard, to prevent 
any Thii^ being co nv e y ed out ; andtfaePri^ 
ordered ioch ViAoak as he had, to be iet on 
the TaUe, and ^^ne enough, and told me, 
fbdibt amid wet emeriam us at fucb an unfea^ 
female 9ime rf Klgtt as be mouldy andbapedwe 
mmld excufe bim far not being better primdedy 
and taka tbe IflU for tbe Deed s adding, fhat to 
fnfb as vce fi^nndj ve were 'very welcome^ wijhhig 
it bad been better ^ but if we tarried till next 
Dajj he laid, we Jbtmld be fufphed plentifully j 
witb whatever tbe IJland afforded. Upon which 
I thank'd him, and told him, I came of an Er- 
randj and mn/t perform it^ wbicb was^ S'bat we 
bad apofitive bformation^ from ^ery good Hands^ 
wbo tad been Eje^witneffes. that be^ as alfo tbe 
Gofcemor^ bad good Store of Dollars^ as well as 
Gold boarded upj and that we were come to 
jhare it with tbem^ it being one great Branch of 
«inr Strode not to let Money lie rufting and canker- 
ing in eld B^s or Cbefisy but to make it move 
and cireMJjte, whenever we could come at it. At 
vrhich, the Prieft, without any apparent Con- 
cern, replied, ^at whoever gave us that Infor- 
mszicSj gave a falfe one^ as any one might eafily 
c:mcirve^iftley tut gave tbemfehjcs leave to con- 
pdit t^w unlikely^ nay^ he might very well fay y 
"i«s7SpjV it wxc, to get Money in tbofe barren^ un- 
cuhhxGtJ and connuercelefs Jjlands. I told him, 
Iwss JUrercfbut two Senfes that could give me 
AcwfAV.YJi wtetber the hifortnation was falfe^ 
cr :xbM U «v^ faid was trtie^ which were Seeing 
and ft^ii»- He laid, / was welcome to make 
ft f .f th^f Senfes to my Satisfaiiion, wbicb I ara 
y«r^/lWhe, wilt then fully confirm the ^rutb 
^^ fgbngi I bow faid j and immediately ordered 
liCax-cuidles, C^hey having no other there, and 

* them 

C 45 3 

them only for the Ufe of the Church, being all 
coit^ated^ and fent thither by the Bilhop of 
St. J^g(>r ^hofe Bufinefs it is to fend confecra- 
fxA Candies, Oil, ^c. for the Ufe of the Church, 
to all the adjacent Iflands) to be lighted ; and 
we fearchcd all the Houfe, Chefb, Trunks, and 
every where throughout and about the Houfe, 
and found nothing worth mking, and only 
about twenty Dollars in Mon^, which 1 did 
n6t think it worth our while to take from him^ 
From thence I went to the Governor's Houfe, 
and fearch'd there as narrowly as we could, 
and found lefs there 3 after which I difpofed 
of my Men as 1 thought moil: convenient 
&r tne repofing and refirefhing them after 
their fatiguing Journey, but yet with a due 
Regard withal to our own Security, by fetting 
a Guard, and ordering the reft to repofe as 
as well as they could, and not one of them to 
offer to flir out of the Governor's Houfe ; and 
withal giving them a ftridfc Charge to be ready 
with their Arms at all Calls, and at a Moment s 
Warning, and not one of them to unarm, or 
unfling his Piftofs : Which was accordingly ve- 
ry regularly and orderly performed ^ and next 
Morning we concluded, that not having lighted 
on the Booty according to Information giveni^ 
or rather the Information being falfe, no fuch 

Booty being there, we had therefore agreed to 
feize and bring on Board the Governor, Prieft, 
and four or five belides, of the principal Inha-** 
bitants for your more ample Satisfadtion. 

Captain Loe fitting as demure and attentive all 
the while, as a Judge upon the Bench, of a fiid- 
den ftarted, as it were, out of a deep Study, 
and interrupting Kujfel in his Story, faid, Z — ds^ 
what Satisfadion is this to tne or the Company r 
jye did not want tbefe F^llrjcs^ d — n them s No^ wff.^ 

ivahud their Money, if they had any ^ and if not j 

they might have ft a/ d ajbore, or rone to the Den)it 

where they belong to, fo we had oad the Money i 

To this RuJlfel replied in a fomething' more ftem 

Tone, and feidj Captain Loe, we bad as much 

Reafon for, and Jntereft in, getting the Money, if 

there had been any, as you had, or any of thi Qom-^ 

pany could haw, and we did as tnucb as could be 

done to find it i neither do I believe they banje any 

wore than what we faw, and which,, bad Jt taken 

it, would not have amounted to Si9Cpence apiece 

when Jhar^d among the Company, and^twas not worth 

having our Name called in ^^eftion forfucb an in^ 

fignificant trifle. For my part, J am for fomething 

toat is worth taking, arid if I cannot light witB 

fuch, I never will give the World Occafion to fay I 

am a poor, pitiful, or mem-fpirited FelUw : No, 1 

will rob for fomething of VMlue, or elfe will not rob 

sft all, efpecially from thefe People among whom we 

nay reckon one of our Places of Refuge in cafe any 

of usjhould be jeparated from the Company, or the 

Company break, &c. and therefore / boldly affirm^ 

that by drawing on us an Odium from thefe People 

for a Jrifie^ mtffft be of pernicious Confequence to us, 

and more efpecially, if any of us fhould be put to 

fuch Extremities as might happen^: For this, faid 

he, would by all Men be accounted a narrow-foul^ d^ 

mean-fpirited Folly, and we Jhould, to all Futurity, 

he cursed by our own Fraternity as often as any of 

them werepincFd with the Effe^s, which wiould he 

very likely to follow fuch an Overfigbt. 

Hereupon Captain Loe interrupting him, re- 
plvM, ^at what he faid was very true, and car-* 
ry d abundance of Senfe and Reafon with it, and 
defired that he would proceed no farther on that 
Head ; adding, ^at he was fatisfied in what he did, 
and believed that there was neither want of Judg- 
ment or Courage in the Management ofit^ but withal 


defired that he would proceed to finifh theHiftory 
of tus Expedition, But come^ fays he, letus dontn 
thing rajhiy ; and fb fills a Bumper, and gave his 
Service to^Captain Kuffel^ and wiihing me better 
Succefs for the ftiture ; I chank'dium, and fb the 
Cup was ordei^d to pa^ round with a hill Bumper 
to every one, except me, who alone was permit- 
ted to drink Wine. >• 

After every one had drank round. Captain 
Jiulfel reiUTumed his Tale, and proceeded thus : 
^Captain Loe^ as I told you before, how that 
we had refblved to bring the Prieft, the Go- 
vemor,and four or five Blacks on Board,to fatis- 
fie you and the Company, that it was npt Fear 
nor Cowardife that deterr'd us from obtaining 
the Booty, which we and you expefted to find j 
fb, biurfuant to our Refblution, I fent fer the 
PriCT: to come to me at the]Govemor*s Houfe ; 
but the Perfbn I fent, found that he was fled 
away in the Night, with all his Slaves, faving 
an old, lame Woman, who told them this. 
Hereupon 1 told the Governor, who was a very 
ancient Negro, If he did not caufe the Prieft to 
he brought to me in two Hours time^ it Jhould be 
the worfe for the Inhabitants of the I/land. The 
Governor anfwer'd, ^hat he much feard it was 
impojpble to bring him in^ by reafon he heard that 
he wasfledy with fotne of his Slaves^ to the Moun* 
tains^ and that it was *very eafy for him to r^- 
main there feveral Months^ notwithftanding all 
the Me aiis, which he could poffibly ufe to dijcover 
him. He gave an Inftance of this in. one of the 
Prieft's Slaves, who formerly had run away 
from his Matter, and notwithftanding the Prieft; 
ufed all manner of Diligence to apprehend 
him, (and that he could do more that Way 
than any one) yet that Slave was undifcover'd 
for near twelve Months, and by moft People 


thought to be dead : The Governor added 
That the fame Slave being wiCh him now$ he 
had) no doubt, thoroughly aoquainted his M^- 
fter with all the Caverns, Caves, and other 
Places of Secrecy. Upon which I told him. If be 
did not bring him^ or caufi him to be brought and 
delivered to fM in three Hours tinte at farthefi^ I 
would^ as foon at that lime was expired^ burtt ' 
the^awn down to AJbes : He anfwer'd. He lay 
at my Mercy ^ and would ufe all Diligence tofind^ 
and taufe him^ if poffible^ to be delivet'd to me 
within the time timited ; but hop^dy that after 
he had ujed his utmofi Endeavour ^ if it fbouH 
prow fruitlefsj that I would be more confidcrate 
than to make the Innocent fuff6r for the Fault of 
the Guilty. I told him, I'he ^tme was fet^ and 
I would not defer burning the Tvwn down to the 
Ground^ one Minute after that lime was expired^ 
if the Prieft was not delivered into my Hands. 
Then he told mfe. He hop'd 'H^e would not kilt 
him^ nor abufe him in his Perfon t As for our 
Goodsy lays he, them we leave wholly to your 
Mercy. I told him, iThe Prieft fhould not be 
hurt in his Bodju if he came andfurrenderd him^ 
felf within the utme limited^ and behaved himfelf 
like a Man. The Governor ffent immediately 
feveral Parties of his Blacks in queft of the 
Prieft i and in the mean time I ordered him to 
kill an Ox, and drefs it as fbdn as he could, 
for my Men, and alio to get a Pipe of Wine, 
and fet it abroach, which he accordingly did. 
In about two Hours, fbme of the Blacks who 
had been fent out by the Governor in queft of 
the Prieft, returned, and brought word. That 
they had found the Prieft, and fecur'd hini 
from efcaping ; but he had fent them to deiire 
the Governor to pray me not to be angry, and 
heartily to beg my Pardon, being very ibrry 

^ that 


that he had given me lb much Trouble, and in 
Affiance on my Goodnefi, he would wait upon 
me, and caft nimfelf entitcly upon my Mercy. 
I told the Governoi*, he might come without 
Fear, for he fhould not be abufed j upon which 
he came, aiid very fubmiffively ask'd my Par- 
don, and hop'd I would not be angry for liis be- 
ing fb rude, after I and our Company had be- 
hav jd our felves fb civilly s repenting that he 
fhould be fb fbolifti as to fheak aW^ fb, And 
abfcond. having no Reafbn, as he believed, to 
do fb, but his oWn groundlefs Apprehenfions ; 
adding. That he was perfwaded to it, or elfe 
he fhould not have done it of himfelf neither. 
I bid him not be afraid, we would riot hiirt him, 
but told him, he had like to have hurt th6 
whole Ifland by his unadviled Rafhnefs i for 
if he had not come as he did, 1 was refblv'd, as 
fbori as my Men had got their Viftuals, to 
have burn'd the Town down to Afhes, Chui*ch 
and all. He faid. He thanked God that he was^ he 
bop^d^ come 'fime enough to fct've it^ and thanltd 
me for my Clem&itcy in deferring it fo long. I 
fold him. It was very well, and bid him fie 
down, which he did, and fent to his Houfe fbi* 
Wine, Fowls, and an Anchor of Rum, which 
were brought, and we made our felves very 
merfy, eat and drank heaftily, kept Open 
H6ufe, and treated all the Natives that came 
to us ; the grdateft Part having taken Ex* 
ample by the Prieft, Ifuppofe, arid fled out 
to the Mountains for fear of us, tho' my De* 
figrt was not to hurt any of them, while they 
continued civil. 

* After we had cateri and drank, irid fuffieient* 
ly fefrefhed ourffelves, I told the Prieft and 
Governor, ^hai they and fix more whom IJJyould 
ohoofe^ muft go oft Board the Qommadore. The 

C JO ] 

^ Pricft fecm^d to be much furprizcd at this Nfew^fy 
^ and told me, Sfhat he hoped we would not carrf* 
^ them quite away from the Ifland^ nor make Slaved 

* of them. Upon which I told him, / was a Ro-^ 
^ man-CathoUck as well as he ^ neither Jhould there 

* he any Harm done to him^ nor any of them that 

* w^nt with him ^ and that they Jhould only go on 

* Board the Commadofe, and fatisfi^ him that the 

* Information which he had of their having fo much 

* Money yW as falfe. At which he feem'^d to be very 
^ well contented, and accordingly we came dowtf 

* and got on Board. And now here they are, da 
^ you with them as you pleaie. ** 

Captain Kujfel having thus ended his Relationf^ 
Captain Loe Uid, He had done 'very well^ ana 
ask'd the Prieft feveral Queftions, after which, he 
direded them to be put on Board the Scooner, and 
from her, to be put afliore ^ but I was ordered to 
remain on Board the Commadore till by a gene- 
, tal Vote of the Company it IhouW be determined 
how I and the Sloop were to be difposM of i and 
Captain Loe ordered a Hanunock and Bedding 
to be fix'^d for me, and told me, Slbat he would 
not oblige me to Jit up later than I thought Jit^ nor 
drink more than/uited my own Inclination ; and thap 
he lilCdmy Company no longer than his was agreeahlt 
to me*j adding, ^at there Jhould he no Confine^ 
tnent or Obligation as to drinking^ or Jitting upy huP 
J might drinky and go tojleep, when 1 pleas d, witb'^ 
wt any Exceptions being taken^ ordering me to want 
for nothing that was on Board hfor I was wry wel* 
€otne to any thing that was there ^ as to Eatables and 
JDrinkables. I thank'd him, and told him, / would, 
with all due Gratefulnefs^ make Ufe of that Freedm 
which he was fo generous to offer me^ &c. About 
iiSight a-Clock at Night I took my Leave of him^ 
and went to my Ha^nmcck, where I contiimed 
aU Night) with Xhw^t^ rQving and perpl^x'd 

* ** toough^ 


Chough, hot teing able, as yet, to guefi what 
they dcfign'd to do with me, whether they in- 
. tended to give me the Sloop again, or to bum 
her, as I heard it tofs'd about by fbme, or ta 
keep me as a Fififbner oil Board, or put mse 

My two Boys and Mate iremained ftill oH 
Board the Sloop, but all the reft they took on 
Soard of them, not once {6 much as asking them 
whether they would Enter with them, only de- 
manding their Name3, which the Steward writ 
down in their RoU-^Book* 

About eight a-Clock in the Morning I turn'd 
dut, and went upon Deck, aiid as I was walkiiig 
backwards and forwards, as is ufual amongft us 
Sailors, there came up one of the Company to 
Ine^ and bid me Good-Morrow, and told me, IIm 
wus wry forty for my Misfortune. I ai]lwer'd^ 
So was li He looked at me, and faid, Hehe^^ 
tien)d I did not know him. I replied, h wdstrue^ 
I did riot knbw him i neither^ at prefent^ could I call 
to mind, that e*ver I had feen him before in the whole 
Courfe 6f my Life. He fmil.d, aiid laid. He once 
belong d to me^ and failed with me when I was 
Commander bf the Sufannali in the Tear 171 8 (At 
that Time I was Matter of a Ship call'd the Su-^ 
fannahj about the Burthen of 300 Tons, where* 
of was lole Owner Mr. Richard Stephens^ Mer-» 
chantj living at this prefcnt writing in Shad'- 
Slbames^ Southwark Side, near L(?»rfo» --i-.) In 
the interim came up two more, who told me 
they all belonged to me in the Sufannah^ at one 
Timei By this time I had recoUeded my Mc*. 
mory fo fer as juft to call themto,Mind^ aijd that 
Was all ^ and then I told them I did remember 
them. They laid, they were truly very lorry for 
my Misfortune, and would do all that lay in thcit 
power to lerve me, and told me, they had among 

E 2 t^^ 

C 50 

them the Quantity of about 40 6r 50 Pieces of 
white Liniien Cloth, and 6 or 8 Pieces of Silk, 
befidcs fbme other Things ; and they would allb^ 
they laid, make what Intereft they coxild for mc 
wirn their Confbrts and Intimates, and with 
them would make a Gathering for me of what 
Things thev could, and would put it on Board 
for me as foon as the Compaily had determined 
that I ihould have my Sl6op again. They 
then look'd ab6ut them as tho they had fbme- 
thing to fay that they were not willing any body 
ihould hear 5 but as it happened, there was na 
body nigh us, which was an Opportunity very 
rare in thefe Sort of Ships, of Ipeajcing with- 
out Interruption : But we lying too all Night, 
no body had any thing to do, but the Lookers-* 
out, at the Topmaft-head^ the Mate of the 
Watch, Quarter-mafter of the Watch, Helmf* 
man, Wr. oeing gone down to drink a Dram, I 
fuppofe, or to fmoak a Pipe of Tobacco, or 
the like. However it was, we had the Quarter 
Deck intire to our felves, and they feeing the 
Coaft dear, told me, with much feeming G)ncem, 
That if I did not take abundance of Care, they 
would force mc to ftay with them, for m^ Mate 
had inferm'd thenu tha^ I was very well acquaint- 
ed on the Coaft of Brafihy and they were bound 
down along the Coaft of Guinea^ and afterwards 
defign'd to fbrctch over to the Coaft of Bra^ 
fik : That there was not one Man of all the 
Company that had ever been upon any Part 
of that Coallb^ and that there was but one Way 
for me to efcape being forced i but I mvSt be 
very clofe, and not difcover what they were 

King to tell me 5 for if it was known that they 
d divulgM it, notwithffamding they were en- 
tered Men, and as much of the Company as any 
cf than, yet they were lore it would odBt them 


no fnialli»r a Price for it than their Lives. I told 
them, I was very much obliged to them for their 
Good-will, and did not wim *them to have any 
Occafion for my Service s but if ever it (hould 
be fb, they might depend it ftiould be to the utmoft 
of my Power j and as for my betraying any thing 
that they Ihould tell me of, theycould not fear 
that, becaufe my own Intereft would be a fufEci- 
ent Tye upon me to the contrary ; and were it 
not foj and that I was fure to get Mountains of 
Gold by divulging it to their Prejudice, I would 
feoner fiiffer my Tongue to be pluck'd out. 

They faid, they did not much fear my reveal- 
ing it, becaufe the difclofing it would rather be 
a Prejudice to me than an Advantage, and there- 
fere out of pure Refpe6k to me they would tell 
me 'y which was thus i^Tou muft know^ faid they, 
that we have an Article which we are [worn to^ 
^hich is^ not to force any married Man^ againfi his 
IVilly to ferve us : Now we have been at a clofe 
donfultation whether we Jhould oblige you to go with 
ifs^ not as one of the Company , but as a forced Pri^ 
fmerj in order to he our Pilot on the Coaji of Bra- 
file, where we are dejtgned to Cruife^ and hope to 
wake our Voyage 3 and your Mate^ continued they, 
has offer'* d to Enter with usy but de fires to defer it 
till we have determined your Cafe. Now your Mate^ 
as yet ^ is ignorant of our Articles^ ^me^never je^po^ 
fing them to any till they are going to fign them. He 
was ask^d^ IVhether. you was married or not ? and 
he faid^ be could not tell for certain^ but believed 
you was not : Upon which we fpoke^ and faid^ we 
had known you fever al Tears, and had failed with 
you in a Frigate-built Ship of 300 ^ons, or more : 
9*hat you was an extraordinary good Alan to your 
Men, both for Ufage and Payment ; a^td that, to 
our Knowledge, you was married, and htrd four 
'Children then : However, there i«. ow^ Afo« '^ho 

£3 njcwU 


Wouidfain h'dve the Company break thnugh theh 
Oath on that Article^ and tells them, they may^ and 
ought to do it^ becatife it is a Cafe of Necejpty^ they 
having no Pojfibility of getting a Pilot at prefentfor 
tbatQ)afty except they take you ; And in their Bjin n^ 
long the Coaji of Guinea, // theyjbould light of awf 
body that was acquainted with the doafi e?/ Brafile^ 
and no way exempted from ferving them by the Ar^* 
ticlesj then they might take him^ and turn you a* 
Jhore^ but ^till fucb offer% he- did not fee but the 
Oath might bedifpens^dwith ; but ^continued thcyj 
Captain Loe is very much agait^ ity and told them^ 
Sf'hat it would be an ill Precedent y and of bad Con^ 
fequence 3 for if we once take the Liberty qf 
breaking our Articles and Oath^ then there is none 
of us can be fur^ of any thing : If^ faid Captaiii 
LoCy you can perfwade the 2mn upon any Sterms fa 
Jiay with us as a Prifoner^ or otherwife^ well and 

food i ifnoty do not let us break the Laws that «;# 
ave made our felves^ and fwom td. They went 
on, and told me, S^'bat moft of the Company feem'4 
to agree with Captain Loe*5 Opinion^ but Ruflel^j 
laid they, feem^d to be fadly nettled at it^ that hiSt 
Adn)ice was not to be taken ; and^ continued they, 
you will bf asKd the ^eftion^ we reckon^ by and 
hy^ when Ruilel comes on Boards and all the Heads; 
meet again ; but you inufl be fure to fay you arp 
■married^ and have Jive or fix Q)ildren ^ for it is 
Wly thaty that will prevent your being forced; tho^^ 
you may depend upon it^ KxxiXkl will do what he can 
to perfwade the Company to h^ak the Article^ 
which we hope they will not^ nor Jball they even 
iave our Confeut ; andy indeed^ there are very fna 
ef the Company but what are againfi itj but Ruflel 
kearj a great Smay in the Company j -^nd can ah 
poft draw them any If ay. However^ we have put 
jfou in the beft Method that we can^ and hope if wU 
4a : But^ for fear Notice Jhould be taken of murker 


^& fi ^^ together^ we ba^e told ytm ns much itr 
'^ve cany and have you to manage it 3 and fo God 

Upon this, away they went, and by-and-by 
Captain Loe turns out, and comes upon Deck, and 
bidding me Good-morrow, ask'd me, id&x I did? 
Md how I lik^d my Bed ? I thanked him, and told 
him, / was very well^ at his Service^ and lilCd 
fny Bed very well^ and was very much obliged to 
him for the Care he had taken of me. After whichj 
he ordered a G)nfultation Signal to b« made, 
which was their Green trumpeter ^ as they called 
him, hoifted at the Mizen-Peek : It was a green 
filk Flag, with a yellow Figure of a Maa blow- 
ing a Trumpet on it. The Signal being made, 
^way came the Boats flocking on Board the Com-* 
madore, and when they were all come on Board, 
Captain Loe told them. He only wanted them to 
Break&ft with him j fo down they went into 
the Cabbin, as many as it would well hold, and 
the reft in the Steerage, and where they could. 

After Breakfaft, Captain Loe ask*d mc. If I 
was itMrried ? and bow many Children I bad ? I 
told him, / had been married about ten Tears ^ and 
had five Children when I came from Hoine^ and did 
not know hut I might have fix noWy one being ofi 
the Stocks when I came from Home. He asked me. 
Whether I bad left my Wife well provided for^ 
when I came from Home ? I told him, / bad 
kft her in but very indifferent Circumftances : 
S'hat having met with former Misfartunef^ I was 
fo low redu^dj that the greateft Part of my Sub-- 
fiance was in this Sloop and Cargo ^ and thaty if J 
was put by this Jrip, J did not know but my Fa^ 
mily might want Bread before Icouldfupply them. 

Loe then turning to Rujfel^ laid. It will not doy 
Ruflel. What will not do^ faid Ruffel ? Loe an- 
Iv/erM, ToU know who I-^mean s we muft not^ and it 

£ 4 . i6tf« 

jjbtSwit n. kf <?-tf. Br ma^j mifi^aU^ hy G^ 
xcsi7^i 3ji^ y Sa^-Brefer^iirim is the firft Law 
tf Sjor^y Jna Kecejjrryy jccarding to the old Prth 
^stirjy ids na La^. Weily feys Lj5, RJhaU never 
ie ^su^ my Ccujint. Herrapca mod of the Com^ 
poirrfaid^ h 'xm s Fity^ and m^ to be taken iUt'Q 
Cmpderd^uaij and jenaujfy 'ze^gbed amoag^ tbem^ 
and then pit to :ie Vote. At which Laa laid, iS^ 
it Qi^rtj aad there is mitbing liia tie S^ma prefent 
to deeide the O mtrmx r f y^ and to determiMt the 
HfLmerz Thej all anfwcfcd, -Ay^ it was hefi to 
end it nax. 

Then Lee ocdered them all to go i^xxi Deck, 
and bid me flay in the Cabhin ^ ib op they went 
all hands, and I iat ftiU and finoak'd a Pipe of 
Tobacco, Wine and Punch being left on the T^r 
ble : And tho^ I was very impatient to know the 
I^etennination, fbmetimes hewing it would be in 
my Favour, and fbmetimes fearing the contrary ^ 
yet I durfl not go out of the Cabbin to hear 
what they faid, nor make any £nquiry about it. 

After they had been upon Deck about two 
Hours, they came down again, and Loe ask'd 
me. Haw J did P andbov) I lik^d my Company fince 
they went upn Deck ? I thank'd him, and faid, 
/ was njery wefly at bis Service ; and as for my 
Company J I tik'd it very wsfl, and it was Company 
tbat few would di/like. IVby^ faid he, / thought 
you bad been all alone ever fince w,e went upon 
peck. I anfwerM, How could you tbink^ Sir^ tbat 
I was alone^ when you left me three fucb boon^ jolly 
Companions to keep me Company ? 

Z'-^Sy fays Loe^ and feem'd a little angry, / 
left norbody^ and ordered norbody but the Boy 
Jack, andbim Ihid.ftay at the Cabpi^hDoor^ withy 
out-Jide^ and pot go in^ norfiir from the Door^ 'till 
J bid him. But^ I faid, «SVr, my three Companions 

twere not humane Bodies^ but thofe whisk, you l^ on 

• tie 

[ 57 3 

the ^dbhj to witj a Pipe of tobacco^ a Bottle of 
French Claret ^ and a Bowl of Punch ^ at which 
they all laugh'd, and Lo^ faid, / was right: So 
afier fbme D,t(courres had pafs'd by way of Di* 
verfion,- Kuffel (aid to me, Mafier^ your Sloop is 
wry Leaky ; I iaid, Tes^ Jhe made Water. Water •/ 
iays he, J do not know what you could do with ber^ 
fuppofe me were to give her to you, Befides^ you 
have nolfands^ for all your Hands new belong to 
as. I faidi, Sirsy if you pleafe to grve ber to mcy 
Ida not fear y with God^s Bleffingj but to manage ber 
well enough^ if you let me have only tbofe which 
are on Board, which I hope you will : namely , my 
Mate and the two Boys. Well, fays he, andfup^ 
pofe we did, you have no Cargo, for we have taken, 
to replenijh our Stores, all the Rum, Sugar, ST^ 
tacco. Rice, Flower, and, in Jhort, all your Cargo 
'find Provifions. I told him, / would do as well 
as J CQuld, and if the worft eame' to the worft, I 
could load the Sloop with Salt, and carry it to the 
Canaries, where, I knew, they were in great Want 
of Salt at prefent, and therefore was fure it would 
gome to a good Market there : Ay, but, lays he, 
hens) will you do to make your Cargo of Salt, having 
no Hands, and having nothing wherewith to hire 
the Natives to help you to make it, or to fay for 
their bringing tt down on their Affes ; for you muft 
believe, laid he, / underftand Trade. I tojd him. 
If it did come to that Extremity, I had fo good IntC" 
reft both at the Ifland of Bona Vift, as likewife at 
the Ijle of May, that^ I was fure the Inhabitants 
would affiji me all that they could, and truft me for 
their Pay till I returned again ; efpecially when they 
came to know the Occafion that obligd me to it 3 and 
that, upon the Whole, I did not fear, with God^s 
Bleffing, to get a Cargo of Salt on Board, if they 
would be fo generous as to give me the Sloop again. 
Well bftt, %s Huflcl, fuppofi w^ Jhculd let you 

tsm the Sl&9f^ Md that you could do as you fay^ 
%hat ^wld you do for Promjums ? for we Jball 
fea^je you nme 3 and Ifufpofe I need not tell you^ 
for^ without douttj you hum it alieady^ that all 
tb^fe If;d»ds to IVindhoard are in great Scarcity of 
Vsdaalsj and efpecially the two IJlands that fro^ 
duce tbt Salt^ wbicb have heen opprefsd foe many 
Tears with a fore Famine. I told him, I was very 
fcnftble that all befdidlafi was true^ hutbop^d^ 
if tbey gave me tbe Sloops tbey would alfo he fi 
generous as to gtve me feme Provifions^^ a fmall 
Quantity of wbicb would ferve n^ little Company ; 
^ if notj I could go down to tbe Leeward IflandsL 
wberey likewifey I bad fome fmall Intereft^ and I did 
pot doubt hut I could have a fmall Matter of fucb 
Provijums as tbe Iflands afforded^ namely ^ Maiz 
pompions^ Fejbunesy &c. with wbicb^ hy God^s 
Affiftance^ we would endeavour to make Jbift, ^tilt 
it pleafed God we could get better. Aj buty lays he, 
perhaps your Mate and Boys will not be willing to 
tun that Hazard with yoUy nor care to endure fucb 
Hardjhip. I t^ld him. As for my Boysy I did not 
fear their Compliance^ and bop'd my Mate would 
eUfo do the fame^ feeing I requird him to undergo 
fk) other Har4/bip hut what I partook of myfelf. 
Ayy buty fays RufleL Tour Mate has not tb^ 
fame Rsafims as you havoj to induce him to beat 
fvith all thofe Hardjbips^ which you muft certainly 
Ve expofed to in doing what you propofe ; and there-- 
fore you c Of mot expe^ him to be very forward in 
ficcef4ingfuch bard lerms with you 3 ft ho' I cannot 
eonceive it to be fo eafie to go through withy in tbe 
Manner you propofcy as you feem to make it J. I 
anlwerM, As for the Mate's Inclinationsy I was 
not able pojitively to jt^e in this Affairy but I be^ 
lieved him to be an honefiy as well as a confcien^ 
tious Mauy and as J baa been very civil to him 
in fewrai ^efp^ifs^ in my Profperity^ fo J did not 


40ubt^ if I bad the Liberty to talk with him a UttJe 
en this Affiur^ but be would be very wtUing to 
undergo as much Hardjhip to extricate me out ojf^ . 
this my Adwrfity^ as -be could well bear^ or Im 
Reafon require of him, which WBuId be no mor0 
fban I/hould b^ar my/elf^ and when it f leafed Goi 
$0 turn the Scales^ I would endeavour to f/iake 
him SatisfaSiion to the full of what ^ in reafon^ be 
fould exp0y or^ at leafi^ as far as J was able. 

Come^ come^ iay$ Captain Loe^ let us drink 
about. Boy ! bow does the Dinner go forward f 
The Boy anfwer'd. Very wellj Sir. Says Loc, 
Gentlemen J you mufi all Dine with me to Day. 
They unanunoufly anfwer'd; Ay : Come tben^ 
lays Loe^ tofs the Bowl about^ and let us haw 
afrefbOne^ and call afrefh Caufe, 

They all agreed to this, and thep began to tall^ 
of their paft Tranfaftions at Newfoundland^ the 
Wefiem Iflands^ Canary Iflanis^ &c. What Ship^ 
they had taken, and how they fcrv'd them when 
in their Poffeffion 5 and how they obliged the QfOt^ 
vernor of the Ifland of St. Michael to fend them 
off two Boat-Loads of frefli Meat, Greens, Wine, 
Fowls, i3c. or otherwife, threatned to damnifie 
the Ifland, by burning fbmc of the finall Vilages : 
Of their Landing on the Ifland ofUineriff^ to th^ 
North waijd of Oratavo, in hopes of meeting with 
^ Booty, but got nothing but their Skins nill of 
Wine ; and how they had like to have been fuiSr 
prized by the Country, which was raifed upon 
that Occafion, but got all off fidfe, and withouii 
any Harm, except one Man, who received a Shot 
in his Thigh after they were got into their Boats^ 
but, they faid, they caufed feveral of the Spani^ 
ards to chrop ; and. That they fliould have beci^ 
certainly loft, if they^had tarried but half a quar- 
ter pf an Hour longer in the Houfe where they 
^^e drinjring, an4 where they cxpe^Skcd to get xm 


Booty, iwhich they Landed in qucft of, accord- 
ing to the Information given them by one of the 
Inhabitants of the Ifland, who was taken by them 
in a Fifliing-Boat, and told them, that, that 
Gentleman had an incredible Quantity of Mo- 
ney, as well as Plate, in his Houfe : And on 
this Occafion they threatned the poor Fifherman 
how leverely they would punifh him for giving 
them a hi& Information, if ever they fliould 
light of him again ; but, I fuppoie, the Fellow 
tcept clofe aihore after they let him go, all the 
Time they lay lurking about the Ifland : They 
alfo boafled how many French Ships they had 
.taken upon the Banks of Newfoundland^ and 
what a vaft Quaptity of Wine, elpecially French 
Claret, they took from them ; with abundance of 
iuch like Stuff ; which, as it did not immediately 
concern me, fo I fliail not trouble myfelf with 
particularizing : And, indeed, my Attention 
was fo wholly taken up with the Uncertainty of 
my own Af&irs, that I gave no great Heed to 
.ihofe Subjects that were foreign to me ; and 
which, for that I^Leafon, made but a flight Im- 
preffion on my Memory. 

In this Manner they pafs'd the Time away, 
drinking and caroufing merrily, both before and 
after Dinner, which they cat in a very diforderly 
.Manner, more like a Kennel of Hounds, than 
like Men, fiiatching and catching thp Vidhials 
from one another ; which, tho' it was very odi- 
ous to me, it leem'd one of their chief Diverfl- 
ons, and, they, faid, look'd Martial-like. 

Before it was quite dark, every one repaired 
on Board their refpe&ive Veflfels, and about 
Eight a-*Clock at Night I went to my Hammock, 
without obferving, as I remember, anythii^ 
wonh remarking, fave, that Captain Loe^ and I, 
and thr^ or four more, drank a cguple o£Bote^ 

C <5' ] 

ties of Wine after the Company were goncf, be^ 
fore we went to Sleep , in which time we had 
abundance of Difcourie concerning Church and 
State^ as alfo about Jrade^ which would be te- 
dious to relate in that confufed Manner we 
talked of thefe Subjeds, befides the Reafon I juft 
now mentioned. 

Loe ftay'd up after me, and when I was in my * 
Hammock, I heard him give the neccflary Or- 
diers for the Night, which were, that they were 
to lie too with their Head to the North fTeftward^ 
as, indeed, we had ever fince I had been on 
Board of him ; to mind the Top-light, and for 
the Watch, to be fure, above all things^ to keep 
a good Look-out ^ and to call him if they law 
any thing, or if the other Ships made any Signals. 
I pafled this Night as the former, ruminatipg 
on my prcfent unhappy Condition, not yet being 
able to dive into, or fathom their Defigns, or, 
what they intended to do with me, and often 
thinking on what the three Men told me, as alfo 
on what the Company laid, but in a more parti- 
cular manner, of v/hat Rtfffel told me concerning 
my Mate, 'till Sleep overpowered my Senles, and 
gave me a Ihort Recefs from my Troubles. 

In the Morning, about five a-Clock, I turned 
out, and a little after, one of the three Men who 
fpoke to me the Morning before, came to me, 
and bid me Good-morrow, and ask'd me very 
courteoufly how I did ? and told me, that they 
would all three, as before, have come and fpoke 
to me, but were afraid the Company, efpecially 
Kujfefs Friends, would think they held a fecret 
Correfpondence with me, which was againft one 
of their Articles, it being punifliable by Death, 
to hold any lecret Correlpondence with a Prilb- 
ner j but they hop'd all would be well, and that 
they believ'd I ll^ould have my Sloop again j Kuf- 

1- <50 

y^/ being the only Man who endeavoured to hUm 
der it, and he only, on the Account of having 
me to go with them on die Cosdk of Brafite ; but 
that moft of the Conipany was agaihft it, except 
the meer Creatures of BMffeL He laid, I might 
thank my Mate for it all, whcJ, he much fear'd^ 
would prove a Rogue to me, and Enter with 
them s and then, if they fliould give me my 
Sloop, I fliould be fadly put to it to manage her* 
myfelf, with one Boy, and the little Child. He 
dfo faid. That he, and the other two, heartily 
wifliM they could go with me in hei*, but that it 
was impoffible to exped it, it being Death eveii 
to motion it, by another of their Articles, which 
fays, S^at if any of the Company Jhall advife^ or 
[peak any thing tending to tb^ feparating oir breaking 
of the Company J or Jhall by any Means offer or en^ 
deamur to defert or quit the Company^ that Perfon 
Jhall b^ Jhot to Death by the ^arter-^Mafter^s Or^ 
der J without the Sentence of a Couirt^Martial. Hcf 
added. That *till my Mate had given Kujfel an 
Account of my being a.dquainted oil the Coaft of 
BraJtlCj he feem^d to be my beft Friend, and 
ivould certainly have prov'd fo, and would have 
prevailed with the Company to have made a Ga^ 
thering for me, which, perhaps, might not havef 
come much Ihort in Value of what they had ta-* 
ken from me ^ for there was but few in the Com- 
pany but had feveral Pieces of Linnen Cloth, 
Pieces of Silk, fpare Hats, Shoes, Stockings, gold- 
JLace, and abundance of other Goods^ bdides^ 
i;he publick Store, which^ x£ Rstffel hzd cdntinued 
my Friend, for one Word fp^ing, there was 
not one of them but would hav6 contributed to 
make up my Lofs ; it being tifual for them to 
referve fuch Things for no 6ther Ufe but to give 
to any whom they (hould take, or that formerly 
was of their Acquaintance^ or that they took a 


pt^nttAkltig to : He faid farther, That he be*^ 
hevd Captain Loe would, be my Friend, and do 
-what he could for me 9 but that, in Optofition 
to Bjfffel^ he could do but little, B^ffel Bearing 
twice the Sway with the Company, that Captain 
Loe did j and that Kuffel was always more confi- 
derate to thofe they took, than Loe i but now I 
muft exped no Favour from him, he was fb exaf* 
|>erated by the Oppofition that the Company^ 
and dpecially Captain Loe^ made to my being 
forcM to go with them on the Coaft of Brafile : 
He, however, bid me have a good Heart, and 
wilh'd it lay in his Power to fefve me more thaa 
It did, and bid me not to take very much Notice^ 
or fliew much Freedom with thejn, but rather a 
ieeming Indiflference : Adding, That he and his 
two Confbrts wilh'd me as well as Heart could 
wifh, and whatever Service they could do me,, 
while among them, I might afliire myfelf it 
ilK>uld not be wanting 5 defiring me to excufe 
him, and not take amifs his withdrawing from 
me i concluding, with Tears in his Eyes, that 
he did not know whether he fliould have another 
Opportunity of private Diicourfe with me ; nei- 
ther would it be for the Advantage of either of 
tts, except fbme new Matter offered them Occa- 
fion to forewarn, or precaution me, which, if it 
did, one of them would not fail to acquaint me 
with it : And fo he left me. 

Some time after, Captain Loe tum'd out, and 
after the ufual Compliments pais'd, we took a 
Dram of Rum, and entered into Diicourfe with 
one or another, on different Subjeds ; for as a 
Tavern or Alehoufc-keeper endeavours to pro- 
mote his Trade, by conforming to the Humours 
of every Cuftomer, fo was I fbrcM to be plca- 
tmt with every one, and bear a Bob with them 
. Ml aUnoft all tbek Sort; of Diicourfe^ tho' never. 

[ «4 3 

(b contrary and difagreeable to imr own Inclina- 
tions ; otherwilc I fhould have fallen under an 
OiUiun with them, and when dnce that happens 
to be the Cite with any poor Man, the Lord 
have Mcrcv upon him j for then every rafcally 
Fc-low wH Le^ lo:?te his Brutal Fancy upon him, 
on.: i':rrer Uiit^ hin with hii Tongue, CwWch is 
fTc ^211 T-T^^'^ rr kick or cuff him, or other- 
Yi' - irme ::iiT* 15 rKv are more or lefs cruel, of 
s-n.-r-z^I - mirii ry Dnniing, PaiEon, ^c. 

drruiii J^/lU ■^'.tn lo.-ne more, c^ame on 
Iv^cxL iv^'uT r5i ;i: clejea a-CIock in the Fofe- 
:- -T. ^m -tssri r? 're \-ery pleaiant to me, 
^•c; =: 7w r.^v 1 i-vi - rt"ilxg me, that he had 
^--ii rmucsrii^ rr '«hit I Isid Yefterday, and 
^rj.^ :cT irr* i^vv I icc'i he able to go through 
i:rr :: T^iB: cwrj^vi be \-t^ry di£cult, if not 
iTTTrci!?C:tf* irc I f^ouId nm a verv great 
vMc I rccros'i He believd, hd 
^-* ::r^ I vis i Mn?, and i Man of Under- 
b^rwl::^. r^ :t r:^s Ciie I ndber leem'd to be 
^: -.'iy^ r* *■• rcibimri EVc^jcnrion, than by 
•■. .:::-^T . ::M vr .TI^• F'xrr. £70? I was fb care- 
: - /. •• -. :'\:> r* o;r;:r:ri-i-^ to throw myfelf 
, . .' . X -LC vc rtrx: :r ^ould ftand with the! 
V V,' - r.- v.-rr.r^iiro*: cr rh? Company, to put it 

TtVd me well, he faid. 

^ A« 

IT-- . . . ^. k «« 

ii c ^.w .i.i\r: :--vr* rSi: ch^ Thoughts of me had 
r-sv? ".:- v'? r".c grvJtKll Part of the Night ^ 
^••^r n: ^^ .", : ci*. a Wjlv which, he was fure, 
A ,-.-.c ^f :rruc^. rrcr? ro my Ad\-antage, and not 
^^:x^C: -rrc r- X- 'ri:xh Hxrard and Danger, and 
^ -. : V .x^c a: -r^.'rt -^roeciW^", than I could expeft 
>^ '^./ :>: r"c 5 sxc^ tho* ci-er}* thing was to fall 
,Nc r,^ , ..'Wvi sty ETTCC^Jtion ; and did not 
< vN.ct: .V r V C^orvtny ■ s Ji>Tt«ing to it : ^^d tbis^ 
v - > x\ :\ r" ^-i:cf ^i ^i :r lurn year Sloop^ and 
« a ja£/ «$ ;3v .^vrat f tisn j^s ycu are naWj 

viz. a PrifofiBT ; and I promife yoUj and wilt eni 
gage to get the Company to fign and agree to ity 
the firft Prize we take^ if you like ier y and if 
not^ ytm Shall ft ay with us till we take a Prize that 
you like, and you fhall have her with all her Cargo j 
to difpofe of bow and where you pledfe, fdr your 
invn proper UJe. He added, that this, perhaps^ 
might be the making of me^ and put Pid in a Capa^^ 
city of feaving off the Sea, and living afhort, if t 
was fo inclin d ; protefting, that h^ did all th'it 
purely out of KefpeSi to fne, becaufe he faw I was 
a Man of Senfe, as he faid, ajtd was willing to 
take Care and Pains to get a Living for myfelf and 

I thank'd him, and told him, / was forty t 
could not accept of his kind Offer ; and hoped he 
would eoGcufe me, and not impute it to an obfiinatd 
Samper ^ becaufe, I faid, / did not perceivi it 
woifld be of any Advantage to me, but rather the 
Reverfe ; for I could not fee how I fhould be abh 
t^ difpofe of the Ship, or any Part of her Cdrgo ^ 
hecaufe no Body would buy^ except I had a lawful 
IPawer to fell ^ and they all certainly knew^ they 
had no farther Right to any Ship or Goods that they 
took, than fo long as fuch Ship or Goods was with^ 
in the Verge of their Power 3 which, they were fin^ 
fible, could not extend fo far, as to reach anf 
Place where fuch Sale could be made : Befides, I 
faid, ;/ the Owners of any fuch Ship or Godds 
fhould ever come to hear of it, then fhould I be lia-*- 
hie to make them Refiitution^ to the full Value of 
fuch Ship and Cargo, vr be hbligd t^ lie in a Prifon 
the remaining Part of my Days ^ or, perhaps, by d 
more rigid Pro fee ut ion of the Law againfi my Per-^ 
fon, run a Hazard of my Lifd 

Ruffd faid, i'hefe were but needle fs and ground'^ 
iefs Scruples^ and might eafily be evaded : As foi^ 
my having a Right to make Sale ttf the Ship and 


they vcould give me^ they Could Hjitf 
BUI ^ Sdle ^tbe Ship, andfucb other 
mtsmfen feecers n ITritingj as were fuffkient to 
ytbo ^ ^^ ^^ ^ heymd aU Poffibility of Sufi 
yrwr^ «i iia: JJkmld wet have a$iy Reafon to fear 
mtf ieag deuSed im tbe Salei And as for my j4p^ 
fnabesAa ^ jtfa|( difcmerd to tbe Ownets^ that 
mgie £s ^^7 ee frevesited^ for they Jhduld aU 
i^itfs imFz^ ij Examntatum of the Mafler^ &c. 
essi Mmk 'jj ifr ffntit^ taken on board fucb Ship 
{wkes^ liey aSm^ys tmk Care to feiz^ upon) who 
iaef9 tx Oaaners amd Merchants concern d in hotb 
&f JmiCirgfr^ as alfa tbeir f laces of Abode ; by 
'smi^i Jei^etbe able to Jbun a Poffibility of their 

: Adduig, Sthat I might have the 
_ Mir in another NamCj which 
/ «S^ gi by 'tia Jbadfinijb'd the Bufinefs^ and 
ue» mimii ^maeemy own^ which Method would 
sertMMiy fecmrt me frem aU Poffibility of Bif* 

I rruihiafty /aftf ^^(tfs^ there was not only a 
F^^-jtfavai^n^ twe a jtemiag Certainty^ in what he 
jai z^as ir ameed abundance of Ifit in tbe 
y htty I aflur'd him, that were I 
p» Vmiv certMsty wbicb I could not be, that ^till 
:.V iMT 4f^^ my Dratb it wtmld not be difcowrdj 
y^s :^^€re «'**! Jttii a ftrouger Motive to deter me 
->>v.« M»pMjg ^ ; wbicbj tbo^ it might feem, per^ 
i-?J^\ .'V fifem to be of no Ifiigbt^ and but a meet 
K^j.uititWy yet it badntater Force with me than all 
:^v K^^^ms I bud bitberto mentim^d i and that 
x^s m Cunfdence^ which would be a continual 
If -i^i^js ^uinfi mej and a conftant Stingy even 
%^^f^ny periij^y m Body would accufe me : yhd as 
th^e could be no hearty and unfeigned Repentance^ 
wHbota making a full Kefiitution, a^ far as I, was 
^ky to tbe i^jurd Perfin j I ask'd them, ITbat 
Mmi^ w^uld it bf to mey if J got fboufands 





if ^miij 4ndebuldHot he atPeici M mf dufi 
{cimfj -fin I bad reftord every S^hhig to thewoi 
per Owners^ end after all^ remain as I was temrer 
A grqu: deal diore) I told them^ I could &f 
m^ ^s Head s but doo^Md ihu DUcouH^ ol 
|£i< Natutt were liot vety taking with fomi of 
&em^ and ni^ht feem or very litUe Accwnt | 
7et J bope^ faid 1, and God forbui tbat there fieuUL 
net he feme ofyouj who have a S%ougbt of a great 
09td pomtffm God^ and a Conf€$eufnifs cf h^s mpar^ 
tiatJu/Uce to fumjb^ ds well as nf bis unfdtboma& 
hie Mnty to pardon Offenders mm tbeir unfeijgied 
R^fentance^ ufbUb. would not fo far extend as te 
empiirase as to run on infinmngy tberehy ftefknung 
te imp^e en bis l&rcy. 

Smne of them (aid, IJbould do well to pHaci 
'4 S^rmen^ and pjould make tbem a good dbaplaim 
O^er^ ikid, No^ tbey wanted no Godtinefs to he 
preacl^d there : That Pirates bid no God hut their 
Money^ nor Saviour hut their ktn^. Otherf 
laid, ^b£^ I had faid nothing hut what was wry 
gpody true J and rational^ ana tbey wifii'd that God^ 
iinefSj ory at leaft^ fome Humanity^ were in moti 
fradice amdf^ tbem ; which tbey belien/d^ would 
be mote to theit Bjsputationy And caufe a greatei' 
Efteeni te he bad for tbem^ both from God and 

After this, 4 Silence foUowM 5 tkrhicK Capt; 
Siuffel broke^ faying to me again^ JMafter^ as to 
}foUr Bear that you wrOng your Neighbour in tdiing^ 
« Ship from us^ which we firfi took from him ; 0$ 
my Judgment^ it is groundlefs dnd without Caufe |' 
nor is it a Breach of the Laws of God or Man^ as 
far as Jam able to apprehend i for you do not taki 
tbeir Goods front thbrn^ nor ufurp their Property i 
S'bat we be^ve done w^out your Aivic^^ Concur^ 
tencey tr Af^anice ; and therefore wbate^r Siit 

Und^ in ^y Opinion^ cannot extend to make atiy 
mconccm^d Per/on guilty with us. It is plain^ 
heyond difputin^^ continued he, that you can be 
no why P Maker with us in any Capture^ while you 
are only a confiraind Prifoner^ neither jiving your 
yfdvice or Confent^ or any Ways affifiing ; and 
therefore it may he moft certainly concluded^ that it 
is We only that have invaded the Rights and «- 
furp^d the Property of another , and that you mufi 
be innocent^ and cannot he Partaker of the Crime^ 
milefs concern d in that ASiton that made it a Crime. 
But you feem to allow^ that we have a Property ^ 
while we are in Pojfejjion ; hut^ added he, / fup- 
pofe you tbmk^ that all the Claim we have to the 
Ships and Goods that we take^ is by an A6i of Vto- 
lence^ and therefore unjufi^ and of no longer Force 
than while we are capable to maintain them by the 
fame fuperior Strength by which we obtained them. 

I told hini, / could not exprefs my Conceptions of 
it better or fuller^ I thought^ than he had done ^ 
but hoped^ neither he^ nor Capt. Loe, nor any of 
the Gentlemen prefent^ would he offended at my 
taking fo much Liberty ; which was rather to ac^ 
quaint them with my Keafons for 7iot being^able to 
accept of their kind Offer ^ than to give any Gentle-- 
man Offence ; adding, i%at I had fo much Confi-- 
dence in their Favours^ that^ if I could have ac^ 
cepted them^ I verily believ^d^ they would all 
i)ave concurred with Capt. Ruflel in what he fo 
kindly andftiendly defignd me. 

At which Words they all cry'd, Ay^ Ay^ by 
C~5 and that / was deferving of that and more. 
• I told them, I heartily thanked them all ingene^ 
ralj and did not-wtjb any of them fo unfortunate^ as 
to ft and in Need of my Service ^ yet, if ever they 
riidj tbey Jhould find^ that the uttermoft of my Abi-^ 
lityjhould not be wanting in Retaliation of alh the 

mlitics tbey bad Jhewn me^ ever fence it was my 

C "5? ] 

Lot to fall into their Hands 3 but^ in a more efpe^ 
cial Manner^ jot this their now offer d Kindnefsy 
tbo I could not accept it with a fafe and clear Con^ 
fciencey which I 'valued above any fhing to be en^^ 
joy^d in this If^ortd. I .laid, / could add farther 
Keafons to tbofe I bad already urgd ^ but I would 
not trouble them longer^ fearing I had already been 
too tedious or offenfive to fome of them ; wbicb^ if 
Ibad^ I heartily beggd their Pardon y ajfur'mg them 
once more^ that if it was fo^ it was neither my 
Befign nor Intent ^ but the Reverfe, 

Hereupon they all laid, ^hey liked to bear us 
talky atid thought we were very well matched: 
Adding, fhat Capt. Ruflel could fcldom meet with 
a Man that could ftand him : Rut^ as for their 
Parts ^ they were pleased with our Difcourfe^ and 
w^re very fure Loe and Ruflel were fo too. 

Capt. Loe then laid. He liked it very well ; 
'but told me, I had not returned Capt. Kujfel an 
Anlwer to what he laft faid, which he thought 
deferv'ci one. 

I anlwer'd, That fince the Gentlemen v/ere (6 
good-naturM, as not only to take in good Part 
what I had hitherto laid, but alio to give me 
free Liberty to purliie my Diicourfe, I fliould 
make Ule of their Indulgence, and anlwer what 
Capt. Kuffel had laid laft to me, in as brief and 
inofienfive a Manner as I was capable of. 

Then turning to Kujfel^ I faid, Sir^ Tour Opi^ 
nton of my Notion of the Right you have to any 
Ship or Goods you may take^ is exactly true ; and 
I think your Right cannot extend farther than your 
Power to maintain that Right ^ and therefore it 
muft folio u;, you can transfer no other Right to any 
me than what you have your felves^ which will 
render any Perfon who receivd them^ as guilty for 
• detaining them from the proper Ow,ners^ as you f^r 
the taking them.. 

F 3 Vis^ 

/ [ 70 ] 

Hefaid, Be it Co -^ we wittfmfpefk C^d fkooH 
rd a little angry^ f(^ Argumem Sahj we bav^ 
faken a Sbtp^ and are refoPv^d to fink or bum ber^ 
Mnlefs you will accef$ ^ bet : New^ frajy wbere ' 
js the Owner s Property^ wben tbe Sbif is fmkj or 
turned ? I tbink the Jmpoffibility of bis bawi^ bet 
ifgain^ cuts off bis Property to all Intents and pur^ 
fofcsj and our Power was tbe fante^ notwitbftandm 
ing our p'vi^g ber to you^ if we bad tbougbt fit t^ 
pake ujeqf it. 

I was loth to afgne any &rther, feeing him he^. 
g^ to be peevifh ^ and knowing, by the liifor-r 
madon afore given me by the three Men, that all 
\w pretended Kindnefs and Arguments were <^y 
in order to detain me, without the Imputation 
u£ {laving broken their Articles ^ which be fouiHi 
fhe major Part of the Company very averfe to.; 
therefore, to cut all fliort, I told him, I waa 
very fenfible of the Favours defign*d me ; an4 
fhould always retain a grateful Senfe of them ; 
That I knew I was abfolutely in their Power^ 
and they might difpofe of me as they pleas 'd ^^ 
hnx that having been hitherto treated fo gene- 
roufly by them, I could not doubt of their fu«^ 
ture Goodnefs to me : And that if they would 
be pleas'd to give me my Sloop a^in, it was ^ 
I requefled at their Hands 3 and I doubted not^ 
but that, by the Blefling of God on my honeft 
Jndeavour^, I fhould foon be able to retrieve my. 
prefent Lofi , at leaft, I faid, I fhould have 
nothing to reproach myfelf with, whatever fhould 
befal me, as I fhould have, if I were to comply 
with the Favour they had fb kindjy intended 

Upon which, Capt. Loe faid, Gentlemn^ tb^ 
Mufter^ I muft needs fay^ pas /poke notbing hut 
^fobat is wry reafonahle^ and I tbink be ought t9, 
^^e bis S^oQp. ^bat do ygu fay Gentkinen f 

I ' ' "^^ • . > ........ ^^ 

[7. 3 

The greateft Part of them anfwer'd aloud, 

figftiffj and g6 in God's Name^ and pffk a Living 
in bet for Bis Family. Ay^ faid Ibme of them, 
and we ought to make fometbing of a Gathering for 
the poor Man^ fince we have taken every Thing 
that be bad on Board bis Veffel. This put an End 
to the Difpute ^ and Qytry Body talked accord- 
ing to their Inclinations, tne Punch, Wine, and 
Tobacco being moving Commodities all this 
Time ; And every one who had an Opportunity 
of fpeaking to me, wifti'd me much Joy with, 
and Succeis in, my newly obtained Sloop. 

Towards Night, Kuffel told Capt. Loe^ that as 
the Company had agreed to give me the Sloop 
again, it was to be hoped they would difcharge 
me, and let me go about my Bufineis in a fhbit 
Time j and therefore, with his Leave, he would 
take me on Board the Scooner with him, to treat 
me with a Sneaker of Punch before parting. 
Accordingly, I accompany 'd him on Board his 
Veffel, tho' I had rather ftay'd with Loe^ and he 
welcomed me there, and made abundance of 
Proteftations of his Kindnefs and Refped to me ; 
but ftill argued, that he thought I was very 
much overfeen in not accepting what he had lo 
kindly, and out of pure Refped, ofier'd to me, 
and which, he laid, would really have been the 
making of me. I told him, I thank'd him for 
his Favour and Good-will ; but was very well 
fatisfy'd with the Company's Generofity in agree- 
ing to give me the Sloop again, which, I laid, 
was more latisfaAory to me, than the richeft 
Prize that they could take. 

Well, fays he, I wifli it may prove according 
to your Expe<9:ation. I thank'd him ; fo down 
wc went into the Cabbin, and, with the Officers 

P 4 only. 


©nly, diverted ourfclves in talking ^till Supper 
was .laid on the Table. 

After Supper, a Bowl of Punch, and half a 
Dozen of Claret, being let on the Table, Captv 
Kujfel took a Bumper, and drank Succefs to their 
Undertaking ; which went round, I not daring to 
refiife it. Next Health was Profperity to Srade^ 
meaning their own Trade. The third Health 
was, fbe King of France: After which, Rjujfel 
began the King of England'^ Health ^ fo they all 
drank round, ibmc J&ying, ^he King of England'^ 
Healthy others only ^he aforefaid Healthy 'till it 
came round to me ^ and Capt. 'B:uffel having emp- 
ty'd two Bottles of Claret into the Bowl, as a 
Recruit, and there being no Liquor that I have 
a greater Averfion to, than ^d Wine in Punch, 
I heartily begg'd the Captain and the Company 
would excule my drinking any more of that 
Bowl, and give me leave to pledge the Health , 
in a Bumper of Claret. 

Hereupon Kuffel faid. Damn you^ you fhall 
drink in your ^urn a full Bumper of that Sort of 
Liquor that the Company does. IVell^ Gentlemen^ 
laid I, rather than have anylVords about itj I will 
firink it^ tho it is in a Manner Poyfon to me ; he-- 
caufe I never drank any of this Liquor^ to the heft 
of my Kememhrance^ but it made me fiek two or 
three Days at leaft after it. And dr—n you^ lays 
Kuffel^ if it be in a Manner^ or out of a Manner^ 
or really^ rank Poyfon^ you fhall drink as much ^ and 
as often^ as any one here, unlefs you fall down 
deady dead! 

So I took the Glafs, which was one of your 
Hollands GlaiTcs, made in the Form of a Beaker, 
without a Foot, holding about three Quarters of 
a Pint, and filling it to the Brim, laid. Gentle- 
. nten^ here is ths aforefaid Health. What Health 
ij tiat^ faid Kujfel / Wby^ fays I, the fame 


Health you all haw drank^ ^be King of England'r 
Health. IVhy^ lays Rujfef^ who is Ktng 0/ Eng- « 
land ? I anfwer'd. In my Opinion^ be that wears 
the Crown^ is certainly King while be keeps it. 
Well^ fays he, and pray who is that P IVhy^ iky% 
I, King George at pre ent wears it. Hereupon 
he.broke out in the moft outrageous Fury, damn- 
ing me, and calling me Rafcally Son of a B — ^ 
and abufing his Majefly in fiich a virulent Man- 
ner, as is not fit to be repeated, aflerting, with 
bitter Curies, that we had no King. 

I i(aid, / admird that he would begin and drink 
a Health to a Perfon who was not in being. Upon 
which, he whipped one of his Piftols from hi$ 
Safli, arid I really believe would have fhot me 
dead, if the Gunner of the Scooner had not 
{hatched it out of his Hand. 

This rather more exalpcrated Kuffel^ who 
continued (wearing and curling his Majefty in the 
moft outrageous Terms, and aflerting the Pre- 
tender to be the lawful King of England^ ^c. 
He added. That 'twas a Sin to fuffcr ftch a falfc 
traiterous Dog as I was to live^ and with that 
whipped out another Piftol from his Safh, and 
cock'd it, and (wore he would fhoot me through 
the Head, and was lure he (hould do God and 
his Country good Service, by ridding the World 
of fiich a traiterous Villain. But the Mafter of 
the Scooner prevented him, by ftriking the Piftol 
but of his Hand, 

Whether it was with the Fall, or his Finger 
being on the Trigger, I cannot tell, but the 
Piftol went off without doing any Damage : At 
which the Mafter, and all prdent, blamed Kujjel 
fer being Co rafli and hafty , and the Gunner 
iaid, I was not to blame , for that I drank the 
Health as it was firft proposed, and there being- 
no Namps mention^, and King George being 


poflefs'd of the Crown, and efiablifh'd by An* 
thority oJf Parliament, he did not fee but his 
Title was the beft. But what have we to do. 
continued he j with theBJrbts cf Kings or Princes r 
Ofif Bufinefs bere^ is to cbufe a King for our owu 
Commonwealth ; to make Jucb Laws as we think 
fnofi conducive to the Ends we dejign , and to keep 
eurfePves from being overcome ^ and ftdfjeSied to the 
Penalty of thofe Lams which are made is^mnft us. 
He then intimated to Kujfel^ That he muft fpeak 
his Sentiments freety, and imputed his Quarrel 
with me, to his being hinddrd fi-om breaking 
thro' their Articles : Urging, that he would ap- 
pear no better than an Infringer of their Laws, 
if the Matter were narrowly look'd itfto: And 
that it was impc^ble ever to have any Order or 
Rule oWervM, if their Statutes were once bro^ 
Jcen thro*. He put him in Mind of the Penalty, 
which was Death, to any one who Ihould infringe 
their Laws; and urg'd. That if it were once 
admitted that a Man, tluro' Pailion, or the like^ 
ihould be excufed breaking in upon them, there 
would be an End to their Society : And con^ 
eluded with telling him, that it was an extraor* 
dinary Indulgence in the Gunpany, not to re-, 
mind him of the Penalty he had incurred. 

ILuffely ftill continuiii^ his PaiHon, anfwer^d. 
That if he had taranfgrefiM, it was not for the 
Sake of his own private Intereft, but for the ge^ 
neral Good of the Company ; and therefore did 
not fear, neither in Juftice could he expe&, any 
Severity from the Company for what he had 
done ; and for that Reafon, whatever he (the 
Gunner) or thofe of his Sentiments, thought of 
it, he was refolv'd, whatever came of it, to pur- 
fuc his prefent Humour. 


Then fiys the Gunacr to the reft, W$IL 

Qentkmn^ if you have a JMhtd tv maimam tboji 
haws made^ eftAhliflid^ and [worn to by you aUi^ 
as I think w^ ar^ all obligated by the firongeft ^yes 
if Reafon and Self-Inter^ t4> do^ I affitre you^ mj 
Opinim is^ that we ought to fecwre John Ru^ft^ 
fo as to prevent his breaking our Laws and Confit*^ 
tutionsy and thereby do ourfelws^ and him too^ good 
Service : OurfePues^ by not fuffering fucb an ARi^ 
w of Cruelty in cold JBioody as be more than once 
attempted to conmitj as you are Eye^vitnejfes of^ 
4nd^ I believey mofi on Board have been Ear-wiP- 
neffes to the Pifiofs going (^; and ail this for no 
other Keafon in the Wbrld^ but tbrou^ a proud mat 
ambitious Humour j conceiting be is the Man that is 
net to be cmtradiil^;^ and that bis Words^ tbot^ 
tending toourHuin^ muft yet be Tecein)d as anOra^ 
^kj without any Oppofition. 

At which they all faid. It was a. pity the Ma«> 
fter Ihould fuffer, neither would they permit it ; 
'atid {peaking to Kuffel^ diey faid, they would 
not allow him to be lb barbarous : That they 
had always valued themlelves upon this very 
Thing of being civil to their Prifbners, and not 
abufing their Peribns : That, ^till now, he him*» 
ielf had been always the greateft Periwader to 
Clemency, and even to the forgiving Provocati- 
ons, and permitting them to go from *em with as 
little Lofi as could be, after they had taken what 
they had Occafion for : But now^ faid they, you 
are quite the Reverfc^ to this poor Man^ and for no 
€tber Rjeafan^ that we know of^ but^ as the Gunner 
faid juft now J bccaufe we would not yield a greater 
Power to you alone^ then you with the whole Com^ 
fany have when conjoined ; fhat is^ that you at any 
^ime^ to gratify your own Humour^ fball have Li^ 
berty^ not only to difpenfe with our Laws^ but to aSi 
againfk the Sentiments rf the whole Company.^ 

[ 70 

Kuffet anfwerM, That he never did oppofe the 
Company before ^ neither could he believe any 
preftnt could charge him with any Cruelty in 
cold Blood, ever fince he belonged to the Com- 
pany i but that he had a R6a{bn for what he did, 
or would have done, if he had not been prevent- 
ed. Hereupon the Mafter interrupting him, 
laid, Capt. Ruflel, we know of no Reafon for your 
paffionate Dejtgn^ but what we ha've told you j and^ 
as you have been told before^ it irefleSis a Revenge 
arainji the Company y but not being able to effeSl 
that J you turn it on that poor Man the Mafter ^th$ 
Sloops and^ as it were^ in defpite of the Company^ 
yhecaufe they have decreed him his Sloop again^ that 
be may provide a Living for his Family^ you would 
harbaroufly^ nay brutifhly^ as well as to the Compa^ 
ny contemptuoufly^ murder that poor Man^ who has 
given you no Occajion to induce you to fucb an A6ii^ 
^m that we know of^ and if he has given you any 
fufficient Caufe to be fo offended at him^ we promife 
you this Jnfiant^ to deliver him up to you^ to 
fuffer Death^ or what other Punijhment you think 
fit to infli^l on him. 

Rujfel told them. That he had been in the 
Company almoft from the firft, and he challengM 
any one to charge him with Singularity, or Op;- 
pofition to the Company, or of Cruelty to any 
one Prifbner before tnat Rafcal^ as he call'd me, 
and that therefore they might be afliirM, he 
ftould not have taken up liich Reftntments a^ 
gainft me, if he had not a fufficient Reafon to 
provoke him to it, which he did not think pro- 
per at that Time to divulge. 

^hen^ fays the Gunner, neither do we think 
proper that you Jball take any Manx's Life away in 
cold Bhod^ ^till you think fit to acquaint the Com^ 
pany with the Reafons for it , and I think it was 
your Place to fatisfy the Company ^ before y^ took 
"I . tU 


tk^ Liberty to attempt tie Life of any Man imd^r 
the Company s ProteSiion^ as I think all Prifonen 
are : And^ to fay the Tirutb^ I do verily belieWj 
you have no other Reafons to gi^e than tbofe hinted 
hy the Mafter and me ^ and therefore^ I think it bM 
Reafon^ to ufe fuch Methods as may prevent your 
pajjionate Dejign^ andfecure the Prifoner 'till Morn^ 
mr, and ,then fend him on Board the Commodore^ 
iswo^ mtb the Adirice of the Majority^ may order 
th4 Matter as he thinks heft. 

This was conftnted to by all , and fb KuJJhl^ 
having his Arms taken from him, was brder'd 
Hot to offer the leaft Difturbance again, nor con- 
cern himfelf with or about me,- ^till after I was 
on Board the O>mmodore, on Pain of the Crew's 
Difpleafure, and alfb of being profecuted as a 
Mutineer ; and the Gunner, Mafter, Boatlwain, 
iBc bid me not be difcouragM j alluring me, 
that there Ihould no Harm come to me while I 
was on Board of them ; and that they would 
fend me away now, but that there is, faid they, 
ah exprefs Order among us, to receive no Boats 
on Board after eight at Night, or nine a-Clock 
at fartheft , but they would put me on Board 
Gapt. Loe in the Morning, where they were fure I 
ihould be protected and lecur'd from the re- 
vengeful Hand of Capt. Ruflel ^ for they faid, 
they were lure that Capt. Loe had a great Rc- 
lpe6t for me, and would be a Means to counter- 
ballance Ruffel 3 and they laid they would fit up 
with me all Night for my greater Security : Which 
they did, fmoaking and drinking and talking, eve- 
ry one according to his Inclination, and io we 
pals'd ;he Time away 'till Day. 

Ruffel went to lleep about two a-Clock in the 
Morning in his Cabbin ; however, the Mafter, 
the Gunner, and five or fix more, d^d not go to 
Bed all that Night, but would have had mc ^oae 

to flcep, telling mc, I need act fear ^ for tliej^ 
would tskt Care (hat Ruffel fhould not hurt me. 

About eight ii-Clock in the Morning, I was 
tairy^d on Boa^d Gapt. Loe^ the Gunner anA- 
Steward going with me, who told him^ all that 
had pals d ^ and acquainted him, that they ftilt 
believ'd Rsiffel to be lb implacable againft mej 
that he would murder me in cold Blood .before I 
got cleat of them, if he did not interpole to 
proted me from his Violence. Capt. Loe laid. 
He very well knew, aiid he believ'd fo did they 
all, what was the Realbn that made Ruffel fo in* 
yeterate and implacable to me : He added^ 
That Rajfei did not do well ; ahd that I had bc-i 
havM myfelf lb inoflfenfively, that there could 
be no Realbn to induce the moft lavagfe Monfter 
to be luch an iitecoricileable Enemy to me ; but 
that 'twas an ealy Matter to dive into the Cau& 
of it, to wit, his beiiig thwarted by the Compa^ 
ny in his Humout ; and becaufe they would not 
break thro* the Articles which cemented them » 
together, and which were fign'd and Iwore to by 
tiiem all, as the ftanding Rule of their Duty* 
by which only they could decide and fettle G)n- 
troverfies and Differences among themfelves ; thd 
leaft Breach of which, would be a Precedent fot^ 
the like Infradfcions, whenever Huffily or any 
other, thought fit to give Way eithei* to Re^ 
venge or Ambition, and that then all theif 
Cbunfels would be fluctuating ^ ^nd Fancy, and 
not Realbn, would be the Rule of their 0)n* 
dudt ; and their Rclblutions would be rendered 
more unconftant than the Weathercock. He 
added. That he hoped the Company would in^ 
violablv adhere to their eftablifti'd Laws, which^ 
he laio, were very good j and were they not, 
yet, as they were made by the unanimous Con-* 
lent of the whole Company, fo they ought not 

t 79 ] 

to be altered without the ikmt uitanlmous Cah^ 
fenti concluding, that, for his Fart, he wouU 
taxhec chti£e to be out of the Company than in 
it^ if thsf did not rciblvc to be determin'd by 
tiieir Articles. Hereupon they anfwer'd. That 
what he had iaid was very good, and they were 
rdfi>lv'd to adhere to his Advice. 

After this they di^^nk a Dram, and then re« 
tum'd With their Boat on Board the Scopner ; 
and Capt. Loe tpld me, he was ibrry for Capt. 
BMjfefs Diiguft againft me, becauie he believ'd 
it would be a Disadvantage to me ^ but, how* 
ever, there was no Remedy but Patience ^ a& 
firing me. That Bjtjfel ihould neither kill me, 
nor abufe my Feri(»i, and I Ihould have my 
Sloop again, and be difcharg'd in as fhort a 
while as poffible, that I might be clear ofRMjfel^ 
who, he was afraid, would always continue my 

AU the Officers and Men likewife fpoke very 
friendly to me, and bid me not be daunted ; (o 
we pais'd the Time away in feveral Kinds of 
Difcourfe ^till Dinner ; after which, Loe ordered 
a Bowl of Punch to be made, and ^id he wiih'd 
j^was well clear of] them. 

About four a -Clock in the Afternoon Capt. 
Ruffel came on Board, as did alio Francis Spriggs^ 
who commanded the other Ship, and after a littk 
while, fays Kuffel to Capt. Loe^ ^be Mate of the 
Sloop is willing to enter with us as a Vohmteer. 

Loe made Anfwer, and faid, H(m mnft we d4 
in that Cafe P For then the Mafier of the Shop wilt 
l^ave no Body to help him^ but one Boy s for^ fays 
he, the little Child is no Help at all. 

Kuffel laid, He could net help that. But^ faid 
Loe^ we muft not take all the Hands from the poof 
MaUy if we defigt^ to giw bim his Sloop again ; 

[ 8o 3 

lidditig^ S'ffat be thought in Keafon there could 
ndt he lefs than two Boys and the Mate. 

Z — dsy {kysKujfel^ his Mate is a lufiy young 
hrisk Man J and has been upon the Account before^ 
and told tne but e^en now^ (for^ faid he, / was on 
Board the Sloop but jufi before I came herCy and 
Frank Spriggs was along with me^ and heard him 
fay^) l%at he was fully re/olv'd to go with us^ 
and would nbt go any more in the Sloops unlefs 
forced^ and when he came out of Barbadoes, be 
faidy bis Dtfipi was to enter himfelf on Board the 
. firft Pyrate that he met with ; And will you refufk 
fuch a Man J contrary to your Articles ^ which you 
all fo much profefs to follow ; and which enjoin you 
by all Meansy not repugnant to them^ to encreafe 
and fill your Company ? Be fides ^ continued he, he 
fpoke to me the firft Day^ that he was refolv^d to 
enter with us. 

Loe replyM, That to give the Man his Sloop, 
and no Hands with him to affift him, was but 
putting him to a lingering Death, and they had 
as good aimofl: knock him on the Head, as 
do it. 

Rufiel anlwer'd. As to that, they might do as 
they pleased- v/hat he fpoke now was for thp 
Good of the whole Company, and agreeable to 
the Articles, and he would fain fee or hear that 
Man that Ihould oppofe him in it. He faid. He 
was Quarter-Mafter of the whole Company, and, 
by the Authority of his Place, he would entec 
the Mate diredly, and had a Piftol ready for the 
Man that ftiould oppofe him in it. 

Loe faid. As for what was the La\V and Gu- 
ftom among them (as what he now pleaded, was) 
he would neither oppofe, nor argue againft 5 but, 
if they thought fit to take the Man^s Mate fitwn 
him, then they might let him have one of hi$ 
^wn Men with him. 

[ 8. ] 

, KnJJiiikid^ Nos for all the S^idop^s Men wei^e 
jdreadj enrolled in their Boolc^, and thereferd 
hone of them (hould go in her again. Gentletmn^ 
€(MitinuM he, you mtfi conjlier I am new arguing^ 
«&Wff jtr f#e Ch^d of the Company^ as for tte 
due Maintenance and Efcecmim if the Laws and 
Articles ; und Us I am tb^ proper Officer fuhfiitmed 
m$d intfi^ed *y tifis Company ivitb Authority to 
fKtcate thfofftey fo {as Itoid you before) I have 
4 PfjM 4fk ^ Brace tf Sails ready for any dne^ 
'Vlhb dare cfpefe n§e herein ; ahd turning to me, 
faid, Mafter^ the Company has decreed you your 
Shop^ and you fbatl ba^ve her ; you fi all have your 
two Boys^ and that is all : Ton JbaH have neither 
^rcmfimsy not any fbing effe^ more than as Jhe 
eme is. Atvd^ Ihear^ there are fame of the <iompa^ 
Hy defign^ to make a Gatbi^iug for you^ hut that 
^Jb i fM?idj by the Authority of my Plavty be^ 
eiufe we are ndt Certain hut wd may have Occafion 
wrfekues for thofe very things before we get more 5 
ettidfor that Keajon I prohibit a Gathering ; and I 
fwear by all that is Great and Good^ that if / know 
limy i'bing wbatfoever carry dj or left on Board the 
iShop againft my Order ^ or without my Knowledge^ 
that very Infidnt J will fet her on Bre^ and you 

Uooh which I laid, that fince it was thehr 
Fteaiore to order it thus, I begged that they 
*woukl not pot flve on Board th6 Sloop in fuch a 
Condition j but rather begg*d, if they fe pleasM^ 
to do what they would with the Sloop, and put 
irne, and my two Boys, alhore dn one of the 

Rnjff^/faid, No s for they were to Leeward of^ 
Ml the Ifknds, and ihould hardly come near any 
^ them tiiis Seafbn again. 

I faid, I Ihould rather be put afliore any where 
elfe, cither on the Coaft of Guinea^ or on what- 
ever Coaft they came at firft, than be put 
i^ a Vidim on Board the Sloop ; where I ihould 
have no Poffibility of any Thing but perilhinf ^ 
cxc^t by an extraordinary Miracle. 

He told me, My Fate was already decreed by 
the G)mpany5 and he, by his Place, was to fee 
all their Orders put in Execution ^ and he would 
accordingly fee me fafely put on Board the Sloop, 
in the exaft Condition as he had but now men- 

I was going to make him a Reply, but cafting 
my Eye on Capt. Loe^ he wink*d at me to be fi- 
lent 'y and taking a Bumper, 4rank Succefs to 
their Proceedings. The Health went round, 
and L(?^ ordered the great' Bowl to be fiU'd with 
Punch, and Bottles of Wine to be fet on the 
Table in the Cabbin, to which we all refbrted, 
and Ipcnt the remaining Part of the Evening in 
Difeourfes on difierent Subjeds : Only Frank 
Spriggs otfer'd to perfwade me to accept of what 
was firft ofFer'd me, which Rujfel fwore I ihould 
not now have, I having not once, but feveral 
Times already refused it. Capt. Loe not being 
then willing to have any more of that Kind of 
Difcourfe, broke it off oy finging a Song, and 
enjoining every one prefent to do the fame, exr 
cept me, whom he faid he would excufe 'till 
Times grew better with me : And thus they di- 
verted themfelves, and pafi'd the Evening away 
^till towards eight a-Clock, and then every one 
repaired on Board their relpedive Ships s and, 
after they were gone, Loe and I, and two or 
three ot his Confidents, fmoak'd a Pipe, and 
drank a Bottle or two of Wine 3 in which Time 
he told me. He was very forry that Jack Ruffel 
was fo fet againft m^. I faid, So. was I, and 

wondered what ftould be the Reafbn of it^ hav- 
ing given him no Caufe^ unlefs by drinking that 
Health the preceding Night: I faid, I had im« 
puted to Liquor, the Fury he was then in, and 
was in Hopes, that after that had worked off^ 
his Refentments alio would have cooled, and was 
not a little concerned to find it othcrwife. Loe 
iaid. The Health was not the Cauie, but rather 
the Bfled of his Anger, and a meer Pretence to 
cloak his Refentment for other Difappointments : 
Adding, That I did right to take his Hint given 
me by winking, to anfwer no more ^ Fotj {ays 
he, / knew that every fbing which you could fpeak 
to him J would he taken Edge-ways ; and the more 
you [aid to excufe yourfelf^ the more it would add 
Riel to bis Anger^ which he turned againft you 
who could not refifi him^ hecaufe he coula not have 
bis Will of us 5 but we will, endeavour to draw bim 
off by Degrees j and for that Reafon will not dif- 
charge you^ but I will keep you on Board with me^ 
where he Jhall not hurt nor abufe yoUj except with 
his ^ongue^ which you muft bear^ 'till we fee if we 
can alter bis ^emper^ fo as to deal with you a 
little more favourable than at prefent be defies. 

I thanked him, and all of them prefent, for 
their Favours and Good-will, and it being near 
Midnight, \ye parted, and every one retired to 
his Reft, and I to my Hammock ; and being 
pretty much fetigued the Night before, as. well 
as the preceding Day, foon fell afleep 3 and 
about Day-dawning, I got up, and came upon 
Deck, and walking upon the Quarter Deck very 
folitary, one of the three Men, mentioned before, 

Eals'd by me, and ask'd me how I did, and faid 
e was very forry for the Unkindnefi already 
flxew'd me, and like to be fhew'd ; but it was 
w)iat they expeded, as they had before hinted 
Came, and that ftill there was like to be a tough 

Struggle about me : That Rufel did defi^ td b« 
very barbarous to me, and that Loe^ and a great 
Part of the Company, mtcnded to oppofe him 
in it ; that there were a great many who wcrt 
Kiijjefs Gang of Clan, and defign*d to flarid by 
him in it, and had threatened, that if there were 
much Difturbance about it, they would (hoot me, 
arid fo put an End to the Controverfy : That 
tjiere were fbriie, on the other Hand, th2^t 
threatened hard if they did, to revenge my Death 
by fome of theiirS j ft) that it was likely to be an 
untoward Touch, and he wilh'd it might not 
prove to my Difadvantage in the End; but 
wolild have me ftill to keep a good Heart- and 
truft in God, and hope for the beft, and oy no 
means to fpeak one Word, or concern mvfelf 
either Way, but patiently wait the Iffuc, wnich 
he hoped would be better for me than fome of 
tliem intended ^ arid ft) heartily wiftiing me well, 
"^alkM his Way. 

Now you muft believe theft Accounts were not 
a little fnockirig to me 3 but I had no Friend that 
I could really rely on, but God, to whom 1 
made my Petiticwis, and whofe AfEftance I hum- 
t)ly befought. to extricate me, in his own gckxl 
Time, out or theft Difficulties and Snares wniCh . 
were laid for me on every Side, and, in the' 
mean Time, patiently fo to bear them^ as not 
to murmur and repine at his fatherly Chaftift^ 
xrients, nor, by their Extremity, through Defpe- 
ration, wound my Conicienices but that in sdl 
Things I might, through the Guidance of the 
holy Spirit, be direfted fo . as to fubmit myfeff 
entirely to his Will, who infinitely knew whkt 
was better for me than I knew myftlf 

After fome Time pafs*d, Capt. Lo€ came upoit 
Deck, who ask*d me how I had refted die pre- 
ceding Night ? 1 told bixjv^ Xtry ^^U> canfideriug 

C 8J 3 

Wy prefpnt Cafe ; but, next under God, had 
grounded niy Hopes upon him, to rid me of my 
prei^t Fears, by difpatching njue away as foon a* 
poiEt>Ie he could >'ith 03nyenjen(y. He told 
me. He would do every Thmg in his Powpr tx) 
fiirther my Defire?, and hoped that y/hat Ije hai^ 
already done on my Accowit, would lufficiently 
jQDnvince me of his Defire to ferve me ^ but that 
Things hitherto had fallen out vef y unluckily ^4 
cto^j a^ I mylelf was able to judge by what was 
already pafsd. 

I told him, I had very good Rcafpns to re^ 
jturn him my hearty Thanks, ^d o^nM myfelf 
bound to him in the ftrideft Ties of Gratitude ^ 
and that if it ever Ihpuld be in my Ppwer to 
ferve him, I would not content mylelf with bare 
Acknowledgments of his Favour. 

He faid. His Will was at prplent more extw- 
five than his Power ^ but that he ftill hoped to 
prevail with B.uJ[felj and thofc wbp were o^ bis 
Side, to be more compaffionate to me before I 
parted with them, than at prefent they feem'd to 
intend, and as fbon as he had brought them to 
a better Temper, he then would procure my 
Difcharge ; but if Rujfel ftill continued ine]qora- 
ble, which he Ihould be very fbrry for, then you 
muft endeavour, .lays he, to keep up a go<yi 
Heart, and patiently wait 'till Providence brings 
you out of your prefent Calamities, which I 
hope he will. 

I thank'd him, and told him, I would endea- 
vour to follow his Advice, tho', I fa^d, 'twas 
^fSth fome Impatience that I waited ti> haye my 
Doom dettxmin'd in a Difcharge froni them. He 
ind me be,ealy, it ihould be il^prtly. 

By this Time dxere were IJbveral join'd witji us, 
£o we jbrofce off that Difcoi^if^, apd felt into 

other Talk. 

G 3 Kaout 

[ 8<! ] 

About two or three a-Clock in the Afternoon, 
Capt. Ruffelj Capt. Spriggs^ and fbme of their ^ 
Officers, came on Boaro^ and held a G>nfulta- 
tion, which I was not allow'd to be a Hearer of; 
but underftood afterwards, *twas chiefly about 
their own Afi&irs, in Relation to the further Pro- 
fecution of their intended Voyage ^ and by the 
little mention that was made of me, it appeared, 
that Kujfel continued ftill inflexible, bitterly 
Iwearing, that he would, if he had a thoufand 
Lives, lofe them all, rather than mifcarry in this 
his fix'd Refblution. 

In this difficult Situation I ftood, not daring 
to {peak fi'eely for fear of offending, nor be fi- 
lent, left I (hould be thought contemptuous j 
not knowing how to avoid their Refentments, 
and every Refentment menacing, and often bring- 
ing Death. And thus I tedioufly, as well as 
dangcroufly, pafs'd my Time among them, un- 
til it pleas d God to put it into their Hearts to 
difcharge me; tho% if ferioufly weighM, this 
my D&harge feem'd like lentencing me to a 
lingering and miferable Death ; yet I muft needs 
confefs, confidering the whole Matter, that I 
was in a Manner miraculoufly befriended and fiip- 
ported, even in fpite of Malice, Rage, and Re- 
venge, for which I fhall always pay my humble 
Acknowledgements to the Divine Providence. 

After ftveral Efforts made by Capt. i(?^, and 
others, and abundance of Arguments ufed to 
bring Kujfel to better Temper relating to me ; 
and finding it all to no Purpofe, and that fome 
of his Clan had bound themfelves by Oath \p 
ftand by him, even to my Deftruftion, if the 
Dilpute continued much longer ^ Capt. Loe^ and 
Capt. Spriggs^ and others, who were my Friends, 
refolvM on fending me away as foon as poffible ^ 
and for that Purple Loe^ the i oth Day after I 

[ «7 ] 

m^s taken, made a Signal for a general Conful- 
tation on Board of him 3 and as foon as the Offi- 
cers and leading Men of the other two Ships, 
were aflemblcd, he made a* Speech to them, to 
let them know the Reafon of his calling them to 
a Confultation, telling them, fhat he thought H 
was Stme to difcharge me^ as they bad before a^eed^ 
as alfo to profecute tbetr intended Voyage^ they hav^ 
ing^ lain a long itme dri'ving , and tbatj altogether 
out of their IVay^ by Reafon they could not expeff^ 
either here, or in this Drift, to meet with any 

To this they all agreeing, Capt. Loe told them. 
He thought it would be befi to difcharge me firfi, 
for fe'veral Reafonsj among which, my being cum^ 
berfome to them, as well as unferviceable, they be-' 
ing forced to fail the Sloop themfelves ; beftdes, he 
[aid it was not proper that I Jhould be made ac^ 
quainted with the Defign of their Voyage. 

They ask'd, IVby he did not turn me away? 
Saying, ^hey did not know for what Reafon I had 
been kept fo long, the Company having fettled that 
Matter fo long fince. 

Capt. Loe faid. Gentlemen, you all know what 
Arguments we have had already about this Matter, 
at^ bow Capt. Ruflel, and fome more, were angry 
with the Mafier of the Sloop, and, I verily believe, 
without any Caufe by him given to any of you de^ 
fignedly ; and therefore, I hope you have confide/ d 
better of it fince, and laid ajide your Refentments 
againfi the poor Man j neither, faid he, let us do 
any ^hing now in Paffion, for I do not defign (nor 
would I, if I could) to inforce any of you to com-- 
ply to any S'hiitg againfi your Will ; nor would I 
have you. think. Gentlemen, that I fhall ever fhew 
fo much Refpe£i to any Prifoner, as, on his Ac^ 
count, to caufe a Difference or IVr angling among our 
felves 3 but yet. Gentlemen, give me Leave to fay, 

G 4 ^fact; 

^at tbo* Wi 4re Pirates^ yet W0 $re Men j Mi 
tho' we are deemed by fome People difhoneft^ yet let 
ITJ not wholly diveji ourfelves of Humanity^ and 
make ourfepves more Savage than Brutes. Jf we, 
[end this poor Man away from us^ without Pravifi^ 
ens or Hands to affift him. Pray wvat greater Crun 
flty can there he ? I think the more lingering any 
Death is made^ the more barbarous ^tis accounted hf 
etll Men j and therefore j Gentlemen^ / leaw it to 
your own Confiderafion. 

To this, Kuffel made anfwer, Sthat he^ in the^ 
Company's Name^ had made the Majier of the Sloop 
^rygopd and generjous Offersy in the Hearing of all 
the Company ^ but that Ihad^ in bis Opinion^ afier> 
a very flighting Manner^ refusd them : that 'twas 
my Qhoice to be fent thus on Board the Sloops rathen 
than the Compulfion ef the Company ; and tbat^ not-^ 
pithftanding he told me what I mufi truft to bf 
infifiing on the Sloops and how fc^ixmrahle they were 
defied to be to me^ if I would have but a little. 
Patience 'till they could provide for me^ yet that I 
pad refused their Faojours^ nofwitbftanding the Pains 
he took to perfwade me y adding an egregious Fal-* 
Ihpod, (but I durft not tell him fo) ^bat I bad 
petitioned and beggd of the Company^ rather to be^ 
put in the Sloop in the Condition he now proposed for 
ine^ and that therefore^ according to my Defire^ if 
pouidbefo ; and be hoped it couid never b^ reckon a 
Cruelty in them to give a Perfon bis free Choice. 
j4nd^ Gentlemen^ fays he, we have bad a j^eai 
many more IVords about this Matter already ^ tham. 
ever we had in the like Cafe before ; but I hope yofi 
aU have fQ much Value and Kefpe£i for one another^ 
and for the generalJPeace^ as that wejballbave no 
mor^ Debate on thts Head^ hut det^mine at once. 
tie, ^tme, when he is to be difcbar^d^ the Manner 
of it beim already fettled by the major Party and t 
f[ y9^^ ^^^r-w0er^ as my Office r^quires^, uiifl 

«..■.. V 


ffe it imcufei^ and, perbafs, in a more favpufahh 
Manner than at firji I aefim% or be really de^ 
ferves at mine or your Hams either ^ hut let tbaf 

teji there. s 

Then Capt. Lee faid^^ Mr. RufTel bath fpoke te 
yeUj Gentlemen, his Sentiments, whieh, in tha 
fnain, are reafonable and true, and lam glad he is 
reconciled to the Mafier of the Sloop h^ore their 

?arting^ and, I cannot fay, hut I always believed 
ack Rwflel to he a Man of fo much Senfe, as well as 
Qood-nature, that he would fcorn to take Ken^cnge 
on one whofe Condition rendered him uncapable of 
helping himfelf. And J think, Gentlemen^ we may 
• difcharge him as footi as you pleafe, and this Afi^r^ 
noon, if you are all agreed to it. They aU (aid 
Ay. Upon which Rjijfel told them, jt fliould be 
done that Afternoon 5 tellii^ Jjoe, fhat after 
Dinner he would take me on Board the Scooner 
V>itb him, and, from thence^ fend me on Board tha 
Sloop, and fee what could he done for me. 

Some of hoe^s Company (aid, ^bey would look 
put fome things, and give me along with me when 
I was going away ^ ^ut Kujfel told them, tbey . 
jhould not, for he would tofs them all into Davy 
Jones' J Locker ;/ tbey did ^ for I was the Scooner s 
Prize, and fbe bad all my Cargo and Plunder on 
Board of her, and therefore what was given to pe 
Jbould he given to me out of bet : Andtuming to 
me (aid, lyell, Mafter, J will this Evening put 
you on Board your own Sloop, and will be abetter 
Friend to you, perhaps, than them that pretended 
a great deal more ^ hut I am above being led hy 
Paffijon, &c. They all din'd on Board of Loe^ 
who, after Dinner, ordered a Bowl of Punch to 
be made in the great Silver Bowf, and (et a 
Dozen of Claret on the Table, and that they 
feid was for me to take my Leave of them, and 
part Sailor-like. I thankM them ; (b they drank 

■ w 

C 90 3 

rotmd to my good Succds, and then to their 
own fortunate Proceedings and good Succefi; 
and Loe told me. He mfioi me nyery wellj and 
hoped to meet with me again^ at fome iime when 
they had a good Prize of rich Goods ^ and he would 
not fail to make me a RJetaliation with good Aivan- 
t^e for my prefent Lofs. And they all prefent 
fiid, / need not fear meeting with a Friend^ when^ 
0wr I met with them again. 

About duskifhy they began to prepare to go 
on Board their Ships, and I took my Leave of 
Capt. Loe^ and all his Ship's Company, and in 
particular of. the three Men, who, I believe, 
were my hearty Friends, and returned them all 
Thanks for their Kindnedfs, as well as good Hu- 
mour, Ihew'd to me fince my firft coming on 
Board of them. I alfb took my Leave of Capt. 
SprizgSj and thofe of his Company who were 
prefent, wifli'd me well, but not one of them, I 
believe, dar*d to give me any Lumber with me, 
nor duril I have accepted of it had they offered 
it, for Fear of angering my but newly and feem- 
ingly reconciled Enemy, who, in all Likelihood, 
would have taken from me whatever they would 
have given me : And for that Reafbn I believe it 
was, that none of them offered to give me 
a Farthing, notwithftanding all their Profeffions 
of Kindnefs to me ^ tho* this Generofity is very 
ufual with them, to People that they profeis 
much lefs Favour for, than they did to me. 

Kujfel being ready, I was ordered to go in his 
Boat, which I did ^ and, as fbon as we were 
come on Board the Scooner, he ordered a Sup- 
per to be got ready, and, in the mean Time, 
there was a%Bowl of^ Punch made, and fbme 
Wine let on the Table. Kujfel invited me down 
into the Cabbin, as alio all his Officers, and we 
drank and Imoak'd 'till Supper was brought, and 


then he told me 1 was very welcome, and bid 
me eat and drink heartily ; Rfy he {aid, / bad 
as tedious a Voyage to go through^ as Elijah*^ fort;f 
Days journey was to Mount Horeb, and^ as fat 
as be inew^ mtbout a Miracle^ it mtft only be by 
tbe Stren^b of wbat I eat now ; for I Jhould have 
neither Eatables nor Drinkables witb me in tbe 

I told hiniy / boped not fo : He rapt out a 
great Oath, ^bat I Jhould find it certainly true. 
I told him, ^Tbat rather than be put on Board tbe 
Sloops in that Maimer^ where there was no PoffibU 
lity to efcape perijbing^ without a Miracle^ I would 
fubmit to tarry on Board^ 'till an Opportunity of- 
ferd to put meafhore where they pleas' d ; or would 
yield to any ubing elfe they Jhould think fit to 
do with me^ excepting to enter into their Service. 

He faid. It was once in my Power to have been 
my own Friend ; but my flighting their proffered 
Favours ^ -and my own chufing wbat I now muft cer* 
tainly accept^ bad render d me uncapable of any 
other Choice 5 and that therefore all Apologies were 
but in vain; and be thought he Jhewd himfelfmore 
my Friend than I could well expeSt^ or than I bad 
defer\)d at his Hands^ having caufed him to have 
a great deal of Difference witb the Company^ more 
than ever he had in his Life before^ or ever Jhould 
have again^ be boped. 

I told him, / was very forry that I was fo un^ 
fortunate as to be the unhappy Occafion of it ; but 
could from my Heart aver^ that it was not only un^ 
defign'dy but alfo forely againji my htclinations ; 
and begg'd of him, and aU the Gentlemen then 
prefent, to confider me as an ObjeCi rather of their 
Pity J than of their Revenge. 

He told me, All my Arguments and Perfwafitms 
now were in vain^ it being too late : / had not only 
refused their Commiferation when I was offer d itj 

[ 9» ] 

^ tut UngfAtefutty defpis'd if : therefore j fays he^ 
MS I told fm hrfmj ifs m vain fdt you to plead 
any mor^ : Tow Lot is esfft^ and pu hum nothing 
nosp ta do J hut to go through with your 0ii(nce as 
mil at ydu can^ ana fill your Belly withgui^ Vifiu-!^ 
Mis and good Drink j to ftrongtben you to hold it as 
long as you can : It may be^ and is wsry prahahle 
to be J the laft Meal that ever you may eat in this 
World : However^ perhaps j fucb a Cotifcientious 
Mm as you would fain feenty or it may be are^ 
ptay have a fupematuraly or, at leafty a natural 
Means wrotMst by a fupern^tural Power ^ in a mi- 
raculous Jmnnetj to deliver you. HoTipever^ J 
cannot fay but I pity the two Boys^ and have a 
great Mind to take them on Boards and let th^ 
miraculous Deliverance be wrought on you alone. 

The Mafter and Gunner ftid, they heard the 
Boys fay^ they were willing to take their Chance 
tcith their Mafter ^ tet it be what it would. Nay^ 
then^ lays Kuffel^ ifs fit they fhould. J fuppofe 
their Majier has made them as religious and as con-' 
fcientious as himfelf Howe'very Mafier^ fays Biuf- 
fely (fpeaking to me) / would have you eat and 
4rink heartily y and talk no more about changing 
your allotted Chance ^ becaufc^ as I told you b^ori^ 
it is all in vain ^ befidesy it may be a Means ^ 
Provocation to ferve you worfe. 

Gentlemen^ fays I, / have done : I will fay no 
more i you can do no more than God is pleas d to 
permit you ; and I own^ for that Keafon^ I ought 
to take it patiently. 

Welly welly fays Kuffely if it be done by Code's 
Permjffiony you need not fear that he will permit 
Mny Thing hurtful to befall fo good a Mian as yot^ 

J^bout tm a-Clock at Night, he order'd ta 
^ali the Sloop^s Boat, which was brought hf 
(k«m of tfa^ Firates of bis own Clan, who were 


C >}] 

ftatiohM on Board of her, and isk^d ihm^ if 

they had diMe as ie had ordered them^ vis. to ^at 
the SloGpof enkry 9%iHg? And thfcy laid Tes^ ra{M 
ing out ^ grrat Oadi br two, adding^ Sbe bai 
nothing m Hoard exoepi^aJlaft and IVattt. Z— irfj, 
fiid Ri#/, did not I bid you ftOve aft the CasAk 
that had Wmt)r in tbm oh Board ? So ^ dfcf^ftid 
thejr ; hut the fTater^that me [poke of was Salt*» 
watery ieiik'd in hy the Vejfel^ and is How aboi^ 
the BaUafi ; for m bavie not pumped her we do no^. 
know when. 

Said Bjiffel, Ha^e yon hrou^t away the Sails t 
told you of? Thcyftid, j^lhut the Mtinfailtbai 
was hent^ for the other old Mainfail that be bad 
iyrder^d to he left^ was good for nothing hut to cut 
up for Pdrcehftg^ and hardly for that^ ft was jh 
rotten ; befides^ it was fo tom^ that it coMd not hi 
hrongbi ibo^ imd was paft mendings ahd for thdit 
Ke^on they let it lie^ arid ivould not unbend the other 

Z-^dsj lays Rujfel^ we tnuft have it^ for I want 
it to mkke us it Miiinfaii. D—n it^ faid the Men, 
then you muft turn the Man adrift in the Sloop with* 
out a Mdinfail. 

Pijby laid Kujfel^ the fame miracutous Power 
that is to bring him Provifions, can alfo bring him 
a Sail. 

Hnt^at a De'vil^ is be a Conjurer ? laid one of 

Noy no J lays Kuffel^ but he experts Miracles to 
be wrought for bipt^ or be never would have cbofei^ 
what be bath. 

Kay^ nay^ laid they, // he he fucb a one^ he 
will do well enough ; but I douht, lays one of 
them, he will fall Jhort of bis Expe^ation ; for if 
he be fucb a mighty Conji^er^ how the Devil wW^iP 
it that be did not conjure bimfelf clear of tts?^ 

1194 3 

Pijb^ faid another, it may he bis cmjuring Books 
were Jhut up. Ay^ butj (aid another, new we 
ban)e hove all bis Conjuration Books over Boards I 
doubt be will be bard put to it to find tbem ^ain. 

Comey cottie^ iays the Gunner, Gentlemen^ tbe 
poor Man is like to go tbrougb Hardjbip ^nougb^ 
emd very probably mayperijb ^ yet it is not impo0le 
but be may meet wHb/ome Shlp^ or otber timely Suc^ 
€our^ to prevent bis perijbing^ and J heartily wijb 
be may i but bowever^ you ougbt not to add Af 
fiieiiom to tbe j^jUBed ; Tou bave fentenc'dhim to a 
very daugereus Cbance^ wbicb I tbink is fufficient 
iejhp ymr iSoutbs from making a Droll and Game 
rf hm. J would bave you confider^ added he, if 
amy of you were at Tyburn, or any otber Place to 
bo oxeaOod^ as many better and ftouter Men than 
kme rf yoUj bave been^ and tbe Spoliators^ or 
Jade Ca»:h Jbould make a Broil and May-game of 
yoUy you would tbink tbem a very bard-bearted^ as 
mtlJ as an ittconfiderate Sort of People : And pray^ 
fymlomen^ confider tbe Sentence wbicb you are now 
going to execute on this poor Mauy will be as body 
ot ratber worfe^ than one of our Cafes would be 
tiere^ becaufe^ unlefs Providence ftand bis Friend 
m an extraordinary Manner, bis Death muft as cep- 
Uinly enfue or be tbe Confequence of this your Senr 
teucey as it would there be to any of us by tbe SetP' 
Huce of a Judge, and fo much the more miferaUe, 
fy boziJ much it is more lingering. 

Damn it, faid RMjfel, we bave had enough, and 
too much of this already. 

Ay, laid the Gunner, a}ui take Care, Ruflel^ 
you have not this to anfwer for one Day, when pcr^ 
haps you will then, but too late, wiJb you had w- 
ver do?ie it. But you have got tbe Company's Af- 
/cut in this, I cannot tell bow, and therefore IJbaU 
Jay no more, only that I, as I believe mcfi of tbe 
^ ^pa)}yy came here^to get Money, but not to kill. 

[95 3 

txcept in Fight ^ and not in cold Bhod^ or for frU 
wate Revenge. And I tell you^ John Ruflel, if 
ever fucb Cafes as tbefe he any more fraSiis^d^ my 
Endeavour Jball he to leave this Company as fom 
as I pof/ihly can. 

To which Ruffel iaid nothing in Anfwcr 5 but 
bid the Men that'came on Board in the Boat, to 
leave the Sloop's Boat on ^oard the Scooner^ 
and take the Scooner's Boat with them on Board 
the Sloop ; and, as ibon as they iaw the Lights 
upon Deck on Board of the Scooner, to come 
away from the Sloop with the Scooner^s 3oat, 
and bring the Mafter of the Sloop*s biggeft Boy 
with them ^ and to take their Hands out of the 
Sloop's Boat, and put the Mafter's Boy on Board 
of the Sloop's Boat with his Mafler, and let 
them go on Board themfelves with their Boat, 
and to be fure to bring the Sloop's Mainfail with 
them, and alfb the Mate of the Sloop. All 
which they faid they would do ^ fb away they 
went ; and then Ruffel told me. He would, give 
me fometbing with me to remember bim 5 which was 
an old Musket, and a Cartridge of Powder, but 
for v/hat Reaibn he made me that Prefent, t 
cannot tell ; and then order'd the Candles to be 
lighted in the Lanthorns and carry'd upon Deck, 
and order'd two Hands to ftep into the Sloop's 
Boat to carry me away, and to execute his for- 
mer Orders ^ and then fhaking Hands with me, he 
wifli'd me a good Voyage. I told him I hoped I 
fliould. The Gunner, Mafter, and feveral of 
the Crew, (hook Hands with me aUb, and hear* 
tily wifli'd me Succefs, and hoped I fliould meet 
with a fpeedy and fafe Deliverance. I thank'd 
them for their good Wifhes ; and told them I 
was now forced into a Neceffity of going through 
it, whether I would or not ; but thank'd God I 
was very eafy at prefent, not doubting \u God's 

C pO 

Mercy to mc, tho* I was not deierving of it : 
And that if I was permitted to perifli, I knew 
the ^orft $ and doubted not but be would graci* 
oufly pardon tnv Sim5 and receive me tb his 
Everlafting Reft ; and, in this R<^k^ what 
they had intended for my Misimtuhe, would be 
the Bi^inning of my Happinefs ^ and that in the 
mean Time, I had nothing to do but to refigh 
Inyfelf to his biclled Will and Proteftion, and 
bear my Lot with Patience. And fb bidding 
them farewell^ I went over the Side into the 
Boar, which was direftly put cff^ and about 
half Way between the Scooner and Sloop, we 
met the Scooner's Boat, and, according to dietf 
Orders from KuJJel^ they put my Boy on Board 
of me, and lb put away again to get i^ Board 
their own Veflel. 

After their Boat put away from us, I thought 
I heard the Voice of my Mate, but was not cer- 
tain, becauie he fpoke fo low, his Coti&ience 
chedcing him, I iiippofe, for his leaving me fo 
baiely. I caird to him, and faid Arthur, what 
are you Tp^S ^o have me ? He anfwerM, Af. 
IV bat ^ &id I, do ytm do it njoluntary^ or are you 
forced? He anfwer*d faintly, lam forc'd^ ftUnk. 
I laid, /r was very ivell. He called to me agaki^ 
and Ikid, He would defire me to write to bis Bro^ 
iber^ and yrrve bim an Account where be was^ if 
ever I Jboutd bave an Opportunity. I told bim, 
I did not know wbere bis Brother lin)d. He called 
and faid. He kv^d in Carlingford. I told him, / 
did not know wbere that was. He ^d, ih was in 
Ireland. O^by^ faid I, you told me in Sarbadoa 
that you was a Scotchman, and that all your 
Briettds Md in Scotland. But he made me no 
further Anfwer ^ but away they row'd towardis 
their Veflel, and I towards the Sloop, and it be^ 
ing a very darJc, as well as a dole N^t^ it ^^ras 


its milch as ever I could do to ijbe her i this be^ 
ing the laft Time that I Ipoke to, or faw any dt 
them, nor do I ever more defire to fee them, ex- 
cept at fbme Place of Execution. 

I fliipp*d this Man at Barbadoes^ and he told 
me then>, that he had been Mate of a Sloop b^r 
longing to Ibme Part of New-England^ but was 
ftipwreck'd, and loft every Thing ^ and was al-^ 
moft naked when I firft met with hjm, not hav-» 
log a Shirt, or any Thing elfe of Cloathing, to 
fliifi in the Room of what he had on, 'till they 
were wafli'd, neither had he any Moneys but 
was out of Debt there I believe, becaule I ne- 
ver heard of any Body's coming after him for 
any Demands that Way, as is mual for Land- 
lords, ^c. in thofe Parts in fuch Cafes 3 for as 
foon as any of their Lodgers or Debtors are 
ihipp'd on Board any Veflel, they make it their 
Bufineis to find out the Mafter, and acquaint 
him with their being Creditor to fuch a Perfon ^ 
and in Prefence of the faid Perfon procure a 
Promiie, if they can, from the Mafter to keep 
their Wages, as they fliall become due, in hia 
Hands, or, at leaft, fo much as amounts to the 
Debt, 'till his Return there, obliging the Debtor 
•to affign Over to the Mafter an Order to author- 
rife him fo to do, otherwife they will not fuffer 
him to go off the Ifland. I bought him Cloaths 
and Inftruments, with fuch other Neceflaries as I 
thought might be abfolutely requilite for him to 
the Performance of the Voyage. 1 obferv'd no-* 
thing ^ in him tending to any of the common 
Vices, too common among Seafareing Men, eP- 
pecially thofe who have frequented thefe Parts j 
to wit. Swearing, Drunkennefs, Debauchery, 
t3c. He wis a pretended rigid Presbyterian, and 
leem'd mighty averfe to the Church of England^ 
as eftablilh'd by La>«^, about which we hacTfeve- 


fdl Arguments. I do not remember, all the 
Time that he was with me, to have heard him 
Iwear ; and yet, as my biggeft Boy told me, af^ 
ter he had acquainted the Pirates of his Reiblu« 
tion, (or rather returned to be a Pirate again, as 
he^by his own Dilcourfe to then^^ manifefted) 
then, it feems, he far exceeded the moft profli- 
gate of them, both in the Frequency and Hor- 
riblenefs of them ; and, as my Boys told me, was 
almoft conftantly dnmk, while on Board the 
Slo(^, after the Pirates had taken me. 

But to proceed : My Boy and I got on Board 
the Sloop, and found neitner Fire, nor Candle^ 
nor any Thing that we knew of on Board to 
make the one or the other. I conld hear the 
Water which the Sloop had in her, by her Mo- 
tion with the Sea, rowl from one Side to the 
other, as if Ihe had been almoft full of Water : 
I askM the Boys when fhe had been laft pump'd, 
and whether fhe had been then fiick'd dry ; they 
told me. She had not been pumped thefe three 
Days paft, and that (he had then been fuck*d 
dry ; and they faid they would have pump'd her 
ieveral Times fince, but the Pirates fwore at 
them, and would not let them, faying. Damn 
her, let her fink and be damn d, they had a Boitt 
on Board fiilficient to carry them all to their own 
Ships 5 and agreed to have cut a Hole through 
her, or fire feveral Shot through her Bottom as 
that Night, in order to fink her, and with the 
Boat to go all on Board their own Veflel ; and 
were confulting about the Manner of doing it, 
juft as the Scooner called for them to fend the 
Sloop's Boat on Board ; and they verily believed 
fhe had been quitted, if not fonk by this Time, 
if they had been let alone. 

I made 

[ 99l 

t made fail: a Rope to the Maft for a Mainrope, 
tod went down in the Hold to fee what Quantity 
of Water was in the Sloop, and finding it not 
above a Foot above the Ballaft, I was a little en- 
couraged, though that vfh difinal enough, but 
yet nMhing/nigb fb bad as at firft I thought it 
was ; for, indeed, by the Noife that the Water 
made;, with the Motion the Sea gave the Veflfel^ 
I thoughi: ihe had beoi half full at leaft ; but 
finding it betto: than I expeAed, I was in Hopes 
to frec^her ; and when once freed, we had little 
Reafbn of doubting, but what we ihould be able, 
whik our Strength held out, to keep her fb, ^till 
it pleased God to fend us fbme Succour. 

{ came upon Deck, and ask'd Potter^ my big- 
geft Boy, if the Pumps were in order, or whe- 
1^^ the Pirates had broke or put them out of 
order-? He iaid, he thought not ^ fb I went to 
work with them,, being the only Way to know j 
) put the two Boys to one Pump, and I exer- 
cised the other ; I bid them not ftrike with the 
Pump, but to draw a long drawing Stroke, which 
in a Manner delivers as much Water as ftriking, 
cfpeciaily when there are not Hands to Spell (that 
is, to take Turns while the others recover Breath) 
beiides, it doth not tire fb fbon, and confequent- 
ly would not make them fb drowthy as flriking 
would. I inquired what drinking Water they 
had on Board. Potter told me, he believ'd there 
was not one Drop of firefli Water on Board, be- 
caufe, he faid, all that was in the Sloop, except 
one Hogfliead, was fent on Board the Pirates j 
and after they came from on Board the Scooner, 
the two Men that went in the Boat faid, Capt. 
Kujfel ordered them to flave that, and not leave 
one Drop of frelh Water on Board the Sloop. 
But^ Sir^ faid he, / think they have done as bar- 
i^oufiy by us in another Refped^ as in leaving us 

. H 2 nsottbou\ 

Without Provtfions. Ay^ faid I, What is that ? 
IVby^ faid he, they han)e taken all our Sails ^ except 
the Jib and old Forefail that is bent, and that old 
Mainfail that is good f^ nothings it is fo rotten. 
What^ laid I, have they fervid us fo^ (making as • 
tho* I had known nothing of the Matter, neither 
did I but of the Mainfail, which Kujfel ordered 
them to unbend, and bring away with them 
when they came away from the Sloop.) iVellj 
fays 1, never fear^ Boy^ I truft in God we Jhall do 
well enough ftill^ in defpight of all their Malice. 
Ay^ Ay J Sir^ fays the Boy, / do not fear it^ and 
Mm heartily glad we are got clear of them, ^hey 
often askd me to enter ^ and go along with them^ 
hut I would rather chufe to go with a Turk or In- 
fidel : Bejides^ was I fure to perijhy I could not 
ieave you^ when I confider how kind you have been 
to me J and Jhall never forget it while I live : And 
J wonder^ fays he, that. Mr. Hunter (J. e. the 
'M2ite)Jhould be fo barbarous to leave you in this 
Extremity^ as fome of the Pirates here on Board 
told him^ for he had acquainted them how kind you 
had been to him^ and they refused at firft to enter 
him i and I believe they would not have let him 
enter ^ if it had not been for Capt. Ruflel. 

I fhall take Leave briefly to mention in this 
Place fbme Account of this Boy : His Name is 
Potter-^ apd he had ferv'd his Time to a Potter 
at Kingfton upon Thames ^ and after, in a youths 
ful Frolick, inconfiderately took a Fancy to go 
to Sea, and in order thereto fpoke to a Man 
who pretended to be a Crimp:^ i. e. one that ufed 
to provide Sailors with Voyages, Boys to Ma- 
ilers, i^c. and who undertook to help him to ond. 
This Fellow {o managed the Matter, as to bind 
hftn a Plantation-Servant for America for the 
Term of five Years 3 and after the Boy was put 
on Board the Ship, and found how he had been 

trapannM, he began to repent of his Voyage ; 
but they made« him believe they were at very 
great Charges for the Crimp's Trouble and Pains, 
and for his Lodging, Diet^ ^c. which they en- 
hance to fuch a Sum, as they thought was above 
his Purfe, and demanded to be reimbursM o^ 
before his Acquittal ^ fo that 'for want of Friends, 
or thro' Shame to apply himfelf to them, he 
was forc*d to acquiefce, and was carry'd to Bar" 
hadoesy where he was to be fold ; and I under- 
ftanding jhe Lad^s unhappy Cafe, upon his 
Prayers, and Promifes what a good and faithful 
Servant he would be, I bought his Time, and 
paid twelve Pounds for him of that Country 
Money: And, indeed, I always found him, nor 
only true and faithful to my Interefl, but af- 
fedlonate to my I^erfon, infomuch, that it rais'd 
my Value for him, fo that J lookM upon him 
:!rather as a Child or Relation, than as a bare 

But to return: In this Manner we pump'd 
and talk'd, fometimes the one, and fometimes 
the other, and gained upon the Veflel apace, in- 
fomuch, that before Day-light we had fuck'd 
her dry, and then we gave over. I forgot to 
mention, that Ruffel, when he gave me the old 
Musket, and the Cartridge of Powder, gave me 
alfo two half Pound Papers of Tobacco, and 
Potter finding a Ihort broken Pipe in the Cabbin, 
I Imoak'd a Pipe, and lying too under my Fore- 
fail all Night, when Day appeared I look'd all 
about me, but loft Sight of the Pirates, who, I 
dTuppofe, made Sail in the Night, not caring I 
ftould know or fee which Way they bent their 
Courfe, for , fear of giving an Information of 
them y for they were prodigioufly afraid of meet- 
ing with any of his Majefty's Ships, nor could 
-^ey endure to hear any Talk of theip : Though 

H 3 ^ 


as fecrct as they thought they had kept the De- 
iign of their inteiided Voyage from me, yet I 
perfeftly knew it to be to go diredly for the 
Coaft of Guinea^ and to fetch as far to Wind- 
>¥ard as they could, and then to cruife along 
that Coaft, and then ftretch over on the Coaft 
of BrafiL where th<fy promised themielves Moun- 
tains ot Treafure , from thence along the 
Coaft of Guana^ and fb down among the Iflands, 
and to be at the latter End of the Spring on the . 
Coaft of North Americaj namely, Carolina^ Vir- 
giniaj New^Tork^ New-England^ and fb by the 
Summer, to be on the Coaft of Newfoundland ; 
Ktijfel being the chief Scheme Projedor in the 

As fbon as the Day broke out clear, I went to 
work, to find out, whether, by Chance or Defign, 
they had left on Board any Thing fitting to eat or 
drink. I made my firft Search in the Cabbin, 
and fwept out of all the Bread-lockers, near the 
Crown of my Hat full of Duft and Crumbs toge- 
ther, of Bisket, which I fecur'd very fafe 3 and, 
in another Locker, I found four or five Hands 
of Tobacco, which, with the Pound given me by 
'Rujfel^ made up a good Stock of that Commodi- 
ty. I found alio, four or five fhort broken Pipes 
about the Cabbin, and they left my Fore-fiaff^ 
with only the ^hirty-crofs^ having, as I fuppofe, 
flung the other Crofles over-board. They left 
me alfo my Bedding, that being ufelefs to them, 
there being not above three or four in any of the 
Ships, that lay either in a Cabbin or Hammock, 
namely, the Captain, Mafter, Steward, and Gun- 
ner, the reft kennelling like Hounds on Deck, or 
where they could. 

From the Cabbin, I went into tfie Hold^ and 
rummaged there, and found in one Hogflie^id,^^ 
bout the Quantity of ten Gallortsj , a$ near ^ I 

C '05 3 

could gue(&| of Rum, and, in a Rice Cask, be- 
tween 20 and 3 o Pound of Rice ; and, fearching 
farther, I found a fmall Renmant of Flower in 
the Bottom of a Flower Cask. I tried, aiid 
drained all the Water Casks, and found that to 
be our icarcefl: Commodity, not being ^ole to 
drain out of all of them, above two 6r three 
Pints. • 

Having ften all my Store of Proyifions, and 
what I had, under God, to truft to of that Kind, 
I proceeded next to examine what Condition my 
Sails were in ; and, I cannot fay, but I took it 
m^re barbarous of them, to take my Sails fi*om 
me, than their turning me away without Water 
or Provifions 5 at leaft, I verily believe Rujfel , 
thought I had not one Mouthful of any Sort of 
Eauble, nor one Drop o£ Water ^ they left me 
the fame Jit^ that was bent, and an old Fore- 
Sail, and an cAd Main-Sail that was much rent, 
torn, and rotten : I haled it upon Deck, and 
jpread it, but was at a fad iofs, how to conmve to 
mend it. I went down into the Cabbin, to lee 
whether they had left any Needles or Twine, and 
found in the Twine-Locker, half a Dozen Skeins 
of Twine, but not one Sail-Needle. Potter, in 
the mean Time, was hunting in the Mens Chefts 
and Lockers in the Steerage, and found in one of 
them, fix Needles, and about a Pound and a half 
of Twini, and two Pawms y at which, I was ve- 
ry glad, and we went to work to mend the Main- 
Sail, but not having Stuff enough on Bosurd, I 
cut off the firft Reef, and tabled down the Foot 
of it again, and fbwed on the Bolt-Rope, and, 
with what I cut off, I mended it as far as it would 
go, and what more more was wanting, we mended 
with fbme old Canvas, which lay in the Mate's 
Cabbin, underneath his Bed, which, by good luck, 
was neither taken away, nor hove over-board. 

H4 ^^ 

• • • 

Wc were three Days fixing and mending thfe 
Main-Sail, before we could fit it fo as to bend it ; 
during which Time, we had light Winds, C^lms, 
with variable Airs of Wind, cloudy, and moftly 
lovercaft by Day, but clear and Star-light com- 
monly by Night, but faw nothing like a Veffel all 
this Time, which was the chief and principal 
Thing we looked out for. 

The fourth Day in the Morning, we bent the 

^ Main-Sail, but it proving calm, did not let it, 
but lay driving and rowling in the, Sea, with only 
the Fore-Sail up, aijd had been fo ever fince we 
were left by the Pirates ; our daily Food was raw 

. Flower, or Rice, with a Dram of Rum ; laying 
up lafe, our little Stock of Water, till I had a 
little idle Time, and then I got fome Flower up, 
and made as much Dough as my Water would, 
of which I made Cakes, and baked them- on the 
Bottom of an iron Pot which I had on Board ^ 
and, after I had baked all, which was four little 
Cakes, I took one, and divided it among us three, 
but Potter was very unwilling to eat any, defiring 
me, to keep the Bread all for myfel^ to take a 
Dram with, and faid, he and the little Boy 
could eat raw Rice and Flower well enough, and 
that it agreed very well with him, and fo little 

?ack faid too, and that they had not luffer'd any 
hing as yet, either as to Hunger or Thirft. I 
told them, they muft take but a very little Rum 
to get down their Flower or Rice, for too much 
would make them dry 3 they faid, they would not : 
fo we eat our Cake, and each of us took a fmall 
Dram of Rum, and {o had the beft Meal that I 
made, fince I c^me lafl on board of the Sloop, 

This Night, I. took two feveral Obfervations, 
one by the North Star, the other, by the Cocks 
Foot, and found myfelf in feventeen Degrees of 
T^prth Latitude, there being fix Minutes Difife- 

t r^nce 

C ^05 3 

rcncc between the two Obfervations, but whether 
this happened by theSett of the Current, the Eye, 
Horizon, or Declination of the Stars^ I ihall not 
now examine nor determine. I had asked the 
Matter of the Scooner, that Night I came away 
from them, What Diftance he reckoned he was 
from the Ifland of St. Antonia ? and he told me, 
about fixty-five, or feventy Leagues, and the 
Ifland bore Eaft, half a Point fbiitherly. 

Next Day we had a frefli Trade, and I began 
to be in a Doubt which Way to endeavour for j 
Guinea being the nigheft and eafieft Land to 
fetch, elpecially with a Trade, or even moft 
Winds ; but I thought to mylelf. What can I do 
when I come there ? I can neither have Credit, 
nor, if I had, could I, but by a meer Chance, 
except on Board a Ship, meet with any Thing 
there to refit me. 

To go for Barbadoes was a long Run, and the 
Seafon being then fo fubjeik to Calms, and moft- 
ly light Winds, it might be a very tedious and 
long Run thither. If I endeavoured to run for 
the Iflaijd^ of the Cape de Verd^ I muft beat 
it up to Windward, if a Trade Wind continued, 
which would alfo be a long Time effeding 3 and 
befides, my Sails, all but the Jib, were fo bad, 
that it would be hazardous, if not impoffible, to 
make them hold out to beat up fixty or feventy 
Leagues right in the Wind's Eye 5 but thole 
Iflands of the Cape de Verd being the nigheft 
Land by far^ the Cqaft of Guinea^ which 
probably I might fetch, being the Diftance 
of about two hundred Leagues, and Barbadoes^ 
the nigheft Ifland of America to us, being 
little lefs than fix hundred Leagues diftant 
from us ; whereas the Cape de Verd Iflands, 
as I faid before, were not above . feventy 
Leagues diftanf at moft, and the Winds in- 

[ ,o6 ] 

cllnable to (hifting, I concluded with myiel^ ta 
endeavour for any one of thofe lilands, but 
chiefly that of St. Nicbotas. 

Tm Trade blowing now about the North 
Korth-Eaft Point, I fet Sail, and ftood to the 
Baftward with my Larboard Tack on Board, by 
which I fliortenM my Way to both the nigheft 
Lands to me at once, namely the Iflands, and 
the G)aft of Guinea ; £o that if the Trade held 
frelh, in about a Week^s Time, I fhould be upon 
the Coafl: of Guinea s and if I run three or tour 
Days as we now lay up, and then, if the Wind 
fliould veer to the Eaftward, or Eaft Southerly, 
then I fiiould have a fair Chance, if not to fetch 
them, yet to fetch very nigh them ; and I muft 
own, that only the Sight of Land would have 
been at this Time very pleafant and reviving to 
our Hopes, which I cannot fay as yet were any 
Thing feintifli. 

So fteering Eaft-and-by-North, Eafl, Eaft- 
and-by-South, and Eafl-South-Eaft, according 
as the Winds would fufier us, I kept my Luff as 
nigh as with a full fair {landing Sail ihe would 
lie, being oblig'd not to touch or hank her up in 
the Wind, becaufe of my Mainfail's being IcC 
fen'd, as I mention'd before, by Reafon I could 
not get Canvas to mend it withal, and therefore 
it may eafily be conceived, that flie neither did 
hold the Wind, nor make the Way through, 
which ihe would have done, had not her Sails 
been leflen'd. 

We failM with a fteady frefli moderate Gale of 
Wind, from ten a-Qock in the Morning 'till 
about eleven that Night, and then the Wind be- 
gan to die away, infbmuch, that between two 
and three in the Morning,, it fell flat Calm, and 
fo continu d ail the Day following 'till about ihe 
in the Alternoon j af&r which Time, we ba4 


I ^«7 ] 

fbmetimes light Airs of Wind, variable from' the 
North Weft, round to the Weftward, and fb to 
the Southward, and to the South-South-Eaft, 
with Thunder and Lightmng, and it look'd as 
if there was a ^um(m brewing ; but we had 
none, neither had we any Rain, though it looked 
very likely, and we very much hoped and long*d 
for it, but in vain. Tnofc variable light Airs of 
Wind would hold fbmetimes half an Hour, other 
ibme left ; fbme of them would be gorte before 
we could get the Sloop's Head the right Way to 
make Ufe of them ; and between thoft Airs be 
flat Calm, one Hour between, Ibme two Hours, 
others two and a half, three, four, five, or fix 
Hours Calm 5 and this Sort of Weather held us. 
better than two Days. We made the beft Ad- 
vantage we could to get as much as pofiible to 
the Eaftward ; and in thefe two or three Days 
we got about twenty-five Leagues, according to 
my Judgment, to the Eaftward , and, by Ob- 
fervation, I found myfelf in fixtecn Degrees and 
fifty-fix Minutes of North Latitude, and, by 
Computation, the Ifland of St. ylnthony bore 
about forty-fix Leagues Difl:ance. 

I ought before to have acquainted the Reader, 
That it was 0^e?^^r the 19th, 1722, that I was 
taken by the Pirates, and the 29th Day of the 
fame Month, they difoharg'd mc, ana I have 
brought down my Relation to the 7th ofNovetn^ 
her ; in the Afternoon of which it falling Cafan^ 
I lowered all my Sails, and let her lie. 

The Night following we had one fmart Show- 
er of Rain, which made us fall to work to iave 
every Drop we couW^ with as much Care and 
Caution, as an Alchymift would ufe in preparing 
his Grand Arcanum ^ and, by that Means, fav'd 
about a Gallon, befides fbme Draughts which 

we drank, and eat fbme Rice with it* 

[ 108] 

We had two or three other finall Showers, 
but fcarce enough thoroughly to wet the Deck, 
and therefore could lave no Water from them. 
We had alfo a great deal of Thunder and 
Lightening, but efpecially in the great Shower. 

About four a-Clock in the Morning, which 
was the 8th Day of November ^ it cleared up, but 
continued calm, and the Sea very fmooth : W heii 
Day broke out I Ipread the Mainfail, and dry'd 
that and the Forelail, both which wanted mend- 
ing again ; and as fbon as the Mainiail was dry 
enough to fow, I began lipon that firft, which 
took me up the moft Part of the Day : In the 
mean Time, I or4er*d a Fire to be made, and 
boiling fome Flower in fome of the Water which 
we had faved, we made a little Pap, which we 
cat, and it went down moft Iweetly, taking a 
Dram of Rum after it, and were very thankful 
to Providence for this delicious Meal, it being 
very warm to our Stomachs. I refolvM to lave 
the reft of the Water for the like Occafion, that 
we might relrelh our Spirits with fo comfortable 
a Recruit, when we might grow feint by eating 
of the raw Rice or Flower. 

It ftiU continued calm, with light Cat-Skins^ as 
we commonly term them in the Sea Dialeft, 
w^iich' are light Airs of Wind, not Ipreading 
perhaps above half a Mile, or fome of them 
aboye the Quantity of an Acre of Ground on 
the Water; fome perhaps reaching you, but 
dying away before you could let your Sails, or 
get your Veflel the right Way with her Head ; 
fome dying away before they reach you, fome 
^oing but juft paft you, ^pd differ from a Breefe^ 
in that the latter Ipreads, or blows all over beyond 
what your Sight can reach, at leaft on one Side , 
jboth Dclng however foft Winds, running on the 
]Pace of the Sea, iQoft commonly after, ar m a 

C ^o$> ] 

Calm, misiking, as it were, a gentle Trepidation 
6r Curling on the Surface of the Sea, and there- 
by giving the Part it ftrikes upon a different Hue 
or Afpcft, infbmuch, that you may fee them at 
a confiderable Diftance, before they reach you. 
Both thefe differ from a Gale in the Sea Notion, - 
in the Strength of the latter : For a Breefe blow- 
ing conftant and a little brisk, it then lofes its 
Name with us, and is call'd a Gale of Wind^ and 
is diftingnifh'd into moderate^ bard^ or taut^ in 
Proportion to the Strength it hath increased to. 
And this Definition ot a Catskin^ Breefe^ and 
Gale^ I thought proper to give for the Sake of 
fuch of my Readers, who are not acquainted 
with the Sea Language. 

After I had mended up the Mainfail, I fixed 
the Forefail as well as I could, and about five a- 
Clock in the Afternoon, Nov. lo, a moderate 
Gale ^rung up at Eaft, and frelhen'd up, and 
veerM to the Eafl:-South-Eafl, and about ten or 
eleven at Night to the South-Eafl. I made Sail 
with the Starboard Tack on Board to the North- 
North-Eafl, North-Eaft, and Eaft-North-Eaft, 
according as the Wind veerM, keeping my Luff^ 
and endeavouring to get to the Eaftward all that 
I could 5 for all that I gainM to that Point, was 
{o much gainM to Windward. 

The Gale continued firelh, yet moderate, fbme- 
times cloudy, fbmetimes overcaft, but often- 
times in the Night clear, till the 12th Day; 
and then the Wind backed to the Ealbvard, and 
by ten or eleven at Night backed to the North- 
Eaft, and North-Eaft-and-by-North, that being 
the true Trade, which caus d me to put about, 
and ftand to the South-Eaftward, and about two 
a-Clock in the Morning, Nov. 13. I obferv'd the 
North Star, and found myfelf in 19 Degrees and 
37 Minutes North Latitude. 

C »»<? 3 

I ftretch'd away to the South Eaftward *tiil the 
x6th Day, and about ten in the Forenoon we 
iaw St. Anthony^ which then bore from us Eaft, 
half, a Point northeriy, and I judg'd we were 
about 1 8 or 19 X.eague$ diftant from it, and it 
jailing calm, we lay with our Sails all down, to 
&ve them from flapping. 

The Cahn cominuing all Bay, and the Sea be* 
ing venr ihiooth, about one or two in the Afrer- 
noon Potter {aw a Shark, a voracious Fifli, the 
Defcription of which is fb conunon, that I fhali 
not trouble my Reader with it. I look'd about, 
and faw four more, but one fwindging one, fwam 
clofe up along Side, and almoft even with the 
Waters Edge. Come^ Conw^ faid I, we wiU^ with 
God's Leave^ have bim by-and-by, Ay^ *Sr, laid 
the Boy, // we had our Shark-Hook^ and a Piec^ 
cjf Beef or Pork, No Matter^ ftid I, we will h^ve 
iim prefently. So I got fbme Rags of feveral 
Colours, and made them &{): together^ ^being 
about the Bulk of a three or four Pound Piece 
of Meat, knowing there is hardly any Thing but 
what the Sharks will fhap at, and having made it 
fail to the End of a Rope, hove it over Board, 
and order'd the Boy to tend it as a Bait,or Decoy. 
and as the Shark came nigh it, to hale it up, ana 
only plav with him, to keep him about the Vefi. 
fcl, while I got ready another Rope, at the End 
of which I made a running bowling Knot, and 
the Nooie fb as to keep it open with one iHand, 
lowering the under Part beneath the Surface of 
the Water about two or three Foot, which was 
eafily done, by Reafon it was flat Calm, and the 
Velfel had no Way at all, holding with my orfxer 
Hand the fingle Part of the Rope, ready when 
the Shark had wholly got his Head through the 


C •«• ] 

Nobfe, to hak, and thereby jam die rdnningf 
Knot taut about him, the Boy all the Time pkiy« 
ing with the Bait befere the Nooie. 

This fell out according to out DdGre ; for the 
Shark coining tip, and endeavouring to get the 
Bait, enter'd his Head through the Stiare ; but I, 
bein^ over-«ager, with a fudden Jirk, jamm'd 
the Noofeclofe, before the Neck Fins were got 
dirough, and haled his Head above Water as 
high as we could, making faft tbeRope^ bat in 
two or three Plunges he flippM his Head out, and 
immediatedy dar^, as it were, out of Sight, 
after whom aU the other Sharks purfued, tii^- 
kigj as 1 iuppofe, he had got fome Prize. 

i waBs not a little concoti'd at his £fa^>e, and 
blamM myieUf for bdag fo hafty, as not to wadt 
'till his Head and Throat Fins had paisM throng ^ 
the Spare before i had jkmm'd it s but my C^ 
cern was difSpated by the ireih Appearance of 
the fame l^iarks, as I fuppos'd, being the fame 
Number, and, as nigh as 1 could gueft, of the 
fame Size j upon which I hove the Bait ova*- 
board again, and fix'd my Snare as at firft, and, 
as I fiippos'd by his Bignefs, the fame Shark 
again mawle to the Bait, but fliunn'd the Snare, 
and fo continued playing about it near three 
Quarters of an Hour, and then he darted at the 
Bait with fuch Swiftnefs, as if he had a 
Defign, either to pals the Noofe, or to make 
fure of the Bait, which he had been deluded 
with fo long. 1 had as much Eagernels to catdfi 
him, as he had to catch the Bait, and my form^ 
Overfight made me more wary and dextrous, 
and as foon as I Judg'd him enter'd far enough 
in the Noofe, I jamm'd the Snare by a fudden 
Jirk of the Rope, and haled him up fo high, 
that his Head, with about a Quarter of his Bo- 
dy, was above Water, and finding him well 

ftcar'd, I let him hang fb, and gave him Tinidf 
to tire himfelf^ by beating againft the Veflelj 
which he did now and then pretty hard. 

When he had lain fb about an Hour, he began 
to be pretty quietj now and then ftriking and 
flouncing, but very weak and fiiint, fo that I 
. thought I might venture to get him in, or, at 
leaft, take him wholly out of the Water, and 
making a running bowling Knot on the End of 
another Rope, I caft it oyer his Tail Fin ^ I jammed 
it clofe, and haled his Tail alfb above Witer^ and 
made it faft. He lay as if he had been dead, for 
about three or four Minutes, and then began to 
ftrike (b hard with his Tail, that at every Stroke 
he made, the Veflel (hook, and fearing it would 
do it harm, I lower'd his Tail dowriin the Watet 
again, and clapp'd a Tackle on the Rope that 
was about his Throat, he being fo heavy, we 
could not hale him by Hands any higher, and 
hoifled him up fb, that about a Foot and a 
half of the Tail Part, was in the Water^ and let 
him hang till he feemed to be almoft dead, and 
then I hoifted him firft by one End, and . then by 
the other, with the Tackle, till we got him in 
upon Deck, and then he began again to ftrike fo 
hard with his Tail, as if he would have beat the 
Deck down, which I fbon put a Stop to, by cut- 
ting off about a Foot of his Tail Part, in which 
lies moft of this Fifli's Strength : He then lay pret- 
ty quiet, and I put an End of a Boot-hook Staflf 
into his Mouth, which he crufliM to Splinters, 
With as much Eafe, as one could fqueeze an Egg- 

On cutting the Belly open, I fbund five yo^ng 
Ones, all ajive, about the Bignefs of a fihati 
Whiting i tho' I have hitherto calFd it He^ acc6rd- 
ing to an old Rule I had been taught at School, 

) CO 

. C"5] 

to reckon any Nouns whofe Gender, by the Rules 
of Grammar, I could not find out, Mafculin€. 

She had a very fine Liver, not blackifli,nor 
darkreddifh. as moft large Sharks have, but of a 
fair gray Colour, which I preferv'd. The whole 
I-ength of the Shark, was fbmething more than 
eleven Foot and a half, and it muft needs be near 
upon 300 Weight. J ftruck a Light by Help of 
the old Gun thztKuffel gave meat parting, which 
I then thought a ufelefs Prefent, and accepted it 
cmly, becauie I dutftdono otherwife ^ but having 
neither Tinder-Box, nor Steel left me, it would 
have been impoilible for us to get Fire without it ; 
and though they left me the two Compafles that 
were in the Beetacle^ there was not one Inch of 
Candle ; which, however, in failing upon a Wind 
I did not much matter, except when any light 
Air, Breefe, or Catskin, came in the Night, and 
the Sky was overcaft, and no Stars to be feen, 
more efpecially if it was large, as any Way from 
the weftern Hank, in which Cafe 1 was forced ta 
fiipply the want of Candle, by blowing a Coal of 
Fire, whereby I could difcem the Compafs fo, as 
to get her Head the right Way. 

Having, as I faid, flruck a Light, and caufed 
a Fire to be made ^ the Pot was put on, with Sea 
Water, and, as foon as our Fifti was boiled, we 
cat heartily of it. After which, I cut the greateft 
Part of the Shark into thin long Slices, and dried 
it in the. Sun to preferve it, having no Salt on 

About ten o' the Clock at Night, it looked 
black to the weflward Board, and lightened much 
that Way, and about eleven, came up a light Air 
of Wind at Wefl North- Wefl, increafing to a 
moderate light Gale. I kept the Fire in, to have 
a Coal always in readinefs, that I nught fee the 
Compaii every now and then, and fteer'd Eafl 


'North-Eaft, choofing tobe well to the Nortli- 
ward, to be ready if the Trade- wind Ihould blow, 
which is moftly North North-£aft and North* 
Eaft and by North. 

It ftill continuing black, and to lighten much in 
the werftern Board, about Midnight it began to 
Thunder, and rained a fmart Shower, of which, 
we iav'd about three Gallons ^ and about four 
o' the Clock in the Morning, it dearM up, and 
the Stars fhewM thenifelves, which iav'd me the 
Trouble of blowing a Coal to fee the Compafs. 

It continuing a fine pleafant fireih Gale, veering 
to the North-Wefl ^ as fbon as it was Day, I fet 
the liland of St. Anthony^ which *bore firom me 
South South-Eafl, about ten Leagues, the Gale 
continuing ftiU ; but dying away by Degrees, 
about eleven in the Forenoon, Novenw. 1 7, it feH 
flat calm again, at which Time, St. Anthony bore 
South and by Weft, about eight Leagues diftant. 

I broil'd u>me of the Fifli tor BresSc&ft, and eat 
of it pretty heartily, which made us all very dry, 
but thank God we had a good Stock of Water, fb 
that now we could venture to drink a little. I 
made them put the Pot on, with fbme frefli Wa-^ 
ter, and a little R ice to boil, and when the Rice 
was a little fbft, I had it thicken'd with Flower, 
and then put a Piece of the Shark's Liver into 
it, fhred fmall, which fbon diflblv'd in it mofUy 
to oil, as Fifh Livers generally do ; and this fervid 
us in the Room of Butter in our Hafly-pudding, 
which we Sailors ufually call Pap, of which, we 
made a hearty an^ pleafant Meal ^ and, as we 
had the Sight of Land, our Hopes were much re- 
vived. I lower'd down all my Sails, and over- 
haled them, and mended what was amifs, the 
Calm continuing till two o' the Qock the Morning 
following, and it being a clear ierene Star-lighe 


Afterwards a Gale fprung up at South-South* 
Weft, and veer'd to the Weft-North-Weft, I 
ftill fteering £aft-North-£aft ; and about eight 
a^CIock in the Morning, Nov. i8, it fell caun. 
and continued fb all that Day, and 'till nine o 
Clock at Night, intermixt with light infignificant 
Airs, and Otskins. The Wind frelhenM up to a 
Gale about ten at Night, with Thunder and 
Lightning . from the North-North- Weft Board^ 
as was the Wind aUb. We had feveral finau 
Showers of Rain, but fb fmall, that we could not 
lave any Water worn them , and as it thundered 
pretty much, and looked very black and thick 
over the Illand of St. Anthony^ we judg'd that 
there fell abundance of Rain that Night there, 
which we heartily grudged them, and had rather 
it had fallen where we were, tho' we had under^^ 
gone a wet Jacket for it, and had no Cloaths to 
mift us. 

In the Morning of Nov. 19, when the Day 
cleared, we could very plainly fee, St. Antbonyy 
St. Vincent^ St. Lucia^ ^erra Branca ^ and the 
Mmte Gourda^ which is the higheft Mountain of 
the Ifland of St. Nicholas^ lying on the North- 
Weft Side of it, but a good Way up in the Land, 
and may be feen from any Side of the Ifland, 
at about nine or ten Leagues Diftance, in the 
Form of a flattifh Sugar-Loaf ^ it bore from ua 
South-South-Eaft about ten Leagues diftant. 

About £)ur in the Afiremoon ^rung up a light 
Gale at North-North-Eaft, and it looked hazy to 
Windward, and. very like a true Trade ^ and t 
was the ratfier inducM to think it fb, becaufe it 
was the Time of Year for the true Trades to 
blow, and for the moft Part to hold ftrong, from 
their firft coming, 'tUl towards the latter Part of 
March i and not knowing but the Wind migh^ 
as is very ufual^ veer to the North-Ea&^ "Ei2&* 

I 2 ^ot^ 

[ "O 

North-Eaft, or perhaps further, and being defi- 
tdus to fetch the Ifland of St. Nicholas^ rather 
tha(i any of the other Iflands, becaufe I was well 
acquainted there, and it was the likelieft Place to 
get a Mainfail at, by Realbft they ^in the beft 
there ^ I therefore kept my Luff, and fteer'd 
away Eaft, which* I was fure would carry me a 
good Diftance to Windward of the Ifland ^ fb 
that if the true Trade held, I fhould not fear go- 
ing to Windward of it, and be thereby enabled 
to chufe, as well as to make a large Wind to 
which Road I likM beft to anchor in. 

Befides, as I knew that the Pirates had taken 
he Prieft's Sloop, I was fure, if I could get 
there, I Ihould not want what Freight I could in 
Reafbn defire, as foon as I could refit, and put 
myfelf into a Pofture to go to the Ifle of Sal ; 
for I was fure the Prieft, for his own Intereft, 
tvould do all that by in his Power to aflift me ; 
there being hardly a Family on the Ifland, 
but what had a Relation then on the Ifland of 
Sal^ where they all apprehended they might pro- 
bably perifli, before another Occafion ofier'd, if 
I did not go. 

The Gale continuing all Night, about four o* 
Clock in the Morning I edgM away more to the 
Southward, and about eight it fell calm *till 
Noon, but was very hazy, infbmuch, that I 
could fee no Land. Between twelve and one in 
the Afternoon, Nov. 20, fprung up a Gale at 
North-Eaft, which increafmg, foon cleared the 
Air, fb that! faw the Ifland of *». Nicholas ^ the 
Eaft Point bearing Weft-South-Weft, and, by 
Suppofition, about eight or nine Leagues diftant. 
I crowded all the Sail^ that -I could make to get 
in to an Anchor before Night, the Wind flill in- 
creafing. About five in the Evening I doubled 
the Eaft Point of the Ifland j after which, when 

I came 


I came to luff up to keep the Land aboard, I 
found the Wind more Northerly, with very har4 
Flaws coming down the deep Gullies. 

It being late in the Evening, and likely to 
prove, as indeed it did, a clofe Night, ana not 
having Day-light enough to gain, as I intended, 
the Road of Paragbeefi^ but fearing I might niifi 
it in the Night, the high Lands being lb very 
like one another, I refblv'd to anchor in Currifal 
Road, it being nigher, as likewife to get ofFlbme 
Water, there being none to be had within two 
lyiilcs of Paragbeeji. 

1 was forced to make a Board or two, to fetch 
into the anchoring Place, and anchored in fixteen 
Fathom Water, about a Quarter of a Mile from 
the Shore, juflr about dusknh ^ and faw a Fire and 
feme People on the Shore. 

After we had ftowM our Sails, I hoiftedthe Boat 
out to get in the End of the Cable which the Pi- 
rates had flipt, and put a Buoy on the Cable Er.d, 
having difcernM it and the Buoy on the Anchor 
before I anchored, and for that Rcafbn let go my 
Anchor nigh enough to it to get the End of it on 
Board. In order to which, I took a Quoil or 
two of (mall Rope with me in the Boat, to make 
one End faft to the Cable End, and to bring the? 
other on Board ^ and fb by the finall Rope to 
hale or heave the Cable on Board the Sloop, and 
ride 'moor'd 'till I thought proper to move from- 
rfience 3 but being fo few Hands, we were fb 
long a getting the Boat out, that Night came on, 
and it wa« fo dark, that I could not, with all my 
Diligence, find the Buoy s and fo was forc'd to 
come on Board again with die Boat, without 
effecting my Defign. 

Potter then requefted me to let him (cull the 
Boat afhore to get a Cag of Water, which I con*-' 
lented to^ but bid him be fore not to make any 

I 3 ^wj 

Stay at all afliore, but come pfT as fbon as he 
haa got his Cask filled, which could not be IcMigp 
the Water being clofe to the Sea Side. 

Soon after he was gone with the Boat, I was 
taken very ill with Faintnefs aii^ Trembling at 
Heart, inibmuch, that I had much ado to get 
down to my Cabbin, which I attributed to my 
Overwatching and Working to get the Veflcl in, 
fuid to our Drowthinefs the preening Day, which 
was more exceffive than I had experienced ever 
fmce we parted with the Pirates. I bid the little 
Boy Jack keep a •good Look-out fi>r the Boat, 
and have a Rope i^^dv to heave to her when fhe 
came off; and to be iure not to &11 afleep : All 
which he promis'd to obferve. I had not long 
liUn down on my Bed, befere I fell bSt afleep ; 
aind waking in a Surprize, I call'd to the little 
Boy, who not anfwering, I turned out, and came 
vpon Deck, and found him ia&. afleep in the 
Gangmay^ I awak'd him, and askM him, If the 
Boat was come on Board ? He told me No ; and 
^looking about me, I could but juil fee the Ifland. 
This was as nigh as I could gueis between twelve 
and one a-Clodc, and I was not a little fiirpriz^d 
to fee myfelf thus again expos'd to the Sea, and 
that in a much wor^ Condition than befcH'e ; my 
Spirits and Strength being much waflred; my 
jielp gone ; the Sloop daily growing more leaky j 
depriv d of my Boat, and my Thirft very greati 
which perhaps was increased by the Hopes I had 
of getting ibme Water, as well as owing to the 
grieat Fatigue of the preceding Pay ; but know-^ 
ing it in vain to deipair, I retolv'd to do what I 
could, and depend upon Providence for the reft : 
However, I had two tough Jobs to manage, to 
wit, to heave the Anchor up, there being a whole 
Cable out to the better Bnd ^ and to pump the 
yjmt 01M9 whifh wa« iQ iome Places above the 

r "9 ] 

Ballaft : And the latter being the more danger* 
ousy I concluded to begin with that firft, biuow* 
ing, that if I could fuck her dry, I ihould be in 
Hopes to keep her fb. Accordkigly I went to 
work, and pump'd about half an Hour, ill 
which Time I gain*d upon her confideribly, and 
refting a while, took the other half Hour's Spell ; 
after which I refted again, and imoak'd a Pipe of 
Tobacco, and took a Dr^ of Rum with a lit- 
tle raw Rice, and then fell to my Work of Piunp- 
ing, and in five or fix good Spells mor/e, I fuck d 
her ; and thpn immediately apply'd myfelf to 
heave in the Cable ; and to enaole the little Boy 
to hold on, I made him a Jigger with a BlocK 
fixM to the Cable, and a Rope reev'd rfirough it^ 
fb that having a double Purchale, he made ihift 
to hold on ^ tho* it was very tedious and flow. I 
hove up till al^out half the Cable was in, and 
then I went and took a Spell at the Pump, and 
pump'd her out dry ; after which I refted, took 
a Dram, and finoak'd half a Pipe of Tobacco, 
and then went to heaving up the Anchor again, 
then to the Pump again, and the next Spell I 
got the Anchor up, and ftowM it with the Pawm 
over the Gunnel j after which I let Sail, and the 
Trade-Wind continuing to blow, I ftretch'd to 
the North-Weft, finding that I was able to keep 
the Sloop free, though fhe made a great deal of 
Water ; and I think I never ft>und myfelf hear- 
tier or ftronger in all my Life. It was a great 
Concern to me to think of leaving my Boy and 
Boat at St. Nicholas^ befides the Hopes ol fiip- 
plying myfelf with a Sail, which I could not ex- 
peift at any of the other Iflands , neither could I 
propofe any Thing at any of the other Iflands, 
but the iaving mine and tne Boy's Life, by run» 
ning the Sloop on Shore in fbme convenient 
Place i having no Boat to go aftiorc for Water, 

I 4 w 

[ no ] 

or to get any of the Natives to go with ihe^ for 
I could not expedt that any of them would ven- 
ture to fwim off to me, without Ibme previous 
Converfation, or Acquaintance, for fear I fhould 
be lurking there to fteal Ibme of them away : 
Wherefore being determined to get to the Ifland 
of St. Nicholas J I ftretch'd, as I laid before, to 
the North-Weft, and ftood till I brought the 
South-Weft Point of the Ifland North-North- 
Eaft from me about the Diftance of fix Leagues, 
and then I tack'd and ft^od to the Eaftward till 
I came a-breaft of Currifal^ it being then about 
fix in the Evening, and bearing North, diftant 
about feven Leagues 3 and falling calm in a little 
Time after, I lowered down all the Sails, and let 
her lie while that held, which was all Night, and 
till between eight and nine a^-Clock the next 

I was tedious dry, but had no Help nor Means 
to quench it ; and durft not eat any of the dry*d 
Filh, becaufe it made me more thirfty, as I 
thought, than if it had. been lalted. 

This feem'd to me the moft irkfome Situation 
I had yet been in ^ for I was now, as it were, 
alone, naving little or no Help in the little Boy, 
imlefs to hold the Helm while I was at the Pump, 
which was every half Hour, or oftner, or while 
I was doing any other Bufinefs 3 not daring to 
lije down to take a N^, except a (hort one which 
I ventured to take during the Calna. 

I finoakM a Pipe of Tobacco or two, and alio 
took a Dram, with a little Rice s and about nine 
o'clock in the Morning, Nov, 22, ibme finall 
Catskins came on, and towards Noon fprung up 
a Breefe at North-Eaft : I then made Sail, and 
ftood to the North-North-Weft, and hoped to 
fetch Paragbeefi with that Board ^ but the Lee- 
714? beipg made, I fclj Ihort by half a League, 


and fearing to be put again to! Leeward of the 
Ifland, and the Soy and I not being able to 
work the Sloop as we ought, I was refblv'd to 
fetch in with any Anchoring-Place I could fetch, 
and ftretching in till I got the Shore clofe on 
Board, 1 then edg'd away to a landy Bay, call'd ' 
by the Natives Puttacko^ where I anchor d in fix 
Fathom Water, in clear fandy Ground. 

I had hardly been at an Anchor an Hour, when 
a Black came down to the Water-Side, and call'd 
to me. I anfwer'd him again. He &id fbme- 
thing, and wav'd a long Pole, which he had 
with him ; but the Wind blowing frefh, I could 
hear nothing that he faid to underftand it, only 
Logo^ which, in their Language, is as much as 
to lay, prefently^ or by-^andrby. He went away ; 
and in about half an Hour, another Black came 
down to the Water-Side, and waving his long 
StafE^ as the other had done, iaid fbmething, but 
1 could hear only, Logo^ Prefio 3 and away he 

I gave God Thanks for his Mercy, that I was 
once more got to an Anchor 3 and hoped my Boy 
would get iome of the Inhabitants to help him 
to bring the BcJat from Currifal ^ but not ex- 
pefting him till the next Morning, I tended the 
Pump, in the Intervals fmoaking a Pipe of To- 
bacco, ^c. About Sun-fet I faw a imall Boat 
come from Paragheefi^ with leveral Blacks in her, 
rowing towards us, at which I was not a little 

They came on Board to the Number of fevenj 
all lufty ftout young Fellows, and brought with 
them two ten Gallon Casks full of Water, and 
bid me drink heartily of it. I drank twice j 
;ind they urging me to drink again, I told them, 
I had enough y at which they feem'd to admire j 
^4 one of them laid, If he h?i4 been ib lotv^ 

C lit ] 

widiont Water, he could drifik one of thoie ten 
Gallon Casks ot Water himfelf befere he fhordd 
be fatisfyU They told me, ^af the Prieft and 
Governor of St. Nicholas bad fent tbem on Board 
with tiat link Boat^ which was the Priefi% to 
aff^ me to get my Sloop up to Paraghecfi, in order 
to fecure cer^ this being a very foul Koad^ and 
open to the Eafterly Wims^ which were very fre^- 
quent at this f^me of the Tear^ and always made 
fuch a Sea in this Bay^ that it would be next to 
impoffible for the Vejfel to be fafe there ; and that 
the funken Rocks f which lay a large Stones-Caft 
from the Shore J were fo Jharp^ that the beft Swim-- 
tner on that I/land could have no Hopes to fa^e 
himfelf if the Veffeljhould be put from her Anchor. 
I told them, / would ft ay till my Servant came to 
me from Currilal with the Boat. 

They told me, S^at could not be this Fortnight 
or three Weeks^ the Wind beingjet in a ftrong 
Srade^ which commonly at this ^ime of the Tear^ 
blew hard^ and continued long : ^hat they were fent 
by the Prieft and Govemour to help me^ and they 
thought it a very good Opportunity to get up to Para* 
gheefi, as foon as the windward (Current was made^ 
which would be in an Hour or two : fhat they were 
Homo's de Mare (/. e. Seamen) and two of them 
underftood the Sea very well^ and were Pilots. 
Which is a Title they give to any of their own 
People that can fteer or teke Charge of any of their 
little Boats that go a Fifhing. They told me, / 
need not be concerned at my Bo/s not being on boards 
for they were bred up Seamen from their Infancy j 
aud could work the Sloop up to the Port o/Paraghe^ 
or any where to the other Jftandsy and would not have 
me trouble myfelf about ity hutfmoak my Pipe^ or go 
mtd take my Keft^ for they would take Charge of we 
Veffek and get her into the Portj and moor her J(rfe j 
JF^9 wA imy^ we havebeen very much ufyd to take 

Cbargi cf Strat^ersi an Appettation ^x4)ich iStief 
. give to all Europeans^ txctpt Pmtuguefe^ vvlmn 
diejr call Branca\ i. e. IVbite^i^ or a^lr/fr Peopk^ 
Ifappofe, becatife thejr were thefirft white Fe^fe 
diey ever &w ^ and,fix>m whom, it's probable, they 
leeumt, after the Manner of that Natkm, to oill all 
other Vcoflk Strafiger^. I told diem, Itbtm^ it 
was much better to ft ay till the Day4ide^ when tbef 
would be better able to fee the Ropes^ and ft and by 
the fTorky then tbey could in the Nighty they being 
Strangers to the Veffel ; and be fides ^ perhaps the r^ 
rf their Company might not be fucb good Seamen^ or 
be ufed to working in Vejfelsj as they 'sbere. 

They told me, 9^e reft of their Company were 
not Pilot Sy as they twowere^ and could not work a 
Veffel as tbey could ; but that they were good Sailors^ 
and could endure Hardjhtps^ and do any Sighing that 
they were commanded^ as well as any white Sailor 

1 fed. If tbey could do tbaty it wasfufficient : but 
J bad another Keafon to offer ^ which mighty I thought 
fway with them^ to tarry till the Day-^de^ which 
wasy ^at my Sails were very badj and would not 
hold in any uhing of a taut IVind^ and^ if any fbing 
gaoje IVay^ we could better mend it^ and Jet it to 
rights by Day than by Night. 

They faid, No^ it was much beetter to try for it in 
the Nigbt-tide^ by Keafon it was always lefs PTind 
under the Land by Nighty than by Day^ neither did 
theftrong Flaws come down through the Gulleys^ as 
tbey generally do in the Day. 

I roll infifting in my Opinion, they told me. If my 
Sails were fo bad^ as I reprefented tbem^ they would 
tertainly not bold out to beat up in the Day ^me ; 
for Ijbould not fail, of having taut H^inds blow off 
the Land J as well as bard Maws come down the 
deep Gullies ; and^ if I was not refolded to weigh . 
thf ffext windward fid^ coming w, tiey^neottW ail 

[ 124 ] 

go vn Share y and no^ fiay on Board to run the Hazard 
of lofing their Lmesj or being drove out to Sea ; 
which might chance to happen on a Lee itide^ where 
they might haw no Pojfibility of fetching any Part of 
the Ijimd. 

I coniider'd with my felf a while, and found 
iome Reafbn in what they faid, and promis'd to 
weigh the next Spring-Tide, if they were furc 
that we could get to Paragheefi. 
. They told me, STbat if they had not been very 
certain of thatj J might be fur e they would not ven- 
ture to weigh from thence^ and bid me not to trouble 
my felf about jucb thoughts j they would engage to 
get her fafe up and moored^ long enough b^ore the 
windward Current was fpent^ even without one 
Knot of Sail J if we tookthe Adn)antage of the whole 

I told them, I was glad to hear it was fb eafy 
to get up to the Road, and wifh'd it to fall out 
as they faid. 

They laid, I need not at all doubt that ^ and 
about eight at Night, they told me the Current 
was let to Windward, arwi that it was Time to 

I laid, ^hatj according to the bejl Obferva* 
tions that J had made among tbefe I/lands^ the Cur^ 
rent Jhould hot fet to IVindward^ till near ten o"" Clock. 
They laid. As for the Jime^ or Hours^ they were 
ignorant of tbem^ as being mt ufed to reckon that 
U^ay ; but they could tell %y the Kifing of the Moony 
or by the Kifing and Height of fever al Stars ^ and 
they perfeSlly well knew^ that the fide was already 
made up to IVindwardy and^ if I did not think fit to 
weigh nozVy they would all Hands go ajhore with 
their Boat^ and believed J Jhould have no more Help 
from the Ifland^ if I did not lay hold offuch a fair 
OpportUMty as now offered. So I told them. If they 
^'cre fure the Ttdi^ was made to fVindward^ they 

C 1*5 ] 

mgbt go to worky and beave up the Anchor as foon 
as tbey pleafed. At which, they went to work; 
but would not let me heave at the Windlace, be- 
cauie they laid, tbey were Hands enough ^ and I 
need do no .tnore^ but order wbat I would have 
dohe^ &c. 

We got the Anchor up, and ftow'd it, and fct 
the Sails, and made a Trip off to the South-Eaflr, 
with a HKxlerate Gale, and the Wind increafing, 
we flood along Shore, and off withal, till we 
reckoned (as well as we could difcem the I..and to 
know it) to be abreaft ofa Place called PortoGbuy ; 
and then putting her a Stays, the Mainiail Iplit 
to in the Staying, that I was forc'd to lower it 
down, for fear it would blow all to Pieces ; which 
to daunted them, that they refolv'd to quit the 
Sloop, and take to the little Boat which they came 
off in. This put me into as great a Streight, 
as any I had been in yet : We being then about 
two Leagues from the Shore, an ugly chopping 
Sea running, the Wind blowing fre(h,and it look-^ 
ing very black to Windward. 

I then obferv'd, to add to the Misfortune, that 
the Blacks were almoft all drunk ^ for when they 
firft came on Board, I made the little Boy'fetcn 
them a Bottle of Rum, and they obferving where 
he brought it from, were to impudent, feeing 
none but the Boy and I (notwithflanding I for- 
bad them) to fetch it theiiifelves, telling me, ^at 
tbe kaft tbey could expeSi^ was to participate of wbat 
was in the Sloops and tbat IJhew^d myjelf very un^ 
grateful^ as well as nigardly^ to tbink much at any 
S'bing tbey could eat or drink tbat was on board the 

, I told them, I did not begrudge tbem^ but would 
havetbem only forbear drinking^ till we badfecured 
tbe Sloops andtben tbeyjhould be very welcome to 
it all. 

C ii<5 3 

They had die Impndence to tell me, 7!!^^ Shop 
was as mucb tbeirs as fie was mine^ and alfo en^ery 
SriHng tba$was mber y that I was in Diftrefsj Of^ 
muflhave certainly perifiedy iftbey bad not eome xff^ 
and bfcugbt me and tbe Boy jome IVater. 

I told them, ^at it was a Kindnefs^ I tmtfd ; 
but that I was in no evident Danger of perijbingj 
wben tbey eanteon Boards tbe Sloop being well at a^ 
Ancbor^ and tbe Fmnp fucked dry ^ and^ J'banks ^ 
to God^ I was in good Healthy smd tberefore (Ale 
enougb^ witb GocTs Bleffing^ to kaep ber free^ tilt 
my Boy eould come to me from Cnrriial witb my 
Boat. They laid, fbat if I bad waited tbere^ till 
tbe Boy came to me witi my Boat^ J migbt wait 
long enoi^by for tbey did not believe^ tbat any tf 
tbe Jftanaers wonld ^venture to come down in tbe Boat 
witb bim, till tbe blowing IVeatber was over^ 
wbicb tbey did not expeSl to bCy tbis two or tbree 

I told them. If tbey left me now witb tbe Booty 
tbey would leaive me in a mucb worfe Condition tban 
tbey found me in^ wben tbey came on Board ; for 
tbey bad drank all tbe Water tbat tbey brou^t on 
Boardy and tbougb I was deftitute of it wben tbey 
eamCy yet J was at an Anchor nigb tbe Shore y and 
fiould always have been in Hopes cf a Supply ^ andy. 
at worfty could put tbe Sloop on Shore y and fo efcape 
perifiing tbat W^. 

Thev laid, ^ey could not fee what I could do 
with the Sloop noWy having no Sails to work ber 
with ; and to liCy and drive to Leeward all Nighty 
and the next Dayy till we got the Sail mendedy we 
fiould be fo far to Leeward of tbe Iflandy tbat ft 
would he impoffible to fetch any Part of the Iflandy 
and then we mufi either perifi at Seay or be forced 
tofome Place y from whence tbey might never be able 
to get to their Familiesy or Homesy any more ; and 
therefore y tbey were refolvednot to run tbat HuZtirdy 

bstt tnd$amour to get tbitber in tb§ fwall Bodt^ wbicb 
tbey bad brougbt witb tbem. 

I told them, Itbougbt tbe Hazard to be fo gnat^ 
by wnturing in tbe Boaty tbe Sea runnifig fo bigb^ 
emd tbe iVtnd blowing fo bard^ ami rigbt off tbe 
Sborej tbat it was next to an h^ffibitity to row 
to tbe Shore. 

t They replied, 3^ey werefatisfied it was a^eat 
imfquej but to abide in tbe Sloops in tbeir judg'^ 
menty was a greater ; and^ if tbey muft perijb^ would 
rather choofe it in S$gbt of tbeir native Land^ than 
any where elfe ; and if I thought fit to take my 
dance witb tbetn^ arid tbey found we were too many 
for the Boat to carry ^ there were fever al among tbem 
tbat couldy in Cafe of Neceffityy depend on fwirn^ 
mng ajbore^ and if Neceffity required it^ they wouldj 
for tbe Security of tbe reft^ take to the IVater and 
fwim ; and one of them, who reckon'd himielf 
the \x& Pilot, iaid, Jl)at if tbe Boatjhouldbe over^ 
turned by tbe U^avesj he would not have me to doubt j 
hut what be could^ and wouldj carry me fafe to 
the Shore. 

I told him, i%at was a very tickJifh Chance to 
truft tOy and that be would foon he tired in tbe Water 
with fuch a Load as I fhould be , not being able to 
ftrike one Stroke ; and that I could expert no lefs^ 
than to he quitted by bim^ rather than perifb htmfelf. 

He iaid, ^at if I relied upon him^ he would 
fooner die witb me^ than leave me ; befides^ there 
were others in tbe Company^ he faid, tbat could 
fwim as well as he^ and tbey would take lurns^ and 
did not fear getting me and tbe Itttle Boy fafe afhorey 
though there was no Boat at all. 

I confider'd, that all, or moft of this, proceeded 
firom the Rum^ the Fumes of which, had got in 
their Brains ; and ^ that it would have been as 
defperate an Addon to go with them, as to cali 
my ielf headlong into die Sea , the Boat beme^ 

ib ihiall, that nine or ten Hands were as many as 
Ihe could conveniently carry in finooth Water, 
and what elfe could be expeaed, but to perifh in 
iiich a Sea as then run ? 

Whereupon I told them, J was refoPv*d to truft 
to Providence^ and continue in the Sloop ; and if 
they would do fo to, I doubted not^with God^s BleJJingy 
hut they would by far^ftand the better Chance. 

They replied, i'hat if they muftperijhj they would 
perijh in Sight of their own Landj and not be driven 
to an unknown Place to perijbj where theyjhould ne* 
^ver he heard of 

I faid, fhat if they were to perijh in endea'* 
vouring to get ajhore in the Boat^ there could no 
jiccount be given of them^ mr could their Friends 
know any more what was become of them^ than if 
they had been loft in thefarthcft Part of the IVorld. 
They anfwered, H:fey were Jure that fome of them 
jhould be able to getfafe ajhore^ were both Sloop and 
Boat to go to the Bottom ^ ajtd^ if but one of them 
got fafe ajhore^ it would befufficient to give an Ac-^ 
county where ^ when^ and 'how they were loft^ which 
would be a great Satisfaction to their Friends ^ and 
it would be more pleafing to themfelves^ to think 
theyjhould diefo near their own Homes. 

I repeated to them the Danger they would ex- 
pole themfelves to, and that there was hardly any 
Poffibility of their eicaping, if they ventured all 
of them to take to the Boat, whatever Chance 
might befal fbme of them y but 'twas all in vain ; 
They faid, ^heir Chance could be no better^ if they 
ft aid in a leaky Sloops without Sails ^ Water ^ Provi* 
fions^ &c. And often repeated, I'hat it would be 
better for them to perijh in Sight of their Homes ^ than 
in afar^ or ft range Place. 

Be fides ^ lays one them, // you Jhould get to any 
Landj Tqu would want for nothings but IVe could 
expeSi nothing but to be kill'dy or made Slaves of, 


C >^9 ] ' 

during our Lives^ which ^ to us^ ^outd be worfe than 
Death it felf '^ and therefore^ continued he^ Jdmre'^ 
foli)d^ come what willy to truft myfelf to the Boat 
and St. Anthony, and doubt noty but he will prevail 
"With Gody to carry me fafe ^ and foy fays he to the 
reft, let us he goncy for the longer we delay y tbefar^ 
tber off we drive y and the farther we have to ro^ 
before we can get to the Shore : and let usy moreo^ver^ 
make a Vow to St. Anthony, ^at if he will bring 
us fafe to our Homesy we will join aHdpayfor a fimg 
Mafs in his Churchy the firft^ Sunday ^^r our fcfe 
Arrival : And let us alfoy laid he, give the bleffed 
Virgin Mary, the Mother ofGody a fiing Mafi in her 
Cbapely that Jhe may command her Son to afpfk 
St. Anthony, to conduSi us fafe to the Shore. 

Now you muft know, there is a vaft DiflerencU, 
betwixt a fung Mafsy and a faid Mafsy as well in 
the Price, as me Efficacy i it being, according to 
thofe People's Opinion, the Way of the Church o( 
Romey to raife their Prices, in Proportion to thd 
pretended Merit, or Efficacy of the Thing ; now 
a fung Mdfs, which they call Mijfa Cantadoy is fimg 
by the Prieft, and the whole Choir, by Note, and 
is fb coinmon in this Illand, that there are 
very few Males, but what are taught, tho* I don't 
know, that ever I heard that the Females learrt*d 
to fing. They are taught by the head Singer, 
who Is filled Meafire Mufica^ (/. e. Mafter of Mu- 
fick) and is chofen to that Office, for the Good-* 
nefs of his Voice, ^c. This Miffa CantadOy cofts 
ten feftoonsy that is, between five and fix Shillings, 
and is paid to the Prieft, out of which, he pays 
the Singers ^ but a faidMafsy is only called Miffa^ 
for which they pay to the Prieft, two ^efioons i 
fo that it is not fo efficacious as a Miffa Cantadoy 
but in the fame Proportion, as two is to ten ^ and 
^tis reckoned almoft fcandalous, for any but the 
poorer Sort, to have a faid Mafsy cither for the 

C mo] 

)r the Dead. There is hardly a more gain- 

nch of their Trade, then this of faying and 

Mafles, both for the Quick and Dead ^ but 

enlarge upon this, when I come to defcribc 

)fthe Iflands, their Kinds of People, Man- 

Cnftcms, and Diflerences in Religion. 

:t to return, they concluded to take to the 

:^ and accordingly, it was haled up along 

;. 2Sii the Water hove out, Oars got in, (which 

:c s-ore like Paddles for a Canoo, than Oars 

:: E.-V2T) and eyay Thing being got ready, the 

..3c P-jwC, \\ho took upon him to be Spokefinan 

- -hr re::, rcic me, J^iy ^j:€re jnfi upon departing^ 

.1 tf ••« 

•^ .i ::r''^* r; r:// ;;v Bey ni the Ijland^ if ally 
■r "v* ;/ T'V'-'f, ^ I'.-i«/j giT fjfc to the Shore^ that I 
:. i/..; rrj/.r.-.v- :; pT ;; tie IJluid if I could ^ hut 
'''Z'.\i T.r •;v/^ ^.^^\ .:i;J te cculd light of an 
. V '"'.: -X, '.y.rsySl':fs r:u:l':};gtl€rey tobefure 
? - ". r •-, - ir r^.rli" :. ": ./ it to get off the Iflatu 
'■ ' : :: 1/ :'iSJ;. r-:J .:J' .::7riJ them togivepj 
f -<. -f-,:\N:^;,v .V :.V/*r;V; jud Governor^ f 
' C "V ■ ■ :':d '.^^ . if::.:Kce : But could wijb tl 
. r : •• .7; i>\r:.\;* .;r .://, fr,ice it happened a 
. . '■ • *Vv I \\\i'::^! ieei: lyivgfafe at an Anc'i 
[::^ zr: Sex: thc\v llt^pp'd, toeing all, or mof 
■v'^'t, \C!y cirunk, the Night very dark, aj 
■ >k Cilc of Wind ; and, what with my Con 

.: .VA p:"er;:nc Caie^ and the Darknefs 0/ 

ft ■ 

N 5^'.:* I d.dnoc count them, nor mind wb 
:", :hvv :ha: c.imc on Board, went in the B 


Xtcer they were gone, 1 began to confidr 
I .oirtl^rtk'ii Plight I was in, and repente 
;.; ihc^m wc::gh my Anchor, and heartil 
.:..: rhcBov and I were fafc alhore with ' 

[ >}• ] 

B oy, on the Ifland of St. Nicholas : I (hould wil- 
lii:xgly have gone in the Boat, and quitted the 
Sloop, but that it was fo fmall, that I could not 
bxit think it would be a great Prefiimption to ven- 
tiare to do fo, elpecially as they were all fo 

But, however, recoUeding myfelf, that there 
was now no Remedy but Patience, I began to con- 
fider, what Courfe to take; to extricate myfelf out 
of this my prefent, and indeed hitherto, greateft 
Misfortune ^ for my Mainfail was very much torn, 
my Twine ahnoft expended, and I had no Help, 
nor any Body to conlult with. 

The Wind alfb, was now veering to the Eaftem 
Trade, fb that it feem'd a Hazard, whether I 
fhould be able to fetch with my Head-Sails, the 
Ifle of May^ or even St. Jago^ which was ^ the Lee- 
wardmoft Ifland that I was acquainted with of the 
Cape de Verd Iflands : The Iflands of S. Philips and 
that alfb of St. John^ I was utterly unacquainted 
with, they being very little, or not at all uled by- 
cur Shipping, the Sea-Draughts giving but a very 
imperfedt Ddcription of them, and the Waggon- 
ers and Pilots of thofe Parts, being every whit as 
much, or more defeftive, making them both to be 
very dangerous ^ the Ifland of St. Philips to have 
few or no Inhabitants, the Roads, or Anchoring- 
Places, very bad^ the Ifland of St. Jobn^ to 
have one good Road, but very difficult for one 
unacquainted to enter, by Realbn of the abundance 
of Rocks both iiinken, and otherways ^ though 
moft of thefe Defcriptions I found to be falfe. 

I paflTed the Remainder of the Night, very fblita- 
rily , lying with my Head to the North North- Weflr. 
It blew a frefli Gale at North-Eafl:, cloudy, and 
fometimes overcaft, hazy and windy-like to Wind- 

K 2 ^^ 

[ Ml ] 

In the Morning, as ibon as the Day broke o\a 
dear, I could fee from me Eaft North-Eaft, the 
Sirra Vermilia^ as it is called by the Inhabitants, 
and the Ptmte de Vermilbaree^ North-Eaft and by 
North. I wore the Sloop, and put her Head away 
to the Eaft-South-Eaft, and made die Boy fteer 
her, the Wind being then about the Norm-Eaft 
and by North. I kept her away one Point from 
the Wind, becaufe, having none but the Head- 
Sails, flie would make no Way through the Water 
if I kept her hankering up in the Wind ; and then 
I went to work, to overhale the Mainlail, which I 
fbimd fb torn, that it was paft mending, neither had 
I Twine enough to do it, if it had not ; wherefore 
I laflied the upper Reef Cringle down to the Boom, 
and tore, or cut the Sail, even at the Foot, all 
along the upper Reef;. and where it wanted, I 
mended it as well as 1 could, and then fet it ; by ' 
Which Time, it was as nigh as 1 could guels, three 
or four o' Clock in the Afternoon, when, to my 
great Surprize, I heard the Voice of Men in the 
Hold. I went to the Hatchway, and looking 
down, I £aw three Blacks, who call'd to me, and 
asked me. If we were at an Anchor ? I told them. 
We were at Sea. They asked me. If I could fee 
any Land P I told them, / could not. They asked, 
Where I was defign^d to go to P I told them, I could 
not tell^ it muft he where God pleafed^ and was re^ 
folvdfor thefirft Land that I could make^ and was 
in Hopes J we fhould fetch St. Jago. 

At which they feem'd to rejoice, and got upon 
l>eck, and one of them told me, S^hat be was n)ery 
well acquainted at the I/lands of St. Jago, St. Philip^ 
and St. John, a}td that he had been at all of them, 
and round them alfo. fhat be bad been three Tears 
an Inhabitant on the I/land of St. John : 7bat be 
was carried there from St. Nicholas, in a French 
Pirate^ who left bim at the ijland of St. John, 


C '33] 

where he remained three Tears^ and that the fame 
Pirate came again^ with whom he returned to St. Ni- 
cholas. The Pirate Captain's Name, he faid, was 
Maringwin^ a French Briton ; and the Black that 
told me all this, was called NicholauVerd. 

I asked them. How it came^ that they did not go 
with their Countrymen when they went cmay with 
the Boat ? 

They told me, ^ey were afraid the Boat would 
Jink before they could get to the Land ; befides^ the 
reft of their Conforts were very much in Liquor^ 
which made them the more afraid^ and thought I 
might know better than they^ and therefore believed 
they chofe the leaft Danger^ hy flaying with me, and 
hofd if wejhould be put to anyftrange Landj that I 
would neither fell them for Slaves myfelf^ nor fuffer 
/iny Body elfe to do Jo. 

I told them, ^ey might depend upon ity that 
they that made Slaves of tbem^ Jhould make one of 
me alfo. 

They told me, ^hey came firft on Boards with 
an Intention to ferve me^ in affifling me to gain the 
Port of Paragheefi, which my want of Sails^ 
and ether Neceffaries^ they laid, had prevented ^ 
hut that now they would gladly do any ^ing that I 
hid them^ and defired^ that I would accept them as 

They added, That they were very forry their 
Comrades went away and left me^ after they had 
drank off my Kum^ though*, by the Way, they 
themfelves, as they afterwards told me, when i ' 
had got fafe on Shore, had alfb drank plentii 
of it, and that was the chief Realbn of their i 
ing behind, having drank in the Hold till they 
dead drunk afleep, though now they pretended it 
was out of pure Love and RelpeA to me, and they 
would never leave me, but continue with me al^ 
ways Servants^ iSc 

^ t '54 3 

They ^ed me, JVhat J thought of the Boat ? and 
whether tbofe that went in her, were got fafe ajhore 
orno ? I was willing to encoun^e them, and told 
them, / heUen)d not^ attd was much afraid they were 

They faid, ^bey did belie^ve as much^ and reckoned 
ibemfel^ves hapfy in not accompanying them in their 
rajfj Folly , for they thought it could not he right ^ be^ 
eaufe I was fo averfe to ity and they were all fure^ 
that I knew a thoufand^imes better then any ofthem^ 
and abundance ot fuch Parlavers. 

They a Jib faid, ^hey. had Relations^ fome on this 
Jfland^fome on f other ^ and if we could but arri've at 
tbis^ or that Ifland^ oh ! Ijhould want for nothings 
hutJ)jould be plentifully fupplied with every ^bing 
the IJJand afforded. 

Night coming on (which prov'd clear over Head, 
but very hazy all roimd the Horizon) and it con- 
tinuing a taut frefh Gale at North-Eaft, I fteerM 
Eaft-South-Eaft, and South-Eaft-and-by-Eaft, all 
Night, and the next Morning, when the Day broke 
out clear, we law the Peek of the Ifland of St. Phi- 
Jip^ in the Form of a Sugar-I.oaf above'the Haze. 
We could not lee any of the other Parts of the 
Ifland, though very high I^and, the Haze feeming 
to be elevated above the imaginary Horizon, about 
twent)' Degrees ; and the Peek feemM to have its 
Head elevated to thirty Degrees or more. 

The Blacks were very much rejoiced at this 
Difcovery' of Land, but could not throughly give 
Credit to their own Eyes, and uled every now and 
then, to diftruft and fear, it was not certainly Land 
that we law, and then they would come and ask 
me, to remove their diftruft : And {6 often repeated 
their Qiicftions, that I was throughly tired with 
their Interrogations. 

I was in Hopes of feeing St. Jago^ but it was ib 
hnzVy that I could not, though itit had been any 



Thing clear, we might have feen it very plain ; the 
Peek of St. Philip bore, when we faw it, from us 
South-Eaft-and- by-South ; and, as the Sun rofe, 
the Haze was more elevated by hisattradive Rays, 
that the Peek was altogether obfufcated, and hid 
from our Sight ; which increafed the Blacks doubt- 
ing and confirmed their Opinion, that it was not 
real, but imaginary I^nd we had feen, neither 
could I perfWade them, though I was as certain ^ 
was poffible to be by the Senfe of Seeing ; but 
they were very much down in the Mouth. 

I encourag'd them all that I could, by telling 
them we fhould be in with the Land before Night, 
to which they gave little Credit, fuppofing, ias 
they told me afterwards, that I only told th^n fb, 
that they might not be caft down. 

I found, by the Bearing of the Land froiji me, 
with G)nfideration to the G)urfe I had fleer'd, 
that the Current fet ftrong to the Weftward, and 
therefore, notwithftanding the Ifland bore South- 
Eaft-and-by-South, I refolv'd to fleer South- 
Eaft-and-by-Eafl, being aflur'd that the Current 
mufl needs fot us down very near the Ifland, be- 
fore we could run the Length of it j however, I 
knew we could not run fb far wide of it, as not 
to fee it, let it be never fb hazy, and was re- 
folvM, if poffible, to come in with it on the 
Weather Side, as being then capable of running 
down along the Shore at my Leifure, and view 
the Coafl narrowly, to find fome convenient 
Road or Bay to anchor in, or, at leaft, to rim 
the Sloop on Shore in, to fave our Lives, if we 
faw no Way or ProfpeA of doing better. 

The Blacks tended the Pump, and told me. If 
the Boy and I would but fteer, they would do 
that, or any Thing elfe I bid them do, that they 
were able ; which was a great Help, as well as 
Encouragement to me, to what it was when the 

K 4 'Boax.^ 


Boat, and, as I then thought, all the Blacky 
had left me and the Boy to ftiift for ourfelves. 

However, they continued very uneafy, and 
continually one or other of them was asking me^ 
Whether J thought that was Land that we hadfeen r 
Whether I was fure of it P And how long I thought 
it might he before we fhould get Sight of it agaiUy 
£tc. ? But to their great Satisfadion, as well as 
mine, we fa\ again, and feem'd to be very- 
near it, the Top of the Peek being, ais I fuppos'a, 
45 T)egVQCSj or thereabouts, elevated above* the 
Horizon ^ and we could fee the Top of the great 
Mountain, which lies on the North- Weft Side of 
the Peek, which is the* higheft^ excepting the 
Peek, on that Ifland. 

The Land ftill continued difcerniWe when the 
Haze was thin, which we could perceive to fly 
very faft over it, and-tiiis was about four in tHe 
Afternoon, and the Peek then bore South-South- 
Eaft a little Southerly, and I then fteer'd right 
down for the Wand. 

The Blacks were exceedingly rejoic'd at this 
Sight, and mighty inquifitive to know. How long 
it would he before they could get afbore ? I told 
them, / was (ifraid it would be 'very difficult to get 
ajhore on this Ifland^ having no Boat -, bejidesy I 
thought there were hut 'very few Inhabitants there j 
and therefore probably we might be in Danger of 
faring hardy q*, perhaps y famifhing , cmd that 1 
was informed the Ifland of St. John was better ; 
for that there were more Inbabitants on //, a?ui pro- 
bably we fljould there have a better Chance to find 
Neceffaries to fuftaih Naturey till it pleased God an 
Opportunity offer d for us to get off the Ifland ; and 
thaty befidesy there was in it a good Harboury if 
we fhould be fo fortunate as to find it. 

To which Nicbolau Verde anfwer'd, 7ba$. my 

J/tfcr;xer gave me a "vny wiwsg Jkfcrtption (f tio^ 

I- : twa 

C '37 ] 

two Iflands i for the I/land of St. Philip was tme qf 
the mft plentiful of the Cape dc Verd Iflands^ far 
Maiz^ Fejhoons^ Pumkins, Man-d^^yoaks^ as alfo 
for Cows^ Horfesj Goats^ Muks^ &c. for the latter 
of which^ he laid, they ufed to have formerly a 
great irade with the French ^ and that it had three 
or four itmes the Number of People on it that St. 
John s had ^ hut the Harhours or Roads were indeed 
'very bad^ and a great Sea always- tumbled in upon 
the Shore ^ and that it was dangerous even for one 
that could fwim very well^ to venture to fwim 
ajhore there^ the Surf breakif^ in fo heavy on the 
Shore ^ except at particular Ttmesj asy namely ^ in 
the Months of^vXy and Auguft, when the Northern 
strode blew very weak. 

He added, ^hat he was at that IJland when a 
French Ship was there trading for Mules ^ &c. and 
he obferv'd that the Sea run Jo high for fever al Days 
together y that they were not able to fend their Boat' 
ajhore fometimes for three or four Days fuccejjhelyy 
and ufed to curfe the IJland very often^ becaufe the 
Roads were fo bad. 

^he IJland of St. John, he iaid, wasindiffe^ 
rently plenty ^ and had a Hundred or more Inhabi'- 
tants on it when he was there^ which ^ as nigh as he 
could guefsy was about twenty Tears paft^ and had 
a very good Harbour ^ which he was pofitive he could 
dire£i me into as well as to any Part of the IJland of 
St. Nicholas, where he was born^ and had liv'd all 
his Life J except that ^tme that he was carry d off by 
the French Pirate Maringwin, who l^ him at 
St. John J about three Tears ; and that he had been 
round both the Iflands^ and had been feveral Jtmesj 
at feveral Places of thefe two IJlandsy as well 
as St. Jago, ajhore with the faid Pirates Boat^ who 
always took him with them as a Linguijl for tbetn^ 
^y which Mfans he was very well acquaint ed^ both 


with the People and Landing-places of all the three 

I told him, If he thought he could find the IVay^ 
and direSl me into that Koad without running foul of 
the funken Rocks y it would do well for us all. 

He faid. He would engage his Life to do it ^ 
whereupon I told him, I would lie by all Night to 
Windward of the J/land of St. Philip, and a little 
hefore Day would bear away for the Ijland of St. 
John, that we might have Day4ight to get into 
the Harbour y and be the better able to fhun the 
Kocksy &c. 

They feem'd very much diflatisfy'd at this, 
fearing, if they did not direftly get there, when 
Night came on they fhould lofe Sight of the 
Land, and never attain it more, and had a great 
Cabal and Murmuring amcMigft themfelves ; after 
which, Nicholau Verde told me, ^hat he thought I 
had better run for the Ifland of St. John dire£llyy 
heing fure we fhould get Sight of it before Nighty 
and that then he would engage his Life to carry the 
Vejfelfafe into the Harbour let it be never fo dark. 

I told him, / did not think it proper^ neither 
would it be fafe ; for the Weather being hazy^ and 
it being almoft Nighty it would be impoffible for us 
to get Sight of St. John'^ before Nighty and fo per'- 
chance we mighty by the Uncertainty of the Current^ 
mifs the J/land^ efpecially as we had no Candle on 
Board to fee bow to fteer a direSi Courfe by the 
Compafs. Befidesy I told them, the Night was 
likely to prove very dark and hazy^ and we 
might be on the Rocks before we could fee them^ and 
fo perifh all together. 

Upon his infifting, Sthat he was fure^ if he 

could once fee the Ifland^ if it was never fo dark he 

could find the Way inti^the Harbour j I told him, 

/ would not venture in the Night ; but if he wa^ fo 

;.pofttive he knew the Way into the Harbour in the 

[ '39 ] 

Ni^t^ I could the better depend upon him to find the 
Way in by Day. 

Whereupon they all laid, fhat if I would not 
run in now direSily^ they were fure we Jhould lofe 
Sight of the Land before the next Mornings and then 
what could they or I either expeSi but to perifh ? 

I told them, S^hey need not fear that ; for I 
would engage my Life to bring them to the Jfland of 
St. John, with God^s Afjifiance^ by the next Day 
Noon at farthefi^ and did not fear but we Jhould be 
much better off than ^ their Conforts^ Cwho^ in all 
Likelihood^ had rajhly perijh^d with the Boat J if 
Nicholau could but dire£l me into the Harbour. 

So about half an Hour paft fix in the Evening, 
it being then duskifh, I laid the Sloop a-try un- 
der her Forefail, with her Head to the North- 
Weftward, the Peek then bearing South-South- 
Eaft, a little Eafterly, and the North-Eaft Point 
of the Ifland South-South-Weft, a little Wefter- 
ly ; the Veffel came up to Nor th-and-by- Weft, 
and fell oiF to the North-Weft-and-by-North. 

The Blacks v/ere lb difhearten'd, for fear we 
Ihould lofe the Land, that they went down in the 
Hold, and there lay upon the Ballaft, relblving 
not to fee themfelves perifti ^ nor could I perllvade 
any of them once to come up and take a Spell ^t 
the Pump all the Night, but were io dilpirited, 
that they lay like dead People, not caring to ftir, 
nor even to Ipeak ^ fo that the Boy and I was 
forcM to look out, and tend the Pump, which I 
was the better able to do, becaufe tljey had eafed 
me of that Labour all the Day before. 

I now and then catch'd a Nod as I lat on the 
Deck, and then took a Spell at the Pumpj and 
then a Pipe of Tobacco, and {o I pafs'd the 
Night away till about four o'Clock the next 
Morning ; at which Time I fet the North Point 
of the Ifland^ and it thai bore South, a little 

f MO 3 

Eafterly, diftant, according to my Eftimation, 
about lour or five Leagues. 

I then caird to the Blacks to come up and help 
me to hoift the Mainfail, for that it was Time to 
make Sail, and bear away for St. John^^ ; but 
they would neither come up, nor anfwer, fup- 
poiing, as afterwards they told me, that I did it 
only to get them to pump, concluding, that we 
were out of Sight ot all Land, and ftould ever 
remain fb : So I was forced to bring the main Ha- 
liards to the Windlace, and make the Boy hold 
on, while I hove the Mainlail up, as much as we 
' had of it, which was not above half a Sail, it be- 
ing fliorten'd three Reeves. 

After I had got the Mainfail up, I made the 
Boy put the Helm a Weather, and hoifted the 
Jib, and fteer'd away for the North Point of the 
Ifland of St. Pbilipy keeping it a Point or better 
open upon the Larboard Bow. 

After we had been under Sail about an Hour, 
or Ibmething better, they hearing me cun the Boy 
at the Helm, began to have a Mind to fee or hear 
what I was doing ; Nicbolau called to me, and 
ask'd, Ifbetber I Jaw tbe Land ? I told him Tes ^ 
and that we were "very near tbe Point of tbe Ifland 
(wbicb was under our Lee-bow) wben tbey went 
down^ and were now failing direSily for tbe Ifland 
of St. John. 

Upon this good News they all ftarted up, and 
camie upon Deck, and as feon as they faw we 
were ^b near the Land, contrary to what they ex- 
peded, and even contrary to what they all thought 
was poffible, they were very much rejoic'd and 
revived, and immediately went to the Pump, and 
pumped the Veflel out dry ; though there was not 
much Water then to pump out of her ^ for I fel- 
dom let her ftand half an Hour without pumping, 
^reading to let too mtich Water l^ in her at a 

C H> 3 

ITime, for fear a large Spell would make me 
thirfty ; and having nothing to quench my Thirft' 
on Board, and very little to allay Hunger, the 
Rice and the Rum being almoft gone, and the 
dry'd Shark I dar'd not eat of, it always njjaking 
me very thirfty whenever I eat any of it. 

By this Time 'twas Day, and doubling the 
Point of the Ifland, I haled more Southerly a- 
long the Coaft of the Ifland, till we got abrcaft 
of that Part of St Pbilip\ called by the Inhabi- 
tants 3^be Gbors^ which is very much noted for * 
the exceeding hard and fudden Gufts of Winds 
that come off there, the nearer to which, the 
harder they are, and reach off the Shore about 
four Leagues, and then lofe their fierce Violence. 
Thefe Gufts are but weak in the Night, and ra- 
ther weaker in the Morning till about ten in the 
Forenoon, at which Time the Sun rifing above 
the Mountains, they blow prodigious hard till • 
about four or five in the Afternoon. 

We were, when abreaft of it, about two 
Leagues from the Shore, and it being fb early in 
the Morning, had not much of them, though it 
could not well have damaged us for the Quantity 
of our Sails that we had ^rcad y but the Rotten- 
nefs of them rendered them ujnable to have held 
out the Force or Violence of fiich of them, as 
might be counted very moderate, in refpe<% of 
the more violent Flaws. 

We could fee the Ifland of St. John very plain, 
and I fteer'd diredtly for it 5 and, in a little Time, 
raifed the little Iflands which lie on the North- 
Eaft Point of the Ifland, and by the Natives 
call'd Gbuys 5 within which lies the befl: Road or 
Harbour in the Ifland, called by the Inhabitants 
Fuurno^ which in their Language fignifies ai^ 
O^ven^ fb callM,' I fiippofe, from the feveral 
Caves which are thereabouts. 

C Mi 3 

As fbon as wc made the little Iflands^ I, by 
the Dire&ion of my Pilot NicbofaUy fteer'd di- 
recStly for the Eaftermoft of them, which was 
the higheft, and kept it a little open on the Star- 
board Bow, and fb run till we were got within 
about half a League of the Eaft End of it, and 
then kept along the Ifland till we were abreaft 
of the Weft End, which hath a high rocky 
Point, almoft like a Sugar-Loaf, with ^he Top 
broke off, not flat, but a little rounding. When 
we were got abreaft of the laft mentioned Point, 
we then fteer'd for the North-Eaft Point of St. 
yobns^ by the Natives called Ghelungo^ which 
' bears from the Weft Point of the Eaftwardmofl: 
of the little Iflands about South-Weft-and-by- 
. South, diftant about a large League and a half, 
or two Leagues. 

Then I began to ask my Pilot Nicholau^ IVhcre- 
ahouts the Harbour was ? who very readily 
fliew'd me, as he thought ; but when we had, 
failed a little farther, then he fhew'd another 
Place, and as we ran along, he ftill was fhewing 
me a new Place for the Harbour ; infbmuch, 
that I plainly law he was utterly ignorant : for 
every new Point of Land that we raifed, ftill 
that was the Point, he faid, that made the Har- 
bour 3 infbmuch that the other Blacks began to 
chide at him, and tell him, S!'hat they believd he 
knew nothing of it ; and that either he ne'ver bad 
been at the Ifland of St. John, or elfe this that we 
now faw^ muft he fome other Land that be bad never 

I told them, / was pofitive this was the Ifland of 
St. John 5 and that they might certainly credit me ; 
for I could not he miftaken in the Ifland^ whatever 
was the Matter that Nicholau could not remember 
whicb^ or where the Harbour was. 

4' tVvt-j 

They fiki, ^ey could not tell the Mifoninr of it, 
for the Land was fo remarkdbkf that any B^, that 
ever badfeen it but once, might knew it again. 

Nicholau laid. He was fure it vias the Ifland of 
St. John, bul it was fa longjince be bad been tbere^ 
that be could not, he jaw plainly, know the Harbour 
at a Difiance ; yet be was fure be Jhould know it 
when be came to it. 

I asked him, Jfbe was certain we were notpaft it 
already? He&d, He was fure we were not, and fo 
I kept on all along the Ifland, within about a Mile 
or Ids, of the Shore, that I might be fure not to 
mils it j and, at laA, we difcover'd it; but then 
we were got to Leeward, for the Harbour lies round 
a Point, and turning up to Windward, fo that you 
cannot perceive its Opening, till you are paft it ; 
and under the Land, the Wind is always light, 
though it blows never fohard a Trade in the Oflin, 
which makes a Ihort popling Sea, and in a light 
"Wind, makes it very difficult, for any Veflel to turn 
up under the Shore ; but impoflible to us, our 
Sails being fo Cnall, that the Veflel would ftarce 
anlwer her Helm in that popling ftiort Sea ; and 
befides a ftrong Lee Current, which we perceiv'd to ^ 
horfe us down to Leeward apace. 

I asked my Pilot Nicholau, Ifhetber there was 
no Place to Leeward, that we might Anchor at ? He 
told me. No, and that if I did not put the Sloop 
afiwe before I droi^e to Leeward of Punta de Sal, 
Ifhould not be able to get afhore, but we mufi all 
cfus certainly perijh. I asked him, JVbat be would 
advife me to do ? He faid. He would have me puP 
the Sloop afhore upon the R-ocjb, and every one maks 
tbeir Efcape as they could. 

I told him. Neither / nor the Boy could fwim, 
and we Jhould run as great a Hazard that IVay, 
havii^ no Boat, as by Srivingto Sea again- 

C » 44 1 

He laid. As for his Party fince he wasgptjo nigh 
? Shore y if I would not pui * '^ 
felfy they could^ and would. 

the Shore y if I would not put the Sloop ajUore i^^ 

'ildy whether I wou^d or 


I told him, / had a Gun ready loaden for any^ or 
all of tbem^ that Jhould offer to do any shbing on 
Board of my Veffel againft my Will. Upon which , 
Words, he jump'd over-board, laying. He wijhed 
me welly and the refi that were with me^ hut would 
endeavour not to perijh himfelf^ and away he fwam 

The other Blacks told me, S^ey could not fwim 
welly and dared not to ^venture ; hut if they were 
fure they could fafely fwim afhore^ they would not 
leave me^ till J could alfo fecure myfetf ^ hut withal^ 
they hoped I did not defign to carry them away to Sea 
without any Water or Provifions. 

I told them, / cared as little for ftarvingy or pe^ 
rijhing at Sea^ as they could ; neither did I defign to 
go in this Condition any farther y than to find a con^ 
wenient Place to Anchor the Sloop in 5 andy if not y to, 
put the Sloop afloore in the heft Mannery and at the 
moft convenient Place 1 could find for our fdfeefcaping 

Buty faid they, Nicholau faidy if you did not put 
the Sloop afhorCy before you drove paft that Pointy 
Cpointing to Punta de Sal J you cannot get afhore at 

I told them, Nicholau knew nothing of the Mat^ 
tery as they might eafily perceivcy by his not knoW'^ 
ing the Harbour before they were paft ity and too 
late ; fory continued I, had he known ity we had nowy 
with God^s Bleffingy been fafe in and moored ; andy 
perhapSy I might have fo recruited herey as to have 
been able to put you all afhore at St. Nicho^ 

' M 

C -45] 

At which, they began bitterly to cnrfe NicbotoM^ 
and to wiih that he might be drowned before he goc 
aihorc ^ or, if he did get thither iafe, that he mi^t 
break his Neck down the Rocks before he got 
quite up. 

. I told them, / was not out of Hopes yet^ and 
was almoft fure I Jhould find an Ancboring-Place 
about Punto de Sal, and^ with God's AffiftaMe^wouH 
get tbem allfafe ajbore^ iftbey would pump the Wa^ 
ter out of the Sloop ; for our Eagernels of looking 
out for the Harbour, and Di&ppointment in mifling 
. it, had made me negledb the Fump^ and fhe had a 
great deal of \Yater in her, inJbmuch, that with 
her rowling in the Sea, the Water waihed over the 

However, my black Ship-Mates told me flat and 
plain, ^ey would not pumpy nor do any Jiingelft^ 
till they faw wbetber tbey Jhould live or die ^ and^ 
as foon as tbe Sloop was fafe at an Ancbor^ tbey 
would tben Puntpj or do any T^ing that 1 would de-* 
fire tbem. 

Ay, faid I, Ifuppofe to get ajhore^ and lea^c me 
as Nicholau has done. 

Hereupon they made bitter Imprecations upon 
themfelves, if ever they would leave me, or the 
Sloqp, till I thought fit myfelf ; but all that I could 
do, could not penwade them to pump one Stroke. 

I run down along Shore, and haled in cloie to 
Punto de Sal, infbmuch, that haling about the 
Point, a Man might almoft have jumped alhore. 

It may, perhaps be thought, that I was Fool-har« 
dy for venturing fo nigh the Rocks, without being 
acquainted with them; but if theNeceffity Ilayun* 
der, and the Rcafons that induced me to do fo, be 
coniidered, I diink I may be cleared on that Head ^ 
for that Point beine the Leewardmoft Land of the 
Ifland that 1 could lee, I did not knpw how the Land, 
jnight trench away on the other Side of it; So, that. 

as J&r as I knew, I might not be able to hale in 
with the Lacfd oo the other Side of the Point. I 
aMb obierv^d it to be a fmootb fteq> Rock^ 3^ 
opc 6> finooth bttt what «t &cm'd pebble to gee 
up it, and generally fiich Sort of Rocks are ftcep 
too 9 fo that my Intention was, as fixm as I had 
open'd the Lana beyond the Point, if I had no 
Pro^ft either to hold the Shore on Board, or o£ 
an Anchoring-Place, to nm her fe nigh the Point, 
if Neceflitv fi> required;, that with die Way that 
the Veflfel nad, I could Iheer her to the Rock, lb 
that the Boy and I might jump afhore^ for to 
drive to Sea as now . we were, if we could any 
Ways avoid it, would be too great a Pre- 

As foon as I opeti'd the Land on. the other Side 
of the Point, I difixxver'd a finall deep little Bav, 
and luffing in about it, haying my Lead ready 
upon Deck, 1 hove a Caft, and Iiad thirteen Fa* 
thorn Water: I hove again, and kid twelve Fa- 
thoms, the Northern Stream being made, which 
fcts fbrong into the Bay, and round the Point, 
check'd me in mainly. I hove the Lead again^ and 
had ten Fathoms ^ the next Caft I had> nine, and 
then I cockbilled my Anchor, and heaving one 
Caft more^ I had eight Fathoms and a half i not 
liking the Shore well, which to me look'd very 
ragged, which moft^an-cnd denotes foul Ground, 
though, by the Lead, it ieem'd to be both even 
and clear ; I let go my Anchor in. eight JFathom 
Water f and as £)on as I had v^d Cable enough 
to hold the Sloop, and ftow'd. the Sails, I toofc 
and rigg'd both Pumps, and took* hold of one 
Pun^break myfeif,. andbid them take hold of 
tjie other, and wc fhould fbon pump, her onto 
But they feid, S'iffy wanted IVater^ ani w^e n)erf 
dry^ faint^ ajfd bmgry^ mid vnabh to fumf ^ ktt 

• « M 

^ .• v^ 


thty would fwim ajhote^ dnd fee fair fdtne tVaier^ and 
ctme on Board agatn. 

I tpld them, 3^bere was no Place nigb us, I he^ 
liev% that bad any Water j neitber did it look as if 
ibere were any ; and tberrfore defi/d tbem to wait 
witb Patience till tbe Morning, and to be fure fomi 
of tbe Inbabitants would came down to us, and per^ 
taps migbt bring Jothe Provijkms too^Jince tbey muft 
needs know ana bear of our Neeeffity by Nicholau, 
wbo I was fure would not fail to give tbem an Ac-^ 
count wbo we were, and of our NeceJJities. 

They told me, ^'bey did not know but Nichdati 
mi^t be drown d, or devoured by fome Ftjh before 
be got ajhore, and tbat tbey would not truft to tbat : 
S'bat it migbt be, tbe Sloop would drive to Sea again 
in tbe Niffft. 

I told them, ^bey need not fear tbat ^ and if we 
found no Relief before tbe next Noon, I myfelf would 
bale tbe Sloop in, and go witb tbem ajhorc. 

They laid, Tbey would go ajhore and get fomi 
Water, and would come off to me in tbe Morning 
betimes, and bring me fome, if I did not go away 
witb tbe Sloop in tbe Night . 

So away they went overboard, and fwam afhore^ 
which was not far, being about a large Stone's 
Caft, and never came to me more. 

It was Evening, and almoft duskifh, when they 
went away , but I could lee Ibme of the Natives 
1^ aloft on the Tops of the Rocks, but they did 
not come down that Night. 

So the little Boy and I were again left alone to 
Ihift.for ourlelves as well as we could , and after I 
had * put feme Service in the Hawle, I fell to worfc 
at my old Trade of pumping, and was heartily 
tirM before I got her Iuck d 5 for being- nigh the 
Shore, Co that I could have made fhift to have 
laved the Boy and myfelf, I was not {o much 
afraid as when I was at Sea ^ which Fear, I found 

[ '4«J 

now, had made me €o vigorous, and T thought, 
ftrong, that I nvas not dioi dr'd, as I could per- 
ceive, at all ; but now it icem'd not only drefbme, 
but tedious and irkibme, inlbmuch, diiat I began 
almoft to deQ>air of being able to lK)Id out withbut 
ibme other Afnfiance, however, with modi to 
do, I, after a long and tedious pumping, got her 
to fiick. She had as much, or more Water in her, 
than (he had when the Pirates firft left me ; but 
then I had my biggeft Boy to help me, who could 

Sump as much as I could, and then I was more 
rong and vigorous, being pretty much ^tigued, 
emaciated and debilitated fince then. 

However, I rcfblv'd with nurfelf to keep her, 
if I could poffible, till I could fmd, whether there 
was Hopes to get any Thing at this liland, fb as 
to recrmt,and enable me to run down to Barbadoes ; 
for I hoped, if I could |[et a little Provifions, and 
perfoade two or three of the Blacks to go with me 
to help me at rhe Pump, which, now fhe became 
(6 leaky, was the principal Part of the Work, the 
Sails, with a finall Matter of mending, would 
ferve to run down. 

As loon as it was Day, three of the Inhabitants 
of the Ifland came down to the Sea-fide, and haled 
the Sloop. I anfwer'd them. They ask'd me Hm 
I did? and welcomed me to their Ifland. I thanked 
them. They ask'd, U'^betber tbey might come on 
Board ? I told them, ^bey migbt if tbey pleas'" d^ 
or knew bow^ for I bad no Boat. They £aid, ^bey 
had a Boat of tbeir own : At which they jump'd 
into the Sea, and fwam off to me. As foon as 
they were come on Board, they ask'd mtj JTbe- 
tber J was not an Englifhman ? I told them Tea. 
They laid, tbeylov'^tbe Englifli tbe befi of any 
Kattony and ask'd me. Where tbe reft of my Company 
wre ? 

I told 

. t- 

I <49 ] 

1 told diem, ^be Pirates had taken all my Men 
from me. 

They laid, S^ey knew that^ for Nicholau Verd 
had told them of that the Day before, 

5tben^ faid I, Nicholau is got ajhore ? Tes^ laid 
they^ and be would have come down to yoti with usy 
Put tbat be has hurt his I'bigh and Hip againft the 
Kocks as be was landings infomucb^ tbat if wa 
bad not been there when be came afhore^ to help btfj% 
out of the Water y be would have certainly pertflad ^ 
buty laid they, we ask*d not for your Men^ that i/ 
the Engliflimen, but the Blacks which Nicholas 
told us be bad left on Board when be fwam ajhore. 
I told them, ney went ajhore the preceding Night i 
and told me when they fwam ajhore^ tbat they would^ 
come again on Beard this M^rning^ and bring me 
fonw Water off with them y but I bad not beard of 
them Jincc. 

They ask*d mc. If I bad any Water on Boards 
for Nichcdau Verd, they faid, bad *told tbem^ tbat I 
bad bad no Water when he came ajhore^ nor for a 
long ^tme before. 

I told them I had not one Drop. They laid. 
If I would go on Shore ^ they bad fome Pompion there ^ 
and would make a Fire and drefs fome of it^ and^t 
me fome Water. 

I told them, / could not fwim ; at which they 
much admirM, that any Man (hould venture to 
go to Sea without knowing how to fwim. 

I told them, I'bat abundance of our Countrymen 
did J and tbat jfwiraming was not Jo common among^ 
uSy as it was among fi them, 
• They laid. It was ^ery Jirange^ tbat we ufing 
the Sea more than any Nation^ yea^ even more than 
the Portuguefe, who had taught all the World to be 
Sailors^ as they were inform^ d^ Jhould not praSiice 
fwimming : It was what they praSlis^d^ they laid, 
£Vfin from their Infancy^ not excepting their "very 

jVomen ; and that tbej jkould he afraid f$ go dtwn 
upon the Rocks to fijh^ unlefs they could fwim 5 for 
fear they Jhoutd at any Jtme happen to fall into ih'e^ 
Sea ; in which Cafe^ if they could not fwim^ they 
eould expeSi nothing lefs than to he drowned. 

I ask'd them, J^ there was any Water nigh Hand .^ 
They laid, Tes^ and fhew^d me viiereaboi^ it 
Ivas, and tx>ld me, Jf J would gi've them a large 
Calahajby they would fwim aver tie Bay^ and fetch 
fme ^ for the Rocks were fo fteep^ that if a Man 
went ajhore on one Side of the Bay^ he could not g$ 
found to the other Side^ without fwimming. 

I thanked them, and told diem, I bad no Cala* 
'bajhes^ but I had a fmall Cask ; and bid the Boy 
hand up a half Andior which was in the Hold. 

When the Boy brought it up, they faid it was 
too cumber fome to fwim with^ arid they would there^^ 
fore go ajhore^ and take their ownCalabaJhes : Which 
are Gourds, that after all the Pulp and Seeds are 
taken out, are let to dry, and fo become hard, 
and lerve them to carry their Water to their 
Houfes, as alio when they go a fifhing or hunt- 
ing ; for they never go abroad from their Huts 
without a Calabafti of Water with them , and fot 
their more eafy Carriage of that, and their Pro- 
vifions, when they go a Journey, as alio to bring 
home the Fifli or Vcnilbn that they catch, they 
have every one of them a Goatskin, ftripped d9F 
without cutting the Skin open, Ibmething like a 
Soldier's Knapwck ; and the Hide of the Legs 
being ftripped down to the Hoofs, and the Hoofs 
cut off with the Skin, lerves to fling them for 
their more eafy Carriage, which they do by mak- 
ing faft the Feet of one Side together, and put- 
ting their Arms through, by which Means they 
hang over their Backs with little or no Trouble 
fQ them, as they are lb us'd to them. 

r '5' ] 

They accordingly iw^m afliore j and by that 
Time diey had reacn d it, there appeared in Sight 
aloft on die Rocks, fbme more of them, who 
hallowed and hoop'd much afcer the Manner of 
the Mandingo Negro's; from whom, I believe^* 
they might take their Original, being very like 
them in Gefture, Manners, and Phyfiogno- 
my, and ufing a great deal of the Mandingo. Dia- 
led in their Speech. 

They were anjfwer'd by the Blacks who Iwam 
afhore ^ at which they defcended down the Rocks, 
and the others below waited for them till thw 
came down, and, I fuppofe, told them of -theiic 
being on Board, 6^^. after which, thefe newr 
come Blacks fwam ofl^ being three in Number, 
and came on Board, and a$k'd me, How J di^ 
&c. and told me, ^hey bad brought nothing from 
the Town with tb^m^ becaufe they did not know vf 
my NeceJJity ^ faving two Pompions, which belonged 
to thofe Blacks who were gone to fetch me IVater^ 
who had defird them to bring them off with them : 
^hat they alfo had met with the Blacks who came 
afhore lajl Nighty and who^ as they told them^ were 
going to the Governor to get him to fend me down 
jome Men to pump the Water out of the Shipy for 
that there was a great deal of IVater came in thro^ 
her Bottom^ and if the Governor did not fend me 
down forth Help^ the Ship would fink ^ and that they 
were fo tird with the Pump that they were almoft 
dead ; but had faid nothing of my Want of Water 
and Provifions. 

I askM them. Whether the Govertfor was a good 
Man or mt ? 

They told me, Ke was an extraordinary good 
Man^ and they believd he would have been amn 
with trie before now^ but that he was very fick^ a 
Fever and Cough ^ which he had had a long Ttme^ 
infhmucb^ that be bad not been out a bunting for 

L 4 fe'VietA 

fever al Months ^ hut they were fure 1 Jhotfld have 
feme Help down that Day 5 and defir'd me to pew 
them the Pump^ that they tnight fee what it was ; 
which I did : And then they dcfir*d me to let them 
fee how I worked with itj that they might help me. 
Which 1 did very willingly, and diey pumpM till 
it luckM, and then I made them leave off. 

In about two Hours, the Blacks who went for 
the Water returned, and brought two dlabaihes 
full with them, which I believe might be about 
fix Quarts : I dien went to work to make a Fire, 
and the Blacks were lb obliging, they would not 
let me make it, but made it themfelves. I made 
the Boy get up a little Rice, and fliced a Pompion 
into the Pot Ivith it, of which we made fome 
good Pap, and, asd^n as boilM, we all eat heartily ^ 
after which, I/gave them a finall Dram of Riun 
apiece, for which they were very thankful. 

I would have dre{s'd fome of my dry'd Shark ^ 
but as foon as they faw it, they asK d me, If that 
was not Fifh called Sarde ? I told them, / did not 

They ask*d me. Where I got it. I told them, 
/ catcVd it at Sea , and when I told them after 
what Manner, they lifted up their Hands and 
Eyes, and much admirM my Ingenuity in the 
Contrivance of catching it, and that any Englijb 
Ihould eat it ^ and were fiire it was that>Kind of 
Fifli which they call'd Sarde ^ asking me. If it 
would not feize and devour an human Creature^ if 
itfhould light on one in the Water ? 

I told them, It would^ and was a very voracious 
Ftfh, Then they laid. It was the fame h ^nd di- 
rectly, without asking my Confent, tofi'd it all 
overboard, and laid, They thought that no Man of 
{iny Nation would eat any Fifh that fed upon human 
Flefh ^ but efpecially the Englifli, whom they took to 
he the niceji and cleanlieji People in th^ World. 

• . I told 

C -J} ] 

. I told them, U^e did not ufeit commonlf for Food^ 
and that where NeceJJity did not enforce us^ -^we al- 
ways abhor d fucb Food j hut I catch' d it to keep me 
from ftarvingy and yet^ notwithfiandim I had tt fo 
long on Boards and was reduced to jucb H^oiit^ I 
mas fure there was not three Pound IVeigbt of it 

Some iaid, Jt was better to eat any ^bing than 
ftarve y otlicrs, ^bat they would foonerftarve than 
eat any Jibing that lived upon human Kind. 

After we had eaten, and talk'd a while in this 

]\Ianner, they began to talk among themielves 

about going to their Town, and told me, fbey 

wonder d that the Governor had not fent fome Men ' 

down to me^ and believd that they who went from 

me to Jowny had not fpoke with the Governor^ or 

perhaps they might he weary ^ or not find the Way to 

it 5 but they would go afhore^ and make the bejl 

of their JVay to fown^ and fpeak to the Governor that 

Nighty to fend mc fome Help betimes in the Mornings 

am likewife to order me fome Venifon and other Pro^ 

viflons 5 and did not know but fame of themfelves 

might come on the Morrow^ if they were not too 

much tird ^ /or, they faid, it was an ugly difficult 

Way to Towny as well as long and dangerousy the 

Rocks being very apt to fall ; but fome of them 

would ft ay to help me to do what I wanted to he donCy 

that was in their Power to doy and alfo go and catcb 

me fome frefh Fifh. i 

I thank'd them, and defir'd them to give my Ser^ 
vice to the Governor^' and defire him to fend me ten 
or a Dozen Men downy to hale my Veffel further in^ 
to the Bayy to make her fafty and I would pay to his 
Satisfaction with any Thing I bad on Board the 

They faid, / need not fear having twenty, or 
piore Men down on tbe Morrow j and {o went a- 
(hpre all together, two of tbem having ccwicluded 

[ «54 ] 

to ftay, but went afliorie with the reft to catch 
fomc Fifli for my Supper. They aMb pnmp'd 
the Veflfel drv before they went aihon?, as they 
had done all tne Time that they were on Board. 

Now I began to be a little up hi my Spirits, 
feeing the People were fo affable, and was in 
Hopes that the Danger of perifliihg, by Famine 
was over. About duskifli, the two 'Mcin who 
went a fifhhg rctum'd t)n Board, and brought a 
good handibme Difti of Filh, and a Calabafh o( ' 
Water .with them, which wc drefsM, with fome 
Pompion 5 and after we had taken the Fifli up dht 
of the Pot, at their DeCrc, I made the Boy bring 
up a little Flower, and with it and the Fifh-Broth 
we made fome Pap, which by the Slacks was 
accounted a moft lavoury Difli, as alfo it was to 
me and the Boy, not having eat any hot or 
drefs'd Viftuals a long Time before. 

They told me, ^bey would not have me trouble 
tnyfelf witb tbe Pump^ but the Boy and I might go 
to Sleepy and take a whole Nighfs Bjfi^ which they 
did belie^e^ they feid, / ^ery much ftood in need 
of. ' 

I thank'd them, and faid, / would accept of their 
kind Offer j but defirdy if I fbould chance to fall 
ajleep^ and it Jhould blow^ or fall Calm^ or the 
Wind fhould fhift^ that they would not fail to call • 
me 5 fory iaid I, if it Jhould fall calm^ the Veffel^ 
by the turning of the ^tde^ might take a ^urn with 
the Cable round the Anchor ^ and when the Anchor 
was foul with the Cable ^ it would not bold^ but let 
the Vejfel drive either on the Kocks^ of elfe out to 
Sea^ according as the IVind blew. 

They iaid, ^hey would be fure to call me if Oc^ 
cafion requirdj or any Alteration happen d different 
from what it was when I lay dawn. 

So I fmoak'd a Pipe of Tobacco which they had 
hrought ^ith them, and gave to each of liitta a 


fliort Jtink oJF Pipe^ for I had no other left toy fee 
Pirates^ and confidering I coidd not employ ot 
make Ofe of iny Rtrm better, than to entertaiA 
fiich •Guefts as they were wil^ it, I gave e^ch of 
riicm a finall Dram apteoe, antf ^told them, / bnd 
iut 'very little of it now 3 but MA a^reat deal of it 
when the Pirates took tne^ who bad rohVd me of it 
all^ ecccept a little that Jay in tie Bottom of a Cask^ 
which I believed they knew notbit^ vf^ or tley baS 
not left ffie tbat ^ hut fince I Jaw they were fc kind 
to me^ I eould wijh I bad fometbin^ietter to grve 
them. ■ ' 

They rfiank'd me, and told me, ^be^ would ra^ 
tber bow me keep it for myfelf heeatife^ perbapSj 
I being ufed to drink it^ migbt not fo well he abU 
to li've witbout it ^ but as for their Parts they could 
do very weU wit}fo0 it^ ibo^ it was 'the heji Liquor 
that e^der they badtafteijl 3 having often beard of it I 
and feveral of their Iflanders bad drank pretty much 
ef it^ efpecially when tie Pirates ufed to come tbi'- 
tber^ but for their Parts they never before tafted any 
Aqua ardenta, • (which is the general Name they 
give to all hot Spirits, not knowing the Difference, 
or how to diftinguifh Rum from Brandy, &c.) 
Sut they would noty they faid, have me (Tjon that. I 
had any on Board^ for there were fome of the Inba- 
hitants who knew what Aqua ardenta was j and if 
once they came to know I had it^ they would drink it 
all away from me^ and then I Jhould b^ dfftitute of 
fomethin^ to comfort me^ and perhaps die for want 
of it ; for- they bad heard that their Food was fo. 
different and ordinary to what ours wasj that an 
Englifliman could not live upon it. Befides^ their 
People not heing ufed to any fucbj could not have 
any want of it. Water heing their only Drink^ and 
therefore more natural to them, ^hey alfo bad heard 
it related^ riiey laid, S'bat a certain Pirate caWd 
|ijlatlngwin, a Fipenchman, which Com^r%tht'j did 

' "not 

no^ know hut might he in Bngland, ban)iw landed 
on this Ifland^ Qwhich, as my unlucky Pilot M* 
cbolau Verd told me, was about 20 Years before^ 
and thefe two Blacks, by their 0>untenance, I 
judg^ to be about 24 Years of A%e) had ahun^ 
4dnce of that fir ong Water on Boards and was very 
free of it among the black People of this Iflandy wbd 
drank pkntifully ofitj and nt^ being us^d to itj were 
mad 0fome STtnw after ^ and fome of them fettfick^ 
and dyd of mad Fevers : Notwitbftanding which j 
many that were now on this Ifland^ were almoft 
every Day wijhing^ that a Pirate^ or any other Sbipy 
would come and take tbem with them to fome Country^ 
where they might bow enough of that hot Liquor to 
drink ^ and that they had often^decla/d^ they would 
certainly go with tbem. 

Hearing, this, made me in Hopes, that if I 
could recruit myfelf with a final] Matter of Pro- 
vifions and Water, it would be an eafy Mat* 
ter, if what they faid but now was true, to get 
three or four of them to go with me, to help to 
carry the Sloop down to Barbadoes. 

I ask*d them, If there was good Store of Cotton on 
the IJland. 

. They faid, ^bere was Cotton. enougby but nothing 
nigh fo much as bad been^ hecaufe the Seafons had 
not been fo kindly ^ for want of Rain^ as they usd 
to bCy nor their IJland fo plenty as formerly ^ but 
fiilly they faid, they did not want^ there being inore 
by one half than they gather d and made ufe of. 

I ask'd them. If they did not make Cotton Cloths 
to felL 

They faid, fhere was few or none on the IJland 
but what had Cotton Cloths ^ and fome had a great 
many ^ but no Ships coming to buy them^ tbey gene^' 
rally made no more than tiey had Occajion for^ for 
their own Ufe : But ibat^ however ^ fome Women 
had fix or eight Cloths 3 of which Number ^ &ys one 

i of 

C M7 ] 

of them, fnj Mother is one ; hut they wore them fo 
feldofffy that a Cloth would la/i fome Tears. 

I askM them, iVhether I could not get fome Q^ 
ton 5t bread to mend my Sails ? 

They feid, / need not fear thatj they were fure 
no Body would refufe to give me a Skein or two of 
J'hread for asking. 

I told them, / would buy it ; for I had ibme 
Glafs Beads, and fome old Cloths, &c. than 
which you cannot have a more acceptable Comr 
modity to traiEck with thofe People. 

It growing late, (I believe near or about the 
Hour of ten) they faid, J'bey would have me go 
lie down and/leepy and tbey would look out for me^ 
and call whenever there was Occafion^ and wduld 
keep the Sloop always pumping dry. 

Being pretty ileepy, and much fatigued by fit* 
ting up all the Night before, I was willing to ac- 
cept their Kindnefs, and gave them a half-Hour 
Glafs, and fhew'd them, that in a certain Space of 
Time, all the Sand would run out of the upper 
Glafs into the lower, and then, by turning the 
End which had the Sand in it, uppermoft, in the 
fame Space the Sand would run again into the 
other £nd ^ and fb by turning the Glafs as fbon as 
the upper End was empty, they might know how 
the Time pafs'd ; and that it would be enough to 
pump the Veflel every Time they turnM the Glafs, 
and when they had fuck'd her, to let the Pump, 
fland till the upper End of the Glafs was empty j 
and then to turn the Glafs and pump again. 

They faid, T'hey would ^ and ask'd. How many 
Sjmes the Glafs muft ruft out^ and he turned azain^ 
to make that Space of Stme which I call' d an Hourf 
Having told them twice^ they ask*d me, IVbether 
the Glafs would run the Sand in that ^ime if evfry 
me went to Sleepy as escadly as if it was watch' d\? - 

t tokl tHaest^ U was all the fam ;. and thdy ask^d 
ine, If I kmn) bm> many Glajfes W9Uld run om be* 
fore the Day appeared. 

I faid, Icouldj if they took Care to turn the Glafs 
agmn as fomas the upper End was^ en^y^ and not 
hefore^ prtmdedl could know eiea^ly what Hour of 
the Night it was when the Glafs was firfl ttmid. 

But bow will you do to know that, (aid they > 
: : / have a fbing^ fidd I^ by which I could tell by 
the Starsy if the North Side of the Sky were clear 
to the Water ; hut now I cannot y hecaufe the Land 
hinders me. 

They feid^ ^bey belienfd all White Men were 
Fittafeers (i. e. Corxyartrs^ 

I told them) We utterly detejled having any Cor^ 
refpondence with the Devil, and in our Country when 
any one was fdund guilty of Sorcery, be or fise was 
by the Law cf tbe^Land immediately burned 
'. They faid^i b was a very ^ood Law^ and they 
wffsi'd they would do fo there alJOyBut, faid they^^w^ 
do mi meat^ when we fay all White Men are Fitta* 
jeers, that they are fuch evil Perfons, or commit 
fufi? Mifcbievoufnefs as our Fktafeers do^ or that 
you are beholden to the Devil for your Skill, as ours 
0re : We rather think you are more ingenious, and 
know more than the Devil bimfelf does ; and there^ 
fore we do believe, that it is not in the Power of our 
pittafeers, with all their Skill and Affiftame. of the 
Jkvil, to hurt a White Man>, efpecially if he he a 
^ehols^ico, 0'. e. an Artift, or Man of Lea<ming) 
as they helmed mofi Strangers to he, who were Pilo-^ 
<o?^ and therefore when I went up to ^own^ they 
^toped I would do fometbingto c^^gbt them, foasto 
inake them forbear hurting tbemand their Cattle,^ and 
efpecially littk Children, agai^ whom they badfucb 
^; Spite, efpeciatty^ if their Parents had any Ways 
offended them ^ tbat in fome Families they would not 


C '59 ] 

ft^ a Child to Uw^ hu$ would fo bewHeh it^ that 
in a little Ttme it would pine amay^ and die. 

I was willing to keep up their Efteem of me, 
and told them^ I would [ee what was to be done in 
that Jdatter when I went up to their Jvwn^ which I 
defigfid Jbould he as foon as the Governor fent tim 
down fonw Man to help me^ and that I bad got the 
Sloop a little better made faflj and farther into the 

They &id, / Jhould han^e Hznds enough by the 
Morrow ; and ask'd. How many Glaffes they muft 
turn to nuike it the Middle of the Night ? j4nd how 
many more to bring Day ? Jfei if I could not guefs 
this J within two^ three^ or four Glaffes j by any of 
the other Sides of the Sky be fides the North ? . 

I told xkemy I did belie*ve J could ; and £o gue& 
fing the Time of the Night to be abt)ut een, I bid 
them, turn the Glafs then^ and let it run outy and 
turn ft thrice more^ and that would bring Mdnight ^ 
and then turn it eleven ^iwtes more^ and that would 
very near^ or quite bring Day ^ asking them. If 
they could be fure to keep a true AccouM cftbe Num^ 
ber of Glaffes which they turn'' d.^ 

Thejr faid. Tea : J'hen, iaid I, you can reckm 
well I fuppofe : They fed, Tes^ yesy they would 
have me to think they were not like the Terra firma 
Preato's (/. e. Mainland Blacks) for although they 
were blacky yet they believed there was a God and a 
Chrifi^ and they tbanJCd St. J^tonio, and were be-- 
bolden to him above all the Saints^ even more than 
tif St. John, who was the Guardian Saint of their 
J^and^ and under whofe Care they bad been put by 
the Portugucfe, when they firfi brought their^Bfre^ 
fathers J^^oin/iJ?^ Terra firma, and plfic^d tbenim^ 
this Ifland. Tet^ faid 'diey, we are more obligated 
to St. Antonio, becaufe it was he that direffed the 
Fortuguefe, and conduced them with us: to ^^^ 
I/Iandy through whom we not only came to the Know^ 

ledge of bimfelf^ hut alfo of God^ Cbrifiy Sf. John, 
am alfo of all the other Saints that we know i and 
of the Virgin Mary, who is God^s Mother^ and can 
command Kfer Son to do any ^bim fhe pkafes i and 
we are fure that God cannot deny his Mother ^ which 
is the Keafon that we oftner pray to her than to Gody 
or Chrifi ^ Isecaufefhe heing a IVman^ is more eafily 
perfwaded^ as are almoji alllVomen^ than Men: 

They added, ^hat a great many of them could 
hoth read^ write^ and caft Accompt^ though they 
ownd they -had not the Ufe of Figures like the Englilh, 
whoj as they had been infonr^a^ exceeded all 'People 
in the IVorld^ for Navigation^ Pbyfick^ Conju* 
ration, and Aritbmetick , even the Portuguefe them^ 
felvesj from whom they had learned all that they 
kneiv y and therefore, as we exceeded the Portu- 
guefe, who were their teachers, fo it could not be 
otherwife but we muft abundantly exceed them. 

They then repeated their Defire, that I would 
go to lleep i whereupon I bid them good Night, 
charging them to be fure to call me if they faw 
any Alteration ^ which they promised, and I 
went to my Cabbin, and mus d and contemplated- 
on my prdent Condition, as well as what Means 
I could ufe to extricate me out of it, with a hear- 
tv Defire that the Almighty would diredt me in 
tne beft Way and Method ; and feeing it a fine 
Night, and a fleady, frefli, yet moderate Wind, 
blowing the right Tr^de, and likely fb to conti- 
nue, I at laft fell afleep, and held it till about four 
or five in the Morning y at which Time awaking 
in a Sort of a Surprize, as not being a long Time 
ufed tofuch long and undiflurb'd Sleeps, I arofe, 
and cam6 upon Deckhand found my two new 
Shipmates fitting forward, tSlking together. 

1 bid them a good Morning, and ask'd them. 
How they had pafs'd the Night r 

- ^ ' 


[ «5' 3 

^hey faidj Very ivell^ and ask'd me. How I 


I told them^ Very well. They laid, ^bey were 
got forward to talkj becaufe they would not wake 
or difturb me ; and thought^ confidering the iVatch^ 
ing and Fatigue I had bad^ that I Jhould not have 
waked before the Sun was up. 

I told them, / bad not bad fucb a long or found 
Sleep in a great while before , and ask'd mem. How 
long it was fince they pumped ? They faid, 3*bey 
pumped when they turned the Glafs^ which was about 
half out^ and^ I took the founding Rod and founded^ 
and found the Sloop had not above eight Inches tVa^ 

They told me, ^hat the Idfi ^tme they pumped^ 
for fear they Jhould not do right y they calfd the little 
£oyj who told them^ that jhe was dry enough^ and 
then they made him go to fleep again ; but were 
lotb to wakie me^ left I Jhould not go to fleep again 
prefentlyy which they knew the Boy would prefently 

I ask'd them. How many Gtajfes the^ had got 
put ? or^^ Whether they had not let them ft and ? 

They laid, ^hey bad not let them ft and at all ; 
after it was out of one End^ they immediately tuirnd 
it 5 and that this Glafs that was now runnings was 
fbe tenth ^ and that they bad watch'' d it the narrower^ 
to fee if it could tell them when Day came. 

I told them, That it would be Day^ I believ'dy 
before two Glajfes more run out^ hefides that which 
was then running. 

IVell^ they laid^ // it was fo^ that would be'juft 
as I had told them before I went to fleep ^ and if it 
fofell out^ they Jhould think it was one of the moft 
ingenious ifhings that ever they had feen in their 
Ltves ; and, that as I had told them in<the Beginning 
of the Nighty that I could not tell the exa£{ Ttnie of 
tb€. Nighty being binder d by the Landy fo if the 

[ •«5x 3 

Hay came in the thirteenth Glafs^ they thought it 
was exa£i enough. They ask'd me, IVhether I 
would not go and take another Nap of Sleep ? I 
told them JVb ^ but they mighty and I would look otiP 
and tend the Pump. They feid. No 5 they had ra- 
tber watch and count the Glajfes till Day ; and as 
for the Pumpy they would not have me trouble myfelf 
with that any more^ for I Jhould always have Men 
enough while I was bere^ that would come of their 
own accord^ and take ^urns on Board. 

I told them. By what I had already feen ofthent^ 
I bad no Reafon to believe that I Jhould want Helpj 
or any ^bmg elfe that the I/land afforded. 

They" ask'd me. If I would fmoak a Pipe of To- 
hacco. I thank'd them, and told them. Tea, So 
they rummag'd their Pouches, but betwixt them 
could hardly make a Pipe full, they having ex- 
pended the Stock which they had brought from 
Home : Whereupon I told them, I had fbme 
Tobacco yet, which the Pirates had left me, and 
offerM each of them a Pipe, which they thank- 
fully accepted; and fb we pafs'd the Time till 
Day, which broke out a little after they had 
turn'd thc\^ twelfth Glafs; at which they much 
wonder'd, that liich an inanimate Thing fliould 
meafure and keep Time fb exadlly, and that they 
who had Life and Senfe in them, could nothing 
nigh meafure or guefs Time as that did ; apd 
Ibmetimes they faid there was fbmething of Ma-' 
gick in it. 

About Sun-rife there was a great Noife, and 
calling from the Tops of the lower Rocks, as if 
there had been a hundred People. The Blacks, 
which w A^ith me on Board, told me, they be- 
lieved thefe jhat I heard whooping upon the Rocks, 
were the Forerunners of the Company which Ac 
Gof^emor had fent. I faid, I wifh'd it nught be 
/bj and that by the Noife they ^miade, diere 

e ein*d to be a great many :- But they iaid it t^a* 
only the founding of the Rocks, which made me 
think fo 3 but they knew there were but two 

The Reader will perhaps wonder how I came to ♦ 
be fo perfeft in their Language {q foon^ it being 
the firft Time I came among them : But I muft 
acquaint him. That the Ground or Original of* 
their Language is the fame with that of their 
Stock, which was, as I hinted before, from the 
Mandingo Negro's 3 from which they retain a 
Diale(5t, as well as a great many of the primitive 
Words of that large Nation, and far extended 
Language ^ and the reft of it is made up of a 
corrupted Portuguefe^ and fome other Words, 
which leem to be coined or invented fmce their 
Settlement here, and incorporated by Ofe with 
their hodge-podge Language. 

Now I had a tolerable Smatch of the Por-^ 4 
tuguefe Language, which is the moft fignificant 
Part of their Dialedt : Befides, they have fo 
nxany Motions (as indeed moft of the Inhabi- 
tants of the Cape de Verd Iflands have, efpecially 
thofe of this, and the Ifland of St. Philip J that 
thereby, and by the Accent, which gives Life 
and iPorce to their Meaning, of which I had fome 
Notion before, that they forv'd very much to 
explaiA what they laid. I alfo underftood fome- 
thing of the general barbarous Language of the 
Windward Iflands, which comes fo nigh to the 
Language of the Leeward Iflands, as in a great 
Meauire enabled me to apprehend the Purport of 
what they laid in the general, and to make us 
underftand one another ; but yet fo oblcurely . 
and confuledly, and with fo much Difficulty, as 
would have rendered an Interpreter heceflary, 
could liich a one have been had ; tho' perhaps he 
could not exprels himfelf with the Em^Vva^^^^^ 

Ma TSojtcfc 

C •<54 ] 

force that I could, however, he might be a 
better Mafter of the Tongue. But to return : The 
Blacks waited a while to fee if they would come 
down 5 but feeing they did not, they faid they 
would go afhore and meet them, and fend themt 
on Board, and they themfelves would go a fifh- 
ing, and bring fbme on Board for Dinner : So 
away they fwam on Shore. 

Some Time after, two Men came down, and 
fwam on Board, being the fame who had whoop'd 
in the Morning, and brought with them a Pom- 
pion y and told me, that the other two, who had 
been on Board all Night, were gone a Fiihmg, 
and would be back about Noon, and had given 
them a great Charge to mind the Pump j and 
defir'd me to fhew them what they mufl: do. 

This I very readily did, and they as readily 
wrought as they were taught ^ and about twelve 
or one o' Clock, the other t\yo return'd with a 
handfbme Difli of Fifli, which we drefs'd with 
ibme Pompion, and, as before, made fbme Pap 
with the Fifli-Broth, and made a hearty Meal 
thereon ^ but my Mefs-mates defir'd me not to ufe 
my Flower, but keep it for myfel^ and Boy; 
^vhich they all took to be my Son, and flill be-» 
lieve to be fb. 

They told me, / Jbould 7tot get any fucb Fo$d 
Toere^ as my Flower was ^ and that if the Prieft 
ieard that I had any^ he would^ they believ'dy eoc^ 
feSi me to give him fome. 

I told them, ^hat I had but a very little ; but 
the Prieft y Governor^ or any Body eUe on the Ifland^ 
was very welcome to that^ or any Thing elfe that I 
had on Board, 

I waited and expefted to have fbme Help down, 
but none came ^ and in die Afternoon it began 
to blow, and look'd dark, cloudy, and heavy to 
Windward, over the Land^ which is a certain 


Sign of a Gale of Wind, fb that I began to fear, 
if it fhould blow hard, and my Ground-Tackle 
^ve Way, I fliould drive out to Sca^ and then 
Aould be in a worfe Condition than ever I had 
been yet : I proposed therefore to them, to iwim 
with the End of a finall Rope alhore, and by 
Aat to hale a Cable-end, and make it faft to the 
Rocks i which they did, but fo flightly, that it 
llipt ^ and all the Arguments that I could ufe to 
perfuade them, could not prevail with them to 
try once more, and to carry a Faft afliore: 
Which made me very difconlblate, the Wind in- 
creafing ftill : They feeing me diflatisfy'd, and 
asking the Reafbn, I told them, j'hat I could ex-* 
pe6t nothing but to perijb^ if I and the Boy Jbould 
drive again out to Sea ; and told them, bow fafely 
that might he prevented^ if I had a Cable well made 
faft aftfcre. 

They faid, i'bey hadftryd already^ and the J?- 
vening now grew cold j bejidesy they were fo fpent 
and tired with what they bad done^ that they could 
not pretend to get it ajhore again ^ befides^ they 
knew that they could never make it well faft ; but 
they were fure there were fome Men would come 
down the next Day from the ^own without fail^ that 
could make faft my Cable to the KockSy or do any 
fbing elfe that I had occafion to have done. 

I told them, / did not know what Sort of Ground 
we bad in the Bqttom^ and did not know but it might 
he rocky J and would cut my Cable ; which, if it didy 
I could exped notbingbut to drive to Sea^and perijb, 
having no Way to efcape to the Land, and na 
Boat, and neither the Moy nor I being able to fivim 
one Stroke. 

They bid me not be diftiearten'd, Rr they would 
manage that welt enough ; j4nd, faid they, we two 
that tarry*d with you on Board laft Night, will go 
M to lowH to Night i and will go to the Governor 

M 3 t% 

C «5<! ] 

as foon as we cme up^ and [peak to bim to order ' 
Men down to help you^ and will come down with 
them our/elves ; and the other two Men who came 
down to Day J will Ji ay on Board with yoUy to pump ^ 
or do any ^hing you defire them, that they can^ till 
^e come back again y and if the Vejfeljhould drive 
away^ you need not fear but what we would fafely 
and fecurely get you afhore^ and the Boy alfo ^ and 
pointing to me Crofi-jeck Yard which lay upon 
Deck) they faid, IVitb that they could carry me 
a hundred ^imes farther than from thence to the 
Shore ^ with Eafe. 

I thanked them ; and defir'd them to take a 
little Flower up with them for the Prieft and Go- 
vernor, and with it to give my Service to them, 
and defire them to fend Ibme People down to 
me, and to be lure to get Nicholau Verd to come 
with them, becaufe he would be more ferviceable 
than they, by reafbn he could make faft a Rope, 
or do any Thing elfe much more handy than any 
of them could. 

They told me. It was better to let the Flower 
alone ; becaule they had a long, as well as a 
dangerous Way to climb up the Rocks, and that 
it was now {o late, that were it not that my Ne^ 
ceffity required it, they fhould not care to climb 
up thofe fteep, as well as rotten . Rocks y but 
they would tell both the Prieft and Governor of 
it, with the Reafons of their not bringing it up 
with them, and defire them to fend feme • Body 
down for it themfelves : So away they went 

It continu'd to blow at Night, as it had done 
in the Afternoon y but towards Day it was a little 
moderate, and the Sun rofe pretty clear, only, be- 
fore his Rifing, it fliewed very hazy and fiery to 
the North -Eaft and Eaft- North- Eaft Board, 
which (he two Slacks that weri? oi) ^oard with 

r '«7 ] 

me, ikidy was a great and lure Sign of very hard • 
Gales of Wind, as the Day increasM, and the . 
Sun rofe up higher ; but more efpecially after the 
Sun began to rail. All which came to pais very 
exadly, though* I could fee nothing that portend- 
ed any Thing of a hard Gale. 

After the Sun had mounted about 30 Degrees 
of Altitude,, it began to blow very hard, and 
the Flaws came down the Rocks with an incredi*- 
ble Force, even beyond what I could believe to 
have been in the Wind, if I had not felt it : 
Sometimes they would come right off the high 
rocky Land, and Ibmetimes a counter Flaw 
would blow right counter to that on the Land^ 
and raife up the Water beyond what I ever few 
a Whale or ^Grampus do, to an almoft incredi- 
ble Degree ; and if they took the Sloop at any 
Time on the Bow, Quarter, , or Broadfide, ffie . 
would heel to it, more than any Body would. 
believe that had not leen it. Indeed rfiey did 
not hold long, Ibme a Minute, or half a Minute, 
Ibme came with a fudden Puff, and would be 
gone again beft)re fhe brought her Cable taut, 

I could not tell what to do ; but often wifhed 
that the Boy and I were fafe afliore, and fi^ 
quently looked out/to fee if I could perceive 
any of the Blacks coming down the Rocks to us ^ 
but all in vain. 

About two in the Afternoon it ceafed a little, 
but ftill continued to blow very hard, though 
not in ftich ftrong Flaws as it did, and I began 
to hope the Heart of the Gale was broke ; and 
about three in the Afternoon, the two Blacks 
who went up the Evening before, came down^ 
and {warn off on Board, and was glad to fee that 
we were not drove out to Sea. S'bey were afraid^ 
they laid, tbey Jhould have been blown off the 

]^ 4 Roeks^ 

[ i<58] 

B^ocks^ as ibey were a coming down j ^nd told tm^, 

They bad been with tbe Prieft and Pbe^GavernoTy 
who bad told tbem^ tbey bad botb of tbem [poke tq 
tbe People J and bad ordered fo many to come dow^ 
to ajjifi me^ that tbey tbougbt I bad bad Help be^ 
fore them : That thereupon they went to fpeak tq 
the People ; but found them all unwilling to come 
down J nor did tbey care fo give tbem any Reafon 
wherefore ; Stbat tbey went alfo t^ find Nicholau 
Verd, to get bim to cor^ewitb tbem^ as I had de^ 
fir^d them^ but tbey could not find him : That at 
laft one told tbem tbe Reafon that none of tbem 
would 'Venture to come down-^ which was^ that 
Nicholau was afraid to come on Boards for feax I 
Jhould carry bim to Sea again ^ and bad prepoffefs'(^ 
tbe reft with tbe like Fear. 

They {aid, t'hey did all that tbey could to per* 
fuade tbem that their Fears were groundlefs^ but all 
in "vain ; wherefore^ feeing tbey fould not prevail 
with any of them^ they came dowff themfelves to 
let me know it^ and to, do me any Service tbey 

I thank'd them, and told them, fhe only and 
bed Service tbey could do me^ was to get the Rope 
ajhore^ as tbey did the Day before^ and make it well 
faft J and then^ if the Cable at the Anchor gave 
IVay^ I could always bale or heave the Sloop to tbe 
Rockj and by that Means the Boy and I Jhould have 
a fair Chance to fave our Lives. 

They laid, If that was ail, tb^y would carry 
me and the Boy ajhore now, and thfy wpuld ft ay in 
the Sloop. 

I thank'4 them, and told them, / would rather 
ftay on Board, ipbile J bad any Hopes of faving 
ber-y and wiflsrd tbey would carry a Rope ajhore, 
which would be a Means to present the ylwhor" 
Cable being fut with tbe Rocks, which otberways 
J CQUld expeSi no lefs, b^ her ranging and fmeping 

the Gfound fo with the Cable^ mtb the uMSf* 
Uin and variable Flaws. 

They faid they would ; (b I bid them carry 
the finall Kope aftiore, and make it feft to the 
Rock, and then we would hale the Sloop to the 
Rock, and I would go afliore myfelf and make 
feft the Cable ; which accordingly they agreed 
to 5 fb I unreev'd the Topping Lift, the Main 
Haliards, and Jibb Haliards, and bent them, and 
three of the Blacks jumped into the Sea, one of 
them taking the End of the Rope, the other two 
taking the Bite at arDiftance, ^e one firom the 
other, as I dire&ed them, and got the End 
afhere, and made it faft ^ and then they camex)n 
Board again, and I imbent the main Sheet, and 
unreev'd it, which was a new Rope, that I had 
bought at Barbadoes^ and bent it to the Cable 
that was at the Anchor, to lengthen it, to veer 
the Sloop to the Rock s which we did, by veer- 
ing the Cable, and heaving in the Shore-raft, till 
we hove the Sloop to the Rock Side, which was 
as fteep up and down as a Key, and about two 
Fathom Water at the Rock Side. 

I then jumped afhore, and made faft an End 
of a Cable to the Rock, and cafting off the Rope 
from the Shore, I veered o% bv the Cable made 
faft afhore, and hove in upon tne Anchor-Cable, 
'till I got her off in her Birth again ; but ftill 
being dubious of the Anchor Cable iweeping and 
ranging* the Ground, I was willing to fee whether 
it was rubbed, chafed, or ftranded any where, 
and bending the main Sheet to the Shore-Cable, 
to lengthen that, I hove a Peek on the Anchor, 
and found it rubbed in feveral Places, and in one 
Place, better than a whole Strand cut through. 

My Delign was^ as the Wind then blew off 
Shore, and not now extraordinary hard, though 
ftill a taut Gale, and the Sloop riding altogetlunr 

I ^70 1 

by the Shorc-feft, to have hove the Anchor up, 
and to cut the Cable off where it was ftranded, 
and bend it again to the Anchor, and let it go 
under Foot, and then veer upon the Anchor- 
Cable, and heave in upon the other Cable that Vas 
faft alhore, and fo ride moored : But all of a 
Hidden, the Blacks laid down their Hand-Spikes, 
and told me, I was going to carry them away 
to Sea, and looked very angry : I told them, no, 
and fhewed them the Cable where it was cut, -and 
did all that I could to perfuade them out of their 
Opinion, and urged my Neceffity for what I was 
going to do, and that the Sloop could not be 
faved without doing it^ and al£>, that I dared 
not do it, imtil I had got a Cable && on the 

They told me, I had made it faft, fo that it 
would loofe whenlbever I had a M ind it fhould, 
and that it was only to amufe them, the better 
to decoy them away : fhat if I had ferved fbme 
of them that was upon the Ifland, as I intended 
to ferve them, they would kill me diredly ; but 
they would not do me any harm, but would run 
no more Hazard, by aflifting me, to be carried 
away to any Place, where they fliould never fee 
their Friends or Ho(pe any more. 

I endeavoured all I could to pacify them, not 
knowing what Danger fuch a Notion might bring 
me ioifo; and, perhaps, fix an Odium on me 
from thofe, who, in all Likelihood, were to be 
my Neighbours during a long Time ; at leaft, 
longer than I defired, if not for all my Life ; and 
at laft perfuaded them to lend me a Hand to iiale 
in again the Shore-faft, and moor her again be- 
tween that and the Anchor, which thev did, and 
then began to talk to one another aoout going 

[ '7' ] 

I did all I could to perfuade them to ftay on 
Board, not fb much for their Affiftance, as for 
fear they fhould fpread a Notion, that I was going 
to carry them away from the Ifland ^ for I had a 
good Cable End afliore, and well made faft, fo 
that the Boy and I could, at any Time, heave 
her in to the Rock Side, when the Anchor-Cable 
gave way, and, without any Danger, in a man- 
ner, ftep afliore. 

I much importuned them to tarry with me this 
rNight, and not to go afliore 'till the Morning. 

They told me, / nti^bt endeavour to perfuade 
them to this J in order to have the better Opportunity 
to carry them to Sea in the Night. 

I reprefented how unprovided I was^ both for 
Sails^ Provijions^ and Water ^ 'which was the only 
Keafon that brought me there : S'hat they all knew 
very well^ I had not recruited in the leaft with any 
thing fince I came there : Be fides y they were Four 
firongy lufty Men^ and I hut one^ and weak^ and 
balffamtjhed ^ and that the Boy could be reckoned 
as no'body. 

They told me, ^hat I had a Spring Guarda 
( /. e. a Musket) and with it, could kill Twenty or 
thirty ofthem^ and therefore they were fur e^ if they 
refiftedj to be killed ; but would rather perijh bere^ 
than be compelled by Force to go with me ^ and^ that 
that was the Keafon which made Nicholau Verd 
jump over^bcard frsm me into the Sea^ and make bis . 
Efcape to them^ becaufe he knew^ that as long as I 
bad the Spring Guarra, / could, make him^ and a 
Hundred more y if they fhould oppofe me ^ die^ or fub^ 
mit to what I required of them. 

I told them. If that was what they were afraid 
ofy I would bring it up^ and put it into their Hands j 
for their SatisfaSiion and Security^ and thereby give 
them an Occafionto fee^ that I was not at all c^aid 
tQ v^turp my J^ife into tbfir Power ^ and that volun^ 

C »7* ] 

tarily^ witb&ut any Compuljton^ motpe than the Dtfire 
to fatisfy tbem. 

Hereupon, I went down into the C^bbin and 
brought it up, and it being loaden, I fired it ofl^ 
which a little furprized them ^ but I told them^ 
it was only to clear it, fb that it fliould not harm 

They took it, and feemed to be better latisfied, 
and concluded, all Four of them, to ftay on Board 
all Night, which they did ; during which, it xxm-^- 
tinued to blow a taut Gale, with hard Squalls off 
the Land, but nothing fb hard as thoie which we 
had the preceding Day. 

We pafled the Night as well as we could, and 
diey would have had me gone to fleep ^ but I 
could not all the Night, though, to pleaie them, 
I went and lay down, but had too many Thoughts 
to let me reft. 

In the Morning it looked as it did the Day be- 
^e, and, I thought, more fiery and red ; and 
the Blacks told me, It would blow very hard as 
ibon as the Sun was rifen up above the Mountains, 
and, they believed, harder than it did the Day 

I told them. That I hoped their Fears which 
they had of me the Evening before, were over, 
^na that ther^ore, they would affift me to weigh 
the Anchor, to cut the Cable v^ere I Ihewed 
them, the Day before, it was ftranded, in order 
to iecure the Sloop. 

They faid. They woulft not meddle with it 
yet, ^till fome more Men came down, which they 
did exped. 

I faid, I believed no-body would come down, 
*till fome of them went up to Town. 

They laid, Yes there would, for they were fore 
ibme of them would come down on the Rocks to 

iee yrhe^isr the Sloop was gone ot no, and as 


C '7} ] 

(bon as they iaw any cf them^ they would caU 
to them^ and they were fure thev would venture 
to come Qn Board, when they had fpoke to them ; 
fo t was forced to be eaiy, and wait their L.ei-< 

About Nine or Ten o' Clock, it began agaiil tto 
blow much harder, if it was poflible, than it did 
the Day befere, and we were all as wet, as if we 
had been thrown into the Sea, with the Spray, or 
what elfe you pleafe to call it, which the Sea 
hove up into the Air like a Water-Spout ; infi)- 
ttiuch, that fbmetimes we could not fee the Land, 
though it was fo nigh and fb high. 

We &w feveral People on the Rocks, but it 
blew & hard, that they could not hear us, and 
ibmetimes could not fee us, when the Spray was 
whirled up by the fierce Guils encountering one 

About Twelve or one o' Qock in the Dav, 
which was the 29 th of November^ 1722, the 
Anchor-Gible parted with a G>unter-flaw on the 
Land, and drove us on a Point of broken Rocks, 
which lay in the Bay. We did all we could 
to heave in upon the Cable that was £a& on the 
South-Eaft Point of the Bay, to clear the Sloop 
of that Point of broken Rocks, ovec which the 
Sea broke very much ; but all in vain, for the 
fierce Guft blowing right on, carried us upon 
them, maugre all the Art and Diligence we could 
ufe to the contrary, and fticking there, the Sea 
ftruck fb forcibly, that it fbon made Way for the 
Water to come in through her Bottom, and, in a 
very ihort Time, the Water was aknoft as high 
witnin, as without, and the Sea being raifed like 
a Water-Spout, with the Violence of the Winds 
encountering one another, fomething like the 
Whirlwinds raifing the light Sands on the Dc- 
{arts of Africa^ inlomucb, that >vc coi4d not fee 

.C '74] 

the high Lands over us, only the Shore tinder- 
neath, and the Violence of the Sea and Weather^ 
ftruck fb upon the Sloop, that I expefted, at every 
Stroke, the Maft would have jumped out, ana 
could hardly tell which way to ftand, to be clear 
of the Fall of it. 

This frightful Situation: made all the Blacks 
get afhore, and leave the Boy and I alone ; but 
as the Sloop did not heave nor fbrike fb much when 
the Bottom was broke and opened, fb that the 
Sea had a free Paflage in and out, as it did before, 
and the Boy crying and making a pitiful Lamen- 
tation, and the Violence of the Flaw of Wind 
beifig a little abated^ Two of them came off, their 
Fright being a little over, and one of them took 
the Bov and carried him aftiore : The other asked 
me, it I would go, which 1 confenting to, he 
advifed me to tarry 'till he went afhore and got 
fbme more of them to help him, becaufe, the 
funken Rocks were fb very (harp, and, in fbme 
Places, the Water fb (hallow, that one of the 
Blacks was very much cut by them, as he was 
getting alhore ^ but if I had any Cloaths to fend 
aihore, he faid, he would carry them with him 
now, and then would come with fbme of his Con- 
Ibrts to help me off. 

Upon this, I gave him what Things I could 
find fwimming about the Cabbin, and he went 
down and fifhed all the old Cloaths and Rags he 
could find, and went afhore with them, and af- 
terwards came off with Two more, to carry me 
likewife thither. 

I would have taken the Crofs-Jeck-Yard, which 
lay lathed to the Side upon Deck, to have fwam 
upon, and they to guide it ; but thev faid. That 
would be the Way to lofe my Life and theirs 
too, becaufe of the fliallow Water over the funken 
Rocks i adding, That if the Sea-Breaks fhould 


C »75 ] 

drive us againft another Rock, it would, pro- 
bablyi beat them all to Pieces, and wafh me off 
the Yard ; but when they had only me to take 
care of, they ihould do much better. 

I propofed Ibmething to help buoy me up, for 
fear I fhould be too heavy for them, as 1 could 
not Iwim at all; but they laid. They did not 
doubt 4n the leaft, to convey me fafe, with the 
Help of St. Anthonio^ who, they were lure, would 
aflift them, becaufe they had iaid a Tadre nos be- 
fore they came off. 

Upon my telling them, I trufted in God and 
Chrift to help me. They laid. So did they ^ but at 
they had de fired St. Anthonio, it was the fame as 
if they had asked God^ or Chrift ^ he being Goffi 
Friendj who would not therefore deny him any thing ; 
and they always chofe to ask him^ or any of we 
Saints^ becaufe^ as they^were formerly Men^ they 
had a thorough Senfe of their IVants^ and were al-^ 
ways compaffionatej and ready to help them. 

So Tw:o of them getting into the Water, 
the other ftaid to eafe me down to them, and 
calling upon St. Anthonio to help them, and 
bidding me call upon nw Saint to help me, after 
they had fettled themlelves in the Water, they 
bid me come in, which I did, and one took me 
under one Arm, and the other under the other, 
bidding me lie ftill in the Water, and to be 
fure to keep my Feet together, that theV might 
not impede theirs in their fwimming, while the 
Third, leaning over the Sloop's Gunnel, held me 
by the Head till they^ fixed and fettled them- 
felves, and then they launched off, bidding me 
not to fear, but truft in St. Anthonio^ which was 
all one as to truft in Chrift : To which I made no 
Anlwer, it not being a Time to argue, but com- 
mended myfelf to the Almighty, who alone is 
able to deliver out of Dangers. 

4. KS0Q>N». 

[ '7<5:] 

About Midway, they Iwam with me over i 
fliaUow Rock, which 1 touched with my Feet, 
and juft as we got over it, a Sea came up with 
us, and breaking upon us, one of the Blacks dived 
down with me under Water, and then let me go, 
which frightened me pretty much ; but the other 
held me laft, and brought me up again, and the 
Third Black, who iwam clofe after us, as foon 
as he faw that I was quitted by one of them, 
darted up along-fide of me like a Fifh, and iiip* 
plied the Place of him who had fbrfbok me, and, 
through the AfHftance of a merciful God, we got 
iafe to Shore. 

He that had flipped me In the Water, feeing 
the other had taken hold of me, fwam back ag^n 
to the Sloop, to fee if there was any Thing to be 
got, worth &ving for me; and took down the 
Lrookine-Glafs, which w%s fix'd up in the After- 
part ot the Gibbin, and found three Stockings, 
and a Fair of old Shoes ; all which he brought 
afhore with him ; and bdfore he had well readied 
it, the Stern, with the After-part of the Deck, 
parted, and drove away 3 and preiently after 
came two terrible Gu&s off the high Lands, tum- 
bling down through Gullies in the Rocks, as 
though they would over-turn the Rocks and Moun- 
tains, and encountering one another on the Sur- 
fece of the Sea, rais'd die Water to a great 
Height i and the Counter-Guft overcoming the 
other, brought down upon us fiich a heavy 
Shower, like a Deluge, that we could not tell 
where to get out of the Way of it, and, indeed, 
I began to fear we fliould perifli^ notwithftanding 
we were got fafe to the Land ; for where we were 
come afliore, there was no Faflage for me to get 
up, hardly high enough to keep clear of die Wa- 
ter, when it was full Sea. 



'i7'7 1 

ttik Squdll being over, and the Air cleared a little 
(after tHfe Water raifed up was fellen) the Figur^ 
t)f the Sloop was gone, het, Stern, and a Piece of 
the iOeck, driving away ; the Off-fide of her was 
broke from the Bottoiti, and the Maft was dowii, 
which, however, the Rigging kept faft to the 
Inner-fide, which, as yet, was not parted from 
the Bottom. 

The Natives who were on the Top of the Rocks^ 
iaw the Sloop come on the Ledge of the Rocks, 
iand likewiie beheld us take to the Water, but 
tould not fee whether we got afhore or not; 
whereupon they made all the Hafte down that 
they could, to fee what was become of us ^ and 
about Two Hours, or more, after we got afliore. 
Came to us to the Number of Five or Six, and 
were very glad ^ve \(rere all got lafe to the Shore, 
and feemed to take Abundance of Notice of the 
Boy, feeirig him ib young ahd little, and pitied 
him vefy much. 

The Blacks ^Vho had been with me in thd 
Sl6op, asked the others. Why they had not 
brought them dowil fomething to eat? 

They told them. That as fobn as they law the 
Sea wafli over the Sloops and us take to thd 
Water, they made the beft of their Way down to 
aflift, if there was Occafion, to get the Captain of 
the Slck)f>i arid his Child, afliore, becaufe they 
knew that white People were not fb hardy, nor 
tifed to the Water like the Blacks ^ and that there 
Ivere a great Inany People coming (that could 
not clamber down the Rock5 fb well as they) who, 
they believed, had Ibmethiilg with them to eat. 

Accordingly, in about Half an Hour, came 
another Parcel of them down, and curfed the Way^ 
fi^ymg. They would not have ventured to come 
down, if they- had known it had been fb bad ; 
tad fbon after, came another Parcel, who brought 

C '78 ] 

With them Ibme Fompioiis, and fame Milk in ^ 
Caiabafh, and asked. Whether we could not make 
a Fire ? they (aid, Th^ had nothing to llrike a 
Fire with, neither had mey any Fewd to make it 
with y one (aid, He had Steel, Tinder, and Cot->* 
ton, and ibme of the others asked me. If the 
Wood of the Wreck would not bum ? 1 told them 
yes, very well^ at which, an elderly Man bid 
tome of the young Men fwim offy and bring fbme 
of the iinalleft and lighted: Pieces of Boards which 
were fwinmiing about in the Water, which they 
did, the Weadber being ibmething abated, and 
the Sun beginning to ihine ^ notwithftanding 
which, I fhook with G)ld, as alio did my wet 

But when the Wood was brought alhore, we 
had no convenient Flace to kindle a Fire there, 
Ac Beach being wet ^ and though the Water, by 
this Time, was low, yet, ibme of them laic^ 
when the Sea filled again, it would overflow all 
the Beach up to the l^odks ; others (aid not : 
However they hunted about, and at laft found a 
Place in the Rock, that was about Sixteen or 
Eighteen Foot above the Flowing of the Sea, 
and about Seven or Eight Foot broad, with the 
Rock over-hanging: There they concluded to 
make the Fire, and laid, That we that were 
cold and wet, would have Room enough to fit 
down and warm ourfelves, and for the reft, they 
might do well enough without 5 and asked. Whe- 
ther we could not boil fbme Fon^ion, to have 
Ibmething hot to warm us within ? 

I toki them, there were Tv/o Pots in the Sloop, 
but I belic%^ed they could not be got now the 
Sloc^ was broke, though they were left on the 
reck, which was whole, and feftened to that 
Part of the Sloop that ftuck on the Rock 3 but 


C *75» 1 

that it Vim probable the Sea had wafhed ttieiH 
off, and that they were funk to the Bottom. 

They faid. That fignified nothing y and that as 
loon as it was moderate Weather, which, they 
hoped, would be towards the Eyeriing, fome o( 
riie youn^ Men ibould fwim off and get them, if* 
the Sea had not carried them too &r, or dbrove 
them under the ttoUow of the Rocks, be^ 
yond their Difcovery. Nor did they fear, they 
laid, getting them, or any thing clfe that would 
link, and not drive away too &r. 

They then made me and the Boy drink fom6 
of the Milk they had brought in the Calabafli ^ 
and feeing my Feather-bed fwimming about on the 
Sea, Two of them fwam off^ and laved it, at^d 
laid it upon the Rock to dry. 

After this, Ibme of the Blacks went in queft oi 
Wood to make a Fire with, and Ibme Grdls, iSci 
to fleep on ; wMle others ftaid with us below all 
Night, which we pafled as well as we could, it 
proving moderate Weather, clear, and Starlight. 

The next Day alio proved fine Weather, and 
the Sun rifing clear and pleafant, and itgrowing 
warm, Ibme of my Companions ^am offto feefc 
for what they could find, the Bottom of the 
Wreck ftill lying on the Ledge of Rocks, and the 
Maft, and tome of the Rigging being entangled 

They brought Ibme fmall Pieces of finall Ropes 
tdhore, and all the Bits and Pieces of Boards oii 
"Which they found any Paint, efteeming them the 
ticheft Shiff of all, and told me, there were the 
Sails fall to the Maft, and asked me. Whether 
tiiey Ihould lave them ? I told them, Iftheycould^ 
I (hould be vciy glad, and bid them lave that, 
or any thing elie that could be laved ^ at which 
they l^^'am off again, a Dozen or Fourteen of 
tiXiUAp and diientangled the Maft, SaiU^ ^td 

N a ^BJif^^^ 

[ .80] 

Ropes, from the Wrect^ caftifl^ off^ or cntdnj 
ivith their Knives, M^here it was fw:, and broi^h 
the Maft, Boom, and Boltfprit, all entangles 
and faft together, to the Shore, and we halec 
them as far on as we could ^ and what Rope 
we could get, ifre laid up as fecure as pofGble ii 
the Clefts and Hollows of the Rocks. The Main 
Sail was alfb waihed to Lint, in a manner, ther 
not being a Piece to be found of it good for an] 
thing ; and the Fore-lail was not in much bette 
Condition ; for being fo rotten, the Sea had waflia 
them almoft away, excepting a few gocd-for 
nothing Jags which hung to the Bolt Rope 
The Jibb . was pretty much torn, but being ; 
found, as well as ifarong Sail, there was a prett 
deal of that fit to ferve for feveral U&Sy a 
indeed it afterwards did. 

The Blacks laid. If we could any way faflei 
and fecure the Maft, Boom, Boltfprit, Qc. ti 
they could have a calm Day, they could to 
them up to the Harbour called the Ovens^ and 
might be, they might be ferviceable to me o 
Way or another. 

I told them, they would, and if any Ship h 
pened to put in there, that fhould want tnen 
could fell them for fomething, which (houlc 
for their Benefit, to help make them Amend 
this their Kindnefs to me, and the great Trc 
they had been at to ferve me. 

They faid, They were glad they had 
of Service to me, and thought it their D 
ferve any Stranger that was in Diftrefs, ^-as 
notwithftanding they were of different C 
and by us, diey believed, accounted i 
Creatures : Yet diey thought we were all 
Species, and thev were all Men, as we we 
they allowed themfelves to be much 
to ui in every thing. 

i told diem. As £>r that, I did not fee any 
Difference, only in the Colour, which I did not 
know whether it was in their Nature, or whether 
it might be occaiioned by the excefEve Heat of 
the Sun, and could not tell but that if a white 
Man and Woman were to come and live with 
them, and go naked, and be expofed to the 
icorching Sun as they were, in Three or Four 
Generations, they might be changed to their/ 

They fiid. No ^ for they had heard, that not- ^ 
withftanding their Skin might lofe its Whiteneis, 
and change to a reddifh or brown Colour, yet 
their Hair would always liold its Nature, and not 
be iirifled like theirs, which they took to be an 
infallible Sign to know a Stranger, let his 
Colour be what it would, ^ from one of them. 
They faid moreover, That there was a Curfe 
laid on them^ that they (hould always be Subjeds 
and Servants to theAVhites. 

I told them, I had heard fbmething of it (being 
willing to continue them in their Efteem of us.) 

They faid, They were convinced that I knew i 
it, and believed, there was no White but knew 
that the Blacks were by God deftined to be their 
Servants, which was plainly manifefl: by the 
white Men coming, as they have been told, 
every Year to Guinea^ and carrying away a great 
many Thouiands to be their Slaves ; and if thev 
had not been by the Whites ( /. e. Portuguefe j 
brought away from Guinea^ and, as it were, privi- 
leged, or rather a Freedom indulged to them, 
as well by the Brancas who brought them firft 
hither, as alfb by all other Strangers, to whole 
Power they lie open, they might carry them away, 
and make Slaves of them, as well as thofe of their 
firft native Country, whenever they pleafed^ 

N 3 tvn 

[ ,8* ] 

They Ikid, They did not know whether it were 
a Favour vokintarihr given to dicm by all Na- 
tions, or procured for them by the Brancas^ who 
firft placed them there ; but in Gratitude, they 
thought themfelves obligated to do all the Good 
they could to Strangers, and to affift them in what- 
feever they were able, and in a more efpecial 
Manner Engli/hmen, who were always accounted 
the beft Friends to the Portuguefe^ and one of 
whofe Kings, they had been told, had married 
]the King of Portugal's Daughter. This I con- 
firmed to them ; and they pro^efled abundance 
of Love, Value, and Refped to EngUjhnten^ 
whom, they &id, they efteemed as much as lAitf 
did the Porfuguefe : Which pleaied me veiy 
well, hoping to have friendly Neighbours of 

They continued, one or other of them, fwimr 
mg about the Wreck all Day, bringing Pieces of 
Boards, elpecially thofe that had any Paint oh 
them ; and filled all the Clefts of the Rocks adja- 
cent, with Pieces of Wood, Boards, ^c. and 
ifeund both the Iron Pots, and brought them 
afliore ; alfo an Iron Crow, a Pair of Stilliards, 
the Gun that the Pirates had given me, though 
the Stock was broke, alfb a finall Cooper's Adz^ 
which I had found one Day alhore on the Beach 
at Barhacjloes^ and feveral other Things ^ all which 
they put up in the Clefts, ^c. of the Rocks, 
high enough out of the Reach of the Sea. 

They all feemed overjoyed that the Pots were 
fcund, and faid. That now I might dreis my 
Viduals my own 'Way (as though I coidd drei^ 
it a Jot the more my Wif in the Iron Pot, 
fhan I could in one of their Earthen Pots) • 
They found ieveral othflr Things, as the Cook's 
Tormenters, a Pair of Bra£ Compafles^ and a Pair 
flf :Elr^& Dividers, 4 Tin JLcttle ^d Sawcepan^^ 

C '8} ] 

a Chiflel, a caulking Iron, and feveral otlier 
trifling Things. 

Tl]us Manner of their findii^ them was thus ^ 
Several Places about the Wreck, to and from the 
Water, were fo (halk)w, that they could ftand up- 
on the Tops of the iunken Rocks widi the Wa- 
ter up to &eir Breafts, their Navels, and in fbme 
, iPlaces not So high, and the Sea being pretty 
fmooth, as it always is here in fine Weather (this 
little Bay of PuBta de Sal^ lying on the Lee-fide of 
the Ifland) they could look all round about them 
on the Bottom, which they could fee very plain, 
in four, five, or fix Fathom Water, d5>ecially 
where the Bottom is Stony or Rocky, and I my 
felf have feai little Shells, c^^r, from a Rock down 
to the Bottom, in fix, feven, and even in ten, 
or twelve Fathom Water : And 'tis a commcHi * 
Pradice with the Blacks, for their Diverfion, when 
they have done fifhing, to ftand on the Rocks and 
heave Stones into the Water, and for others to 
dive and bring them up, at which Exercife they 
are very expert, and account it no Piece of Dexteri- 
ty to dive to the Bottom in four or five Fathom^ 
and when there, to fearch and creep along for a 
Minute, or better. 

We put on one of the Pots with fome Pompion, 
and fome of thofe who went in the Morning to 
Fifc, came back about Noon with a good Mels, 
which we boiled with the Pompion, and made a 
hearty Meal. 

The Place of the Bay where we came afliore, 
was the worft Place that we could poflibly land at; 
for they were forced to Iwim from thence to the 
Fifhing-places, and alfo for Watery though at low 
Water, a Man might have made fhift to crawl 
along the Rocks to where the Water was, which 
came out of a Rock ftilling down into a hollow 
Flace like a Ciftem ^ but that way was fo troublc- 

N 4 feiMi^ 

[ '84 ] 

fbme, as v/ell as dangeroui, by Rcafon of the 
Rocks and Stones tumbling very frequently down 
from the Mountains overhead ^ that they chofe 
rather to Iwim always for the Water, thaji . to go 
that way for it. « ' J 

Aboy t one or two o Clock, the Governor fent 
a Man down to me, to tell me he was very fbny 
for my Misfortune, and gave his' Service to m^ 
and defired, that when I came up to Town, 1 
would make ufe of his Hpufe as my own, and th^t 
I fhould not want for any Thing which their poor 
Ifland afforded \yhile I reniaiped on it: and withal, 
fent me down Ibme Pompion and three or four Po-' 
tatoes ^ declaring. That his lUnejG had prevented 
his coming down to me-, and hoped I would not 
take it amifi; and alio, diat he had fent feme Men 
out that Morning to hunt for feme wild Goats ; 
but they were not returned, the Meflenger faid, 
when he came from Home ^ but if they came 
time enough, he would fend me fome that Night ^ 
if not, I ihould have fbme Venifpn on the Mor- 
row, without fail. 

i tol^ him, I was obliged to the Sigmr Gover-^, 
nadoxy and thanked him ; and a little while after, 
came a Black from the Prieft, with the fame Com- 
pliment from him ; but brought nothing to eat as 
the Governor's Black did, and told me, that his; 
Mafter defired to know. Whether I had faved any 
Flower, andif I had, he requeftec^ me to fend him 
fome by him , and that if I had faved any Aqua 
Ardenta alfb, his Mafter wpvild be no lefs glad of 
it, though he had not bid him ask for any. 

I told him, we had very little of either on 
Board , but our Diflrefs was lb great, that if there 
had been never fb great a Quantity, we fhould 
not have been able to fave any, when the Sloop 
run on that Ledge of Rqcks ; Addingj That all 
we had been able to fave from the Wreck, was 


the Pieces of Board, ^e. which he fiw about U3, 
•and thofe Iron Pots. 

Hefeid, his Mafter wa^ more able to dome 
Service, than even the Governor himfelf ^ and he 
believed, if I prefented him one of thofe Pots, 
it would be very acceptable ; ^nd that it would 
be nothing in Comparifbn to the • Benefit he was 
capable of doing me in Return. 

I told him. That I was fbrry I had nothing to 
oblige his Mafter with^^ wor^y his Acceptance s but; 
ihould be proud he would receive £rom ine any 
Thing that had been left me by my hard For- 

About four in the Afternoon^ he and the Go- 
vernor's Black went away 5 I bid them preien( 
my humble Service to their Mafters, hoping I 
fliould have the Happinels of always continuing 
in their Favour and Efteem, and it ftiould be my 
conftant Study and Endeavour to deferve it. 

They (aid, I need not doubt it ^ for their Ma-» 
fters profefsM abundance of Concern for my Mif^ 
fortune, as well a§ a great Affection for my Per- 
ion, though unknown to then^ by Sight 5 and they 
' both had heard their Mafters fey, that I fhould 
want for nothing that the Iflaiid afibrded, whil^ I 
rejnained on it ^ fo away they went. 

Son\e time after, among other Blacks that came^^ 
down, came one called, Domingo Gunff^s^^ .who 
was Son to Aiitqnio Gumms^ who ha4 ^ripcrly 
been Governor o{ the Iflanc^ ; who, tog^tJ^r TOth 
his Brother, brought down fome Pompions,' Ba- 
nana's, a Pappai, and a Cake of Bread, made 
of Banana*s and Maiz, which was the firft Bre^d 
I had eat or feen, fince I came among theni : 
Domingo told me, that his Father fent me f he 
Pompion and Fruit, and his Mother the Cake, and 
if Ilik'd it, Ihe would make me fomeippre, ^d 
iend me 5 and likewife df^ed to kno\^ If 1 Iov'4 


[ >8<5 ] 

Milk ; and if I did, I fliould have fome fent 

I thanked them very kindly, and told them, 
that Milk was what I often ufea to eat in my own 
Country 3 and tafting the Bread, at his Defire, 
told him I lik'd it very well s and he Odd, he was 
glad of it, and aflured me, that I ihould have 

I thanked him, and told them, I gave them all 
abundance of Trouble, and had received many 
Favours from them, but was not in a Capacity of 
making any luitable Returns, otherways, than by 
a grateful Acknowledgment of their Kindnelfles at 
prefent ^ and a Refolution, that if ever God Al- 
mighty (hould be pleafed to make me able here- 
after, I would make them, as &r as in me lay^ a 
grateful Satis^dUon. 

They faid. They did not defirc any Thing in 
Return, but to continue in my good Efteem, and 
to let my Country-men know, how kindly I had 
been uied among them y and that no other Re- 
tutn Would be required by them, or any of the 
Iflanders, unlefi tne Prieft, who they heard was 
always very craving, as well from Strangers, as 
al^ frdm the Natives 5 and therefore, he thought 
it was convenient to give me this Caution, for 
fear he might be begging any Thing of me ac- 
cording to his ufual Wont. 

I told him, I had nothing in the World left me 
here, that would be worth any Body's asking, or 
my giving. 

He faid, that if I had never & much, he was 
lure no Body would defire any Thing from me, 
but would rather give me, if they had any Thing 
that would be o? Service to me, and that the 
utmc^ of what they defused, was, as he had txAd 
me be&re, to be Noted^and to be had in Efteem 
by Strtaag^s ; and weiCTfcrry that their Mand af- 

C '87 ] 

lorded nothing worth the Stranger's while to come 
;and traffick for. 

I told them. That I believed, when it pleafed 
God, that I retum'd to my Country, and gave 
tfiem an Account bf their Civility to Strangers, t 
did not doubt, but (bme of our Shipping would 
coftie and vifit them. 

He iaid. If their Ifland had any Produdion 
that wai worth their while to come and traffick 
for, it might be fo i but that, as far as he could 
learn, by what hfe heard from his Father and other 
old Men, wjio could remember the coming of fe- 
Veral Strangers to it, mdSt of whpm were of that 
Nation which had robbed me, Q'viz. Pirates^ for 
they thought it was a particular Nation fo called^ 
who, though they ufed me fo hardly, he faid, wei^e 
very civil to- them, making large Requitals fer 
every little Favour they were able to Ihew them ; 
and who would often t?ll them, that their Ifland 
was very poor, and that they lived exceeding mife- 
rable, in Compa?rifon of what the white Men did, 
in their own Country ^ and that their not having 
any Produftion that was good for any Thing, 
wa$ die Reafon fo few Ships came to vifit them. 

I told him. It was very true, that our Ships lel- 
dom or never came there, becaufe it was not 
known to us, that they had any Commodities 
worth trafficking for ^ but that, perhaps, their 
Ifland might yield valuable Commodities, but the^ 
and we both, might be ignorant of them, or what 
might be produceid in them by Art. 

I then inltanced how ignorant the Portuguefe 
were of the rich Produftions of Gutnea^ at their 
firft Difcovcry of that Coalt, and how little the 
InhabitDits thereof regarded thofe rich Commt>- 
dities, which it almoft every where affi>rded, by 
reafon they knew not the Value of them, norths 
piajiifold Ufcs to which they contributed, both for 

C ■«« ] 

Pleafure and Profit to Mankind ; and that in thofe 
Times, the Blacks fet a very inconfiderabie Value 
0n Gold, and Ambergreafe, and lefi on Teeth, 
Wax, ^c. and that they were intirely ignorant ot 
any other Ufe for their Woods, which now were 
a confidcrable Part of the Trade, but for Firing. 

All the Time that was I was taltwig thus, I ob- 
ierved, that one Man of the Company, iiftcn'd, 
with more than ordinary Attention, to our Di& 
courie ^ and ey'd me coB^^tly, whofe Com- 
plexion was very difierent from any of thpfe % 
had yet feep ; for all the reft were black, and had 
.G>al-black fiizled Hair, unlefs changM by Age to 
Grey, like the Blacks on the Coaft of the main 
Omtinent q£ Guinea^ but he was of a ruddy, copper, 
or tawny G>lour, ibmething refembling the Moors 
or Arabs on the Southermoft Parts of Barbary^ 
and had ftrait, tho" fhort Hair, and of a light 
brown Colour. 

This Man, a^ fbon as I had finifli'd my Talk, 
to my exceeding Surprize, as well as Joy, an- 
i>^'er*d me in the Englijb Tongue, That what I 
had faid was very true, and that there were many 
rich Commodities, to his Knowledge, produced in 
the Nothermoft Part of Guinea^ which as well the 
Englijb as the Natives were utterly ignorant of ; 
they of their \i€t and Value,^ and we of their being 

Eroduced in that Part ; and therefore, what might 
e as plentifiil and as eafy got, and perhaps coft lefs 
there, is fought for in other more diftant Places, 
with greater Difficulty, Danger, and Charge, as 
he experimently knew, having been an Inhabitant 
in thofe Parts fome confiderable Time, occafion'd 
by Misfortunes, as I might now be here ; by 
which Means he had an Opportunity to obfervc 
the Commodities produced in the inland l^laces of 
^t P^ pf the Continent. 

C «89 ] 

Upon : my asking him. What Country-man he 
was ? he told me. He was a Weljhman bom, and 
had been Mafter of feveral Ships out of Briftol: 
That he had been taken by Bartholomew Ro- 
berts^ as he was going to the IVefi-^Indies^ and 
by him was detained, and brought on the Coaft 
of Guinea^ from whom he there made his Efcape, 
and having formerly traded to thofe Parts, as 
well as to moft Parts of Guinea^ he was acquaint- 
ed with almofl all the Coaft along : That it was 
at Scirra Leon that he had made his Efcape, 
from Captain Roberts the Pirate, and got to a 
Black King up the River, whom he formerly in 
his Trading had been acquainted with, who en- 
tertained him very courteoufly, and promifed him 
his Prote^on and Afliftance, againft all that 
Ihould oppofe or offer to moleft him : 
* That altho' Roberts ulcd all his Endeavours to 
get him agdn, thro' the Intereft of thofe Blacks 
whom he had won by his Prefents, by whom 
he had offered to the faid King feveral Prefents, 
of confiderable Value, as the faid Black King 
told him, yet the King, would not except any, 
but fent Roberts Word by the faid Blacks, that 
he was not of fb bafe a Principle, as to be- 
tray any difbefled Perfbn who had fled to him 
for Succour, efpecialiy to fiich cruel Enemies 
to all manner of honeft Trade and Traffick, as 
he underftood they were ^ and withal, gave him 
to underfland, that he neither (tood in want of • 
his Money, Cloaths, Arms, or Ammunition, 
having enough of every Sort, and a thoufand 
ftout Men, that underftood how to ufe Arms, 
as well as his Men did, for all they were black ^ 
and who were always ready to receive him, if 
he dar*d prefume to come within his Territories, 
to ofler the leaft Incivility s and that if a thou- 
fand would not be fufficient to make him fenfi- 

zr. 12- Z;- 



. — ' 












1* * 

1^ r?;: 

•A- *. r 

• ■ . • ■ » • • 

• but 

C '9' 3 

but withal told him. That if he thought diC 
EngUjb Governor would do him any harm, he 
would by no Means deliver him up 5 but bid 
him confider and advife him what Aniwer to 
iend, alluring him, diat let his Cafe be how it 
would, he was refblved to prote& him, but 
withal thought it beft, if he was guilty of any 
Adfcion which would render him obnoxious to 
Danger, to acquaint him with it, that he might 
take the beft Meaiiires, both to fecure him 
from any harm, and to give the Governor as 
little Dii&tisfadUon as might be/ 
^ That he told the King, that he never had 
been guilty of any ill Adtion that might make 
him liable to Punifhment ; but, perhaps, the 
Governor might fuppofe he had been one of 
Captain Koberts^s Company, and left behind by 
chance, and therefore might think he deferved 
to be puniihed as fiich y but he could afTure him 
he was not, but was forced and kept a Frifbner 
on board of them, till he made his Eicape ^ but 
yet told the King^ he did not care to be put 
into the Hands or the Englijh Fai9:ory, being a 
Stranger to Governor Plunket^ as well as to the 
reft of tlie Gentlemen of the Fadtonr, who per- 
haps might conceit him to be one of the Pirates 
Company, and disbelieve what he iaid, and 
therefore, though undeservedly, punifh him, as 
though he had been actually or willingly a Pi- 
rate i for which Reafon, if his Majefty pleafed, 
he would rather fiill continue to be under his 
Prote&ion, till fome Ship came .thither to trade, 
the Captain or Company of which mi^t know 
his Charader or Family, of which he was very 
certain fow Ships that came icaoi England to 
thefe Parts to trade, but what the Commanders, 
or fome Bodv belonging to them, muft be ac- 
quainted with him. 

* 1*hat the King upon this gave him his Wfitci, 
and fwore by his Darting Gdd, he Ihould not^ 
be delivered into the Power of any Body, 
' but by his own choice ^ and accordingly fent 
Word Co Govemof Plunket^ ^dt the IVhite^ un^ 
der bis ProtedioUy was not d/ tb^ Pirates Cdm- 
pany^ hut by Compulfion^ baling been taken hy 
Force^ and detained a Prtfoner^ and efcaped from 
tbentj wben tbey arrived tbere^ and in ordeif to 
avoid being taken by tbtm again^ bad tbrbwn 
bimfelf upon bis Pfoteflion^ not being acquainted 
tbat tbere was an Engliih FaStory tbere^ wbicb 
if be bad kn6wn^ without Doubt^ be would bave 
appl/d to for ProteHion : ^bat upon tbefe Con^ 
fiderations^ be could do no lefs tban fuccour and 
defend bim^ as a Stranger in Diftrefs • wbicb be 
bad tbe father done, as he was one of the Go* 
pernors Countrymen^ between whom and him there 
bad always been a good Underftanding^ 
' That the King alio acquainted the Goverttor, 
that be CFranklin) had a Mind to continue uoitb 
biin^ to inform bimfelf of tbe Cuftom and tirade of 
bis Country: fhat he approved his Deportment 
and Converfation, and therefore gave him Leaw 
to do fo '^ but tbat^ if be thought fit to go to the 
Governor^ or tbe Governor would fend to bis 
Jownj to inform bimfelf fartbet concerning bim^ 
they were equally at Liberty to do fo -^ difclaiming 
all thoughts of keeping Franklin againft bislVillj 
or in Breach of the Friendfhip wbicb had always 
fubfifted between bimfelf and tbe Engliih Fa* 

' That hereupon Governor Plunket fent up ai 
white Servant of his, with two Blacks, to inquire 
into the Matter, and to know Franklin^ s Name ; 
which as loon as they had been informed of, 
they returned. The Governor taking him for one 
o£ thsit Name who was a notorious Pirate, he 

C »93 ] 

fent Word again to the King, ^hat be was ce¥^ 
tainty one of the Pirates^ and not what be repre^ 
fented bimfelf to be^ and therefore defired tbat the 
King would deliver bim into bis Hands ; by wbicb 
Means be would not only manifeft bimfelf to he a 
Friend to tbe wbole Englifli Nation^ but to tbe 
bmefi traders of all Nations. 
' That hereupon the King fent for him again, 
and acquainted him with die Meflage, and told 
him, that he was very unwilling to give the£»g;- 
lijb FaAory o( Sierra Leon any Diftafte, but was 
ftill firm in his Reiblution, not to put him into 
their ^ands, if he thought it would be any 
ways prejudicial to him, or if it was contrary to 
his Inclination ; and, therefore, defired him to 
order it fb, that the Englijh might not be dif^ 
obliged on one Hand, nor his Safety endangered 
oh the other/ 

Franklin then continued to tell us, ^ That hav- 
ing acknowledged the King s Goodnefi to him, 
he defir'd to be lent farther into the G>untry, 
to fbme neighbouring King of his Acquain- 
tance, out of Governor Plunkefs Knowledge, 
and qwtifequendy out of his Reach or Influence/ 
Upon which I interrupted him, and faid, I do 
not fee wbat Danger or Hazard you could he in^ 
by being in Governor Plunket'j Hands ^ hut ratber 
I/houla tbink it would have been tbe heft Method 
you could have taken ; for they would not have hurt 
you^ if your Cafe bad been as you fay. 

He replyM, ^ It was very true ^ neither was 
he afraid that they could do him any harm, but 
that there was one of his Name, who had been 
a Pirate, and a very noted one too ^ and asked 
me. If I never had feen the Name of Charles 
Franklin^ notified in the London Gazette ?' I 
told him, I could not then call to Mind that I 
tad. He faid, ' It was poffible I might forget 

I »94 ] 

to have feen it ^ but he had read it feverai 
Times, and his Name being the fame, he did 
not care to run himfelf into the Danger of a 
long Confinement, and to be obliged to take his 
Txyal as a Criminal, being deicended of an 
ancient and worlhit)ful Family, none of whom 
were ever tainted with the leaft Imputation of 
Guilt either to their King or Country ; tho* 
it was morally impeflible but he ihould be ac- 
quitted of Pyracy, upon a fair Tryal : Befides, 
he faid, he had another Reafon to induce him 
to be fent up the Country, which was a Curiofi- 
tf natural to his Temp«*, to fearch and difco- 
ver unknown Places i and being fenfible that 
this Coaft of Africa in general abounded with 
Gold, beyond any Continent in the World, 
and having alio learnt from his Converfation 
with the Natives, that the Parts far within 
Land abounded with Gold, and from whence 
what of that Metal they had, proceeded, 
it made him defiroiB to fee inta it, now 
that fb plaufible an Occafion offered, which, 
perhaps, no European ever had before : And 
this Enquiry, he ^id, was the more pteaifing to 
him, becaufe having ferved an Apprenticefhip 
in Briftol^ to the Goldfmith's Trade, and 
wrought at it in feveral Places, he had attained 
to a tolerable Knowledge of the Nature of Me- 
tals and Minerals, and had endeavoured as 
much as he could, to inform himfelf in fbme 
of the greatefl Myfteries of fufii^ as well as 
feparating Metals from Minerals, as well as one 
Metal from another ^ and that in his trading oil 
the Coaft of Guiney^ he had made the niceft 
Experiments on the mineral Earths, Stones, 
Sands, ^c. and had coUeded, with the greateft 
Exadtnefs he was capable of, the Value and 
Quantity of MetsUi contamed in them, which 

i: '?5 1 

* Experiments and Obfervations he had takeri 

* down Memorandums in Writing of. ' 

I told him, I hoped to have a 6rther.and bet- 
ter Opportunity to renew our Difcourfe on this 
Subject ; but wifii'd at prefent he would give me 
ibme Account of the Produftion of this Ifland^ 
and of the Temper of the Inhabitants ^ that I 
tnightj fmce it was my Lot to be caft among them, 
io coir^rt myifelf, as to win their Favour, and 
avoid any Otcafion of dilgufting them. He £aidj 
It was the greateft Happineis he coutd hdve hoped 
(dv to have a G>untryman to convetfe with , and 
would very readity comply with that,^ and every 
bdier Requeft I mould make him, vjrhich he was 
able to fatisfy. * As for this Ifland, he feid, 1 
might eafily, at firft Sight, difcover, that it was 
exceeding barren, being nothing but one conti* 
nud.R6ck, as it were, and only here and there 
in the Glfefts and Vaffies, cover'd over with a 
thin Cruft of Earth, which produced nothing 
that would be thought fit Aliment for the hu- 
man Species by an European^ "who had never 
been ufed to thefe barren rocky Mountains : 
That, however. Bananas grew pretty well in 
Ibme of the Valliesj but were nothing near fb 
large as on the Continent : That in fevcral Places 
at the Foot of the Mountains, where there is 
any Earth, Pompions and Potatoes grow pretty 
well 5 that they had likewife a large Quantity of 
FeflioonSj and wild Figs, which were generally 
eaten by the Natives for Food ; as alio a pretty 
many Papains ^ and that thbfe who would take 
the Pains to plant it, had Maiz enough; hut 
that tiie Natives were generally fb flothful and 
lazy, that in a great meafure it was the Caufe 
of theit Poverty: That there was Store 
of Vety good Fiih iibout the Illand ; and that 
there had beeil confiderable Numbers of good 

O 4 ^ ^^^^ 


C '90 . 

^ wild Goats ; but f hat moft of them had been 

* deftroy'd : That fome of the Inhabitants had 
^ Cows, Horfes, Aflfes, and Hogs, of which laft 

* Sort they had the moft Plenty 5 but feldom made 

* ufe of any of them, except at their publicfc: 
^ Feafts/ 

•I ask'd him, How they caught their Filh ? He 
told me, ^ That fbme of them had Filh-hooks 
left yet, which they had got when Ships had 
been there, and others had preferved Nails, 
Pieces of Iron, Wire, and the like, which they 
were very eager to procure at all Opportunities, 
and very chary of when procured : That there 
was an old Man on the Ifland, a Native of St. 
Philip J who had a Hammer and three or four 
Files, who macfe Charcoal out of the Wood of 
the wild Fig-Tree, by Help of which, he made 
Ihift to bungle up a Hook out of an old Nail, 
for doing of whjch, he had another Nail ^ and 
the Party for whom he made the Hook, was 
always obliged, as often as he got a Mefs of 
Fifli, to ma^e him a Prefent of fome ; fo that, 
laid he, the old Farrier^ as they call him, fel- 
dom wants Fifli, and often fiipplies his Neigh- 
bours with fome, when they ftand in Need 
thereof' . He added, ' That the Fifli about this 
Ifland were fo voracious, that a bended Nail 
would take them ^ fo that there was no fear of 
catching Fifli enough.' 
I faid, I was glad there was no Apprehenfion 
of ftarving ; and that I could fave fo many Nails 
out of the Pieces of the Wreck which the Blacks 
brought afliore, that I fliould not grudge to give 
the old Farrier three or four of them for fixing 
me one, or for lending me his Hammer and Files 
to make them myfelf ; for I had made a great 
many Fifliing-Hooks in my Time with a File. 
He faifi, It would be an cafy Matter for me to 

\ exceed 

C »97 ] 

exceed the Black ; for he himfelf made all the 
Hooks that he fiihed with, and likewife for the 
Family that he lived among s and that every Body 
knew them from thofe made by the old Man, and 
preferred them to his : But, faid he, you will have 
no Occafion to go a Fifhing ; for I will engage, 
they will fiipply you with Fifli, or any Thing 
elfe which the Ifland aflbrds, without your feeking 
for it. 

He added. That they would have been equally 
civil to him ^ but that he chofe to fifli for himfel]^ 
to divert his melancholy Hours ; and that it was 
principally to this Divcrfion, and Hunting, that 
he ow d the Prefervation of his Life, or at leaft 
his Senles, in his great Misfortunes. But that, as 
for Hunting, I ihould find very little Pleafiire in 
it, and that it would be even impracticable for 
me, till my Feet were hardened, as his were, be- 
cai:d(e of the clambering up the broken and rotten 
Rocks, which were equally difficult and dange- 

I ask'd him. How long he had been on this 
Ifland? He faid. Something above three Years 5 
but he had been on the Ifland of St. Philip fome 
time before he came hither; and when I was 
diipofed to hear it, he would continue*the Rela- 
tion of his Misfortunes to the Time of his coming 
upon this Ifland. 

I faid, I fhould be very much obligM to him 
for the Favour of fuch a Relation ; and took No- 
tice, that the two Blacks who came down in Com- 
pany with him, feem'd, as I thought, by the ex- 
traordinary Attention which they paid to our Dif^ 
courfe, to underftand what we faid. He faid. 
No, they were ignorant of every Word we faid, 
excepting two, which he had taught them, to wit, 
/iy and No. 

O 3 W<yw- 

C '98 3 

However, turning to Domingo Gumms^ I a^'d 
him, How he did? and whether he underftood our 
Language ? He iaid. No 3 he wUh'd he did ^ and 
that he would give any Thii^ in his Power to be 
Mafter of it s but that he was glad we coiil4 lu^ 
derftand one another. 

Hereupon FrankUn told them. That I was his 
Countryman ; which feemM to iiirpriae Domimp^ 
who faid,^ he thought him to be a Gaulego^ (i. e.a 
U^elJI^man) and tlut I was an Efiglifhman. 

I told him. That the Place wbei^ Signior Ca- 
tolas (which they pronounce Singore^ and was thie 
Name that he went by among t^e Natives) y/m 
born, was a Part of England^ calW Gualego^ as the 
Bay we were then in was call'd th^e Bay of the Salt 
Poifit^ and yet ftill was a Part of the Mand of Sfc 

It ibon paft about among all the Blacks there 
preient, that Singore Carolos was an EngUjhman y 
and they all feverally a^M me. Whether it was fo 
or no ? it being their Manner always to trace aay 
Relation to the Soiu*ce or Fountain-head, before 
they wdll give Credit to it, and not take any Hear-* 
j&y Account, if they can get any other. 

I fatisfy'd their Curiofity ; and askM Franklm 
What Sort o£ a Way it was up to their Town ? 
He faid. It was fb bad, that I fhould never be 
able to get up it 3 and the more dangerous, be- 
paufc the Stones and Rocks were {o loofe and rot- 
ten, that a Man could not be fecur^, either in 
what he refted on with his Feet, or any Hold he 
could take with his Hands. 

I ask'd him, How fo many of them came down, 
if the Way was {o hazardous ? He {aid. It was 
hazardous enough for them 5 and he heard feve- 
ral of them complain of the Dangeroufnels of the 
Way, and fay. If they had known it had been fo 
perilous;, they would not have ventured to come 

C «99 ] 

down ; for, laid he, it is to be queftion'd, v/he- 
ther there be one Perlbn living on the Ifland, that 
ever has been down to this Place before now ; and 
it is probable, if it had not been on this Occa- 
fion, there might never any of them have come 
here, where we are now. It^s true, laid he, they 
often come down to that black Point that you 
came round before you anchored, to gather Salt 
for their neceffary Occafions, from whence, I be- 
lieve, it tock the Name pt the Salt Point ; but 
then the Rocks where they come down to that, 
are Ibund and firm, and though very fteep, yet 
not fo fteep, by a great deal, as the Way that 
comes down here. • 

I obje6ted. That I thought I was as able to get 
up, as leveral ancient Men that I law, and as lip 
himfelf, who was more corpulent thanl : But he 
laid. That yie was a great Matter in that Cale ; 
and he had been on mis Ifland, and St. Philips 
(which was as bad or wori^) nigh fix Years^ and 
yet, for all that, there were leveral of the Natives, 
v/ho were very ancient, as well as corpulent, and 
leemingly decrepid through Age, in Compari^ 
of him, yet could climb up Rocks without either 
Fear or Appreheiifioa of Danger, which he nei- 
ther could, nor darefl to attempt ^ and befides, he 
was forced, he laid, to Iwim near half a Mile, or 
he fhould not have been able to have come hither 

How muft I do then, laid I, if I can proceed 
no ferther, and yet at high Water have not here 
lb much Room to ftand, or walk upon, as half a 
Ship's Quarter-Deck ? I Ihall be worfe than a 
Peribn pent up in a Iblitary clofe Prilbn all his 

He laid. He would ask the Blacks ^ who were 
moft - of them ftanding round about us, liftning 
8S attentively to what we had been dilcouriing all 

O 4 ^6:«Sb, 

[ xoo ] 

tis Trrar, as Aaa^ tfaey had underftood every 
Word vc bad litd. He aocDrdingly ask'd them 
der O^iBaoEB, vfao cooSnn'd all he iaid as to the 
Ddkdbr- £j|icciailT, as dicy iaid, that they flip* 
poi'd I ccxSd not gp witfaout Shoes among fuch 
ftsKp-pcazQod r^S^ Rocfc% as I Ihould meet 
mth o the War. I told them. That was very 
tnar « bat I fiftpos'd, that when once a Man had 
cHefibod cp to the Top of the Roclcs, the Way 
«K i cnw ifij^g bcacr, and more level. 

TbcT fijd k vas ^ bat that it was a great Way 
to set c> the Top - aod ask'dm^ Whether I toc^ 
as nr as I cooU fie to be the Top. I told them, 
TcL Tlity &dj That which I iaw now, and 
took to be the Top of die Rocks, was not the 
Inodicddi Fart of that Hei^ diat I muft dimb to, 
befareloonld conie to the Top ; For, iaid one, for 
wpf Fcrt, I can hardly tdl whidi is the Top. An« 
edicr &d. The Middle of die Ifland is the Top ; 
fx dK Rjocks and Groimd rofe continually till 
coe came to the Middle of die Ifland. FrankJiu 
bempCQ proposed to them to give me a more in^ 
td^ible Acooont of the difficult Situation of th^ 
2&nd : Thss dii|:afted the Bbcks, who thought 
he p r gfrtwfcd to know die Country better than 
tbev ; aad ooe of them re&nted it accordingly, 
raisr^ his Vosce^ and contra&ing his Brow, and 
wookr^d he Ibcxiki pretend to give a better Ac* 
count rhin they could do, who were ufed to tra- 
^^ to iuch unjBrt^uented Paths on Account of 
Fdhtng, which he dared not zsxaopt to go in, 
were he to ftar\x fcr want of Food. He ex- 
cised himfelf very fubmiffivdy, profefEng he did 
not mean it £>, and that he could not pretend to 
know the liland near £> wefl as they s and that 
all he could mean was. That being able to dif* 
courle me in my own Language, he was the more 
eatable to make m<: underfbuqd what he S/aid : 


C lOl ] 

And he hoped they would, riot be offended, at 
the Liberty he took to difcourfe me in my own 

They feeing me a little lurpriz'd and concerned 
at their Refentment, foften'd their Tone, and 
told him. They were heartfly glad he could talk 
with and divert the Captain, and that diey would 
have him talk with me in that Language that 
pleafed him beft y but as I could very well talk 
their Language, they ihould rather we would, 
becaufe they Ihould then have the Advantage of 
hearing fome Things, which they never knew or 
heard of before ; but however, tliey defir'd I 
would pleafe myfelf, and they woidd difpenfe 
with their own Satisfadion, fer the Sake of add- 
ing to mine. 

I told them, I was mudh oblig'd to them 5 but 
finding Franklin was of my own Opinion, that 
he had half angerM them, which he fkid was 
owing to the Jealoufy they had, that be Ihould 
ftand better in my Graces than they ; I told him. 
We Ihould have, I doubted, but too many Op- 
portunities to difcourfe together, and {6 would 
forbear at prefent to &y any Thing more which 
mighf augment their Su4)icions. 

By this Time, Night approaching, fbmeof the 
Men thought it beft to go feek for a Place more 
convenient to take up their Abode, before it was 
too late : But Domingo and Franklin^ and two or 
three more, ftaid with me. Some of them, as 
they were going away, ask'd Franklin to go 
wim them y for that they Ihould fare much better 
than they could below, as hardly having there . 
Room to lie clear of the Sea, nor any Shelter 
from the Wind. Franklin feemM inclinable to 
go y but upon Domingo^ telling them. That he 
thought Singore Carolos had more good Manners 
in hiQi, as w^U as good Nature, than to leave 

[ 20i ] 

bis ComtfyvATi the firft Night y he told them. 
That he could not well leave the Captain to Night, 
and bid them that went, not to forget to go and 
catdi a Difli of Fife, and Iving it tx> me in the 
Morning for my Breakfeft. They {aid. That 
csiow of them would flay till die Monung to 
catch a DHh of Fifli. I thank'd them, axid askM 
them. How 6r up the Rocks they defigaM to go ? 
They told me. They ftiould not go very high 
dut Night s but they had a long Way to fwim 
from the Point, over rfie other Bay, (pointing 
towards the Weftward) to the Point call'd P^ 
carree Pickyeana^ and dien a little ways up. 

I told them, I thought it would be cold fwim^ 
ing now in diie Evenings Theyiaid, No Rrce^ 
(which is a very common Word with theie Peo- 
ple, as well as among the Portuguefe^ from whom 
prci^ably they leam'd it) and that after they had 
fwam crofi me Bay, they had then but a little 
Way to go, before they came at a Fuurna^ or Cave, 
large enough to Ihelter a hundred Perlbns or more 
from Rain or Wind ; and there was always Wood 
enough there, or thereabouts, which the People 
brought down with them, every Time diey came 
there to filh ; and that if it was not lat^ they 
could catch a Difh ft>r their Suppers, and would 
fend me fome too for mine. 

I thank'd them, and told them, I wifliM I was 

They. laid. They wifli'd lb too, and then they 
believ'd I could make fhift to get up to Town 5 
though even then I fliould find it troublefome 

I told them, I fhould not mind the Trouble, fb 
it was but poffible ; But, faid I, how muft I con^ 
trive to get there. 

' One faid, They would contrive, when the 
Weatlier was fine, to carry me over the Bay. 


rhndtber fadd, There was DoOocafioa for Tim^ 
Dtng that Rifqtifi, wben ^dne fiffi: fine Day, th^ 
poidd bdng dosm Aatonia iRn^mas Boat, ainA 
cany. me and all my Cloatbs, and odxer Goods^ 
i:^ to this Riurno^ icom whence I migiit eaiiJy get 
to Town, hccBsath the Govencior to be iinre would 
fend a Horfe for me to ride up ;u9M9ik. 

Another £ud, I «taeded not to &ar aliotie 9 
for :both the <k)imriu3r9»d^rienr!bad'^ 
Men down to me^ to invite trie «o take v^ mj 
Abode witii them, attfaoir Houies; 

Ay, but, faid another, d5)caking low, as if I 
wainot to hear htm, for mw Part, if I wasithe 
'Captain, I ihould rather cnufe rto lodge witli 
&^ore Antonia<iumms^ than xvith iMy one on- the 
Ifland, be having always a good Stock of eveiy 
Thing to eat, and more tplency than the tSo* 

Ay, but, &id another, thef^^ii^ Meat and 
Fifti oftner ti^n Ant&nia GummSj ^or aivy Body 
cMe on the Ifland. 

It's true, iaid another; but if nrheCaptainUbres 
with the Prieft, he will beg alibis Cioaths fpona 
him, and you all know what a^ covetous Man lie 
is; we cannot make any thing- of a hanckbine 
Cotton Cloth Gap, or have any thing eHe that is 
either. handfborie or delightful, but pfe&ntly he isi 
begging it from lis. Another laid. That Stt^n- 
gers were not reckon^ to be lb lubjed: to, or to 
fet^ much Value and Elteem on the Padre* s Qi. e. 
Pricfts) and e^ecially Englifi)^ as they did $ -hiaf 
even, if they were informed right, the PorPu^efi 
then^vcs: But that their Pricfts Power over 
diem inuft be imputed to their Ignorance : And 
indeed there was all the Realbn in the World it 
Ihould be & ; becaule what littJe Knowledge they 
had, they were obliged for it, they laid, to the 
f pfft, as having no other Means to obtain it, as 

' - ' \^ 

C i04 ] 

iie had no other l\ilean$ to obtain his, but by that 
Book which the Portuguefe inftrufted him in, and 
left with him, when they confecrated him a Prieft, 
and the Biihop blefled himi, with the full Frieftly 
Power and Authority to forgive and abfblve Sins ; 
But though Strangers had not that Power of for- 
giving Sins among themielves, faying the Clergy, 
yet they believed they flood in no need of any 
Information or Knowledge from them, and there- 
fore had no need of a Ptiefl: for Inflrudion, all 
the Ufe or Benefit which they had of him, being 
for Forgivenefs of their Sins. 

I told them. We never received Forgivenefs 
of our Sins from a Friefl, but always fought it of 
<5od alone, through Jefus Chrift: They fald. 
Except God or Chrifl perfbnally or fenfibly fpoke 
to me, and let me know that he had pardoned 
me, they did not ki^ow how I could be fatisfied 
that ever I had Abfblution or Remiflion of my 
Sins, and confequently, for want of that Know- 
ledge of being certain whether I was forgiven or 
not, I fhould never know of my being pardoned, 
and mufl certainly be always fiiU of Fears and 
Doubts, whether I was in a State to qualify me 
for Heaven or Hell s but for their Parts, they 
could not be unprepared of a Certainty of Quali- 
fication to go to Heaven ; unlefs, by their own 
N^Iigence, they did not repair to the Priefl for 
Abfolution of all their Sins. 

I told them. It was very well if they could 
purchafe a RemiiHon of their Sins at fo eafy a 
Rate, and in fo fatisfaftory a Manner ^ They faid. 
Yea, that they could, and the Prieft dared not 
deny abfblving any Man of his Sins, provided he 
confeiled them to him ; and it would be their own 
Fault, if they concealed their Sins, that they were 
not all pardoned. 

[ i05 1 

But, condnued they, We do not doubt, but 
when you come up to Town, that the Prieft and 
you will have abundance of Difcouiie about thdfe 
Matters, from whom you will have a better Ac* 
count than we can give you, elpecially if you can 
fpcBk Latin J as moft of you Strangers, ami more 
eipecially you that are Pilots, can. 

After diis O)nveriation, it beginning to grow 
late, thoie that left us, wiihed us a good Nig^t^ 
promifing to return in the Morning, and bring me 
fbme Filh tp eat, and fb departed : And we that 
fiayed behind, palled our Time in Difcourfes on 
my Condition and Circumftances ^ and having 
made a good Fire of the Pieces of the Wreck 
which they had brought on Shore, ibme of them 
lay down about it, or where they could beft, to 
take their Reft and Sleep. 

Domingo Gummsj and his Brother Bajilj with 
Franklin^ fat up with me by the Fire, and I took 
this Opportunity to tell them. That I fhould be 
glad to hear the Remainder of Signor Carolos^s 
Relation of his Adventures ; and that, as I fup- 
pofed they had all frequently heard the fame, and 
that therdfore it would be no Novel^ to them, I 
hoped they would not take it amifs, if I defired 
him to continue his Narrative in my own Tongue ; 
becaufe it would otherwife occaiion a deal of Cir- 
cumlocution, as I did not underftand feveral Words 
in their Language, and fhould be obliged to in- 
terrupt him often, for an Explanation of thenu 
• They reply'd. That they had, indeed, frequently 
heard him relate his Adventures ; but that never- 
thelefs, they were fb very extraordinary, that they 
fhould never be tired in hearing them ; But how- 
ever, fince it would contribute to my Satis&ftion, 
they would take Pleafure in attending to his Talk, 
though they fhould not be able to underfland 
him : And hereupon, turning to Franklin^ they 

a Kelation of yout Adventures^ or what elfe yo^ 
think fit y andy as. he defir^s^ in pur own Natvvd 

1 aid, Nb-y Ijbotdd make Jhift to uhderftand t'Bi 
mofty or at ledfty a great Pott ofity and what I did 
not underftandj rather than make an Interruption in 
the Story y IwotM mdit another Opportunity ^ or ft ay 
^tiltlhad a more perfift Idea and Underftandii^ in 
the Country hanffta^e. 

Mr. Franklin fairf, He believed he could exprefs 
himfetf in fueh Words^ as hott they and the Cap^ 
tain could underfrand tolerably will. 

They anfwered, Noj he would infinitely more 
oblige them to relate it to the Captain in his own 
luanguage 3 andtherefirre defired him to proceed^^ if I 
fo pleajed. 

I tolct them, A would not he good ItLmners for 
ns to divert our/elves in a Language which they 
imderftoed not^ and would he no lejs than an Affront 
to offer 3 and efpecially as I knew that it was purely 
out of KefpeSl to me^ though undeferved at their 
Hands^ that^they were thus deprived of their natn-^ 
ral Reft J as well as of the Diverfion which they 
might have at their own Homes ; and that it was 
the leaft that I could do^ to endeavour all that in 
me lay^ to be diverting to them^ although it were fo 
haulk my own Satisfailion. 

They feid, No^ they could divert themfelves very 
well J and* be fides ^ they pould take more Delight fo 
hear us talk in our own Language^ though they could 
not underftand a Syllable of it^ for the Novelty of ity 
hy far^ than it would be to hear it in their own; 
md defired him to continue his Story. 

Hereupon I defired Mr. Franklin^ if he pleafed^ 
before he proceeded, to fevotir me with an Accotmt 
of the Natiire and Dilpofitions of the Inhabitants. 
oS this Ifland, becaule at prefent it might be of 


[ 207 3 

m6re Concern and l]& to me to know, in order 
to r^ufate myfelf among diem, without giving 
them any Caulc of Ofence, and ingratiate myfiff 
in dieir Favour, by all Means poffible. As for 
thefearthef Defcripticw ofthelfland, or the Pro- 
dndions of it, I faid, we would refer that till ano- 
ther Opportunity, or till I could fetisfy myfelf 
ocularly, as not being of fo much Importance at 
prefent, as the other would, becaufe die Igno- 
rance of their Humours, Cuftoms, and Manners, 
tnight occafion me to difbblige them. 

He was very ready to comply with my De- 
fire, and faid. That the People were afl&ble and 
ftifendly, and very free of communicating any 
tiling riiey pofiefled, one to another 3 but in aff 
eipecial Maimer to a Stranger, as he could aflert, 
by his own lon^ Experience ; That they were nor 
inclinable to be fbon affronted- and were very 
merry and chearful in their Way ^ and if I could 
be p4es^^t and chcarfid among them, it would 
inhance their Efteem for me, and they would take 
much more Notice of me, than if I behaved my- 
felf after a dull and melancholy Manner, or afc 
.fecfted Solitarinefe. I faid. How can a Mzn in my 
Conditim be merry ? Surely^ if they were to fee me 
merry ^ or brisk^ they mufi needs think that I not 
only loft little or nothings but that alfoy I was got 
into a Country that exceeded mine by far ^ orelfe^ wat 
I muft be a Fool^ and incapable of a true Senfe of 
my Misfortunes, 

He told me. It was their little Senfe of what g, 
Misfortune was^ as having but very little more 
thought or Confederation that JVay^ than the Beafts 
of the Fields nor the leaft Notion^ unlefs in a wry 
dark and eonfufed Manner^ of any thing beyond the 
^Eoctenfion or Limits of their I/land ^ and for that 
Reafony continued he, they han^e fo little Notion of 
Msfortunes^ not b^n^ing any thing tbemfePves to lofe^ 

[ io8 3 

that all of them reckon your greatefi Msfortune to 
he the Lofs of your Cloatbsy and your prefent Corn 
fmment bercj in not being yet able to get up to their 
Svwn : For the refiy they look on it no otherways^ 
than as though one of them had fpent Jwo or S'bree 
Days at fijhing^ and had loft their Hooks and Time^ 
and caught nothing 5 for as to that Part of the Mif-- 
fortune^ of being abfent from your native Country^ 
though to them it would be the greateft Hardjbip in 
the Worlds yet they think it is nothing to us Stran- 
gers j as they call usj becaufe we are' fo ufed to 
it : Neither is it in mortal Power to convince them 
of the contrary : For all which Reafons (though I 
am very fenfible that you muft needs have a deep 
Sorrow for your prefent Misfortunes) as well as 
indeed for the Sake of your own Health j you muji 
endeavour^ as much as you cany to pe chearful 3 for 
I kmw^ by my own woful Experience ^ that nothing 
impairs the Health more than a fettled Grief 

I told him, Jt was very true, and I was not 
myfelf tnfenfible ofit^ as having experimented it be- 
fore this Time. 

After wc had diicourfed a little upon this Head, 
I defired him, if he pleafed, to finifh the Account 
of liis Adventures, as well while he was in 
Guinea^ as alfb what occurred till his Arrival on 
this Ifland. 

He faid he would, and hoped it would be a 
a Means to divert me, and help p^ds the Night 
away the better 5 and began, faying, 

' I need not relate to you over again, what I 
have already done, and therefore mall proceed 
where I left off The Notion that I had, that 
there was Gold within-Land, and that moft of 
the Mountains abounded with it throughout all 
that vaft Tra6t, more eQ)ecially between the 
Latitudes of Twelve or Thirteen fi-om the 
Northward and Southward, to the £quino(9kial 


Line, and perhaps as far Southerly as that Latild 
reaches, made me very Iblicitons to be fent up 
the Country by King ubome ; and what ftrength- 
en'd my Curiofity, was the Opportunity now 
oflerM, which would not leave them the leaft 
Room to fufpedt that it was defign'd upon the 
Account of making any Remarks Or InQ)e(^ioh, 
either into the Cbnftitutions, Polity, or Strength 
of the Inhabitants, or of the Nature, Pro- 
ductions, or Riches of the Country ; of both 
which, as far as ever I could learn, the Natives, 
efpecially thofe within Land, are very jealous, 
and by that Means are unacquainted either with 
Strangers, or their Manner of Trade ^ and by 
the other Blacks bordering on the Sea-Coaft, 
this Notion is kept up as much as poffible, per- 
haps to deter them from venturing down to the 
Sea-Coaft to vend their Commodities ; they 
prepofleflihg them with the Fear of being car- 
ry'd off by the Whites, and likewife of the great 
Subtlety, as well as Power, which the jB^^^^ • 
raus^ or Whites, are Mafters of 9 inlbmuch, 
that the moft Part of thofe inland Nations do 
fuppofe, that it's entirely owing to their Coun- 
try being yet undifcover'd by us, that they 
have hitherto remained fecure from being totally 
lubje<5l:ed to us • and that whenever we come 
to know the Riches and Value of the Coimtfy, 
and its exceeding Populoulhefs, we ftiall imme- 
diately feize upon the Country, and carry them 
into Slavery in Foreign Countries at our Plea- 
fure. They believe, that all the Whites think 
their inland Countries are nothing but wild and 
barren Delarts, frequented only with ravenous 
and voracious Bealls, of which they have a 
mighty Notion that we ftand very much in fear ^ 
;. and tell the inland Blacks, that this is the Rea- 
fon the Bac^Ufou^s do not venture far u^ xSsa 


•.^r.r^z'.r, I XT Tie I:ut.i.' inn I;:^r^ :r zx, 3-jT^i 

V-'.-; "A rr^^c* . z/jz r, -mirxi i zis£ zmsl^ r: re 
rl'/TiC to ;r, to mi^jrt ;t fit for r3C:r r.ic^orc : 
'l/i;it rh'y fcnd all their irjost vaiuabi* Thiisi 
/rcifn flicir oH Wcirld thither; the Labour of 
vfhii U 1.^ c arryM on by the Negro's which thej- 
yi ;»tiy f arry from (tuinea : That they want 
|M<HligifUM NiimlHTs of Slaves to work in that 
tuw WnrM, which they believe the Whites 
\\ ill i\\\ li'iuovr into a,s {iioix as it is got in order : 
\\\M ihiv new \V<mUI is au inconceiveable De- 
i\»»v Imu V ilun the old one ; but that it will be 
M\ i\\\<\\\\yv^ 1 .cngth of Time before it can be 
('.nvil <vM i!v /V'iiVfVifV to go into: That dur- 
x\y^ a\\ \\\m K'U;) I'imc^ all ttiofc Blacks which 
Aiv wMih t;«inc\1;uv«)Vi>(r thc CocA o{ Guhiea^ 
\y\\\\\ woik ;*nd iluc vcTV Iwtd, without any In- 
«,M-.ivvu^M s^x Koicmption^ luitil the new World 
:% *\v.r.pV;»«l\ (i(tc\l up in a very beautiful Man- 
xwv. M\s\ I he }U.\\;rrnus arc all fettled there ; 
Aw^l \\\A\ \\ hen ih;it i.< dvn\e, they will have no 
Uitluv ScrNux* iW the Blacky and will then 
u\\%\ ih<m home n> this World again, and never 
m*MV *\Miic to iliis old World, which the Black? 
\\:|1 be Ufi to inhabit, without e\^r beii^ mo- 
Idled by the VV hites more. This happv Timf 
' they earneftly wiih for, that they need not ftaui 
^ in Fear of being made Slaves. They beliew. 
' r/)at tiK B^csTAX^% troMble not their ijeads ar^ 

feithcf 5 than to cany them from Guinea to the 
new World ^ and that then thw leave all the 
Work of fitting it up to be done by the Negro's, 
whom they deliver over for that Purpofe to the 
Power of certain Fitteza^s^ (J. e. Demi- Gods) t 
who have the Charge of managing, ordering, 
and contriving to make it as pleafant and delight- 
ftd as is poffible : That thde Ftttezds fet the 
Negro's their Tasks, who are prodigioufly fum^* 
futntned (i. e. beat) by them, if they do not 
perform them well/ 

Franklin faid, ^ His being rcfident among them 
fo long, gave him an Opportunity of being ac- 
quainted with thefe Notions of the Inland Ne- 
gro's, which might perhaps be new to me, as 
well as to others, who had only touch'd on the 
Sea-Coafts 3 for which Reafbn, he faid, he had 
mentioned them to me, as a Novelty that might 
divert me.' He then proceeded to tell me^ 
That he advis'd King ubome^ in order to pre- 
vent any Jealoufy or Animolity between hicofelf 
and Governor Plun'kefy to lend him away to the 
King of his Acquaintance, and to imform the 
Governor, that that King came to vifit him, 
and finding a White who could fpeak fo much 
of their Language as to be underilood, he had 
prevailed upon him to permit him to go along 
with him, promifing him his Favour, and Li-?- 
berty to return whenever he pleased ^ and that 
to confirm the fame, he QFpanklin) would write 
a Letter to Governor Plunket^ to aflure him, 
that in a little Time he would return, and wait 
upon him. 

' This Advice, he laid, pleased the King, who 
orderM it to be given out, that he was gone 
with King Bembolu to his Town, to abide with 
him a Imall Time ; and that he wrote a Letter 
to Governor Plunket^ and the reft of the En^Ujb 

C i^* ] 

Fafiory at Sierra Leotfj (having brought no lefi 
than two Quire of Paper from the Pirates ; 
which he would rather have wanted Cloaths than 
been without) in which he declared. That hav- 
ing been taken by Roberts the Pirate on the 
American Seas, they not only deprived him of 
his Veflel, but forceably detainM him as a Pri- 
Ibner, and {o Ibridly watch'd him, that he ne- 
ver had an Opportunity to make his Efcape till 
he arrivM at Sierra Leon^ where he got a Deli- 
verance from them : That if he had fled for 
Refuge to them, they were too weak to defend 
him n'om Roberts, who was fb formidable a 
Pirate, that he could have deftroy'd their Set- 
tlement for giving him ProteAion ; which made 
it very happy for them, as well as himfelf, that 
he had put himfelf into the Power of the Negro 
Prince, inftead of that of the Fa6tory : That 
he was now going up in the Country with King 
Bcmbolu^ to refide with him a finall Time, and 
hoped he fliould have an Opportunity to make 
liich Difcoveries, as might be of Ufe to the 
whole Faftory, and to the Trade of the Englijh 
Nation in general ; and concluded, with wifb- 
ing him and the Fadory Health and SuccejG, £^r. 
' This Letter, continued he, I left with the 
King ; who, after he had confulted his Nobles, 
fent me to the afore^-nam'd King Bembolu^ at- 
tended by four of his Guards, with his Staff of 
State, which ferves as a Credential 3 and the 
Blacks that accompany'd me, were to latisfy 
him in all Things that were neceflary, and to 
tell him, that 1 was a potent Baccarau Prince, 
wlio was a great Friend to the Negro's, and had 
come thither to fettle Trade, after a more ami- 
cable Way than hitherto had been carry'd on 
between the Baccarau s and Blacks^ &c. That 
he was {Qven Days on his Journey to King 

t ' Bew6o(«'s 

Bemboliis Town, which, as riigh as he could 
compute, was a Journey of about ninety or 
a hundred Miles, to which he traveU'd on Foot, 
flopping by the Way at feveral of their Towns, 
where they were ufed very courteoufly by every 
Body that they met : That for the firft fbiv 
Days he obfcrv'd nothing of any G)nfequence 5 
but after that, perceived Gold among them in a 
very great abundance, but dared not make any 
Enquiry about it, or feem to take much Notice, 
as not very well underftanding the common 
Speech, nor being able to place any Confidence 
upon any one, in the fliort Time they 'flopped 
any where as they went : That as fbon as he 
had eaten or finoakM, unlefs he lay down to 
llecp, they were for going ; but if ne lay half 
the Day, and feign d himfelf afleep, they would 
let him lie undifturb'd : That he underftood 
afterwards, that thofe who attended him, had 
Orders to give him no Opportunity to make 
any Remarks or Obfervations of the Country, 
and more efpecially to carry him the Defart' 
Way as much as they could, and to fee that he 
did not write at any Time, for though the 
King had taken all his Paper from him, telling 
him. He would have no Occafion to ufe it till 
he came back, and that he would lay it up fafe 
for him till he return'd, for fear, as he under- 
ftood afterwards, that he ihonld take Notes of 
the Country, ^c, yet they had an Opinion, that 
he, as well as all the Whites, had a Fitteza^ 
(or GeniusJ who would bring him Paper, at 
his Call, or any Thing he wanted : That there- 
fore his Attendants were directed, if they faw 
him have any Paper, and offer to write upon 
it, to deliver him up inftantly to the King of 
Aucadingo^ who, it feems, was an Enemy to 
them, as well as to all IVbites. It was alfb 

P 3 "" ^VN^ti 

C *h] 

given them as a Gmtiofi, diat if he was honed 
and good, and had no Defign, they would per- 
ceive it by his not writing ; but if otherwife, 
be would call to his Fitteza^^ ytho would not 
&il to aflift him with Paper, or what die he 
fliould have oocaiion for : And that in this Cafe, 
they Ihoold noc ofler any Violence to him them- 
irhres, bat immediatdy deliver him up to the 
afbrdakl Kii^ of j^adingDj on whom alone 
dK Jrnrzjx m the Ba£caraus had no Power to 
act or hart. At ki^th, condnuM he, we ar- 
riv\i at King BcmAMs Town, or Court, call it ^ 
which TOO pleafe; and after the Blacks that 
c:t:cadhed me, had fhewn the Staff of Credit, 
and told thesr Errand, we were received with 
abondanoe of RcQ>ed and Honour ; and there 
was ga^n^ enough iqpon me, I being the firft 
££r.*tirjs that ever was remember'd to have been 
up at chat Town. 

^ I was miglmly made much of, faid he, both 
by King Be^dUy and his Nobles, who ftiew^d 
me every Ttung they thought might contribute 
ro my DiA"er6on. But having committed every 
I'hixi^ thit poii'ci of Converfetion, and what I 
oc tar\^d of Rarities, iSc. to Paper, I fhall not 
nke up your Time with repeating them now y 
rctming mjielf to what I have written, which 

''"' f,^^ ^i •*' ^^'^ 2rxff, // it he fo difficult as you alt 
rtpr^iut it to it\ 

He laid, ^l\iT J need not fear^ hut in a Day or 
tVL\\ if ^ve IjJ any J'bing of fine Weather^ hut 
thty "iccuki bring the Boat round here, and carry me 
trp to Fuumo, ^'bere I Jhould have a tolerable good 
Wki)\ Kchicb tbougb wry fteepj laid he, yet if s wry 
j^Jiuit^y MtVi for Horfes y although J queftion^ 

whether any Horfe in England would he able to get 
up from thence to Town^ and yet thafs the Fefi 
Read reckoned in all the Ifiand. And indeed £> 
it is. 

IVell^ well^ faid I, Ijhant much mind whether I 
have a Horfe or not^ fo I can but make fhift to 
fcramble up any how s / only wijh^ laid I, / was 
gone from this Place. 

I ask'd him. Whether the Inhabitants knew how 
to manage a Boat ? or^ IV ho it was that would order 
the Boat down ? 

He faidj fhat it, belong d to a Man calfd Anto 
nio Riverio^ buf he believd that the Governor 
would fee to get fome Hands to bring it down for 
me^ as foon as it was fine Weather, 

I told him, Jf he thought it would be any Thing 
difficulty or troublefomCj that I would rather venture 
to fwim crofs the Bay^ with the Maft or Boom^ 
guided by three or four of the Blacks^ than give 
them too much Trouble , or tarry the Uncertainty of 
their coming. 

He faid. It was very poffible I might ^o over the 
Bay very fafe^ in the Manner J propos d^ or even 
without Maft^ Boom^ or any Thing elfe to help me^ 
more than the Blacks alone ^ though the Bay were 
ten ^tmes as wide as it is : But^ continued he, you 
need not at all doubt of the Boat being brought down ^ 
for you as foon as the Weather permits -^ for I will 
go to Town myfelf to Morrow^ and will fpeak with 
the Governor^ and likewife with Antonio Riverio 
for the Boat ^ and if^ no Body elfe willy I am fure 
Don\ingo Gumms, and his Brother ^ will come with 
me '^ but I rather fear I fhall have more offer their 
Service to go in her^ than fhe will be able to carry y 
er I care to encumber myfelf with. 

I ask'd him. How big the Boat was ? and. Hew 
many it rjequired to bring her down. ? 

P 4 ^^ 

He laid. It was hut a little Bauble of a ^hing ; 
two Men could carry it 'very eafily^ wlgen it had Hen 
fome time ' out of the Water and dry ; hut that he 
had known fix^ feven^ or eight People in her at a 

Ay^ faid I, hecaufe they did not matter half a 
Farthings whether Jhe funk or fwam with them^ 
iecaufe they could always fave themfelves by fipim- 
tningj if at any ^ime they were put to it. 

He faid. It was true enough ; for they would 
hardly venture in her farther off the Shore^ than 
they were fure they could fave themfelves by fwim- 
ptingy if Occdfion fo reauird: Nay^ laid he, and 
I believe was it never fo good a Boat^ and never fo 
fargCy it would be the fame. 

What Sort of a Boat is fhe^ laid \} or did they 
piake her themfdves? Why^ laid he, when you 
fee her^ you will fay you never faw fuch a ^hing in 
your Life ^ but fbe does well enough to go a fij^fing 
with 5 and I have been with her myfelf^ and four 
tnore^ as far as the little Iflands^ which you jaw as 
you came along to this I/land. 

Why J faid I, fure they would not pretend to fwim 
from theltttle Iflands to this Ifland. 

He finiled, and laid, If it were not for fear of 
the voracious Fifh^ of which there is great Plenty 
about tbefe Iflands^ they would not fear fwimming a 
great Way farther ^ and Ipeaking to Domingo in 
the Ifland Language, he told him what we were 
talking of, and how I thought it impoffible for, a 
Man to fwim from the little Iflands (Guys) to 
the Ifland of St. John\ : At which Domingo 
laugh'd, and laid, nat if it was not for fear of 
the Fijh^ he could fwim to the Ifland of St. Philip. 

I told him, / thought it impoffible for him^ or 
finy Body elfe^ to fwim one Quarter fo far^ not-- 
withftanding I knew that all^ or mofi black People ^ 


C ^^7 ] 

pis^cm "very well ^ (it being eight large Englijb 

He. iaid, / was "very much miftaken^ it being ^ 
poffikle. for a Man^ provided the Cramp did not tahf 
bitn^ ia be in the Water fewrcil Days. 

I told him, / thought half a Day^ or tefsj would 
have been ^ime enough^ and more than enougby to 
fpend the Jirongeft Man in the IVbrld. 
He faid, / was much miftaken. 
Mr. Franklin told Domingo, STbat I was fome^ 
thing fearful of going in the Boat to Fuurno ^ who 
anf^/^'cr'd, ^hat if the Boat was to fill with Water 
affoop as ever we turnd the Salt Point, he would 
engage, with the Afjifiance of one more, whom he 
could pick out, to carry me fafe up to the Fuurno. 

I told him. It might befo^ but I would much ra-> 
tber be carry d round in the Boat, than put htm to 
the trouble, or myfelf in the Danger. 

He faid, As for the trouble, he Jhould think it 
pone ; and as to Danger, I run none ^ yet be would 
much rather that I went round in the Boat, becaufe, 
that in the overfetting or filling of the Boat with 
Water, I might chance to lofe fome of my things. 

I laid, Ay^ and your Boat too. No, faid he, 

we Jhould not lofe our Boat neither, except it was 

very bad Weather, and a Lee Current , for, faid he, 

7 am fure in fine Weather, I and three more could 

bring that Boat fafe into the Fuurno, // Jhe was to 

be filled with Water, and half Way over between here 

and 5APhillp'j: He added, T'to Franklin knew 

what be faid to be true , who was, he faid, tb£ 

knowingefi Man on the Jfland ^ nay, and did believe, 

there were not many white Pilots s that htew fo 

much of the Sea, or how to govern a Boat in the 

Sea, as be did ; and therefore, if Singore Carolos 

would go up with him to Morrow, be would go and 

,0sk Antonio Riverio for bis Boat, and get as many 

goQ^ Hands as Singore Carolos Jhottld t^ink [u^cir* 

Mtj if J eould difpenfe wHb Singore'i Ah fence fo 
long y or if noty be would go bimfelf^ and get the 
Boat down J and fo bring us botb up together y with 
sll my fbings. 

I thank'd him, and told him. If Singore Caro- 
Jos pleased to gin)e bimfelf the trouble to go, and 
eonte witb bim^ Ifhould not only be n)ery willing^ hut 
Jbould alfo take it as a *very ^eat Favour. 

Mr. Franklin faid. He would go up with Den 
fttit^o to bring down the Boat for the more Dit 
patch. After which we fell into other Talk, 
£>metimes about one Thing, and fbmetimes abput 
another, till at laft Domingo^ with his Brother, 
and all the reft of the Blacks fell afleep : After 
which, upcHi my Dcfire, Mr. Franklin rc-aflum'd 
his DUcourfe aoout his laft Adventures, and how 
he came to be placed on this remote liland. But 
as the Relation of them would too much break in 
upon my own Hiftory, and indeed require a Vo- 
lume of itfelf, I fhall at prefent pafs them by, 
and return to what more immediately relates to 

After our long Difcourfe, I began to grow 
fleepy, and laid me down on the Rock, by the 
Fire Side, in order to take a Nap, and Franklin 
did the fame, and {6 we fell faft afleep ^ Domingo 
in the mean time awaking, took Care of the Fire, 
and was {o kind, as to raife my Head fbftly, and, 
without waking me, laid it in his Lap, which 
might be one good Reafon of my not waking till 
the Morning. "^ 

About eight or nine a-Clock in the Forenoon, 
came down frcMn Town a Parcel of the Natives, 
to the Number of twelve or foiuteen, two ot 
whom were feit by the Governor, with a Side of 
wild Goat, a couple of Pompions, a Water-Me- 
lon, a little Calabaih of Milk, containing about 
fi Quarty and with his Service, promilcd me, that 

[ lip ] 

he would fend me more on the Morrow, or next 
Day, if I tarry'd fo long ; but hoped to have me 
up to Town in a Day or two. 

He underftood (they faid) what a difficult Place 
I was got alhore at, it being impoffible, as he was 
informed, for me to climb up the Rocks from 
where 1 was ; befides, if it were, he would by no 
Means have me, for fear I fhould tumble down 
and lofe my Life, the Rocks being, as he was in- 
formed, fo rotten, that I could not be certain or 
fecure, either by Foot or ELand-hold ; and was 
forry that I could not Iwim over the Bay, which 
if 1 could, I might then travel up to Town, which 
though it might feem to me a difficult Way, yet it 
would then be without any Danger ; but he would 
not have me be troubled at that, for he had bor- 
rowed a Boat, which was the only one they had 
on the Ifland fit to Iwim ; (for he had a Boat 
himfelf, but flie had lain, it feems, two Years on 
the dry Land, and was then in a Manner all to 
Pieces, neither did they know how to repair her ^ 
though afterwards I put them in the Way • but 
concerning this, he did not fend me any Account 
now, but I underftood it afterwards) but he fent ^ 
me Word alio, that the Owner would let the Boat 
come for me, on this Condition only, that Singore 
Carolos himfelf fhould go in the Boat ; for elfe he 
would not truft his Boat to the Management of 
the Blacks, for fear of lofing his Boat. And 
therefore (continued the Governor's Aian) Singore 
Go'vernador would have you, to get Singore Carolos 
to go up to Town to Night ; and if it fhould be 
fine Weather to Morrow, you may be brought up 
to the Fuumo. 

I told him, \ thank'd his Mafler, and would 
fpeak diredly to Simore Carolos about it, who was 
ftanding by all the Time, and heard all our Dif^ 
jCforie ; and prevpntii^ my aslqng hlm^^ '&\d^ 1 

C iio ] 

need not give myfelf the Trouble, for he wa^ 
refolv'd, as he had given me his Word laft Night, 
as did alio Singore Domingo Gumms^ to have gone 
up to Town, in order to nave borrowed the Boat 
of the Owner Antonio BJ'verio himfelf, and like- 
wife to have got fbme more Blacks to afHft 
tim and Singore Domingo^ to bring down the 
Boat from where flie was for me , but was glad 
the Governor had done it to his Hand, not io 
much upon the Account of faving him the Trou- 
ble, which, in refped: to whom it was for, (mean- 
ing me) it would not be any , yet, as it was the 
Governor's Aft, it would prevent any Heart-burn- 
ing or Jealoufy. Why, feid I, what Jealoufy or 
Heart-burning could it occafion to you, to endea- 
vour to get me out of this melancholy, difconfb- 
late, as well as dangerous Place, where a Man is 
not fecure one Moment from being daflied to 
Pieces, by the Rocks and Stones fb frequently 
tumbling down ? and furely, continued I in Eng" 
lijby th^ People mult be of a very dangerous, as 
well as barbarous Principle, to be angry or dif^ 
pleas'd with any Perfbn, for endeavouring to refcue 
one from the almoft hourly Danger of Death, as we 
all are threatened with, by the fb often tumbling 
down of the Stones from the Mountains. . 

This moftly happened early in the Mornings, and 
late in the Evenings, which gave me very good 
Ground to believe the Reafbn which the Blacks 
gave for it, as they faid by ocular i^emonftration, 
which was, that it was the wild Goats going to 
their Dens and Caves on the Edg^ of the Moun- 
tain, whofe Foot was at the Top of the Rock 
under which we were ; for tl^e Land rifes fome- 
thing like thofe Draughts, which are drawn to re- 
prefent the Pyramids of JEg^f>t^ the Foot of 
one Mountain being, as it were,-^^^ the Top of ano- 

^er, till you (iefcended to th? JSea 5 and thus thgr 


C 221 ] 

rife one above another, till you arrive at the Mid- 
dle of the I (land, which is the higheft • and 
which, though at a Diftance off at S&l it appear^ 
with a rounding Head, yet when you are on the 
Top of it, it then feems indifferent fiat, yet de- 
clining till you come to the Edges, which then 
goes down fteep, Ibmething like St. Paulas Cupu- 
Jo,rifmg as it were out of the Body of the Church, 
and at every Height of Pillars, and ends in a 
roundifh flat Head, iuppofing the Crofs, &c. not 
to be there. 

Domingo Gumms being alfb prefent when Mr, 
Franklin fpoke to me, and at all our Difcourf^ 
faid it was Time to be going to Townwards. 

To whom Mr. Franklin faid. It was Time 
enough after they had got their Dinner. Domingo 
(aid. There was nothing here but only Pompion 
and Water-Melon to eat, which they could get up 
at Town, except the Milk which the Governor 
had fent the Captain, which he thought would be 
a pity to rob him off. 

Mr. Franklin faid, He was fure that fbme of 
thofe that went to the Pifcaree Picuana^ would 
come and bring Ibme Fifli with them for my Din- 
ner, and he would ftay and eat Ibme Fifli and 
Pompion with me before he v/ent to Town. D^ 
mingo laid. He was afraid it would be too late to 
ftay their coming, and after that the boiling of 
the Fifli and Pompion. 

To which Mr. Franklin laid. Then he would 
not ftay the boiling of either ; but would cut 
Ibme Pompion and roaft, and if they brought the 
Fifli before it was enough, he would take a Fifli 
and broil it to eat with the Pompion, and if they 
did not, he would eat a Piece of^ Pompion, and 
then walk with him to Town ; And, faid he to 
J)omingOj What need you be in luch Hafte ? You 
kaow if we were to go away from hence, to get 

\fp to Porto de Cauwa by Day-IigHt, we can get 
well enough up to Town by Night, and 'twill be 
more plea&nt to walk then/ihan in the Day, when 
the Sun ihines {o hot. 

Domingo faid. As for their getting up, he did. 
not fear that, and for his own Part, he could get 
up better than moft of the Blacks on the Ifland^ 
and even in the Night, if Neccfflty required it 5 
but he was urgent to get up to Town before 
Night, to Ipeak with the Governor and Antonio 
BJveriOj that he might procure fuch Hands, as 
he thought proper, to launch the Boat in the 
Morning betore Day, in order, if the fair Wea- 
ther continued, to be back with me to the Fuumo^ 
before the Day Gale came on. 

To which Mr. Franklin laid, That as for their 
coming back to Fuurno on the Morrow, it would 
be impoflible, before the Day-Breeze let in ; and 
as they muft hale the Boat afliore where they 
could find a Place out of the Danger of the Sea's 
ftaving her at high Water, fo they muft wait all 
Night to take me, and my Things, in the next 
Morning at Day-break, otherways, they would 
not be able to row up to Fuurno before the Day 
Breeze let in, by reafon that the Rowl or Set of 
the Sea, even in a Calm, was always to Leeward ; 
and therefore, he would rather come down in the 
Afternoon, when the Day-Breeze blew ftrong 
down, becaufe the Wind would drive the Boat 
fefter than they could row in a Cahn. 

Domingo laid, He knew beft what could be 
done 5 but that the Boat being but finall, if I 
thought well of it, they that intended to go up 
that Night, would every one carry Ibme of my 
Things with them. 

I thanked them very kindly 5 but laid, I had 
nothing now left me, what with the Pirates, and 


C "3 3 

the Sea, that was worth their taking the Pains to 
carry witii fo much Jeopardy. 

Yes, faid he, you have ftill enough left you, 
to be the rlcheft Man upon our Ifland. 

At which I imiied, and fsiiy Then the Ifland 
is very poor. 

He laid. That he was fiire I had more Cloaths, 
than any Two on the Ifland, not excepting the 
Priefl: himfclf 

I faid, I nev^ had lefs in all my Life. 

He &id. That might be, and told m^ That 
if I, and Sifigore Carolos^ thought wcU or it, he 
would then alfb carry my little Boy with him up 
to Town. 

I told him, I did not think it proper nor £ife, 
and would rather the Boy went up with me when 
I went. 

He told me. As for the Safenefs, he would en* 
gage the Child fliould go as fafe as he did, and 
would take it upon himfelf to carry him up, and 
the Child fhould come t^o no Difauer, but what 
he fliould participate o^ and Singore Carolos fhould 
be the Judge. 

I told him. If he could get the Child up thofc 
Rocks, which they all along reprefented to me fb 
difficult to afcend, and who, in a manner, was 
helplefs, fiirely I might, with a little of their 
Affiftance, make fliift to get up. 

He told me. No, for the Rocks were fb fleep 
and difficult, as well as rotten and dangerous, 
that I fliould never be able to get up. 

Why, faid ly then how can the Child get up ? 
for I am fiire I can climb up much better than 

Why, fays he, I can carry him upon my Back, 
and that I cannot do you. 



[ ^H ] 

But, laid I^ I ihould think I could get up any 
Place that you could carry, fuch a big Boy as 

He laid. No, and if I would not believe him, 
he bid me ask Singore Carolos. 

To which Mr. Franklin made Anfwer, faying. 
It was true what Singore Domingo faid, for he 
could with Eafe and Security, he was well affured, 
climb up where neither himfelf, nor I, could, 
nor would care to venture. 

Truly, faid I, unlefs I was fufe of the Boys 
going fafe, I would not let him go by any mean^. 

He £aid, I need not fear, if Domingo took the 
Charge upon him, for then he was fore he would 
iboner fWfer a Difafter himlelf, than the Boy : 
Why, laid I, I do not lee any Advantage in 
lending the Boy up now, and, I think, he may 
as well go round in the Boat, when I go round ; 
for he could be but little Weight in the Boat. 

Franklin laid. That was true enough ; but ftill 
he thought, fmce they defired it, it would be 
better to let the Boy go up now ; and perhaps, 
my refufing might be taken as if I miftrufted 

I laid, I did not much fear but they would 
do as well as they could ^ but was not willing the 
poor Child (hould run any more Hazard, than I 
did mylelf. 

He faid, As to the Hazard, he was latisfied 
there could be none , for if Domingo was not fore 
of carrying him fafe up, he would never under- 
take it i who, to his Knowledge, was {6 fore-footed, 
that there was none on the Ifland could, or dared 
venture to go where he could ; nor could a wild 
Goat efcape from him, that he had a Mind to 
catch j and it was his Opinion, That I had beft 
^ lend the Boy up now. 

C "5 3 

Weil, faid I, in God's Name; t will venture^ 
fand if you find any Difficulty in getting the Boat 
for me, I will then fay to get up myfelf; 

He ^id, T heed not fear the Boat's coming foif 
me the fifft Opportunity of fine Weather; 

Said I, Dtm't you reckon this fine Weather that 
We have now ? 

Yes, faid he, and if it continues as it is now, 
you need not at all doubt, with God's Leave, the 
Boats being down fbme time To-morrow. 

I faid, I wifti'd and hopM it would, and thought 
it beft for them td go the iborier on the ^Account 
of the Bey, that they might be paft the mofl: 
dangerous Fart of the Way before it was dark. 
• Mr. Franklin laid. They had Time enough * 
hnt Dommxo laid^ It was better to go now, and 
then they mould have Day-light all the Way ; as 
Tikewife, that it would be ibmething tedious car- 
rying the Boy at his Back. 

By this Time, they beheld fome of the Blacks^ 
who wait from us the preceding Night, (accom- 
|)any'd-, as it prov'd, by th«i three Men 1 had 
broiight with ihe frdm St Nivholas) coming with 
fome Fifti 5 whereupon Franklin laid, he would 
broil and eat a Fifti before he went. 

Domingo laid. He would not ftay U^bn the Boy '^ 
Accouiit ^ and prefi'd me to let him carry him up 
then ; fo I yielded : And Mr. Franklin told Do^ , 
fningo^ That as they did not gd one Way, he be- 
ing forc'd td Iwim' Aver the Bisiy t>efore he could 
ialcend the Rocks^ and Domingo going with the 
Boy right up, he might be going on, ahd as loon 
as he had eateii his Fifti j he would folWw him j 
and confidering that he had the Boy to carry, hfc 
believ'd he (hould overtake hiih, and Which eveir 
of them firfi: arriv'd at the firft Curraal de Vaiica^ 
%Q Itdy there till the dthet came. 

<2L *^^ 

[ ii<5 ] 

To this Domingo confented ; and taking a G>t- 
ten Safli, he bound the Boy with it o^ his Back^ 
and four more Men accotnpan/d hinu and took 
ibme of my old Rags, and fbme of tne painted 
IJneing of my Cabbin, which was fitved as afore 
related, and away they went ^ and after Mr. Frank" 
litt had broilM and eaten one Fifh, he alfb depart- 
ed, with two or three Blacks who chqfe to go^ his 
Way, promifmg his utmoft Diligence to bring the 
Boat, or let me fee him, if any Accident hap- 
pen d to hinder his coming with it. The Pricft's 
and Governor's Men went alfo away to Town. * , 

I then tum'd myfelf to the three Men I had 
brought with me from St Nicholas ; and the firft 
Salutation I had firom them, was a Weeping and 
Howling after the Negro Manner, to teftify their 
Sorrow for my Misfortune, as alfo their RefpoS: 
to me I and made abundance of Frotefhtions on 
that Head ; for it feems the Inhabitants had very 
much blamed them for their leaving, and not 
afUfting me. 

I told diem. It was very well; and it being 
neither a feafonable Time or Place to upbraid 
them, I made as though they were not much 

One of them, whofe Name was Manuel^ told 
me. That fince it pleafed God that I had cibap'd 
widi my Life, notwithftanding their Bafenefi in fb 
leaving me, and not affifting me, which he was 
heartily alham'd of, and flioulA never forgive him- 
lelf for ; and having given over, all Hopes of ever 
feeing his Native Land, Wife, or Children, he 
therefore would dedicate his remaining Days to 
my Service ^ and that it was with that Intent he 
was comedown, and was refolv'd not to go up till 
I went, and defir'd that I would take him no other- 
ways than as my Servant, or Slave. 

1 I thanked 

C i»7 ] 

1 tfaatikM him, and told hiitt, Th^t I only de« 
fir^d to be efteem'd as a Friend by thern^ Md* hf 
ali the Natives of the Ifland. • ' 

To which all prefent anfwerM^ That I lieeid *oe 
doubt the Erieridflilp of the whole Ifland r&iid 
they believ'd me to be fb good and hbneft a i5'/)^. 
gotc^ that I could not fail of being belov*d by all 
People where-ever I came ; and Manuel dcfir'd me 
not to ufe any Compliment to him, but to take 
him as he had freely offered himfelf to me, and 
was reldlv^d to be no otherwife than my Slave as 
long as he liv*d. 

I thank'd him, but told him^ I was in ilo G>n-^ 
dition of providing for myielf, much lefs to have 
Servants to provide for. He told me. He did 
not offer him&lf with that View, but rather that 
he ihould work and provide for the ; aiid that it 
was his full Refblution^ not to leave the while he 
liv'd : For all which I thank'd him 5 aiid fo fell 
itito other Diicourfe, needleis here to relate^ till 
our Fiih and Pompion were boil'd, which was to- 
wards Sun-fet, whereof I made a hearty Meal^ 
every one forcing upon me three or ^ur times 
the Quantity of what each of thcihlelves had, 
and being ferv'd on a broken Piece of Calabafli, 
or, for want of that, on a clean flat Stone ga- 
thered off the Beach ^ and they were fb reip^- 
ftil, that not one of them would prefuxhe to eat 
with me, except Nicbolau Verd^ who once took 
that Liberty, ror which he was roundly check'd 
by all that were then prefent ; and though I often 
importunM them to let me eat with them, or 
fomc of the ancienteft of them, yet th^ never 
would accept of it 5 but modeflly reply*d. That 
black Men were made to ferve white Meii, and 
tliat: it was honour enough to wait on the Whites, 
without being their Companions, or Equals. 

[ "8 ] 

I muft confefi, it put me even to the Blufh to 
£be fuch Humility, as well as Hofpitality, amongft 
thoie imiocent and ignorant poor Creatures, when 
I confider'd how vaftly they exceed us in thofe 
Virtues, who pretend to {b much Learmng and 
Knowledge *: And in particular, their Veneration 
for Age is extremely laudable and worthy of Imi- 
tation : they paying a great Rj^ard to thdr El- 
ders of all Ranks. 

After eating, we pafi'd our Time away as well 
as out Circumftances would permit, being parti-^ 
cularly edify 'd by the Charity, Morality, and 
Kindnels of thofe Perfen^ whom, tho' we count 
Savages or Barbarians, &r exceed the Generality 
of us Chriftians^ to our Shame be it ^ken, th'o* 
we pret^d, and really have fb many greater Ad- 
vantages over them/ : 

I was very uneafy about the Boy, and longed 
to hear of his being fafe got up^ the Rocks ^ and 
die Momii^ proving fine Weather, as did alfb the 
Night pafi, gave us all Reaibn to expeft the Boat 
down ; but in vain. 

About Noon it began to blow freih, and fbme 
of the Blacks fwam over to the Salt Point to look 
out for the Boat, and took their fiihing Gecr with 
them, and came back in the Bvening with a good 
Mefs of Fifh. 

I do believe, that I did not more long, or wifh* 
for the Boat, than thefe kind-hearted Creatures^ 
did, but it was all in vain ; and what made us^ 
the more impatient, no body came down from 
Town to tell us the Reafbn. 

About duskifh two of the Blacks went up to 
know the Occafion of it 3 and we pafi'd the Night 
as wpU as we could. 

Next Day, about Noon, came down two Men 
from Town, who told us. That Singore Antonh 
Kiverio had lent the Boat^ and that Singore Carohs 


C lip 3 

had fent Bpmingo Gumms^ with Hands enough 
down, and promised himfelf to follow than : 
That Domingo went down accordingly, and lay 
all Night at the Boat, and not feeing Singore Ca^ 
rolos come, he launched the Boat into the Water, 
and waited till the Sun was up ; but no Singore 
Carolos coming, he lent a Man up to Town to 
know the Reaibn of it, who, upon Enquiry, 
found, that Singore Carolos went from Town about 
the firft Cock-crow, and that they thoi^ht he had 
been down at the Boat, or a good rart of his 
Journey towards where I was, before then 5 But, 
continu'd they, we have as bad News as all that 
to tell youj which is. That one of the two Men 
that left you laft Night, can't be heard of : He 
that w«it with him fays. That when they went 
in the Water, one faia to the other, Ij^p us fee 
which of us can fwim crofs the Bay fwiileft 5 and 
that having out-fwam his Confbrt a pretty Way, 
all of a fudden he could not hear him ; and that 
he tum'd, and cajl'd him feveral times, but re- 
ceiving no Anfwer at all, ne made the befl of his 
Way in a Fright to the other Side of the Bay, 
and fb got aftiore, and travelled in the Night up to 
Town ; and fays, That he does not know, whe- 
ther it was the Cramp took him, or whether it was 
a Fifli devoured him j but however, it fb terrify'd 
them, that never after any of them would ven- 
ture to fwim over that Bay. 

I exprefs'd my Concern hereat ; and ask*d him. 
Whether he had heard any Thing of the little 
Boy ? He faid,^ Yes, he was got fate up, and the 
Governor would fain have had him lived with him, 
but Singore Antonio Gumms would not let him, but 
kept him with himfelf, fayirig, he had npipft Right 
to do fb ; for that his Son Domingo had brought 
hi^fi up with great Hazard and Difficulty^ and 
\^6ped the Captain would not otAy \^% Vtoi cc>tcC\- 

C *3o] 

fiue with him, but aUb would himielf take up h!| 
Abode with him ; and had orderM DomingOy and 
all his Sons, as they tendered his future Favour^ 
not to negled their utmofl Diligence to get the 
sprain up, as ibon as poflible. 

I was very glad to hear the Boy was &fe, and 
^eartijy wifh'd myfelf with him. 

I heard nothing farther till the next Day in 
tbe Afternoon, when Domingo came down, and 
confirmed to me what the Man had told me the 
pay before j and that Singcre Carolos had ordered 
hini and the Men down, and promised to follow 
them that Night: That thereupon he launch'd 
the Boat in the Morning to be the more ready, 
and when to his Surprize he came not, he fent a 
Man up to Town to know the Reafon, who 
brought him Word, that he had fet out from the 
Xpwn about Cock-crow, and they thought he had 
been with us 5 and, continued he, we waited till 
lilmoft Night, and then haled the Boat up on the 
Land again, and {b went up to Town, where we 
had an Account, that Singore Carolos was taken fo 
bad on the Way, as he was coming down to us, 
that he was like to die ^ and that it was by meer 
Chance he was found, and was brought up to 
Town on an Ais, being fo weak, that two Men 
were forced to lupport him : He added. That the 
Townfinen were juft going, if he had not come 
up, to fend them Word to hale the Boat up, if 
he had launch'd her, and come to Town again, 
for that Antonio Riverio would not truft the Boa 
without Singore Carolos ; after which, laid he, m 
Father would have mc. come down to acquaij 

}rou, and defires that you would reft contented 
ittle, till it pleafe God Singore Carolos is bett 
which if he i^ not in a little Time, we will xns 
Ibifi, by ibme how pr other, to get you fir 
h^nctj ^c. And \vitha\, Ca^s Vvt^ toy ^sither g' 

r^j' ] 

his Service to you, and bid me tell you, that 
your little Boy is £ife with him, and hopes he 
fliall have the- Honour of entertaining you borfi, 
when you come up ^ and although he is not Go- 
vernor now, yet he might have continued fb as 
long as he pleas'd, and does not doubt, but he 
ihafi be able to entetxain you as well as any one 
upon the Ifland, Sc ^ 

I returned him Thanks for his unmerited Fa- 
vours J but was not a little troubled at my Difap- 
pointment of the Boat, and the more, by Reaibn 
of their Averfion and fear to fwim over the Bay, 
occafion'd by the late Difafter; by which my 
Hopes that Way were cut off: However, I pafi^d 
the following Night as well as I Could^ neither 
wanting Company, hor enough to eat ot the beft 
the Ifland afforded. 

Next Morning I told Domingo^ I had a grfea* 
Mind to try to get up the Rocks. He diflwaded 
me all he could, urging the ImpofHtnliiy, as weU 
as I>anger. I told him, I was fure' I could get 
up any where, where he was* able to get up with 
fuch a great Boy, as my Boy was that he cariy'd 
up. He laid, I cduld not, I told him, l( they 
would afEfl me, I would try, and perhaps I might 
do better than they imagined ; and if I found 
that I could not, which I fhould never be cdn- 
vinc'd of tin I try'd, then, faid I, I muft defift, 
and be contented as well as I can, till it pleafe 
God Ibme other Me^s offer. 

homingo faid. He was afraid I fhould get fb' 
high, that it might be very hazardous to get tm 
dpwn again ; and was pofitive I could not get' 
quite up, nor any one upon the Ifland with £1^ 
on. I told him, I would very readily ^uffwy 
Shoes ofi^ after I had gone a^'&r as TcoUld' ^ith 
■tHenit ■''•' " . ■ ' •"• *■ • ■•■ 

C ^^ 3 

Some of the Blanks preient &id[ to Doming)^ 
Jjtt us go and afHft him ; you fee how deiirous no 
Is, and perhaps his £ageme(s may enable him to 
do better than we think for. 

Domingo (aid, That I myfelf could not be more 
t^efirous lo get £ife up, than he wa$ ; but he |cnew 
tiie Impoffibility of it ; but howeyer, iaid he, tp 
pleaie the Captain, and to let him fee that no £n- 
fdfs^vour ihall be wanting, let i|s go fix or eight of 
us, and try what we can do. 

So away we went, and Domingo led the Way* 
|t wa$ |ow Water^ and we walk'd on the Beach, 
along by the Foot of the Rock, about three or 
four large Stones-cafl:, till we found one of the 
\x&i. Flace$ to mQunt at, tho' God knows bad 
fnough- Domingo fent a young Fellow up firft to 
try whether the Way was paflable 5 who fbon 
inQunted up out of Sight, and was gone a little 
above a Quarter of an Hour, and then returned 
f^ain, ana faid, he had been a good Way up, 
jihd that Place was better to go up at, than any 
pther they haifl yet found out. Domingo bid me 
(bty a little, and he would go up a little Way to 
view it, that I ^ght not be fore d to come back, 
perhaps after I had got up fbme Part pf the Way ^ 
for, faid he, we are often fbrc'4 to do fb ourfelves. 
]He accordingly went a little Way, and camei 
dp^ivn to me again, and fai4, it w^ mpch the bet- 
tet Way of ^y he Jiad fecn yet. The Rock was 
pretty fteep, but not right Perpendicular, about 
^ jHLeight of St. Pa^fs Cupola, or higher ; after 
which, it feem'd to overhang as:^i^ as the lower 
Hoped. in; but they told me, Thj^t; after I got up, 
th^^, there^was ^ good Path in ^xme Places ^ ^ 
1^.^ got, and. I found the Hold that we had 
vati» Q«r Feet wai^To little, that I was forced to 
pull off my Shoes, and they frpporting me bek>w,i 
ti^t my jPeet Ihoul^ not flip^ and them diat was 

C ^;3 3 

got above mc, when they attained to any Piacp 
jthat they could fecure themfehres, (which Acy 
could very well do, when they got a Place to fix 
cheir Feet upon two or three Inches broad) thjen 
they wQiild tieach down their long Stafis for me to 
take hold of, and hale me up, thodfe below fhoveing 
me up wkh their Hands ^ and when I was out of 
iheir Reach that Way, then they would Ihovc mc 
up with their long Staves, till I had attain'd ibme 
yiace to hold and fecure myfelf widi my Feet 
and Hands, . while they fhifted higher, and fix'd 
themielves to afHft my afeending another Degree. 

When I was about half Way up the firft Rod^ 
I began to fweat with Fear : I looked down but 
pnce after I had got any Thing high ; but I be- 
lieve, had . I not been jlupportol, I ihould have 
tumbled down : My very Sight dazled ^ nor is it 
poffible for any one to conceive how it is, except 
thoie who have been in the like Cafes, nor they 
nether ^ve the Idea & lively or ftriking after^ 

At laft we got up to the firft Refiing-Flace, 
whi|ch, as I told you before, was as high or higher 
than St. Paulas Cupola at London^ from the Bot-- 
tom of the Rock, and we had then a flat pretty 
even Path, which lookM like a Gallery , only want* 
ing Rails: We walked along that Path, which 
H^as abQut three Foot broad, for about half a 
quarter of a Mile, or more, fbmetimes defcend- 
ing, but moftly afcending ; and in fbme Places fb • 
narrow and dangerqiis, uiat they were obligM to 
pafs fbme of thaoi firft, and thai reath the End 
of theip Staves to me, while thofe behifid bounded 
fne to with dieir Staves till I got over. 

When we had wander^'d to the End of that 
Vein, as I may call it, the Rode was in a Manner 
Perpendicular, and we could hardly find a Place 
^hefeon to fix ones Toe, or To^s of otve& tvsw 

[ »34 1 

gcrs, which put a Stop to my Journey : They 
ftarch'd all about to find a Way paflable for me, 
tmt all in vain, and had like to have prov'd i&tal 
to fbme of them; for as they learchM, and 
ciimb'd, a great Piece of a rotten crumbly Rock 
tumbled down 9 and two of them, of wluch Da-* 
mingo was one, had the narroweft Efcape that ever 
I knew or heard of; which was thus. One of them 
was got up a pretty Heighth above the other 
two, on a Finacle or Piece of a Rock that ibood 
without the reft ; and one of them thruftiiig aiid 
{hiking at it with his Stafi^ to fee whedier it wds 
hollow, or would bear him, as is their ufual 
IteAice, there tumbled down a huge Piece of 
Rock that was right over thofe two, who, like 
two Rats, were clinging to the Rocks with their 
Feet and Hands : But as Providence would have 
it, it roul'd offwards, without doing them much 
Damage, lave the Fright, and a few Scratches, 
fKxafion'd^ as I &ppofe, by fbme of the fmall 
Stones that droptdown after the great Piece of 
the Rock was &llen ; but it rais'd fuch a Duft, 
that the Air, for as far as we could difcern, was 
all, as it were, in a thick Smoak, and it made 
fiich a terrible Noife, that I thought all the Rodcs 
over us were coming down upon us ^ and I verily 
believe, it was halt a quarter of an Hour before 
the tumbling Pieces of the Rocks reached die 
Bottom, for fb long or longer I heafd the Sound 
,of them billing ; for we were then got a prodigi- 
ous Height up, and, by our tinming and winding, 
quite out of Sight of the Sea, it b^ing along tro 
Edge of the Mountain, where the Gathering of 
the Waters is from the Inland in the Rains, and 
lb pafles down to the Sea, making deep Gullies 
where the Rock is foft, and where not, defcends 
ip great Fajls, 



[ »35 ] 

After ail vim quiet, and tlie 0uft laid, wQ 
Icnew not what to do, neither ieeing nor htearw 
ing any of the Three that were gone be&fre ua ttf 
dllcover the Way ; at laft, one of them dbat was 
with me, after recovering of bis Fright, iaid. 
That he believed Domingo Gums^ and the other 
Two djat were with him^ were killed ^ and that 
it was their being on that Rock, that made it 
tumble down : When prefently, we heard a 
Whooping and Hollowing, which we anfwered^ 
and as £)on as they had again defcended down 
that Precipice, which they had fb dai^erouil^ 
ikove to afcend, they came to \xsy who all this 
Time fat ftill, fqueezing ourielves as clo£b to the 
Rock as we could, fer tear any more ihould tum- 
ble down. When Domingo came to us, he was 
very much rejoic'd to fee us all well, thinking 
that we had been clofier after them, and that we 
had bcMcn lall'd by the Rocks that tumbled down ; 
and &d. He thought it was one of the greateft 
Dangers that ever he was in ; And, fays the Man 
that was a-top, that tumbled the Rock down, I 
thought that Domingo^ and all of you were kill'd ; 
and the Noife of it was fb great, that the very 
Rock trembled whereon I ftcx)d, and I expeded 
every Minute it woiild tumble down, and me 
with it ; but, iaid he to me, if you was a little 
higher than where you are, you might get ii^ 
more eafily than what you have already pais'd $ 
but that it was impoflible, as he thought, for ma 
to get to the Place wh^e he ftood when the 
Rocks fell ^ neither would he himfelf venture tn 
^o there again. :>!: 

Domingo faid, He would rather than any d&ig 
that I wasdown again ; and that I muft not pro^ 
tend to ftrive to go any higher. 

I told him. Except they could find a better 
Way than jhis we were nqw in, 1 m\^ ^ ^^ 

He d<yvra here and die, as attempt it. Neither, 
continuM I, have I any Hopes of getting this 
^ ay ; but fiire, (aid I, that was a better Way 
that you went, when you carry'd the Boy at your 
Back, than this that we came now. 

He laid. He thought that Way was rather 
worfe as to climbing, only that the Rocks were 
fi>mething ftronger and nrmer than thefe^ But, 
iaid he, don't be caft down nor diicourag'd at 
this ; the worft Jobb we have now, is to fi;et you 
down again, the which, when accomplifh d, you 
need not doubt your getting up to Town, whether 
Smgore Carolos he well or no : And, continued he, 
I wifli Singore Carohs had tarry'd down with you, 
and I had gone without him for the Boat, which, 
had it been fb, you would have been at Town 
before now. As for getting you to Town, added 
he, I am not a bit concerned ; for I do not fear 
having the Liberty of the Boat firom Antonio 
BJ^verio myfelf, if Singore Carolos fliould not be 
able to go in her ; but if not, I will take her whe* 
dier he will or not 

Then faid I, they will blame me if any Misfor- 
tune fliould happen to the Boat. He faid. No, 
he would take all that upon himfel^ and knew 
faimfelf able ib to do^ and give any Man upon 
die Ifland a Knock on the Fate that fhould offi^ 
to check or flop him, excepting Singore Antonio 
his Father, and Singwe Padre the ftieft j But, 
laid he, we muft now make it our prefent Endea- 
vour to get vou down again to die Sea, and then 
leave the reft all to me ^ after which, you your- 
SfH Ihall be judge, whether our Family, or the 
CrovemoF, or Prieft, or any on our Ifland, de- 
ierves moft to have the Credit and Honour of en- 
tertaining you at their Houfe 5 and hope you will 
do the Honour to thofe who are moft carefiU of 

" ur Widftre, 

C n^ 1 , 

I tbld him, I was very ienfible I could ndtkef 
honour nor credit any Body, by giving them dicf 
Trouble to maintain me, but ihould radier take it 
as an Honour, as well as Charity, done to myfel^ 
diat smy one on the Ifland would contribute & £ar 
only, as to prevent the Boy's and my ftarving, 
until it pleas d God of his Mercy to put into our 
Hands an Opportunity of getting into our own* 
Country again. 

He told me. He would have me not ttf doub^ 
that all the Ifland, as well as the Inhabitants, was 
at my Service. 

I told him, I had no Reafbn at all to doubt o£^ 
their Goodnedfs ancl Hofpitality towards me, hav 
ing received Proofs enough already, and a very re- 
markable one but now, by their but late narrow and 
miraculous eicaping the loling of their Lives5 in 
endeavouring to ierve me ; and hoped the Fright 
of that would not deter them from afibrding me 
their further Afliftance, without which I could 
expecSt nothing lefi than inevitably to perifh here, 
among thefe hideous, frightful, and diiCnal Rocks. 

Domingo told me. That all the Difficulty that I 
Ihould encounter with more, would be in getting 
down again to where I came from, and after that 
he would have me be eafy, and leave the reft to 

God knows, faid I, how it will be ; but, come. 
Life, come Death, I muft fubmit to it j and have 
this Satisfaction, that. if I do perifh, I perifh 
among thofe whole Defires and Endeavours have 
not, and, I believe, will not be wanting to cxtri* 
cate me, as far as they are able. At which the 
kind-hearted Domingo^ with a Voice of Cc»icem, 
and Tears in his Eyes, reply'd, O Singore CapiteeHy 
1 have begun to aflift you, and will lofe my Life, 
or get you up fife to Town. 

« Every one prdent exprefi'd tbeibielves m the 
£tme Manner, tho' not in lb tender to Accent, as 
Donumfr^ and ib we iet out to return the &mt 
Way mat we Went ; and when we were arriv'd at 
die £nd of our unrail'd Gallery, and ibine o£ 
them were about defcending the Rock, where we 
had iirft afbended, Dotntngo caird to them to ftop^ 
and {aid. He would not truft the Captain to go 
down now, that the Rocks were more crumbly ^ 
^ indeed I afterwards foimd by Experience they 
were, oocafion'd, I iiippbie, by the Scorohing of 
the Sun, wliich, as it were, calcined them, and 
inade them more apt to crumble and break] 
whereas in the Night, they ieem'd to attrad: fi*Qm 
the Air a Kind of Gluten^ which cemented and 
cender'd them more ftrong and firm : Whether I 
have properly accounted iat their being ftronger 
in the Night than in the Day, I cannot tell ^ but 
lliat they are £>, is confirmed by Experience : For 
which Reaibn Domhfgo would by no Means lee me 
attempt to go down till Morning, when the Sunt 
was but jt^ rilen, enough to dry up the Dew 
from the Surperficies of the Rocks : And fo we 
pitched on the broadeft and moil: convenient Place 
for us to make our Abode in till the next Morn- 
ing ; and then Domif^a, and two more, went 
down j and brought a Stick of Fire, and fbmc of 
the Wreck Wood, with ibme Fompion and Fifti ^ 
and there we took up our Lodging that Night : 
And in the Morning, with much Difficulty, as 
well as Hazard, we got down, and came ta the 
old Place again. 

Soon aroer, Domingo^ having refted and te* 
freflied himfelf with a little Fifli and Pompion, 
took his Leave of me, and, with Ibme of the 
Blacks, went up to Town to get the Boat down 
for me, and bid me expeft him, if the Weather 
was good, the Evening following, or the Day 

C *39 ] 

after J but yet if it .fliodd happen, fb that he 
tarried longer, ^not to be out or Hopes, or im- 
pute it in the leaft to his Negleft ; for he aflured 
me, ^ Eifde^our or Diligence of his fliould be 
wanting : This, he laid, he could boldly aVer for 
bis own Part, and believed, ths^t no one on tho 
Ifland, but would contribute, their Affiftance to 
it, to the iimo& of their Power. -; : 

I thanked him, and them all, and. told him^^ 
I had no IR^^n in the leaft t<^ doubt .what he 
(aid, and bid him give mv humble 'Ser^ce to Ibm 
Singore ?^ ( i. e. his Father) to th% Sinff^e\BA^ 
dre^ and \Singpre Gavemardo^ and to all the Sin^ 
goresyin general, not forgetting Sikgpre^CarolQs f 
He Ikid, he would j fo away they went. = • 

Manue}^ , whom I told you ci before^ had let 
his Rdpludion, never mdre-to part .w^ me, un«i 
leis I lt>r<night him to his Home and Family, nor 
then ^dtber^ unlefs I would: 'fhe Time -that I 
was goni^ he had got all mv Rags and Cloaths, 
and had wafhed them ; as aUb every Rag of the 
Sails that . was as broad as my Hand, and had 
them ipread to dry ; and as they dried, he folded 
them up, and laid them in a Hole in the Rod^ 
where neither the Sea, Duft, nor Dew, could 
come to annoy them; and told me. That he 
was not in any great Hopes that I fhoiild have 
been aUe to have got up i but was in great Fear 
that any Diiafter Ihould h^en to me, by reaibn 
the Rocks were fo difiicult to climb up, as well 
as dangerous, which he had fiiunned, by liis^im- 
ming; yet he heard fb much from thoie that 
pafl^ diat Way, that he had little Hopes that I 
could ; but wilhed heartily, that I misht, and 
Imd waflied, and was a drying all my Things, in 
ordo: to bring them up after me, asibon as he 
heard that I was iafe up. 

i thanked Mm ; He faid^ I owed iiim no 
thanks ^ that it was biit his bare Duty, and as 
fbch, he did it, Sc 

It was almoft cahn, and as the Sun drew to the 
Meridian^ it fell qtiite calhi^ cdntrai^ td virhat It 
is on th^ Weather Side, as well South-Baft, afid 
North-Weft Sides of the Ifland, where the nigher 
die Sun approaches the Meridian, the frefller the 
Gait blows J but oii the Sduth-Weft Sicie, the 
cistitrary j though ibmetim^s^ el^ially if it be 
calm in the Offing, even a mint Trade^ betweeii 
die Hours of lo M. and 3 P. M. you ihall have 
a fine Sea Breeze at South- Weft; and fbch a 
Breeze would have been very refrefhing to me 

The Sun, as I &id^ t^as Extreme hot, darting 
his Rays againft the folid Rocks, which reflected 
upon us an inconceivable tleat, lb that by its 
flronger Light or Fire, it not only dimmM,but had 
like to have quite extinguifhed the weak Lam^ 

Vot it lb inflamed my BlOod, that, with other 
Caufes concurring, filch as the Badnefs of Food 
for fbme Tinie paft, arid driiikiiig nd Liquoft*^ btfc 
that fiery Spirit, Rum ; my great Fatigues, Colds^ 
Heats, iSc, and now my feeding altogether, and 
of a ftidden, on watry Food, £uch as Pompion^ 
Water-Melon, Bananas, £^c. and inftead of RuiA^ 
drinking cold Rock Water ^ with my labouring 
and Frights ftriving to fcramble up the Rocks ^ 
the former letting, as it were, my Blood all on 
Fire, the other chilling, and, as it were, ftag-* 
nating it ; of both which, I had a lenfible Percep- 

All theft together, I lay, threw me into fuch 
an iUneli, that it was the Wonder of every One^ 
and the great Mercy of the Aknighty^ that 1 re-* 
tovered from it. 

C Mt 3 

I found myfelf very much out of Order, but 
was afraid either to conceit mylelf fb, or own it 
to any-bbdy clfe: They all 4w an Alteration^ 
and asked ine. Whether I found myfelf ill or no ^ 
I told them, I was indifferent, but thought it 
was the Heat of the Sun that made me a little 
faintifh • they (aid. They believed 1 was not a 
little, but a great deal ill ; for, fays Manuel^ your 
Face is as red, as the very Fire, and I will let 
ybu fee it yourfelf, and away he goes, and fetches 
me fbme clear Sea Water in a Calabafli, and 
held it for me to behold my Face in, which I 
could almoft as well fee, as in an ordinary Look*- "^ 
ing-Glafs, and I was really furprized to fee myfelf; 
it was jufl as if I had got a Surfeit, or like one 
when the Small-Pox *firft comes out; and upon 
examining, I found, that all my Bod^ was the 

My Head was ready to fplit, and I thought 
my Eyes would have ftartca out, and at laft I 
was forc'd to bind fbmething about my Head; 
and I could hear them talk one to another, that I 
had an exceeding high arid fbong Fever • fome al- 
ready concluding I fhould die, others hoping not, 
' all wifliing that I was up at Town ; and Manuel 
crying, and curfing his Confbrts, laying all the 
blame on them, by whofe bafe Negled, he faid, 
came my Misfortunes, and the Grief which occa* 
fion'd my prefent lUnefs, ^c. 

My Dillemper increased fo, that I was not able 
to fit up, but was forced to lie along on the Rock 
on Pieces of Sails, i3c. with which they made a 
Bed for me as well as they could ; and in the 
Evening, feeing me fo bad, they all left me but 
three, of which Manuel was one ; who would 
have had the other two have gone up alfo, telling 
them they could do me no good now, and rh^lt 
he alone was fufficient to look uftcr lae^ at^i o\vVj 

[ Hi] 

wanted them to come down, one or two, every 
Day, to bring down Necefl&ries, and daily give 
an Account at Town how I was ; but they all 
iaid, No, they would always leave two with him, 
as well for Company, as to aflift him, or to fend 
away to Town upon any extraordinary Occafion ^ 
fb away they went. 

I was very ill the whole Night, and a great 
Part of it was delirious, and fo continued the Day 
following ; in the Evening, Domingo ^ and ibme 
more, came down, and was very fbrrowful to fee 
me in fuch a Condition ; moft of the Afternoon 
* I was pretty fenfible, and perceived feveral of. the 
Blacks weep, and elpecially Manuel and Domingo^ 
who often wifhed, that I had not fallen lick be* 
fore I got to Town, when they Ihould have been 
better able to take care of me, and keep me from 
the Cold. 

Domingo told me. That Singore Carolos was ftili 
ill, but much better than I, and was mighty 
* forry when the Men that came up laft Night, 
brought Word of my Illnefs ; but did not believe 
that I had been fb bad, as he, to his great Grief^ 
found that I was ; and that Singore Carolos^ he 
hoped, would, in a little Time, be better , and 
as fbon as ever he was able, would be down ta 
look after me ^ and that the Governor and Prieft, 
as likewife all the People in general, fent Word 
to me by him, That they were all ready to ferve 
me, and that I (hould not want for any thing 
that the Ifland afforded ; but more e^ecially his 
Father Singore Anthonia Gums^ who would have 
come down before now, but that he is a heavy 
old Man ; and fb would the Governor, but that 
(as I had heard before) he was fick, and flill was 
ia a weak Condition ^ and. the Pricft being a fkt, 
heavy, corpulent Man, he could not climb up 


or down the Rocks, as he believed, £b well 
as I. 

About the Time that the Goats go to their Dens, * 
there came down a great many Stones and much 
Duft where we all wete, without doing any con- 
fiderable Hurt to any of us, though there hap- 
penM feveral Stones to fall pretty high mCj and 
a good deal of £arth and Duft upon me ; one 
large Stone fell, I believe, within half a Yard o^ 
my Head, which frighted them more than me, fbi? 
my Sicknefs was lb extreme, that I was but very 
little affed:ed with any Apt)rehenfion of Danger i 
but Domingo and Manuel could not be eaiy till 
they mov'd me to a Place, which tho' to them 
feem'd lefs dangerous, yet it w^ much more in- 
convenient, there hardly being Room for me to 
extend myielf, and the leaft Turn would have 
rowled me of ^ which, althot^h the Fall would 
hot have been very great, as not* being above 
four or five Foot above the Beech, yet it being 
all ftony, it was not only poffible, but alio very 
probable, that I imight be hurt ^ and at high 
Water, there was about a Foot and a half, ot 
two Foot Water, eipecially at Spring Tides, and' 
moderate Weather, the Sea did but little mote 
than come up to the Rock 5 but my good Atten** 
darits took , Care enough of me, two of them 
keeping by me all Night, and if I offered but to 
turn, they would be ready, and ask me if I 
had a mind to turn, which if' I laid I had, they 
would turn me with as much Tendemels, Sis a 
Mother could do her tender Babe ; and fo th^ 
tended me by turns till they thought the Goatd 
were all got out from their Dens, and that the Dan- 
ger of the Stones tumbling down was over ; and then 
they removed me where I had Ibmething more 
Room, and alio contrived a Soft of an A.\xw\iR%clt 
Shade (or m§ Bom the Sun ^ ^xia V(VvvcVv^ D(^ 

[ H4 ] 


*w«go. giving Manuel Charge to tend me well, (2^ 
alfo to remove me before the Sun got below the 
Tops of the Mountains, and place me where I 
had been laft Night, for fear of the Goats tum- 
bling the Stones down on me, and in the Morn- 
ing to move me again) he went away to Town ^ 
at whofe Arrival, and News, they were very 
ferry ; and Mr. ISranklin told them. That I Ihould 
be much better, ' if I lay better ^ and Domingo 
having a Cotton: Hammock, which hi« Father 
had of the Pirates when they were at this Ifland, 
he ask'd Mr. Frinklin whether that would be of 
any Service to me, who told him it would, and 
bid him carry it down, arid fhew'd him how to 
hang it. 

• Domingo came down ag^in that Night, and his 
Brother Bafil^ with fbme other of the Blacks, 
and brought with them fbme Milk, Pompion, ^e. 
and the Hammock, which had been fix'd ready for 
hanging up, at Town, by Mr. Franklin ^ and they 
found Means to hang it up at the Side of the 
Rock by fome Nobs that ftuck out, and juft high 
enough, that the Sea could not flow up to me ; 
dio' when it blew hard, that the Sea rowl'd in, 
and beat in againft the Rocks, the Spray would 
oftentimes fall into my Hammock, and make me 
as wet as if I had been dipped in the Sea. 

They catch'd two (^ails, which they had 
knock a down* in the Way as they came along, 
and fome others brought down a couple of Fowls ^ 
neither wanted I any thing all the Time I was 
there, nor after that 1 could be got upon the 
Ifland i and Manuel conftantly tended me Night 
and Day with a Tendernefi that is not common ; 
befides it was very feldom, but what there was 
fome of the Inhabitants down with him. 

I was pretty much delirious, infomuch, that 
ibmctimes^ as they have ftocfc xo\di mt^ >3weN[ were 

C H5 1 

to ftand in the Water, when it was full Sea, to 
keep me in my Hammock, their Tendernefi not 
penpitting them to tye me down ; neither would 
they, during the whole Time of my Illnefi, tell 
me any Thing I did, or what I laid in my rav- 
ing Fits, becaiie, as they afterwards told me, they 
would not difcourage me. 

I had a tolerable Bed to lie on, made up of 
Pieces of 5ails doubled, and laid in the Ham- 
mock, and my Bed-tick fmooth over that ; but 
they had taken all the Feathers out and flung 
them away, becaufe they were wet y on that was 
Ipread a Cotton Cloth, and another Cotton Cloth 
was laid over me, and on that my Rug, which 
they had alfo laved ; ib that cdhfidering where I 
v^as, I may lay I was extraordinarily accommo- - 
^ated. - ^ - 

A high burning continual Fever held me neaf 
about a Month ; after which I was lels delirious, 
but extreme weak, not being able fo much as to 
turn myfelf ; and in the Spring Tides I ufed to 
be often wet with the Spray of the Sea dafhing 
againft the Rock where I hung, and then in die 
Morning they would take me out of my Ham- 
mock, and Ipread the Things and dry them ; and 
during the Time that I was out of the Hammock, 
one or another ufed to lay my Head in their Laps, 
or Ibmetimes let me on their Laps leaning againft 
their Breaft, or any Way which I found moft 
eafy ; and I believe I was troublefomc enough to 

I fliall trouble the Readers with one Inftance of 
the Strength of my Delirium : One Night, when 
the Water was down, lb that the Beach was dry, 
I had a Notion came into my Head that I could 
very ealily go up the Rocks, and thought, in my 
Imagination, that I had leen a Way never dilco- 
ver'd by the Natives, which 1 thou§Jcvt \ coxjJA. 

K 3 ^^^ 

ycry cafiiy get up ; - and looking about me, de- 
figning to get away without any Body's difcover- 
ing mc, I pleased myfelf to think how I fhould 
furprize all the Town to fee me there, who would^ 
be apt to think I had fbme fiipematural Help. I 
thought I was fb ftrong, that I was able aJmoft 
%o do any Thing 5 and every one being fitting 
about the Fire on the Top ox the Rock, which I 
^ould fee as I lay in the Hanunock, I got oiit 
without making any Noife, and was going along 
as eafy as I could, that I might not be difeover'd, 
when Manuel ipying me, came running to me, 
and ask'd me. Where I was going ? I told him, I 
was going to Town. He faid. He wifti'd with all 
his Heart I was able. I told him, I was able 
enoufih. He laid. No ; and begged me to go 
with him back to the Hammock. No, I told him, 
i would go to Town. He laid. That when I 
was well, I could not get up ; and how could I pre* 
tend to it now I was ill > I tpld him, I was as well 
as ever I was in my Life, and as ftrong, (and in- 
4eed fo I thought I was) and was refolvM to be 
up at Town before Day-light. He defir'd me to 
go to my Hammock, and ftay till Day-light, and 
then I fhould fee to walk better. I told him, I 
had lain io long in the Hammock, that I was 
tired of it. Then laid he, Come and fit down by 
the Fire with us till Day, and we will all go toge^ 
ther. For, laid he, you know that not one of 
the Iflanders will venture to go up the Rocks in 
the Night. Pifli, faid I, I know a Way that ne'er 
a one on the Ifland knows. Pray, lays he, let 
me perfuade you either to go to your Hammock, 
or come and fit down by the Fire with us. I laid, 
No ; I was ftrong and well enpi^gh, and perfeAly 
|fen,ew every Step of the Way. How can that b^ 
feid he, and you never was up that, nor any other 
y^3)ipn this Iflan^, in yoqr Life ? No Matter fiy 


that, laid I, I have been fhcwn the Way, and 
have ieen, that if I was to go it a thoufand 
Times, or ofbier, I could not know it better than 
I now do 5 and therefore am refoVd to go now, 
while I have the Knowledge of it fo frefh in my 
Mind, left God Almighty, who has fhew'd it me, 
may perhaps take away my Knowledge To-mor- 
row ^ And, faid I, it fignifies nothing your talk* 
ing, I will go to Town now, while I can, and 
v/ill not any longer tarry here. Well, laid he, 
if yon are relblv'd to go, I will go with you, 
and I will put a Gotten Cloth about you, that 
you may not catch cold (for I was all this Time 
ftanding ftark naked). Well do, laid I, and 
bring a Stick for me, to have in my Hand to 
keep off the Dogs when we come into Town, for 
I reckon we fhaJI be there a good while before 
Day. Ay, laid he, and it will help you to walk. 
No, laid I5 the Way that I fhall lead you, you 
may walk it very eafily without a Stick ; but I 
would not have you (hew it to any body, that 
they may admire how we got up, and the more 
for coming up in the Night. 

He laid. He would not ; and brought a Cot- 
ten Cloth out of the Hammock, and borrow'd a 
Stick of one of the Blacks who was fitting at the 
Fire, telling them where I was going, and what I 
laid. Some of them laid, I was light-headed; 
others. That God was a great Friend to white 
People, and out of Compaffion to me, had per- 
haps lent his Angel to Ihew me, in a Vifion, the 
Way. Ay, laid another, but there is no luch 
eafy Way from hence up , nay, nor any where on 
the Ifland from the Sea-fide, as what he talks of 
Well, but, piid another, God can do all Things ; 
may be he hath lent his Angel to make the Way 
{o ealy for him 3 and a great deal more fuch 

R 4 innoceat 

innocent foolifli Talk, which I heard of after- 

Idanuel loon returned, and brought me a Stick 
as I had defirM him, and a Cloth, which he ty'd 
about me after the Negro Faftiion, and away we 
trudg'd ; I being, I thought, as ftrong and hear- 
ty as ever I was in my Life : But we had not 
walkM above a Stones-caft or two, beft)re my 
Delirium began to leave me, and with that all 
iny imaginary Strength, fb that I was unable to 
help myfelf ; and Manuel had enough to do to fet 
me on my Legs again, and began to perfuade me 
tp go back with him to the Fire, or to lie down 
in the Hammock again ^ but I woold not hear 
any Thing that Way, but bid him go his way 
to his Conlbrts, for that I could find the Way to 
Town without any body's Affiftance, and Ihoved 
him from me ; who letting me go, I dropp'd 
down thro* extreme Weaknels. 

Hereupon he calFd to his Conlbrts at the Fire, 
who prefently came, and among them carry'd 
me to the Hammock, where I lay quiet enough. 

I believe this was the laft ftrong raving Fit J 
had, being for the moft Part fenfible after that ; 
and then I had been laid up better than a Month, 
and was very weak. 

I lay three Days and Nights, they told me, 
without opening either my Eyes or Mouth, only 
when they forc'd it open with a Knife, &?^. tQ 
pour Broth or Milk down my Throat, and never 
(tirr'd ^ fb that they very often thought I had 
been dead, till they felt my Heart beat, which 
^ey would every now and then. 

When I awaked from this Lethargy, I was Juft^ 
I thought, as though I had rifen out of a iweet 
gjeep, w\ thinking, nor they telling n»e then, i; 
ba4 ^^ 9 N^p of ttjreB Pa^?, 


C ^49 ] 

It was a little before that, that Mr. Franklin^ 
being fomething recoverM, came down to fee me ; 
but was gone before I awaked out of that long 
Sleep, and ftridly ienjoin d them, before he 
went, to be fure to take Care of me, white any 
Life remained in me ; but as foon as ever they 
perceiv'd me dead, to fend diredly to him, ami 
he would, if able, come down. He was of Opi- 
nion, That I Ihould never recover; but wUh*d 
that he had feen and fpoke to me before I was fo 
bad, that he might have known where to write to 
my Friends, that they might have the SatisfaAi- 
on to know when, where, and how I died ; he 
iaid he could not ftay with me, not being well re- 
cover'd, and found it prejudicial to him . to lie 
open, exposed to the Dew, and therefore went up 

Domingo alfo came down often, and moft of 
the Time th^t I was ill, every Night almoft, 
there were two, or three, or more Companions with 

I continu d ftill very weak, but ienfible, and 
fweat fo every Night, that in the Morning you 
might have wrung all the Cloaths about me, and 
yet remain'd lb cold and clammy, that I could not 
be warm all Night, do what they could to cover 
me : The Blacks faid. This extreme Sweating was 
a good Sign, and that my Diftemper was going 
away in thofe, Sweats. 

When I had lain about fix Weeks in that Con- 
dition, it pleased God it held calm for two or three 
Days together, and Carolos and Domingo^ with 
three others, brought the Boat down ; but about 
an Hour, as near as I could guefs, before the 
Boat came, a terrible Accident happened, which 
gives me ftill the greateft Concern ^ for a great 
Piece of Rock tumbled down, right over where 
jnv jSoinpaQck hyngj and it being low Water, 

[ ijo 1 

tfid a fine Day, poor Manuel was fitting on die 
Beach, a little Way off from me, on whom feve- 
fal of the sreat Stones fell, aiul made a woful 
Spedacle of him, by finafhing him as it were al- 
moft to a Mummy ; my Hammock hanging clofe 
to the Side of the Rode, the Piece of Rock, and 
Stones, which came tumbling after it, rowl'd oflf^ 
clear of my Hammock, excepting fbme few, which 
ibratched and rafed the Skin in ieveral Places, 
and gave me a flight Contuiion in my left Arm, a 
little Cut on my left Thigh, and bruised the out- 
fide of my left Ankle, which was the worft, and 
painM me above two Months after. 

It happened luckily that there was not any Bo- 
dy dfc there at that Time ; for there had been 
Iwir widi Manuel the preceding Night , but they 
iceii^ die Day before had been calm, and that the 
Morning promised the feme for the enfuing Day, 
two of them went up to Town at Bre^ of Day, 
to remind my Friends to get down the Boat, and 
the other two went a fifliing. 

When die Boat came to the Beach, poor Ma-- 
nuel was the firft Spe&acle they iaw ^ and looking 
&rther about, they law me lying down on the 
Beach with my Hammock afinoft covered with 
Duft, and in fb weak a Condition, that I was not 
able to move, and almofl: unable to {peak. 

The firft that came to me, ask'd me, when he 
law my Eyes open, for till then, he laid, he 
thought I had been dead, in a very fliarp Tone, 
How came Manuel to be kill'd lb ? 

I anlwerM, as well as I was able. That I could 
not tell ; and by that Time Mr. Franklin and the 
reft came up to me ; and when lie faw that I was 
alive, and Ipoke, he laid. He was very glad ; and 
ask'd me. How long Manuel had been dead } I 
told him, I did not biow of his Death ; but I be- 
liev'd it was about an Hour fioce I heard the Rocks 


C »5<] 

&11, which beat down my Hammock, and I be* 
liev'd had hurt me a little. 

/)6;;/i;/^ofaid,'What fignifies asking him Ou^ 
itions ? Let us get him down to the Boat bdbre 
any more £ills, and thank God he has ib narrowly 
cfcapM ; fb away they took me four of them, and 
carry'd me down to the Boat, and put what they 
thought worth carrying away, into it ^ and away 
we went, and got up to Tuurno about two Hours 
before Sun-fet, where they brought me afhore, 
and laid me tn a little Cave, upon a Bed which ' 
they made me of dry'd Grafi which they gathef'd, 
and covered me with the Rug and Cloaths' they 
brought up in the Boat ; and kindled a Fire at 
the Mouth of the Cave. 

They told me. That they did not, when they 
tame away, defign to have come back to Fuurito 
till the next Morning 5 nor, they bcliev'd, had not, 
if it had not been for that unlucky Difafter of the 
Rocks falling and killing Manuel^ and hurting me^ 
and therefore expected no Horfes down for me 
till Morning ; at which Time Dotningo (aid, his 
Brother would be down with a Horfe from his 
Father, and hoped I would do their Father die 
Honour to lodge with him. 

I can't tell whether it was with the Joy of my 
Deliverance from that difinal Place, or how ; but 
I found myfelf more hearty, and could ip^ fo 
as to be intelligible without ftraining, or making 
fne fo faint as it ufed to do for fome Time paft. 

I told Domingo^ That it could be no Honour ; 
and that I fhould give abundance of Trouble to 
whofecver entertain d me ; and I thought I oVd 
more Obligations to him than to any one on die 
Ifland, and therefore, fince he was fo good at 
to defire it, I would give him ihsx Trouble and 

[ M^ ] 

He told me. The Governor, he believ'd, would 
fend a Horfe for me alio ; but defir'd that I would 
ride up on his Father's Horfe, fince I had pro- 
mise him to take up my abode with him. 

Mr. Franklin told Domingo^ That fince I had 
given my Word to lodge with his Father, he need 
lay no more about it, tor that it was the Property 
ot the Englijh Nation, Iboner to die than to go 
from it. 

Domitfgp faid. He believ'd it ; and went away 
diredly to carry up the joyful News, as he call'd 
it, of my fate Arrival at the Fuurno. Next 
Morning betimes he return'd, with feveral of the 
Slacks, and his Brother, who brought a Horle for 
me : The Governor alfb fent a Man and Horfe 
lor me. 

My Fever had in a Manner left me ; but I was 
lb weak, that when I was fet on my Feet, I could 
not fland .a Moment without being fiipported ; 
and Mr. Franklin faid, That the Governor's Horfe 
was the quietefl, as well as fecurcfl to carry me, 
and the Saddle was the deepefl, and eafieft tor me 
to fit upon, and fb proposM that I fhould ride up 
on that, which Domingo^ with fbme Reludtancy, 
for fear the Governor fnould take it as an Obliga- 
tion for me to live with him, comply'd with, upon 
my repeated Promife that I would take up my 
Abode at his Father's ; and after they had well 
girted and fecur'd the Saddle, they fet me on the 
Governor's Horfe , and, for the greater Security, 
tied my Feet under the Horfe's Belly with a Cot- 
ten Sam, much as they do a Criminal ^ the Pimi- 
mel of the Saddle afore being as high almoft as 
the Pitt of my Stomach, and it was as high be^^ 
hind 5 and they feften'd me fb, that if I had been 
dead, or afleep, I could not falj : They then put 
the Horfe in the Path, and tum'd him loofe, and 
bid me not fear, for he knew his Way home ; 


C V55 ] 

^d away went the Horfe afore a good Pace," but 
did not trot , and never ftay'd till he came to the 
Governor's Hut Door, who, with feveral of his 
Relations, and a good many others, was ready to 
receive him. 

I was up ibme time before the Blacks ; and the 
Governor welcomed me with all the Signs of Joy 
imaginable, and excusM himfelf for not coming 
down to me at the Salt Point Bay^ by Reaibn c£ 
his lUnefs, ^c. but now I was come up, he would 
endeavour to make Amends to me for that, C?r. 
and told me. His Houle, himfelf, his Family, his 
Friends, and all that the liland afibrded, was at 
my Service, and he himfelf would be to me in 
the Room of my Manuel whom I had loft, and 
which he was very forry for, fince he heard, he 
fa id, he was an afledbionate and faithful Servant ; 
and ordered to unloofe me, and take me down off 
the Horfe. 

I told him, I was extremely oblig'd to him, and 
all the Singores on the Ifland ; and, if he pleas'd 
to hear me without being angry, I would give 
him my Reafons, why I could not poffibly take 
up my Abode with him, without incurring the 
Difpleafiire of Singore Padre to both himfelf and 
me, and what the Confequence of that might be, 
I believ'd him to be a better Judge than m)^elf ; 
which was, that Singore Padre was the firft that 
ofler'd me his Houfe, as he was the fecond : Now, 
continued I, if I fliould lodge at the Padres 
Houfe, I fuppofe you would have taken it ill of 
me, and I am informed, that if I lodge at your 
Houfe, he will do both you and me all the Preju- 
dice that lies in his Power. 

Ay, faid he, I know that he loves me but from 
the Teeth outwards ; I have been upon my Guard 
a great while ; I know he is fpiteful and malici- 
ous enough^ but I do not value Vum xW \v€^ ^ 

[ ^54 ] 

Padre ^ but it may be, that out oi Malice hfe 
may, fome Way or other, privately do you a 
Prejudice, but openly he Ihall not ; and tho' (ot 
your Reaibns given, I could agree to your living 
with any dhe elfe on the Ifland, yet I never Ihafl 
agree to your lodging at the Padre's, I know, 
^d he, his Eagemeis to have you live with him, 
is not out of Refped to Strangers, but for what 
fee can get from you. 

Nay, laid I, he can exjped nothing from mc, 
1 having been robb'd oi every Thing before I 
came here. 

YeSj yes, laid he, you have Cloaths^ and he 
will be glad to get Ibme of them. 

Well, lays I, if you will be contented for me 
to live at another Houle, I will give you my 
Word I will not live at the Prieft*s. 

He laid. So it were with one that he thought 
would take Care of me, he would. 

I reply'd. That to avoid giving any Offence, 
or, at leaft, as little as I could, to any Party, I 
thought it beft to go to Singore Antonio Gumms. 

He laid, I did very prudently, as we Whites 
always did 3 and he liked Singore Antonio very 
well, he being a good Man, and having a better 
Houle by far to entertain me In, than his j but 
hoped, when I was able to walk abroad, that I 
would not be a Stranger to his Houle. 

I told him, I fhould not : At which he leem*d 

By this Time the People who followed me came 
up 3 and tho' the Governor was Iway'd {o with 
the Reafons that I gave him, ib as to be latisfy'd 
with my going to live at Singore Antonio Gumms^ 
yet Ibme of his Friends prelent were not ^ and 
began to lay one to another, that this was owing 
to Singore Carolos^ and to Domingo Gumms, and 
that Singore Carolos ought to be dvaftiz*d for his 

C M5 3 

Ijifblence ; who being but a Stranger, fhould take 
that Liberty to perlwade the Captain not to live 
with the Singore Governador. 

Domingo over-hearing them, iaid. It was &Ue^ 
to fay that Singore Carolos had any Hand in per- 
iwading Singore Capiteen to live at his Father's ; it 
was he himfelf that did it ^ and his Father was ai 
well able to accommodate Singore Capiteen^ as Sin^ 
gore Go'vernador was , and his Father was Gover* 
7iador when Singore Luonell GonfaPvo (that was the 
prefent Governor's Name) was but a Boy, and 
might, if he pleased, have been Governor now, 
but that he was old, and would not take the 
Trouble upon him ^ and that Man that (hould fay 
that Singore Carolos had a Hand in perfwading 
the Captteen^ he had a Faukade ready for him ; 
and immediately drew out a long iharp-pointed 

Mr. Franklin told them. That he did not per- 
fwade me either to one Houfe, or another j but 
that I had promisM, at the repeated Requeft of 
Domingo^ to go to his Father's, left I (hould dif^ 
oblige either the Governor or the Padre. 

Notwithftanding this Excufe, one of them up 
with his Stick to ftrike at Mr. Franklin ^ but Do- 
mingo gave him fuch a Rap on the Head with his 
SricK, that he lay'd him down as quiet as if he had 
been in his laft Sleep, for fbme Minutes ^ which . 
put theiji all into fuch a Ferment, that the Gover- 
nor, fearing it might be of no good Confequence 
to me, got me into his Houfe ; leaving Orders to 
apprehend and make a Prifbner of him, who firfl 
lifted his Stick to ftrike Mr. Frankhn^ as being 
the firft Breaker of the Peace • And this, indeed, 
was the moft prudent Way he could have a&ed, 
to prevent a Commotion among them y and this 
intirely put a Stop to their forming Parties, which 
they were going to do. 

C M<5 ] 

After I was brought into the Houfe, the Go-» 
yemor fliew'd me the Bed which he had made up 
for me, in hopes that I would ^ave remained with 
him i but he was, as he told me before, fatisfied 
(to prevent giving Offence) at my livii^ with 
Singore Antonio^ whom all the Ifland re^efted y 
. but fince I was alighted, he would have me ftay 
at his Houfe till the Cool of the Evening, ani 
then he would lend me down to Singore Antonio^s ; 
to I was lay'd on the Bed, which indeed was ex- 
traordinary, confidering the People and Country j 
for there were four Pofts drove into the Floor, in 
the Form of a long Square, and four Pieces of 
Wood tied to them with Banana Cords, which 
ferm'd the Head, Feet, and Sides of the Bed, 
and three or four Sticks laid acrcrfs, and tied at 
each End to the two Pieces that made the Sides of 
the Bed ^ over that was lay'd a Hurdle made of 
large Cane Reed, being the fame Sort which Is 
brought out of Portugal^ &c. over the Cane 
Hurdle was good Store of dryM Banana Leaves, 
laid after the fame Manner as the poorer Sort of 
the Native Irijh do their Beds of Straw^ over the 
Banana Leaves was laid a Banana Mat, and on 
that two white Gotten Cloths as Sheets, with a 
thick blue-and- white Cotten Cloth over all, as a 
Rifg or Quilt. 

I have been the more particular in defcribing 
this Bed, becaufe Beds are not ufual* there, they 
all lying on the Ground, and, as he told me, it 
was of his Brother's Contrivance, who had liv'd 
fbme Time at St. Philip's^ and had been once at 
St. Jago^ where he faw thofe Sort of Beds there, 
ufed by the Branca s (i. e. PortuguefeJ inhabiting 
there ; and faid. He was fiire there was ne'er ano- 
ther Bed upon the Ifland of jthat Sort, except one 
that his Brother made for Singore Padre ; and he 
would keep it always ready for me^ againfl: I was 

C 257 ] 

recovered, in hopes I would pafs a Night now 
and then with him ; which I Gad I would, fo it 
gave no Offence. He faid. He would beg that 
Favour of Singore Antonio^ who he was fure would 
not deny him. 

The Prifoner who had begun the Fray, was 
bound Hand and Foot, and put in the Governor*^' 
Houfc, and fb remained till next Day ; and upon 
all Parties becoming Friends again, he was fet 

I had a Fowl boilM for me, and I fupp*d a 
little of the Broth j and in the Cool of the Even- 
ing I was carry 'd down in my Hammock, by the 
Inhabitants on their Shoulders, it being fix'd on a 
Pole by Mr. Franklin. I was joyfully receivM 
by Singore Antonio^ who told me. Since I had 
been io kind to come to live with him, notwith- 
ftanding I had been io importun d by the Prieft 
and Governor, he reckoned himfelf and all his 
Family fo highly obligated to me, that all that 
they could do for me was much too little. And, 
indeed, he made it appear that what he faid 
was fincere ; for during the whole Time that I 
continued ill and weak, which was about fix Weeks 
more, the good old Man would truft neither his 
Wife, who was alio a good tender and motherly 
old Woman, nor any of his Children, nor even 
Domingo^ either to make up my Bed, which was 
done every Night, or to lift me out while it was 
made, or to ferve me with my Victuals - but did 
all himfelf ; often telling me, that it was the 
greateft Honour he ever had in his Life, to be my 

Aly Bed was of the fame Fafhion of that which 
I defcrib'd before at the Governor's ; for the old 
Man, as fbon as \it had any AiTurance of my 
coming to his Houfe, went to the Prieft's, to fee 
how his Bed was made, and by that Pattern fix*d 

S ^\^s^ 

L M8 ] 

cmc for mc, after the Branca s Fafliion, as they 
caird it. 

Durii^ the Time of my lUnefs, every Day 
fome or other of the Inhabitants would come to 
fee how I did ; but never hardly any of them 
came without bringing Ibmething for me, either a 
^ fowl, fome Banana's, Indian Corn, and Banana 
Cakes, Pompion, Water-Melons, Sc according 
ds they had ^ but Singore Antonio very feldom let 
them come into the Houfe, excepting fome few of 
the better Sort, for fear of difturbing me, but 
received their Offering at the Door, and there 
anfwer'd them how I did, and returned them 
Thanks for their Prefents on my Behalf 

1 he Prieft pad me a Vifit the next Day after 
I came up ; and the Governor ufed to come and 
'•fee me almoft every Day ^ and every two or 
three Days font me, fometimes a Quarter, fbme- 
times a Side, and fometimes a whole Carcals of a 
wild Goat. 

After I began to gather Strength, that I could 
drefs myfelf and fit up, they ufed to be admitted 
in J for then Singore Antonio thought, he laid, 
that Company might divert me, and do me 

W'hcn I came to be able to eat pretty well, and 
could take a Walk out in the Air, which was 
about two Months after I came up to Town, I 
told Singore Antonio^ that I began to be pretty 
well, I thank'd God, and all the good People of 
the Ifland, and in a particular Manner himfelf, 
and Domingo^ who, under God, was a great In- 
ftrument ot faving my Life ^ and that now my 
Stomach was pretty ftrong, I would endeavour to 
eat as they did, avz. Pompion, Fefhoon, parch'd 
Indian Com, ^c, and that I reckon'd I liad de^ 
ftroy'd his Stock of Fowls already (which was 
the largeft Stock that any four on the Ifland had 


C M9 3 

befides himlelP), He iald, I had not deftroy*d his 

Stock, for they were not his Fowls that I eat, but 

my own. I told him, It was his Goodnefi to 

make them fo. He £aid, No ^ they were my dwn 

properly, and were given to me by the Smzores^ 

who came daily to fee me in the Time ox my 

, Sicknels : And, fays he. How many Fowls do 

you think you have yet left alive ? I told him, I 

could not tell 5 neittier did I know that I had 

a^y. Why, feid he, you have more Fowls, 1 be* 

Jieve, than \ ; and calling his Singora Muritia^ 

C which was his Wife's Name) he ask*d her. How 

many Fowls the Captain had left alive ? who told 

him fifty-one, or fifty-two. I was in amaze at 

/ it, and feid, I was indebted to all the Smgores of 

' the Ifland more than ever I fliould be able to 


Hefinikd, andfaid. That to help any one that 
was in Need, but moi*e efpecially a Stranger, was 
a Duty incumbent on every one ^ and that if any 
of them Ihould ever happen to be in the like 
Circumftances in my Country, it would be then 
a Duty in me to do the fame fof them ^ and he 
did not doubt but I fhould have been of that Opi- 
nion, if I had never been on this Ifland, and rc- 
ceivM Kindnels from them. 

After I was able to walk Abroad, I had every 
Day Invitations, till I had vifited all the Inhabi- 
tants Houfes or Huts on the Ifland, except the 
Fitefeers (L e. Witches) Houfes ^ againft which, 
txij Landlord, as alfb the Governor, and the 
Prieft, gave me a Caution, neither to eat, noi" . 
drink, nor have any Intimacy or Acquaintance 
with them, but as little as I could. 

ThefirftVifit I paid (for which I askM the 
Governor's Leave, and praying him not to be 
offended at it^ which he readily granted, and pro- 
mised not in the leaft) was to the Prieft, who took 

it very kind, that I had done him the firft Favour 
at my firft going Abroad , the next was to the 
Governor ; and after him to Singore George Goip- 
falvo^ who had formerly been a Governor ; and 
then to the reft in order, according to their Seni- 
ority, as my Landlord Antonio Gumms direfted 
me, whofe Advice in that Affair I wholly fol- 

I now began to be pretty ftrong and hearty, 
and nfed to go out with the Natives a hunting and 
filhing ; the laft I ufed often to b« at, as being 
more diverting and leis fetiguing. 

I had Nails enow lav'd out of the Pieces of 
the Wreck, to have fupply'd the Ifland perhaps 
an Age, or more, with Filhing-Hooks ; for all 
that the Natives had fav'd and knocked out with 
Stones, they brought to me, after I was come up 
to Singore Antonio Gumms ; for the Prieft had told 
them, That if they kept any thing that they had 
fav'd, of what Kind foever, from me, God would 
certainly take Vengeance of them, and they would 
never thrive, nor profper in any thin^ that they 
undertook , fb that I had every Bit of Iron which 
they had hazardoufly and painfully lav'd, and 
brought up ; as alfb every Piece of Board, or any 
thing elfe -, which was aJJ of Service to me, as in 
the Sequel of this Story you fhall hear. 

Our Manner of Fifhing was thus : We ufed to 
go from Town before Day, fo as to get down to 
the Sea-fide before the Sun was very high, to 
avoid his fcorching Heat in our Journey down the 
Rocks, and took with us a Calabafli or two of 
Water, according as our Company was, more or 
lefs, alfo fome Pompion, Banana's, ^c, for Food. 
Our fifhing Utenfils were long Canes for fifhing 
Rods, and Cotten Lines, which they made and 
twifted fo well, that I think they exceeded any of 
our Hemp or Flax Lines made in England^ both 

L^6' ] 

for Strength and Durablenefs , we made ufe of 
Stones, for want of Lead, to fink our Lines, 
and did well enough, becaufe in moft Places 
where we fifh'd on the Rocks, there was little or 
no Tide run. 

Our Hooks, as I hinted before, were made by 
the old bungling Smith, of old Nails ^ though I 
generally made my own Hooks, and alfb for the 
Family, whereof I now was a Member j for I 
could borrow a Hammer and a File of the old 
Farrier, as they calfd him, whenever I would, and 
I think my Hooks far exceeded his , but a bended 
Iharp-pointed Nail, without any other Prepara- 
tion, would have been fufficient ; for the Fifh in 
thofe Parts were fo voracious, that if you were 
not very watchful, and quick, they would fwal- 
low the Hook down into their Belly, which they 
feldom let them do, endeavouring always to hook 
them in the Mouth, to prevent their cutting their 
Lines with their Teeth, as almoft all the Fi(h there- 
abouts have large and (harp Teeth, rather like 
ravenous Land Animals, than our Fifh on the 
Coaft of England ; and when at any Time they 
hale a Fifti up that hath fwaJlow'd tne Hook, if 
it fliould chance to cut the Line and efcape, they 
would blame the Fifherman, and impute it to his 
want of Skill, or Carelefinels, or both. 

Our Bait was generally Crabs, which they were 
very dexterous at catching • and when we could 
not catch Crabs, we us'd to take Limpits, or any 
other Shell-Fifh we could get upon the Rocks ; 
and when we had caught a Fifn, we generally 
made Bait of that ; though Crabs was the belt 
and fureft Bait we could ufe. 

They always brou2;ht Wood down with them 
for Firing, which they gathered as they went 
along, to boil our Fifti, and roaft our Pompion, 
&c. with, and ufed to be out fomexXm^^ ^x^^ 

S3 ^^^^ 

four, five, or fix Days, according as we caught 
Filh, or our Inclinations led us. 

They gathered Salt on the Rocks, which wad 
made by the Heat of the Sun, of the Sea-Water, 
lying in the Holes of the Rocks, being either 
caft up in the Hollows of the Rocks by the Spray 
of the Sea beating up againft them when it blew ^ 
or when it was a clear Sun-fhine Day, at high 
Water the Sea would fill fbme Hollows of mo 
Rocks i and after the Sea was fallen, before it 
came up again, it would all, if the Hole was 
fliallow, be a dry Salt ; but if deep, then the . 
Salt would lie at the Bottom ; or, if too deep, 
thofe Hollows that the Sea flow'd up to, could 
iiot, in lo (hort Time, kern any Salt ; but thofe 
Hollows or Holes which were above the flowing of 
the Sea, and fiU'd with Water, I have known it 
all converted to Salt, or rather all the Water ex- 
hal'd by the Sun, and only the Salt left in the 
1 ole 9 and have oblerv'd it two Foot thick of 
Salt, and to the Quantity of about four Bufhels, 
or more, in a Hole' which did' not exceed five or 
fix Yards fquare. 

I am apt to think, that there is a certain Qua- 
lity in fbme Rocks that helps, and in others, that 
hinders the Salt's kerning , for in fome I have 
leen Water that has flood fo long, that it has 
been all vapourM away, leaving behind only a 
Sediment as muddy Water does, but very felt, 
and fometimes a thin Cruft lying on the Sediment, 
Ibmething refembling the Crufl, or Cream that 
lies on the Top of the Water, when you wafh or 
purify Tartar, and commonly - call'd Cream of 
Sartar^ but extreme fait and fbong, even to a 
Corofivenefs ; whereas other Rocks fliall y^eld one 
third or one fourth Part of Salt, in Proportion tq 
jthe Qujintity of ^^ter contain'4 in thoie Hollows, 

The Natives us'd to get their Salt in a Readi* 
nefs firft, as much as they thought liifficient for. . 
that Day's Ufe, and then all Hands went to fiih-i 
ing 3 and in the Evening they us'd to gut, Iplit, 
and fait what they caught, and let them lie in thcf 
Salt in Heaps all Night, and in the Morning, 
after the Sun was up, they Ipread them in the Sua 
to dry, turning them as occafion requir d ; and 
when they were hungiy, they drefi'd feme Fifli 
and Pompion, which we never wanted whenever 
I Happened to be with them ^ but if not, they 
very leldom carryM any, contenting themfclves 
with a little boil'd or broil'd Fi(h while abroad, 
and that feldom ofiner than once, towards Night, 
after they had done fifhing. 

At thofe Fifhing-places which were eafy of Ac- 
cefs, and often frequented by them, they ufed to 
leave an Earthen Pot, which was free for any to 
ufe who came a fifliing, and that for the Sake of * 
the Fifli-Broth, which they efteem much beyond 
ally Broth made of Flefli. 

At Night they repofe themfclves in the HpUow • 
of the Rocks ; being always careful not to lie 
exposed to the felling of the Night-Dew ; and 
they would gather dry Grafi, ^c. and bring it 
down to lie on. 

When we had caught Fifh enough, or was tir^d 
of our Sport, and had a Mind to go to Town, 
they would fend one up for an Afs, to come as 
far as it could, and the reft would bring the Fifli 
up at their Backs to the Place where the Als was, 
which they loaded with it up to Town ^ and they 
would always oblige me to ride down as far as the 
Beaft could go, which was alfo brought for me 
to ride on up again^ with the Afi that was to carry 
the Fiih up. 

S 4 Whqn 

When we were come up with our Fifli, they 
tis*d to fend to their Friends and Relations fiich a 
Quantity as they thought fit, who us'd to do the 
lame to them again : And this was our Manner of 
fifhing at the Ifland of St. Johns. 

One Thing I forgot to obferve, that.we always, 
each of us, was provided with two Lines, one, 
which was the finaller, we had fix'd to our Fifhing- 
Rod with a little Hook, for catching the lefler 
Fifli, and had our large Lines and Hooks ready 
by us, when we faw a large Fifh, which we fear'd 
would be too heavy for our finall Hooks and Fifh- 
ing-Caness and fbmetimes, when Fifh did not 
bite, they would Iwim away to a more convenient 
Place, wnen they could not otherwile get along 
for the Smoothnefs and Steepnels of the Rocks, 
and iwim baqk again with a much larger Quantity 
of Filh, than they could carry on the dry Land, 
or be able to hale out of the Water without 

As to their Hunting, the Privilege of killing 
the wild Goats is intirely the Governor's, without 
whoft Leave, no one dare hunt , and this was a 
I^w made by the Portuguefe when they firft peo-* 
pled thefe Iflands, and put a Breed of Cattle on 
them, to prevent the Breed from being utterly 

This is the principal Privilege or Advantage the 
Governor hath ^ who alio commands the Peace, 
and decides the little Differences which fometimes 
happens among them, and can, upon their not 
iubmitting to his Decifion, confine them till they 
do, in an open Place, wall'd round like the Pounds 
which are in fbme Parts of England for imprilbn- 
ing Cattle, when they are caught trelpaffing on 
their Neighbours Ground ; but inftead of a Gate, 
they generally lay only a Stick a-crofi, and thofe 
iwiwfnt Criminal wiU ftay there, yrithout at- 

tempting to go out, as if they had been in the 
fecureft Prilbn in the World ; except when fome 
of the higheft Ipirited amongft them, happening 
to be overcome with Paffion, and inlpir'd wim 
Revenge againft thofe that have oflended them, 
fly out in their Rage ^ who, however,, as fbon as 
caught again, are, by the Governor's Order, ty'd 
Hand and Foot, and a Centinel is fet to watdi 
them, and prevent their efcaping again, till they 
agree with their Antagonift, ask the Governors 
Pardon for going out of Prilbn without being 
clear'd, and remain in Prilbn liich a Space c£ 
Time, as the Governor thinks his Crime hath de- 
ierv'd , which is the utmoft Punifhment the Go- 
vernor hath Power to inflid : Nay, if one kills 
another, which hardly happens in an Age^ all the 
Governor can do, is to confine him till he pacifies 
the Relations of the Deceased by the Mediation of 
his Friends, who are bound for the Criminal's 
Appearance, when a Judge comes authorized firom 
Portugal to do Juftice : Which never has been 
yet, as far as I could learn from the Natives. 

Sometimes when it is a Imall Crime, efpecially 
if it be a lenior Perlbn, the Governor confines 
him only in his own, or Ibme other Houfe ; and 
this is reckoned a great Favour ^ for to be impri- 
Ibn'd, is accounted fuch a great Scandal among 
them, that Tyburn itfelf is hardly (6 much dreaded 
by our Criminals in England^ as thole open Pri- 
fons are by them. But to proceed : When the » 
Governor has a mind to make a general Hunt, all 
the Iflanders are fummonM, and all the Hunting- 
Dogs are call'd. Thele are between a Beagle and 
a Greyhound, not unlike the Mungrel Greyhounds 
we have in England^ but Ihorter legg'd, and clum- 
fier, with large Ears hanging down. 

At Night, or when the Governor thinks fit to 
leave off Jhunting, they meet all togjsthat^ a.wi tbfc 

C i6& ] ■ 

GovtTTior parts the Venilbn among them as h^' 
pleaies, fending what he judges proper to his own 
Houfe, with all the Skins ^ and after he comes 
home, he fends a Piece to one, and a Piece ta 
another, of thofe that are old, or that were not 
out a bunting • and the Skins he diftributes among 
tfaem as he thinks convenient, or as their Neceffity 
requires, referving the Remainder of the Skins 
for the Lord of the Soil. 

;lhey have a Report, that the King of Portu-- 
gal has lately given their Ifland to one of the 
Xadies of his Court : But how; they came by this 
Iii£>rmation I never could tell 3 however, moft of 
the He-Goat S kins were laid by for her, in a Houfe 
built for that Purpofe, according to their Report, 
ever fince the Portuguefe firft brought them hither, 
and which is call'd by them Cafa de Fazendoj (i, e, 
a Warehoufe). And here they have lain fo long, 
that many of them, as I obferv'd, were almoft 

Sometimes the Governor hunts for his private 
Diverfion, and then he fends only to fuch a Num- 
ber, as he thinks fit, to accompany him , and 
fometlmes he only fends, and does not go a hunt- 
ing himfelf i and then, all the Venifon is brought, 
together with the Skins, to his Houfe, where he 
diftributes it as he thinks fit ; and there is none 
allowed to keep Hunting-Dogs but whom he li- 
cenfes, and thofe are call'd Cauffadors^ or Huntf^ 

I made Enquiry from Time to Time when any 
Ship had toucn d on the Ifland, and was informed, 
that only two Ships had touched there in feven 
Years Time, the one an Englifhman^ who bought 
ibme Hogs of them, and the other a Portuguefe^ 
who anchored in a Bay calfd Terrier^ and landed 
his Cask to fill Water, but was blown ofi^ and left 
his Water-Cask behind him i as alfo one Black, a 

Native of St. Nicholas^ who iwam from them^ 
and gave an Account, that they had Ibmc morr 
of his Countrymen on Board, whom they were. 
carrying to J5r^y?/ for Slaves. 

Mr. Franklin and the reft informid^ me, that 
French Ships often us'd to touch at St. Philsp% 
and now and then a Ship came to trade there for 
Mules, and that the French frequently us*d to comC 
over in their Boats to buy Fowls and Hogs 5 but 
of late Years they had difcontinu'd that Practice, 
which made them conclude, either that no Shipa 
had been there trading lately, or that they lup- 
ply'd themfelves better at St. PbiUp\ than they 
could at St. Jobn^s, 

Hereupon, I would fain have had the Governor 
to let me mend up his old Boat to go over to St. 
Philtp\ and offer d to be the Carpenter myieif^ 
and alio to find Nails^ which, as I mentioned be- 
fore, I had a great Quantity of, and likewife to 
make her Sails of my Jib, &c, but he would not 
confent to it. For fear^ he faid, that I Jhould covw 
to any Mifchance^ by Reafdn the Boat was fmall^ 
and the Wood n:ery much decaf d and rotten : Jfc* 
fides^ be bad beard^ he iaid, that the Channel be^ 
twecn St. John J and St. Philip V, was <v€ry turhu^ 
Unt^ with great Seas^ ftrong Currents^ and violent 
Gales of Wind. All which was very true ; yet I 
would freely have run the Hazard, if the Gover- , 
nor would have let me mend his Boat ; but he 
ftiU deny'd me for the Reafons above mentioned ; 
but however told me, If I underfiood bow to build 
a VeJJel^ J might build one new^ large^ and ftrongj 
there being li^od enough on the Ijlana^ and be doubts 
ed not but all the Inhabitants likewife would affift 
fne^ as much as they were capable : Jbtd^ cont*nu*d 
he, Singore Carolos bath often told us^ that he 
could but Id any Veffel^ if be bad Conveniencies : 
fiow you have Naifs emmgb fo buM a Idryi V^^ti^ 

[ i<!8 ] 

/ helievej and we have three or four Hatchets 
among us^ and you ba've an Adz which was favd^ 
and you need not do any of the laborious Work^ but 
leave that for us^ and you^ and Singore Carolos 
only do that Part of the Work which , our Ingenuity 
won^t reach to. We have Wood enough^ and} ever al 
cf us can handle a Hatchet^ fo as to cut down Fig" 
urees^ fplit them^ and hew Boards out of them^ and 
I will engage to provide you with Boards enough^ 
cr what other Sort of timber you would have , and 
my Brother^ who put up the Bed for me^ who^ I 
told you^ had been at St. Jago, is a good Carpenter^ 
th^ I wortt pretend to fay^ lihs your White Car pen-" 
ters ^ but yet he can work very well^ and makes 
iUmcfi all our Doors on the I/land, and has be fides 
made Stools for the Padre, which alfo feveral others 
en the Ifland can do ; and the Chair which you have 
feen at the Padre'j Houfe^ Jhews that he is a Work- 

I told him, / was afraid I Jhould not have Nails 
enough ; (having only fix or feven hundred broken 
and whole, befides a great many large Spikes, 
ibme Bolts, and other Iron-work, which they had 
fevM. He laid. He thought I was the bcft Judge 
in that Cafe ^ and that if I wanted^ I could i7tfiru£i 
the old Farrier^ who was alfo ingenious of himfelf 
fo as to make me feme Nails out of the old Iron. 
Buty faid he, you Jhall promife me to make one 
large enough to carry you over the Channel of St. 
Philip'y fafely without any Danger^ and that cannot 
'be lefs than twice the Bignefs^ at leaft^ of my Boat ; 
therefore^ continued he, you fhall not make, her lefs 
than twice as longj and twice as hroad^ and twice'y 
or more^ as deep as mine was^ that the great Sea^^ 
in pafjing over the Channel^ may not be able to fill 

Why^ laid I, to make a Boat t\ Ice the Lengthy 
Sreadtby and Depth of yoKrs^ would he to make 

cne a ^eat many T'imes bigger than your Boat ; but 
all the Geometry that I was Maftcr of, could not 
convince him or that. 

So at laft we ccmcluded to build j and when we 
had taken a general Survey of the whole Ifland, 
to find what Tools were on it fit for our Occafion, 
we mufter'd- up three finall Hatchets, a Thing 
like a Butcher's Cleaver, two Gimblets, one about 
the Size fit for a twenty-penny Nail, the other a 
very large Spike Gimblet, a finall Pin-mall, one 
Claw Hamn^er, one like a Cobler*s Hammer, and 
a double-headed Hammer about three Found 
Weight, befides what the Smith had. 

So after we had fully concluded upon the Mat- 
ter, all the Inhabitants were fiimmon*d to meet 
before the Governor's Houfe, which accordingly 
they did, the Governor making a Speech to them, 
fliewing them the Caule for which they met, and 
how charitable and good a Work it was to affift 
me, and withal, how it would redound to their 
Credit, ^c. 

They anlwer'd, i'hat he could not he more ready 

to asky than they to grant ^ and that they were wholly 

xit my Call^ when and where J pkas d^ and that I 

might always command them as my Servants and 

Slaves, ^hey were very forry^ they faid, to think 

of my leaving them ; but when they confiderd how 

mean I livd here^ both for Food and Raiment^ as 

well as perhaps the Want of other things which they 

might be ignorant of^ they could not be fo unjuft as 

to defire me to continue in that Mifery^ which they 

were fenfible I underwent while there with them : 

Sthat they wijh^d their I/land yielded thofe Necejfa" 

riesy as well as Pleafures and Delights^ which my 

Country did^ and then perhaps they wr^uld keep me 

with them per Force^ and think they did not wrong 

me ^ buty as it 7«rj, they could not in Keafon per^ 

. tuade me^ much lefs force me to ^k'j iwitb tfaem. 

[ 270 ] 

I told them, / thanked them kindly^ and hoped t 
psould come back one ^ime or otber^ when I had it 
in my Power to make them fome Retaliation. 

They faid, ^hey delird none^ my good Opinion 
of them was all they wipod J of, and for the Continue 
' ance of that they would do any T'hing that was in 
their Power. Theyfaid, ^hat fince they had but three 
Hatchets, all them that could ufe them, would tak^ 
their ^urns Day by Day, that the Hatchets might 
never be idle, and thofe that could not exercife the 
Hatchets, muft carry down the Boards and Timber, 
after bew^d and a Ittile dryd, to the Place where / 
had a Defign to build the Boat at. 

All this was accordingly put in Execution, nei- 
dier would they let me work at the cutting of the 
Trees down, or fplitting, or hewing them into 
Boards ; but bid me referve myfelf ^gainft I came 
tx> build the Boat, to do that Part which they 
could not. 

They had an Ingenuity peculiar to themfelves 
in flitting the Trees after they felled them, which 
was thus : When they had cut down the Tree to 
that I.cngth which would ferve to work it for a 
Board, which feldom exceeded 7 or 8 Foot, 
though fbmetimes, by Chance, they run 12 or 14 
Foot in Length, they would lay the Piece along, 
and chock it faft with Stones, that it might not 
roll, and then they would chop a Channel, or 
Gutter, as narrow as they could, and deep j after 
which, they would turn the Piece of Timber, 
and right oppofite to the firft, they would di^ in 
another Gutter with their Hatchets, as deep as 
they could, the whole Length of the Piece, and 
then they would get Wedge-like Stones, that 
were lb thick, as to fill up the Breadth of the 
Gutter, before it touched the Bottom ^ then tak- 
ing great Stones, as big as they could lift, and 
ftanding clofe to the Piece of Timber, they would 


C 17» ] 

throw them down with all their Might, on their 
Stone Wedges, which they fo often repeated, till 
the Piece $lit, which would not be long, pro- 
vided they made their Gutters deep enough ; and 
they would be fure always to fplit as ftraight a^ 
they made their Gutters. After they had fplit their 
Piece of Timber, they would hew away the flat 
Sides as even as they could, which, for the moft 
Part, was pretty tolerable ^ and then they would 
hew away the other Side, 'till it was of the Size ' 
which I ordered them, which was Two Inches • 
for they could not be expeded to hew them £> 
ftraight, or even, as a Saw would cut^them ; not 
could I ever get them to hew by a Line 5 for 
though, they faid, that might be a Guide to 
*W hites, yet, they never being ufed to it, it rather 
hindered them, than any ways helped them to 
cut ftraight. 

After we had got a good Quantity of Boards 
made, there fell out a lucky Hit to help our De- 
fign, which was a large Piece of Wreck, drove 
down clofe along the Illand, on the North- Weft 
Side, and by the Current fetting round, brought 
it under the Lee of the Ifland, and, by good luck, 
the Sea Breeze fetting in, brought it to the Shore 
near a Place called Scioy where fome^ People were 
fifhing, who made fhift to fecure it, while they 
fent others to get more Help, and call me, they 
thinking it had been a whole Veflel, and that I 
could contrive fome Way to free her, and fit her 
up to go to my own Country in. 

I faw it was only a Piece of a Ship's Quarter, 
but had no convenient Place to hale it afliore to 
lecure it there, becaule of the Rocks 3 wherefore 
they propofed to float it down to Scio^ unlefs they 
met with any convenient Beach to hale it aftiorc 
Upon before j fo they made faft Lines to it to tow 
it by, and launching it off clear of the Wafti o€ 


C V2 3 

die Sea, away they Iwam with it, to the Number 
of between 30 and 40, and, with great Difficulty, 
got it into a little Cove, between Scio and Pi/l 
carree Picuana^ where they haled it to the Shore ^ 
from whence they fent to inform me of it. 

I made all the Hafte to them that I could, and 
finding we had not Help enough, I fent up to 
the Governor and Prieft for more, which they 
procured, and came down themfelves ; and at the 
feme Time, I fent for Ibme Ropes that had been 
left where I had been Shipwreck^, with which 
we haled it up as high as we could, and went to 
work to br^k it up as well as we could with Stones, 
inftead of Mails ; and faved all the Nails, Iron- 
Work, and all the Plank and Timber which we 
could ^ and after Two Days working upon it, 
we got it broke up fb as to be able to hale all 
of it that we thought would be to our Purpofe, 
clear of the Sea, which afforded us a good (^an- 
tity of Boards, Timber, Nails, Spikes, Bolts, 
with all the Mizen Chain Plates, Bolts, v/ith the 
Mizen Maft, and Handing Rigging, the which I 
concluded fhould be my Keel, and refolved upon 
this Cove to be my Building-Place ^ {o after wc 
had fecured all that we could, or thought worth 
-fecuring, we'went up to Town, and I would have 
gone about Building forthwith ^ but the Governor, 
and fome others, told me, That I had better let 
them make me Boards enough before I took the 
People ofF from making them ; for that they were 
now fixed at it in feveral Gangs, and if I took 
them off^5 it might be fome Difficulty to get them 
to it again j and that befides, they could not be 
making Boards, If 1 began to build, becaufe there 
were not Hatchets enough for us to work at both j 
befides, the Wood would be drier and lighter to 
work, as well .as to carry down from the Moun- 
tains where they cut them, to the Place where I 



C ^7 3 ] 

tl^figned to build ; and therefore they rightly aa« 
vifed, it would be better to let them cut Boardii 
and Timber enough, and rather more than lefijj 
before J began to build. 

This Advice was not to be neglefted, drid id 
theme^n Time, I got all the Rbpes, Boards, and 
my Boom, which yet remainol at tht Place 
where I w^ wrecked, and every thing elfe that 
I thought might be ot Ufe, to my Building-Place^ 
which was A uhall League froin the Gove where 
I defigned to begin the Woi-k. ^ 

I was not without many Doubts and Fe^rs or 
niy Ability to build this Boat, having never iii 
my Life done any thing of that Kind, nor any 
tiling elfe of Carpenters Work, iand thought to 
myfelf, if I ihould riot be able to go thrdugh 
with it, and efpecially now they had takett ic>. 
jhuch Pains about it, and were all confident 6f 
my Ability (though I all along told them, that I 
never had done any thiilg of that Kind, and wai 
no Carpenter) yet I w2ls afraid it might occalioil 
them to leflen their Efteeip of me, and, berhaps^ 
flight .me , but then I thought to myfelf on thd 
other Hand, that no Man was born ^ Carpenter i 
that it was Neceffity which put Mankind bii 
many Inventions at firft y arid that I h^d a bettei? 
Foundation to go upon, thari any of thofe could 
have, that firft let about it, having feen a Veffel 
begun, and built from the Keel : All thefe Cdrifi- 
derations, I lay, encouraged me to proceed ; arid 
fince I had gone thus far, I thought myfelf obliged 
tb ufe riiy utmoft Skill to compleat it. 

After all was done ready for going to Workj t 
acquainted the Govqf nor, t^c. With my Refblution 
td begin, who wiftied tnfe Succels j and he, and 
ifiy Landlord, aflured me^ that I ftibuid be cdn*-' 
ftantly fupf)lied with Provifictos, ^c. which waa 
fiMill/ per ^med I arid fo ! went diov^tv ^^l^ 

C ^74 ] 

Six or Eight of the beft Carpenters the Iflandl 
afforded, accompanied with others, who empioy'd 
their Time in bringing, carrying, and affifting 
in what they could, and going daily, Ibme of them, 
to the adjacent Rocks to fifh for us that ^f ere at 
. Work; for they had all, both Carpenters and 
others, brought down their Fi(hing-Geer with 
them 5 and every Day we had fbme that came 
from Town with Pompion, ^c. who would ftay, 
and let the others go up that had a Mind • fb.that 
we had always Hands enough down ( befides the 
Singores Carpentaras ) to do all the drudging 
Work, as carrying, lifting, and holding, as weu 
as to catch us as much Fifli as we could eat. 

The Governor came down the Day after 
me, and brought a Line with him, which was 
about Twenty Foot long, it being the Length of 
his Boat, and told me. That he underfiood by Sin- 
gore Carolos, that I defigned to make my Boat but 
little (if any thing) bigger than his y which ^ if I 
did not^ he would forbid all the People to affift me 
any farther ; for that he^ and Singore Carolos too^ 
were of Opinion^ ^hat Ifhould only caft my [elf away^ 
through my Earnefinefs to get off the I/land. 

I told bim, / thanked him for his Care^ but 
would ha've him believe^ I knew what was fit to 
'venture iji^ as well as Singore Carolos : And if 
Singore Carolos is fuch an underjianding Man^ iaid 
I, with a little Warmth^ why does not he coim down^ 
that I might hanje his Affift an ce^ to advife and con-- 
tri've how itfhould be ? 

He faid, Singore Carolos was not well^ and was 
'Very forr': that he was not able to come ; but was in 
a great Tear that I would make the Boat fo fmall^ 
the fooner to get finifloed^ and ^t off the Ijlandy that 
Ijhould drown myfelf 


C i^5 ] 

1 ^told hiiri, / would engage to mAki hH i/^ 
ttiougb to go almoft any where in her. 

He faid, ^hen I muft make her many fimes big'^ 
ger than his Boat 3 hut let me make her as big as I 
wouid^ he would engage me Boards^ firnberj and 
m^lp enough. 

1 thanked hi% and asked him, Hofxi big hi 
vsmld have me make her ? 

He faidj At Uaft Stwice as big ds his own Boati 
I told him, / did defign to do that ^ and he de^ 
iited me to fliew him how long I defigned to makd 
the Keel, I meafured off Thirty, Foot, though not 
defigning her nigh that Length, only to fatisfy 
him I and he meafiired with his Line, and finding 
it Ten Foot more than the Length of his Boa^ 
he faid, ^bat would carry but Half as much more 
than that. 

I told him, ^e Way that I Jhould build hef^ 
Jhe would^ at that Lengthy carry Four ^imes as 
much as his Boat 5 but he would not belieVe me : . 
Whereupon, I faid, i'hat if ^ after the Boat was 
built ^ Jhe did not carry abcFve twice as much as his^ 
I would gi've her to him^ and tarry upon the I/land 
till a Ship came. 

Well^ then^ fays he, twill take you at your. 
Word y if Jhe does not carry as much more ds my 
Boaty without the Keel being any longer than the 
Lenph of this Line and Ha^y you aite to fiay with 
us till a Ship comes. 
. Welly Ikid I^ ifs a Bargain. 

So he borrowed a Line from end that Was by* 
and meafured ;he Length, and Half Length ox 
it j and cut it off, and gave it to his Brother^ 
Whd Was one of my Carpenters, and bid bm h6 
fiire not t{> let me make it a bit Jhorter s for hs 
"would not have mi to tah fo much Pains ^ and the 
iTeJJilHot to btjit tQ venture m at lafl. 

. He had brought a Goat down with him, with 
Pompion, and fome Ears of Indian Corn, Milk^ 
and Cufcufe, which he gave urf, and in the 
Evening went away. 

I meafured the Keel out Twenty-five Foot^* 
which, they infifted, was not the Length I had 
propofed to the Governor : I told them, fbey 
Jbouldfee^ "juhen it wasfinijbed^ that I was a better 
Judge of that^ than any one on the Ifland^ affuring 
tbem^ That a Veffel of that Lengthy would carry 
Sl'brce or Four times as much as the Governors 
Boat ; and that if we made it any higger^ for want 
ofN.ji/Sj and other Neceffaries tofafien and fe cure 
Irr^ the n:ery ffeight and Bulk of her^ would make 
Icr liable to he ftaved to Piece s^ the firfi Sea that 
jbc encounter d with. 

They anfwered, 9%ey believed what Ifaid to 
/r tme^ and wasfure I htew better than the Govern 
v:Ty cr iwy^lody elfe on the Ijland^ even than Sin- 
gore Carolos ^ a^id therefore ^ as it was I that was 
t: venture in I tr^ J ought to do her my own JVay ; 
4ud ttjt II \:y zcbicb J tbcygbt was fecureft. 

I dcnrtvl them not to tSke any Notice to the Go^ 
irrKrr^ h^r thit Jbe -zcJs as big as he would have 
ter^ TsJJ Jbtr f.mfued : IVhich^ they faid, they 
^KHiki not. 

I went on with my Work, but was at a fad 
Lofs for a Saw, which fbme of them hearing me 
talk of, faid. There was an old Saw on the Ifland, 
but they thouglit it would not cut ^ I defired 
them to get it for me, and it might be that I 
could Iharpen it ; they laid, they would , lb I bid 
them to borrow alio, one of the Smith's Files, and 
bring it down with the Saw ; which they accord- 
ingly did the next Day. 

The Saw was very old, but it was not alto- 
gether lb much eaten with Ruft, as one might 
have cxpe6led it to be^ havbg been kept dry ; and 


r ^77 ] 

in thofe hot Countries, if Irpn be kept from the 
Dew and Dampnefi of the Sea^ it will laft a long 
Time before it decays with Ruft. 

I fharpened it with the File, and fet it as welt 
as I could, fb that I made it cut tolerably well, 
which they all much admired at, laying, i'hat 
none of the People on the Ifland^ could find the IVay 
to make the. Saw Jharp , and that they believed^ 
it exceeded the Ingenuity of Singore Carolos^ 
though he was very ingenious^ and^ till I came 
among them^ they thought no-body could go beyond 
him ^ but they faw^ as they faid, / could far out^., 
ftrip him J as be out-Jlripped them. 

I told them, ^hat Singore Carolos was an inge^ 
nious Man^ and^ as I might do fome things better 
than he J fo I did not doubt ^ kut he could do a great 
many Things better than L 

Noy they iaid, they would not believe but I could 
do every thing better than Singore Carolos, ^c, 

I believe I had nigh half finiflied, before Mr. 
pranklin came down to me, and he had been 
ailing all the Time. He told me, ^at if he had 
heen well^ to have been with me at the Beginning 
to have affifted me^ it would^ he believed^ have 
been fomething more forward ; but that the People 
were fo unwilling that Ifbould go from them^ that 
they Jeernd fome of them to fay^ ^hat he was partly 
the Advifer and Contriver of my making this Boat ^ 
And fome of them^ fays he, owe me an III Will 
about it y but the lefs for my not being with you 9* 
for that other-fome believe it to be wholly your own 

I tol4 him, IVhen I went up to ^own^ I would 
clear him of all that^ and thought^ if it was fo^ 
that he had better go up to ^own again^ to avoid 
their caufelefs Sufpicion. 

T i He 

[ 178 ] 

V He (aid. Now he was come down^ he would fi ay 
4nd ajjifl me ^wo or ^bree Days. 

I toid hitn, Ijhould he very glad of his Company ^^ 
frovided it would not be prejudicial io him. 

He faid. For a Bay or ^wo^ it could not^ atid 
his 5time among them would not he long ; for b3 
had determined^ he faid, to go with me in the 

And, indeed, he had given me this Afliirance 
before, which was one great Reafbn of my build-i 
ing her ; for to have a Boat without Hands, would 
have been the lame, in effed, as to have no Boat 
Ot all. 

The Perfbn alio, who had Iwum away from 
the Portuguefe Ship when it put into this Illand 
from St. Nicholas^ had promifed to go with me s 
and likewife thofe that came with me from St. 
Nicholas ; as alio Domingo ; and {o did feveral 
others, whom I had no great Dependance on, 
though I had on thofe I have now mentioned. 

Mr. Franklin loft much of his Credit by this 
Trip, which I was forry for, but could not help 
it ; for he, it feems, had oftentimes laid. That 
he could build, ^c. And as for the fheorick Part, 
he might, I believe, underftand it very well, 
being a Man of a good Genius, as well as a 
Man of Letters, having had, I believe, good and 
Gentleman-like Education ^ but for the Want of 
the Pra6lical Part, he was more awkward than 
my black Carpenters by far, which they prelently 
perceived, and were not a little proud of \t^ 
though I did my Endeavour to blind his Defe<Sl:, 
as much as I could, by telling them, fhat he 
was feehld^ and that bis Hand Jhook^ thro Weah* 
nefs occafioned hy bis Ulnefsy which puffed off well 


C ^79 ] 

By this Time, my black Carpenters wcfo 
grown fb dextrous, that by giving them a Mould 
with them, they would go up and hew me out 
Boards to anlwer the Winding and Rounding at 
the Bow, or abaft, and likewife Timber, and 
would cut or hew any thing to fit, I thought, 
better than I could, though they did not 
think Co themfelve;s 5 but the Witchcraft was, the 
Lines ^^nd Sweeps ^ for I had made me a Pair of 
wooden Cbmpafles, which I fbmetimes uled , and 
I never faw any thing fb wondered at, as at my 
fetting up the Stem and Stern-Poft, becaufe I 
uied a Plummet #0 let them upright. 

I made ufe of the Wreck Boards which we had 
faved, along the Body of the Boat, where it did 
not require much bending or winding -, for they 
were fo dry, ftuborn, and ftifF, that they would 
Iboner break than bend much. 

Our Nails began now to diminifli apace, fb 
that having nailed the Veflel indifferently lecure 
at the Bottom, I was forced to faften only the 
But-Ends, and here and ther^, where Neceflity 
required, was obliged only to pin, or trunnel 
them with our large Spike Gimblet, which, as 
Cafes then ftood, was the beft Shift we could 

The Length at the Keel, was near Twenty- 
five Foot ; the Length between Stem and Stern- 
Poft, Thirty Foot ; Breadth at the main Beam 
Ten Foot ^ Depth about Four Foot Ten Inches ; 
I laid a Half Deck abaft, a little above Eight 
Foot in Length ; a Fore-caftle from the Stem-aft, 
fbmething above Seven Foot ; I laid in Four 
Beams that I double kneed, fattening the Knees 
with Spikes ; the main Beam had Three Knees at 
each End, whereof one of them was a ftanding 
Knee ; I bolted them with fbme of the finalleft 
Bolts pointed, and boring the Length of our 

T 4 ^^^^ 

Spike Gimblet, we forced the reft by driving the 
Bolt red hot. 

'" Aftqr we had skinn'd her, there wereftill Boards 
enough to deck her ; but for y/ant of Naiis 
(which, at the latter End of our Work, grew fb 
icarce, that w^ were forced to make life of all 
(he broken Points of Nails) I frequently took a 
iPoint of a Nail, which was but little more in 
Length, than the Thicknefs of the Plank, and 
after 1 had drove it up, I drove a broken Stump 
of a N^il upon that, till I had drqve it half way 
3n the Plank, to fake the better Hold of the 
Timber. ^ 

What now concerned me moft, was how to 
piake her tight : I had Ibme old fpare Ropes, of 
which I made Oakum , but 1 found Cotton and 
Mofs did bptter : My Method to try how the 
fCaulking held, was in the Evening, after we had 
left off Work, to heave Water hard againft the 
iSeams within Side, and where I perceived the 
Water to go through, I caulked it over again, 

I finilhed my Maft, and fixed the Rigging ; . and 
the Pieces of the Jibb of my former Sloop made 
jne a Main-Sail, but too narrow by a Breadth and 
a half; but there was no Help. 

My Fore-fail and Jibb, were patched out of 
the Pieces of the Main-Sail, and of Cotton Cloth, 
Which was given me by the Natives, fome contri^ 
buting one Piece^ fbme another ; fome bigger, 

My Poom I made of my old Gaff, by fcarfing 
9 Hand-fpike to it. 

My Rudder Irons, I ;nade thus ^ I got Three 
Eye-Bolts, and with heating, I fharpened their 
points, arid drove them into the ^tern Pofl:, up 
p the Eyes, which flayed ip the RoQm of Braces^ 
pr Gudgeons^ call them whipl^ you pleafe. 


My Pintles were made of broken Bolts t hat ha d 
loft their Heads, which I bended thus ] , 

and having pointed one End I drove it into the 
Rudder, firft making a Way for it with my Spike* 
Gimblet, for fear of fplitting my Rudder. 

Having got every thing in order, and fixM, I 
was refblv'd to ma^e a Trial of her, tho' I much 
leared my Caulking would come out at Sea, hav- 
ing nothing to bind or fecure it with ; and ac- 
cordingly feht Word up to Town that I was all 
ready, and defir'd they would come down, and 
lend their Afliftance to launch the Veflel, which 
the more Help we had, would receive rfie lefi 

Accordingly they all came down, with the Prieft 
jand Governor, and fbnte Women. 

Two or three Days before, four of the Blacks, 
with Nicholau Verd^ went and made faft a Rope 
to my Anchor, which lay in the Salt Point Bay^ 
and not only that, but haled the Palm out from 
under foine Rocks that it was hook'd in, and fwan^ 
it, I believe, a Stone's Caft, or better, and let it 
go again when they faw it clear of Rocks : I was » 
lore a to take their Words for their ynhooking it 
from the Rock, but being on the Tops of the 
Rocks over-head when they did it, I was an Eye- 
Witnefi of their bringing it up to the Surface of 
the Water, and floating it away {o far ; which I 
was very much furprizM at, believing it impoffible 
for four Times the. Number to have fuftain*d the 
Weight of the Anchor, which, befides thq Stock, 
was two hundred three quarters, and the Stock 
then being fb much Water-lbaken, could not 
>veigh much lefs than one hundred Weight. 

The People, as I faid, being all come down, 
^e launched her very well j but (he made a prodi- 
gious Quantity of Water, as much as two Hands 
ippuld keep free bjr conftantly baling, I ftopp'd 

C i«i ] 

ftveral Places where it weep'd in ; but could fee 
nothing of a conftant Leak, except under three 
of the Floor Timber Heads, which I couJd not 
come at to ftop, neither did it feem to me that 
half the Water that we baled out, could come ini 
at all thofe Places where we difcoverM it to leak ; 
however, I chinch*d it as well as I could ; and 
then I confulted with Mr. Franklin which was the 
beft Way to come round to Fuurno^ that being the 
beft Place on t;jie Ifland to take in Provifions, and 
to hale her aftiore at, there running, in fine Wea- 
ther, but littlp Surf, or SuflT as Seamen call it, in 
that Place ^ and I propofing to take up the Anchor 
in the Salt Point Bay in my Paflage to Fuurno^ 
which I could not do without the Veflel : But 
withal, it was fonething hazardous to attempt 
that Way, for fear the Veflel would not work, 
which one might reafbnabjy doubt, confidering 
the Builders and Tools, as alio the Smallnefs of 
the Sails, which tho' fb well cut as to ftand tolera- 
bly well, yet were little more than half enough 
for the Veflel j and if we ftiould, by that Way of 
Proceeding, put off of the Ifland, it would be 
in a manner, impoflible to fetch the Ifland of 
St. Philip\ and then we ftiould be exposed to 
the wide Ocean, and have a long Run before we 
could fetch any Land, in a leaky and <^en 
Boat, and with very little Provifions. 

I had indeed made me a wooden Hillickj which 
I faften'd to a Stone, as the Newfoundland Fifliing- 
Shallops ufe, by Means of my Shrouds, which I 
had lav'd, and now ^liced together, to the Quan* 
tity of about 25 Fathcwns 5 but I did not think 
this fiifficient to fupply the Place of an Anchor, 
which made me very defirous to recover tihat in 
Salt Point Bay. 


C *8} 3 

Mr. Franklin advis'd me Jtot to run fuch a Ha-^ 
Zard on the Account of gettm the Ajtchor ; and 
faid. He helievd I might get one more fttitahle for 
W ^ejfel^ and alfo with a new Hawfer to it^ which 
the Portuguefe had left behind him at Ferrier, when 
Toe was blown off from the I/land^ and left bis IVatet 
Cask behind him. 

I told him, ^hat would do better^ if we could 
find the Anchor^ tho I fupposd the Hawfer would 
not be much worthy after it had lain fo long in the 

He laid, ^hat he wets on Board the Portuguefe 
Ship when the Anchor was carry! d outy and that it 
was but a fmall Hatch Anchor^ and the Hawfer 
was neWy and he was fure it could he found ; and 
that feveral of the Blacks^ as well as he^ knew 
whereabouts in the Bay it lay : fhat it had a Buoy 
to it ^ but the Buoy Rope was fo fhort^ that it did 
not reach the Surface of the Water at low tVater^ 
hut mi^t be feen under IVater in fine Weather. 

Hereupon we askM ibme of the Blacks, whp 
told me, ^hey had feen the Buoy fince I had been 
on the Ifland^ and did not know but it might be 
there yet , but whether it was or noty they were fur^ 
they could fi}id the Anchor. 

The Negro who had fwam off from the Portu-' 

guefey told me, ^hat he was on Board of the Por-^ 

tuguefe when he drove off : ^hat his great Anchor 

came home^ and the Hawfer broke at the Windlace^ 

or fomewhere within Board ; /or, he faid, he coul^ 

not tell me fo clearly y not knowing the proper ^erms j 

hut he was fure the Hawfer broke withiny and that 

there was a great deal of it left with the Anchor :■ 

Sthat when they moord with the fmall Ancbory it 

was let go in Shallow Watery and the Buoy bore ; 

hut when the Gale of Wind came oUy that fha 

brought home the great Anchory the little Anchor^ 

f0me hmify and, drazgd into deeper Water -^ fh 

that the Buoy Kope heing Jhort^ it did not hear ^ aiujl 
when he found that the Ship was driving out to Sea^ 
he jump a over Boardy and [warn ajhore : And that 
fever al times fince^ he had feen the Buoy^ &c. aTtd 
wa^ furfi he could find the Anchor ^ unlefs it was 
' iur/d in the Sand^ tho^ there was no Buoy to it. 

Hereupon I concluded to go round by the F<?r- 
per to the Fuurno ; for that Way I run no Hazard 
of being blown off^ by Realbn I always had fbme 
of the Ifland to L^ward of me s but whether it 
was my laying open the Danger of being blown 
off by going the other Way, or how, I can't 
tell ^ but Mr. Franklin found Means to excufe and 
put off his going with me in the Boat till I got to 
Vmmoy and then too, as you ftjall hear in the Se- 
quel of the Story. 

I prepared eyery Thing ready, and made four 
Oars, by fcarfirig two Pieces together in each Oar, 
for I could not get Pieces long enough without do- 
ing lb ; and being a calm Day, we rowM along 
Shore, and got to Ferrier Bay very fafe, and with 
very little Trouble, fave the Labour of Rowing. 

This good Succds, which crowned our firft At- 
tempt, fo encouraged the Blacks, that I believe 
forty, or more, .profFer'd their Service to go with 

When we had been th^re a Day or two, find^ 
ing her ftill continue leaky, I concluded to hale 
her up, and fent up to Town for Help -, who 
accordingly came, and we got her up, and then 
we went to work to put in a good deal of Water, 
to lee where it came out, thereby to difcover all 
the Leaks. 

I found one great Leak, which was a Knot 
Hole, juft at the Scarff of the Stem to the Keel, 
which run as large as a Beer Barrel Tap : I was 
glad when I law it, and ftopp'd that, and the 
•ther L^ks ; but all mv Seams wanted caulkinsr 



C ^85 3 

igain ; for the Oakum and Cotton hanging out of 
the Seams, made a comical Sight at a Diftance ^ 
and what to do I could not tell : However, £ 
made it all in as well as I could ; and intimating 
to ifome of the Blacks, that if I had Tallows to , 
lay on the Seams, it would not only keep the 
Oakum from waihing out, but would alio make 
the Veflel a great deal more tight, they faid, 
S'hey were fure^ if / asJid the Governor^ be would 
order a general Hunting Match ^ and kill a good 
Quantity of Goats ^ and farue the fallow for me. 

So I concluded to leave ibme Hands with the 
3^pa(, to keep her from flirinking by wetting her 
often in the Day, and as the Water leaked out, 
or dry'd up with the Heat of the Sun, to reple- 
nifh it by putting Water from the Sea into hcc^ ^ 
which they promised they would, and I (hew'd 
them how high I would have it kept, ^viz^ to 
cover the Floor Timber Heads, and {o I came up 
to Town ; and as fbon as I had acquainted the 
Governor, he not only promised me what I <le* 
fir'd, but leem'd angry becaufe I was not io free 
as to ask it at firft. I told him, ^hat I had been 
fo troublefome to him^ and all the Singores of the 
Jjland^ that I would not put them to this till I found 
the Necefjity of it^ and Impojfibility to do without 

This was fb far from being a fufEcient Realon 
to him, that he was the more angry, and faid, 
^hat he and all the Singores on the Ijland were at 
my Service^ as well as everything that the I/land 
produc^dj and I had fo many repeated Proofs of it^ 
Jtnce Ihad the Misfortune of being placed there ^ that 
be thought it a great Efult in me to conceal from 
them any thing that I fiood in Need of that the 
Jjland afforded. 


[ z8<5 ] 

Having concluded a general Hunting, fhe^ 
kilfd about 40 Goats , bnt it being the Time o^ 
Year when they yielded but little Tallow, Out of 
them all we did not get, I believe, more than 
ftmr or five Pounds, and above half that was Skin^ 

The Governor ask*d me, if that would do ? 1 
told him. It mufij fince we could not get any more ; 
and that the Gt)ats yielded fo little^ that it was not 
worth while to kill any more • hut would make that 
do for the wotft Places in the Bottom ^ and thanlCd 
him for what he had done. 

He told me, / need noty he hop'd^ douht ^ my 
Jfeing welcome '^ but ask a me. If Cows TalloTxi 
would notfernje inftead of Goats ? I told him, E'very 
hit as well. He ask'd me, IVhether Hogs Fat 
would do? ^l told him, No^ it was fo foft^ that 
with the Heat of the Sun warming the Heater it 
would wajh off. 

He faid. He was forry fat that^ hecaufe the 
Hogs now were fat^ and he could get enough of 
their Fat ^ but was afraid the Cows would yield as 
little Fat as the Goats ; hut however^ he faid, he 
would look out one of the fatteft of all his Cows^ and 
kill ity and according as that pronfd^ or I wanted^ he 
would kill more. 

I thankM him, and told him, / would go down 
and ufe what I had^ and in the mean time^ defird 
him to fend me the Fat that the Cow yielded ; which 
he laid he would : fb down 1 went, taking the 
Negro who Iwam from the Portuguefij with ano* 
ther call'd Fum-fo-roon^ (who alfb had been on 
Board the Portuguefe^ but not when he drove to 
Sea, and had likewile leen the Buoy under Wal- 
ter, fince I came to the Ilknd) and two or three 

When I came down, I found that nly Blacks, 
who I gave in Charge to keep the Boat wet, had 
been very diligent, and I believe had not let her* 

C ^87 3 

iJry in any Part of her all the Time I was abfent, 
infbmuch that flie rather fweU'd than flirunk j bu« 
however, now I was refolvM to let her dry, and 
(brink her Seams, and fo caulk her all over anew 5 
for by caulking her fo much as I had done, I hadt 
improved very much in this Art, fo that I could 
now caulk better, and, as the Caulkers term it, 
make the Oakum not only ftand fairer, but alfo 
firmer ; and fbme of my Black Carpenters were 
not much behind me, tho' I always try*d their 
Work after them. 

My Divers did not feek for the Anchor the firft 
Day, as being weary of their Journey down ; but 
the next Day, to the Number of twelve, they 
fwam off, and I believe might be five or fix 
Hours in the Water before they found it ; and 
were going, to give it over, when Funhfa-roon acci- 
dentally playing with Ibme of the others, at their 
uiual Game of Plunging, and ftriking with their 
Feet, in Imitation of the Tbrejher and Grampus^^ 
Filh, and diving from him that ftruck at him, he 
happened to ftrike againft the Buoy, which was 
about a Fathom under Water, there being fo 
much more Water there than the Length of the 
Buoy Rope. 

He immediately role up, and hollowed out as 
loud as he could, ^be Anchor ! the Anchor ! At 
which they all flock'd about him; and diofe who 
were with me on the Shore, hearing him, and lee-« 
ing the reft flocking to him, they all jump'd into 
the Sea, leaving me alone, and went^ to help 

The Anchor was bury'd in the Ground, which 
is thereabouts a tough clammy ftiff Owfe, or Clay, 
covered over with loft Owle and Sand mixM, and 
jthey were a long Time getting it out of the 
Ground, but at laft did ; and then they attempted 
to get the Hawfer, which lay bury'd in the Owfe^ 

t iSfe 3 

sMld after abundance of ftriving, and lowering thidf 
Anchor down upon the Ground again, to reft, at 
laft they brought it to the Shore, which, from thei 
Place they firft took it up at j wanted, I really be- 
lieve, very little of a Mile. 

I was very glad when I faw the Anchor and 
Hawler, which had been but very little wore, and 
was then frefti and good, being a four Ihch and 
half Hawfer, and about 45 Fathom long. 

Both Anchor and Hawfer were very fit for me^ 
both for Size and Length ^ the Anchor, I believe, 
weighing about ofie hundred and a half. 

I gave them abundtoce of Thanks t They faid, 
J was heartily 'Welcome^ and wijhed tbey could do 
more for m^y &c. 

The fame Evening, the Governor fent me down 
about four or five Pounds of Tallow, and a Piece 
of Beef of about twenty Pounds, and acquainted 
me withal, 9^bat that was all the Shallow the Cow^ 
afforded^ and was the fattefi he had ; hut if I 
thought Ifhould want any more^ and would fend bim 
JVord^ he would fend me down a Cow alinje the next 
Day^ and the Blacks fhould kill and fait it for me^ 
to keep it in the Boat as a Store ^ &c. 

I accepted of his Offer, which I found was the 
beft Way to ingratiate myfelf into his Favour, 
fbr you can^t affi-ont theni worfe than to refufS 
their Offers ; and I made the lels Scruple, becaufe 
I really wanted the Tallow, and the Beef was far 
from being an unneceflary Prefent ^ and accord-^ 
ingly I had one of the fatteft Cows hcJ had, fent 
down, which, in the Cool of the Evenings was 
kiird • out of which I had five or fix Pounds of 
Tallow, and the Beef, which was good fpending 
Meat, we faked, firft cutting out all the Bones, 
except the Ribs, the better to keep it from taint- 
ing, and dryM it in the Sun, 

[ 28? ] 

The Boat being now dry and fhrunk enough, 1 
"Went to work, and caulk'd her as weJl as I could, 
and had as many Blacks as I could truft to help ; 
there being always enow of them down every 
Day, to catch as much Fiih as we could tell what 
to do with, ^nd every one that came down always 
brought fbmething with him, as Pompion^ Water- 
Melon, Banana's, Ears of Indian Gorn, and 
Cufculs, which is Indian Corn firft pounded, and ^ 
then boil'd 6ver the Steam of frefh Water, till it 
becomes a Mafi like boil'd Pudding, and theti it's 
cut or broke in Pieces, and dry'd in the Sun, and 
if well dry'd will keep fbme Months ^ fbmething 
refembling a Sort of Bread (but much coarfer^ 
hiade in the Mediterranean Sea for Seafaring Per- 
ions, as our Sea Bisket is in England y fb that lay- 
ing by what we could not eat, I had a Stock, by 
the Time the Boat was fit to turn into the Water^ 
that a Man might, if the Veflel would have per- 
formed its Part, make ihift v/ith for as great a Run 
as Barbadoes, 

After I had caulk'd all, I got fome Afs^s Dung^ • 
and burn'd it to black Alhes, and while it was 
yet a-fire, I put a Quantity into a wooden Thing 
like a Mortar, which they have there for pound- 
ing their Maiz, ^c. and on that I put a liifficienc 
Qiiantity of Tallow, and made one of the Blacks 
pound it with a wooden Pcftlc, till it was well in- 
corporated, and then it would look as black and 
Ihining as Jet, till it ftiffen d by coolinp; and {land- 
ing ; which again might be made fbft as Putty, 
by beating well in a Mortar. 

The Sei*vice that this black Aflies of Afs*s Dung « 
did, was this, that after T had laid it on the 
Seams, and rubb'd it in well with my Fingers by 
drawing it along the Seam, it would, in a little 
Time, fb harden, that the Sun^ for all his Heat 
there, did not melt it, neither would it wafti off 

[ ipo ] 

again with the V/ater ; befides another Service, a^ 
great as any^ it did me, tho' I did not know any 
thing of it then, which was, that it kept the Fim 
from eating it off the Veflel ; which I came t(3 
find out thus, After we had launched the Boat, 
the Tallow, Ibme how or other, was rubb'd out 
of a Seam, a little below the Water's Edge, 
which, by heeling her, I brought out of the Wa- 
ter, and put fome clean Tallow in the Seam 9 but 
in lefs than half a Day, they eat all that unmin- 
gled Tallow as clean 6fl^ as if there never had 
been any laid there, while they never touched that . 
which I had mix'd with the Alhes. 

After I had as well caulk'd my Frigate as I 
cou'd, and paid all the Seam's Rents, ^c. with 
Tallow and Afi's Dung Aihes, which reach'd no 
higher than the Ballaft Mark, I got her launched 5 
and after 24 Hours fwelling in the Water, fhe was 
tolerable tight, infbmuch, that Morning and Even- 
ing was ftifficient to bale her. ^ 

Having ballafted her, and fitted every Thing 
ready, I waited now only for a moderate light 
Gale to beat round ; and at length I obtained my 
Wifh, and getting every thing on Board, fet fail 
with no lefs than fixteen Blacks, and more would 
fain have accompany 'd me j but I was fadly 
puzzled with my raw Mariners, none of them 
knowing how to bear out the Forefail, to help her 
to flay, nor well hov/ to row with a Lee Oar to 
call her about , fo that every Time I had a Mind 
to put about, I was forc'd to veer, which loft a 
great deal of Ground 4 befides, we were much 
too light, not having Ballaft enough in ; fo that 
by the Time the \Vindward Current was done, 
we had not got above a League to Windward of 
Ferrier^ and were half a League, or fbmething 
left, to Leeward of a little Cove, where I had 
defign'd to have ftopp'd for the next Day's Flood, 


C ^9* ] 

if I could have reach'd it^ but perceiving it was 
in vain to attempt it after the Windward Current 
was done, I was a little concerned at it ; but yet 
was not a little proud that I had gained thus tar, 
and could make fure of where I came from, 
with the Pleafiire of running back again before 
the Wind. 

They did not perceive our lofing Ground fb 
ibon as I did, and would not be perlwaded of it, 
nor of the Difedvantage of a Lee Tide s and 
were very certain, they laid, that I could get to 
the Cove well enough. 

I was willing to humour them, who had fb 
often run the Rifque of their Lives to ferve me, 
knowing that we had Time enough to get into 
Ferrier^ and moor before Night, and could run 
no Hazard of being driven to Leeward of it, 
before it would be evident to them that we loft 
Ground upon the Lee Tide ; and therefore I 
made a Couple of Trips off and on, till they faw 
themfelves that welolt confiderable every Trip, 
and then they freely confented to bear away ^ 
which we did, and anchored and moor'd where 
we did brfbre in the Terrier. 

We were met there by feveral Blacks, who had 
kept on the Hills to fee the Boat work, wh© faid ' 
fhe went bravely, like a Fowl flying for Swift- 

1 took in fbme more Ballaft the next Day, and 
flaid two or three Days ; and having a fit Oppor- 
tunity to my Mind, both for Tide and moderate 
Weather, I beat up, and mjr Mariners being fbme- 
thing more handy than at nrft, fb that they could 
help to ftay her with a Lee Oar, we got, by the 
Time that it was high Water, under the Leeward- 
moft of the little Illands, where I ftopp'd till the 
next Morning ; and taking the Advantage of a 
Windward Tide, I made two or three fmall 

[ ipi 3 

Trips under the Iflands, till we got a-breaft of the 
Windward of moft of them, which I did (the 
Weather being moderate) more to exerciie and 
divert my Mariners, than any Neceffity ; for the 
Wind being far Northerly, as it moftly is there, 
when it's fine Weather, I could have weathered 
the Point of Gbuylungo^ which is the Weathermoft 
Point of St. Johns^ with one Trip. 

Having got the Length of the Weathermoft 
of the little Iflands, 1 bore away afore the Wind 
for the Fuurno^ and arriving there, was welcomed, 
with abundance of Joy, by the Blacks, who had 
all the Day, with inexpreflible Pleafure and Satis- 
fadion, been on the Rocks, feeing us under Sail 
from our weighing, till we got in. 

I moor'd there > and being now iecure, I went 
up to Town to take my final Leave, as I then 
diought, of the Inhabitants, and. to thank them 
for all their Kindnefs to me ; who all contributed 
to fupply me with Provifions, ^c. for the Voyage^ 
with the fame Good-Nature and Chearfulnefs, 
which I. had experienced fb fully on many Occa* 
fion, and ftor'd me with Pompion, Fefhoon, Maiz, 
and every Thing elle that the Ifland afforded, in 
great Plenty. 

Having pals'd four or five Days among them, I 
prepared for my Voyage to St. Philip's^ where I 
was in Hopes to have found an Opportunity of 
getting a Paffage off, fooner than from St. Johns 
Ifland ^ but when I was ready, to my great Sur- 
prize, Mr. Franklin would not go with me 3 and 
gave me fuch Reafons for his Refufal, as I was 
forc'd to acquiefce with. 

I took my little Boy on Board with me, who, 
till. then, had been up at Town, neither had he 
been down v^ith me all the Time that I was build- 
ing the Boat, being too young to do me much 
Service on that Occafion. 


[ m 3 

When he came dowri, the Blacks ask'd him. 
How be lik^d the Boat ? 

The Boy cry'd, and faid. He did not like her 
at all 'y but kmw his Mafle^^ouldhave a better 
when he came home. 

They askM him. If he would ftay with them till 
his Mafter came hack with a better Ship to fetch 
him P 

To which the Child laid. If his Mafier would 
fay thai he' would have him fiay^ and would pro^ 
mife to fetch him away foon^ he would ftay^ but 
otherways would not. 

The Blacks having told me this, I ask'd the 
Boy, to try him. If be had a^ Mnd to live on the 
Ifland ? He laid, Nb, if I would pleafe to carry 
.him with me ^ // not^ be muft flay till fome Ship 
came. Why tben^ lays I, you wofit live here all 
your Life. No^ feid the Boy, // / can any ways 
getaway. IVhy^ laid I, you told the Blacks you 
mjas willing to ftay if I would let you. He faid^ 
He only faid fo for fear of them.' So I told him. 
He Jhould not ftay without he had a Mind : And 
having every Thing ready, and my Mariners, 
which were the two I brought from the Ifland of 
St. Nicholas^ and he that came from St. Nicholas 
in the Portuguefcj and l\vam away from her here, 
with three more of the Iflanders, I unmoor'd, 
and laird from the Fuurno about two Hours be- 
fore Day, taking the firft of the Northern Stream, 
and chofe the Morning Tide, in order to get 
crols the Channel before the Day Gale fet in 
ftrong, which Ibmetimes, as I hinted before, blows 
in violent Flaws down the Ghors ; and that I 
might get into St. Philip's time enough in the Day 
to find a Harbour, or convenient P%e to anchor 
at, being myfelf a perfedt Stranger to that Ifland j 
and being able to make no Reliance on Ntcbolau 
Verd^ who was with me, the' he iavi tWx. \nr ^^ 

C ^94 3 

well acquainted with ^11 the Anchoring-PJaces, as 
well as Landing-Places, which on that Ifland are 
jxot many, having been deceived by him before 
in finding the Fuuf'no^ of which he w:as very po- 
litiye, which was the Occafion of my being ftiip- 
wreck'd on that Ifland. 

We got in to Windward of the Villa^ and run 
down till we came to Fonte de Villa^ which is a 
fandy Bay ; but the Wind being pretty far Nor- 
therly, which is an open Wind there, I would 
not anchor, altho' my Pilot Verd affur'd me that 
was the Road ^ but I was relblv'd to run till I 
could bring the Land to Windward, knowing 
that if the w^orfl caijae, if I could not find a Place 
to fecure the Boat, I could run her under the 
Lee of the Ifland to the Rocks, and lave our 
Lives ; which, had I anchored at Fonte de Villa j 
' the SurfF run fb high, that it would be very ha- 
zardous to efFeft, elpecially as neither the Boy nor 
I could fwim. 

I run down along Shore, and could fee a great; 
Concourfe of People on the Tops of the Clifts ; 
and after I doubled the Point of NoJ[fa Singora^ I 
came into fmoother Water, and much lefs Wind, 
which then blew to Windward, and in the Offing 
very hard. 

This was alfo a fandy Bay, and the Point broke; 
off both Wind and Sea, yet there run a great 
iSurff on the Shore ; however, I haled in, and 
anchor d in fix Fathom Water, a little to the 
Korthward of the Church of NoJfaSingora^ which 
appears fomething lil^o^ a Barn ; the Outfide c£ 
tlie Walls were feemingjy as white as if they had 
been but juft: white-wafli'd, and the Roof was 
cover'd with red Pantiles, as are alfb fbme of the 
Houfes of the Vilk. ' ^ - . • 


C ^95 ] 

As fbon as I came to an Anchor, one of my 
Black Mariners Iwam afliore, to give an Account 
who we were ; and ir\ about half an Hour after, 
two Blacks of the Iflanders fwam off, and brought 
me a Compliment from Singore Capitecn ^bome 
Santee, or a Water-Melon. That Sirgore was 
right aftiore with the Horfe of the Ifland j for 
*our coming had alarm'd them, and the Governor, 
who was a Portuguefe^ and formerly had been 
Governor (or, as they call him. Captain More) 
of a Fort or Faftory belonging to the King of 
Portugal^ on the Coaft of Guinea^ upon their dif- 
coveriDg us bearing towards the Ifland, ordered 
all the Inhabitants to arm themftlves with fuch 
Weapons as they had, to oppofe me if I had been 
an Enemy, or come to rob them ; they having a 
ftrong Averfion to Pirates, ever fince they were 
plundered by one, ,as they relate, about thirty 
Years ago. ^home Santee was Commandant of 
the Horfe, and was ordered by the Goverrior to 
march along the Clifts as far as Noffa Singcra to 
defend the Coaft, in Cafe I (hould attempt to . 
land, before they were latisfy'd what I was. 

The two Men who fwam off, told me, ^h^it 
Singore Thome bid tbem tell rac^ that if I fail'd 
. down a little loisoer^ there was a little Bay called 
Laghate, where J might put the Boat to the Beach^ 
and wade ajljorc^ the Sea being "very fmootb^ and 
little or no Surff nmning there on the Shore ; and 
that Singore Thome had fent them to go with mCj 
andjbew me the Bay. 

So we weighed, and away we went ; and came 
down to the Bay, which was a little Sandy one, 
with a little Point of Rocks to Windward, which 
made it very finooth, the Trade very feldom 
reaching down fo far ; it being moftly calm, ex- 
cept from about 4 P. M. tho' fbmetimes^ Iboner, 
^nd Ibmetimes later, which then would blow i 

U 4 *i\\xjx 

I 196'] 

feint Southerly or South-Weft Breefe till fix or 
fcven at Night, and then fall calm till about one 
or two in the Morning, and then would blow a 
light Breefe, or Air of Southerly Wind ; tho* 
none of thefe Breeies made any thing the more 
Swell or SurfF on the Shore, which, until I knew*, 
I was afraid it w^ould 5 for at the firft coming of 
the Evening Breefes, the Surface of the Water • 
apfpe^irs as if there was a ftrong Gale of Wind 
coming ^ and at the firft is pretty frefh, but comes 
but like a PulF; for by the Time the VefTel isi 
winded to it, it's over ; and then, as I laid before, 
it continues a faint languid Gale, till it dies or 
dwindles away at laft to a Calm. 

By the 1 im6 I had got down and moor'd, 
which I did by laying my Anchor off, and a Rope 
faft to a great Stone afhore, ttie Southerly Breefe 
began to come on, which you might dilcern by 
the Change of the Colour of the Surface of the • 
Water, a pretty Space before it came ; and then 
coming fo fmart at firft, made me not a little fear- 
ful of losing my Boat, which I was not willing 
to do, till I knew whether there w^as any more 
Hopes of getting off this Illand focncr than St. 
Jehus 3 and likewiie how I fhould be received 
and entertained here ^ for my Defign was, if I 
law or heard of no more Likelihood of a Ship 
coming here, than to the Ifland of St. Johns^ 
and elpecialJy if I did not find fo good Reception 
and Entertainment, to have returned back again 
to the Ifland of St. Johns -^ wliich was what I 
was deCr'd to do, and accordingly promised to 
the Governor, and all the People of the Ifland of 
St. Johns, 

1 here were feveral of the Blacks came down to 
this little Bay : They call'd to me, and would fain 
have had me come afhore- but I told them I 
would pot till the Morning. One or two of them 

came off to us, and told me, ^hat Singore Cap- 
tain Thome San tee expelled me up to uowit^ and 
they helievd^ they laid, he had fent the Governor 
IVord fo^ and waited at Nofla Singora to conduli 
me to ^own. 


I ask'd them, If hat Sort of People the I/landers 
were ? and, IVhether the Road from where we lay 
to ^own was good ? 

They laid, i'he People were n)ery kind to StrM^ 
gers ^ that I Jhould have the Coverfation of Bran- 
ca^s, as I was^ &c. aAd that the Road to Town was 
indifferent to pafs at low Water ^ hut a little dange-' 
rous in one Place^ hecaufe of the Stones tumbling 
down ; hut at high Water there was no paffing^ by 
Reafon that the Rocks were fo fieep. 
. I ask'd, How it came that they were not afraid to 
come along ? 

They faid, T'hat they took their Chance ; and 
that it was but feldom the Stones tumbled dowHy 
except in the rainy Seafons. They would fain have 
perfuaded me to go afliore, and lie there the 
Night, where they laid they had ^^good Fire and 
Viftuals 5 but I told them, Iwould JlUy on Board 
to fee how it would he^ and was afraid of the Wind 
which blew almoft right on the Shore^ and hoped it 
would not blow fo hard to raife the Sea^ or put th0 
Boat ajhore. 

They faid, / need not fear that now^ for that 
thefe Winds 7tever held long • and gave me a De- 
fcription of them, as I have above related, as 
nigh as they could. 

Next Morning I went aftiore, and while I wait- 
ed for their roafting Ibme Pompion, ^c. for my 
Breakfaft, came Captain i'home Santee^ accompa- 
nyM with fome others of the Gr^nd Singores of 
the Ifland, and among them the '-^crivan of the 
Singore Capiteen More^ in order to compliment me 
from his Malter^ with the Ofiet o£ Vvvs^oxjSa^^w^ 

C Z98 ] 

all the good Offices which was In his Power to 
ferve me in. 

I thank'd him, and waited on him firft when I 
came to Town, who received me very civilly, and 
from thence Captain f borne took me to his Houfe ; 
and after that I vifited fbpie of the reft of the 
Grandees of the Town, and at Night lay at Cap- 
tain S'bofne% who told me, fbat be was Pate-? 
toon, or J as they alfb call'd it, Procurador, of tbe 
Jfland of St, John, but bad not been tbere a long 
itime : S'bat it was be tbat made Leuonel Gonfalvo 
Governor of St. John ; and tbat if I wanted any 
thing to he done to my Boaty tbere wer^ two Blacks^ 
Nati'ves of Senegal, wbg were font by tbe French 
Factory tbere to France, to learn tbe Art of Ship^ 
iuildingy and were put ajhore bere by tbe Pirates^ 
who bad taken tbem on Board of 4 Fipench Ship 
th^t was carrying them firom France to tbe FaSiory. 

I defir'd to fee them, and they were immei^i- 
itely called ; and, when come, I ask'd them, 
JVbat Countrymen tbey were ? They faid, ^hey 
were of Guinea, and tbat one was born at Senegal, 
tbe otber near Gambio-River, in tbe Kingdom of 
Barrah ^ and tbat from tbeir Childhood they had 
been brought up at tbe French Fa£iory at Senegal, 
and were fent by tbem to France to learn the Car* 
penters Art : ^bat tbey bad been fomething above. 
five Tears in France, at a City called Nants, and 
bad learned fo well in that ^ime^ that they were 
capable to build a Boat^ or fmall Sloops without any 
bodys inftruSling or dire£lng them. 

I ask'd them. If they were willing to go to their 
own Country ? or, Whether they would rather ftay 
where tbey now were P They fmil'd, and laid, 
S'bey would give all tbe JVorld^ if they were Majiers 
of it J to be in tbeir own Country again. 


I a^kM them. Whether they thougfit they could 
fit or improve my Boat fo far^ as to be capable to go 
to Guinea ? and if they could^ I would carry them 
to their own Country. 

They figh'd, and laid, ^hey could not tell ^ 
they hadjeen my Boat^ they laid, when She pafii 
hy the uown the Day before j and {be looked n)ery 
well ; but they believed I was the beft Judge wbe^ 
ther Jhe was capable or not. 

I told them, / knew fhe was not capable of going 
there asjh^ was now ; but did not know but with 
their j4£iftan^e I might improve her fo^ as to be able 
to go there : ^ hat Jhe was big enough^ and was aU 
moji balf-dec/td over ^ and that with their yiffiftance 
and Contrivance we might perhaps deck her all over ; 
but the chief Thing Jhe wanted^was the ftrengtbeHing 
and binding her. 

I then told them the Dimenfions of her in 
Length, Breadth, and Depth ; who anlwerM rac, 
Cfor they had a perfect Idea or our Foot Mealure) 
S'hat the Frenqh Fa£lory at Senegal had feveral 
Sloops that went a trading up the Kiver^ and alfa, 
into Gambio River, lefs than my Boat^ as I called 
i?er^ tho\ they laid, tl^y thought Jhe merited th& 
Name of a Sloop. 

Captain Thome ask'd them. If they would go (yver 
with me to St. John'j, where there was. Wood 
enough^ and every thing elfe^ in more Plenty than 
there ?' 

They laid, They were Strangers here^ and could 
chufe nothing themf^lves ^ but were at the Difpofal 
of the Governor at prefent^ and hpped^ out of Ke^ 
fpe£i to the French Nation^ to whom they belong'dy 
he would not only ufe them well^ as he had done ever 
Jbtce their being on this IJland^ but would^ as he 
had often promis d, make ufe of the firjl Opportunity 
that with Safety oferd^ to fend them to the French 
faSlorjy of Senegal, whereto tbey ^ro^crlj l?e\oYi^d. -^ 

If // 7to fuch opportunity offer d^ to fend them ^ 
any other Part of Guinea, from which they could 
with Safety travel thither ; fuch Parts were Gam- 
bio, Rio Graude, Cacheu, or Sierra Leon, and 
they did not in the leafi douht^ hut the French 
Faiiory would make him a fuitable SatisfaSlion for 
fo doing y and if at any ^ime^ *any belonging to the 
Portuguefe fhould be under the Circumftances that 
they at prefent were^ they did not doubt but the 
French would ufe them with the fame Civility which 
they had hitherto found here^ and ufe Means to have 
tbem fent to where they belong d. 

Captain Thome faid, He did not by any means 
fropofe their going with me to be by the Way of 
Conftraint^ or without the Governor s Leave^ but a^ 
a Thing that might be to their Advantage ^ for if 
they could make the Captains Boat fit to go to 
Guinea, it would be a fufficient Reward^ he thought^ 
for their Pains^ to be put on their own Country 

They laid. So it would^ and more ^ but that they 
thought was impoffible. 

I told them, ^he only JVuy to be certain^ was to 
go and fee the Boat • or ifHhey would go with me 
to the Ijland of St. John, and if when they came 
therCy they found that they could not have Conve- 
niencies to do as we eocpeSied^ or proposed to our^ 
felvesj that I would engage myfelf to bring them 
back to the Ifland of St. Philip again. 

They faid, ^hey were willing to do me all the 
Service they couldy but they had not any ^oolsy ex^ 
cepting one Hatchet. 

I told them, Ihad^ or could get ^ all the Tools 
that were made Ufe of in the building her. 

Buty feid they, where will you get Spikes and 
Nails ? 

I told 

t 3^» 3 

I told them, / had none ^ hut I bad fme old 

Iron left* 

Captain ^bome laid, fbere was a Smitbj who 
could make Nails^ be helien^ed^ and be could pre^^ 
njail with him to go over to St. John'j, and would 
go bimfelfalfo^ if 1 would be fure to bring bint back 
Mtain s for that be bad a great Mind to go to St. 
john'^, to take an Account of what Goat Skins 
Leuonel Gonlblvo, the Governor^ badfaved. 

I told him. I would -y fb asking the Blacks agmn, 
they {aid, Ybat as Captain Thome dejired it^ and 
was alfo refolded to go bimfelfy they only defired^ 
that be J or /, would acquaint the Governor of ity 
which ^ if be approved of^ they would accordingly.^ 

Captain 3*bome zxA I hereupon went to the 
Governor, and acquainted him with what the 
Guinea Blacks had faid, as alfb with Captain 
S'home^s Defign to get the Smith to go, as like- 
wife of his own Refolution ^ which the Governor 
would fain have perfiiaded him from, for fear of 
any unforefeen Accident which might happen, 
£o as not to be able to get back 9 but Captain 
S'bome was fixed in his Refolution, and at lafl^ 
the Governor confente4f 

The next Thing Wfe had to do, was to per- 
fuade the Smith, which he efFedually did 3 and 
then asked me, IVbetber I wanted any thing that 
the I/land afforded ? 

I told him, ihe chief STbing I wanted was 

He laid. He had nothing hut Gotten Cloths^ and 
if they would do me any Goody be would give me 
fome ^ I told him, ^bey would y fb he gave me 
Three White Cotton Cloths 9 and he alfb gave 
me an old rufty Half-Inch Auger, and a Imall 
Gage, which, he faid, had been given him by a 
Frotcb Captain of a Vcflel, which had been a 
trading Ibme Years fince at this Ifland for Mvil^- 

Next Thing we had to do^ was to get Provi- 
fions on Board for the Voyage, which was done 
in a plentiful Manner, fuch as the Ifland afibrded ; 
there were feveral of the Iflanders came to me to 
ask Leave to go with me, after they heard Cap- 
tain S'bome was going y and, not caring to difo^ 
bligfe any of them, 1 turned them over to Cap- 
tain f borne J faying, fbat I left; all to bim j and 
likewife told him, Stbat it would not he convenient 
to carry many. 

He faid. He would ba<ve me do as I pi e a fed ^ be 
would not advife me to carry one^ if I did not ap^ 
prove of it. 

I told him. If any of bis^ or tbc Governor s 
Friends bad a Mind to go^ not exceeding lo or 12, 
I could carry tbem without any great Inconvenience. 
■" He faid. He bad no Friend that be would ask 
tbat Favour for ^ hut one^ and did not defign that it 
Jbould he gratis neither^ for be would make me what 
Retaliation be could^ in any thing the I/land of St. 
Philip afforded^ and would alfo oblige tbem in St. 
John'5, to afjift me in every thing which that I/land 
afforded^ that would he ferviceable to me^ he heingy 
as he told me before, Pataroon or Procurador of 
that Ifland ; and for any-hody elfe that bad a Mind to 
go^ and I thought fit to carry ^ as I wanted SailSy 
and that Cotton Cloths would he ufeful to me^ be 
would have me make every one that went^ pay one 
or two Cloths for their Pajfage. 

I told him, / would leave all that to bis Ma* 

He feid. He would take it upon him ^ which ac- 
cordingly he did, and when we had got all rea- 
dy, and on Board, I weighed from Laghate^ 
about an Hour, or better, before the Northern 
Tide was made, and having the Advantage of the 
Southern Breeze, which lafted us up to die Point 
of Nojfa Singore j which, what with our Sails, 


C 30; 3 

and what with our Oars;^ we arrived at, by the 

Time the Flood fet up to the Northward; 

and then, aft;pr we had opened the Point of 

Nojfa Singore^ we met the Trade-Winc^^, and 

making Two or Three Boards, got the Lengdi 

of Ballcavilier a good while before the Tide was 

done ; but foaring, the Tide being well Ipent, 

and the Wind being far Northerly, that I flK>uld 

not fetch the Fmtrno on a Lee Tide, I anchored 

there, and ftaid to take a whole Flood to crofi 

the Channel ; and the Tide ferving before Dav, 

I weighed from dience about Three or Four of tne 

Clock in the Morning^ and got into the Fuurno 

of St. Jobn% a little mer Noon that Day, to die 

great Satis^i&ion, as well of my Faflengers, as 

of the Iflanders of St. John ^ but e^ecially my 

black Marriners who accompanied me the Voyage, 

and did not &il to brag of it, more than perhaps 

a raw Sailer would of his firft Voyage to the Eaji^ 


I confuked my Guinea Carpenters, and (hewed 
them what I would have done, wz. So lay a 
Piece of l*imher along the Joyning of the upper 
timber to the Floor itimbery fore and aft^ /piked 
and trunnelled down through the S'mher and Out* 
fide Planky which^ I tolathem, would be a mighty 
Strengthening to her ^ which they agreed to. 

Then I told them, / would have the Fore-Caftle 
raifed even with the Gunnel^ and 3wo Planks 
Breadth run from that aft^ to the Quarter Deck on 
both Sidesy with a narrow thick Board fet an Edge 
in the Nature of Coamings ^ that if any Water fhould 
come over our Gunnel on our narrow Decky that 
thefe Coamings might prevent its going down in the 
Hold I and Itkewife to trunnel the Outfide Plank to 
the timber y as much as we thought convenient s AH 
which they agreed to as very requifite. 


The St. Philip's Smith promifed to make Nails, 
and the old Ferrier, whom I often before men- 
tioned, undertook to make as much Charcoal, as 
we fliould want, and likewife to affift the new 
Smith all he was able. 

I told Captain S'home Santee^'^bat if I baled 
my Boat up, dry^ as I mufi^ if I did any thing to 
her J that Jhe would want caulking all over^ and 
CMfequently Cotton (though I h^ faved all the 
i^are Pieces of Rope that I could, and had more 
than enough to make Oakum jfiifficient for once 
caulking ; but I thought it beft to keep a Store as 
long as I could, for feai* I might want when I 
ihould not have iuch an Opportunity tp get it) 
and likewife Sallow to lay on the Sea^ns^ or if I had 
enough J it would do much better to lay it all o'ver 
her Bottom. 

He faid. He would take care and order Leuonel 
Gonfelvo to kill feme wild Goats. 

I told him, ^hat the wild Goats would not 
yield any fallow ; and that if the Gonjernor had not 
killed ^wo Cows for me^ Ifhould have been forced 
to go to Sea without fallow. 

He faid. If I had told him any thing of that 
while be was at St. Philip' j, he would have ordered 
^hree or Four Cows to he killed for me ^ hut^ bow^ 
ever^ faid he, // there he any Cows in St. JohnV, 
you Jh all not want fallow. 

I told him, fhcre were Cows enough ^ U^'ell^ laid 
he, then youfhall ha^ve fallow enough. 

So Word being feiit up for all Hands to come 
down to hale the Boat up, accordingly they came, 
and we haled her about her I.en^th above the 
flowing of a Spring Tide , and then Captain 
Shome^ and the reft, went to Town to divert them- 
felves till the Boat was got ready. 

I ©it 

i got for Freight of ftiy Paflehgers that I 
brought from St. Philip' s^y Teh Cotton Cloths, ' 
'which made me a gckxi Fbre-S^il, ahd repaired 
my Jibb , of fome that was leftj I made a Pair of 
Trouzers for myfelf^ and a Jacket and Trouzers 
for my little Boy. My old Catpenterj came and 
proflfered their Service to me to cut Boards, and 
bring them down, or what other Timber wc 
wanted ; which they did, the Country all the 
Time fupplying us with Food daily : befides, 
Capt. ^botne fent down in the Interim Two Cows, 
and promifed a Third for the Voyage ; and if 
that would not yield Tallow enough, he would ^ 
tidex the Governor to kill fbme wild Goats. ^ 

We finiftied our Bufmeis in about Two Months, 
or a little more, having caulked her, and payed her 
Bottom with Tallow, and having got every thing in 
a Readineis for failing ^ and propofing to go firft to 
St Jago^ after I had put Captain U'bome^ and the 
St.Pbilippians there, afliOre, and not being re- 
Iblved to go to Guinea^ and loth to take the Two 
black Carpenters from where they were G> well 
ufed and entertained, to run the Chance of my 
uncertain Fortune, I thought it was juft to leave 
them where I found them, till they fhould light 
of an Oppertunity to go to their own Country ; 
but told them, X^^^ '^^^^^ I arrived at^ St. Jago, 
if I did not meet with an Oppoftunity of aSbip^ and 
that I found the Boat fufficienty I knew nothing 
to the contrary^ but I might go in htr to Guinea, // 
/ met with any Profpe£i there j or at St, Philip' j, or 
at both ; and if /&, IJhould not fail to carry them ; 
hut if I did^ I laid, IJhould not go to Senegal, be- 
caufe the French allow no Englifli to trade there ^ 
but if J went^ it Jbould be either to Gambio, Rio 
Grande, Cacheu, or fome of the BJvers between 
that and Sierra l^Mfa. 

C io6 ] 

They laid, ^hey ^would as lieve be carried to 
Gambio, as to Senegal ; And^ fiid he that was 
borne there, // you carry me there^ I will engage 
ycu a good lufiy Starve ^ but if you go to any of the 
ether Places^ I cannot ; hut will do you all the Ser^ 
'vice on the trading Account that I can^ &c. 

Every thing being ready, and on Board, wc 
failed from the Fuurno^ and arriving at St. Pbilip\ 
I put all afliore that were to go afliore there, and 
Haying Three Days in tliat Ifland, I ftocked my- 
feli with Provifions and Water ; after which I 
failed, and in about Ten Days Time, I beat ifl> 
to St. Jago, and, had I not been acquainted wim 
the Set of the Current, I might have beat till 
now, before I had got up to it in that Boat ; I 
fetched a Bay at St. Jago^ called, BJvero des 
Bharkasj where I anchorea ^ but finding that there 
were no Ships there, and had not been for fome 
Months, except one Oflend India Ship, called ty 
the Inhabitants, Nau India des Imperio j and find- 
ing there was a great Scarcity of Salt at St. yago^ 
I concluded to go to the. Ifle of Alay and take in 
Salt i for I was near half full with Pompion, 
Maiz, &c. and the St. Jago Men told me, I'bat 
they miderjlood^ that the Ijle of May was almofi 
famtJJjed for the Want of Sujienance^ as they bad 
had a Scarcity^ more or lefs^ for^ aho^ve Fifteen w 
Siocteen Tearsy depending wholly on the Ships that 
load Salt there^ for Subfiftance. 

I asked them. How they beard that there was 
fuch a Scarcity at the Ifle of May ? 

They faid, ^h at all the Salt Ships which hoi 
touched this Tear there for Water ^ had given them 
an Account of it. 

I asked them, Whether there bad many Salt Ships 
touched here this Tear ? 

They faid, Not above ithree or Four that tbej 
heard of 

I re- 

i recruited my Water, and conclu<ied to go 
llbout the North End oif St. JagOy as being the 
beft Way to gain the Ifle ot May^ though I do 
hot queftion, but 'tis the Opinion of many, that 
they can fdoner beat up the other Way • but I 
iiflure them, when they have experienced it, they 
will be of my Opinion. 

We had a good Parcel of Mandyokes given to 
iis by the Country People at Ki'vero des Bbarcos^ 
where I lay Two Nights, and then weighed and 
anchored in the Bay of Kivero de Prata^ and ftopp'd 
during a Lee Tide there, and tlie next windward 
Tide, we g<Jt to Porto ^erra^fall^ where I lay Thir- 
teen Days, the Wind blowing fo ftrong, that I 
tvas afiraid to ventul^e my Sails ; for I found my 
Boat was more able to encounter the Sea^ than 
toy Sails ^ete the Wind. 

Fine Weather prefenting, I weighed froifi iirra-^ 
fallviith a windward Tide, and beat that Tide to 
Windward of Porto Factenda about Haifa League ; 
but finding when the Lee Tide was made, that 
I loft Ground, and not feeing, or knowing any 
ftcure Place . to anchor at j that I could fetch, t 
bore awdiy for Porto Facienda^ where I anchored 
that Night. 

Next Day Tide^ I weighed, but could not get 
ftbout the Ifland that Tide ^ neither cduld I find 
iny Place to venture to anchor at, to ftop the 
Tide y and being loth to bear down to Porto Faci- 
inda^ I relblved to keep the Sea all Night, which 
I did, my Mariners being become vety expert. 

Next Morning the Lee Tides had hurried 
ine far to Leeward^ arid it blowing frcfli all 
Night, made a chopping Sea fet about the Noitiht 
yoint of the Ifland, inlbmuch, that I could not 
fetch Porto FaciendUy from whence I came the Day- 
before^ ^nd it was as much as ever I coutld Ad 

to fetch Jhra-fall Road, where T lay Two or 
Three Days, and fine Weather prelentinff, I 
weighed, and flopped again the I^e Ticfe at 
Porto Facienda, and the next Mornii^ Tide^ I 
beat the Tide an End ; but was iadJy puzzled 
then, to find a Place to ftop the Lee Tide, with- 
out which, I found it was impoflible for mc 
to get round the Ifland with my dull-fwift Fri- 

It was Day-light, and moderate Weather, and 
I iaw a little Bay under my Lee-bow, which 
feemed to me to be a landy or (hingly Beach, 
into which I relblved to run, as long as I faw any 
Prolped of Safety, the Water being clear enough 
to difcem any thing before it hurt me, and my 
Boat drawing about Four Foot Water, or a little 
more ; and if the worft came to the worft, and it 
would not do, F could but run off again. 

Right againft the Bay, were a great many 
Rocks, fbme larger, fome finaller, the largeft of 
them not above a good Stone-s Caft in Length, 
and moft of them above Water, extending about 
Haifa League off from the Shore : I run in, and 
keeping a good Look-out, luffing for one, and 
bearing away for another ^ till at laft, I got lafe 
in, though with taking a great deal of Care ; for 
without that, it would have been very dangerous : 
However, after we were in, it made us Amends 
for our Trouble in finding it, for there was a fafe 
and plealant Cove run in behind the Point, about 
a good Cable's Length wide from which, you 
could fee no Sea, but was, Land-locked for all 
Winds, and from Five to Three Fathom Water, 
a Sort of a Sand and Ooze mix'd. 

I had not been above an Hour, or thereabouts, 

. at an Anchor, when Two Blacks came down to 

the Water-fide, and called to us, and asked, 



* • ,■ 

r w 3 

Habere we came frtmi ? and what Countrymen we 
were ? 

We told them, IVe catne from Porto Faciendo 
laft i and that Jhe was an Englifli VeJfcL 

O, they iaid, that was well enough^ they bad 
heard of us^ how that we had been there^ and at 
Porto Terra-fall : We told them, // was fo ^ and 
they went away again. 

In a little Time came down an elderly Man^ 
with Four Slaves armed with Lances, attending 
him J he very courteoufly asked me to come aftiore : 
I told him, / was a little bufy as yet^ and bad not 
well ficured my Vejfel ^ but would wait on him as 
foon as T could ; and asked him. If be pleafed to 
accept of a Ifater Melon to refrejb him in the mean 
^ime ? 

He thanked me^ and bid me heave it into the 
Water, and he Vould fend one of Jiis Slaves to 
luring it afliore j which I did, and Two of the 
Lance*men fwam off and carried it afhore to their 
Mafter, who iat under the Clift of a Rock in the 
Shade, for the Sun (hone very hot ^ for though 
it was a frefti Gaje in the Offing, yet in the Cove, 
we had not a Breath of Wind, fave now and then 
a light Air would come down thro' the Valley. 

The grave Gentleman fpread his Cloak, and 
cut the Water Melon, laying it in as great Order, 
as if it had been a Perfon of Quality's Table fet 
with the greateft Varieties ; he called Two of his 
Attendants to him, and, I iuppofe, gave them 
Orders what they ibould do : I could not hear, 
but I few the Two Slayes make their Mafter a 
very reverent Bow, and went away. * 

I did not care much for trufting myfelf afhore 
with him at firft ; for that Part of St. Jago confiftj 
moftly of Banditti, who frequently fly thither 
from Juftice, and fbmetimes make Incurfions 
jEunong ths more civiiiz'd Parts of the Ifland^ 

X 3 \i\\t::^^ 

where, if they are catched, they (ufifer ; but if they 
cfcape thither, they are lecure ; for no Officer of 
Juftice dare follow them there, they afluming a 
rrivilege to themfelves to oppofe Juftice, even in 
cafe of Murder : But after he fb kindly accepted 
my Prefent, which) with thofe People, is moftly 
efteemed as a Token, or Tye of Friendlhip, I 
ventured aihore. 

As fbon as, he ftw me coming, he got up and 
came to meet me, with his Two Attendants who 
remained with him, armed widi their lances, and 
one of them with a Cutlafli, which T had not ob- 
ferved before^ he hinifelf having no other Arms, 
that I faw, but a long lharp-:pointed Knife, the 
Blade about Two Foot long, with a Brals caft 
Handle, which he wore like a Bayonet. 

He received me with Abundance of ceremonious, 
Formality, and welcomed me afhore, asking feve- 
ral Queftions, As, IVhat Country ? From whence I 
came P IVhetber I was goings &c. ? to all which, 
I gave him an Account ^ and he told me, without 
asking, as is ufual with them C^fpecially if they 
arc in any Poft of Credit) I'bat he was the Juftice 
of thefe Parts ; that all that Land as far as I 
could fes^ was his Eft ate j that he bad large Silver 
Mines on his Ground^ hut did not know how to extraCi 
the Silver out. of the Oar^ and was afraid to fend ta 
the City for a Silver^Smitbj for fear it Jhouldy by 
that Means ^ he difcovered to the King of Portugal^ 
who would not fail^ as fbon as he came to know it^ 
to fend an Army andfeize it to bis own Ufe^ and^ 
perhaps^ might he a Means of making them lof$ 
their PfivUeges bere^ whith had been preferved ever 
fmce the Iftand of St. Jago was inhabited : He iaid 
moreover, St hat be would fend up on^ of bis Slaves 
tc fetch mefome of the Silver Oar. 


Wby^ laid I, is it fo nigh ? He iiiid. It was not 
far off; it was in Sight ; and pointing to a Moun- 
tain, faid, // was on the Side of that. 

I told him, I would, if he pleafed^ take a IValk 
up to it. 

He faid. It was too late^ and was an ugly Way^ 
hut one of his SUiroes could foon go^ and he hack 
again^ with fome of it tofhew me, and on the mor" 
row, if I thought fit to go, be would go with me, 
and Ifhould have a Horje to ride on, as far as the 
Horfe could go. • 

By this Time the Two Slaves which he had lent 
away, came back, and brought a large Calabaih 
of Milk, and a fine young full-grown Goat, and 
very fat, which he prefented me with ; I received 
it with Thanks, and told him, / was forry I had 
nothing on Board worth prefenting him with, in Rm-* 
turn of his Kindnefs. 

He told me, / had done that already ftifficiently ; 
for he took Jo much SatisfaSiim in the Honour I did 
him, hy giving him my good Company, that he did 
not know what he could do to make me a fuitable 
Retaliation : Befides, laid he, the Water Melon 
which you garve me, I do not take it for fuch a flight 
Prefent as you imagiite ; for the Seeds I defign to 
plant s and though it may not yield better Melons 
than what I already have, yet, being fprung from 
the Seed of a Melon which came from Abroad, it 
will always pafs for a Buirity. 

I asked him. If he ibould be pleafed to accept of 
a Pompion of the Growth of St. JolinV ? 

He thanked me, and told me. He would, but 
would have but oite, which would yield him Seed 

So I called on Board, and bid them bring one 
of St. Philip's Ifland Pompions, and another that 
was brought from St. John's, which they did, 
and I prelented them to Singore Jbuifs, who told 

X 4 xc^^^ 

1'h;U was his Title, but his Name was Singore 

tt\ this Timc^ the Slave was returned with the 
lisppXiM Sih'tr Oar ; It was a Rock of a yeUowifh 
|Cl^l^ is-^h^:-. and tieAkrf cffin Flakes, about the 
1'h vVpc^< ^* tte!> Slasff ^wiadi arc ufed to cover 
VJ '^^ir>N. hiV n* ?Y^tninc feai^fes, which glifteued 

', r ■^," ^^- / *5Mir»fi zlfpc a:« no Silver con* 

♦,,■•..■. - .- .'J* ;• .lac 9t:Tbsr didlbelieWy if all 

•^ , .< .-.-.• ?A ttzoir. zt-Mt it cofftained any. v 

*^' 4;-wi. ^/- h:s P^rfj he hiew ftotbin^ of the 

. ciasf ri* confiant Notion^ of longer 

^ . .. r;- j^'^^^.ry of any livings that that 

1 ' 

*:■.■ vf. 

^v'. '^*- '^ "A-liing to argue, told him. It might 
> . • '\:x.: I i^^csj. 

•:':■:. :-,\d me, If I thought it vs:as worth my ac^ 
. - ■»; • -r, J:e ijoculd giise m$ as much of it as I pleafed 
iv ^v:/•;7, and his Slaies Jhould Mug it down to 
the IVater Side for me on Affes. 

I thanked him, and told him, / could not make 
any Ufe of it at p^cfent -, that I was going to the 
Ifte of May, and defigned tx) take in Salt there for 
this III and '^ and when I cams bac^ again^ I would 
confult zvitb him about it. 

He asked me. If I would ga with him on the 
Morrow y and he would fend 'a Horfe and Slave 
down for me, 

I told him, I only flopped iere for an Opportunity 
to %et round the Voint of the Ijland^ and was in 
hopes^ the next Days 7'ide^ to have fucb an Op^ 
portunity^ and therefore would defer my going to fee 
bis Mnie^ till my Return from the Ifle oflAzy. 

He asked n^e. If I was acquainted with any of 
tie Singores of the City ? 

I toI4 him, / knew fome of them. 

C ^'^ ] 

He askM m?, ff^bo ? I told him, / knew the 
General^ Singore Bilpo, Singore Pedro Balld^a- 
vefla, Singore Antonia de Barra, Singore Ovidore, 
and a great many more. 

Jle faid, / knew the beft Fidallgo'j oH the Jfland ; 
and that Siiigore Pedro Ballderaveflla was bis good 

I told him, So be was mine ; and ask'd him^ 
Whether he had feen him lately r and that I If oped 
he was in good Health. 

He feid, He never had feen bim in his Life j 
hut that he had done bis' Father a great Kindn^s^ 
in fpealking in bis Behalf to the Singore Ovidore : 
But^ feid he, / do not remember it ^ but have often 
beard my Father talk of it. 

I ih)ird to myfelf. and thought it mufl: be a 
very flight Friendfbip, where there was not fo 
much as an Acquaintance. 

We had a g^eat deal of Diicourfe more, in 
which he often repeated, how much he was bound 
to, and efteemM his unknown (but by hearfay) 
as well as unfeen Friend ; and I could not but 
wifh Gratitude were as much usM among us, who 
generally forget a good Turn but a few Days ago ; 
and yet thefe ignorant (I ihpuld fay innocent) . 
Crntures, are extremely fenfible of Favours done, 
iK>t only to thei)nielves, but %o their Anceftors, for 
Ages pad. 

It being Evening, he arofe to go; and ask*d 
me, IVbaf ^me I thought J Jhould fail to Mot'^ 
tow ? 

I tpld hini;^ In the Mornings a little after Sun-* 

He told me^ ^hat if J went fo foon^ he could 
not tell whether be coul^ be down fo early j but if 
not^ he would fend a Skv^ down with a Goat to me^ 
and fm^ ^ttlk i and if be Jhould not fee tne bffor^ 



.^^i^xdVoyage^ and hoped wJjtn 
' ^^Mr £»Id/eefne. 
''"'. ^ Lent one of another, away 
•''^ ^il^ r:i his Houfe, and I on Boarcf^ 
bedmes came down two Slaves 
*"^^^ jBiit^o Calabaflies of Milk for me , 
•'^^ inj, f>j/ tbeir Mafter would go up on a 
^' '^^ it (cMfee me under Sail. 

i iive lent a Water-Melon, and a Fogo^ 

i" Smpre Jorge the Jhuifs ; but the Black 

^ dieir Mdter ordered them not to take 

^^ Day being a fine Day, I weigh d, and 

,^ awn this Bay, which, for want of another 

gnt; I caird Porto Jorge ; for I had ask'd the 

^^tJcndcman, JVbattbey called this Road P And 

j^^, STfat be never bad feen^ nor beard of any 

2^is being in it before ^ and tbougbt that the 

^ikis wbicb lay off in the Sea^ rAadq it dangerous 

^ tome in J and no Vejfel ever being in it afore , be 

idie'v^d 'voas tbe Keafon it never bad a Name. 

I told him, IVitb bis Leave I ijgould give it a 

He laid. If Iwouldy be would endeavour itfhould 
elways go by tbat Name, 

So I gave it the Name of ?orto Singore Jorge y 
and I believe it goes by that Name ftill. 

I got about the Bigbude^ which is the North- 
Eaft Point of thelflandof St. Jago^ about Noon ; 
the Wind was North-Eaft, light Gales 3 and 
about two or three in the Evening I law the Ifle 
of May^ and Monte Pinofa bore South-Eaft-by- 
Eaft ; hvfl. the Lee Tide let us away to the South- 
ward apace: We fetched in, as nigh as I could 
guels, about the Calyete j but it being Night (or 
rather Morning, for it was between one and two 
when I got {i} clofe in, as to be obliged to tack off) 

C3<5 3 

and but a difficult Place to go in at, I darM not 
venture in in the Night ;' w I ply d all Night ; 
but, by the Time Day broke out, I was got 
about midway between the Calyete and the Porto 
Englefcj which is the Road us*d by our Ships 
which go there to load Salt ; £ot which Reafbn it 
is fo call'd; tho' the Inhabitants have another 
Name among themfelves, "viz. Tmgdofs^ and cmly • 
(Call it Porto Engkfe when they Ipeak to Euro^ 

Finding it would be very tedious to beat up 
again, becaufe the Flood Tide runs nothing at al| # 
there ; but the Ebb, which is the Lee Tide, iet$ 
ftrong, I bore away for Tingiofs^ and anchor d 
there in four Fathom, in the Middle of the Bay ; 
But no Ships being there, and the SurfF running 
ib high on the Shore, that we could do nothing 
at that Place, I was forc'd to weigh, and beat up 
to Kalyete or Paafeco^ which lies to Windward of 
Calyete ; and this.coft me two Days ^ and finding 
that alfo not convenient for landing my Things, 
and that it was a long Way from the Salt Pans j 
after I had been to pay my Compliment to Cap- 
tain Vicente Alba <vel Alva^ who was come down 
to fee me, I returned on Board, weigh'd, and run 
down to the Calyete^ and there anchored, and.dii^ 
pos*d of my Things, and had Salt brought to me 
there by the Natives, for which I paid with <bme 
of my Cargo that I had brought from St jobrf^ 
and St. Pb flip's. 

I cannot tell juftly who was the Author, but a 
Notion my Mariners all had, that I took in thit 
Salt, to carry it, and them, to Barbadoesj where 
they muft be Slaves during their Lives, gave me 
a great deal of Perplexity at this Place : Neither 
was it in my Power to convince them of the con- 
trary, and accordingly they all to a Man left me, 
and went afhorq. 

[ 3'0 

And now I was in a fcurvy Condition ; I had 
bartered away almoft all my Provifions for Salt j 
the^o raged a fcverc Famine at this Ifland, info- 
much, that fbme of the Inhabitants were ready to 
be ^mifli'd ; and I could not exped, if it had 
been in their Power, that they, would treat me as 
I was us*d at St. Jobn^ or St. Pbilip^s ; and yet 
I had not Help enough to get my Anchor up, or 
venture to run for St. J^f^Oy which then was very 
plentiful and fertile, tho' before, for three Years 
paft, th^ had fofler'd a fore Famine alfo. 

At length two Blacks came and offered their 
Service to go with me 5 one was a Native of St. 
Nicholas^ and told me, fbat hi came from tbence 
abou$ ten Months before in an Englifti Ship • but tbe 
Captain not proving fo kind to bim as be expeSfed^ 
be left bim at tbis Ifland^ wbere be bad been about 
eigbt Montbsy and was almofl ftam)d fence he came 
here ; and if I would take him^ he iaid, he would 
never leave me. 

Upon which I took him, being as glad of him, 
as he was of my Provifions. 

The other was a Native of St. Anthonio^ who 
alfo engaged to go with me. 

The St. Antbonio Man told me, ^bat Ijhould 
make a better Hand if I went to St. Anthonio with 
my Salty and to go from thence to the Ijle of Sal, 
and take a Gang from St. Anthonio, to kill turtle 
there J and fell them at the I/land of St. Nicholas, 
which ft ill was very fcarce of Provifions, 

I ask*d him. How long he had been from St. Anr 
thonio ? He told me, About eigbt Months y fo I 
concluded to take his Advice, if the Wind &^ 
vour'd, to fetch thefe Iflands ; if not, I could but 
go to St. Jago at laft, which I (hould always have 
under my Lee. 


C 3'7] 

So we fail'd from Calyete in the Evening, and 
ftretch'd to the Northward all Night, the Wind 
holding pretty much to the Northward, as North- 
Eail-by-North, and North-North-Eaft, with light 
Wind^, and a head Sea ; io that when the Day 
broke out, the Northermoft Point of St. Jage 
bore about Weft-North-Weft, about the Diftance 
of five or fix leagues. 

The light Winds ftill continuing, in which my 
Boat would do nothing with her fixiall Sails, I was 
afraid of being iagg'd down {o to Leeward, that 
I could not fetch either St. Nicholas^ or St. AntbcH 
nioj wherefore I was refblv'd to bear away to 
St. Ja^Oj which I did, and run for the North- 
Eait Point ; and finding a large &ir Bay, about 
two Leagues or Ibmething more to the Southward 
of the BickudSj which, for want of another 
Name^ C^^^ being no Inhabitants ^thereabouts to 
know, nor could I find from any others by what 
Name they called it) I call'd Porto fine Noma^ or 
the namelefs Koad : I run in there, and anchored 
on the Northern or Weather Side of the Bay ; 
for tho' it was a fair, large, and feem'd to be a 
clean Bay, with a large Beach or Strand of fmall 
pebble jStones, which moft commonly denotes 
clean Ground, yet the Land was fo high, that it 
made an eddy Wind blow right into the Bay ; 
and tho* I had not Ihot in half Way to the Bot- 
tom of the Bay, yet I found the eddy Winds 
blew right in on the Shore, and the Sun being 
paft the Meridian, the Gale freftien d on the Coaft, 
and the Eddy, or counter Winds blew in the Bay 
proportionable in Strength : And being got fo far 
in, that I could not weather the Southermoft Point 
that made the Bay, I refolv'd to anchor in the 
firft convenient Place I could under the High 
Land, on the. North Side of the Bay, and wait 
for the Land Breeze in the Night, which is cora- 

mon, or it Calm, to row out ; and finding a lit* 
dc lanviy Cove, I run for it^ with an eaiy Sailj 
havii^ lowered down my Main&il and Forefail, 
that by running flowly along, I might the bettei' 
vi^^y and find a convenient Place ; and founding 
with a Stone flung to a fifhing Line, I found it 
was pretty fteep, and was within a Stone's-Caft 
of the Sixand of the little Cove before I haci 

I let go rny Anchor about the Middle of die 
Cove, and the Wind not blowing right in, but 
flanting along down to the Bottom of the great 
Bay, the VeflTel tailed towards the Weftermoft 
Point of the Rock that made the Cove ; and aftei* 
I had given a fuflicient Scope of Cable, and 
brought up fo niffh, that our Stem was about the! 
Boat's Length Irom the Rock, it was pretty 
fmooth Water, but the Flaws fbmetimes blew in 
pretty ftrong, tho' not fo as to fear our Ground- 
Tackle holding. 

The St. j^ntbonio-Mati told me. He did not like 
the Place^ for it was the wildeft Part of that 
Quarter where the Banditti inhabited. 

I told him, ^hey could not hurt us^ we halving 
no Bufinefs ajhore^ and that I was refolvd in the 
Night to go'^ with which he feem'd to be la- 

They got the Pot on, arid went to work to boil 
fome Pompion and Sherree^ (which is the largefl: 
Part of the Maiz when it's pounded, and when 
boil'd, fomething refembles boil'd Barley) de- 
figaing to make Pap, and I lay down to take a 
Nap while they got it ready ; and had but juft 
got afleep, when I was awaK d by Stones liove 
into the VeflTel, whereof fome of them fell oil 
the Qiiarter Deck, under which I lay. I ask*d^ 
IVhat was the Matter ? My Folks" aniwer'd, ^hef 
did not know s but a Parcel of Blanks ajbore bcn>^ 

down Stoms^ and call'd us all the ill Names tbey 
could think of. I put my Head up the Scuttle 
abaft to fee, ahd as loon as they elpy'd me, fla^ 
came feveral Stones at me : I dodg'd under the 
Deck ; and as loon as they ceasM heaving Stones, 
I look'd up again^and in the St.Jago Creole Tongue 
ask'd them the Realbn of u(mg us ib roughly? 
But they fell more furioufly than at firft to heav- 
ing Stones, and Ibme fo large, that I was afraid 
they would fink the Boat, calling me all the 
R(^es, Thieves, and Picaroons, fc?r. that their 
Malice was capable of expreffing ; and asking me, 
Whether I had a Mind to carry them away ? And if 
I had there were Slaves enough prefent for me ; ani 
hid me come ajhore like a Man-thieving Devil^ and 
they were ready for me^ &c. 
. I had no other Remedy, but to (hield myfelf 
under the Deck again, till the Guft of their Fury 
was over, and they ceasM to heave Stones 5 my 
Companions advifmg me, in their Fright, to cut 
the Cable, or get up the Anchor, and hurry away 
out of that dangerous Place, not confidering that 
we could not ft^d upon Deck to weigh the An- 
chor, or to do any thing towards endeavouring to 
get the Veflei away, either by Sails or Oars 5 be- 
fides, the Wind blew right in on the Point of the 
Rock, and we had fo little Room, that the Veflei, 
if we could or would expofe ourfelves, would be 
alhore before Ihe could gather any Way ; and the 
Rocks over us were moreover lb high, that the 
Veflei was, as it were, under them, {o that thofe 
Barbarians could almoft tumble any Stone on 
Board, that they were capable of lifting. 

As foon as I dar^d, I look'd up again ; I begg'd 
of theirflo ceafe heaving Stones, and let me but 
(peak to thein ; but they feem'd to be the more 
exalperated at me, and one hove a Stone fo un- 
•xpededly, as I ftood with my Head and froitt 

[ po ] 

my Breaft upwards above the Deqk, that it had 
like to have put an End to my Life, for it fell on 
the Edge of the Scuttle, and there broke to Pieces ; 
Part tumbling down, the reft lying on the half 
Deck. I dodg*d down^ having received no Hurt, 
but pretty much fear d ; but they tumbled the 
Stones down ib thick, that the half Deck wa& at* 
moft covered with theift. 

The Folks and the Boy IhelterM themfeivcs for- 
ward behind the Maft, and under the Forecaftle, 
the little Boy frightened almoft out of his Wits $ as 
indeed, fo vvere we alL 

Looking from behind the Maft, after they had 
ceased heaving Stones, to fee whether they were 
gone Of no^ one^ of them hove a great Stone, 
which ftruck agafnft the Maft^ and there fhatter'd 
to finall Pieces- ;vu^n which the Boy drop'd down 
under the Beam, and I thought the poor Child 
was kill'd, which he would undoubtedly, had the 
Stone hit him j but he\receiv'd no harm, only . 
dropping down, either with the Fright, or to Ihun 
the Danger, oi^both j^ut he could not tell when 
I ask'd him afterwards, 'If^bat made him fink down ? 
but laid. He thought he Jhould be kilted ^ and that 
tbey all thought I had been killed by the Stone tbdf 
fell on the Scuttle. 

The Quarter-Deck being open, having no 
Bulk-head^ only at the Head of my Cabbin, fo 
that I could fee fore and aft, when I was under 
the Half-Deck ; as fbon as that Storm was over, 
and they ceas'd heaving Stones, I looked up again ; 
for as loon as they were quiet, I began to fear 
they would fwim off and attempt to board us, 
which I was refolv'd not to fuffer them to do, as 
long as I had Life or Strength to opptrfe them. 
I no fooner rais'd my Head in Sight,** but flam 
came three or four Stones at me ^ but I prevented 
their hurting me by dropping under Deck : Some 


bf thefii came down the Scuttle, and one bf theni 
glanc'd againft my Ankle, which, tho' I felt no-* 
thing pf it then j yet it t>ain'd me fome timQ 

When I found their Fury fbmething abated^ 
for th6y ceas'd heaving Stones as fboh as I dived 
out of Sight, I lookd ijp again^ and begg'd of 
them hut to let me fpeak to tbem. They called me 
all to naught, and laid, / was the Devil that cm^ 
fnanded the other Devils^ and hid me come afhore, 

I told them, / would^ if they would firfi let me 
fpeak to them. They told me^ Nb , / mufi come 
afbotf y,2ind fell a heaving Stones again ; at which 
I fecur'd mylelf again under the Deck. 

, Then they call'd to me ^ but I made no Anlwer i 
They call'd feveral Times ; and at laft^ they faid^ 
If I did not come up^ they would tumhle down Rocks 
and Stones till they Jilfdorjunk the Vejfel. 

I looked upj, and iaid, ubey would neither give 
Tne Liherty to fpeak^ or come upon Deck^ without 
running the Hazard of having my Brains knocked 

They told me, S'hey would hea^tie fio mote Stones 
if J would come afhore. 

Ifaid, I would. in a very little ^ime -^ hut thai 
thert was, a funken Rocky wheteon ^^as not IVater 
enough yet for the Boat td fleet over ; hut that^ as 
the tTater was rifin^^ J could in a little ^ime put 
the Boat to the Rocky and tien J would come ajhori 
to them. ^ 

This I Only faid to amufe them, t6 hav0 an 
Opportunity to appeafe them ; for there was no 
funken Rock, it being fteep too, at the rocky Point 
of the Cov6 whereon they ftood tumbling Stones 
tipon us. 

They bid tntfwim afhor^. J told thefn, / could 
not fwim .; hut if they would have a little Patience 
till the Water ficfj)^ dy I would put the Boat to th^ 

[ 3ii I! 

Kock aitdgd ajbore to them^ or they Come on Board^ 
which they fleas d. 

They adcM, How long it would he ^ I told 
them, y4 very little ^ime. At which they feem'd 
eafy, and iat down on the Rock. 

I did not fee above four there, but I could hear 
them Ipeak to others, who were behind in a 
Clift of the Rock. I look'd very narrowly to fee 
if they had any Fire Arms, but perceiv'd none i 
yet dar*d not to come up, ftanding in the Scuttle, 
ready to drop my Head down, if there Ihould be 

They ask'd me, If^hat Countryman I was ? I . 
^told them, I was an Englijhman. 

They ask'd. If I was fent there hy the^ King of 
Portugal ? I told them. No. 

They demanded, IVhat I came there for ? I 
told them, / was leaky ^ and wanted to hale ajhort- 
to flop my Leak ; but as there was no conn)enient 
Place^ I defignd to go to Porto Formofa, where 
was a more con'venient Place to hale ajhore. 

By this Time the others behind the Rock came 
and lat down in Sight with the reft : I told fifteen, 
and could not tell whether there were any more j 
but I faw no Fire Arms among them, and was the 
moi*e confirmed in it, becaufe I thought if they 
had any, they would have made ufe of them 
againft us. They had moft of them Lance* and 
long Knives, fuch as that which Singore Jorge 
Vkarela had, and fome had Swords. 

They call'd to me again, and ask'd, IVhy I did 
not conw ajhore ? I told them, I would prefently. 

They feem'd very impatient 3 and told me. If 
I (hferrd coming mty longer^ they would heave Stones 
till they funk the Boat. 

I told them, / had done them no harm as yety 

except they reckoned my anchoring there was an In-- 

jury to them ; "that they had done me a great deal 

t 3i? ] 

i)/ tyamdge already^ with their heaving Stones in 
the Vejfel : SThat I came there with no Befign to 
injure them^ nor any Body elfe^ hut as a Friend^ 
nndfor that Keafon^ I did not do my [elf that Juftice 
which was in my Power to do^ for the Abufe which 
they J Without any Provocation^ had treated me with : 
S'bat I bad Fire Arms and Ammunition enough on 
Boardj to have laf& them all dead ^ but fuppofing 
they might he miftaken^ and believe me to he feme 
vther^ who perhaps had deferv^d this ill treatment 
at their Hands ^ ^hat Confideration^ faid I, (tho* 
I had neither Gun nor Powder on Board • but 
fince ifkir Means would nbt do, I was relblv'd, if 
jpoiEble, to frighten theiti) and the Eft e em which I 
always had for Pcrfons in your Condition^ has de^ 
terrd me from hurting you hitherto y hut ify notwitb^ 
ftanding^ what I have faid to you^ will not prevent 
your future Incivilities^ Imuft he fore' dy tho' againft 
my Will^ to do myfelf Juftice with the Death of 
as many of you^ as will prefume farther to affront 

At this they let lip. a hideous Hollow, calling 
Stones as feft as they could, calling to one ano- 
ther to go home, and bring their Spring Guarda^s^ 
iand fight for their Lives ^ I dived down as fooii 
as I perceiv'd them take up the Stonesjand (hunn*d 
the Danger ; my Men calling from afore to me, 
and telling me, tVe could expeSi nothing from them 
tow but Death : Aiid indeed t cannot lay that my 
Expedation was of any thing elfe ^ but I was re-* 
iblv'd to make the beft I could of it, and bid my 
Folks hold their Tongues, and let me alone to 
manage them, and did not Fear but we fiiould do 
^ell enough. 

As £b(3n as their Fufy was over, and they ccas'd 
heaving Stones, which lafted about half a Quar- 
ter of art Hour^ their Hearts 1 believe failM them, 
tod they got all behind the Rock^ i \aoVdM^^ 

y a ^^^ 

[ P4 ] 

but could not fee one of them. I began to think 
they were gone ^ and looking (harp about, I per- 
ceived one of them peeping over the Rock. I was 
juft going to ipeak, when flam came a Stone : I 
dived y but not finding that any more was com- 
ing, I look'd up again, and took a Piece of a 
fifhing Cane, which I had cut fliortfor a Walking- 
Stick, and held it out as thoi^h it had been a 
Gun, and call'd to them, and tqld them, /was 
^very lotb to do them any Damage , and if I did^ 
it would be much againfi my Inclination^ becaufe I 
had fuch an Efieem for all their Country^ and was 
*very well known and refpeSied by fome of the befi ' 
Singores on that Part of the Ijland. 

I flill kept my Eyes about me, left they fhould 
go to their old Work of heaving Stones again : 
At laft one of them Ipoke from behind the Rock, 
and ask'd me. If I kjjew any Body that liv^d on the 
garter of Terra-Fall ? (for all that End of St, 
J ago is caird the garter of ^erra-FallJ. I faid. 

They called to me again ; but I could not per- 
ceive any body, by reafbn of the fear of my fup- 
pos'd Gun, which I kept {o that they could not 
difcover the Cheat, and ask'd me, IVho I knew in 
the £^iarter of Terra-Fall ? 

I told them, / knew Singore Juan Vharela, the 
Padrey and feveral others^ (whofe Names I had 
learn'd when I was at Porto ^erra-FallJ and like-- 
wife Singore Jorge Vharela the Jhuifs, who had 
Veen "very kind to me^ and with whom I had a ^ery 
g^reat Friendjhip • and that I was to go to fee hijtiy 
as foon as I bad flopped the Leak of my VejfeL At 
which they all llarted up, and ask'd me. If mine 
was the Vejfel that had been at Singore Jhuifs'^ 
Porto ? 


I told 

[ 3^5 ] 

1 told them, Tcs^ I was the fame ; and was fure 
if Singore Jhuifs knew that I was there^ and fo 
affronted^ that - he wpuid foon be . there to afjift me - 
and that it was the KefpeSi I had for bim^ and my 
other good Friends in thefe Parts ^ made me not to 
revenge myfelf on them^ knowing that what they did^ 
mufi certainly he occafior^d throng Miftake, 

They laid. It Hoas "very true^ and they were 
*very forry they bad affronted me fo , and took me 
to he of that Sort of People called Pirates^ and were 
afraid tl>at I was either come to take them away for 
Sla'ves^ or their Cattle for Food ; or elfe^ . that I 
ijoas fent by the King of Portugal, to apprehend 
fome of them that were fied thither from the Opprcff- 
on of the Ovidore, and the reft of the Branca'^ of 
the Cidade, /. e. the Portuguefe living in or about 
the City ; the Ovidore being the King of Portu- 
gal's chief Jufticiary of all the Cape de Verd 
Iflands, as well as of all the Coaft of the main 
Continent of Guinea under his Authority. 

I told them, / did not look like one upon either of 
thofe Defignsj having no more than two Men and 
a little Boy with me. 

'Xhey laid, ^hey did not know hut I might ba"je 
bad a great many Men hid under the Co-verty (i, e. 
the Deck). 

I ask'd them. If they thougl^t fo^ how dcird 
they to have come fo nigh^ for par of bein^ fJoot. 

They laid, ^hey were fworn to cppofe all that 
came to break the Privilege of the Place ; and if 
I had fird at them^ they would have kep clofe be- 
hind the Rocky to keep us from getting up in the 
Country y and in the mean time would have fent IVord 
up to raife the Country, And^ continu'd they, %ve 
have already fent up to To-wn for more Help^ a?id 
likewife Fire Arms ; but fince we underjiand wbo^ 
you are^ we will fend up to flop their coining down^ 
and Ijkewife for fomethingfor a Prefect for 'jou. 

Y 3 \xV^x^^ 

I thank'd them, and continued talking about 
one Thing or another, till the Mcffenger canie 
back that they had fent, who brought a Calabafh 
of Milk, and a large Cock and a Hen : They 
held them up, and fliewing thqm to me, defir'd 
me to put the Veflel to the Rock to take them 

I told them, / could net put the Vejfel te the Rock 
yjitbout Danger of ftaving her. 

They laid, They fwotild not have me come to mtf 
pamage for ever fo much j but hoped I was not 
afraid that they would hurt me. 

I told them, No not at all (tho' I did not much 
ijCare for trufting them). 

They bid me fend one of my Mariners aftiore 
for the Prelent. 

I told them. None of my Mariners could fwim ; 
that when J was at Singore Jhuifs's Tort^ his Slaves 
were forced to fwim off with Singore Jhuifs'j Pre^ 
fents^ and likewife carry what Prefents J made him 
af?xre^ hecatife none of my People could fwim ; a}id 
when I v:ent afhore to him^ I was forcd to put tha 
Veffel afhore ; which I could do fafe enough there ^ 
hy reafon it was a much better Port than this ; but 
if one of them would bring their Prefcnt off^ I would 
fee for fomething to fend with him afloore^ in return 
of their Kindnefs. 

They faid, i'hey did not defire any thing ^ they 
were "very forry for the Ahufe they had given me^ 
and thought they were highly obligd to me for being 
fo gencYoufly reconcifd to them^ and hop^d they bad 
not done the Veffel any Damage. 

I told them, Thi^y had not 5 which if they had, 
I (hould not have told them ; and iaid, ^hat I 
hoped they were itot afraid that I would be fo bafe as 
to do them any Ha^rm. 


C 3^7 ] - 

They faid. No ; but yet did not feem very will- 
ing to venture to come on Board. 

At laft a lufty grim4oofc*d Fellow faid. If I 
would put the Boat in at the Beach^ fo that be could 
wade in^ he would come ^ but^ laid he, / can^t nor 
Iwor^t fwim. 

It being now ahnoft Sun-let, and the Wind 
much lefi in the Offings fo that the Eddy- Flaws 
were now but weak, inlbmuch, that I could eafi- 
IVj by veering Cable, back her Stem to the 
iBeach, and likewife there they could not do me 
much Damage, as being farther from the Rock, 
than as I rid ^ I told him, I would: So getting 
out two Oars, and veering Cable, and backing 
her Stem too with out* Oars, till I could get 
Ground with a fliort Oar, I fet her in as nigh as 
I thought fit, and then bid him come ; who was 
got down the Rock, and ftood on the Beach, 
armed with his Lance, Sword, and long Knife. 

I bid him leave his Lance on the Beach, as 
being troublefbme as well as needlefs to wade off 
with. He, with a hefitating Unwillingnels, at laft 
did, and waded off with his Sword, Knife, Cala- 
bafh of Milk, and the two Fowls, holding them 
up that they Ihould not be wet, and waded till 
the Water was as high as his Navel, and tlien 
ftopp*d, and bid me put the Boat nigher in. I 
caird to the Boy in Engltjh^ not to 'veer any more 
Cable^ and fet .her in till the Cable was taut^ and 
bid my Gueft wade on. 

He came, and by that Time he was got to the 
Boat's Stern, was up to the Arms. I told him, 
^he Boat would not fleat any further in ; fb he 
handed me the Milk and Fowls, and then would 
fain have got up with his Sword and Knife iii hi$ 
Hand. 1 told him. He need not fear to truft me 
with them. He law he could not get up with 
them in his Hand, and yet was very loth to truft 

Y 4 xs^^ 

tee with them : however, with abundance of Difft- 
dence, he haladed his Sword up taipe, and en-» 
deavour'd to get up with his Knife in his Hand, 
which they always truft to, as the fiircft Weapon ^ 
bpt finding he could not, at laft he handed that 
to me alfo, and then I gave him an End of a 
^Lope for a Man-Rope, by which j^e got up. 

As fbon a^ he got in on the Quarter-Deck, he 
ialuted me with the ulual Formalities, and pre-? 
tended they were very ibrry for the Ryd^nefs that 
they had offer 'd to me. I told him. It was "very 
wellj I }t€ver bore any Malice^ efpecially when I 
was injur d by a Mijiake^ as I was fatisfyd this 

The Fellow ey*d his Sword and Knife in ^ny 
JIand, but was afraid, I believe, to ask them of 
me : I obferv*d it, but did not fcem to take any 
Notice of it. 

I was puzzled what to give them ; and ask*d, 
]f they wanted any Salt ? He faid, No^ they had 
Plenty of Salt j for they could get enough to ferve 
them^ wade by the Sun on the Kocks ; but he had 
heard^ that there was a great Scarcity of Salt at the 
Cii'y ; which I knew as well as he. 

The Fellow feem'd to be very uneafy, and 
ofTer'd to take his Sword ^ but I would not de- 
liver it to him. He faid, He wanted to go ajhore^ 
I told him. He Jhould prefently. 

I had a Felt Hat, which I had purchasM at the 
Ifle of May^ and having nothing elfe to give, I 
prefented him ^yith that, telling him, ^bat was 
all that I bad worth giving ; but wijh*d I had one 
for every one that was afloore. He faid, It was very 

I told him, I had no particular Knowledge of any 
of thcui^ and therefore gave it among them all^ for 
them to do as they thought fit with : So he defirM 
jne fo put the Boat in again, that he might go 


C 3^9 1 

afliore, I ask'd him, Whether he could Hot fuotm ? 
yrho faid no j and fo I put the Boat as nigh to 
the Beach as I thought fit, and then bid him get 
m%o the Water, and I would hand the Hat and his 
Arms to him, as foon as he was on the Ground. 

I fix'd him a Man-Rope, and down he went by 
it s but by that Time his Feet touch'd the Bot- 
tom, his Chin was in the Water, upon which he 
caird out to put the Boat nigher in, or he could 
not get aftiore, I bid him let go the Rope, and 
get afliore. and I would heave the Things to him 
aflipre. * He did lb s hut mutter'd as he went, 
and 1 believe he never expeded to get his Arms 

H6\yever, when he was got afliore, I hove the 
Things aftiore, and they afi retum'd me Thanks, 
and laid, they would bring me a fat Goat, and 
Ibme more Milk down in the Morning. I thank'd 
them y and it being almoft duskifli, away they 
went, bidding me Adieu, telling me, that they 
would be down iij the Morning betimes. I laid 
it was very well. 

I have been the more prolix in relating this, 
becai^ie I do not know that I met with any thing 
in the whole of this Voyage, that appeared to me 
more dangerous than this Adventure at firft did , 
and I can't deny but it gave as great a Shock to 
my Courage, as any thing thap I f aij remember in 
the whole Courfe of nfiy Life. 

The Night proving almoft calm, I expeded an 
off-lhore Land-breefe ; and waiting till the Mom- 
jng-Star rofc, and no Land-breele coming, I 
drew up my Anchor, and rowed out, not caring 
CO be caught among the Banditti another Day. 

So we rowed out till we got into the true Wind, 
which was about the Break of Day, and I run 
down diredly for Porto Formofay and into the 
Head of the Bay. 

C no 1 

Here I went afliore, and was met by *$¥»- 
gore Antmi^ tbavaatj the principal Gentleman 
thereabotits, who was coming to fee what Veflel 
it was that had enter'd into the Road : He was 
attended by eight Slaves, with Lances, two had 
each of them a Piftol, which they are obHg'd to 
cany, being fo near Neighbours to the Vbilhaueas 
of uerrshfdtl : And when I told him how I had 
been ferv'd at Porto fine Noma^ he croTs^d himfeli^ 
txni laid. It was the greateji Miracle in the IVorlA 
that we bad not been all killed ^ and f$r his Party 
he would not have been in my Place for the ](flani 
ef St. Jago. 

This Gentleman is a White, of the Race df 
Portugal i and when I tdd him what I had got on 
Board, he laid, S'bat there was no hedy at this 
Forty hut very poor black People^ and had nothing 
t$ give me in return for my Salt. As for bimfelfy 
he feid, be had a finall Place on his Efiatey where 
his Slaves made Salt enough to ferve him ^ hut if I 
wanted any thing that he could help me tOy he would 
freely do it. 

I thank'd him, and he invited me up to his 
Houfe,, which was not far off the Water-fide, 
where I was entertained very courteoufly. He 
would fain have had me to ftay all Night ; but I 
told him, / never lay cut of my Vejfel at Night ^ 
to he fent two Slaves to wait on me down, and 
loaded them with Cocoa-Nuts, Mand'yokes, and 
a live Goat to kill on Board. 

Next Morning he fent down two Slaves with ail 
Als loaden with Provifions and Fruit, with an In- 
vitation to come and dine with him. 

I, defigning to get a little Wood and Water 
here, fent Word up that I would ; as foon as they 
were got home, one of them with a Horfe was 
lent down for me. 

C 33; ] 

When I came up, I ask'd the Gendeman Icavo 
to cut a little Wood. He told me. His Slaws 
jhould cut it for nte^ and carry it down. 

I thanked him, and faid. My Folks lad nothing 
elfe to do hut to H^ood^ W'ater^ and drefs their 

He faid, He had Slaves enengh idle : So htf or- 
dered, half a Dozen of them to go and cut Wood, 
and carry it down with Afles, till the People of 
the Sloop faid they had enough. 

In the Afternoon I took my Leave of him, 
tho' he would fain have had me ftaid till Night ; 
but I told him, / wanted to be on Board to fee that 
the Water was filtd^ and every thing got ready for 
failing before the Day4?reefe came 3 for if I ftaid 
till it fet in J I could not get out of the Port, 

He laid, / knew what I had to do better than he ; 
hut if my Bufinefs would have permitted it^ hefhould 
have been very glad of my Company : So, after G>m- 
pliments pafs*d, I took my leave. 

He fent a Slave do^ip with me, and a little 
^ after came down two Slaves with a Bag of 
" Feihoons, fbme Sherree, a Calabafh of Mel^ (i. e. 
IVIoloflus) and half a Dozen of Cheefes, the fix 
weighing about one Pound and half. I returned 
him Thanks, which was all the Retaliation I 
could make, and I believe all the Gentleman 

Next Day, as loon as the Morning-Star ap- 
peared, I weighM, and fail'd out of the Bay 
with a fine Land Air, and by dawning was got in 
the true Wind ; and coafting along Shore, I run 
down the Length of St. Jago Town into the Bay, 
but did not oblerve any convenient Place that I 
could land at, the Suff running lb high. My St, 
Antonio-M^xi was my chief Pilot, and I found 
him tolerably well acquainted with all the little 
^oves and Bays* 

C JP ] 

He told me. That a little farther was the beft 
Port in all the Ifland of St. Jago, According to 
his Advice, I run down, and entered into the 
Harbour^ which was as he had told me, and 
caird Porto Madera. I moored there, my Anchor 
ciE^ and a Rope feft afliore to a Rock, which was 
like a Key, having twelye Foot at low Water 
dofe to the Rock. 

• There being np Inhabitants living near the 
Port, and the Way jhut indifferent from thence to 
the Village of St. Jago^ I coafted along down 
to Praya Formofa^ and touched thiere, and at St. 
Domingo ^ from thence I proceed to Porto Lobo^ 
where I tarry'd fbme time, and received a Letter 
from the General of the Cape de Verd Iflands 
about a certain Bufinefs, and had a Man an4 
Horfe fent for me. 

I rid to him to the Town from Porto Loho^ 
leaving my Boat there. It's accounted about 20 
Miles by Land ^ but a Man had Jitter ride 40 in 
England. ^ 

After the General and I had talk'd the Matter 
about which I came 5 being in Company, and 
talking about my Balandra^ ft. e Sloop, as they 
cali'd it) Singore Pedro Balderavejfa ask'd me. If 
Jbe was capable of going to Guinea ? I told him. 
She W({S not decked all over^ but a fmall Charge 
would do it -^ and then jhe might go to Guinea well 

He ask'd me. How many Slaves Jhe could carry ? 
I told him, y4bout thirty at leaft. 

He told me. If I would bring her down to Calyete 
St. Martin, that he might fee her^ he would buy her 
all i or if I was minded to continue in her^ which he 
would rathe^^ I might hold what Part I pleased ^ 
and whatever was wanting to the fitting^ her for a 
Guinea Voyage^ he would procure 5 as alfo a Cargo. 

I told him. She was at a ^ood Pert now ; and 
that if be pleas'* d to give himjelf the trouble to go 
and fee ber^ J would rather than to bring her down ; 
becaufe Porto Lobo was more fecure^ efpeciallj 
now that it drew nigh the Seafon of fhifting IVinds 
and Travadoes. , 

He laid, ^bat Calyete was always reckoned the 
fafeji Port in all St. Jago, and that oftentimes when 
Brafile Men came thither in the rainy Seafon^ they 
haled in there^ where they lay fecure from all 

So I had a Horle back, and weighed from 
Porto Lobo^ and run the Coaft down, rounding 
and taking a View of the Bays of St. Francifco^ 
and Portate^ in my Way ; and by the Time diat 
run the Length of Villa de Praya^ I found I fhould 
not have Day-light enough to get into Calyete St. 
Martin^ to I anchored . there till next Morning, 
and then run for the Calyete j and after I had 
made her faft, I lent Word to Town of my Arri- 
val, and had an Anlwer the fame Evening from 
Signor Pedro Balderavejfa^ that he was a little 
indifpofed by a Fall that be had recei^ved fince he fam 
me ; but had f poke to a Friend of bis ^ whofejudg- 
went was better^ who would come in the Morning 
to 'view my Balandra. 

Accordingly his Friend came with another Gen- 
tleman, who was Secretary of War : He had uled 
thje Sea, and I underftood, that if I fold her out- 
right, he was to be Singore Capiteen ; but he gave 
fuch an ill Report of her to Singore Pedro Balde- 
raveffoj that I queftion whether ne would have ac^ 
cepted of her, if I had offered her for nothing. 

The fickly Time of the Year now approaching, 
and, indeedj at that Time, excepting Cacbeu^ 
there are not many Places on the main G)ntinent 
of Guinea^ more fickly than St. Jago ^ and befides, 
it being the Time of Year that xdx^\^ 2l\vj ^\v\^^ 

loaeh here, 1 wasr rcfolved, if^l coiiW, to get W 
feme of the windward Ifbnds, d|>ecial]y to St. 
tlicbetasj as well to Ihun the fickly Seafbn at St. 
y^, as alfi) having a Prolped: of fboner meeting 
wira an European Ship to get fixMn the Iflands^ 
Ac Seafiin of the Year alio concurring ; for we 
ape€tcd a Southern Wind now, in a little Time j 
and I trucked my Salt away as fafl: as 1 could to 
get OQ the Eaft Side of the Ifland, becaufe from 
mence, I could not only better fiil with a Souths 
erly or Wefterly Wind, but the Roads are the 
iifeft aMb ^ for there is not one Road on the Lee^ 
Side of the Ifland, that a Man can ride fafe widi 
a Wefteriy or South-Weft Wind, except Calyei9 
tSt. Martin ; but then, though you may ride &h^ 
yet with thofe Winds you cannot get out 5 which^ 
nowever, are the only fairWin^ you have to 
run up to the windward Iflands. 

I fbon trucked off my Saltj which the Inhabit 
tants were in great Scarcity of, for hdian Ccwti, 
Fefboons, and Mand^yoaks, Which laft, I fticed 
thin, and dried in the Sun to preferve them, 
which would then beat, or pound as fine, and lock 
as white, as the beft Flower, and, niixed with 
Maiz, would make good Bread 5 of boiled, would 
make good Pap, or Hafty-Pudding. 

As foon as I had bartered off all my Salt, and 
got a pretty good Cargo of Maiz, Fefhoons, Man- 
d*yoaks, fbme Gxroa Nuts, Plantanes, Bananas, 
i^c. I failed from Calyete St. Martin^ and flopped 
at Porto Praya. 

The next Day it was calm, and in the After- 
noon a great Swell rowled into the Bay from the 
South- Weft, which m^de. me fear a Southerly 
Wind ; but it being calm, and having but few 
Hands to row out • befides, Night being fo high, 
I was neceflitated to run the Hazard, by lying 
in the Bay all "NigjAt \ thou^K^ to make nay- 

fiif as iectnre as I could, I run behiixl the btde 
Ifland, and anchored in Two Fathom Water. 

It held calm all Night, the Sea ccmtinued to 
foam in from the South-Weft, and looked venr 
black in the Weftei;pi Board; which were att 
Signs of a South, or South-wefterly Wind : In the 
Morning at dawning, I weighed, and rowed out 
of the Bay, my Men ipelling one another at one 
Oar, and I rowing at the odier, the little Boy 

By the Time that we got the Length of the 
Southermoft Point that makes the Bay,, the Breeze 
appearing to come on the Water, we hoifted our 
Sails ready : It came on very weak ; however, 
with the Wind, and the Help of our Oars to- 
gether, we got the Length of Porto Lohoj where 
I deiigned to have waited an C^>portunity of a 
Wiiid to run for the windward Hlands, and, if 
poffible, to touch fiift at Bona Vifi^ where I knew^ 
there was a good Market for trovifions ; but the 
Nordiiem Stream being juft made, and die Wifl<l 
b^inning to freihen up at South-Eaft, I changed 
my Refblution, and ftood for Porto Madera^ where 
I arrived, and moored before Night. 

Here I waited Eight Days, and dben having a 
Southerly Wind, which came pretty fi*efii, I failed 
from Porto Madera^ and ftretched over for the Ifle 
of May^ and about duskilh, I was abreaft of the 
Calyete^ about Two Leagues oflSng. 

The Wanders few me, and, I fiippofe, being 
in Hopes I was bound to their Mand, they made 
a Light for me at the Calyete ; but perceiving 
me pals that Place, and keep fllU to the £aft<« 
ward, they put out the Light, and made a great 
Fire at Paa Seco. 

I kept on my Courfe to the Eaftward, and 
. when I came abreaft of Nan^ia Cover aada^ I law 
another great Fire made there alio. 

I ftill kept on to Eaftward, till I thought I wai 
jpaft the GbaUoons^ which is a Ledge of liinken 
Rodcs ftretching a long way off, from the North- 
Baft Side of the Ifland ; and then I fteered as di- 
red as I could^ for Calyete St. Jorge ^ at Bona 


As Night came on, the Gale decreafed, and by 
Two or Three of the Clock in the Morning, it 
was dwindled away to a flat Calm. 

When Day broke out, Monta Pinofe bore about 
Wefti-South-Weft, and I. computed myfelf to be 
about Four Leagues, or better j from the nigheft 
Part of the liland ; I could plainly fee Bona Vijia^ 
but after the Sun-rife, it di&ppearedi 

I lay driving in that Channel between the Iflc 
oiMay^ zxi^Bona Vift^ about Three Weeks, with 
variable light Airs of Wind, moftly cahxi ^ at laft 
I got on the North-Eaft Side of the Ifland, and 
thought to have gone round that Way, and fb 
come to the Porto Englefe • but the Wind and the 
Current fb baflled me, together with the Dulnefi 
of my Frigot's Heels, that I was hooked in behind 
the North-Eaft Point ; and the Eaftern Trade- 
wind blowing, I was forced to bear away round 
the South-End of the Ifland, by which Means I 
had an Opportunity of obfervang the Keef^ or, a^ 
the Pilots call it, a River which runs off a great 
Way from the Land, at leaft One League and a 
Half, and fb far off, I believe, I faw the Sea 
break : It's a Ledge of funken Rocks, and great 
Stones^ and from a Mile diftance off, to the 
Shore, are feveral Swatches and Channels to go 
through, having Water enough for any Ship : 
There was a great rowling Swell, and the Wind 
frefliened up, veering to the South-Eaft, which 
made the Sea break where^ I believe, there might 
be Two or Three Fathoms, or, perhaps, more^ 
Water, where I went over. 

r 337 ] ' 

I thought I was without the Ledge, but jiifl 
before I was got the Length of it, I law the Scsl 
break very high, as though it beat againft a Rock^ 
which dia not a little furprize me ^ for I was (hot 
fo far on, that I coidd nbt luff up enough to wea* 
ther it, and when the great Seas came on, they 
broke, feemingly, to me, every where on it, be* 
tween me and the Shore. 

I run for the imootheft Place ^ the Sea foamed^ 
and rowled as if it was going to break, but did 
not ^ I founded going over, and the leaft Watei? 
I had on it, was better than Four Fathom. 

I got into Calyete Si. Gieofge that Evening 5 thc^' 
Night proved rainy, with Thunder, and abun- 
dance of Lightening, the Wind being from the 
South-South-Eaft, to the South-Weft, and then 
flew about to th€ Weft^North-Weft, and Norths 
*and then cleared Up. 

We rid pretty finooth, the Sandi and Rock 
keeping off the Sea, though it blew pretty hard^ 
^hiie the Wind was at South*-Soudi-Eaft, and 

I lay there Two Days • but there being no con- 
venient Key or Rock to land at, I took the firft 
Opportunity^ and got up to the Englijh Road^ 
where was a Portuguefe Lanch, which the Pirates 
had left there, and gave her to Domingo Gonfalvo^ 
who lent her to me. 

Having launched and brbught her pn Board, 
I employed People to get me a Cargo of Salt, and 
bring it down as faft as they could ^ which they 
^ could not do very faft, the late Rains having 
melted all the Salt in the Pans , however, they 
went to work, cleared the Pans of the Rain Wa-* 
ter, and fillcid them up with Pickle^ and, in 
about Three Weeks Time, I got Salt enough 
made, and heaped up s but the Way was fb wet 
and flippefy with the frequent Riams^ th^t \kv^ 


Afles could hardly go, for it was then tke 
Middle o£ Augufi^ 1724 i ^"^ about this Time 
we law a Sail, which came into the Road where 
I was, which proved to be a Sloop belonging to 

Briftolj commanded by Captain Who 

had the Bifhop of ^t.JagOy and the Vtfitador 
General^ with their Attendance, on Board, and 
were going their Vlfitation round the Iflands ; and 
after that, the Vifitador was to vifit all the Coaft 
of Guinea^ under die Authority of the King of 

W hen they law me, it daunted them, they 
thinking I was a Pirate y for feldom, and very 
rare, any Ships touch at thefe Iflands at thi* 
Time oi the Year. 

The Captain, to be better informed, fent his 
Yawl on B6ard^ and he told me afterward$» 
if I had detained his Boat, or that he faw me get* 
under Sail, he would have ftbod off, and prepared 
for Defence. 

She was a ftout Sloop, had tight Guns, and 
Sixteen Hands, and, if I be not deceived, the 
Captain was a Alan of Courage. 

As loon as the Boat came on Board, I was not 
a little rejoiced to hear Men ipeaking my Native 
Lani![uac;e 5 they asked me. Habere I belonged to/ 
1 loJd t!iem ^cLu I-zcjs^ &c. 

They told me, ^Lcr Curtain gave bis Service 
to ;;;.', ,^j.d drjsrcd v;y Cowpany ok Board, 

1 aiilwoi'cd, Tbai as jocn as tbeir Slcop came ti 
izn . ih:lc}\ I u'cuLi go on Board. 

They told me 'xbatthey zvere apprebenfive IwaSy 
c7id rta: tbfir Captain zi'as afraid to ancbor^ till be 
':i\:s htter i'^ifcrmed. 

I lecing they had no Arms, did not much 
miih'uft them • however, I did not care to ven- 
ture, till I was fure ; fo I told them, ^bey fsw 
y:l\:: I ''jcas^ but I did not knc^j; wbat tbey were ; 

, C ^)9 3 

^tit would han)e them go on Boardy and give my 
Service to their Captain^ and tell him^ I would wait 
x>n him^ as foon as be came to Anchor^ tf he pleafed 
to fend bis Boaty for / ha^d none 5 fb awa v thty 
vrtntj and, I fuppofe, \o\d him what I faid. 

He immediately lent the Boat for me again^ 
\o defire me to do him the Favour to come and 
mtbor his Veffel rn the befi Birth of the Road^ for 
ie was not Acquainted with it^ neither had be any 
Me bn ^oari that was. 

When I fiw the Boat coihing again the Second 
^Time, I begto to Tear theV were Rogues, for he 
Bad a Jack Enfign and rendant flying, which 
fe^de hitn look the inofe fufpicious. 

When the Boat came on Board, they told me 
theif Erfafid 5 fb I went with them, and anchored 
the Veflel in a good Birth ; the Bifhop, Sc wa^ 

rtfc alhoTe dli'edly ; after which, the Cat)tain and 
had Leilure tb talk. 

I gave him an Accbunt what I was, and the 
Occafion of rny being in that Condition, ^c. He 
vras very courteous to toe, and offered to <io any 
thing for fiiCj, that fiy in his Power : I told him 
toy Delign of taking Salt iii for St. Nicbvlasj &c. 
}ie told me. His People and Bo^t fliould put it oii 
Board of me^ and gave ihe ifome thin Canvas t6 
intend my Sliils with, arid a J?iece,of an old Hawfer 
abbut Fifteen fathom long, and made me lie on 
!feoard with hito all the Time he ftayed. 

He would fain have had me gone with him, 
nvhich 1 was very willing to db, till I came to under-^ 
ttarrd the Defigil of the Voyage, ^i^hich would no 
Ways agree with what you may call hikmarie or 
imiverfai Juftice, neither was it lafe ; however, t 
4hdl not, as riot thinking it proper, fay any more 
€if it i and this is the only Reaibn why I have not 

V -' 

iL't >as^ 

C 34<^ ] 

He had a good Stock of evcrv thing ufually 
carried to Sea, as Wine, Branay, Sugar, &c. 
and he was of a very free and generous Diq)ofition9 
tkxid I fared, you muft think, after another Rate 
than I had done for' a long Time paft ^ however, 
at firft I was very cautious and fearing, both as 
to my Eating arid Drinking, for fear it might ftir 
up too quick a Fcmient in the fluid tarts of my 
Body, by the unnlixal Addition of fiich hot a&ive 
Spirits, as good Eating and Drinking commonly 
produce^ but notwitbftandjng my Caution, the 
new Diet, and ipirituous Drink, caufed an Agi- 
tation, or Ferment, tliough infenfible, till it came 
to the Heighth of a Feyer, which increafed 

He would not let me go from on Board of him, 
and ufed me as tender, as if I had been a near 
Relation, fending the Boat with his Second Mate, 
to put the Salt on Board my Boat ^ and likewife 
to lee and put every thing in order , he alfb o(^ 
fered me to fend his Second Mate in my Boat, 
with fbme Hands, and I to ftay on Board of him, 
where I could have any thing, and be better tend- 
ed, than on Board my owh Veflel ^ but then I 
confidered the Unhealthinels of St. Jago at that 
Time, which was as if a Man was to go to a 
Country where the Plague raged 5 likewife he 
was to lail in a Day or Two, and was relblved not 
to he at St. Jago above Twenty-four Hours, as 
well to avoid the Contagion which then began to 
rage, as likewife the Danger of the Southerly and 
Wefterly Winds blowing j though, as to the laft, 
I could have lecured myfelf, by running into the 
Calyete St. Martin^ but then I fhould have been 
in die moft fickly Part of the Ifland. 

He would fain have perliiaded me to have 
quitted the Boat, and offered me Encouragement 
iuiFiCient to have induced me to do fb , but that, 


[ 34t ] 

as I oblerved to you before, I thought the Enter- 
prize he defigued to go upon, neither fafe, nor 
agreeable to the Notion I had of common Juftice, 
whatever it might be to another. 

The Reader may, perhaps, think it was Pyracy 
the Gentleman was deligned for ^ but I do afliire 
him, it was not. 

I ftaid on Board of him, till the Bifhop, Vifi- 
tador, and all his Paflengers, were on Board, and 
he unmoored, and fliort on his other Anchor ; for, 
he faid, I (hould ftay to the laft Minute that he 
ftayed : He bid me take what Things I thought 
might be ufeful^ to me in my Illnels, out of hi^ 
Medicine Cheft, which I did, ^viz. Some Sp. 
Sal Armoniack, Tin6t. Antimonii, Ol. Sulph. 
Camp, and fbme Theriac. Andromachi, ^c. 

He bid me net [pare any thing that I thought 
pjould he of life to me. 

I thanked him, and faid, / hoped that would 
do 5 he bid me take a little Laudanum^ I told 
him, Hardly any Preparation of Opium eier agreed 
with me. 

. He tdd me. He bad fome of Mathews^j P/7/, 
which I bad not' feen ; and I told him. If it was 
rightly prepared^ I befie^ved it was a good Medi- 
cine. ' ^ 

He {aid. He believed the Preparation was good^ 
and with that, gave me about Half an Ounce or 
it, and ordered fbme Bread to be put in the Boat 
for me, and a Dozen of Wine, Haifa Dozen of 
Brandy, a Piece of a Loaf of Sugar, Ibme Butter, 
Oatmeal, Flower, and what elle he could then 
think would be neireflary for me. 
' The Bilhop all the Time pbferving the Friend- 
(hip and Freedom between us, at laft asked the . 
Captain, Whether I was related to hint? he an- 
swered and faid^ Tes\y I was a Chrifiian^ a Pro- 
tejiant^ a Man^ a Countryman.^ mi a tettef Ma\\ 

C 34* ] 

than he^ though I bad bad the Misfortune offalHnjf^ 
into the Hands of Pyrates ; and that bis Countrymen 
always ufed one another fo. 

After I had taken my Leave, I went intx) the 
Boat, aivd was put on Board my own Veflfel ; ^nd 
as foon as they returned on Board, he weighed, 
and failed. 

The Evening following, I aWJ> faikd for St. 
Ncbdasj which was the principal iflan4 for Afies, 
and that was the firft Commodity Ships canae to 
trade for in thofc Parts, and moft an. end a Ship 
touched at St. Nicholas for A0es. h\ the Month of 
Novemler^ or December], and thofe that came in 
January^ commonly loaded Sallv 

I made St. Nicholas m the Morning about Six 
of the Clock ; the Wind was about South- Weft, 
and looked very dark and rainy, as well as wiiady- 
like, which" made me lotlj to venture in, all the 
Roads of that Ifland being open to thofe Winds y 
lb I brought too, to confider what to do, we 
were then about ,Four leagues off, I was very 
weak, but tlie Cold and Wet had abated the Heat 
of my Fever, together with the Care and Charjge 
which I had upon me, as having no-body that I 
could truft. 

After I brought too, it rained very hard, and 
blew, which held till about Four in the Afternoon, 
then the Wind veering about to the North-Weft, 
North-North- Weft, and at laft to the North, and 
clearing up, promifed a fine, moderate, pleafant 
Night ^ upon which I refotved to run in a Cove, 
by the Inhabitants called Porto Gbuy^ which I' 
judged better, as having lefs Sea tumbling in, 
than at Pjrjglef:. 

If it had continued untoward Weather, my 
Dctign wns to run for the Ifland of St. J^w^/^ 
where there is both a fafc and fecure Harbour for 
all Winds j but there beiu^ no Inliabitants, and I 

[ 343 ] 

being very ill and weak, if I grew never ih 
little worle, I Ihould have been rendered tin- 
capable of getting my Boat back, I having ,no- 
body that I could truft to : But the Weather 
breaking up, and promifing well, I run for Porfo 
Gbuy^ and got in and anchored, about an Hour 
after Night. 

There were Ibme of the St. Nicholas People 
out there a fifhing, and they had got a Fire in 
a finall Qve a little Way up from tlie Sea. As 
foon as we ^anchored. Two of them came down to 
the Se^ Side and haled us ; I anfwered, and told 
them who I was 3 they knew me, and immediately 
fwam off on Board, and were glad to fee me, 
and laid, ^bey all thought the little Boy and I had 
hctn drowned y and fo did my Boy that I had left on 
the I/land^ hut were forry to fee me in that itcak 
Condition ; adding. That they ^wondered to fee me 
come iftto that Koad^ efpecially in the Nighty for 
ijhey jte^ver faw any Stranger ccme in there lefcre. 

i told them, I'hat Jbadfeen the Peek over the 
Port^ plain before Night ^ and that I remevdcrcd it 
rvery ivell^ ezrr fince it 'was fljcwed to me when I 
u'as at the Ifland before. 

One of them fwam afhore, and brought mc a 
Cag of fweet Water ofl^ which I much bn^cd and * 
wilhed for ^ the Water at Bona Vijl being brackifn, 
vnlefs a Man brought it down Six or Eight 

After they had flaid a little, and talked, they 
fwam a(hore to their Conforts. 

It held moderate clear Weather till after Mid- 
night, and; then thickened, and about Three or 
Four a Clock, it rained {o hard, that notwith- 
ttanding the Sea that rowled in, and made a great 
Noife beating againft the Rocks, yet we could for 
all that, hear the Rain Water rnnnins; from the 
Mountains, and felling down the iCocks v^k^ 

Z 4 ^5\i\\N.\ 

uU\\\ 1 1 .\llli thiuulcrcil and lightened very much, 
Ml \\yx' \\\\\\\ ivmimicd ficlli Nonherly, and to 
%\ \,n;;1iAo::S.I\%iK which turned the South- 
NX, , S;i. ,^-v-. r.-jK^-^ *i V^^^' imooth Sea on the 

\'-. -.'*'. \-i-iC.> •: ycir^up, and proved 
j^ ..-- ' ■" . \ ■••^ ; TTi-vj^riri Gile at North- 
^ - - • ** '■• -.— .i*.*. :\i.' iicuic V.'cither. 

•» s • - :^.. ; vT; T^T- Z v^c zT.tdj and 

.:rr.: Or-ihore 

- ....v.\ J^-Ji ^ X:mh-Eaft-and- 

•v.^^cr. :i rhc Port of P.;/'.:^l't :, it 

V .-, -■ • , *v.-.: r:* knca* :: in ihe Xight ; I run 

'v; r: :r.c Shrre, and now and then macs 
:.^ • r- y.iT."tTs found ; for there was a Sand- 
. : X .' - .-Iviit Haifa League fhort of P.r-.rZc :, 

V i: .\/ou: Fo:.r or Five Fathom Water en ;:, 
.'■■J. rciched aVo.": Haifa Mile off from rhe Rc-cki, 

s.ui was r-ccut One foiir:h of a Mile I: r.g : Tr.y 

I-«. .■• • * '11 ▼>. • . • . " X 

coiild r.r.u 11, nnd as Icjii as Day brcl-:e cjr, :o 
-;:"i to P.:-.' '": ^: B\' ^ocd Fcr::;:-:?, v::!i, 
1 fv-nd ii, :ind orcI.orLu on i: i:i I :ur F^rhir: ^ 

• t * ' * ' ■ — ^ - 

. . * ' » • -• . - • ^ . 

' . ^ » 

• - • 

• • • 

■ * * • 

% . • r ■ . . . 

«^. .-•• --■.. ^ .%. ■^-- 


I 345 ] 

of the Iflanders would he dewn to exchange Mats 
for Salt. 

You muft know, that it being now the Turtle- 
Seaicw, and the People o£ St. Nicholas catching 
and fkldng that amphibious Creature, and ufing. 
it more than any of thofe Iflands do ; and having 
^ befides, no Salt Pans, and very little made on the 
' Kocks y and thofe Rocks where that little is made,. 
being (b difficult, as well as dangerous, to go 
down, that very few of the Inhabitants care for 
venturing, there being Two Men killed attempting 
to go feek for Salt, while I was on the Ifland ; 
All thefe Reafons made it a very valuable Gsm-* 
modity on that Ifland at . this Time : And they 
asked me. How I would difpofe of my Salt ? I told 
them, Meafure for Meafure^ which they agreed to, 
and all that had Com down, brought it on Board, 
and fliot it on the Fore-Caftle, I haKng the Veflel 
dole to the Rock, where it is Two Fathom and a 
Half at Low Water, and at high Water, at ordi- 
nary Tides, the Rock is about Four or Five Foot 
above the Surface of the* Water, and flat on tha 
Top like a Key, which the Inhabitants call Kaay^ 
and is a general Name they givQ to ail convenient 
Rocks for landing at. 

The Wind veering to the North-Ealt, the Sky 
towards Noon beqanie over-caft, as it often i^ 
with the Trade Vind, and looked feir Weather- 
like ^ but my Fear and Care being over, now I 
was gotjnto a Harbour, ^c. \ found, that as 
my Dangers decrealed, fo the Senfe of my Sick- 
nefs returned, and what with the Noife and Cabal 
of thoie People, Sc, I was forced to lie down : 
The Boy alfo v/as ill, thougl^ nothing nigh fo bad 
as I j and the Natives faid, ^.bat it was better ta 
have tne afhotety where Imi^t have a Fire made 
me in a Cave^ which was in Sight of the Boat^ and 
have a Bed mjxde me of dried Grafs^ Slc, So \jn^ 

St Antmtio Man, whcMn I always found to be a 
ienfible, careful, as well as an honeft, and afle-t 
Aionate Man to mc, laid, ^bat if I pleafed to 
tntruft bim^ be would take Care to meafure out all 
tbe Salt^ and take the fafne Meafure of Maiz for 
jw, as well as if I was prefent ; and that it would 
l^e fftote quiet for, fne to be afhore^ wbere I migbt 
haw a warm Cme to Jhelter me from tbe IV md 
and Cold ; and bave a fir^^ and a good [oft Bed of 
dry Grafs. 

I toM him, Wbetber I went a^ore^ or fiaid m 
Moard^ I was fo weak^ tbat J, muji trujl him - but 
if I was never fo well^ IJhould not quejiion bis 
yufinefs^ were it a Cargo: of twice tbe Value of what 
J now bad. 

The reft that were by, ^d- heard my Anfwer^ 
without asking me, or laying any thing to me, 
took mte up, and carried me alhore to the Cave, 
and got me a Bed of dry Grafe, made a Fire, and 
would fain have made me Ibme Pap, but I would 
not let them ^ I had a violent? hot Fever, and a 
little after I was laid there, the St. ^ntonia Man 
came and told me, fhe Forecafile was full of Com^ 
and a great deal on the garter Beck ; and if I 
thought well of it^ he was of Opinion^ ti would be 
better to put the reft of the Maiz in fome clean 
Clefts or Hollow of a Kock^ till I tbougbt fit to 
put it on Board. Adding, nat there was Maiz 
enough down to purchafe all the Salt^ a7?d that 
they might fboof tbe Remainder in the Hollow of a 
Kocky and then he could meafure them out their 
Salt^ and did not fear hut to clear the Boat of all 
her Salt before Nighty wbicb^ if we did nctj be 
was afraid a great deal would he wafted with the 
Rain ; /or, be believed^ we fhould baie as mucby^ 
er wore Rain^ than we bad the former Night. 


G 347 ] 

I faid, if it turned to Kain again^ I mtch feared^ 
fue pould have a Soutb&rly IVind^ and then w$* 
Jhoatd lofe our Boat. 

He fitidj ^here was no Fear of that i for ewry^ 
hody^ and all the old People faidy h woutd be m 
Northern Buiin. 

I defired him to help me down to the Kaay^ 
.^md I would dire& to make the Boat as lecureljr 
faft as poffibljr we could. 

He laid. He would call fome to helphinr^ which'- 
he did, and one t6ok me undgr one Aim, and^ 
another under the ocher^ and helped me dowA. 

It beginning to rain fmall Rajn^ already, 1 
n^uch £^red a Southerly, or Wefterty Wind, 
which was- aU the Wind that could hurt me ; the 
Blacks {aid, / need not feaf that^ and (hewing me* 
a Sugai!-Loaf*like Hlft, called, Mmte Fradre^ 
told me, ^hat mifty Cap which the fop of it wof * 
cohered witbj was^ nkeay^ a Sign if a. Northerly 
IVindi and that all the Chuds. and Rain earned 
from 4he Northern. Board • But be iP kow ft wouldj 
ft was not in my Power then, to ojvsid it. ' 

\ told them, IVe tmfi truft to Gt)d for the JVea^ 
ther^ and Jill that could be done^ was^ to fecure- 
awd make her^ as fafi as we could. 

They laid), :Any thing that I bid them-j that they 
couldy th£y would do with all their Hearts. 

I told diefn to bring the End of the great Cable' 
afhore (which was a Piece of a large Hawfer, 
about Fifteen Fathom' long, which the J?r//?(?/ Cap- 
tain gave me at Hona Vift'^ and I would fkew thent> 
howy and where to make it f aft '^ which accordingly^ 
they did, and made it faft to a ftrong N6b of a* 
Rock, and the odier End was made' faft on Board 
forward, but flack, to he ready, if it fhoul* 
blow, to caft off the Stern-faft, and let her* 
fwing Head to the Wind, and lb ride between thev 
Anchor, and the Shor©-hawfetu 

[ J48 ] 

A young Alan, who faid he had been taken 
hff Captain Loe coming firom Virginia^ and fbme 
Mondis paft, had efcaped from him at the Ifland 
of St. Vtticenfj while Loe was there a cleaning and 
vefitdng 1^ Merry Cbrifimas^ a Ship belonging to 
Jjmdcn^ which he had taken coming from Virgi-- 
nia ; this young Man^ who told me his Name was 
iSecrge^ and was bom in Bevmjbire^ faid. He 
Wouhl lie in the Veflel all Night : I ordered them 
to lave a Barrel of Salt, which I defigned for Pre- 
fents to the Pri^ft, Governor, &c.. which they 
did, and bartered all the reft of the Salt for Maiz, 
and Ibme Fefhoons. 

I was carried up to the Gave again after the 
Boat was iecured ; the Boy, being better than in 
Ac Morning, chcde to be with George on Board ; 
and they brought moft of my Cloaths aihore to the 

About (as nigh as I could guefs) Eight of the 
Cock at Night, the Wind veered to the South- 
Eaft, and blowing and raining very hard, I came 
down to the Rock Side, and made one of the 
Blacks call to him on Board, to veer more upon 
the Anchor Cable 3 but could not make him hear. 
The Sea run \'ery high, and the Wind veered to 
die South-South-£aft and South, and I was un- 
cal>' becaufe fhe had fb finall a Scope of the An- 
chor Cable out, and faid, I'be Boat would be loft 
for want of veering Cable j for the Sea run fo deep 
and hollow, that the Boat, with that ihort Scope, 
could not play^ but fetched fuch JirJcs, that either 
ibmething muft have given Way, or the Boat 
have funk. 

The St. Antonio Man hearing me fey {o^ told 
me, Rjitber than tbe Bfilandra wbicb bad carried 
us through Jo many Seas and Dangers^ Jbould be lofty 
for want (f veering Cabhy be would try to fwim off 
m £oardy come L^e^ cowc Death. , 

C U9 1 

I'he Blacks that were prefent diflwaded him all 
they could, telling him, S'bat it was impoJItble for 
^ny Mortal to fwiin off in fucb a Sea ; and befides^ 
the Sea beat fo powerfully againft the Rocks^ that 
it would be impoffible but that be Jhould be dajh*d 
into ^ tboufand Pieces againfi tbeniy if be attemp'^ 

He laid. Had the Captain been fo kind to bim t6 
bring bim bere^ and Jbpuld be be afraid to bazard 
bis Life to ferve bim ? noj he faid^ it Jhould ne^tyer 
be faidi and down he went to the Rocks £dge, . 
and. watched an Opportunity of the finootheft Sea^i 
and darted himfelf into it, and got on Board. 

tt was not from the Kaay that he leapM, for 
that now was overwhelmed every Sea j but did 
Rock that he jump'd ofi^ was farther in the Bay^ 
and where he Jump'd frcmi, wasatleaft 50 Foot 
above the Surmce of the Water. ■ . 

Juft a£>re he jump'd in the Sea, a Sea walh'd 
over the Bow, that frightenM George and the 
Boy: I. heard the Boy cry out, though George. 
could not hear me. As foon as the. Black got on 
Board, he' told Georgs what I had ordor'd to do 5 
but George ieeing the Sea all of a foaming Breach 
a-Stem of him, and in the Night fiich Sights 
leem to be nigher to one than they really are, was 
afraid to veer any Cable, left the Boat Ihould 
be in the .Breach of the Shore. 

The Black told him, ^bat be could be in no 
Danger. y for that the IVind blew right in on the 
Beacby and^ that the Sea^ if any thing ga^e IVay^ 
would heave the Boat in a Manner dry up. 

He had promised me before he went ojS^ when 
he heard me wilhing my Boy was fafe aftiore, that 
he would engage to bring him off fafe, whatever 
befel the Vefiel, or elle tfiat he would not come 
himfelf s and told George^ He would take Care of 
the Boy^ &c. but all that he could utgi ot f^^ xs^ 

fSiBdrgpy (iotdd tidt pirevajl with tim to veer exit 

The Blacks from afliore cali'd to the Softt; 

vrho were aniwerM bjr the Blade that l^am 60^ 

ThatMfibJl^^vlfry weU^ but (r^^f made An^xitrj^ 

. No^ it was ix^ wiry iiMrtf^ /m* ^ivj^ expend ^9Wff 

Sea to he fitf'd. ».,,.,. 

. My ^^m^^^'^exc^ watf \oF the Boy } mU what 
Mth 6m i:!faii% ina aii^^ the 8eti& of my 
Feverwa8^e5 bat 1 hJi^ fuch ia Weaknefi^ that 
«eD my Ivigms or Ores could not affeft me & itt 
fio overoomeJt $ and Itbuld not get up^ nor ^vMlk 
erne Step,* ^withoiit bting iiif)^^ 
-:^ Tfa^Bkcks perceiving my Condtrn much ihor6 
jbr die Boy dian for die Boat^ a$. indeed it was^ 
pot £> lauda matterif^ her ndw ; £:^ we were got 
•n an lilibid, from whence we ttigbt Jii!ft{>e(ft 4 
Deliverance, in as flimt al^lme, as froni any df 
iSM Cape fy Vefd ItLwkds y the Blacks told ime, / 
iteed not fear tbe Soy j for tbey were fure^ kt tbi 
Balandra come off bm Jhe wouldy that the Bof 
would be fafe. 

: The Wind incfeas'd, arid -confequently the Sea, 
which rowted right into the G>ve - and thoi^ 
tt^ere is an Ifland or Rock, \^faich you would think 
might break off the Fury of the Waves, as be^ 
mg then right to windward of the Boat, and. 
in finooth Water*, ^Pid above the Sur^ce of 
the Water twelve or fourteen Foot ; yet now it 
did not feem in the leaft to flielter, but the Sea 
ieem'd to be rather worie by being broike, rowl* 
ing in over the Rock, which very leldom noW 

At laft the Sea with the Wiiid irtcreas*d lb, that 
one would think it impipffibie for foch a Veflel^ 
or even any one, to how out, or rcfift the raging 
Porce of the Wind and Sea ^ which none can coil- 
ceive, but thofe vrVK:>fc Tuoc CJ3t Itai^t fey Mb-. 

i ^5« 3 

fortune) it is t& be expos'd to th* taging Voras^ 
of thofe two Elements tcwjether. Sbon after the 
Shore-faft gave way, and then (he fwiing off, aikl 
rid in the Streiam of her Anchor, anid (eemM 
to ride more eafy, and play with the Sea bet* 
ter ; and rid fb about half an Hour, when a Sea 
came foaming in, as tho' it icornM to be oppos*d^ 
even by the high mountainous Rocks iliec^ves, 
jamd threatned to bear down all, as it were, before 
it, and to us ieem*d to fivallow up the poor Vet 
fd ; for we did not fee her for about the Space of 
a Minute. 

The Cbn&quence of it was, the Cable broke^ 
and thai S^ carryM her up on die Beach £f high, 
that fhe lay tindifturb'd more than a Quarter of 
an Hour. As foon as ihe came afiiore, they alt 
got out of bet) and in the Fright run up this ^ 
Valley as high as the Rodcs would let thems 
but when they recover'd from their Fright, and 
law them&Lves iafe, they tetum'd down again to 
the Boat^ which lay aU this Time quiet, as being 
out of the Reach of the Sea ; Gear^ went oa 
Board, and might have &vd ieveral odd Things^ 
Svhich I had pick'd up in the Time of Tny Pere-^ 
grination in her ^ but while he was in her, a great 
Sea rowFd on, which was only the Forerunner of 
a greater 5 for it only IhockM her ; biit lb fright- 
en d George y and perhaps it would have done the 
£une to any other, that he made all the Ha&e out 
he could, and brought nothing with him but a 
Bottle of that Wine, which my Friend had giveil 
toe at Bona. Viji. 

As I faid, that Sea that Ihock'd the Veflel, wa* 
1 Forerunner of a greater ; for prefently after 
George got afliore out of the Boat, a Sea came 
that ftav*d her all to Pieces ; the Blacks that were 
with me went down to them, and gathered all the , 
Pieces of Boards, and what elfe the^j coxJA^ ^^ax 

tiie Sfca h6ve. on to die Shore ; an4 one of thenl 
brought the BOy up to the Cave to me, where we 
remained till Morning. 

I wet all Night, fitting on the Rock M 
behold the Boat, with the Rain and Spray of the 
Sea being blown up by the Violence of the Wind, 
as if I had been come out of the Sea ; and it 
4oubtleis did me k great deal of Harm, and per* 
haps was one great Cauie of that long and tedi- 
ous Sicknefs, which hddme till after my Arfival 
in England^ and was a principal Cauie of my 
having Leifure to write this Hiftory. 

As loon as Day broke out, by which Time the 
Weather began to clear up, and be more modc-> 
rate,.tho' a great Sea ftill run, I could behold the 
Ruins of my Eight (I might fay Ten or Twelve) 
Months Labour, lying piled up on the Shore. 
With the Help of tome of them, I was carry'd 
down the Rocks, and view'd what was favM, 
which was moft Part of the Wreck, fbme Pieces 
of the Sails, one of my IrOn Pots, an Ax, Saw, 

They told me. It was not propef nor fafe for 
one in my Condition^ to be there exposed to the Cold 
and Wet^ and wijh^d what I had already fufferdj 
did not prove of ill Confequence to me ^ and that it 
would he better for me to go to ^own^ and take Care 
of myfelf^ and fee and fell the Remains of my 
Boat^ &c. which they beliei/d fome of the Country 
People would buy to make Doors^ &c. for their 
Houfesj and bid me not fear that any body would 
be fo barbarous^ as to wrong me of the leaft Bit of 


I told them, / did not trouble myfelf about tbat^ 
as not being worth my taking Notice of: All that I 
was concerned at^ at prefent^ was^ how the little Boy 
and I Jhould fubfift till a Ship came here^ wherein 


r 353] 

t ^/^^^ g^^ k P^jf^g^ to my own CouHtfy^ or to forU 
other Part 'Sabere Ships more frequently trade. 

They faid. As for thaty I need not fear hiA 
what I Jhould meet with as ff>6d Entertainin^nt as I 
did at St. John' J, facing, that they bad not fucb 
Plenty ofFleJh i But the Governor ^ &id they, nevet 
wants Goats Flep^ and if you pleafe^ we know yoti 
may he welcome to lodge there ; but let me lin)e with 
\xjhom I wouldy they faid^ they were fure that hi 
would always fend me wild Goaty more than I eould 

I emitted to acquaint the Reader, that thd 
Prieft who was on the Ifland when I was taken 
by the Pirates,, was exchanged, and another, whd 
anb was lent from Portugal y plac'd there by the 
Bifliop, ^ho had touched here before he touched 
at JlSona vifty and he was with the Bifhop there^ 
and very glad to fee me, and gave me fomc Clodths^ 
and two Dollars in Money, and a Rug, a Pillow, 
and a Oun, which he had oif mihe along with 
him, when he was alhore at CurrifaL when the 
Pirates took me ; arid alfo a Letter from him td 
the Padrij who fucceeded him at St. Nicholas ; he 
alio procut'd a Letter from the Biihop to the two 
Fradre*s who were at St. Anthoniay and goVern'd 
that Ifland for the M3X({\xq& des MinhaSy in Cafe 
I touched there, to do me all die good Office* 
which they could 5 both which Letters they 
brought me with my other Things^ when I wai 
carry'd alhore out of the Boat. 

There wis one of them that was dowri^ had an 
Als, and offerM it to me to carry me up, and told 
the, / had beft get up b^for^ thic Sun rofe • too high 5 
hthefwifey as I was fo weaky it would make me 
wery fanaipo to go up in the Heat of the Day. He 
i^dded, ^hat if no othet Affes came down,^ . they 
would mdkejhtfi and carry the Boy up after me : So 
I llrai; tiidunted on the AJ^, and thxt^ ot ioxxt ^c^ 

, [?54] 

company 'd me up, and one or more ran np to 
Town before, to give the Padre and Governor an 
Account of my Condition, and alfo of my com- 
ing up. 

I was met on the Way by Singore Nicbolan 
Gonfalvoj with whom I had been acquainted be- 
fore, whofe Father had been formerly Governor 
of the Ifland : He was fbrry f9r my Lofi, I be- 
lieve, with aU his Heart, and teftify'd fb much by- 
his Tears, and obliged me to promife to live with 
him till I had an Opportunity of meeting with a 
Ship to carry me off the Ifland. 

When I came up to Town, I rid diredUy to 
the Governor's Houfe, who had made Prepara- 
tion to receive me ^ and as foon as the Prieft heard 
I was come, he came diredtly to welcome me to 
Town, as well as to condole witli me in my Mis- 
fortune. I told them, / thought the great eft of my 
frefent Misfortune was^ my want of Health -, and 
as for the Lofs of the Boat^ or any thing in her^ I 
accounted it as nothings fhe hanging alreaay anfwerd 
my Dejtgn in Building her^ which was only to bring 
me off of that lonejome Ifland^ where feldom any 
Ships came^ to fome Part where I might expeH to 
meet with one ; and hoped I was as likely to light 
of one here^ as any of the Cape de Verd Ifiands. 

The Prieft faid. He hoped I fhould : ^bat as 
for his Part^ he was a greater Stranger to the Na- 
ture of thofe I/lands than I was^ being but lately 
come from Portugal 3 but bid me reft affurd^ that 
during my ft ay there ^ I fhould want for nothing that 
the Jftand afforded^ or was in his Power to do for 
me 5 and that he had often heard his Predecejfor 
Padre Duego talk very refpeSifully of me ; and as 
I was in the Gpuernors Houfe^ he would not af" 
frmt bim fo mufh^ to ask me to go and live with 



l*he Governor faid. He MpeEied me to liwmtb 
bim^ while I remained on the I/land. 

I told him, / muft beg him not to take it amifs 5 
for not having any perfonai Acquaintance with bim^ 
nor the Reverend Padre^ J had already promised Sin-- 
gore Nicholau Gonfalvo, my old Acquaintance^ to 
live with him. 

The Govdrnbr laid, Singore Nicholau was a 
good Man ^ and fince I bad given him my IVord to 
Un)e with bim^ which he was Jorry for, yet knowing 
that Engliflunen are fo fixt to their Wbrd^ that they 
will not be induced for any Advantage to hriak it^ 
he would not infifi upon perfwiding m to what he 
by long Experience knew to be the natural Difpofi^ 
tion of all iny Countrymen in general^ and of me in 
a more hfpecial Manner ; for be bad^ he faid, often 
heard Singore Padre Duego praife me^ and fay he 
believed I was one of the beft £ngli(hmen that ever 
he was acquainted withy and wanted nothing to 
Tnake me a Saint upon Earthy but to he a Cbriftian 
Cmeanihg a Roman). 

I told the Padre^ ^hai I believed I had a Letter 
for him from Padre Duego, and likewife bad one 
from the Bifhop for the Fradrc's of St. Antonio, 
but did not know bow they could come by it. 

H© faid. One of them was here at St, Nicholas 
nowy and be would fend him to me^ and defir^d to 
fee that Letter that was for him. 

I told him, / had it not about me^ but Singore. 
Nicholau Gonfalvo was gone down to Faraghefi, to 
fetch up my I'hingSy ana as fo0n as he was come 
backj I would fend it to him. 

By this Time the Viduals were ready, and 
brought to the Table, which were Fifli, Fowls, 
Goats Flelh, Indian Corn Bread, Plantanes, Ba- 
nana^s, boil'd Pombion, ^c. the Fowls were bak'd 
in a Pot, and look d very well, and as brown as 
if they had been roaftcd, and the Vtxwvfo^ ^xA 

Aa 2 ,^>&v 

Fifli were boird, there was alfb a Calamow, which 
is a Calabafti cut in two, and ferves them in the 
room of Balbns and Porengers ; and this was 
brought to me full of Fifh Water, being reckoned 
by them the daintieft Mefi they can give to a fick 
or weak Perfbn ^ however, I could not drtnk oi* 
fup it, tho* I put the Calamow to my Head three 
or four Times without tafting it, becaufe I would 
not have them think I flighted the fick Mefi. 

I eat a bit or two of the Fowl, and after Din- 
ner lay down on a Bed, which was on Piffpofe fet 
up for me. 

In the Evening Nicholau came up, and having 
carry 'd all my Things that he brought up to hii 
Houfe, he came to the Governor's, and acquaint- 
cd me with what he had done ; and I took my 
Leave of the Governor, and went to my Lodging^ 
from whence I fent the Prieft his Letter. 

The next Day the Fradre came, and I delivcr'cf 
him the I^etter, which I had for him from the 
Bifliop 3 who, after he had read it, came to me, 
' and took me by the Hand, and kifi'd it, and 
laid, ^hat heJpelienfd the Singore Biipo never writ 
fuch a Letter for any Man before ^ and ashid me 
if I was acquainted with his IDuftriffimo in Por- 
tugal ? 

I told him, ^he Singore Bifpo knew m$ vefy 

He faid, He knew that hy the Letter -y and told 
me, If I bad come to St. Antonio with my Balan- 
dra, with nothing in ber^ I might have loaded her 
with AlaiZj Fefhoon^ or any thing the I/land afforded^ • 
and that gratis ^ and as often as I would 3 which he 
reported almoft to every body ; and Ihew'd the 
Letter to the Prieft and Governor, wherein was 
an Order, that^they Ihould fupply me with every 
thing that I wanted, which the Illand afifordcd. 

C 357 ] 

and charge it all to his Account, which made me 
be, in a very extraordinary Manner, refpefted. 

My Fever returned on me again, and burned * 
and raged violently about eight Days 5 and after 
that, Specially in the Night, I us'd to fweat cold 
clammy Sweats, to fuch a Degree, that my Land- 
lady one Morning, to try how much Sweat fhe 
could wring out, wrung the Bed Cloaths, which 
were Cotton, and flie wrung more than fiU'd a 
quarter of a Canada, which, of our Meafure, is 
about three Eighths of a Pint ; and doubtleft 
there was more than that Quantity Ibak'd into the 
Cotton befides, which, in my Opinion, was ex- 
ceffive ; and it may be beyond the Belief of fome, 
but I am fure it was Fa(5t. 

After thofe {wearing Fits were over, I uled to 
be fb weak for an Hour or two, that I could not 
ftir, neither did I care for Ipeaking. I could hear 
and apprehend diftindly what any body faid, 
which before I made them fenfible of it, they 
thought I was in fainting Fits, and fenfelels 5 but 
when they found it was not lo, they were better 

I had dry Cloaths every Morning, and Ibme- 
times, when I fweat in the fore Part of the Night, 
which was but feldom, they ufed to fhift my Bed 
Cloaths in the Night : My Landlord Singore iV?- 
cholOM Gonfalvo had Cotton Cloths enough, hav- 
ing the beft, and, I may fay, the only good Cot- 
ton Plantation on the Ifland ; and as fbon as ever 
the wet Cloaths were taken off, a Slave was fent 
to the River to wa(h them, that they might be 
ready to ufe when T had occafion for them., 

I was in this Condjitjon about a Fortnight after 
the burning Fever left me, and then my Sweats 
abated 3 and as they abated, which were very 
gradually, my Strength a little ina-eas'd ^ but 

A a 3 IrccoN^'i. 


1 recover'd my Spirits much iboner than my 


Either the Prieft, the Governor, the Fradre, 
or one or other of the Inhabitants, \ifed to vifit 
me every Day ; and when I was in my weak Fits, 
they would never {peak to nie, only come and 
look at me, and ask my Landlord, Landlady, or 
whoever of the Family was in the Way, how I 
was, ^c. 

After I beg^ to be a little hearty, my Landr 
lord ask*d me, IVbat I would do with th IVteck 
that was fm)d? 

I told him, H^ might do what be pleas d with it^ 
and [ufposd there could not be much of it lefty if it 
lay down there all this ^ime. 

He laid, He was fure there was not one Piece of 
all that was fav^d diminijb^d j for the Prieft bad 
chargd them all publickly at Churchy upon Pain of 
Excommunication^ not to touch or take away the leafi 
Bit oflfood^ or any thing effe^ and pronounced Dam- 
nation to any one that would wrong me of fo much 
as a Nail. 

1 told him, If any of it would be of any Ufe or 
Service to bim^ to take out as much as be had occa^- 
fion for^ as baling mofi Right to itj and the refi I 
would give to my Friends tvat I was nwjl obligated 
fOj as be would advife and dired me. 

He told me, / bad no Occafion to give one Bit 

away to any body ; be could have fold it all while I 

was fickj but was loth to trouble me then^ and would 

not dijhofe of it without my Order : And withal told 

me, ^bat the Pricji was minded to enlarge the Cboir^ 

and would have Occajion for all the Ulreck^ and 

bid me try what be would give me for it ; and if 

he would give any tbifig bandfome^ be believd it 

would be my better IVay to fell it to bim altcgetber^ 

than have the Irouble to felt it in Parcels to the 

People J and tbo I might make more^ yet it would 

C 35? 3 

he too trqfibUfome for me to go, down to Paraghefi, 
every ^me that a Man came to buy a ^eftoon^s 
worth of Stuff 'y and if I fleas* d^ he would firft tell 
the Prieft about it^ and inform him that I was able 
to difpofe of ity and that talking would not preju^ 
dice me now 'y and defird me^ if I fold it to bim^ 
to except a Piece which he made me underftand was 
the Scorn y becaufe he wanted it to make a Ridge- 
Pole for his Houfe^ 

I told him^ / wouldj and if there was any thing 
wore which he thought he Jhould have Occafion for^ 
it Jhould be alfo at bis Service. 

He laid, Noy he wanted only tbat^ and be would 
not take it till it was valud by a Couple ofMen^ and 
would pay me the full Value. 

I tx)ld him, / would not take any thing of him^ 
and be was welcome to allj or as much as he 

He laid. If I would not let him pay me for it^ as 
much as I could have for it of any body elfe^ he 
would not have it ; but bid me fell it with the refi 
to the Prieft. 

To pleafe him, I was forc'd to lay he (hould 
pay for it ; and he Ipoke to the Prieft about it, 
who came to me, and after we had talk'd about it, 
the Prieft laid. He did not know the Value of it ; 
hut he would fend down two old Men^ who jhould 
value it according to their Confcience^ and what they 
valud it aty he would give me^ if I thought it 
fufficient 5 // not^ I might difpofe of it as I thought 
fity and he would give free Liberty for any one to 
buy who had Occafion : Without which Liberty, 
no body dared buy any thing that fhe Prieft bid 
Money for. 

As loon as the Prieft had bid two Men to go 
down, and Nicbolau undcrftood who they were, 
he lent to them to come and Ipeak with him at 
his Houfc before they went down ^ wWch the^ 

Aa ^ ^A% 


did J and my Landlord told them. So a^^ accord- 
ing to tbeir Confcieftce, and 'value toe things to tb& 
full Hearth ; for that it was publick Money that was 
to pay for tt^ and therefore could fall heavy on no 
particular body ; adding, that I bad bad abun-r 
dance of Misfortunes^ and eniunerated as many as 
he knew, £^r. 

They faid they would confider it, and would 
v^lue every thing to the utmoft. 

When they re?um*d, and gave the Prieft an 
Account, he came to me, and told me, ^hat the 
tivo Men told bim that the utmoft of what all the 
things 'xere worth was ten Dollarsy which be 
tbougbt would not have come to above five ; but 
fiuce they had valud it fo^ and the People were^ 
wiUingy it beijig tbeir Money that muft pay for itj 
he being only Steward ; and confidering my Cafe^ h^ 
would not abate me any thing of that Price, tho^j 
according to the Inventory they gave bim of the 
Gccdsj be thought, as he faid before, it was more 
than they were worth by one half 

I told him, fheve was one Piece, which was my 
Boom, that I would referve to tnyfrlf for a particu- 
hrlTe. ' - 

He Jook'd in his Inventory, and (hewM to me 
where they had noted it by the Name of Ballan^ 
cun, which in their Language fignifies a Boom, 
and wns rated a Doljar, and told me, Jf I kept 
ti\Tf, I tKuft al\Tte a Dollar, and take nine Dollars 
fcr tte Kcrijindcr, 

My Landlord, who was prefent all the Time, 
made Signs at me, for he durft not Ipeak, not to 
a<ntrc to that. 

I was not ceitain what he meant, but gave a 
right gueli ^ and told die Prieft, J'bjt I would ccn^ 
fder cf it, and give him an Anfwer to Mcrrcw : 
I Ic laid, /; was very well ^ and ask'd me. If I 



J^ould not he able to come to bis Houfe ? which wasr 
not above two Stones-Caft Diftance. 

I told him, / did not know hut I might ; hut if I 
did^ it muft he in the Evening ; for in the Forenoons j 
after my clammy Sweats^ I was fo weak^ that I 
fould not walk acrofs the Houfe ; and towards the 
Evening I recover d^ and was generally pretty 

He told me. He would wait for me in the Even^ • 


After he was gone, my Landlord told me, I bad 
aSled very well^ and was glad I bad not agreed with 
him ^ adding, ^hat be would get fome of bis ' 
Friends to Jpeak to tf^e Priefi^ and reprefent the 
Cafe to bim^ that I could fell the IVreck for a great 
deal more i and that if be dud not huy it^ they could 
not getfucb IVood on the Ifland as that was 5 (which 
indeed was true) and that be Jhould not be able to 
enlarge the Cboir^ unlefs be bought tbat^ or waited 
till be could buy Stuff out of Ships when they eame^ 
here ; which would not only be uncertain as to the 
S'ime^ but would alfo come much dearer ; and that 
be would alfo fpeak to the two Men^ who bad been 
fent to appraife ity who alfo were bis Friends^ &c. 
All which he effedtually did ^ and told me, ^hat 
the Men appraised the whole at twelve Dollars ; and 
that I.fhould not abate any thing of that^ without 
allowing any thing for the Boom^ &c. 

Next Evening, when it grew cool, I made fliift 
^o walk to the Prieft*s Houfe : My .Landlord would 
not go with me, becaufe he would not give the 
Prieft any Thought, that he advis'd any ways 
jabout it, tho' he had been perfwading the Prieft, 
as his Friend, to buy it. 

When I came to the Prieft*s Houfe, he feem'd 
to be indifferent about it : I being fore-advis'd, 
did not much mind it, and was informed that he 
was very eager of having the Choir vcAacc^^L, "V 

[ J<5» 3 

told him. If he did not think well of itj I could 
fell it for a great deal more than he talked of 

He lent for the two Men, whom, I fuppoi^ 
he afore caution'd what to lay : Whdn they came, 
he ask'd them, IVhetber they thought in their 
Confciences the things were worth more than ten 

They feid, ithey had given him an Account 
what they really thought they were worthy and every 
body was willing I fiould have it j as likewif^ that 
the Fradre bad told them all, that it was a mortal 
Sin to wrong me: And^ without doubt, ^ontJnuM 
tb^, your Reverence knows^ how that the Singore 
Bilpo writ to ufe him as bimfelf At which I iayr 
the Frieft wink at them, which made them hold 
their Tongues. 

He adc d me, How much I demanded for all the 
Wreck ? 

I told him, / would not make any more than one 
iVordy which was^ that I would have 9000 Reas 
for all of it J and that Piece that I mention d before 
Jhould he excepted. 

He laidj ^hat was too much. I told him, / ««- 
derfiood it was not for his particular Ufe^ neither 
was it at bis particular Charge ^ that it was bought j 
which y was it either ^ be fhould have it for nothings 
or what Price be pleased 5 or^ if the Singores of the 
Jjland would accept of the Ubings^ J would freely 
make a Prefent of them to the Churchy not as a R^- 
compence^ hut as a ^efiimony of Acknowledgment till 
J could prefent a better^ for the many Favours and 
Kindnejfes I had received from them. 

He laid, He thanked me ^ and^ for his Party he 
expe£ied nothings neither did he believe any body 
would receive any thing from me by Way of Reta^ 
liatioHy for any J^indnefs fhew^d me. 


C 5<5? ] 

Abundance more of fuch Dilcourfe pafi'd; 
and 1 told hijn. If they would not accept it as a 
frefm^ according to my IViJh^ but that I muft be 
obligd to take Money for itj I would have to the 
Value of it J or not at all ; and if be thought well 
of it J I Jhould be ^ad be would b^ve it ; if not^ I 
aflfur'd him, / could fell it to the People for a peat 
deal more than I askd him for it. 

He told me, I Jhould find ^ great deal of trouble 
in that. 

I laid, / believed not '^ for J had as many fpohe t9 
me already about it^ as would take it all ; and if be 
did not think fit to haw ity I believed J could difpofe 
of it all before to morrow at Noon. 

He paused 21 while, and calM fi»ie of them that 
wers prefent afide; and ^fter a little while re^ 
turnM, and laid. He would give me 9000 Keas^ 
but I muft not take the Boom ; for he knew^ he iaid, 
/ could not want it for my own Ufe. 

I told him. It was true ; but. I had promised a 
Friend to fave it for him y and if he thought it was 
not worth fo much without that Piece^ be Jhould^ if 
jfe pleas'" d^ have them for nothing 5 but if I fold 
them^ I would have no lefs than J told him for 

Well^ laid he, then youjhall have 9000 : (which 
is twelve IJoUars, a Dollar being reckon d there 
at 750 Reas) So we agreed ; and he told me, / 
mght have my Money when I pleas'" d. I laid. It 
was very wgll. 

Some few Days after be pa/d me ; which made 
ipiB richer than I had been for Ibme Years before ; 
and I bought a large Hog for a Dollar and half, 
and had it kill'd. My I^andlord would have had 
me fold the Maiz and Feihoon which lay on the 
Rock at Paraghefi ; but I told him, / would not ; 
but bid him take what he bad Oicafion for^ ■ and 
l§t the Poor^ or any that wanted tht fB^^ taH '^^ 

[ }<4 ] 

He took, I bcliei'c, about the Quantity of five 
Bufhels, the whole of what was laid on the Rock 
being about forty or fifty Bufhelsj and then I 
gave Liberty for every body that wanted, to take 
the reft J which ipigbtily raised me in £fteem with 
the Inhabitants, elpecially ihe poorer Sort. 

I recover'4 my Strength a little - but prefently 
after fell firft into a quotidian, dian a tertian 
Ague, which kept me very weak 5 for ray cold 
Sweats, which I had the latter End of the cold 
or (baking Fit, came again ^ but no^iing to. th^ 
Excefi diat it was before. ' * 

I thus pafi^d, or rather lingered my Time away^ 
till about the latter Part of October ^ when, to my 
great Satisfaftion, I had News of an ^ngttjh Ship 
being arrived at this Iflaqd, and that ffie anchored 
in the Port of ^erra-PaH. It was late in the 
Evening when I heard the News, and I immedi- 
ately rdblv'd to go down that Night. My Land- 
lord perfwaded me all he could to defer my Jour- 
ney till the Morning, for fear of catching cold, 
^c. but I was fixM in my Refolution y and while 
he and his Son were gone to catch a Horfe for 
me to ride down upon, to my yet greater Satis- 
faction, I had a Letter from the Captain, brought 
me by one of the Blacks, who was down at Terra- 
Fall when the Ship came to an Anchor ; for as. 
foon as that was done, the Captain obferving 
People afliore, fent his Boat to bring off fomc of 
them, or, if they were not willing, to give them 
an Account what he was, and what he -came to 
trade for, as likewife to inform himlelf whether 
there had been any Pyrates about the Iflands. 

Several of them went off in the Boat on Board, 

who informM the Captain of me, as far as they 

were capable of ; and when they nam'd my Name 

he remembered me, tho* we never had had any 

perlbnal Acquainuncc to^pther j but the Year. 

C 5<55 ] 

fcefore, at BoHa Viftj he fell into the fame Piratd 
Hands that I had, from whom he heard of my 
being taken ; and the Blacks relating ^o him, my 
being Shipwrecked at St.yobn\ of my building 
a Balandra there, and of my lofing her here^ • 
i^c. he told them. He knew me ; and asked them. 
If any of them would carry a Letter from him tome ^ 
they faid, IVitb all their Hearts ^ ib he immedi-^ 
ately writ to me, acquainting me of his Arrin)al^ 
his defigning to trade therefor Cotton Cloths^ Money ^ 
or what e^e I would inform him that the Country 
afforded^ that would be worth his pur chafing ; and 
that he bad^ he believed^ a very good Cargo for 
thefe I/lands^ and referred particularizing^ till he 
faw me^ and Jhould expeSi me down at the Port 
i[(hmorroWj if I was able ^ that he heard from the 
Blacks^ that I was not "very^ell ; but boped^ not 
fo ill as not to be able to come down s that he would 
baz'e come up to me^ but was afraid to leave bis 
Pejfel ^ but if /found myfelf unable j he would w»- 
ture up ^ but would rather , I could^ make any 
Shift to get down^ for he thought I Jhould fooner re^ 
€over both my Health and Strength with him^ than 
where I was s and de fired me to compliment the 
Priefiy Governor^ and who elfe I thought proper ^ in 
his Name ^ and either let him fee^ or hear from me 

At the pefufing of this Letter, I deferred my 
Journey till the Morning ;^but in the mean Time, 
acquamted the Prieft and Governor, ^hat the 
Captatft gave his Service to them^ and was come to 
trade for Cotton Cloths^ and I could ndt tell what 
elfe he would trade for. 

They laid, If he brought any Cotton from Bona 
Vift, they would willingly exchange Cloths for Cot^ 
ton i but they need not tell mc^ they faid, who 
knew fo well the Nature and Produ^ions of all thefe 
IJlands^ even better tban they did tbcm^i^^t^ tfcot 

Cotton had been fo fcarce for federal Tears paftj thai 
tbey believed hardly any would fell their Cotton 
Cloths^ unlefs for Cotton^ for fear of wanting them^ 

I fbon had all the Inhabitants about me^ who 
all wifhed he had rather been a Trader for Afles^ 
than Cotton Cloths. 

Next Morning before Day, the Governor and 
1, and feveral others, went down ^ the Prieft was 
to come after he had iaid his Mafs, which is 
every Morning in St. 'Nicholas Churchy unlefs Sick- 
nefs, €^^. hinders; my Landlord, poor Man, 
could not come, being lb bad with a Pain in his 
Back, occafioned by a Wrench, and a Cold upon 
that, that he could not (it an Afs, which gave us 
both no fmall Concern* 

We got down about Ten a Clock, having been 
on the Journey about Eight Hours ; Capt. ycbn. 
Harfooty whofe Veflel was a Brigantine aoout 
Sixty or Seventy Tuns, faw us coming Time 
enough to get afhore with the Boat before we got 
to the Sea Side, and had got a Sail aihore, and a 
Tent fixed. 

He received us very courteoufly, and was glad 
to fee me, as I was more to fee him there : After 
we had talked a while about Trade, and 1 had 
given him feveral Hints relating to it, he took 
us on Board. 

The Prieft came down about On« a Clock, for 
whom Captain Harfoot fent his Boat. In the 
Evening they went afliore, and fb to Town ^ but 
I ftaid^ after which we had more Leifure to 

I told him the Nature and beft Method of 
Trading, ^c. fb far as related to the Difpofal of 
his Cargo ; and he very kindly offered me my 
Paflage, and what Entertainment his Veffel ajf. 
forded, for me and the Boy, and told me the De- 

C ?67 3 

Cgn of his Voyage, which was to trade among the 
Iflands about Two Months, and then run for the 
Ifland of : Barbadoesy where he was to meet a 
Ship to take his Cargo of Cotton Cloths from 
him ; and told me, as I knew it very well my- 
felf, ^bat isiben I got to that Ifland^ I might get dm 
Employ tbere^ or^ if my Affairs required my gomg 
homey I need not fear fometbing in my Way ; %ut if 
hot J J was welcome to go home with bim^ if I jo 
tbougbt fit. 

, I thanked him, and affifted him with my Ad- 
jvice all I could, and ferved as Linguift for him ; 
£>r ndther he, nor any on Board, could {peak 
either the Creole of the Iflands, or Portuguefe^ 
jeither of which, would have been fufficient to 
trade with. 

I could have put him in a Way to have pur- 
.xhafed One thod[and Cloths, or more, at an in- 
jTOnliderable Price 5 but as the Space of Two 
Months, which was all the Time he could tarry 
among the Iflands, was not long enough for that 
Purpofe, I omitted to acquaint him with it. 

He was relblved to tarry there Two or Three 
Pays more, if the Weather did not force him 
Away ; for though it be uliial for the conftant 
Trade Winds to fet in before this Time, yet the 
Scy promifed Ibme more Rain, the which would 
probably caufe a Shift of Wind ; however, I went 
up to Town, chooling a promifmg Sky for fair 
Weather, he promifing me faithfully, that if he 
was forced off before I could come down, that 
iie would touch there again for me. 

I went up to get my Cloaths, ^c. and to bring 
the Boy down, and take my final Leave of the 
Inhabitants s all which I chofe to do perfbnally, 
becauie I could be ferviceable to his Affairs. 


[ 5<S8 ] 


I had Ipoke to him about George^ and that I 
believed he would be glad to work for his Paflagc 
to get ofFthefe Iflands, and gave him an Accotint, 
as far as George had given me : The Captain told 
ine, That he had his full Complement of Hands, 
and had no Occafion for any more ; but rather 
than the young Fellow fliould ftay there, he would 
give him his Paflage ; fb when I came up to Town, 
I told George^ who ^med rejoiced at it. 

I took my Leave of the Inhabitants, and the 
Boy and I went down the lame Night, Geoi^& 
following us the next Morning 5 as ioon as Cap^ 
tain Harfoot faw the little Boy, he wondered how 
I came to take iiich a' little Child to Sea, who, 
he &id, was fitter for a Nurie, than to do m6 
any Service. ^ . 

I told him my Reafbns for taking liinu as 1 
have afore related , he commended me for it^ 
but laid. He wondered bow J could take Care of the 
Boy^ and bring bim with me in fo many Difficulties ; 
and that a great many Men would have left bim at 
St. John's. 

I told him, S'bat I tbougbt it Would- be an uth 
cbrifiian^ as zvell as an inhuman ASi^ to ba^ve left 
a Child fo^ to be brought up in a mdnner like aH 

He laid, ^bat was true , but there were ^bou^. 
fands that would have left him ^ knd ^d, ^bat t 
Jbouldfind tt ^ery chargeable to get bim borne. 

I told him, ]f I couldy I would get, bim barney 
let it coft me what it wouldj at leaft to Bafbadoes. 

Nay^ lays he, it will coji you nothwg for biiu to 
Barbadoes, for you are as welcome to bis Paffage 
thither^ as if it was your own Veffel. I retiimed 
him many Thanks for his Kindnels. 

When George came down, he haled the Bri- 
gantine , Captain Harfoot asked me. If that was 
the Man ? I anfwcred^ Tes ^ he fent the Boat for 

r ^^9 1 

Mrn ; and as Ibbn as he was brought on Boahd, 1 
obfervM his Countenahce to change, but I could 
not imagine the Reaibri ^ however. Captain Har- 
foot fbon made me fenfible of the Reafbn of* 
Georges Dejedtion of Countenance ; which was 
this. The Year before, when Loe todk Captain 
Harfbot at Bona Vifty this Fellow was on Board the 
Pirates, and, it feems, was as aftive as the reft 
in plundering and rifling j and Geotge perceiving 
that Mr. Harfoot knew him again, it fb daunted 
him, that he had no Courage to Ipeak. The 
Captain, ais foon as he had recovered Memory 
enough, to convince him that he was certain i£ 
was he, laid in a Paffion, Ton impudem rafcdlly- 
Villain^ I admire bow you dare come to dsk a ^a'\)oUt 
of we ! 

The Fellow look'd very deje^d, and told him^ 
Stbat be was a Prifonet on Board with tbe Pirates^ 
md was conjlrain'd to do wbat be did^ as not daring 
to refufe whatever tbey thought proper to command 

The Captain bid him bold bis Stongue, aftd 
tell them fo that knew no better ; and that if be had 
7iot tbe Impudence of tbe Devil^ or bis Mafier Loe, 
he would not come to ask him any Faivmr^ &Ci 
Adding, fbat if he was fure to find a Man of • 
IVar to put him ojt Board of before he went front 
the I/lands^ be would give him his Pajfage to it ; 
and turning to me, feid. If a Body Jhould take 
that Villain on Board to carry him to Jujiicej and 
Jhould mM atiy of his Brotbet Villains^ (meaning 
the Pitates) a Man could expeSl nothing but Death j 
and turning to George^ who to all this reply^d not a 
Word, he faid, / will fend you ajhore again ; hut if 
I meet with any of his Majefiy's Ships bisfote I leav^ 
tb^fe Iflands^ I will give them an Account of you^ 
and perfwade tbem^ all I can^ fo come and give yoU 
a Pajfage to Tyburn j and hope e^$t loH^te b«at tl^ 

B b "jwt 

[ 570 ] 

JUafier Loe'j reccmng his laji Reward^ according 
to bis DefertSj at form fucb Place. 

He then ordered the Boat to put him afliore ^ 
and when he had done what he had to do there, 
he weighed, and we run for Bojia Viji^ where he 
tarry 'd four Days ; from thence we went to the 
Ifle of May^ and tarry 'd two Days, and then pro- 
ceeded to the Ifland of St. Jago^ and anchored in 
Porto Praya^ where we met with an Englijh Ship 
come from the Coaft of Guinea^ with a Cargo of 
Slaves, Wax, Teeth, ^c. ho\xnA,ioT Lisbon. She 
flaved at Cacbeu^ and was there all the Time of 
the Rains : She was freighted by the Portuguefe 
Merchants, and had been very leaky after her 
Arrival at St. Jago^ infomuch, that they were 
forc'd to take out ail her Cargo there, to come at 
her Leaks, Ibme of the chief of which they 
ftop'd, and nail'd lead over them. Their Car- 
penter, and two Doftors, and above half their 
Company, dy'd at Guinea. The Captain was fick 
at St. Jago 3 but when we came in, he was reco- 
vered, but yet weak, as was almoft all the re- 
maining Part of the Company. 

As foon as he underftood what I was, he ipoke 

firft to Captain Ilarfoot^ about my Proceeding 

with him to LishUj and defir'd him to fpeak to 

me y which Captain Harfoot did, faying, ^bat tbe 

Captain of tbe Guinea- A&» bad defirdbim to fpeak 

to me^ that be ^xoidd he ^ery glad to have my Cofnpany 

witb bim to Lisbon. Now^ faid Captain Harfooty 

as I told you before y you are welcome tojlay on Board 

with me tbe whole ^erm of tbe Voyage^ witb your 

Boy^ and fare as you have done. Wfiich, I muft 

lay, was as well, both for Eating, Drinking, and 

good free, hearty, and ingenious Converfation, 

as could be expcded in a Wooden World, and 

in thofc Parts ^ and that be fhould be glady if ii 

fuited wth my CQnwmcncj^ I isaoufef ^oceed witb 

C 57' 3 

hpt ; as well for the Sake of my Company and CoH^ 
n)erfation^ of which he was pleased to give an En* 
comium, far above what it merited, as that^ hA 
laid, be knew it would be a great Ad^vantage td 
him in his tradings as I was fo tminjerfally acquaint-^ 
edj both with the Inhabitants^ and thetr Cufioms^ 
Languages^ Commodities^ &c. andth^ private Va^ 
lue of them among themfePvBs^ &c. 

I told him, / was fo much obligd to him^ that 
as long as I could be ferviceable to him for the 
Voyage^ I would not leave hlm^ tho it was certain 
that my Inclination^ as well as I believed my hite-'^ 
refi^ would be to get Hoine as foon as I could. 

He faid. As pr Obligation^ he knew ?ione ; h& 
thought it was his Duty^ as a Man^ and more efpe-^ 
dally as a Countryman^ and a Chriftian^ and Jhould 
have expelled the fame from me^ or any other Man^ 
who had not put off Humanity. He would have me 
confider 7ny own Intereft^ he laid, and tho\ as h^ 
ohfervd to me before^ my being with him would be d 
great Advantage in his tradings and confequently to 
the Voyage ; yet^ when he fitted out^ and dejignd 
the Undertaking of this Voyage^ he had no Vieiv of 
that Afflfiance which by my Misfortune accidentally 
happen a ^ and therefore^ if my Defire of Interefi 
was for a fpeedy Return Home^ as be believd it 
needs muft, be defi/d me that I would by no Meani 
retard it^ on the Account of fcrving his or hi$ 
Owners Interefi^ becaufe he doubted they wouli not 
make me a fuitable Retaliation for my ^ime and 
Pains : But withal., he would have me confider^ that 
I was in a weak Condition^ and had an Ague every 
Day ; that I had good frefh Eati7tgand good Drink 
with him^ which tho I might have on Board th^ 
Guinea-ifcfow, yet^ laid he^ here you have a clea^ : 
fweet healthy Sbtp^ there you have a Jiinking not-* 
fome^ fickly one^ and weak-bandtd ^ which how lit^ 
th foevef a Man in Health might inattct tt^ -jet t^ 

B b 6 tK ViMk 

a M^n in your Condition^ it mi^t it otberwife. 1 
iiui lotb^ continued he, to advije yotL to any thing ; 
/ *uoould bare you do wbaty you tbink mofi fuitable 
to your Intereft^ neitber let any Obligation that you 
may conceive lies upon you to me^ in tbe leaft hiafs or 
fway you in your Determination. I thank'd him 
for his Advice, and told him, I would ccHifider 
of it. 

The Captain of the Guinea-MM^s Name was, 
Mofcs Durel^ of Pool in Dorfetjhire^ the Ship's 
Name was the Merry-^bougbt : Mr. Lewin^ Mer- 
chant, now in Lo?klon^ was one of the Owners^ 
and Air. Henry Gibbs in Lisbon^ Merchant, was 
another, and the faid Captain had alfo a Part of 
her himfclf. 

That Gentleman came on Board loon after, and 
told me, He Jhould be fclad of my Company in bis 
Sbip to Lisbon, &c. 

I told him, I would confider of it. So we 
had no more talk about it then ^ but went aftiore 
together, and din'd ^ and that Evening I had a 
Letter came to me, from a Gentleman that was 
going to refide at Cacbeu ; and next Morning I went 
to the City, and lay there one Night, and retum'd 
next Day to Fraya^ where I met Capt. Harfoot 
and Captain Dure I : We din'd together at the 
I^ieutenant's of the Fort ; and, in the Evening, 
Captain Dure I invited us on Board him to Supper, 
where we talk'd the Matter again. He ask'd, 
Ji^bether I bad confider d of it as yet^ and hoped he 
Jhould bare my Company. 

I told him, / bad not come to a Kefolution yet. 

IVell^ hit^ laid Captain jy^r/cof, Capt am Durclj 
yen ougbt to confider tbis Gentleman bas bad a great 
.Misfcrtiiue '^ he bas been a long time from Ho7}je^ 
jieitber bas be bad an Opportunity of bearing from 
thence in fome Tears : Tou mufi alfow this Gentle^ 
man ivill he 'very JerTiceaUe to ^ou^ ^ccc being but 

C 373 ] 

weak-handed j hut hrjoever^ if be 'was not^ ft ill ive 
ought to confider bis prefent Circumftanccs^ which 
are fucb as we ourfel'ves are liable too daily ; aud 
therefore we f]:)ould ufe bim^ as we would defire to 
he usd in the fame Cafe. 

Captain Durel {aid. As for offering Captain Ro- 
berts IVages^ I fhall not^ as thinking it would be 
unkind^ becaufe. it would imply a bringing a Man 
tinder an Obligation of Duty^ which J neither re-- 
quire nor defire of him ; / only defire to ba^ve bis 
good Company^ as well as Advice^ and do net doult 
but my Owners at Lisbon, will make Mm a better 
Prefent than I fhall at prefent mention or offer ; and 
J wijh it would fuitj and I hope it will^ with his 
Conveniency^ to go with me thither. 

I told him, f would refolve him the next Morn- 
ing > but withal, that where I wejtt^ my Boy muft 
go alfoy for I would net leave him behind. 

He {aid. If I bad ten Boys they fboukl he all_ 
welcome to go : So after the Conclufion of a 
Sneaker, ^c. we parted ^ and Mr. Harfoot and I 
went on Board his Brigg, where we talk'd the 
Matter again, and then I concluded to go with 
Captain Durel^ as being much likelier to get 
home fboner, than by running down with Mr. 
Harfoot to Barbadoes , ^id in Compliance to Mr. 
Harfoot's Requeft, I gave him fiich neceffary Di- 
rections and Precautions, as I judg'd might 
be ferviceable to him in his Trading among the 
Iflands, as well in di{pofing of his own Commo- 
dities, as buying theirs ; with fome Directions for 
finding and anchoring in the Ports, ^c. 

Next Morning Captain Durel caU'd on Board 
as he was going aihore, and we went afliore toge- 
ther. I then acquainted him with my Refbluticii 
to go with him 5 at which he exprefs'd Abundance 
. of Satisfkdlion : We dm*d aihore, and Captain 
Difrel lay aihore that Night •, Mt, H^rjoot ^xA\ 

Bb 3 ^^vx 

C 374 ] 

went on Board the Brigg, and Ipent the Evening 
together, and till after Midnight ; and he being 
defign'd to fail that Morning, with Thanks ren- 
dered for pall Favours, and what elfe is ufual at 
the parting of hearty Friends, we parted ; and my 
Things being pack a up, his Boat put them^ with 
my Boy and I, on Board the Merfy-^tbougbt ; 
and P%Ir. Harfoot failed at Day-dawning the lame 
Morning for the Leeward Iflands. * 

We tarry'd four Days after at Porto PrayUj and 
the Captain having engaged himfelf to go down to 
the City, toj:ake in fbme Water-Casks there, and 
the Remainder of our Provifions for the Voyage, 
we weigh'd from Porto Pray a November the 15th, 
and anchored at the City the next Day, about ten 
in the Forenoon y and having fili'd the Remainder 
of our Water, and got the reft qf the Negroes 
Provifions in, we lail'd from Porto Cidade about 
the 19th of NoveVitherj and ftretch'd away to the 

As loon as we were (hot clear of the Lee qf the 
Ifland, we met with a Head Sea, which we head- 
ed the more, by the Winds veering far to the Eaft- 
ward. The Ship hourly increased leaking,inlbmuch 
that we were forc'd to keep one Pump conftantly 

foing. We had about 180 Slaves on Board, a 
brtugnele Supercargo^ Scrivan^ and ^unnalbeer^ 
and Singorc Antonio de Barra^ late Governor of 
Cachcu^ who, upon my Acquaintance with him, 
went on Board us as a Paflenger to Lisbon ; tho', 
before I went, he had relblv'd to wait another 
Opportunity, by Realbn the Ship had been lb 

Voyage ;;/ tie Sfjfp^ and bad fe^n ber Bottom^ 'H'ere 
th( b0 Judges,. 

C 375 ] 

He iaid. He was fure her Bottom was found and 
tighty and that her Leaks were none of them below 
the iVaters Edge. 

The Portuguefe were all for going back to St. 
Jago to ftop the Leaks ; but the Captain faid. 
He was afraid^ if he put hack there again^ they 
would land the Cargo there^ and would not put it on 
Board him again , hejides^ there were no Carpenters 
to be had there^ nor any thing eife : S!hat if the 
Ijlands (meaning St. Nicholas^ St. Lucia^ St. Vin- 
€entj Sc.J had any convenient Koadj be would ra^ 
$her try to find the Leaks at one of them ; and as 
we could not be furnijh'dy either with Carpenters or 
Stuff at St. Jago, fo we could do as much at one of 
thofe Iflandsy as at St, Jago. 

I told him, ^'bat was "very true ; and as for 
finding a Koad^ I wouldj with God^s LeavCj if he 
lie fir d it^ anchor him in a better Road by far^ than 
my that he bad been at in St. Jago. 

He ask'd^ If there was ff^ood and Water to be got 
there. » 

I told him. At St, Vincent there was botb^ and 
^Ifo at St. Lucia , but ^twas difficult to get them on 

He faid. He had beard a great Talk of St, Ni- 
cholas'j being ofte of the heft of the Cape de Verd 

I told him, ^he IJland was well enough ; but 
then the fame Hazard that he feard at St. Jago, 
might as well befal him there ^ &e. After which 
he relblv'd for St. Vincent. 

We fetched in to Leeward of St. Lucia ; it 
blew frefh, and we found the Channef between 
St. Antonio and St. Vincent.^ a windy one, to beat 
up j for which Realbn, we chofe rather to run to 
St. Lucia^ and let go our Anchor in a fair clean 
fandy Bay j but the Captain being a little fearful, 
would not mn in fer wiough, but let go the An- 


-**r. -* *.c.r m^Tizxrtoo light, on the Edge of 
^x' ^-^.^^ CVirM^crtiiDC was, to be very weak- 
*' " .* ►-- vfsch was worfe, ibme of them 
\ir";2e 3Ktf gnunbling, lazy, and unwiWing 
^ ^ ^ -r-r Ilaw on Board of a Ship : And 

^^'vf *» ^"^^ ^^^ ^^^ Anchor was gone, there 
,^^' jriv cae Foretopfail handed, and that too 
^ A 0«5^* ^^ Negroes, a Flaw of Wind came 
^^ r^r ^^ Land, and what with the Sails not 
^^j^-5^ ^srided, together with the Lightnefs of the 
^ji^^if, the Ship drove off the Bank out of 

rhcy were for veering more Cabie ^ but I told 
I'bey had better heave the Anchor up 5 atd 
/ Tb€y bad a ABnd to ride the Ship, they muft run 
a on the Bank into four or five Fathom IVater. 

I began to think: I was got on Board a Pirate, 
for there was fuch (wearing, curling, ^c. that it 
would have made a fbber Man's Hair ftand an 
End y and I was too weak to be able then to do 
much, having daily a Fever and Ague, and the 
Captain, poor Gentleman ! almofl: in as bad a 
Condition, having alio an Ague, tho' not fb fre* 
quently. The Mate hove the Lead to found, but 
we were out of Soundings : The Folks then fwore, 
S'hey *would not heave up the Anchor ; or if they 
did, they ivould not lay a Hand on any thing to work 
in her y they did not know what the Dejtgn was ; 
and a thoufand other fuch Speeches, attended 
with thun4ering Oaths and Curies, fuch as Igno- 
rance, joined with arrogant Sawcinefi, is wont to 
produce 3 tho*, at the iame Time, it was the 
Negroes that did in a Manner all the Labour. 

The Captain could not, nor, I believe, any 
body elfe, forbear being in a Paflion, tho\ in- 
deed, it avaird him nothing ; however, the Re- 
fult was, to take our Chance, and put to Sea 
again, which accordingly .was done; and about 

C 377 ] 

the Latitude of between 24 and 25 Degrees North,^ 
it blowing a ftout frefh Gale, the Water increased 
fb faft, that all Hands were call'd, both PUmps 
mann dj and two Gangs fet to baling with Tubs 
and Buckets out of the Hold ^ but for all that the 
Water ftill increased. 

I had then an Ague-Fit, and Captain Durel 
ask'd my Opinion, and what I v/ould advife him 
to do ? 

I told him, ^here were but two IVays that 1 
knew of^ to hm)e a Chance to fave bis Vejfel^ tho he 
tni^bt fave bis Life by a Jhorter Run. 

He faid. He thought it would he befi to run for 
St. Jago, or any of the Cape de Verd I/lands that 
we could fetch ; and ask'd me, If there were no 
Harbours at the Iflands of Fogo or Brava, in Cafe 
we Jhould not be able to fetch St. Jago ? 

I told him, ^bere was a better Harbour by far 
at the Ijle of Brava, than any he bad feen at St. 

Then^ lays he, / think our bejl Way will be^ 
to run for the Iflands at once. 

I told him, / believ'd we Jhould not be able to 
fetch any of them by fen^ral Leagues as the IVind 
was ; for at our farting from the Iflands we bad 
the Wind the common ^rade^ but it was now got to 
Eafi and Eaft'by-Soutb. 

He ask'd me then. What we mufl do ? Why ^ {aid 
I, (for we had taken in our Top{ails already to eafe 
her) we do not gain upon the Water which leaks 
into the Ship^ but that rather gains upon us ; and 
if we do not findfome Way or other ^ either to eafe 
the Sbip^ or flop fome of the Leaks^ it ts plain 
we muft go to the Bottom ; for that the Negroes^ 
who were the chiefs and indeed I might fay^ fole 
Dependance^ as foon as they were tird^ or this 
Fright over J or any fullen wilful Notion ' came in 
their Heads^ would leave off both baling and $t<tn^ 

[ ?78 ] 

iitg J and J faid I, // one Pump drawing would keep 
the Ship free^ J doubt whether the Sailors would do 
that^ .without the Negroes AJJifiance. 

Captain Durel &id. He knew it to(htoo well^ 
}?ut could not help it himfelf : '^ — But what could 
le do ? 

Doj faid I, you mufi put the Ship away lashings 
cr afore the IVind^ which of them will in your Judg-^ 
tnent eafp her moft^ and I will go down and try if I 
€ an find ^ and flop any of the Leaks. 

He agreed, and we put the Ship afore it, under 
her Forelail ^ after which they gained upon her. 
J feund out two large Leaks under the Timbers, 
and chinch'd them as well as I could, and flx)p'd 
the Current of the Waters coming in, in a great 
Meafure ; fb that after we had got her to liidc, we 
could keep her free with one Pump. 
. We had another great Misfortune, which was, 
the Sand Ballaft being wafh'd down through the 
Cieling, every now and then fo choak'd the Pumps, 
that we were forc'd to draw the Boxes to clear 
them, and occafion'd them to want leathering, 
ibmetimes once, twice, and oftner, in twenty-four 

After I had ftop^d thofe two Leaks as well as. I 
could, and the Ship fuck'd, the Governor telling 
me, Stbat if it had not been for me^ he would not 
han)e 'ventured in the Ship ^ I told him. He could 
not J with any B^afon^ blame me ; for if I bad 
forefeen any Hazard^ Ifhould not have venturd my^ 
felf; but that I thought it more prudent noWj to re^ 
folve upon fomething fpeedily^ to fecure ourfelvesy 
the Shipy and the Cargo. 

He faid, As for the Ship or Cargo, it did not in 
the leafi concern him^ attbougb, be believdj be bad 
as gocd an Jnterefl in the Cargo as any (me Man ; 
and {b I believe he had ^ But^ faid he, if there 
be any Courfe to be taken^ why doiit yon and tie 


C ^79 ] 

Captain refolve upon that which you Jhall think tb$ 

I told him, ^be Captain was not willing to de^ 
termine any thing till he had confulted witb^ and 
had the Concurrence of him^ the Supra^argo^ and 
the reft of the Portuguefe Gentlemen^ who were iU'* 
terefted in the Charge of the Cargo^ as much as be 
of the Ship. 

He ask'd, JVhy we had not call'd them together 
hefore ? 

I told him, We bad not ^ime till now ; for till 
in fome meafure we had ftopp^d as much of the 
Leaks as we could, and bad fucked the Ship, if 
was in 'vain to confult, or refoPve to run any where 5 
that now, thanks to God, we had freed the Ship^ 
and it was to le hoped, thd" not without Care and 
abundance of Labour, wejhould, with the AJJiftance 
of the Negroes, be able to keep her free, till we 
could recover fome Port -, and he being the Principal^^ 
Captain Durel thought proper hejhould be acquaint^ 
edfirft, and, if he pleased, be might call the reft ; 
who all this while, efpecially the Supra-cargo, 
were crying out for their G)untry and Wives, and 
commending themfelves to ail their Saints and 
Patrons, wringing their Hands, ^c. He imme- 
diately had them all call'd aft, Captain Durel and 
I, in the mean time, having concluded to run for 
Barbadoes, where I latisfy*d him that we could 
refit the Ship, if capable ^ if not, he could there 
with Eafe lecure the Cargo for half Freight. 

We had fome Talk how he fhould raSe Credit^ 
he being utterly a Stranger there, neither he nor 
his Mate having ever been in any Part of yimeri" 
ca, except Newfoundland , and when they were all 
come aft, Capuin Durel defir'd me to fpeak to 
them, for that he thought they would be ^ler 
perfwaded by me than by him ; which I did, and 
propos*4 our running to Barbadoes, becaufe of the 

Certainty of a large Wind all the Way, which 
ivould much eafe the Ship, &c. 

The Supra-cargo was altogether for going to 
the Ctipe dc Verd Iflands. I fhew'd him the almoft 
Impoffibility of fetching them, the Danger of 
flraining the Ship with lailing upon a Wind, ^c. 
jitsd fuppofing it wer^ pofftble to fetch St. Jago, (aid 
I, you have no Anchor that isould bring y-:u up^ 
and only a fin all Tawl^ with which ycu could bjirily 
[ave your Lives ^ much lefs your SLri:es^ your n'aXj 
or any thing of the Cargo. 

The Governor iaid. But is there na PUice that 

tt'^ could run 'xitb a large IVind hut Barbadoes ? 

I told him, IVe could run to Brafil, ^JUt rben rre 

Jhould not be fo certain of meeting Cjipcaiiencies 

there as at Barbadoes. 

IVby^ laid he, they build Ships jJ * rr^ :/jd Bar- 
badoes is but an I/laud^ I fuppcjf. ike :>. Jago, 

I told him, It zcas truCy it's as r; ls:x*2* . 'rut I 
doubted zchetber be could have an^ :>'*/r :: Lisbon 
which zvas net at Barbadoes, excfS' z 5Li:r^ ./ ?.> 
triarchy a Nolle man ^ and a Bifoiz. 

The Gentleman fmil'd, nc^: vrintan-.iinir z:% 
Dread and ApprehenGon of Dsripr* ir m^- Zx- 
preffion ; and Ipeaking to rhe ." -n^ie i^ uiic, 
irbat fignifies cur rsJiifjgj ::s J^rrs:' -i^ er r'je 
C:rTj:n jrki Singore Rob^ms cyi j.r ^';:c'tJ=t — r j- 
ckt iiijur'cing :li'7i : Hi srf t.t jir^ -- i^j}^ vr 
only cxnfii} zl^t^i ; zh'ij iji:-z: l-^rrj^- -': r: ::;- —' ;- ; 
and Js r>r .:fn rj^.-i.jr fec-^-f. iiiikrrr:^ ijcer- 
tus c.:s :':e *Vj,f c*' j-i^ me in Ji.-r.:* :ir:,t:^j ;; -;^ 

They xU ignjeiu i":c rb; 5iicra-nr*r' jLiu* JS 


t told them, / would not do any thing that Way ; 
/ only deli'ver^d my Opinion of what I thought was 
properefi, and fafeft^ but was to be govern d more 
efpecially by Captain Durel'^ Judgment, 

They faid. If I thought to go to Barbadoes was 
hefij they all confented to it. 

I faid. If Captain Durel thought foj it was my 

He faid, Tes^ he concluded it to be the befi 

Then I faid, / thought the Supra^cargo^ Scrivanj 
&c. ought to Jign an Inftrument to teftify their free 

They fiiid. With all their Hearts ; and accord- 
ingly one was drawn, and fign'd by them all ; 
upon which we made {ail, to the great Satisfadion 
d£ all, the Negroes efpecially ^ for as loon as they 
came to underftand that we were going to fbme 
Land, they hollo w'd, and (aid, fbey would ft and 
by the Pump Night and Bay. 

We run about three or four Days, having 
fbmetimes light, fometimes taut Gales ; another 
Leak breaking out^ Ihe made fb much Water, 
that We fear'd we fhould not be able to keep her 
from finking: We went down in the Hold, and 
at laft heard the Leak, which was right againft 
the Well, on the Starboard Side. We cleared 
away, and cut the Ceilings and it proved like the 
other Leaks under a Timber. I much fear'd it 
was a Butt ; but there being no Way to ftop it 
but cutting the Timber away, nor no keeping the 
Ship above Water without flopping it, we relbl v*d 
upon the latter, by doing the former ; however, 
I caird Captain Durel to fee it, and told him what 
I thought, viz. that it was a Butt ; but withal, 
the Impoffibility of keeping the Ship above Wa- 
ter without flopping it : He gave his Conlent, I 
cut, and with the Affiftance of a Frenc\) ^^^^ 


^hich he got at St. J(^go^ we cut the Timbef 
away. It prov'd a Butt, and was trunneJl'd. I 
cut the Timbelr about the Truhnel, but let the 
Trunnel remain. The Butt was wholly open the 
iKrhole Breadth of the Plank, which was fourteen 
Inches, and the Water cande in with as great 
Force, as if it was an Engine playing. The But€ 
was feven Tenths of an Inch wide : I run my 
Hand through to keep the Water out, while I got 
Ibme Oakum to ftop it with i It look'd very 
frightful, you could fee the Sea plain through it : 
I got ibme Oakum in, and then I went to work 
to fecure the Butt, which I did thus : 

I obferv'd to you before, that I left the Trun- 
nel {landing in the Flank, in which it was very 
&ft: I notch'd it, and took a Lihe, and iilla 
two Clove Hitches, with two Parts ot die Line^ 
having moused the Trunnel above the Clovcf 
Hitches, to fecure them from Aiding, and having 
feften*d the Line fb that I had four fingle Parts, 
and a Noole, I lalh'd the Trunnel to a Bar5 as a 
Port is ufually lafh'd ; then having two Screws, 
luch as are us'd in Virginia^ to fix into the To- 
bacco Hogflieads to rowl them with, from whence, 
by our Sailors, they are call'd Rowlers : Thefe 
Screws I fcrew'd very faft at each Corner of the 
Plank End, and lafh d them well into the Bar, fb 
that I believe the Butt End was as fecure, as it 
was before I cut the Timber ; after which I could 
venture to drive my Oakum tight ; on that I laid 
Oakum and Tar, and on that a Chock of Wood, 
fecur'd down with Battings nailM over, ib that it 
was fb tight you could fcarce perceive it to weep 5 
after which our Ship held it bravely, confidering, 
till we got to Barbadoes ; but a little while after 
the flopping of this Leak, we had another Mis- 
fortune, which was almofl as bad as ouf Leaks, 
which was, the v?awx o£ TJwtk^ N^Us \ for the 

Sand working up in the Pumps, fo tore the Lea« 
ther, that before we had run half Way to Bar^ 
hadoesy our Stock of Nails was expended, and 
they were at their Wit\ Ends ^ for it would have 
been almoft impoffible to have kept her free by 
baking alone without the Pumps ; I remember'd 
I had fcen a Contrivance on Board of a Frenchman 
to make Canvas ferve in the room of Leather } 
our Neceffity oblig'd us to improve that Contri- 
vance, for they us'd Nails, we had none to ufc : 
I did at length contrive fb, that we fix'd the 
Soxes to work without Leather or Nails, except- 
ing the Clappers 5 and our Canvas Bags did ex-* 
traordinary well, and delivered as much more Wa- 
ter, as when the Boxes were leathered ; but it de- 
ftroy'd a great deal of Canvas, which I believe 
was owing to the Sand which work'd up in the 
Pump, and cut and fretted the Canvas. 

We got to Barbadoes^ and anchored in Carlijje^ 
Bay Chriftmas'Day^ i7M • We were forc'd to 
land every thing, add hove her down, (hified be- 
tween two and three hundred Foot of Plank, flie 
was fb eat with the Worms. 

Captain Durel had a fore Fit of Sicknefs, inlb- 
much that it was thought he would have dy'd ; 
but he recovered, and was able to go about his 
Bufmefs, by the Time the Ship was fit to take 
Ballad: in again. 

In lefs than three Months after our Arrival we 
fail'd ; (he held pretty tight, tho' we met with 
very hard Gales about the Azores. 

We put into Vigo^ and lay there for a Wind for 
Lisbon about a' Fortnight, and then a fair Wind 
prefenting, we faifd, and arriv'd at Lisbon^ where 
I took riie firft Opportunity of a Paflfage for 
London^ which happened with Mr. Alexander Box-- 
ter^ Matter of die Pricket^ a Brigantine, who ge-' 




[ 5«4 ] 

fteroufly gave both mc and my Boy a Paflkgc tcJ 
London^ where we arrivM towards the latter Part 
of June, 1725. 

My Ague had followed me as a conlbmt, tho* 
unwelcome Attendant to the Ifyt Indies, and 
from thence to Lisbon^ and about the Middle o£ 
the Paflage between Lisbon and London it left me ; 
but after my being about a Fortnight afliore, it 
i^eturn'd as bad as ever, and brought iile fb low, 
that I was uncapable of any tiring but \irritihg • 
which, by the Perfwafion 01 fbme Friends, I im- 
dertook, and, by the BlefHng of God upon the 
Medicines adminiflred, I recovered my former 
Health j but having then gone through a great 
Part of this Hiftory, I refblv'd to compleat it, 
aiid found the doing of it much more tedious and 
pkinful, than at firft I imagined it would be ^ the 
which Ignorance, with my Incapacity to go abroad 
when I began it, were the only Inducements to 
comply with the Perfwafions of my Friends, as I 
mentioned before. 

And now having kept pretty clofe to the Hifto- 
ry of my own Adveiitures, and the various Inci- 
dents and Providences which befel me in the 
Courfe of my Voyage to thefe Iflands of Cape de 
Perd, I think myfeif oblig'd to prelent the Reader 
with a more particular Account of the Nature, 
Situations, Productions, Manners of the People, 
iSc of thofe Iflands, which I obferv'd while I 
was among them as a Traveller, and as I may 
lay, an Inhabitant , as alfb by what I had for- 
merly obferv'd when I had traded thither, toge- 
ther with what I could colleft from the Inhabi- 
tants, which I thought I could depend upon for 
Truth, and was material to my Purpofe; and 
which, for this very Reafbn, <viz. to give this 
Account all at oucc at the Condufion of my 


fiook, I fcrbore Co interJperfe in the Coucfe of* ic, 
becaufe 1 would not break the Thread of my 
Narration : But as thefe People have riiany con- 
fus'd Notions, confifting of a Mixture of the 
Guinea Traditions, brought from thence by their 
Forefathers, and die too-too common Komsjh Le^ 
gendary deluQve I^racles, t Ihall omit moft of 
£2ch Fopperies, as being no Ids tedious to relate, 
than they would be impertinent to read. 


A DE- 




Cape de Verd Islands,' 

HESE IHandswere fifft difcovered 
by ■ the Portuguefe ; but I could not 
learn fi-om tlie Natives the cxad 
Time, nor fcy whom j but there wei"e 
then no Inhabitants on any of them, 
nor Cattle of any Kind. 

The Portuguefe fettled firft on St. Jago, which 
'■ is not only the largeft of all the Cape de Verd 
Iflands, but the moft fruitful : from whence, in 
procefs of Time, they Peopled moft of the others j 
ibme of which, they were forced to quit again 
for want of Suflenance, occafioned by extreme 
3DrotightS, and want tn 'Rain, which rendered 
them fo barren, that of-late a great many Souh 
were familhed to Death : This Drought has con- 
tinued for clus Sixteen or Seventeen Years at Bom 


C 387 ] 

r?/?5 and the Me of May^ and longer at the Ille? 
of Sal i and none of thenfx of late have had the # 
rainy Seafons fo kind as formerly 3 but the high 
Lands have always the moft , and the Natives will 
tell you. That the Mountains draw, and gather 
the Clouds together, ^till they are fo ponderous, 
that the Air being unable to bear their Weight 
any longer, they break and fall down in Rain ; 
but the low Iflands, liich as Sal^ Bona Vtfi^ May, 
&c. not having fuch high Mountains to detain 
and gather the Clouds together, they blow over, 
which, they lay, occafioned the Drought there, 
more than at the other Iflands. 

The Portuguefe^ who firft fettled on thefe Iflands, 
and particularly on that of St. Jago^ had Slaves 
from Guinea ; and, as it was an ufual thing with 
them (and is continued to this prefent Time) when 
a JVian or Woman died, to fet one or more of 
their Slaves free, which they do as a meritorious 
AA of Atonement for their Sins ^ and the Climate 
being more agreeable to the Conftitutions of thofe 
Blacks, than to the European Portuguefe, they in- 
creafed rtiuch £after, and found Means to get 
themfelves tranfported to the neighbouring Iflands, 
where they could live more free from the Op- 
preffions of the Whites, who ufed them after the 
Spanijh or Portuguefe proud and lording Manner, 
which did not fo well agree with thofe but lately 
nianumitted Blacks 3 and as they improved irf.^* 
thofe Iflands, feme of the Whites fettled there, 
alfo ; but after the Trade to Guinea, and the EaJ}-- 
Indies, became common to other Nations, and the 
Portuguefe Trade declined, and dwindled away, 
as at this Day, to a Trifle, to what it was at firft ; 
the Blacks all the Time increafing more than the 
Portuguefe yxhty claimed an equal De^ee of Liberty 
and Freedom with their Mafters, who thereupon 
jijoftly returned cither to St. Jago^ or to Portujal -^ 

Cc a Mw^ 

r 5S8 3 

;-c rvtTf thar rcnjained, ^crc both poor, and 
fr-r . 2.Tv£ -a-rrf then neccffitated to allow rfie Blacks, 
-t -cc r."* -^ rnt:r fuprriors, ycr, at Icaft, to be 
r?«T Ic8u£ j • and Sjarrxing Txjth them, the iiic- 
cXX*«i.:k C-cr^critrns became by that Mixture, 
r-.">T \U J£r^e>. ?:> Copper-coJonred Nezroes ; fo 
rrj.t r^'i ycc {r\L^ :re as great Variety- ol Kcgroes 
jr. :r.,"^i> llandj. as is jDntained on the whole 

t^^^ ^ Z' ■ . - 

T rye K i£ .-:: T-^-^i^rs' ciarning ibcic lilands br 
Ks£::t c^f rr-f: r»yjr%crr, sf foon as be foxzn^ 
r^. rr.::s inhiLbrrei. zz^'Z rhem to ibdi of xm 
Iorw>. a.^ .-^e rh.v^hr £:, cxcepring St fac^o^ and, 
of ;are, 5:. Tl'.lrfi^ v hich ^c gcvemed "by Mec 
rarr:?r: ?n::ei ry r^im, who arc comnionh" Portih 

'«L"?r :.< c^r:.f?ci V .r- nf Tirif of General Govcr- 
Tt:r .V £.; irr J/sr .v "/r l-.":2ni^.. and rhe Coair 

TxVc 1 .vj^- 7:: 1 Sr.vj: .'C Crv; and Griat? on 

Xc-TH!^ ru- Mtr rjr Prver .-^: punifning ^ eithff 
in F.or* l..rr,r^ .t r»££rr. . me Gr-rcmor of S: 
'^.;r :^-''" r*i---n£ rni: Trv^^cr. m: ::nce tk 
T/iLr:.!r.Tr5r: nf :r>i C^-^ ofar. ^t-.j.-^, which 
•-- t:\"^ tr*^ "j-iTT^ ^':rr. :."*? ^ uttirei or Afnze herr 
:- y-rc-** . -"-^ -"''- y^j"^"^ ii ^ri:il y lodged a: 
r •-, a- V; ::- rru lr.:!"^t^i:.^7. and Man:i£remcnr cf 

^*i, ♦v x * ' *.: "-■ "r: much 5Yor 

>. .^, j..-^-.-- ?-• ♦'^ - ^'^.':^_rr2d:^^ trai 
^.^ -r^r —'•-'. Ptt^^-'.^-^s r -;. ,.2r: of5«w; 

n*' r crdncaxvoTi en. ^^v ^^^ ^ct«rc,/^«pl*^I 

JdgOy and St. Pbiltp\ and on them, none of 
any Strength, except that at the City of St. Jago^ 
which was built by the Spaniards^ when Portugat 
was fubjed to Spain ^ neitner is the King of Por^ 
tugal at the Charge of keeping any Soldiers to de- 
fend them, the Natives being obliged to ferve in 
their refpeftive Iflands, but not out of them, 
which is all the Acknowledgement they pay to 
the Crown ; neither are they able to pay any other 
Taxes. And this may lerve for a general Account: 
I (hall now proceed to a particular Account of 
each liland. 



Of the IJle of S A L. 

THIS is the Windwardmoft of all the Cape 
de Verd Iflands, and fituated in Latitude 
17^-00' North, and Longitude 5^-18' Weft, 
from the Cape de Verd. It is pretty clean all 
found, having no Shoals nor Rocks, and affords 
pretty good Roads to ride in, except in the rainy 
Seafbn: The moft noted whereof is Palmera^ 
^hich IS alio the Town, and makes, as it were. 
Two Bays, there being a Rocky Point in the 

This Bay lies on the Weft Side of the Ifland, 
and is eafily known by Three Palm Trees which 
give Denomination to it, and are ftull ftanding 
ther^ and the only ones on the Ifland. 

c c 5 'axvo!^ 

C 391 ] 

catch and cure the -fame ; whether he was put 
from his Anchor by Strels of Weather, or by 
what other Means, they could never hear j but 
he left them there, and they having nothing elfe 
to eat, fed moftly on wild Goats, 'till they had 
deftroyed them all but one, which Is now on the 
Ifland, and is an old He-Goat, and moftly keeps 
upon the Northern Mountain : They killed ajfb 
moft of the Cows, and were at hft forced to eat 
: Afles ^ and fb they impoverilhed the Ifland of its 
Cattle again. 

After they had continued there about Six- 
teen Months, an EngUffo Ship, bound for the Ifle 
of May^ to take in Salt, feeing the Smoak of 
feveral Fires which they made, fent his Boat 
afliore, thinking it might be fbme Ship's Company 
that was Ship-wreck'd on the Ifland • and under- 
flanding who they were, ^c, took them all in, 
and let them to their own Ifland of St. Antomo 3 
and this I was informed of by one of the faid 

When I brought the Blacks off. Anno Bom. 
1722, there was then, as the St. Nicholas Blacks 
told me. Nine Cows and Bulls, and that old He- 
Goat above mentioned, which they had leveral 
Times feen, and a great many Afles ^ but not 
nigh the Number that was before the Drought. 

At prefent the Ifle of Sal yields nothing of Ve- 
getables for Food, five a little Feflioon that was 
fown fome few Years ago at Palmera in the Valley, 
which thrives there very well : They ftied in 
OSiohcr or November ^ and the Ground in the Val- 
ley at that Time being foft, they lie till the 
fpringing Time, and then fpring up again, and 
laying hold of the adjacent Silk Cotton Trees,- 
they climb up like our Hops in England^ and are 
fit to eat about Augufi ^ the Silk Cotton Tree, 
you may find very exadly defcribed Ipy Captain 

C c 4. Daw^ut -^ 

Dampier j but I do not know of any Ufe it fcrvcs 
for, favc, that in the Iflands of St. jug^^ St. Pih 
lipj St. Nicholas^ the Ifle of May^ ajM St! .^to^ 
nio y they fill Beds of it, as we do with Feathers 
in England ^ arid it makes the bcft Tinder of any 
thing that I know of in the World ; and the 
W' ood makes a quick, but not a durable Fire, and 
when well dried, by Friftion will fiiddenly take 

The Dates that are produced here, are as good 
as any on the Coaft of yljrica ^ but there is but 
one of the Three Palm Trees that bears Fruit. 

For about a Month after the Rains, diere is a 
running Brook of frelh Water in the Valley of 
Patmera j but then it dries up : However, *till 
after Ctriftmas you may commonly get frefti Wa^ 
ter there, by digging a Well a Uttlc above the 
Palm or Date Trees. 

There is abundance of Land Crabs thereabouts, 
like thofe in the IVefi^hdUs, I (hall lay nothing 
in this Place concerning the Turtle, and the 
Manner of catching and faying it, referring my 
Reader to what I have mentioned on that Head 
in mv Account of taking the St Nictclas Men off 
this tiland, irz2. 

Ail about the Ifland, abounds with many Sorts 
of Fifli ; and one Sort, by the Blacks railed A&4r, 
being about the Bigrids of a Cod, but thicker, 
and much flatter, aiKi will take Salt, and cure as 
well as Cod ^ where, I am fure, a Ship might get 
a Cargo of Fifli, much Iboner than they could at 
Xea'^foufid-LsBd ; and, for ought I know, might 
do as well to &\lj elpecially at ^eneriffdy and be 
CAught widi left Charge, Salt being fb nigh 5 and 
a Man might have Blacks from St, NtcboJasy or 
St Anta::cy^ who are verj- dextrous, both at catch? 
ing^ as alio at Iplitting^ ialting, and curings t^ 
well Fift^ as Turtle, 


C 395 3 

Of the Ifland of BO i>l A VISTA; 

SO called by the Portuguefey becaufe it was the 
firft of die Cape de Verd Iflands difcQvered bv 
them. The Body of this Ifland lies in i6^- lo' N. 
Latitude ^ and in 5°- 14 Weft Longitude^ ttota 
the Cape de Verd on the main G>ntinent of Guinea ; 
its Length die longeft Way, which lies Souths- 
Eaft, and North-Weft, is Eight Leagues, and 
Breadth, North-Eaft and Soiudi^Weft, where it*3 
broadefl:, about Fifteen Miles. 

This Ifland, about Thirty or Forty Tears ago, 
was fiippofed to be the fertileft of all the Cape de 
Verd Tflandi, for Cows, Goats, Hogs, Hories, 
Afles, Maiz, Pompion, Fefhoon, Water Melon, 
and Potatoes ^ of which laft Sort, I heard an old 
Man relate, that about Forty Tears ago, the Go- 
vernor of Bona Vtft^ among ibme other Prefents, 
wluch he fent by an Engtijb Ship diat loaded Salt 
there, and was to touch (as moft Ships do that 
trade in that Commodity) at St. Jago for Water, 
lent a Potatoe of that Bignefi, that I thought in- 
credible i but the Simplicity of the Relator, as 
well as that he had no Inducement, that I know 
of, to move him to ftretch it ferther than die 
Truth, makei^ me apt to believe the Reladon ; 
which was. That the Potatoe was fb big, that 
they were forced to fling it with a Rope, and two 
Men to cany it on a Hand-^ike^ as Broweri 
cany ;a Barret of B^. 

[ 394 3 

But at this Time, there are no Potatoes grow 
there, and very little of any thing elfe • the Cows 
are likewife aU deftr^ed, except about Forty, 
which belong to the Lord of the Soil, who was 
the old Marquefs das Minbas ; but iince his 
Death, 'twas gi\xn by Ac King to fpme other for- 
tu^uefe Nobleman : Bnt fince thi^. Captain JMist- 
nnel Domiftjp got an Engltjh Ship to bring him a 
young Heifer, and a young Bull, which he bought 
of hmi J and when I was laft there with Captain 
Hjrfcctj be told me his Sfqd^ was iiicreaied to 

Moft of the Inhabitants have Goat^ ; the Milk 
of which, fince the Famine, is a grea^ Part of 
their Suftenance, as Fi(h and Turtle are another ; 
their whole Dependance for the reft, is on Englijb 
^Ships that come there to lade Salt, who often 
times hire fome of them to work in the Salt Fans, 
and likewife are forced to hire Afles, and Blficks to 
drive them, to bring the Salt down to the Sea 
Side to Ihip off; for which they pay them in 
Bisket, Flower, fc?f . or old Cloaths, or what elfe 
they bring w ith them for that Furpofe. 

Thc\' ufcd to ha\ e a pretty good Trade for 
tlieir Afles and Horfes, which are the befl of all 
that arc upon the Czpe de Verd Iflands, which 
they fold for Cloaths, Provifions, and Mone}', 
when they could get it, or that their Neceflities 
for Food were not fo great. 

Raw Silk is mudi coveted by them, for work- 
ing the Bofoms of their Shirts, Shifty, Caps, 
Womens Wafte-coats, and Coifs, which they do 
very dextroufly, confidering. 

The Men generally uie the European Drefs, 
and few but what have Suits of Cloaths bought of 
EiigliJkmeHj and have learned to make Cotton 
^loths to imiwte the European Fafhion. 

J..- The 

C 395 ] 

The Women, when drefled, have Cotxon 
Cloths ; and, according ^ they are induftrious or 
nice in ginning, Ibme finer, fome coarfer, fome 
with One, fbme Two or Three of thofe Cloths 
wrapped about them like Petticoats, and tied with 
a Girdle above the Hips*, or fbmetimes without a 
Girdle, the Corner of the Cloth only tucked in ; 
their Shifts are made like a Man's Shirt, but cut 
off fo fliort, that it don't reach low enough to tyc 
under their Girdle ; the Wrift-bands, Collar, 
and Neck, of the higheft Sort, elpecially the 
younger, are wrought in Figures, with Silk of 
divers Colours, with the Needle ^ but the poorer, 
particularly the older Sort, content themfelves 
with blew Cotton Thread to work their Bofbms,- 
Collars, ^c. with ; over their Shifts they wear a 
Wafte-coat, with Sleeves to button at the Arms, 
not above Four Inches deep in the back Part, but 
long enough before, to tye with Strings under 
their Breads ; and over all, a Cotton Cloth, in 
manner of a Mantle; which the married Women 
generally have of a blue Colour, and the darker 
the Blue, the riche^it's reckoned ; but the Maidens 
and gay young Wives, or Widows, wear blue 
and white Cloths, Come figured, as they call it, 
others ipotted : Some are {o nice as to have white 
Cotton 'y but rather, if they can get ihem, Linnen 
Handkerchiefs wrought along the Edges, an<J 
Ibmetimes the Corners only, with Silk, moftly 
red, green, and blue, the firft being the Colour 
moft admired among them, as well as by all the 
Inhabitants of thofe Iflands in general, the lattqr 
being the only Colour they can dye, which they 
vary to feveral Degrees, by making it darker or 

The Women wear no Shoes nor Stockings, ex- 
cept very few of them, and that only on Holidays ; 
but fcmP of the Men are {o wfcd to Shoe^ and 

Stockings, that they can as little bear to go bare- 
feot, as wc in England i but I think there is not 
above Two pr Three of thofe upon this IQand. 

But though this be the Manner of their DreiEng 
on Holidays, yet, on other Days, both Men and 
Women are moftly naked, the Women only wear- 
ing a fmall G>tton Cloth wrapped round them as 
high as their Wafte, and reaching down to dieir 
Knees, or a little lower, and the Men a Pair of 
old Breeches, which, if there be but the Wafte- 
band, and a Piece hanging to it before to hide 
their Privities, it's reckoned fufficient^ or, £6r 
ivant of this, they wear the Remnants of an old 
Wafte-coat, hanging all in Tatters about them ; 
and were they the beft Cloaths in die Wojld, they 
will net fo much as few a Seam, if ripped. 

They are veiy lazy, both Me» aad Women j 
and though this Ifland yields more Cotton than all 
the Cape de Verd Iflands befide, yet there is not 
one Ifland where there are fewer Cotton Cloths to 
be bought, or dearer fold, than this of Bona Vifi 5 
for they will neither gather the Cotton 'till they 
know of a Ship or Veflel to I^y it, nor will their 
Women Ipin, but as they want y to that if a Man 
Ihould go there when the Cotton Seafbn is over, 
he will Icarce be able to buy One hundred weight 
on the Illand, though, I am certain, they might 
gHthor >xarly more than a good Ship's Cargo, 
Cotton Shrubs grrowing there in common : And 
tlM> jch at lc\eral of th^ Iflands, Cotton, of late 
T<i^4rs. harh fuled, yet, at Bona Vtft it never &iled 
jpet^ and w^th little Charge, might be tamed into 
Gumej tr iding Cloaths ; & that it might be no 
di*!!cult Matter for a Man to have One or Two 
thoufand Barrafools ( i. e. trading Cloths ) in a 
v^ry little Time, foe Six-pence or £ight-pence pit 
B^rrafool, which, in our Meafure, is atK>ut Five 
Foot and a iUlf long^ and Four Fopt broad ; 


but each Ifland has its different Mea£ire, and 
this Quantity, at any Time and Place where 
Cotton Cloths vend (which is on a confiderable 
Part of the Coaft of Guinea) would purchafe at 
leaft, One hundred Slaves, or other Commodities 
proportionable ; and fbmetimes half the Quantity 

This Ifland likewife yields Plenty of Indigo^^ 
which grows as the Cotton does, naturally, they 
taking no other Pains with it, but to gather it 
when they have Occafion for it. . They liave not 
the Way of feparating the Tinfture, as is pn&ifed 
in the fFeft^Ihdies, &c. which, if they had, and 
were indiidlrious, there might be a great deal 
made there ; and I do not know, but it might be 
worth while to bring it to England^ even as they 
make it up, which is only by pounding the Leaves 
of the Shrub, while green, in a wooden Mortar, 
with a wooden Peftle, fuch as they ufe to pound 
thdr Maiz in (for they have no kind of Mills to 
grind with on any of the Iflands) and ib reduce 
it to a kind of Pap, which they^orm into thick 
round Cakes, fbme into Balls, and drying it, 
keep it 'till they have Occafion to ufe it for dying 
their Cloths. 

I remember when I was at that Ifland fome * 
Years ago, I bought Six or Eight of thefe Cakes 
for a Tryal, and when I came home, I gave them 
to a Gentleman of my Acquaintance, who car- 
ried them home to his Wife, telling her. It was 
Indigo unrefined,' which (he endeavouring to ufe^ 
for the blueing of her Unnen and Starch, could 
not extrad the Tindure in the ufiial Way, and 
fo hove it away as good for nothing : I did eype<ft 
he would have carried it to fbme one that knew 
hew to extraft the Tihdure out of it, lb as Id 
have been able, with fbme ExaAncfs, to knoW 
what Quantity of Tin&iHre, or^ «& v^^trnDSsicic^ 

C?98 ] 

calied. Stone-blue, might be contained in fixh 
a Quantity of thoCc Cakes, and fix>m dience to 
compute whether it was worth while to trade for 
it there ; I not knowing then myfelf how to make 
that Experiment, which I have fince learned of 
the Natives of St. Nicbolasy who extrad the Tin- 
&UYC by a Lixivium^ though, I doubt not, but 
that there may be better Ways than th^t. 

'I here is a fmall Quantity of Ambetgris found 
here, but the Inhabitants, for the moft Part, 
adulterate it, by mixing with it a Sort of Jeliy 
or lixcrcmcnt caft on the Shore there ; ib that 
it's not worth buying, unlefs by one that could 
diftinguifh that which is adulterated, from that 
which is not. 

This liland abounds with Fi(h, but not near fo 
plenty as at die Ifland of *S^/, though I have myfeJf 
kilcd at one Draught with a Seyn, Fifty-fix Mul- 
lets^ Wlidcs a vaft Quantity of other Fifli , and 
aUnit the Ri>ck which lies off from the Ifland 
lulled Ji?lfi U:toh\ Fifti are as plenty, as at the 
hluui atv^rc-mcytioned. 

This ItUnd is low Land for the moft Part, with 
ivvno i\\S;v Moimtains and fandy Hills ; the Coaft 
v'^n ::^r Va:t Side landv* and from the South-Eaft 
tV ;*:* nvmd K> the Southward, and from thence 
:o :hr r ;<■.. > Rixid, the Coaft is all fandy, moftly 
^M* 4 >\ h::i!h Oft, except here and there fome bJacK 

I S?iT art^ but Two Roads ufed by Ships in 
:h;s l:U:ui ^ the nu^ft noted is J'be Eftglijb Road^ 
\\h<i\ l.c^^ tv^ the Si^thward of the little I/land. 
^t ;;{ 4 Ursit' clwn Bay^ with feveral little Shoals 
^vh\>h ip:c ou: from the Nordiermoft Side of the 
Bay > and you nuv anchor any where from Thir- 
teen to Four Fathom^ but not within that Depth, 
for fwr of the ativrtiid flony Shoals : There is a 
ttock which exttnds South-Weft finom the South 

C 399 ] 

point of the little J/land. about a Mile, which is 
fteep clofe to the Side of the little Iflaiui ; but 
elfe all round about it are gradual and £indy 
Shoalings. The Channel between this Rock, and 
the little J/land^ is clean, and near the Rock is 
Nine Fathom ; but as you are nigher the Ifland, 
it fhoals gradually till you come into Five Fathom, 
which is nigh enough to venture : The beft Riding 
is to brii^ the South Point of the little I/land 
North-Ww:, and anchor in Five Fathom Water. 

The other Road is called, ^be Portuguefe Roadj 
which^ thobgh it is nothing nigh fb good as the 
Englijh .Koad for landing, yet it lies, nigher the 
Town^ and is clean, having nothing to hurt you 
but the Shore, after you are to the Southward of 
the Shoals of Calyete St. George^ till you come to 
the South-Eaft Point, faving, that you muft give 
the North- Weft Point of the Bay a finall Birth, 
the Point ruilning flat out a little way. 

The Rock of John Letton^ lies from Calyete 
St. George, South-Weft, about Five Leagues, from 
whence, in clear Weather, you may fee Bona Vift ; 
the ragged Mountain over the Town, which is 
the only one on that Ifland, bears from the Rock 
North-Eaft-Eafterly ; the North-Eaft End of the 
Rock is above the Water, and ftiews about the 
Bignels and Height of a light Ship of Tw6 or 
Three hundred Tuns. Burthen ^ and is fteep too 
on the North-Eaft End, ftretching away Weft- 
South-Weft, and Eaft-North-Eafl^ about half a 
League in Length. 

I paired over the Weft-South-Weft End of it, 
in Ten Fathom Water; I could then fee the 
Bottom very plain, which was rocky, and I could 
difcem Swarms of Fifti ; I lay to, as fbon as I 
was clear of it, it being a fine light Gale, and 
Cnooth Water 3 and in lefs than a Quarter of an 
. Hour^ we got as much Fiflx as we could tell vi(b2&x. 

[ 400 ] 

to dd mhbj and dxen I made Sail ; it broke tfaea 
coty about tbe Rock | but I have pafKd by it, 
vbea file Sea nm high, and then I faw the Sea 
break on die Shoal, as nigh as I could compote 
i^ above Haifa Mile in Lmgth. 

The People c( Bona Vtfi^ natually love the 
BwMff Nation, and moft of them can ipeak a 
little of the Mn^ijb Songue^ and even fame of die 
Women make Sv& to underftand one In it. 

Tbe Governor, whofe Name is Singaf^ Pedro 
hntmj is an honeft Man; but Captain JUanuel 
Domimc^ is not only the nireft Doder, but the 
moft fii^ble Man that I have conyeded tritfa of 
a Black, on all the Iflands, and his Word may 
be depnded on. He can read both Englilb and 
Breueby and hath a ]^r$mb Bible. 


The Jfle of MA Y, 

LIES in the Latitude of 15^-12' North, and 
Longitude 5*"- 29' Weft, from Cape de Verd. 
It bears irom Bona Vift South-by-Weft-Wefterhr, 
about Fourteen Leagues, and is low Land, for 
the moft Part like the former, having Three 
Mountains, the higheft being the South-Bafter- 
moft, called finofa^ the Northermoft St Antonio. 
The North, and North-Eaft Parts of this Hland, 
are very rocl^, and full of Shoals ; fome lying 
off the Land a good Way ^ the moft dangerous, 
is a Ledge of Rocks which extends from the 
North-Eaft Side the Length of a League, and at 
low Water is ahnoft dry in fome Places : Between 
that aind the Shorty is a Channel, where is Water 

r 401 ] 

enough for a Ship to run through, but is dange- 
rous^ unlefi one is well acquainted with it. 

There iare Two Roads for Ships to ride in, 
and feveral little Coves, where a Boat might tun 
in ^ but I fhall not trouble myfelf*, nor my Reader, 
with the Defcription of the latter. 

The Northermoft Road is called Paa Seco^ 
where you may anchor in Six, Seven, 6r Eight 
Fathom Water, bringing the Eaftermoft Point df 
the Bay North-Weft of ydu^ the Ground is 
ftony, but doth not much damage a Cable, except 
you chance to fall among the Coral Rocks 5 but 
letting go your Anchor in Seven or Eight Fathom, 
and the Point North-Weft, or North-Weft-by- 
North, you will have the beft of the Road. Tne 
Coaft down along almoft to the Point of Tmgdofl^ 
IS full of ftony Shoals and Banks ^ fome of them 
extend near Two Miles from the Shore. 

About the Point of Tmgdofty lies the EngUjb 
Road j where the Salt Ships ride ^ ^Tis moftly toul 
Ground, and rocky towards the B/w^ P^pi;/^, which 
makes the South Point of the Bay. The North- 
ermoft Part of the Bay is almoft as bad for cutting 
a Cable, but not liable to hook an Anchoi*, as 
the South Side is, by reafon of the Rocks. 
'Tis generally laid. That the mfi-of-England- 
Misn fouled this Bay, by heaving their Ston^ 
Ballaft over-board in it. The Middle of the 
Bay is the cleareft Ground, and from Twelve to 
Eight Fathom, the beft Depth to ride in, except 
in the latter End of yune^ or ^July^ when you ex- 
peft Ihifting Winds, and then it's better riding out 
in fifteen or Eighteen Fathom. 

The Inhabitants are much the lame with thole 
of Btna Vift^ but not altogether to well aflfeded 
to the Engltjh. They have run the fame Calamity 
for want of Rain, as thofe of Bona Vtli^ but have 
more Cows, and thefe generally the beft. ^sAfexJwSiL 


[ 40i ] 

on all the Cape de Verd Iflands : They have alfo 
moft of them Goats. 

They are moftly Blacks^ having few Molattoes^ 
and no IVkites among them s and are the hardeft- 
favoured of all the Iflands. 

They have Cotton, on the Ifland fufficient for 
their Ufe, and to (pare, but are fb lazv, that they 
lofe above half oi it, for want of gatnering • and 
formerly had more than they have now ; but the 
want ot Rain, hath dried up a great Part of their 
Cotton Shrubs, though they never had o|ie Tenth 
o£the Quantity that Bona Vifi hath. 

Their Habits are almoft the lame with thofe on 
Bona Vift j but few wear wrought Shirts, Wafte- 
cgats. Shifty Sc. as the Inhabitants of Bona Vifi 

This Ifland afford* Fiih, but not fb Plenty as 
that, of Bona Vift , and they catch Turtle there, 
but not in any great Quantity. 

The moft noted Man in this Ifland, is Captain 
Vmcent Al'va^ commonly known to the Engltjb 
by the Name of Peter Vincent. 

There are fbmetimes found here, fmall Quan- 
tities of Ambergrile. 

The Number of Souls computed to be on this 
Ifland, is fbmething above Two hundred. 

There is fbme Indigo here, but not much 9 
there is alfb here wild Fowl, the Gallina Pintato^ 
or Guinea Hen. 

There is on this Ifland, as on mofl: of the 
others, and particularly at Bona Viftj an ExcreC- 
cence, or vegetable Stone which grows and (hoots 
in Stems or Stalks, much like the Head of a Col- 
li flower, or as Coral does, but is more porous, 
being of a greyifh Colour, and much like thofe 
Stones generated or produced by Shells, £?^. 



C 403 3 

This Ifland owes its Name of May^ to its being 
diftovered on the Firft Day of the Month fb 
called. . 


^he IJland of St. Jago, or St. James. 

WA S aljR) difcovered the Firft Day of May^ 
the Feftival of that Saint, which occafion- 
6d it to be called by that Name. It lies in Lati- 
tude i^^'-oo' North, and Longitude f'-os Weft 
from the Cape de VeH^ and was the firft of thefe 
Iflands that was inhabited by the Portuguefe^ and 
is the principal, as well as the largeft, and fruit- 
fulleft of them all ; and as it hath the tnoft Rains, 
lb it hath the moft running Brooks, beft Pafture, 
and greateft Variety of Fruits. 

This Ifland always remained in the King's 
Hands, ^nd aijoys the Privilege of obliging all 
Ships to clear there, that trade by the Nordiward 
of Sierra Leon to Guinea^ and being a convenient 
Place to trade from to Guinea^ occafioned feveral 
Merchants to fettle, and a Manufaftory of Barra- 
fools, to be carried on there, 'till, as I hinted be- 
fore, that their Trade declined ; however, it gave 
Occafion to replenifh this Ifland with Inhabitants^ 
who held their Lands by the Gift of the Crown, 
which was given for the better Encouragement of 
People to fettle there, without any Refervation of 
Acknowledgement, by Way of Tax to the Crown ; 
to them and their Heirs for ever ; and does moftly 
belong to the Whites, who are the feweft in Num- 
ber, as not holding the Proportion of l*hrce to 
Forty of the Blacks. 

D d a i» "t^^ 

C 404 ] 

The Certainty of the Land being theirs^ dnd 
tlicir He'rs for ever, encouraged them to make a 
better Improvement, than the other Iflanders, 
^who fliift their Landlords or Proprietors, as often 
ai the Kin^ pleafes ; except the Ifland of St. PW- 
/;p, which alio being in the King's Hands, is 
upon the fame Foot as that of St. "Jago. 

This Ifland hath, as I obferved. Plenty of 
Water, many Vallies, and, as it affords good Pa- 
fture, ib it abounds with Cows and Goats, and 
hath a Sufficiency of Sheep, Hogs, Horfes, Afl^ 
Fowls of all Sorts, as Guinea Hens, Peacocks, and 
other Hehs \ which laft fly out in Flocks to feed 
on the Mountains, and return Home to rooft eve- 
ry Night, like Doves in England. 
' There arc good Oranges here, both fweet and 
four. Lemons, Tamarinds, Pine Apples, Guavas, 
Cuflard Apple, Bananoes, Plantans, Cocoa Nuts 
in abundance, Maiz, Feflioon, Guinea Corn, 
Fompion, Water and Musk Melons, and Mandy- 
okes in great Plenty ; as alfo Sugar-cane, whereof 
they make feme Sugar, but moflJy Molofles ; they 
have likewife fomc Grapes, and the Natives lay. 
Vines would thrive very well among them, which 
I believe \ but they are not allowed to make 
Wine, the King, for fome BLeafons, having abfo- 
lutelv prohibited it. 

1 here are Four Towns on this Ifland, q;/^. 
^ago^ St. Boviingo^ St. Domingo Abaceu^ and 
de Praya^ befides the City called Cidada de 
Kibeira Grande^wherQ the Governor, Ovidore, ^c. 
as alfb the Bifliop, who is fl:iled Bifliop of St. yago^ 
of all the Cape de Verd Iflands, and of all the 
Coafts of Guinea^ refides j and the latter hath his 
Country Seat about Three or Four Miles out of 
the City, called Innidade ( /. e. Trinity ) 


C 405 ] 

H6re alfb is a religious Houle 01 Cordelier- 
Friers, who are the only Men on thefe Klands 
who conftantly eat frelh-baked, as well as fer- 
mented wheaten Bread ^ Flower, ^c. being lent 
them yearly from Portugal. They have very fine 
Gardens, ftored with Salads, and the beft Fruit on 
the Ifland ^ and have brought a Part of the run- 
ning Brook of Kibeira Grande^ not only to run 
through their Gardens, but alfb, in a manner, to 
every Part of their Houle, which, except the 
Cathedral, makes the beft Prolpeft in or about 
the City. 

The prefent Bifliop is of the lame Order with 
thofe Friars, but yet they cannot agree ; inlbmuch 
that a while ago, he threatened to Ihnt them i:p 
in their Convent, if they ever concerned them- 
lelves with any thing out of it, either Ecclefiafti- 
cal or Civil ; before which Time, they ufed to 
cxpofe the Ignorance of the Negro Priefts educated 
at St. y^go i but now are oblio;ed to concern 
themfelves with the Bufinels of their Convent 

Moft of the Priefts among thefe Iflands, as alio 
thole lent to Guinea^ are black, and the prefent 
Bilhop more efteems them (as miking better and 
Ibberer Clergymen) than thofe th?.t are lent from 
Portugal^ who, for the moft Part, are, I do not 
•lay illiterate, for then I Ihould include almoft all 
the Clergy of Porttigal^^ they bemg confeflTedly 
the moft illiterate arid ignorant of all the Clergy 
in Europe^ but thole lent hither, are generally 
Men of fiich loole, vicious, and fcandalous Lives, 
that for the Credit of their Fun6tion, if they ex- 
pole themfelves to no Crime liable to the Inqui- 
fition, they are lent Abroad to the Cape de Verd 
Iflands, Guinea^ Brafil^ &c. but this Billiop be% 
ing a mild-tempered Man, and thefe Banditti^ 
as I may call them^ partaking more of xJenk. Q^"^-- 

D d 5 \x^«»^ 


tries of Msrs and Saturn^ than of Jupiter^ it 
vas iznpollible their Tempers Ihould be very 
azT^xabie to each other, it is poffible, indeed, 
that there may be hone and there a Perfoh of ano- 
ther Chirader among thcfe profligate Priefts, be- 
caul^r lometimes, the Want of Friends to get into 
a Ben<rtke^ may oblige a (bber Man to defire a 
MitT;on Abroad, purch' to keep him bom Want- 

1 hey bring up abundance of young Blacks at 
5r ?.ft^ ivT die Prieftlv Fundion, and as fixxi as 
tho- have ndbhxd to be lucfa, they and their 
Fri^ndN* endcaA-our to make an Interdft with ibme 
o:^ rh^ Cinoos* or Chaplains of the Bifhop, who 
are Fir-:uj:K (^no Bhck being admitted to the 
'^•^nitN- of Kfhopj Canon, or Chaplain to die 

Br^op"^ and vhen by Prefaits, Friends, Sc. 
they hi\r prtxurcd one of thofe Digmtaries to be- 
codsr thcr Pitrv^n or Tutor, who vet Icldom en- 
oc-iAocr or rikt any Pains to inltnici them ; they 
r^'\t arrlv thfmlihts to the Biihop, to let Wm 
ur-icrr.uN:* tr.^t have goc a Patron, who 
C^r-^cT.y.v i:oc'> ^::h then* or lome ClergMnan 
ct ^^ i: AvVui>*M:vx\ :ir.<i acouainrs him, that thev 
ar;: r;r:o*Awi t.^ irndv 2rd c-alih- themielves for 

chr F'-ivitly Fiuiv'tion ; die Bifrop then aiks them 
l<r\ iral C --'^O"*'-^ ^3Ln>i Uvs beibre them rhe Di^- 

5>. C;? :hvrra hi> SltiHng ; and ruvir-z obtained a 

LrTK C^.:r^r:.:r^ \v::h ior:e cinchurical Bcthis, 

c\pa*r:;n^ the oominon Parts of cheir RcL«£ioa, 

thc\" r*jr rhiiraeivcs in a SrjdcRi*i Habfr^ which 

is a long c!oie Girmenc* and a Ccak^ both made 

\tf* black Ba\*s. Our of thde Bcv?lc5^ thev cndci- 

nxHir to get ai moL-h by He::rt as they caiu and 

m the Evcniuss ^^*Y ^^^^^"^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ibady Street, 


C 407 ] 

there they argue, difpute, and ask one another 
Queftions about what they have ftudied, or got by 
Heart out of thofe Books , the chiefeft of their 
Grammatical Diiputes being about the Declenfions 
of Nouns, few of them attaining fo far, as to 
vary a Verb through the Moods and Tenfes, and 
confequently you muft conceive, they cannot 
make one Latin Sentence as it ought. 

As fbon as they have learned as much as they 
can out of thefe Books, by this Method, they are 
again introduced before the Bifdopj who examines 
as he thinks fit ; and thofe who are ripeft, he or- 
ders them Ibme other Books to ftudy in, with 
Diredions , all which Books they pay for. 

As foon as they have a while pradtifed them- 
felves in jthefe other Books, they make a Third 
Appearance before the Bilhop, having firft paft 
their Examination before the Paluftre^ who is Vi- 
car General under the Bifliop, and firft Judge of 
the Inquifition, and dignified with the Title of 
DoSlor ^heologia^ though, perhaps, he knows lit- 
tle of it 5 who certifies the Bilhop, who is quali- 
fied, and who is not ; which Qualification depends 
pretty much upon the Greatnels or Smallnefs of 
the Prefent, ^c, made him ; and according to 
this Certification, the Bifliop gives the Ordination 
of the loweft Order, and mert they are (worn as 
well to Secrecy of thofe Myfteries which they 
have learned, as thofe they fliall learn, which, as 
yet, are none of the h^heft ; in which they con- 
tinue 'till their Merit, or Intereft, fits them to 
receive the Second Degree, or Order; namely. 
The Evangelii^ and then they have Liberty to 
read and j^rufe the Liturgy, and may officiate in 
affifting the Mals-Prieft, by reading the Epiftles 
and Gofpels. 

D d 4 The 

. [ 4«8 ] 

The Graduate then makes all the Intereft he can 
to obtain the Third, and higheft Degree^ which 
is the Mijfal Order ; before the Receiving of 
which, he is again iworn in the moft fblemn Man- 
ner, to continue conftant and obedient to Holy 
Church, fubmitting to, and believing every diing 
commanded by her, as likewife to keep fecret all 
the Myfteries of Religion, not allowed by Holy 
Church to be expoied to the Secularity ; ana, 
without Doubt, much more than can be expe&ed 
any of them would declare to me : after which, 
their chief B.ufinefs is to make Intereft for a Bene- 
fice as fbon as they can. 

Thcfe Blacks oeing, for the moft Part, home- 
br^, and ignorant Men, after they have been 
brought up to that Fundion, take great Care not 
to commit any Crime, that would expofe them to 
the Danger of the Inquifition, or the BiOiop^s 
Dilpleafure, either of which, would be ftifficient 
to ruin them ; being prepoffefs'd with a Notion, 
that if they were to flee away, they could expeA 
no Reception in a foreign Land, elpecially in 
Europe^ among Chriftians (i. e, Roman-Catholicks) 
and that if they were to go to the Hereticks, they 
muft eternally be damned in the future State, and 
certainly be Slaves during this Life. 

1 hefe Notions having imbib'd themfelves, they 
take all Opportunities to perlwade their Auditors 
to the fame Opinion, and to inculcate into the 
poor People's Minds, tha© all thofe that are out 
of thv*^ Communion of the Church of Rome, are 
certainly, as Jong as they £o continue, in a repro- 
bate State y and to make them the more odious, 
deny them the very Name of Chriftians, inlb- 
much, that many of their Priefts, and moft of 
their People, believe, that even Baptifin, which 
is, as it were, the entering and regiftering a Man 
into that holy Community, is us a by no People 


C 4^9 ] 

in the World, fave the Komijh Church only: 
And, indeed, 'tis ufual, both with Clergy and 
Laity, not only in thefe Iflands, where they know 
nothing but what they are taught, by thofc who 
make it a great Part of their Study, to render 
the Reformed Religion as odious as the Mahome- 
tan ^ but even in Spain and Portugal^ if they put 
the Queftion whether you are a Proteflant or 
Roman, they ask. If you are a Cbrifiian ? which, 
they think, you cannot be, if you are not a 

This Ifland of St. Jago^ on the South-Eaft 
End, is flat Land, but all the reft, except Campo 
de i'erra^fall^ is moftly mountainous ^ the hieheft 
is Peek Antonio^ which is near the Middle or the 
Ifland, and may be feen above the reft of the 
Mountains on either Side of the Ifland, at the 
Diftance of three or four Leagues off ; at a lefi 
Diftance than which, the other Mountains inter- 
cept your Sight. The high Hill of ^erra-fallj if 
to the Eaftward or Weftward of the Ifland, at 
the firft making, fliews like an Ifland, till you run 
nigh enough to raife the Low Land. 

The moft noted Port for Shipping about this 
Ifland, is Porto Pray a ; which lies about the South- 
Weft Point of the Ifland, and is eafy to be 
known by the Town and Fortification on a pretty 
high flat Land, in the Middle of the Bay, and a 
Valley on each Side, making a pleafant Prolpeft, 
diverfify'd with Cocoa -Nut Trees, and Palm 

There is an Ifland on the North- Weft Side of 
the Bay, behind which a finall Vcflel may ride 
lafer, as well as finoother, than in the open Bay ; 
which, however, is very large and clean, and you 
may ride in it from fifteen, to five or fix Fathom, 
in clean 3andy Ground, and in fbme Places Clay ; 
but wichiti that Depth, till you come into three 

[ 4»o 1 

Fathom, it is tough Owfe ; and within that Depdi 
Sand again. 

About two Leagues from Praya^ Weft-North- 
Wcft, lies CaU-yete St. Martin^ which, if you arc 
defign'd to go into, you muft take a Black on 
Board at Porto Praya to ihew you the Land, 
there being nothing to hurt you but what you 
may fee. 

It's a narrow Cove, not above half a Cable's 
Length broad, and runs in from the Weftermoft 
Point about a Quarter of a Mile ; having within 
llbout 1 6 or 1 8 Foot Water. You moor with an 
Anchor ofl^ and a Stem<r&ft aihore to a Tree in 
the Middle of the Beach, which is full of final! 
Stones. You may lie fecure here all the nuny 
Sealbn, and here you may Water alfb. It is 
about four Miles to the City by Land from this 
Place ; and there is not much afcending or de- 
fcending in the Journey j but the Way is very 

The City lies about a League to the North* 
Weftward, in a very ordinary Road, being fo 
very foul, that it's much but you cut your Cable, 
if you lie any Time ; or, if you mifs that, you 
may probably fo hook your Anchor in the Rocks, 
that ten to one but you leave it behind you. 

There have feveral Veflels been loft in this 
Road, which is the Reafon that of late few Ships 
JO there, unlefs by chance a Portuguefe ; though 
tormerly fome of the Dutch Eaft India Ships have 
touchM there for Refrefhment and for Water, 
which runs into the Sea there ^ but for fcveral 
Years paft, Porto Praya hath been only us'd, where 
is good Watering alfo. 

Rivera de Plata is a very good Bay, all over 
clean Ground, where you may anchor in what 
Depth you pl^fe, from three and a half to twelve 
or fourteen Fathom Water, and is a better Place 



to water at than Porto Praya^ the Water running 
down to the Sea-fide, where you may rowl your 
Cask into the River, and fill your Water at the 
Bungj without ufing Bucket or Funnel. You 
may have all Sorts of Refrefhment at this Bay^ 
as Fruit, Roots, Fowls, Goats, and Cows, much 
cheaper than you can buy them cither at Porta 
Praya^ or the City ; and I have knowi> when a 
Cow has been Ibid at Ptw /<? Praya for e%ht I)oIs- 
lars, which is 6000 Reas, that a mudi better ha) 
been Ibid at Rivera de Phta for 2500 Reas , and 
when Maiz has beeil fold at Porto Praya for 400, 
it has, at the lame Tim^ been fold there for aod 

^errU'^fail is the next confid^rabk Port, which^ 
although it's a good Road when in, e&cept in the 
foiftihg Winds Se^fon, yet it's very trpublefome to 
turn up into, and a Place that yields no Commo« 
ditics fpr Trade. 

The next is Porto Faciendo^ which is a feif 
large Bay, being clean, thwart die Beach, irofit 
ten to rour Fathom Watdr. You may idfo ffll 
Water here ; but this Part of the liland being 
moftly Pafture Land, you catn have little other 
Refrcfhment, iave Coats and Cows^ whidi you 
may have as cheap as on any Part ot the Ifland. 
1 remember I bought a young Bull, about tw6 
Years and half old, for art old Shir^ which was 
not worth Sixpence in England. 

You may have Monkeys here, and on all Parts 
of this Ifland ; which of all the Cape de Verd 
Iflands alone produces that Cr^ture. 

There are feveral Coves and little Bays betwixt 
this Road and the Bickude^ which iis the Nwther- 
moft Point of St. Jago ; but the Place is not only 
barren and uninhabited, but dangerous to venture 
in, the Co^ all along being rocky^ fome under^ 


[ 4»i ] 

othcrfbme above Water; but don't lie above a 
Mile off from the Shore. 

After you are about the Bickude^ the Cbaft 
runs to the Southward of Porto fine Nome^ which 
I Iball paC by any farther Defcription of, as hav- 
ing had occafion to mention it before. 

The next Bay is Porto Formofa^ which is a lair 
Bay, being mud up at the Head of it round the 
Point, where a fmall Shallop might lie Landlocked 
firom all Winds j but not being convenient for 
Trade, I pafs to the next Port ^ which is 

St. Jago 5 which is remarkable enough to be 
known, mere being a Church, the Oudide of 
which is whited with Lime, and covered with red 
Pantiles, and ftands upon a rifing Ground, and 
therefore feen at a great Diflance. It's thwart 
the Middle of the Bay, and has a Valley both on 
the South and North Side of the Church, ^;^eil 
planted with Cocoa-Niit and Palm Trees. The 
Bay is clean fandy Ground, and a Ship may fafe- 
ly anchor in ten or twelve Fathom Water. A 
little to the Northward of the Church there ccmh- 
monly runs a great Sea along Shore, which is 

This is one of the plentifuUeft Places on St. 
yagOj for wharibever Things the Ifland produces ; 
and the People are very free, Ibmewhat like the 
Temper of thofe of the Ifle of St. Johns. 

South-by-Eaft, about two or three Miles, lies 
the Porto Madera : It's narrow going in, being 
not above a large Stone's-caft wide, between two 
rocky Points j but fteep too on both Sides, having 
nine, eight, {even, fix Fathom Water in ; and 
after you are (hot in about the Northermoft Point, 
you have four, and farther in, three Fathom and 
half You are then Landlocked for all Winds, 
and can fee no Sea, and may fecure a Ship of 
three hundred Tons with a three Inch Rope j for 



let the Wind blow which Way it will, you have 
very littte when in. Its Bottom is Sand, mixt 
witnClay; but higher up it'sfbft Mud: It is a 
very good Hai'boui*, when in, and neither dan- 
gerous, nor difficult, there being nothing to hurt 
you going ift^ to you don*t run afhore againft the 
Rocks t It*s difficult for a Stranger to • find it, be- 
caufe one Point locks or (huts in the other fb, that 
you can*t perceive the Harbour till you are paft 
it, nor any thing remarkable enough to know it 
by : The only way for a Stranger to run into - it, 
would be, to take in one of the Natives on Board 
at St. Jago^ to ftiewhim the Port. 

There are feveral Bays betwixt Porto Madera 
and Porto Loho^ but a little dangerous, having 
many lunkcn Rocks lying along theCoaft, but 
not any farther off the Shore tluui one Mile, nei- 
ther are they fit for Ships to ride in. 

Porto Loho is a very fafe Harbour, when in, 
for all Winds : The Entrance is but narrow, not 
above half a Cable's Length broad, with feveral 
lunken Rocks lying on each Side of the Entrance, 
which makes it too dangerous to venture into it 
without a Pilot, or unlels a Man had been in be- 
fore : When you are in, it (hews as if you were 
got into a Bafon or Lake, being about three 
Quarters of a Mile every way ; but you have not 
above twelve or fourteen Foot Water within, ex- 
cept under the Northermoft Point, where you 
have eighteen or twenty Foot. It's all muddy 
Ground till you run up to the Bottom of the 
Lake, and then it is Sand. A little to the North- 
ward of Porto Loho, the mountainous Land of 
the Ifland of St. Jago terminates, and, except 
feme Hills, is flat ^ yet moftly high champion Land 
down to Porto Pray a. 


C 4H ] 

Bfttwixt Pmio Lobo and Praydy is the Road of 
St. Francifco ; which is a fair &uly l^ay^ widi 
Cocoa Nut and Palm TFees in. the Vall^, but is 
foul Ground in moft Fkces of the Bay ^ neither 
is there any fi?eih Wa&er th^e nigh the Sei. 

About a League to the Souch-Wdftward from 
St. Francifco^ is a Cpve called Pcrtet^ betog a good 
Road for Sballpps, or fmall Veflels, but not fit 
for great Ships : There lies a fiuiken B,ock about 
two thirds on the Starboard Side gdng in. 

The next Road is Porto Praya^ which was de- 
Imb'd bcf^. 

^, There is Abundance of diat Mai;ch^fee which 
die Poftuguefe call Beur d^ore^ fbme of which is a 
little traniparent, and odi^fome moi^ ops^t^ 
being in the Shade of a dark blueiih or pinple 
Colour i but when the Sun-beams - are refleded 
upoi it, cafls a golden gliftering Colour; and I 
have heard fbme Gentlemen, who had refided 
jbme time in ieveral Farts of Brafil^ and were 
Gonverfant with People concem'd in the Mines 
there, fay. It was an in&llible Sign of a Gold 
Mine, wb^e-ever any great Quantity oi that 
B^wr £of0 was ; and likewiie told me. That the 
laid purpli0i ]VIarchaiite , if ground fine, and 
mix'd with Oil, made any thing painted with ir, 
look as if it had been gilded ; which Experiment 
I never try*d. 

The fineft Red that ever I faw, was cm this 
liland, in a Hill on the North Part of St. Jago : 
It was much after the Manner of the Chalk in 
EngloBdy but fofter ; and when I icrap'd fome of 
it widi a Knife, it felt as fine as the fineft Flower : 
It run in Veins, and next to the deep, yet lively 
Red, run a Vein of a £unter Red, then a Vein yet 
fainter, next to that a Fleih Colour, then a Sort 
of Yellow, then a Yellow much of the Colour of 
common Brimftone, after, or above that, vari« 


[•4^5 ] 

oufly colourM 5 and £0 grew hardier, the fiupther 
from the Red, till it came to the Hardnefs of a 
common Rock* The red Stone was fomething 
heavier than Chalk. I had a Piece of that, anil 
ibme of the Beur Sore 5 but when I loft my 
Boat at St. Nicholas^ I loft them, with fbv^al 
other Curiofities of the like Nature. 

^he JJland of St.? HlLl?. 

TH E Ifland of St. Pbilip^ commonly calfd 
by the Name of the lilanfl of Rgo^ as 
Fire^ lies about 16 Leagues from St. Jago^ viz. 
frcwn the Point of Terra-fall^ to the North-Eaft. 
Point of St. Pbilip\ and they bear Weft-South^ 
Weft ^id Eaft-North-Eaft, being in the Latitude 
of i5''-2o' North, and Longitude 6^-54 Wefc 
fcoxn the Cape de Verd\ 

This Ifland was difcover'd by the Portuguefe^ 
the ^une Day that the Ifle of May and St^ 7^ 
were, viz. tne ift. Day of May ; fi> that the Iflc 
of May bore the Name of the Month, and the 
other two the Name of the two Saints, whofe 
Conmiemoration is obierv'd on that Day. 

This Ifland was uninhabited a great many Years 
after it was diicover'd, till the King oi Poftugal 
granted to his Subjeds, who would people it, aU> 
the I^and that they improved, to them and ^eir 
Heirs for ever. 

The Natives have a TraditicMi, which how true 
I fliall not undertake to determine, but is by them 
believ'd as undoubted Faft, that die firft Dwellers 
upon this Ifland were two Fryers, who chodle to be 


gut here to pals the Remainder of their Days m ik 
ermitick Life. 
Whether thefe two Fryers were Minerah'fts, 
Metalifls, or Alchymifts, or any, or all of them, 
I can*t tell ^ but the Story goes they were Con- 
jurers ; (You muft know when this Ifland was firft 
difcover'd, it had no Peek^ nor was there any 
burning upon it, the Peek growing but fince the 
Fire broke out ; and, by Report of the ancient 
People, hath fenfibly increased within their Times) 
but whatever the Fryers were, they found a Gold 
Mine, and there took up their hermitical Abode ; 
and after they had got as much of that precious 
Metal as they thought fuflficient, they concluded 
to put an End to a hermitick Life, and take the 
firft Opportunity of a Ship to Eur opt': But one of 
them, who fuppos'd himfelf theMafter, required 
more than half to his Share, which the other by 
no Means would grant ; whereupon the G)nteft 
grew {o high, that they fell to conjuring to do 
each other a Milchief ; and conjur'd fb long, that 
they fet almoft all the Ifland in a Flame, in which 
they both perifh'd , after which the Fire went out, 
except where the Peek now ftands, which ever 
fince hath continue to burn and caft up Stones 
till this Day, and God knows how long it may 

Indeed it is almoft incredible to believe the vaft' 
Rocks which are caft but, and to what a vaft 
Height y the Fall of which again, and their break- 
ing and rowling down, may very eafily be heard 
eight or nine Leagues in a ftill Air, and this my 
own Ears confirmed to me. When they are 
blown up, you may hear a Report like a great 
Gun, or rather Thunder. In the Night-time I 
have feen the Stones rowling down the Peek all 
of a Flame, and the Inhabitants fay, that they 
have feen Brimftone run down the Peek like 

r 4»7 ] 

a Torrent of Water down a fteep Mourttalnj 
and fbmetimes may gather what Quantity they 

I have had levcral Pieces df it, which the In- 
habitants gave me : It is lilgg our vulgar Brimftone, 
but of a much brighter Colour, and, in the burn- 
ing, gives a brighter Flame. 

Sometimes this Vulcano heaves out fuch Quan- 
tities of Afhes, mix'd with Cinders, that it covers 
the adjacent Parts, and hath finother'd fbme of 
their Goats. 

The Ifland is much higher than any of the 
Cape de Verd Iflands, and is, as it were, one con- 
tihu'd Mountain up to the Top ^ neither as you 
fail along it,, can you perceive any Vallies, but, 
as it were, one fingle JVlountain, the Vallies ap- 
pearing only as Gutters made by the Waters run- 
ing off the Mountain in the Rains; but when a 
Man is aftiore, and in one of thofe Gutters, they 
then appear to be deep Vallies, and the Banks of 
thole Gutters great high Mountains. This Ifland, 
confidering that it hath no running Brooks, and 
that it is but in very few Places that frefli Water is 
to be had, infbmuch, that the Inhabitants are 
forced, in Ibme Parts, to go fix or feven Miles 
for their Water i yet it's very fertile, for* Pom- 
pion, Water-Melon, Feflioon, and Maiz ^ but 
for want of Water, or low Vallies, produces no 
Banana's, Plantanes, or hardly any Tree-Fruit, 
lave Wild Fig^ 

They have Ibme few Guava Trees planted in 
fome of their Gardens, alio a Crab Orange and 
Lemon, likewile Lime, and a Sort of Crab Ap-? 
pie • but they have here and there Ibme good 
Vineyards, whereof they make little Quantities 
of an indifferent good finall Wine, fomething 
like the white Fyal Wine^ but they generally 

£ e drink 


drink it all before it clears, or has done ferment- 

This Ifland was inhabited by European Pfffti* 
guefe^ Ibme time after the Fire had been extin* 
guiih'd, except that of the Peek, and had the 
Land, by the Crown Gift, fettled to them and 
their Heirs, as has been faid ; which Portuguefi 
brought Negro Slaves with them, and a Stodc of 
Cows, Horfes, Ailes, and Hogs; the King pla- 
cing Goats there, which run wild on the Moon- 
tains ; the Profit of their Skins being refervVl to 
the Crown, and he that hath the Management of 
them, is call'd Captain of the Mmntains^ none 
daring to kill any of them but by his Licence. 

The Land is all taken np at prefent, only about 
the Peek, and that great high Mountain which 
runs along South-Eaft and North-Weft, and is 
little inferior in Heighth to the Peek, and where, 
at prelcnt, thofe wild Goats haunt, and is the 
Limits of the Capiteen de Mountainbt^s Jurit 

The Cuftoms of St. Jago are in ufe here, mz. 
to ftee Blacks at their I)eath, and perhaps fbme 
manumitted Blacks might fettle there from St 
yago ; but however it was, they at prefent exceed 
the Whites a hundred to one. 

It*s probable, when Trade decay'd,* fbme of 
them might leave the liland, as they had done at 
St. Jago. 

They planted Cotton in abundance ; and this 
was the greateft Mart for Cotton Cloths of any 
of the Cape de Verd Iflands ; and here the PortU' 
foiefe European Ships us*d to trade for Cargoes of 
Barafools for Guinea^ The free Blacks, tar the 
moft Part, are Tenants to the Whites, who 
have taken up moft of the Land, efpecially near 
the Seaj fbme Whites having thirty or forty 
Siaves, and fome of the free Blacfci Have Slaves, 


C 4tp ] 

vrhich they purchafe for Cotton Cloths, which 
pais there in the room of Money, a Cloth being 
valued, and paffing current among them for looo 
Reas J but by the laft Drought, all their Cotton 
Shrubsj in a Manner, were dryMup^ fo that that 
Cotton, which vfas before the chief Produft of 
their Ifland, is now a good Commodity to carry 
there : And this Scarcity of Cotton here, and at 
.St. ya^Oy and the European Pottu^uefe under- 
flanding that the French Ships^ whicli traded there 
formerly, ufed to buy thofe Cloths, as did like- 
wife the French and Englijh at St. Jago^ they 
procured an Order, with a Penalty on any one on 
thefe Iflands, who Ibid Cloth to any but Subjects 
of Portugal y which Order is ftridly dblerv'd by 
die Officers of the Cuftoms at St. jago^ tho' not 
much minded here^ by Reaibn there are no Duties 
paid at this Ifland, and confcquently no Cuftom-* * \ 
houfe, or Office. 

Since the Trade of Cottoil Cloths fciPd, they 
have Ibid a great many Slaves to the Portugueje 
Ships trading there ; but they are endeavouring to 
revive this Branch again, by planting Cotton ; 
tho*, for want of a Sufficiency of Rain, it doe^ 
not thrive lb well as it us'd to do. 

They us'd alio to have a pretty good Trade 
with the French for Mules, which they bred in 
good Quantities, and fold cheap 5 but the dry Sea- 
ions drftroy'd them almoft all, fo that they told 
ttie, that fix Years ago, there were but two Mules 
on the Illand; but they have lately began to 
breed them again, and mightily wi(h fome Euro-^ 
pan Ships Would come aiul trade with thonti for 
them 5 but whether it be that the French havdt 
found a better Place to tiade, or that their Iflands 
in the IVefi'tndiis do not require them now fo 
miidl as formerly, or that thqr do not yet know 
that they can be fopply'd as heretofore*^ Icaa't. 

E e z x^ s 

C 4^0 1 

tell ; but fincc they have failed of Mulds^ there 
has been no Frejicb Ship there to trade. 

They have a great Defire to trade with theiJ^g- 
/i/t,and would, they fay, refervc their Commodities 
for them -, and notwithftanding the Prohibition of 
not felling Cotton Cloths to Foreigners, yet they 
iay if the Englijh would trade there, they would 
fell their Cloths to them. 

This Uland is clean on the North-Weftj Wcf^ 
and South Farts ; but on the South-Eaft, Ea^ 
and North-Eaft Farts is rocky j tho' thde Rods 
do not lie above a Mile from the Shorcj neither 
do they lie thick, but here and there on^, feme 
above, and feme under Water, except one Rock, 
which lieth about four Miles off from the North 
Bnd of the Ifland, having, as I have been ia- 
formM, twelve or fourteen Foot Water on it. I 
have lecn the Sea break over it, when it blew 
hard, elie not It's not large, and is clean all 
round it. 

This Ifland hath not many Places to anchor at, 
and but two where you can trade ; for at the reft, 
} ou cannot get up the Rocks ; fDr it's all, except 
tlic V:!ii L.:-GtMe^ and two or three other Places 
on the Sea-coaft, luch fteep high rocky Clifts, that 
vou cannot get up any where elfe. 

'i'he moft norai Road is Fonte de^Villa^ which 
is rijjht againft the Town, and is fandy, except 
when a ftrong Korth W ind blows, which often 
fwceps or away the Sand, and leaves the 
Rocks at Bottom bare, which is about Noveviber^ 
I\caiila\ and January^ and then 'tis not to faft 
riding as about the Foint oi Ncjfa, Singcra^ which iJ 
a iandy Foint, to the Southward of the Town ; to 
the Southward of which, on theClift, is the Church 
of XoijA Siuzcrjy from which the Bay and Point 
took their Name. Here is good riding for a Nor- 
thctlv Wind^ and better when the true North- 


C 4i» ] 

Eaft or North-Eaft-by-North Trade Winds blow, 
being clean and fandy at Bottom, except when a 
ibutherly Wind blows ftrong, or Ibmetimes by a 
Southerly Sea, which now and then runs here ia 
the Months of June^ J^^y-i ^^g^fi^ ^"d Septem-- 
ler^ when thofe Winds do not reach home to the 
Ifland, tho', I believe, they blow in the Offing, 
which fweep away the Sand, and leave the Rocks 
bare at Bottom, as the Northerly Wind and Sea% 
do at Fonte de Villa. 

You may anchor in both thofe Roads, from 14 to 
10 Fathom Water, in clean fandy Ground, except 
in the Cales before mentioned. More Southerly 
there is a little fandy Bay about a fmall Point of 
low broken Rocks, and right againft a Gully 
made by the Water funning down in the Time 
of the Rains : Here is finooth riding, as well as 
landing, the SurfF running but little here ; and 
you have Water pretty near, which you have not 
at the other two Places ^ and the Sea generally 
runs there with a great Swell on the Shore. 

You muft anchor right off the Gully, having it 
fair open ; for if you (hut it either to the North- 
ward, or Southward, and anchor fo, you will 
have foul Ground ; neither is there Room for 
above two Ships to anchor there at once. 

The chief and only Man for Trade there, is 
Captain Thome Santee ^ but there is not one on 
the Ifland, that can either fpeak or underftand 

They are on this Ifland all Roman Catholicks, 
yet have Ibme Pagan Superflitions mingled with 
the Romifli, by the Mountaineer Blacks. Aloft 
of the Whites, with the Governor, live in the 
Villa ; tho' moft of them have their Country 
Houfes abroad in the Country, on that Part of 
their Eftates which they keep in their own Han4s, 
and manage by their Slaves, vjVvvcVv ft^^^^Xx'^^ ^\^\^ 

Ec 3 ^^^^^ 

C 41^ ] 

with Food ; and the Rents of thofe PJantatlons 
which they let. to the Blacks, are commonly paid 
in Cotton Cloths, which, as was iiud before, are 
uied there in the Stead of Money, as Tobacco 
was formerly wholly, and now partly, in Virgmia^ 
and Maryland ; and fince their Cotton Shrubs were 
dried up, and for the moft Part perifhed, the 
Owners were forced to fill thofe Plantations wirfi 
^ogs. Fowls, or what other Animals the Blacks 
could raife. 

The JJland of St.] OH N, 

LIETH in the Latitude' of 15^-25' Nonh, 
and Longitude 7''-2' Weft, from the Qif^ 
de Ve:\i^ and the Villa of St. Philip^ lies from A- 
urnc^ Eaft about Six Leagues. I have mentioned 
a great many Things of this Ifland before, and to 
avoid Tautology, ihall only take Notice here of 
fuch Things as I omitted before. 

This Ifland is as fertile for Pompion, Water- 
Melon, Potatoes, Bananas, Maiz, and Feflioon, as 
any cf the Cape de Verd Iflands j as likewife for 
CowcJ, Horfes, Afles, and Hogs. 

With rdpeA to the Inhabitants, who do not 
reach to the Number of Two hundred Souls, 
the Natives are all black, and the moft innocent 
and harmleli, as well as ignorant and fuperftitious, 
of all the Iflands, 




C 4^3 3 

This liland hath not been inhabited above Two 
Ages, which might be the Reafbn of giving it the 
Name of the Ifland of Brava^ or wild Ifland ; for 
Brava^ both in the Portuguefe and Creole Tongue, 
fignifies wild. 

It was, for feverai Years, only inhabited by 
Two black Families, who lived wholly in Hcathen- 
lim, 'till, about Sixty Years paft, a Famine rage- 
ing at St. Philip'sj feme of the poorer Sort of 
Blacks procured themfelves to be put on the 
Ifland of St. Jobtiy by a Portuguefe Ship, who 
were joyfully received, as well as relieved, by 
their Fellow Blacks the firft Inhabitants, who 
having much increafed the Stock of Goats, Cows, 
and efpecially Hogs, which the Portuguefe had 
placed on all the Iflands when they firft difcovered 
them, thofe firft Inhabitants, underftanding the 
portuguefe brought their Fellow Blacks fi-pm St. 
Philip Sj purely out of Compaflion to prevent 
their being ftarved, freely offered to load the Ship 
with Hogs, as a Reward for their Charity ; which 
ib thinned their Hogs, that by the Time the Ship 
was loaden, they had . but few left, and {6 they 
catched and killed, or tamed the Remainder. 

Thefe Blacks which came from St. Philip's^ 
loon begot in them the Notion of Property 3 fb 
that he th^t could kill, catch, or tame moft, had 
moft; and loon reduced all the Cattle on the 
Ifland to Meum and ^uum^ except the Goats, 
which, to this Day, remain wild j but are claimed 
as the Property cf the Lord of the Soil, as are 
all the wild Goats on the Iflands. 

After thefe Blacks had been Ibme Time 
fettled on this Ifland, the St. Philip's Merchants 
having a large Boat, managed by a Portuguefe 
Sailor, whom they had hired, and uled to lend 
to St Jago with Cotton Cloths, when the Portu^ 
guefs Snips mifled coming to trade there 5 one of 

E e 4 the 

[ 4*4 ] 

the Priefts of St. Pbilip% out of a Godly Roi^i/h 
Zeal, to try what he could pick up among the 
poor ShepherdidS Blacks at St. Jobn^Sy got the 
Proprietors of the Boat to fend her with him 
over thither, and he making known the pious 
Occafion of his coming, and his Powef of par- 
doning their Sins, and thereby fending them eafily, • 
and ypt certainly, to Heaven, let rfieir Actions 
be never {o bad- and the Impoffibility of their 
goinor thither, let their Adions be never fb good, 
witho it a Sacerdotal or Prieftly Admittance by 
Ablblution ; and a great Part of thefe Notions 
being alfb inftilhd into thofe firft Inhabitants, by 
their Brother Blacks, who lately came from St. 
Pbilip^s^ the pious Padre had little niore to do, 
than to baptize them a^ they were, without in- 
ftrufting them much further in the Principles of 
Religion, it being fufficient to believe that ^hey 
were Chriflians by their Baptifin, and, that they 
were iure to go to Heaven, and, at the Refur- 
reCtion, to be changed white, &c. and fo he 
mumbled over a Mafi, which neither they that 
heard it, nor he that readmit, underftood ; where- 
by he got what he went for j for thofe Blacks 
which came from Fogo^ or St. Philip\^ having 
taught the others hov/ to fpin Cotton, which 
naturally grew there, and to wear it (they before 
going ftark naked, as moft of the Negroes pn 
the Coaft of Guinea do) the Reverend Padre got 
Cloths of thofe that had them, and fingle Breadths 
from others, Cotton Thread, or Yam, from 
others. Cotton from thofe that neither had fpun 
nor wove, and from others Indigo, which like- 
ways then grew common, though it does not now ; 
from others Hogs, Fowls, ^c. the good pious 
Padre refufing nothing that was brought him, 
which he thought worth receiving, and when he 
tiad got as much as he thought he could well ma- 

C 4*5 ] 

nage to get back in the Boat, he took his Leave of 
them, and prepared for his Return ; the poor 
deluded Souls waiting on him down to the Fuurnoy 
where his Boat lay ^ and he, in Return of their 
Kindnefi, freely gave them a parting Mafs in a 
Cave there, which, ever Cnce, goes by the Name 
of Fuurno de Padre. 

Accordingly he took his Leave of them, telling 
them, ^bat what they had given was to God^ and 
that be was God^s Steward^ or Receiver ; and, in* 
deed, no? only there, but in all the reft of the 
Iflands, the People are perfuadedf that whatever 
is given to the Prieft, is given to God, unlefi 
they particularly dedicate it to fbme Saint, in 
which Caie, they think they lay an Obligation 
on the Saint to whom they make the Prefent, 
to ftand their Friend ; and for which Saints, the 
Priefts are al(b the Receivers, as well as of God : 
He promifed, however, vto return again, to give 
them a fiirther Abfblution for what Sins they 
Ihould commit in his Abfence ; and fo he returned 
laden home, and vifited them yearly, or as often 
as ,hc could, or found it would anfwer ; 'till after 
ibme Years, as he was giving his Benedidipn, and 
laying a Mafi for them in the afore-mentioned 
Cave, having not above Thirty Auditors (for it 
ieems they began to fufped:, for all their Igno- 
rance, that the principal Motive of his pretended 
Piety, was Avarice, and therefore- did not now fo 
univerfally attend him down to the Boat, as at 
firft) the Cave fell in, where the pious Padre re- 
mains with all his Auditors, without being able to 
finifh his Mafs, 'till this Day. 

They were heard groaning for Three Days 
after 5 but the Rocks and great Stones which fell 
in, and ftopped their coming forth, could not 
be moved to let them out ; and it was happy for 
t^jc reft of the Inhabitants^ th^t. ^Jci^vt "Ldk ^^ 

not fo vehement as at firft ; for had they been all 
there, the lame l^ate would have befallen diem, 
and die whole Ifland muft have been mtirely de< 

The Boat*Men perceiving thdr pious Mafter 
fixed, and ik> PoiRbility ol his coming forth, 
made the beft of their Way home, where they 
gave the doleful Account or Singore Padre* s^ and 
his moft zealous Auditors Imprifbnment ^ and fb 
die black Flock of the Ifland of St. Jobn\ re- 
mained widiout an abfblving Paftor air ieveral 
Years, which g^ve them fiich an Opportunity of 
mingling the Pagan and Bj)mi/h Superftidons fb 
radically (making good that old Chymical Axiom, 
S^at Like eafily unites and incorporates with its 
X/ifef ) that to this Day they remmn un&pa« 

Some Years after, the King of PGrtugat fent a 
Ship at his own Charge, to carry the Bifiiop« ^c. 
round the Iflands, as well as all the Coaft or Qui^ 
nej^ for a general Vifitarion, who, out of his 
mc^ reverend Piet)*, placed a Fellow there to 
be Prieft • and when I was there, the then Prieft 
was the Fourth, and, I don't doubt, was a Pa- 
tem of his Predeceflbrs, or, it might be, exceeded 
them in Learning; for he could make (hift to 
read in his old Miflal Book, which, I fuppofe, 
the Reverend Bilhop gave him when ordained to 
that Fundion, which he calls and believes to be 
the ScnpTurJ j\:grade (i. e. Holy Scriptures) and 
told me lb himfelf ; and when I told him, that it 
was not, but that that Appellation was alone given 
to the Bible ; his AnlU-er u-as (for I had told him 
before, that my Country- was feparated frcnn the 
RcffJsOj Communion, on Account of the Tenets 
they held in Contradiction of the undoubted 
Word of God) 37\jr rj us the Bible might be 

ile lc:i Re:'<. Uj^^ •L;:e l^i^ iccaufe it :vjs certain^ 


C 4*7 ] 

that when we apoftatized from the Holy Catholick 
Churchy that that holy Book of the Mafs^ which far 
exceeds the Bible^ was not given us by the ^ holy 
Pope^ it not being lawful for any to look into itj 
hut Priefts lawfully ordained by a Roman Bijhop. 

I urged. His not knowing for the moft Part what 
was contained in itj it beinz i9$ Latin, a Language 
which he did not underflam^ any more than /, that 
never read it. 

He told me, He did not think that was any Im^ 
ferfe£iion in him^ unlefs he was of a higher Order ; 
and that to be able to under/land it^ was fo fublime 
a Myfiery^ that it was not^ that he knew ofy taught 
to any black Prieft ; and added, ^bat be knew 
enough^ viz. What he fhould read to baptize^ and 
marry ; as likewife for the principal Holidays^ and 
for Sundays i and whether be underftood or not^ 
God would never fail blefjing the Effe£is of tbofe 
Sacraments : He aUb feid, itbat he could fay or 
read the Office for confecrating the Body and Blood ^ 
ofChrifiy and tranfubftantiating tht IVafer into that 
true Body and Bloody as often as he read the Words 
of the Confecration^ with an Intent to make the Sacra^ 
ment ; though he did not^ he confejfedj underftand 
the Meaning of one Word that be read ^ He urged 
the fame for the Abfolutionj and Rjedeeming out of 
Purgatory^ by the Abfolution Office^ and the Majfes 
for the Deady and a great; deal of fiich Stuffy But 
notwithftanding all his high Freteniions, and the 
Ignorance of nis Flock, there are feveral of the^v 
thinking Sort of thefe poor Innocents, that reve- 
rence him only from the Teeth outwards, as we 
ufe to lay. 

He baptizes, marries, and buries ; but the Na- 
tives have intermixed with thofe Rites, fome of 
their old heatheniih Superftitions, (lich as waihing 
before Baptifin, decking the Bride with Flo^«^ 
and a Garland, on die Marriage \>vj ^Wvcv?, >c«?: 


bodily Worihip, ftripping her of all at Night, 
and putting Earth on her Head, in Token of Sub- 
je&ion, Iprinkling the Graves of the Dead with 
Water, and {bmetimes with the Juice of Water* 
Melons, and abundance of other Fooleries. 

This Ifland, as 1 told you before, is very high, 
yet being fb near the Ifland of St, Philips it 
ieems, in Comparifcm of that, to b|p but low. 
* It abounds the moft with Salt-peter, of any of 
the Cape de Verd Iflands ; and the Governor of- 
fered to engage himlelf to procure me a Cargo iiif- 
ficient to load with it, that Sldop, or even bigger 
than I loft there: It grows in leveral hollow 
earthen Caves there, and hangs, or covers all the 
Infide like a thick hoar Froft, and, in ibme Places, 
in Strias like liicles 9 and in ibme hollow Rocks, 
and rocky Caves in great Strias, as thick as a 
Man's Thumb. 

I tried leveral of the Eaiths of that Ifland, and 
extrafted out of fbme ^r 5 others from 1^ to ' , and, 
indeed, moft of the Rocks abound with Nitre, 
which I experimented by taking thofe which crum- 
bled, or feparated into finall Particles like Duft, 
from which the moift Air diflblved the Salt, which, 
perhaps, is the Gluten that binds them together 
when compared as Stones ^ but we will leave this 
for the natural Philolbphers to difcufs. 

This Ifland, 1 believe, doth abound with Cop- 
per, and, perhaps, with finer Metals 3 for which 
I will give you my Realbns. 

There are feveral Acid Fountains, perhaps, not 
wanting much of the Acidnefs of undephlegmated 
Oil of Vitriol, which I tried, for want of a better 
Manner, thus. 

I put a clean Knife into thefe Fountains, and 
in about Half a Minute, it would be all over 
covered with Copper^ looking near a Gold Co- 
Jour, fo thicV:^ x\v^t \ covA^ t^cix ^^^^wt. Z3x^ Iron 

[ '419 3 

^ £[i* as the Knife was immerged, and held in 
the Water ; and this was not a bare G>louring o£ 
the Iron, but coppered over fb by letting it ftand 
fomething longer, that when I had expoled the 
Knife to the Sun *till it was dry, I could, with, 
another, fcrape off the Copper, which would be 
like Scales, and Ibme in Powder, and where any 
Scratch, or the like,0was in the Knife, it would 
lie as if it had been enammeird, €^r. There are £bme 
of thofe Watxjrs will much fooner copper a Knife 
over, thin ethers ; and where diey run at a Di- 
ftance, the- Acidity diminifhes proportionable to 
their Diftance from the Fountain Head. 

There are feveral very heavy Sands and Earth ♦ 
of divers Colours, and fbme of them exceeding 
Iron, and not much, if any thing, yielding to 
Lead, in Ponderofity^ fbme are of a blueifli 
Black, others of a purplifh • fome of a bright 
redifh, others of a dark redifli Colour. 

I remember, one Time I was a'fifhing on the ^ 
South-Side of the Ifland, and being extreme hot, 
I laid by mv Fifhing-Craft, and fcrambled up the 
Rocks to nnd a fhady Place to fmoak a Pipe of 
Tobacco ; I/ound a Place to my Mind, and fill- 
ing a Pipe, I took a Piece of dry Silk Cotton 
Tree, and cutting it into Two Pieces, by Friftion 
I fbon kindled it, and lighted my Pipe with it : As 
I was ferioufly finoaking it, contemplating, and 
looking about me, at a pretty Diftance I perceived 
a Rock, on which the Sun reflecting his Beams, it 
gliftered like burnifhed Gold : My Curiofity led me 
thither to inform myfelf better of the Occafion of 
it, aad whether it was only the Sun Beams ; and 
when I had clambered up to it, it looked exadly 
as if it was all thick gilt : I rubbed my Hand 
againft it, but nothing came off; whereupon I 
took my Knife, and found I could fcrape it oflf^ 
but it was fb thin, that I could colled; icarce any 

V -. 

d( it; arid \<rhere I Icraped it o^, tike Rock ap«* 
peared, which was of a blackifh Colour : I otv 
icrved, that the Rock was gilt only where the 
Water run down^ in the Time of the Rains, from 
^ihc Mountains. 

I looked about, and c(pied another, which gli- 
fiered with golden Spangles : I went to that aUb, 
and found it all full of Go|^ Fibres, fbme as fine 
as Hairs, fbme as thick as an ^ordinary Needle, 
whereupon I took my Knife, and endeavoured 
to pick out fbme of this Gold, and got, I believe, 
near a Dram Weight, which Was folid Gold, as 
far at I could perceive by the Eye 3 I had got one 
little Bit, like a fmall flatted Wire, about Half an 
Inch long, by cutting and raifing the End up, 
and not being able to get any more out of the 
Rock, the Vein running deeper in, I was forced 
to break it off, by bending it backwards and for- 
wards Three or Four Times, 'till it broke ; and 
breaking my Knife with the Experiment, I defift- 
ed, and came down again to my black Mates, 
without taking Notice to them of what I had feen ; 
and a little brfore I went from the Ifland, I told 
the Governor of it, who would f^in have had 
me gone down with him to Ihew it him, which 
Journey I found means to avoid , neither was it 
ever obferved by any of the Natives before, and 
as they were not told the Place, fb it's a Queflion 
whether they have found it yet. 

This Ifland abounds with Filh, efpecially about 
the little Iflands j where alfo, fome Tortoife re- 
fbrt at the Seafbn of laying their Eggs ^ but they 
are not much regarded for Food, either here, or at 
St. Philip's^ or at St. Jago^ and yet at all the 
other Iflands, they are accounted their mofl: de- 
licious Food y and, indeed, fb they are. 






V -•■ *' -fb- *i 

t ■ -, . . -tM « ^ ■ --Jt^* < 

n.a . ■ wf »■ 







t .♦ 





1 i 




^ /Aal-drrpi iru^ 
^ -minded irtt 





«S^ Sim^irrvS^ree,. 

C 43* 3 

To thcfc Iflands, viz. The Me of Jlfoy, Tbut * 
more to St. JagOj and moft at St. Jobn\ come at 
the nfual Times of their Cooting, or what odier 
Term you pleafe to give it, the Baaleas^ whidi 
is a Sort of Iflfale or Grampus^ very common 
alfb on the Coaft of Brafil^ where they catch 
them mudi after the Mmmer that Whales are 
caught at Greenland, of which diey make Train- 
Oil: and ibme of thofe People do confidently 
affirm. That the Ambergris is the Sperm of that 
kind of Fifli, Ihed in the Water at the Time of 
their Cooting, and will tell you, that at firft it is 
like a Jelly, and whitiih, but acquires that dark 
Colour by degrees, in floating upon the Siu*faca 
of the Water, and hardens afterwards to that 
Confiftence we fee it in. 

They fay likewife, That the Virgin or Firft ^ 
Sperm evacuated, is white and tran^arent, and 
congeals white, 

I myfelf have feen of that white Ambergris 5 
but whether that be the Caufe of its Whitraefi, 
or that it proceeds from the Sperm of thofe Baa-- 
teas, I leave to the Judgment of others, 'till I 
have an ocular Demonftration, or at leaft aHela- 
tion, which I may credit equal to ftich. 

I have feen a Male and Female play Three 
Days fucceffively in the Fuurno, and conftandy 
every Night go out to Sea, and come in again 
about Eight or Nine of the Clock the next Morn- 
ing, and would lie and fleep an Hour or Two 
together, lying in the Water like the Hull of a 
Ship turned Bottom up, and it would not require 
much Skill or Fains, to ftrike a Harpoon into 
either, or both of them ; the Male is not abdve 
half the Bignels of the Female. 

There hath been formerly a great deal of Am- 
bergris found about this Ifland, but very little 
now 9 there was a Portuguefe about Thirty Years 

[431 1 

paft$ ^t Mtas hsmifhed &cm'ipartu^alj for iomd 
Crime by him committed^ fi>r a Term of Tear^ 
vibo got him a little Sloop, or ^lallop, and traded 
widi her among the& Hhnds^' and lighted on a 
Piece of Amba:gri$ of almoft an increctible Big>- 
ntfsj 'mth which he purchafed his Freedom ta 
return to Partial again, before the TermiSbr 
liis Exile was con^leated ^ and moreover, if xiqr 
Relator, ipofce Truth, pmichafed himfelf a ple»* 
tifiil Eftate, and iiever after went to Seaj the 
Man's Name was John Cameira^ and tifie Rock 
near to which he found it, whkh was between 
die Two little Iflands, is, at prelent calkxi fay 
bis Name by die Natives, as well as I^ the 

This Ifland of St Jobn\ hath feveral Bays, or 
Roads, where a Ship niay anchoif ; but d^ nrin- 
cipal, and, ^indeed, the beft ab6ut all die I^d, 
h the Fuurnoy which, in their Tongue, fignifies 
an OvcHy or Cave ; occaiioned either by die feve- 
ral Caves thereabouts, or elfe becaufe the Harboor 
Is a dole Bay, or Cave ; for, indeed, if you hale 
in near the Rock called the Kaay, which is a very 
good Key, having Water enough for a FiriURatle 
Man of War to hale along Side of it, you wHl 
lie Land-lock'd for all Winds ^ neither is there 
any Wind that blows in there, except from tfic 
South-by-Eaft to the South-by-Weft, which 
heaves a Sea into the Bay, and maijes it very well 
deferve the Name of a Harbour. 

It's a little difficult to find, for one that hevcr 
was in it 3 but I will endeavour to give as good 

Direftions for that Purpofe as I can. When 

you are about the North End ofFogOj or St. PW- 
lip\ and bound for Brava^ or St. John\ if it be 
any thing clear, you will then fee the lilatnd of 
St. Johns 'y but if it ihould be hazy, as often-' 
times it is, ft^er away North-by-Weft, if you be 


1 4n 1 

\cittiin Two Leagues off St. Pbilip^s^ and accord** 
ing as your Offing is more or leis, order your 
Courfe 5 with that Offing, that Courfe will bring 
you fair for the little Iflands^ the Eaftermoft hav- 
ing a Bluff Honimock on the South End, the 
Weftermoft of the little Iflands having a peeked 
Homm6ck 3 Run direftly for the Eaftermoft of the 
little Iflands, giving the North End of it an in- 
different good Birth, and fb run down along it 
at about a Mile diftant, 'till you are abreaft of 
the Bluff Hommock, on the South End of it, 
then ftcer diredUy for the North-Eaft Point of the 
Ifland of St. Jobftj which is a low flat Point, 
which give a Birth to, of about hatf a Mile, 
'till you are fliot ta the Southward of it, then 
hale in along fliore, and run down within a large 
Cable's Length of the Rocks, 'till you come 
abreaft of a Cave, and then you will fee a low 
Point of a Rock (hooting out a little Way from 
the high Land, about a Quarter of a Mile, or 
lefs, a Head of you : About that Point is the 
Fuurno ; give that Point a Birth of Ibmething 
better than half a Cable, but not much more^ 
for fear of not fetching into the Bay, which turns 
up like an Elbow, ^nd you may anchor where 
you pleafe ^ but neareft on the Eaft Side is 

If you have a Mind to moof, 'tis beft done 
with a Faft alhore, and not Swing, but have a 
finall Hawfer alhore from the Stern to the North- 
ward, where you Will lie iheltered like (as the 
Name denotes, n)iz?) an (yven. Note^ To come 
from the Eaftward, to run for the Ifland of Stw 
John^ you muft be lure not to run about the 
South End of St. Philip's , for then, with an ordi- 
nary Trade Wind, you cannot fetch the Fuurno^ 
nor hardly any Part of the Ifland. 

P i iSadeTddi 

C 434 3 

Faciend de Agoa^ is a Bay lying on the ISforth- 
Weft Side of the Ifland, and is a fhingly Beach ; 
it is eafily known by the Banana Trees in the 
Valley, which is the only Valley of that Fruit 
that is vifible from the Sea : You may anchor 
near the Middle of the Beach, nigher the North 
Side, where you will have clean Ground in Eight, 
Nine, and Ten Fathom Water, and a firefli run- 
ning Water almoft down to the Beach. 

Farther down to Leeward, on die South-Weft 

Side of the Ifland, about a finooth low Point, 

but rifing high fuddenly, is the Ferrier Bajj it 

makes, as it were. Two Bays, by a high Bluff 

Rock in the Middle, dividing the Beach in Two, 

which, at a Diftance,, looks like Shingle, but is 

large pebble Stones. This is a fair Bay, and 

finooth Landing-Place, with a large Pool, Lake, 

or Balbn of frefh Water, behind the South-£aft- 

crmoft Beach, which is a! ways fed by the Water 

running doxkn from the Mountains, through the 

Vallev to it ; this Bav is all over clean Grounds 

in lome Places Sand, bur moftl^' a Sort of a tou£h. 

laffCX-v-e, CT Clay, and commonly the Sea rjis 

finooth on the Beach ; there is a Kaay, or Roci, 

on the Xorth-\Veft Side, to which you mav pa 

the Boar, and wo'jjd be a good Riding-Place, "were 

it nor tor the lb"ong Flaws which come down the 

Vaiie^s ; which, when it blows any thing of a 

^jle,' thcrfe Flaws are prodigious \iolent, imo- 

moth, that a Ship cannot turn into it, and ctten- 

uofSy when at an Anchor, may be forced o •' 

^ I gave you an Inftance before, in the P-Z 

S:/?, who left his Anchor and Water Coic" be- 
d hun, and could not beat in again. 

Y^ evf • 'C' ^^ y''"'"''y- ^^^ reft of the 
^ear, except m the rainy and Ihiftina Wind Sea 

fon, which then is not ik Riding S, ^i IS^ 



f 435 3 

which lies open to the Sduth-Eaft^ South, and 
South-Weft Winds, which bring in a great Sea, 
and would put any Ship afliore, that fhould be 
caught here in any of thofe Winds, when ftrong j 
but elfe, as I faid, it's good riding here, and you 
have, in fine Weather, efpecially in the Months 
of March^ Aprils and Mdy^ a Southerly Breeze 
from the Sea in the Evening, but never, in thofe 
Months, to raife any Sea ; and all the Night, and 
""till Ten or Eleven in the Forenoon, an Off-lhore 
Wind. • 

This IS the Road moft ufed by Shipping, be* 
caufe very few are acquainted with the Fuurno. 

There are other Bays, as Scio^ which is a fair 
landy Bay, but ^tis difficult to come down the 
Rocks to itj neither is there any Water ^ likewife 
the Salt Point Bay^ where I loft my Sloop ^ but 
the i*eft are fb infignificant, that I (hall omit giving 
any farther Defcription of them. 

In the Leewardmoft of the little Iflands, about 
the South- Weft End, there is a little Cove, where 
^ finall V§(Iel might lie very well s there are, in-* 
deed, Ibme great Stones or Rocks in it, but 
you may fee the Bottom, as you may in moft 
Places about thefe Iflands, in 7,8,9,10, or 12 
Fathom Water 5 and you have Room enough in 
that Cove, to moor, and fwing clear of thofe 
Stones ^ and thus much for a Defcription of St. 

I (hall next take the Ifland of St. Nicholas in my 
^ Way, as being the Windwardmoft of thofe Iflands 
yet undefcribed* 

Viz th^ 

-t* •* 

C4?« ] 

,«t M. A A A ^. ^> ^ £k "^ 

The IJland of St. NICHOLAS, 

IS the longeft of all the Cape de Verd lilands, 
except St. Jago ^ and its Port Paragbefi lies 
from 'Pcilmcra in the Ifle of Sal^ Weft-Southerly 
about 30 Leagues, and in North Latitude i6<>- 
45*5 and Weft Longitude from the Cape de Verd 
06^-52', and is a fruitful Ifland for M^z, and 
the beft Felhoon on all the Cape de Verd Iftands^^ 
both white and black ^ as likewife Flantax^es, Ba- 
nanas, Pompion, Water Musk-Melcxi^ Lemons^ 
Limes, and Oranges, fweet and four ; they have 
fome Sugar- Canes, but not many, of which they 
make Molofles j they have Vineyards, of which 
they make a tartilh Wine, and, in a good Vin- 
tage, commonly 60 or 70 Pipes. I came to know 
the Quantity, by the Tythe paid the Prieft. It 
is oftentimes fold at 3/. or j/. loj. per Pipe; 
but there is hardly any to be got by Cbrifiraas ; 
and the Time of their Vintage is June and 

U lu\* had a great Plenty of Goats, Hogs, and 
Fo»\v!s, bct'oro the late Famine, which although it 
did not hold there fo long as on fome of the other 
Ilsinds, being but three Years, yet, while it laft- 
cd, was feverer than in any of the others , for 
being an Illand of little Trade, affording no Com- 
modity for Foreigners, but Affes, which are like- 
wife common to the other Iflands, they feldom 
had above one or t^o Ships in a Year ^ and thofe 
Animals not being in fo much Requeft in the 
IJ'c^ Indies^ as ufual, they fometimes have not 


C 437 ] 

had a Ship once in two Years, which has necefli-f 
tated them to be more induftrious than any of 
their Neighbours ^ for they can, and do make 
G)tton Clolhs as fafhionable as our common Coun- 
try Tailors, and will make Buttons to imitate al- 
moft any Pattern you IDbew them : They knit 
Cotton Stockings, tan Goat and Cow Hides, and 
make tolerable Shoes ; and their Women by far 
are the moft houfewifely and ingenious with their 
Needles, of any of the Iflands ; and fhe that 
does not appear with a wrought Coif, like thofe 
afore defcrib'd wore by the Jfiona vift Women, is 
look'd upon as an idle Perfbn : They are alfo 
more modeft, never appearing out of their Houles, 
nor within, before Strangers bare ; which at St. 
yobn^s is common y and, except when they are 
out a planting, or weeding, or gathering in their 
Harveft, they are always at work with their 
Needles, or Ipinning, if they have any Cotton^ 
which now is fcarce ; for that Drought deftroy'd 
that Commodity here, as it did that of all their 
Neighbours of the Cape de Verd Iflands, Bona njifi 
only excepted. 

They make the beft Cloths and Cotton Quilts 
of all the Iflands , but they are too good for the 
Guinea Trade, but do well for that of Brafil^ for 
which the Portuguefe were wont to touch there. 

It ufed to abound moft with wild Goats, as 
well as Cov/s, which all belonged to the Lord Pro- 
prietor, who was the old.Marquels Des Minhas ; 
but fmce his Death, the King hath realTum'd it 
into his own Hands, as he has alfb St. Lucia and 
St. Vincent^ which, with St. Antonio^ all belonged 
to that Marquis, the latter only being his Here- 
ditary Eftate, and not held at the Pleafure of the 
King : And this Nobleman ufed every Year to 
fend a Ship '£>r the Goatskins and Hides, which 

E f 3 NK^Si 


was all the Profit he had out of thofe IQandSy ex* 

cept St. Antonio s. 

The Iflands of St. Lucia and St. Vincent being 
uninhabited^ are reckoned dependant* upon that 
of St. Nicbohs^ the Governor whereof has told 
jne. That he had ordinafily fhipp*d ofiF for Portu^ 
gal^ as a Year's Produftion, without diminifhing 
the Stock, (for that is their Rule, only to kill the 
Number they think the Stock increafes yearly) 
zooo Goatskins from thofe Three Iflands, and 
oftentimes upwards of loo Hides from &i. Nicb<h 
las only, the other two Iflands having no Cows 
on them ^ and thefe 2000 were all the Skins of 
He- Goats, the She being the Perquifite of the 
Steward or Governor, (as they call him) as well 
as all the Flefh of the Cows and Goats, who has 
Power to give or fell it, as he pleafes. 

But this was before the Famine had diminifh'd 
the Stock, for fmce that, the People firft eat their 
own Hogs, and tame Goats, and after deftroyM 
the Proprietor's Stock qf C-ows, and wild Goats j 
\o that when I was laft upon this Ifland, there 
were but forty Head of great Cattle, and the 
Stock of wild Goats was lb diminifli'd, that the 
prctcMit Governor told me, it would not be worth 
while tv^ lend a Sh'p for tlic Skins for three Year^ 
tv> eanu\ 

This liland d?d once very much abound with 
Dragon Trees, the Gu'm or Juice of which run- 
ning out, when c::r ..l- :» proper Sealbn, yields the 
Cju:n call':! j..\.;i^;//.c Draconis^ which is very well 
known to rrui^giils, and ufed in the Medicinal 
Arc : 'ihcy have a ^Vay of cutting off the 
Braiichco at a proper Seaibn, when the Gum or 
Sap rues, and boiling them in Water, from which 
they have an Artifice to lepnrate the Gum, but 
'tis not n'gh fo clear, nor, I believe, fo good as 
the other : But feme tiuie ago, when Captain 

C 459 ] 

Avery^ the Pirat^, touchM here, the Inhabitants 
ibme way dilgufted him fb, that he burnt all their 
Town, which is the moft populous, as well as 
compafteft, of any on all the Iflands, and al- 
though not built {6 large, nor the Walls cemented 
with Lime-Mortar, as the Houfes at the City of 
jSt. Jago are, rior covered, not even the Church, 
with any thing but Grafs Thatch ; yet for Num- 
ber of Houfes, as well as regular Streets, it ra*- 
ther exceeds that City ; and they being, more- 
over, the only People that build and ufe Boats in 
thoijp Iflands, v/hich deflroyM moft of their wild 
Fig^rees, (the only Wood fit for that Ufe) thev 
were forc'd to cut down the Dragon Tree, which 
is a loofe grained Wood, and hollow in the Mid- 
dle, going tapering upwards, fbmething like the 
Bore of a Pump ^ and with thefe Trees they 
roofed their Houfes again, and moft of them hav- 
ing Chambers, they floored them with the Boards 
made of this Wood ; fb that now it is fb fcarce, 
that I queftion whether there be 20 or 30 Pounds 
of that Gum made yearly on that Iflaitd, and a 
great deal of that is adulterated too. 

They have Horfes now, which were brought 
over to this Mland from Bona Vtft about fourteen 
Years fince, by one Captain KoUo^ a Frenchman ; 
fince which Time they have increased fb, that 
now they can fupply a Ship with a Cargo of 

I carry 'd over to it in my Boat a yearling 
Heifer, from Bona Vifta^ which Captain Manuel 
Domingo gave me to kill on Board for Food, and 
would have given it to my Landlord Nicholau 
Gonfal'vo^ but he being a Relation of the former 
Governor, between whom, and the prefent Go- 
vernor, there is but an outfide Friendftiip, I found 
he would not let him keep it, pretending there 
was no Liberty given for any body to fe.^^'^ C^^^-, 

:: keep 

_ -^ bctore, in tht Fn- 

:r •-•" St.NicbclasJ v%h:jh 

--:' . or what ellb t-ev 

— - — «± - • ' ' 

r '.'■ ' -'. ':.--'. '-.: ::. r ii^r came with ?r:- 
'. ' ■/- - -. . /. J:-.-, -.-ich he broj![i;hr rr:m 
^''- • vt". r.':-. . :':: Crr.on Clorhs firfr, l'.: 
K^ =:'- ?'.: I.: -.:.-- i.. -r :".:'-i:i: fit, and thi- 
-' '. . -: :\. r\: - .:-..-£ z-: rricv Money : which 
f ':,• ^ '5v :: , .:.: f..r: :: rhe Coin of this 

'J r.': lU^i.A ;: <: prefer: ffr:':e, ar.d they begin 
?'. .n'i'.ff': rii^rir .^itoc!-.? or' Ho^'^ aiid Fowls apace, 
j«ifof/ji/r fi, flir,!: f-.v FamiJies but have Store of 
iljof' Aniur-ik ; and it :> ftrangc to fce^ how 
i)iiirkly rjiry fi'ivc incrcas'd thcni : I qiieftion, in 


C 441 3 

fuch a Conditian, whether our Politicks in EuropQ 
could, or at leaft would, have found out fuch a 
Method of univerfally ftocking one another, with^ 
out either giving or felling, and that out of not 
above ten Hogs, and not many more Fowls, and 
not half the Quantity of tame Goats , fo that now, 
very few, if any, but what have Hogs, and a 
great many of them Fowls, and, I believe, could 
furnifh aVeflel with a Cargo of live Hogs on 
reafbnable Terms. 

This Ifland is moftly high Land, the higheft 
being a flat Sugar-Loaf-like Mountain, I mean a 
rounding, not a fharp pointed Peek : It lies a 
pretty way up in the Land towards the Weft 
End. There is no good nor fafe Road on this 
Ifland in the fliifting Wind Seafbn ^ but when the 
true Trade Wind is fettled, there are three or 
four indifferent ones : That which is neareft the 
Town is Paraghefi^ where is a Bay where you 
may ride off fingle, or moor'd, the Wind being 
always offwards from the Shore ; or you may 
hale into the Cove of Paraghefi^ and ni^oor be-? 
tween four. 

In the Cod of the Bight is the Road of Porto 
Lappa y this you can't miis finding, becaufe it is 
in the very Cod of the Great Eighty on the South 
Side of the Ifland : This Road is foul Ground, 
and feveral Anchors have been loffc there by the 
tables being cut with the Rocks. 

To the Eaflward of Porto Lappa^ about half 
Way between that and the Eaft Point of the 
Ifland, is the Road of Currifal^ where is a River 
of frefti Water clofe to the ^each : The beft An-j 
choring is to the Eafl^ard of the Beach, almoft 
fliut in j then you are abreaft of Petra de Loomay 
a funk flat Rock, over which the Sea always 
breaks, which, I fuppofe, gave it the Name of 
the F/ry Kjocky which that Name imports -^ b\$t, 

[ 44i ] 

as diefe mentioned Roads are not commonly 
jmown, cfpccially Paragbefi and Currifal, and 
diere being nothing fo remarkable on the Land^ 
for a Stranger to be able, by any Defcription^ to 
find them, which is the Redbn k> few uie them ^ 
yet die Coaft is fo clean, that a Man may run 
along from the £aft Point, till within half a 
League of the South-Weft Point, within Call o( 
the Shore ; and there are always People either on 
the Look-out, which they keep all round that Part 
of the liland where a Ship may anchor, or a Boat 
land, f5rom about the Middle of Olfober^ till the 
latter Part of June^ or beginning of July -y the 
Turaado Time, they think, being afumcient Se- 
curity for them from Enemies without a Look-out ; 
or you may fee Filhermen on the Rocks, to whom 
you may call, or fend your Boat afliore, and 
have a Pilot to any Road you defire^ or you 
mav run with an cafy Sail, or lie too a little, to 
give thfi People Time to gather down, and then 
you may eafily dilcover the Port, by the Con- 
courle of People gathered at it. 

But the moft generally known Road is ^ena* 
f,i!'L which lies en the Weft Side of the Ifland : 
The beft Mark lo know it by, is die Natives great 
Boats, of which there never fails fbme of them 
being haled up afnore tho-e : This is a clean Bay, 
and vou mav anchor anv where in or about it to 
the Southward, but efpecially to the Northward, 
without any Fear of foul Ground. 

There is a high BI:iff rocky Pcifit^ which does 
not reach down to the Sea-fide by near a Quarter 
of a Mile -, between which and the Sea, ir6 low, 
ftony, gra\-elly, and, in Ibme Places, /Kingly 
Ground, the Shore being a pebbly Beach : Oil 
each Side this Bluff-Point is a deep Gully, cut 
^•erj' deep by the violent falling of the Waters in 
the rainy Tuats ^ out oC vihich Gullies or Vallies 

. C 445 ] 

come violent Flaws or Gufts of Wind, when any 
thing of a hard Gale blows, and it i^ then very 
0SiCvi% to turn up into this Bay ; but to avQid 
the Flaws of Wind coming out of thefe ValHes, 
you muft anchor right againft the Bluff-Pbint^ 
which you may do in what Depth of Water you 
pleafe, from fixtcen to thyee or four Fathom^ and 
then you will lie between the Gufts of thofe Tal- 
lies, which will eoo^e, as I have feen ^iem, with foch 
Violence, that they raife the Water, as it were, all 
of a Smoke ; and in the Middle, between them, 
under the Lee of the afore-qaentionM Kluff'-Pointj 
you may lie and ride very cafy, ki Comparifbn of 
what you would do by riding open to either of 
thole deep Vallies or Gullies. 

There is a Bank of Sand lies erofs the Mouth 
of this Bay, on which is about ten Fathom, with- 
in it is twelve, thirteen, and fourteen Fathom 
Water, and Ibft Ground, and then it Ihoals 
gradually to the Shore, till you are in four pr five 
Fathom, where you have again Sand to the pebbfjr 

There is good Watering here, by digging a 
Well almoft any where in the low Land, unjefi 
the rainy Seafbn hath fail'd ; but at all Times you 
may water there, in a Valley about half a Mile 
from the Sea, from which the Natives will brii^ 
it down on Afles for a Trifle. 

From this Road you may fee, when the Ait 1$ 
ferene, all the Leeward Iflamfe; but eife you can 
fee none but the Ijle of Dogs^ or Jfle Cbaon^ and 
not them, if it be any thing hazy.< 

Thefe People fpeak the beft Portuguefe^ and 
are the exadteft Romans of all the Cape de Verd ^ 
Iflands, not excepting St. Jago^ and yet they are 
all black, or Copper-colour'd, with frizzled Hair, 
except a few of the Frmb Race^ left there by 

* I 444 ] 

the Pirate Maret^hwin^ and three old Portuguefe 
wd two or three old Portuguefe Women. 

As they are in their Language moft like the 
Portuguefej fe are they like the vulgar Sort of 
that Nation, very Thieves to Strai^rs: And^ 
where they take an Antipathy, very Blood-thirfty, 
being very dextirous ^t their Kjiives. 

Before the Famine, they were computed to be 
above aoop Souls, but now they are not above 13 
or 1400 : They have moftly a European Portu-- 
gjuefe Padre, and it is as much as he can do, fbme- 
tinoucs, to manage them ; for notwithftanding they 
profeis the fimple Romijb Religion, unmingied 
with FaganifiD, qr j^ny other Superftition, as moft 
c£ the reft are, not excepting St. Jago ^ yet 
are they {o headftrong and refblute, as I never 
law any where pradis'd by thofe of that Pro- 
• I'here are the fame Sorts of Sands and Stones 
here as at St. Johns ; and here the Natives have 
a Tradition, that there is Silver or Gold in them, 
but can't tell how to extraft it ; however, it is 
in few here, but at St. Johns almoft every 

On this Ifland is alio good Nitre, as alio that 
Beur (Tore^ mentioned in my Defer iption of St. 
y^go : There is alfb of it at St. yohnh^ but not 
to much, though altogether as glittering, and of 
a golden AfpeA 5 but at St. Nicholas lefs than 
either, and alfo lefs glittering. 


C 545 1 

The Ifland o/CHAONj 

THE Ifland, or rather Rock Chaon^ lie^ 
from ^erra-fall Weft-Northerly about three 
Leagues, to which the St: Nicholas Men go td 
fi(h with their Boats , between which, and Jfle 
Branca^ is all foul Ground. 



Is a high fteep Rock, lying in Length Eaft- 
Soudi-Eaft and Weft-North-Weft, about two' 
or three Mile$. The St Nicbolas'TAtn come here 
alfo to fifti, and under the South Side is a Place 
where they can ride with their Boats ; but if it 
biowsj, there come ftrong Flaws down the Rock, 
that they care leaft for fiftiing thcr^^ of ariy or 
the Rocks or Iflands, unlefs it be very moderate 
Weather , tho* there is extraordinary filhing about 
this Ifland. There is on the South Side, a Vein 
of white Rock runs under the high dark rocky 
Land, which appears, at a Diflance, like white 
Sand Hills, from whence, I believe, it took the 
Name of Ilha Branca^ or White Ifland, It is 
brbken Ground between IJle Branca and St. Luciay 
with leveral Rocks, fbme under, and fbme above 
Water y yet a Ship may pafs through fife cwssx^ 


fay keeping A good Look-out ; tho* I wouJd not 
advHe any body to it, unlefi acquainted with die 
Uanda, or oUtg^d by Neceffi^. . 

This Ifland hath what none other of the Cape 
d0 Verd Iflands produces, viz. Guana's, a Creature 
very like in Shape to a lizardrTbq^ are weU 
known hi the If^ Mies j and there are ibme on 
Ifle of BrflHca^ abtfve a Yard in Length. 


Is about three or Ibur Le^ues Welt-Nofth« 
Weft fronf the North-Wdt Part of St. JV?^ 
cbolas : There is a good clean findy Bay on the 
South-Weft Side, and another on the South-Eaft 
Side ; but here are no Inhabitants, nor Water for 
a Ship, nor likewife at JfleCbam and Branca^ 
tilde having no Cattle 9 but St. Lucia hath Goat^ 
and Ailes* . 

The Channel between St. Lucia and St. Vi$ieent 
is very foul, aiui fi> full of Rocks, that it's icarce 
iaie to venture through, and not adyifeable to at-^ 
tempt it, unlefi ferc'd by NecefHty. 

St. VIN- 



[ 447 3 



IS alfb uninhabited : On the North-Eaft Side 
it's low and fandy, but the reft moftly high 
Land, with £indy Bays, and ieveral Roa[ds to 
anchor at : The chief are, firft, Babia des Gbatty 
which lies on the North Side ; it goes in between 
two low £andy Points, and the Water is fo fmooth 
within, that you may lay a Veflel afhore without 
any fear of Damage : It's very difficult to come 
out with a Trade Wind, which blows right in the 
Bay, or rather finall Gulf, which lies in North* 
Eaft, for which Reafbn no Ships go in there : But 
the St. Nicbolas-McTiy when they come here to 
catch Turtle, ufe it, it being fecure for their Boats, 
and from thence they row out, taking the Oppor- 
tunity of a Morning Calm. 

On the North-Weft Side, right againft St. An-» 
tonia^ is P^rto Grande^ a fair large fandy clean 
Bay, up in the North-Eaft Bigbt ; wherein is the- 
beft Riding, for there you may ride all Winds in 
fix or feven Fathom Water. You may anchor any 
where in the Bay, for it's all over clean fandy 
Ground ^ and. it is cafily known by a high Rock^ 
like a Tower, off the Bay, and clean all round. 
You may go on either Side of it ^ but if you are 
defign d for the great Bay, you had beft go to 
Windward of it, leaving it on the Starboard Side, 
that you may fetch the better up into the Bay : If 
it blows a Gale of Wind,paffing in under the high 
Land, you will have very hard Flaws of Wind ; 
but when fliot into the Bay, clear of the hi^Vv 

;^8 1 

^ : T-^1 then have (teady Gales. 

.. a-: both Wood and Water, and 

.. . tG will take the Fains to /hoot 

-=. South-Weft Point is another Bay or 

_ i Porto St. PedrCy which is a clean Bay, 

-u say anchor in wliat Depth you pleafe 

w- Jround J but when it blows, there come 

^u. ''j:mi down the Valley, which makes it hard 

. ^jr^ rrcre, unlefi in moderate Weather. 

>i r:!? IiZand is the moft Turtle and Fifli 
.iiiir:^ of anv cf the C:te de Verd Illands. ex- 
jcTC ±e Itk ct Jl:/. Here is alfb good Store of 
Jtjiiii i::c A::«fs, 2n6. almolt as great Plentv of 
Vrr; xs i: uie lilir.d ct Sr. ^j/vj ^ but there is 
x^rr^ :£ x ijsz frfLs or nurlne Salt in the Nitre 
^T 5c -".-■; *. rixn Li :hi: o£ Si. ycbi: : For I 
r.^- - ~ -^ -'—-" 7 -"- X^rre of Si. fcbn burning; 
c.iiin i. iMjcr: r.iir :hs Sea-fide, but that at 
S: 7" ..;•.: il.rivi "fiv'.i-.p frme fixt Salt behind, 
r>.?" ir. :":--: rin :f :he lilind it left lels fixt Sale 
tr.i:: ."i ::r.;r Virzs. I fr.iil r.exr pals to give Ibme 

^-.. ._ --JL I. --- .-*♦ V - -<;■":•• ■- 


T ':■ Kj:-^ .^ i^/. a X to K I O 

T 1 F. 5 ::: I..i:.r-ie i-'-iq' Xorth, and in S'-z' 
I . c.': 1. ^T'c :--.'.: iror-i :he C.:Te de Vtrd^ and 
:> ..:r. the V. i/:crr..:i and Xonhemioft of all 
: '. .r- . . . '^ *.: !:'^::d>. It'i a very high Illand, 
iv c .::-"• t .i::y :h.n^. i-f-rior to St. Philip's 
:r. :r...: rr.:^:/: . .:n.i. jonfic^ring :he high Aloun- 
tx.:":>» or:i " cw \<.i: cor.:j,:ns as much Ground 


C 449 ] 

6r rather Rocks, as St..Jagd; and iiath atun- 
dance of running Brooks oF frefti Waterj which 
hiake the Yallies, through which they run/ as 
fertile' a^ ariy of the C^p^ d& Verd Illandsj^ for^ 
Maiz, FefHobnj Bananas, Plantanes, Potatoes, 
Mannd'yoke^, Porapions, Watfer ^nd Mu$k-Me* 
Ion, Ofarlges, Lemons, Limes, Guava's, ^c. 
and the greateft Plenty of Wine, tho' the ordi- 
narieft, and, to make amends for that tdo, the 
cheapeft of all the Ifland?. 

They have AfTes and Hogs, Which are very 
large, as well ais Plenty of them, a large Stock 
bf Cows, and the Mountains are well replenllh'd 
with wild Goats, both which belong to the Majr- 
quis dai Minbas^ lately made Marquis de Gho-^^e. 

This Ifland is alio in the Vallies very wdody j 
and here the Beur d\re is gathered, alhd ai Quan- ♦ 
tity fent over, as often as a Ship comes there foe 
the Skins and Hides from Por^tugal^ and is put on 
Board upon the Marqui^s Account ; but what 
Ufe it's apply 'd to in PbHugal^ I could not cer-? 
tainly 'learn. 

Here is found on one of the Mourtt^iiis a tranft f 
parent Stone, callM, by the Natives, ^opaz ; biit 
whether it be the true ^opaZy or no, I canY tell^ 
as being ilo Llpidary. 

Here is aHo Sangms DraconiSy or the Gum # 
Dragons Bloody product in great Quantities, the 
which, as well as the Stones, £^f . above menti- 
oned, a:s alfb all the Ambergrife founcf ab6;ut the 
Ifland, belbngs to the Lord of the Soil ^ for 
whom it is gathef*d, and a great Penalty laid up- 
on thofe w'ho conceal, and aoii't immediately de- 
liver it to the Gdvefrior : Yet it's no hard Matter 
for any one, that knoSvs how to manaige Matiw^ 
provided he is Mafter of the Language, to pro- 
cure any thing the Ifland produces at an eafy 


C 450 ] 

The Natives here are almoft as innocent and 
good-temper'd, for the Generality, as die Natives 
of St. Jcbn. 

There is, as the Report goes, a Silver Mine 
on this Ifland ; but the Marquis won't • open it, 
for fear the* King of Portugal (hould feize upon 
It : And, ^ti% faid, that a certain Man extraded 
ib much Gold there on a certain Mountain, where 
he had liv'd ibme time as a Hermit, chat one Afi 
was not fuflScient to cany it down to the Port 
where the Ship lay. 

There is Abundance of Indigo grows here, and 
ievcral great Plantations are incWd, wall^ in, 
and cultivated, on the Account, and tor the Ufe 
of the Marquis ; and there is a European Fortu* 
rj^f/^, who is the Manager, who feparates the 
Tindure, which is lent Home, when the Ship 
comes from Portugal by Order of the Marquis, 
to colled for him the Profits of the Iflands be- 
longing to him. The, Indigo Shrub grows fome- 
thing like Broom, but not lb large, having finall 
pale green Leaves, fbmething refembling Box 
Leaves in Form, which are very juicy. Thefe 
Leaves they ftrip off in Oclcher or November^ of 
which they make their Indigo, by pounding the 
Leaves to a Pap, and making it tHtn into Cakes 
or Balls, and, as it dries, it changes from Green 
to a dark Blue. 

There are alfo Cotton Plantations cultivated, 
and Cloths made for the Marquis ; for, as I told 
you before, this Ifland is the Hereditary Eftate 
of that Nobleman. The Cotton Shrub grows 
about the Bignels of a Role-Bufh, but fpreads 
more : The Leaves are of a Grals-Green, fbme- 
thing like the Leaves of Spinage, but broader, 
and fmooth : The Flowers are of a pale Yelloii' j 
which, after they blow away, are fuccceded by 
round Pods, wherein the Cotton is inclosed, com- 


t 4V 1 

monly in three Cells, wherein the Seeds alio are 
contain'd, which are Black, being of an oval 
Form, about the Bignefi of French Beans. 

They make this Ifland a Store-houfe, as it wer^ 
for Slaves , and, I ftppofe, when the Portugue/e 
had the Spanijb Slaving Trade, the then Marquis 
caused a Cargo of Negroes to be brought from 
Guinea J and placed there ; who were fiipply'd, at 
hfs Charge, till they had put tbemfelves into a 
Condition to maintain themfelves by Planting, 
^c. which they loon learned from the free Blacks 
inhabiting there before , and thefe have increased 
very faft, notwithftanding there have been many 
of them tranlported, both to Portugal and Brafil 
whenever the Marquifles have thought fit to or- 
der it : Thefe Slayes have Plantations, Houfcs, 
Wives, 6^r. as the free Blacks have ; and fbme 
of the beft Places are cultivated by them for Cot- 
ton, Indigo, Ss. which are all wrought by thofe 
Slaves, and manag'4 by a* Steward placed there 
by the Marquis, who is generally a European 
Portuguefe^ and has the Title of Capiteen More. 

There is computed to be Two thouland Five 
hundred Souls on this Ifland, four Fifths of which 
Number is made up by the Slaves; They arc 
divided into two Parties, and very often Diffe- 
rences happen between them, fbmetimes to the 
fliedding ot Blood ; the free Blacks valuing them- 
fclves for their Freedom, and the Slaves telling 
them, they are only Tenants at Will, and that 
tliey are worfe than they, as being liable to be 
tArn'd off* the Ifland whenever the Marquis 
pleafes, without knowing where to go, and 
virill therefore be neceflitated to yield themfelves 
Slaves whenever the Marquis pleafes, &c. And 
whenever it comes to Blov/s, the Slaves being the 
ftronger, the free Blacks generally come off^ with 
the worft j and it would be ftill wotfe &t ^^xa.^ 

G a a "4 

^ "]■ ^^~- ■« 

»--»*—- --^- ■■- 


•- ' 

.1. —.3 
1 . 1 •'• if 


'I 1 


- .-:- 

7'* - 

1^~ '^\isi5, a 

^■^^■M - ' 

^ _* '." , 

. J.;.-:.;l; ; and 

• • ■« 


:?i- nav iLnow 

— — .. C> 

t: iDt 

jvi.-ir-irird of 

' _^ ^1 

':-" V -.r. 

jn ^ zTiz only 


:: rijf 

iz-: on rhat 

!•- V. . 

1 League, or 
— lee the faid 

'— "Tf ^ "• 

■ 13:-:-: 

cj: die Xorth- 

. " ^*- T 

rr.. : r r 

- tl\c Fathom, 

il'_ ■•. • 

IT li 'C 

-: lee the Wea-i 


[453 3 

There is, about half a League to the North* 
.ward of the Chapel, a little Bay or G)ve5 call'd 
RJvera des Irapbay where a BcJat may lie ^ and 
has a very good Key. to land or take in any thing 
at, the Water being finooth, and it afibrding a 
good Shelter from the Wind by the North-Eaft 
Point : There is alfo a Run of frcfh Water, and 
Wood enough, in the Valley. 

You may fee a Prolpeft of that, and the reft 
of the Roads, as well as the Shape of the feveral 
Iflands, in the Draughts here annexed ^ which ^ 
although they are not altogether fb exaft and cu- 
rious as I could have wifti'd ft em, by Reaibn of 
the want of Conveniencies, and neceflary Uten^ 
fils, yet, ib &r I can affirm, as to the moft mate- 
rial Parts, they may be intirely depended upon« 
And I can J&rther afliire the Reader, that I have 
delivered no Falfity, either in the Hiftory of my- 
felf, or in my Defcription of thofe People or 
Iflands. What I relate of my own Obfervation^ 
is certain Matter of Fad, and what I had from 
others, I endeavour'd to procure it in the exadeft 
and full eft Manner that I could. I could lay a 
great deal more of the Cotton Manufadhire ; and 
am certain, that it's poffible to procure Quantities 
of Barra/oolsy or Guinea-trading Cloths for a 
Trifle, as well a$ all Sorts of Provifions for Slav- 
ing ; which, as it would be more agreeable, as 
being a more natural Food for diofe Africans^ lb 
I am certain it would come much cheaper than as 
it is uliially purchafed ^ but how fer, or whether 
it would be any ways hurtful to the Trade of thole 
Kind of Provifions bought here for the Slaves, I 
muft leave thole who are concern^ in it to deter- 
mine, as being the beft Judges. 

I could alio much inlarge on the Nitre produced 
in Ibme of thefe Iflands j but I have faid fuffi- 
pent to let the World know, vihax fat lioa m^^ * 

[ 454 D 

Fvt, was unknofwn co Europe before i I fay, 6x 
the mod Fart, bccauie ibroe Years paft, it was 
knouTi in Portugal^ that there was Nitre in the 
liland of Sl Vtucem^ and diey gathered a confi-^ 
dcribie Quant'ty of the Salt of it, which was 
felt to Pcrcuf^ji: But the Gathering of it, was 
proiccuted no £irdier fince, the Report going, 
1 hit it vk-as not good Nitre, the greateft Part of 
it beins of the Nature of the Marine Salt : Which 
might very well be ; for where they got this Salt^ 
I tried -t,'and there was inch a (mail Quantity of 
inr^ummable Nitre mixed with it, that it would but 
▼ery faintly kindle, and not one eighth Part bum, 
or dy away, the red being a fixed Salt, and in 
Talle^ nothing didering from the conmion Marine, 
or Sci Salt; whereas, in other Places on the 
£LTie Itland, there would not remain above one 
half, iome one third, feme one quarter, and Ibme 
le^\ of tixcd inflammable Salt : But at St. Johns 
Inand« it was moftly {o volatile, that it would all 
fi\- away^ except near the Sea ; the Reaibns of 
which, I muft leave to the philofophical Searchers 
of Nature to dik*o\Tr, and puriue die Chain of 
my Relations ; the hft Link whereof, is to fay 
lomf thing of the CurreVits^ and Seafons^ and then 
I l>a!l conclude. 

The Sea about thefe Iflands, keeps a regular 
Influx and Reflux ; ebbing Six Hours odd Minutes, 
and flowing the fame Quantit)^ of Time ; flowing 
higher, and ebbing lower, the ilune as in Europe^ 
or other Parts, which we commonly call Spring- 
Tides ; and this about, or rather fbme Time after 
the Conjundion and Oppofirion of the Sun and 
Moon, unlels this Regularity be altered by the 
Strength of (hifting Wind:*, £/r. which is com- 
mon in other Parts alfb, though more eafily and 
frequently obfm^ble here : But let the Weather 
be never fo ca\m^ ^tx. ^^ Sea. runs more high 

C 455 ] 

ag^inft the Rocks, and even in the Bays, about 
the Full aind Ch^ge of the Moon, than when 
thefe Two Planets are in or near a fijuare Afpeft. 
I have feen at the Squatty and in a ftrong Gale 
of Wind, which caufed a great Sea to run in the 
Channel between St. Philip's and St. John s^ yet 
in the Fuumo the Sea has been very finooth, fb 
that you might have laid a Boat to the Beach 
without hurting her s and I have obferved, near 
the Full and Change, when, perhaps, it had been 
calm Three or Four Days before, and the Sea 
as Imooth in the Channel aforefaid, as in the 
Thames almoft 5 yet the Sea hove up againft the 
Shore, that even in the Fuurno^ you could not 
put a Boat afliore to the Beach, or Strand, with- 
out running a Hazard of filling her with the Sea 
fowling and breaking on the Beach ^ though then 
you might land fafe enough at the Kaay, yet there 
the Waves rife and fell, as if there was a great 
Sea run without. 

The Flood fets to the North-Eaftward, and the 
Ebb to the South- Weft ward, and will let mart 
Northerly, Eafterly, Wefterly, or Southerly, y 
about theft Iflands, as the Points or Sides of the ^ 
Iflands, check or turn the Stream, which I have 
- ihewn by the Darts about the Ifland of St. Jobn^ 
which I obferved there, and, as far as I could 
find, was the fame at the other Iflands. 

There runs a pretty ftrong Tide up and down % 
*the Channel between St. Philip* s and St. Jobn^s ^ 
and likewife between the little Iflands and St. 
Jobnh r There alio runs a good Tide, both Ebb 
and Flood, between St. Philip* s and St. Jago*^ j. 
but not fo ftrong as between St. Philips and 
St. Johns. 

But the ftron^eft Tides are in the Channels ^ 
between thofe Iflands lying between St. Nicholas^ 
and St. Antonio^ eipecially the narrov CVv&xcwa. 

[ 450 

fceiueen St. LMCia and St. Vincent ^ which, an Spring 
Tides, run very ftrong : I never had proper G)nr- 
venicncies to try or biow the Swiftnefs of thefc 
Tides in a derarminate Part of Time, fince I 
iband^ that the Tides generally keep a regular 
C^'nirle, which hath been ob(er\'ed but " by very 
few-, c\-en of thole that ufe thofe Parts ; but, ac^ 
cording; to my Judgment, the Tide ieems to run 
as fwij^ in the laft mentioned Channels, as it does 
in any Pin of the J'bjmes^ 
^ There are, beiides thcfe afore-mentioned Caufes 
of il:ir:ng the general and ordinary Gourle of the 
Txie?, another not yet mentioned • namely. The 
Cr'r;;#v which commonly let at particular Seafbns, 
and although their exa6fc Quantity or Quality^ 
ii rot certainly found ; vet the Quality is Known 
thus far, That a little oefore the Rains, which 
fall in J:.'fU'^ J-'% -^^(f'f'?^ and part di Septembery 
the Current generally, though not conftantly, fets 
to the Xorth-E:ift\^-ard, and then, at a determi- 
n.^:e Diftance from the Iflands, the Floods gene- 
jallv le: Itrongcr through thofe Channels, or 
about the Iibncis, than the Ebbs ; and cbntrary- 
\viil% when the Currents let to the South- Weft- 
\v:irJ, wliich is generally, though not conftantiy, 
in rhe hrrer Part of the Rains, and {omt Time 
after, ivc y^rjerrAer^ Decewler^ and Jmuary ^ 
then the Lee, or South-Weft Currents, are gene- 
rally Iwifter than the Windward, or North-Eaft 

Thele Currents, however, depend on the Sea- 
fbns, becaule the)- generally come before, %, and 
after, though not exadly in, or at the fame 
Time, vet alwavs about that Time. 

The like m:iy be laid of the Scj/hfjs ; for it 
does not rain; nor docs the Wind fliift exadklv at 
the fame Time e\'ery Year j but about the lame 
Time, Ibmetimes fooner, fbmetimes later, the 


C 457 ] 

Natives who have the yearlv Experience of it, 
expeA the Rains about the latter £nd of June^ 
with faint Southerly Winds^ which fbmetimes 
they have not till the Beginning, Middle, or 
latter End of July^ or it may be, not 'till the 
Middle of Auguft : In September they have gene- 
rally, though not conftantly, Eaft-South-Eaft, 
South-Eaft, and South-South-Eaft, ftrong Winds, 
with the Rain : In Offober^ South-South- Weft, 
South- Weft, and, towards the latter End, Weft- 
North-Weft, and North-Weft Winds ; with 
Thunder, Lightening, and heavy Rain, and 
fbmetimes ftrong Winds, but they ieldom hold 
long. Between thefe Rains, and a little before, 
you ftiall have Calms, ferene Air, variable light 
Breezes, and Airs of Wind ; and at that Seafbn^ 
a finall Southerly Gale will raife a greater Sea^ 
than a ftrong Northerly one^ but you are to 
note, Thofe light Airs blowing between the rainy 
Fits, feldom raife the Sea : In the Month of Nth 
vember^ if it rains, it is generally with a frefh, and 
fometimes ftrong. Northerly Wind, and generally, 
when the Rain is diick and heavy, the Wind is 
laid fbon ^ and after that, the Rain beats the Sea 
down imooth. 

After the rainy Seafbn is over, it's commonly 
very hazy, e^ecially by Day, and oftentimes 
from the Beginning of November ( if it ceafe to 
rain (6 loon) 'till the latter End of January j and 
all that Time, it generally blows pretty ftrong, 
and far Nordierly, moftlv North-Nort;h-Eaft, and 
North-Eaft-by-North ; out February^ March j and 
yfjpr/7, moftly North-Eaft-by-North, from thence 
to the Rains more Eafterly ^ and as it veers to 
the Eaftward, the Wu)d decreafes, and blows 

C 458 ] 

When k blows the ufual Wind to bring the 
Rain according to the Seaibn, and blows Itrong 
and f jcden, it is then ufually fbon over, and called 
a 7rjz\:S: j bnt when it blows violently, wth 
Thunder and Lightening ( and generally the 
harder ':z b:cv;>, and iuddcner it comes, the KX>ner 
\ii over) it's rhen called a ^uniado. 

And now I have finilhed my Hiftory of as much 
as I though:: would be neceflary or ufeful. It is 
my ^Ta:den A\'ork of a publick Nature ; and as 
I f.r.d r:!:^ proves acceptable or fer\'iceable, it may 
enr^iir^ze me to a Dilcovery of what hath oc- 
c::rred to me, in my paft, or future Obferv^ations, 
fb far as I co!ice:ve they may be ufeful or delight- 
ful to my Countrymen in general, efpecially to 
the ^^ei\:!:a::: Adventurers, and the Gentlemen 
be:o:i?*n5 to the Sea, in particular : And if the 
Rc-Aiicr f.iicsas much Satisfaction in the Readings 
as I h.w e taken Painf truly to obferve and colled, 
I lliiiil tliink XiV Trouble wcU beftowxd. 

N. B. Tie ; rr.V Boy fo often vieutiond in the 

/:.'■. j; ;;.^ Siccrs^ }:::c Hies '-^'iib Mr. Galapin^ 

ti ^cl\:::\]:lft^ iu Monument Yard, and ru-.iy 

ic ;v i';-;v.j ::/"-;• tie ^rutb cf 7ugJ: oftbe P.?;'- 

t'-f/'' -■•e ; ,-v.-.- V ' ' '*■' / 

/• / N / S, 

V ^ 




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